McIntosh County, Georgia

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McIntosh County, Georgia
GA Darien West HD courthouse01.jpg
McIntosh County Courthouse in Darien
Map of Georgia highlighting McIntosh County
Location in the state of Georgia
Map of the United States highlighting Georgia
Georgia's location in the U.S.
Founded 1793
Seat Darien
Largest city Darien
Area
 • Total 574 sq mi (1,487 km2)
 • Land 424 sq mi (1,098 km2)
 • Water 150 sq mi (388 km2), 26.1%
Population
 • (2010) 14,333
 • Density 34/sq mi (13/km²)
Congressional district 1st
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Two of the dozens of historical markers in the county.

McIntosh County is a county located in the U.S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 14,333.[1] The county seat is Darien.[2]

McIntosh County is included in the Brunswick, GA Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

After the Revolution, St. Andrew's Parish, the original name of Mcintosh County, became a part of Liberty County which had been created in 1777.[3]

McIntosh County was split off from Liberty County in 1793. The new county was named McIntosh for its most famous family, which included Lachlan McIntosh, who was a general in the Continental Army. The McIntosh clan in Darien dates back to 1736. Darien was founded in 1736 by Scottish Highlanders who were enticed to move to Georgia by General James Oglethorpe. Oglethorpe wanted to settled the southern portion of the Georgia colony (around the Altamaha River) to protect the colony from attacks by Spanish Florida.[4]

The Altamaha was a primary conveyor from the Georgia interior. Great barges and so-called "Oconee boxes" of cotton from the upcountry plantations were floated down the Altamaha to Darien for shipment to northern and European markets. By 1819, regular steamboat service had been established between Darien and Milledgeville. Darien was becoming a cotton-exporting center of significance, rivaling Savannah in importance.[3]

Civil War[edit]

Few Georgia counties suffered the hardship and deprivation of Civil War as much as McIntosh County. The fortunes of the planters were irretrievably lost, the plantations were destroyed, the lumber industry devastated, and even the once-thriving seaport town of Darien was destroyed as the result of the "total war" tactics of a renegade Union field officer.[3]

However, the greatest single act of destruction by the Federals in McIntosh County during the war was the wanton devastation of the undefended little town of Darien in June 1863.[3]

Civil rights[edit]

Despite its large number of black residents, McIntosh County politics continued to be dominated by whites well into the 1970s, even following the federal civil rights legislation of the previous decade. In September 1975, the Georgia Legal Services Program, on behalf of local NAACP members, filed suit in US District Court, alleging that women and blacks were systematically excluded from grand juries responsible for appointing members to the McIntosh County Board of Education. The following May, plaintiffs and county officials reached an agreement providing for random jury selection.

In 1977, the NAACP filed separate suits against McIntosh County and the City of Darien, alleging improper districting for county and city commission seats. The county settled out of court, agreeing to redraw its commission boundaries to include a black-majority district. The NAACP lost its suit against the city, but this decision was remanded and reversed in 1979 by the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit.

Praying for Sheetrock: A Work of Nonfiction (ISBN 0-201-55048-2) by Melissa Fay Greene narrates the events surrounding the civil rights movement in McIntosh County, particularly the demise of Sheriff Thomas H. Poppell and the 1978 election of black rights activist Thurnell Alston to the county commissioner.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 574 square miles (1,490 km2), of which 424 square miles (1,100 km2) is land and 150 square miles (390 km2) (26.1%) is water.[5]

The vast majority of McIntosh County is located in the Ogeechee Coastal sub-basin of the larger Ogeechee basin. The entire southwestern border of the county is located in the Altamaha River sub-basin of the basin by the same name.[6]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected areas[edit]

Islands[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Traffic Signals[edit]

McIntosh County is noteworthy for being the only county in its area having no cycled traffic lights. There are two flashing lights in the county, however. One is at the four-way stop intersection of US-17 and GA-99 in Eulonia, and the other is at the intersection of US-17 and First Street in downtown Darien. There have been discussions in Darien of placing a traffic signal at the intersection of GA-251 and US-17, as well as at the Interstate 95 exit ramps on GA-251, as traffic flow has increased in Darien in recent years. However, no definite plans have been made in regards to potential future traffic signals.

Railroads[edit]

McIntosh County is also one of just a handful of counties in Georgia that no longer has an active railroad. The short-lived Georgia Coast and Piedmont Railroad once ran along present-day SR 99 and SR 57 but was removed by 1919. The more recent Seaboard Coast Line Railroad ran north to south along the western part of the county, through Townsend for most of the twentieth century. However, the track from Riceboro in Liberty County to Seals in Camden County was removed by CSX in the late 1980s, leaving McIntosh County without any railroad track. Evidence of the railroad corridor can still be seen in many areas, though.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1800 2,660
1810 3,739 40.6%
1820 5,129 37.2%
1830 4,998 −2.6%
1840 5,360 7.2%
1850 6,027 12.4%
1860 5,546 −8.0%
1870 4,491 −19.0%
1880 6,241 39.0%
1890 6,470 3.7%
1900 6,537 1.0%
1910 6,442 −1.5%
1920 5,119 −20.5%
1930 5,763 12.6%
1940 5,292 −8.2%
1950 6,008 13.5%
1960 6,364 5.9%
1970 7,371 15.8%
1980 8,046 9.2%
1990 8,634 7.3%
2000 10,847 25.6%
2010 14,333 32.1%
Est. 2014 14,214 [7] −0.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
1790-1960[9] 1900-1990[10]
1990-2000[11] 2010-2013[1]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 14,333 people, 5,971 households, and 4,010 families residing in the county.[12] The population density was 33.8 inhabitants per square mile (13.1/km2). There were 9,220 housing units at an average density of 21.7 per square mile (8.4/km2).[13] The racial makeup of the county was 61.5% white, 35.9% black or African American, 0.4% American Indian, 0.3% Asian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 0.6% from other races, and 1.2% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.6% of the population.[12] In terms of ancestry, 11.4% were Irish, 6.5% were English, 6.5% were American, and 6.0% were German.[14]

Of the 5,971 households, 28.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.5% were married couples living together, 14.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.8% were non-families, and 28.4% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.91. The median age was 44.4 years.[12]

The median income for a household in the county was $39,075 and the median income for a family was $51,765. Males had a median income of $35,473 versus $25,607 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,964. About 11.2% of families and 16.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.7% of those under age 18 and 13.3% of those age 65 or over.[15]

Communities[edit]

City[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Notable residents[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 24, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ a b c d "History of McIntosh County, Georgia". www.cityofdarienga.com. Retrieved 2015-11-09. 
  4. ^ Highroad Guide to the Georgia Coast and Okefenokee By Richard J. Lenz page 179
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  6. ^ "Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission Interactive Mapping Experience". Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission. Retrieved 2015-11-27. 
  7. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 24, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 24, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 24, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 24, 2014. 
  12. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-30. 
  13. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-30. 
  14. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-30. 
  15. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-30. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 31°29′N 81°22′W / 31.48°N 81.37°W / 31.48; -81.37