McIntosh County, Georgia
|McIntosh County, Georgia|
McIntosh County Courthouse in Darien
Location in the state of Georgia
Georgia's location in the U.S.
|• Total||574 sq mi (1,487 km2)|
|• Land||424 sq mi (1,098 km2)|
|• Water||150 sq mi (388 km2), 26.1%|
|• Density||34/sq mi (13/km²)|
|Time zone||Eastern: UTC-5/-4|
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Transportation
- 4 Demographics
- 5 Communities
- 6 Notable residents
- 7 See also
- 8 References
- 9 External links
McIntosh County was split off from Liberty County in 1793. The new county was named McIntosh for its most famous family, which included Lachlan McIntosh, who was a general in the Continental Army. The McIntosh clan in Darien dates back to 1736. Darien was founded in 1736 by Scottish Highlanders who were enticed to move to Georgia by General James Oglethorpe. Oglethorpe wanted to settled the southern portion of the Georgia colony (around the Altamaha River) to protect the colony from attacks by Spanish Florida.
The Altamaha was a primary conveyor from the Georgia interior. Great barges and so-called "Oconee boxes" of cotton from the upcountry plantations were floated down the Altamaha to Darien for shipment to northern and European markets. By 1819, regular steamboat service had been established between Darien and Milledgeville. Darien was becoming a cotton-exporting center of significance, rivaling Savannah in importance.
Few Georgia counties suffered the hardship and deprivation of Civil War as much as McIntosh County. The fortunes of the planters were irretrievably lost, the plantations were destroyed, the lumber industry devastated, and even the once-thriving seaport town of Darien was destroyed as the result of the "total war" tactics of a renegade Union field officer.
However, the greatest single act of destruction by the Federals in McIntosh County during the war was the wanton devastation of the undefended little town of Darien in June 1863.
Despite its large number of black residents, McIntosh County politics continued to be dominated by whites well into the 1970s, even following the federal civil rights legislation of the previous decade. In September 1975, the Georgia Legal Services Program, on behalf of local NAACP members, filed suit in US District Court, alleging that women and blacks were systematically excluded from grand juries responsible for appointing members to the McIntosh County Board of Education. The following May, plaintiffs and county officials reached an agreement providing for random jury selection.
In 1977, the NAACP filed separate suits against McIntosh County and the City of Darien, alleging improper districting for county and city commission seats. The county settled out of court, agreeing to redraw its commission boundaries to include a black-majority district. The NAACP lost its suit against the city, but this decision was remanded and reversed in 1979 by the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit.
Praying for Sheetrock: A Work of Nonfiction (ISBN 0-201-55048-2) by Melissa Fay Greene narrates the events surrounding the civil rights movement in McIntosh County, particularly the demise of Sheriff Thomas H. Poppell and the 1978 election of black rights activist Thurnell Alston to the county commissioner.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 574 square miles (1,490 km2), of which 424 square miles (1,100 km2) is land and 150 square miles (390 km2) (26.1%) is water. McIntosh is in the Altamaha River basin and the Ogeechee River basin.
National protected areas
- Blackbeard Island National Wildlife Refuge
- Harris Neck National Wildlife Refuge
- Wolf Island National Wildlife Refuge
McIntosh County is noteworthy for being the only county in its area having no cycled traffic lights. There are two flashing lights in the county, however. One is at the four-way stop intersection of US-17 and GA-99 in Eulonia, and the other is at the intersection of US-17 and First Street in downtown Darien. There have been discussions in Darien of placing a traffic signal at the intersection of GA-251 and US-17, as well as at the Interstate 95 exit ramps on GA-251, as traffic flow has increased in Darien in recent years. However, no definite plans have been made in regards to potential future traffic signals.
McIntosh County is also one of just a handful of counties in Georgia that no longer has an active railroad. The short-lived Georgia Coast and Piedmont Railroad once ran along present-day SR 99 and SR 57 but was removed by 1919. The more recent Seaboard Coast Line Railroad ran north to south along the western part of the county, through Townsend for most of the twentieth century. However, the track from Riceboro in Liberty County to Seals in Camden County was removed by CSX in the late 1980s, leaving McIntosh County without any railroad track. Evidence of the railroad corridor can still be seen in many areas, though.
|U.S. Decennial Census
As of the census of 2010, there were 14,333 people, 4,202 households, and 3,012 families residing in the county. The population density was 10/km² (25/mi²). As of the 2000 census, there were 5,735 housing units at an average density of 5/km² (13/mi²). The racial makeup of the county was 61.34% White, 36.81% Black or African American, 0.38% Native American, 0.30% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.27% from other races, and 0.87% from two or more races. 0.91% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 4,202 households out of which 31.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.20% were married couples living together, 14.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.30% were non-families. 24.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 3.00.
In the county the population was spread out with 28.00% under the age of 18, 7.20% from 18 to 24, 26.90% from 25 to 44, 26.10% from 45 to 64, and 11.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 98.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.90 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $30,102, and the median income for a family was $34,363. Males had a median income of $29,782 versus $19,598 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,253. About 15.70% of families and 18.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.10% of those under age 18 and 16.90% of those age 65 or over.
- Thomas Spalding (March 25, 1774 – January 5, 1851) United States Representative.
- John McIntosh Kell (1823 - October 5, 1900) Executive Officer of the CSS Alabama.
- Charles S. Thomas (December 6, 1849 – June 24, 1934) United States Senator for Colorado
- Arthur Conley (January 4, 1946 – November 17, 2003) soul singer.
- Allen Bailey (March 25, 1989 - ) - Defensive end for Kansas City Chiefs
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 24, 2014.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "History of McIntosh County, Georgia". www.cityofdarienga.com. Retrieved 2015-11-09.
- Highroad Guide to the Georgia Coast and Okefenokee By Richard J. Lenz page 179
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 24, 2014.
- "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 24, 2014.
- "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 24, 2014.
- "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 24, 2014.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
- McIntosh County website
- History of McIntosh County
- Historical Markers in McIntosh County
- McIntosh County Shouters
||Long County||Liberty County|
|Wayne County||Atlantic Ocean|