Beyoncé videography

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Beyoncé Knowles videography)
Jump to: navigation, search
Beyoncé, smiling and waving in a gold-colored gown before a bank of photographers
Beyoncé at the 2007 Dreamgirls premiere

Beyoncé has released dozens of music videos, working with a number of directors and co-producing several. After her film debut as the lead in Carmen: A Hip Hopera (2001), Beyoncé's first solo music video was the soundtrack single "Work It Out" for the 2002 film Austin Powers in Goldmember, her first theatrical film. Its video, with clips from the film, had a 1970s disco theme with Beyoncé in a curly Afro. After Destiny's Child disbanded, she released her first music video as a solo artist for "Crazy in Love" with longtime boyfriend Jay-Z. The single topped charts worldwide with its iconic, simple theme and walking beat. Videos released from Dangerously in Love included cameo appearances by Sean Paul and Usher.

In 2006, Beyoncé starred in two films: The Pink Panther, which spawned the chart-topping "Check on It" (and its pink-themed video) and Dreamgirls, which inspired her second album (B'Day). The first single from B'Day, "Déjà Vu", also featured Jay-Z. Although an online petition objected to "unacceptable interactions" between Beyoncé and Jay-Z in the video, it was overshadowed by the video for "Ring the Alarm". She was successful again with her video for "Irreplaceable", and collaborated with old bandmates Kelly Rowland, Michelle Williams, and her sister Solange on "Get Me Bodied". Beyoncé created a video anthology for B'Day, with music videos for all songs on the album.

In 2008, she played Etta James in Cadillac Records and released her third album, I Am... Sasha Fierce, which included the songs "If I Were a Boy", "Single Ladies (Put a Ring on It)", "Ego", and "Video Phone". In the video for "If I Were a Boy", Beyoncé imagines how she would act in a relationship as a member of the opposite sex. Due to the single's video budget, the video for "Single Ladies (Put a Ring on It)" was exotic on a lower budget. It became a generic video for online video-hosting websites, and was known as the present-day "Thriller" because of its many remakes. Beyoncé made her directorial debut on "Ego", which followed the formula of "Single Ladies (Put a Ring on It)". In 2009 she starred in Obsessed and collaborated with Lady Gaga on a remix of "Video Phone", with a more sexual video. Although Beyoncé was expected to release a second video anthology for I Am... Sasha Fierce, she released videos for nearly all the songs on the album as singles.

In early 2010, Beyoncé again collaborated with Lady Gaga on a 9:30 mini-movie for "Telephone", and with Alicia Keys on "Put It in a Love Song" (scheduled for release by summer). She released the final music video from I Am... Sasha Fierce (originally a bonus track), "Why Don't You Love Me", two years after the album's release. The video was filmed as a gift to fans after the song reached number one on the Billboard Hot Dance Club Play chart. Beyoncé has also released Spanish versions of music videos popular worldwide, director's cuts and remix videos for singles.

List of music videos[edit]


Year Music video Artist(s) Director(s) Notes
2000 "I Got That" Amil (feat. Beyoncé) Darren Grant & Jay-Z[1] First music video as a featured artist. Female rapper Eve makes a cameo appearance in the video.[2]
2002 "Work It Out" Beyoncé Matthew Rolston[3] First solo soundtrack music video that is 1970s disco inspired. Contains clip of Austin Powers in Goldmember.[3]
"'03 Bonnie & Clyde" Jay-Z (feat. Beyoncé) Chris Robinson[4] A 2003 version of Bonnie & Clyde, escaping from the law to be in love with each other. Influenced by True Romance[4]
2003 "Crazy in Love" Beyoncé (feat. Jay-Z) Jake Nava[5] Various dance sequences and blowing up a car. According to Knowles, the video "celebrates the evolution of a woman".[6] Choreographer:
"Baby Boy" Beyoncé (feat. Sean Paul) Jake Nava[7] Dance sequences in a house with English- and Japanese-style rooms[7] Choreographer:
"Me, Myself and I"[nb 1]
+ Alternate music video
Beyoncé Johan Renck[9] Aftermath of a break-up played in reverse.[9]
"Naughty Girl" Jake Nava[10] Dancing flirtatiously with Usher in a club.[10] Choreographer:
2005 "Check on It" Beyoncé (feat. Slim Thug and Bun B) Hype Williams[11] Dance sequences in pink outfits and backgrounds, reflecting The Pink Panther.[11] Contains 1950s influences.[12] Choreographer:
2006 "Déjà Vu" Beyoncé (feat. Jay-Z) Sophie Muller[13][14] Dance sequences in high-end clothing.[15] A scene was deemed to have "unacceptable interactions" between Knowles and Jay-Z,[16] interpreted by some as fellatio.[17][18]
"Ring the Alarm"
Beyoncé Knowles being dragged into an interrogation room. Pays tribute to Basic Instinct.[20][21] Choreographer:
+ "Irreemplazable"
Anthony Mandler[22] Knowles kicking out her cheating boyfriend (played by Bobby Roache)[23]
"Listen" (Performance Version) Diane Martel[24] Modern-day stage scenes intercut with footage from Dreamgirls[25]
2007 "Beautiful Liar" Beyoncé & Shakira Jake Nava[26] The two singers dance in front of contrasting backgrounds, before belly-dancing giving a look-alike effect.[27] Choreographer:
"Upgrade U" Beyoncé (feat. Jay-Z) Melina Matsoukas[28] Referencing designer brands. In some scenes, Knowles impersonates Jay-Z[28] Choreographer:
"Kitty Kat" Beyoncé Melina Matsoukas[28][29] Knowles dressed as a cat and riding a gigantic cat[27]
"Green Light" Knowles and her backing band, Suga Mama, dancing using musical instruments as props. Influenced by Robert Palmer's "Addicted to Love" music video.[27] Choreographer:
"Flaws and All" Cliff Watts and Beyoncé[30] "Silly and goofy" black-and-white video revealing a personal side of Knowles[27]
"Get Me Bodied" Anthony Mandler[31] Instructional dance-oriented video featuring cameo appearances by Destiny's Child bandmates Kelly Rowland and Michelle Williams and sister Solange Knowles. Displays 1960s influences and pays tribute to Sweet Charity.[32] Choreographer:
"Freakum Dress" Ray Kay[33] Various women "of different races, sizes, shapes, ages" wearing colorful metallic dresses[32] Choreographer:
"Suga Mama" Melina Matsoukas[28] Knowles portrays a man and transitions to womanhood. Features pole dancing and mechanical bull riding.[28][32] Choreographer:
2008 "If I Were a Boy"
+ "Si Yo Fuera un Chico"
Jake Nava[34][35] Gender role-reversal, outlining things that men do that hurt their girlfriends[35][36]
"Single Ladies (Put a Ring on It)" J-Setting choreography inspired by Bob Fosse's "Mexican Breakfast"[37] Choreographer:
Melina Matsoukas[38] Dancing in a warehouse, before blowing up a car. Also includes snippet of "Video Phone".[39] Choreographer:
"Halo"[nb 2]
Philip Andelman[38] Light scenery, illustrating love between Knowles and partner, played by Michael Ealy[41]
2009 "Ego"
+ Remix feat. Kanye West
+ Fan exclusive[nb 3]
Beyoncé and Frank Gatson[44] "Stripped down" choreography in front of a black brick wall and around a chair[44][45] Choreographer:
"Broken-Hearted Girl" Sophie Muller[46] Reminiscing on a former romance on a beach[47]
"Sweet Dreams" Adria Petty[48] Dance sequences in asymmetrical dresses and robot-style costumes[49] Choreographer:
"Video Phone (Extended Remix)" Beyoncé (feat. Lady Gaga) Hype Williams[50] Firing toy firearms and chair dancing. The opening is inspired by Reservoir Dogs.[50] Choreographer:


Year Music video Artist(s) Director(s) Notes
2010 "Telephone"
+ Clean edit
Lady Gaga
(feat. Beyoncé)
Jonas Åkerlund[51] Continuation of "Paparazzi". Knowles bails Gaga out of jail and murders her love interest, played by Tyrese Gibson. Pays homage to Kill Bill, Caged Heat and Pulp Fiction.[51][52] Features cameo appearance by Semi Precious Weapons.[53]
"Put It in a Love Song"[nb 4] Alicia Keys
(feat. Beyoncé)
Melina Matsoukas[55] Unreleased, though known visuals show a Brazilian Carnival theme. Filmed in Rio de Janeiro.
"Why Don't You Love Me"
Beyoncé Melina Matsoukas and Beyoncé[56] 1950s-influenced video where Knowles, as "B.B. Homemaker", does household chores. Pays homage to Betty Draper[56]
2011 "Move Your Body"
Melina Matsoukas [56] Students join Knowles to perform choreography by Frank Gatson.[4] In the choreography, Knowles and the students "mix salsa, dancehall, and the running man."[4] The music video for "Move Your Body" takes place as a four-minute long flash mob.[8] The video begins during lunch hour at what looks like a junior high cafeteria
"Run the World (Girls)"
Francis Lawrence[57] Leading an army of 200 dancers in the heavily-choreographed clip, Knowles begins a revolution for females. The video features usage of animals including lions and hyenas.[58]
"Best Thing I Never Had"
Diane Martel[59] As Knowles prepares for her wedding, she recalls attending her high school prom with her high school sweetheart, who had left her. However Knowles gets the last laugh as she walks down the aisle to marry a better man.[60]
Beyoncé Knowles, Laurent Briet, Ed Burke[62] The video experiments with psychedelic visual effects and innovative lighting that gives the clip a cinematic feel.[63]
+ Alternate edit video[64]
Adria Petty, Beyoncé[65] Pays homage to different films, musical and dance legends of the 1950s—1990s including Audrey Hepburn, Michael Jackson, Patricia Field, The Beatles, Dreamgirls, Fame, Twiggy, Flashdance the Musical and Anne Teresa De Keersmaeker.
"Love on Top"[66] Ed Burke, Beyoncé[67] Wearing black leotard, stockings, high-top sneakers, and medal-adorned military cap. Together with her five male dancers, they perform choreographed moves in a penthouse studio overlooking New York City.[68]
"Party"[61] Beyoncé
(feat. J. Cole)
Beyoncé Knowles, Alan Ferguson[69] Kelly Rowland and Solange Knowles make cameo appearances. Beyoncé throws a backyard bash with her friends in the colorful, retro-themed visuals. J. Cole, who appears on the remix, sweeps through in his blue Bugatti to join the old school festivities.[70]
"Dance for You"[71] Beyoncé Beyoncé Knowles, Alan Ferguson[71] Beyoncé dancing seductively on a table, on a master's chair and at one scene with her female dancers, to a man in formal suit. It also incorporates film noir, and has a 1940s-era feel.[71]
2012 "I Was Here"[72] Kenzo Digital, Sophie Muller[72] The video was filmed in front of a live audience at the United Nations General Assembly in New York.[72]
2013 "Pretty Hurts" Melina Matsoukas[73] The video shows Beyoncé as a contestant competing in a beauty peagant trying to achieve physical perfection.[74]
"Ghost" Pierre Debusschere[73] The video openes with a close-up shot of Beyoncé's face lip-syncing the song's lyrics. Various shots of the singer with different outfits and placed at different sets are featured. Other scenes show a dancer with his whole body covered in a white clothing.[75]
"Haunted" Jonas Akerlund[73] The video features her walking in the corridor of a big mansion meeting various actors seen inside the rooms. Critics compared the video of "Haunted" and the singer's look with works by Madonna.[76]
"Drunk in Love" Beyoncé
(feat. Jay-Z)
Hype Williams[73] The song's music video was directed by Hype Williams and shot in black-and-white in Golden Beach, Florida at a beach front manse.[77]
"Blow" Beyoncé The video was filmed at a roller skating rink in Houston and it features Beyoncé's sister Solange Knowles, her background dancers and her female band. The singer's style received comparisons to 1980s fashion and music videos in a similar way to the song itself.[78]
"No Angel" @lilinternet[73] The video was filmed in Houston, Texas as a tribute to the singer's hometown. It features various landscape shot of the city and some of its famous places as well as close-up shots of many people, including ten Houston-based rappers.[79]
"Yoncé" Ricky Saiz[73] Through the clip, Beyoncé introduces viewers to her new alter ego Yoncé, whose preferences include Brooklyn, her grill, and "being the hottest girl in the club.[80]
"Partition" Jake Nava[73] The story of the video was meant to illustrate the lyrics of the song. It depicts the sexual fantasies of a rich and bored housewife.[81]
  • Beyoncé
  • Francesco Carrozzini
  • Todd Tourso
The video of "Jealous" was considered to be a sequel to the one for the previous clip on the album, "Partition".[82]
  • Beyoncé
  • Ed Burke
  • Bill Kirstein
The video features various shots of Beyoncé, who appears dressed in lingerie for most of the time.[83]
"Mine" Beyoncé
(feat. Drake)
Pierre Debusschere[73] Picking up on the theme of isolation from the lyrics that begins the song which shows a couple kissing with their heads enshrouded by white fabric.[84]
"XO" Beyoncé Terry Richardson[73] The music video was filmed in Coney Island.[85]
"Flawless" + remix with Nicki Minaj version Beyoncé
(feat. Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie)
Jake Nava[73] Throughout the video, she is seen lyp-syncing the lyrics of the song and moving in accordance with its melody while the camera focuses only on her with a dance moment.[86]
"Superpower" Beyoncé
(feat. Frank Ocean)
Jonas Akerlund[73] The video was shot in a real shopping mall that was closed down years ago, in Los Angeles. Pharrell Williams, Kelly Rowland and Michelle Williams appeared in the music video.[87]
"Heaven" Beyoncé
  • Beyoncé
  • Todd Tourso
The video was shot in Puerto Rico. The video shows happy visuals of two girls who are best friends doing all amazing things, and then at the end of the video, it was one of the girls' bucket lists, and she’s dead.[86]
"Blue" Beyoncé
(feat. Blue Ivy)
  • Beyoncé
  • Ed Burke
  • Bill Kirstein
The video is intimate and it is a touching nanny diary of two-year-old Blue vacationing in Rio de Janeiro.[88]
"Grown Woman" Beyoncé Jake Nava[73] The video shows footage of the singer as a teen. But all the footage were filmed in the present day.[89]
2014 "Run" Jay-Z (feat. Beyoncé) Melina Matsoukas[90] The music video was revealed to be a "faux-trailer" entitled "RUN", featuring "Part II (On the Run)" in the background. The video, which features multiple celebrity cameos including Don Cheadle, Guillermo Díaz, Jake Gyllenhaal, Kidada Jones, Rashida Jones, Blake Lively, Emmy Rossum and Sean Penn, shows Beyoncé and Jay-Z out on a Bonnie and Clyde expedition, filled with action, crime, love and guns.[91]
"Say Yes" Michelle Williams
(feat. Beyonce and Kelly Rowland)
Matthew A. Cherry The clip depicts the three singers at a street party, dancing and singing with a crowd; along with solo appearances of each singer in a forest, wearing white clothes.[92]
2015 "7/11" Beyoncé Beyoncé The clip was shot in the style of a home-made visual with the singer dancing at various locations: patio, balcony, hotel suite, a bathroom and in front of a Christmas tree.[93]
"Feeling Myself" Nicki Minaj
(feat. Beyoncé)
Todd Thurso The video was released exclusively on Tidal.[94]
"Runnin' (Lose It All)" Naughty Boy
(feat. Beyoncé & Arrow Benjamin)
Charlie Robins The video depicts a woman and a man chasing each other underwater, portrayed by freedivers Guillaume Néry and Alice Modolo.[95][96]
2016 "Formation" Beyoncé Melina Matsoukas Shot in New Orleans, Louisiana, the video features references to Hurricane Katrina, antebellum, and Louisiana Creole culture, besides dealing with police brutality and racism.[97]


  1. ^ An alternative version of "Me, Myself and I" leaked onto the internet on May 29, 2010. Unlike the original video this version does not go in reverse and includes a couple wardrobe changes and added scenes.[8]
  2. ^ An alternate video for "Halo" made its way onto the internet in May 2010. It shows Knowles driving down windy roads to find her love interest only to discover that he has been killed by police. This version of the video contains clips of the original but most are replaced with her love interest getting mauled by dogs and Knowles finding him dead and thinking back on kinder memories.[40]
  3. ^ Two alternate versions of the "Ego" video were released; a video for the song's remix with Kanye West shows scenes of the rapper in a room with a followspot,[42] while a "fan-exclusive" cut features different camera angles.[43]
  4. ^ The music video was shot in February 2010. A teaser was leaked in March 2011 (more than a year later), but the video remains unreleased. According to Keys' publicist "Presently, there are no plans to release the video."[54]

Miscellaneous videos[edit]


Live albums[edit]

List of albums, with selected chart positions
Title Album details Peak chart positions on DVDs charts Certifications
Live at Wembley
  • Released: April 26, 2004
  • Label: Columbia
  • Formats: DVD, digital download
1 1 5 5 2
The Beyoncé Experience Live
  • Released: November 16, 2007
  • Label: Columbia
  • Formats: DVD, digital download
2 8 12 9 2 22
I Am... Yours: An Intimate Performance at Wynn Las Vegas
  • Released: November 20, 2009
  • Label: Columbia
  • Formats: DVD, digital download
1 11 4 47
I Am... World Tour
  • Released: November 30, 2010
  • Label: Columbia
  • Formats: DVD, digital download
1 6 9 6 1 5
Live at Roseland: Elements of 4
  • Released: November 21, 2011
  • Label: Columbia
  • Formats: DVD, digital download
2 3 8 2 1 8
Life Is But a Dream / Live in Atlantic City
  • Released: November 25, 2013
  • Label: Columbia, Parkwood
  • Formats: DVD, Blu-ray
1 2 9 5 2 1
  • Released: November 24, 2014
  • Label: Columbia, Parkwood
  • Formats: DVD, Blu-ray
"—" denotes items which were not released in that country or failed to chart.

Compilation video albums[edit]

List of albums, with selected chart positions
Title Album details Peak chart positions on DVDs charts
Beyoncé: The Ultimate Performer
  • Released: November 26, 2006
  • Label: Columbia
  • Formats: DVD
20 13 17

Music video albums[edit]

Title Album details Notes
BET Presents Beyoncé
  • Released: September 4, 2006
  • Label: BET
  • Format: DVD
Video Triple Play
B'Day Anthology Video Album
  • Released: April 3, 2007
  • Label: Columbia
  • Format: DVD
Video Triple Play
  • Released: September 4, 2007
  • Label: Sony BMG
  • Format: Digital download
Above and Beyoncé – Video Collection & Dance Mixes
  • Released: June 16, 2009
  • Label: Columbia
  • Format: DVD, digital download
  • Contains seven music videos and "behind the scenes" footage.
  • Sold 14,000 copies in its first week,[121] and reached number thirty-five on the Billboard 200[122]
Live at Roseland: Elements of 4
  • Released: November 29, 2011
  • Label: Columbia
  • Format: DVD
  • A two-disc DVD, that contains the complete concert, bonus offstage footage, a 20-page booklet and seven music videos.[123]


This is a chronologically-ordered list of films and television shows in which Beyoncé has appeared.


Year Film Character Notes
2001 Carmen: A Hip Hopera Carmen Brown Lead role
2002 Austin Powers in Goldmember Foxxy Cleopatra[124] Lead Role
2003 The Fighting Temptations Lilly[125] Lead Role
2006 The Pink Panther Xania[126] Supporting Role
2006 Dreamgirls Deena Jones[126] Lead Role
2008 Cadillac Records Etta James[127] Supporting Role
2009 Obsessed Sharon Charles[128] Lead Role
Epic Queen Tara[129] Voice role


Year Commercial Notes
2001 Pepsi's Carmen Carmen: A Hip Hopera song
2003 Pepsi with Jennifer Lopez & David Beckham
True Star[130] Fragrance
2004 Pepsi Music 2004 with Britney Spears & P!nk
2005 Wal-Mart Christmas with Destiny's Child
2007 American Express[131] In July 2007, Knowles was recruited by American Express Company for filming a commercial.[132] The AmEx ad was shot by famed photographer Annie Leibovitz in Charlotte, North Carolina, on July 29, 2007. It also features her mom Tina Knowles.[131]
Samsung F300
Direct TV[133] Portions of the music video for "Upgrade U" was re-shot and used as a commercial advertising high definition satellite television from DirecTV.[134]
L'Oreal Infallible
Diamonds[135] In this commercial which Knowles did to promote Emporio Armani's Diamonds, she sings her own version of the Marilyn Monroe's classic "Diamonds Are a Girl's Best Friend" (1949).[136]
2008 American Express[137] Knowles teamed with Ellen DeGeneres for this spot.[137] In the ad, Knowles tells DeGeneres to "have your people call my people" for her concert tickets. DeGeneres begins a search to "find my people" who can get her into the show before relying on her American Express card. In August 2008, H&R Block has filed a lawsuit against American Express for trademark infringement, claiming that the usage of the word 'people' several times was copied from the formers' ad.[138]
L'Oreal Feria Hair Color[139] The ad for the Feria hair-color product also features Solange. It shows Knowles with windblown blonde hair and a skin tone that the New York Post dubbed "shocking." As images from the ad in the September issue of Elle Magazine hit news stands, bloggers and critics started claiming that the pictures appeared to have been altered to give the singer lighter skin. Compared to other images of Knowles, the latter's skin tone did appear to be several shades lighter in the ad. While Knowles herself did not make any comments about the controversy, a L'Oréal spokesperson denied the charges: "We highly value our relationship with Ms. Knowles. It is categorically untrue that L'Oréal Paris altered Ms. Knowles' features or skin tone in the campaign."[139]
2009 L'Oreal True Match[140] Knowles stars alongside Eva Longoria and Elizabeth Banks. The ad features the three L'Oreal Paris spokespeople talking about the brand's new True Match Super-Blendable Compact Makeup SPF 17. The company stated that this new makeup features a creamy yet ultra-light texture that glides onto skin – mimicking skin tone and texture – while providing the same flawless, natural finish of a liquid makeup.[140]
Crystal Geyser[141] "Sweet Dreams" is used in the commercial Knowles did for Crystal Geyser. On it she appears dancing and drinking water while the song is played in the background.[142]
"Rhythm Heaven"[143] Nintendo hired Knowles to push its wares on the mainstream market. In the spot, she adores the upcoming DSi handheld and quirky music game Rhythm Heaven.[143]
Helping Hand[144] Knowles also teamed up with the "Show Your Helping Hand" hunger relief initiative and General Mills Hamburger Helper. The goal was to help Feeding America deliver more than 3.5 million meals to local food banks. "Halo (Beyoncé Knowles song)" was used as the backing music for the commercial. Knowles encouraged her fans to bring non-perishable groceries to her US concert tour stops.[145]
2010 Style Savvy/Style Boutique[146] Knowles shot two commercials for Style Savvy, a new fashion video game for the Nintendo DS and Nintendo DSi. Five designs from the real-life Deréon clothing line co-created by Knowles herself and her mother/designer Tina, were later available for download in Style Savvy.[146]
Vizio LCD HDTV[147] Promoted Vizio's line of Internet-connected televisions. Directed Wally Pfister and aired during the Super Bowl XLV.[148]
Heat Features Knowles writhing against a bathroom wall in a barely-there red dress to the strains of her cover of "Fever". In the UK it was deemed unsuitable for airing at a time when younger children may be viewing television.[149]
Vizio LCD HDTV Directed by Jake Nava, Knowles is shown battling herself for a man's attention. Includes "Why Don’t You Love Me".[150][151]
L'Oréal Infallible[153] Knowles applies L'Oréal Infallible lipstick[153]
2011 L'Oréal Paris Féria[154] Promoting L'Oréal Paris Féria hair color, and uses the track "Naughty Girl"[154]
Target Corporation Promoting the Target-exclusive deluxe edition of 4, featuring tracks "1+1" and "Countdown"[155]
2012 L'Oreal True Match Promotes L'Oréal Paris True Match Makeup, using her varied ethnic backgrounds.
2013 H&M Filmed in the Bahamas. Set to include a new Beyonce song "Standing On The Sun".
Pepsi Promoting the Pepsi brand through a 50-million dollar deal. The commercial featured the new song "Grown Woman". An official full-length music video for "Grown Woman" was later included as a "bonus video" on Knowles self-titled fifth studio album.
O2 Promoting the Mrs. Carter World Tour in the United Kingdom.
Gucci Promoting Chime for Change, a Gucci campaign that works to empower women around the world. An early instrumental of "Pretty Hurts" can be heard in the background of the commercial.


Year TV Show Role Notes
1998 Smart Guy Herself "A Date With Destiny" (Season 3, Episode 10)
2000 The Famous Jett Jackson[156] Herself "Backstage Pass" (Season 3, episode 16)[157]
2001 Carmen: A Hip Hopera Carmen Brown[158] Lead Role
2003 The Wayne Brady Show[159] Herself Promoting The Fighting Temptations
2004 Fade to Black[160] Herself Mocumentary Film
2005 All of Us[161] Herself "Kindergarten Confidential" (Season 1, episode 4)
2007 My Night at the Grammys[162] Herself Interview
2009 Wow! Wow! Wubbzy!: Wubb Idol[163] Shine Voiced as Glisten, Sparkle and Shine
Beyoncé: For the Record[164] Herself In-depth interview
2010 Britain's Next Top Model, Cycle 6[165] Herself Guest star
2011 American Idol (season 10) Herself Mentor/Finale guest performer
Beyoncé: Year of 4 Herself Promotion for 4
The X Factor (Australia) (season 3) Herself Mentor/Guest judge
A Night with Beyoncé Herself A ITV music special which aired on 4 December 2011, hosted by Steve Jones. Beyonce answers questions from some of her fans and performs some of her classic hits including Crazy in Love, At Last, Irreplaceable, End of Time, If I Were a Boy, 1+1, Countdown, Best Thing I Never Had, and Single Ladies (Put a Ring on It). This exclusive one-off special also contains some never seen before footage.
2013 Life Is But a Dream[166][167] Herself HBO documentary film directed by Beyoncé which aired on 16 February.
Beyoncé: Finding Her Destiny Herself CNN 30-minute documentary which aired 9 February.
2014 On the Run Tour: Beyoncé and Jay Z[168] Herself (with Jay-Z) 155 minute HBO concert special showing the recorded On the Run Tour shows in Paris, which aired on September 20.
Beyoncé: Fierce and Fabulous Herself A documentary about Beyoncé's career from being in Destiny's Child to a solo artist, as well as her marriage to Jay-Z and her parents getting divorced.
2015 The BET Life Of...Beyonce Herself The story of Beyoncé's earlier days, from Destiny's Child to being a solo singer and actress. This documentary includes rare interview footage, and classic performances from Beyoncé including Bootylicious, Check It Out, Crazy In Love, Déjà Vu, Single Ladies (Put A Ring On It), and more.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "I Got That - Beyoncé & Amil". Vevo. Retrieved April 10, 2011. 
  2. ^ "I Got That - Beyoncé & Amil". Totally Fuzzy. Retrieved April 11, 2011. 
  3. ^ a b Moss, Corey (May 23, 2002). "Beyonce, Britney Serve Up First Singles From 'Goldmember' – MTV Movie News". MTV News. MTV Networks. Retrieved April 9, 2011. 
  4. ^ a b Reid, Shaheem; Calloway, Sway (October 14, 2002). "Jay-Z Says He Would Have Liked To Be On Braxton Track". MTV News. MTV Networks. Retrieved April 9, 2011. 
  5. ^ Marcos Chin (September 30, 2004). "Jake Nava". Vibe. Retrieved April 9, 2011. 
  6. ^ "Beyonce 'Crazy In Love'". Making the Video. MTV Networks. June 2003.  Missing or empty |series= (help);
  7. ^ a b Reid, Shaheem (August 20, 2003). "Sean Paul Appears in the Flesh In Beyoncé's 'Baby Boy' Clip". MTV News. MTV Networks. Retrieved April 9, 2011. 
  8. ^ "Video: Beyoncé – ‘Me, Myself and I’ (Alternate Version)". Rap-Up. May 29, 2010. Retrieved April 10, 2011. 
  9. ^ a b "Total Request Live – Me, Myself and I video premiere : December 10, 2003". Total Request Live. December 10, 2003. MTV Networks. 
  10. ^ a b Patel, Joseph (March 15, 2004). "Beyoncé Dances, Flirts With Usher In 'Naughty Girl' Video". MTV News. MTV Networks. Retrieved April 9, 2011. 
  11. ^ a b Margeaux Watson (April 14, 2006). "Harold Hype Williams talks about his music videos". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved January 6, 2011. 
  12. ^ "Check on It". Making the Video. Season 12. MTV. 
  13. ^ Spera, Keith (June 23, 2006). "Spare Notes". The Times-Picayune. Ashton Phelps Jr. Retrieved April 9, 2011. 
  14. ^ "Ring the Alarm – Beyoncé". Retrieved April 9, 2011. 
  15. ^ Haynes, Eb (September 20, 2006). "B'Day". AllHipHop. Retrieved April 9, 2011. 
  16. ^ MTV News staff (July 24, 2006). "For The Record: Quick News On Beyoncé, Justin Timberlake, Haylie Duff, Jet, Metallica, Nick Lachey & More". MTV News. MTV Networks. Retrieved April 9, 2011. 
  17. ^ Moore, Natalie Y. (November 17, 2006). "Beyoncé's Bootyful B'Day". In These Times. Institute for Public Affairs. Retrieved April 9, 2011. 
  18. ^ Goodman, Elizabeth (July 26, 2006). "Scandal of the Day: Beyoncé Too Skanky For Her Fans?". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on May 25, 2009. Retrieved April 9, 2011. 
  19. ^ Ring The Alarm (Fans Only Version) by Beyoncé Music Video on Yahoo! Music
  20. ^ Moore, Natalie (November 17, 2006). "Beyoncé's Bootyful B’Day". In These Times. Institute for Public Affairs. Retrieved April 9, 2011. 
  21. ^ Jose Antonio Vargas (September 9, 2006). "Beyonce, Trying To Find Her Own Destiny". The Washington Post. Katharine Weymouth. Retrieved April 9, 2011. 
  22. ^ "Irreplaceable". October 17, 2006. Retrieved April 9, 2011. 
  23. ^ Reid, Shaheem (September 6, 2011). "Beyoncé's 'Irreplaceable' Guy Had A Tough Time Getting Dumped: VMA Lens Recap". MTV News. MTV Networks. Retrieved April 9, 2011. 
  24. ^ "Listen". MTV. November 28, 2006. Retrieved January 4, 2011. 
  25. ^ Martel, Diane – Director (2006). Listen (Music video). United States: Sony BMG. 
  26. ^ "Beautiful Liar". Retrieved April 9, 2011. 
  27. ^ a b c d Vineyard, Jennifer. "Beyonce: Behind The B’Day Videos". MTV News. MTV Networks. Retrieved April 9, 2011. 
  28. ^ a b c d e Vineyard, Jennifer. "Beyonce: Behind The B’Day Videos". MTV News. MTV Networks. Retrieved April 9, 2011. 
  29. ^ "Green Light". Retrieved April 9, 2011. 
  30. ^ "Flaws and All". MTV. March 28, 2007. Retrieved April 8, 2011. 
  31. ^ "Beyoncé vs. Justin: VMA Dance Off?". MTV News. MTV Networks. August 9, 2007. Retrieved April 9, 2011. 
  32. ^ a b c Vineyard, Jennifer. "Beyoncé: Behind The B’Day Videos". MTV News. MTV Networks. Retrieved April 9, 2011. 
  33. ^ "Freakum Dress". March 28, 2007. Retrieved April 9, 2011. 
  34. ^ Montgomery, James (September 12, 2009). "Beyoncé's VMA-Nominated 'Single Ladies' Video Began As An Afterthought". MTV News. MTV Networks. Retrieved April 9, 2011. 
  35. ^ a b "Beyonce Turns The Tables In 'Boy' Video". Billboard. Retrieved April 9, 2011. 
  36. ^ Miller, Sidney (November 27, 2008). "I Am... Sasha Fierce". Black Radio Exclusive. Retrieved April 9, 2011. 
  37. ^ Dan Cairns (May 10, 2009). "YouTube plays part in Beyoncé Knowles' life". The Times (London). Retrieved April 9, 2011. 
  38. ^ a b "Videos: Beyoncé – 'Halo' & 'Diva'". Rap-Up. December 23, 2009. Retrieved April 9, 2011. 
  39. ^ "Copycat Beyoncé strikes again... but this time she's borrowing her husband Jay-Z's moves". Daily Mail. January 7, 2009. Retrieved April 9, 2011. 
  40. ^ "Video: Beyoncé – ‘Halo’ (Alternate Version)". Rap-Up. May 20, 2010. Retrieved April 10, 2011. 
  41. ^ "Video: Beyoncé – 'Halo' (Alternate Version)". Rap-Up. May 20, 2010. Retrieved April 9, 2011. 
  42. ^ "Video: Beyoncé F/ Kanye West – ‘Ego (Remix)’". Rap Up. June 15, 2009. Retrieved April 10, 2011. 
  43. ^ Knowles,Beyoncé; Gatson, Frank – Directors (2009). Ego (Fan Exclusive) (Music video). 
  44. ^ a b Anitai, Tamar (May 28, 2009). "S+++ You So Need To Get: Beyonce's Stuart Weitzman 'Ego' Heels". MTV News. MTV Networks. Retrieved April 9, 2011. 
  45. ^ Vozick, Simon (March 10, 2009). "Beyoncé talks world tour, new videos". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved April 9, 2011. 
  46. ^ "Broken Hearted Girl – Beyoncé". Vevo. Retrieved April 9, 2011. 
  47. ^ "Video: Beyoncé – 'Broken-Hearted Girl'". Rap-Up. June 16, 2009. Retrieved September 15, 2009. 
  48. ^ "Video: Beyoncé – 'Sweet Dreams'". Rap-Up. July 8, 2009. Retrieved April 9, 2011. 
  49. ^ Montgomery, James (July 9, 2009). "Beyoncé Gets Crazy, Sexy, Cool In 'Sweet Dreams' Video". MTV News. MTV Networks. Retrieved April 9, 2011. 
  50. ^ a b Montgomery, James (November 17, 2009). "Beyoncé And Lady Gaga's 'Video Phone' Clip: A Brightly Colored Fantasy Set To Life". MTV News. MTV Networks. Retrieved April 9, 2011. 
  51. ^ a b Montogomery, Jason (March 11, 2010). "Lady Gaga Premieres Epic, Outrageous 'Telephone' Video". MTV News. MTV Networks. Retrieved April 9, 2011. 
  52. ^ Ganz, Caryn (March 11, 2010). "Lady Gaga and Beyoncé Unleash Orgy of Sex, Violence, Product Placement in "Telephone" Video". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on April 9, 2011. Retrieved April 9, 2011. 
  53. ^ Vena, Jocelyn; Montalto, Daniel (February 12, 2010). "Beyoncé, Lady Gaga Are 'Magical' In 'Telephone' Video, Semi Precious Weapons Say". MTV News. MTV Networks. Retrieved April 9, 2011. 
  54. ^ Tanner Stransky (March 10, 2010). "Beyoncé and Alicia Keys' 'Put It In a Love Song' video: Watch a delightful preview here". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved April 9, 2011. 
  55. ^ "On Set of Alicia Keys & Beyoncé's 'Put It in a Love Song' Video". Rap-Up. February 9, 2010. Retrieved April 9, 2011. 
  56. ^ a b c Rodriguez, Jayson (May 4, 2010). "Beyonce Plays Suffering Housewife In 'Why Don't You Love Me' Video". MTV News. Retrieved April 10, 2011.  Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "suffering" defined multiple times with different content (see the help page).
  57. ^ "BEYONCÉ’S ‘GIRLS’ VIDEO WILL BE ONE OF HER BIGGEST EVER, SAYS DIRECTOR". Rap-Up. April 18, 2011. Retrieved April 18, 2011. 
  58. ^ "Video: Beyoncé – ‘Run the World (Girls)’". Rap-Up. May 18, 2011. Retrieved May 19, 2011. 
  59. ^ Crasher, Gate (June 20, 2011). "Beyoncé's mama Tina Knowles has more of a diva attitude than the 'Bootylicious' singer". Daily News. Retrieved June 20, 2011. 
  60. ^ "VIDEO: BEYONCÉ – ‘BEST THING I NEVER HAD’". Rap-Up. July 7, 2011. Retrieved August 3, 2011. 
  61. ^ a b c Beyonce shoots new videos for '4' albums tracks DigitalSpy. Retrieved 2011-08-03.
  62. ^ "WATCH THE "1+1" VIDEO PREMIERE TONIGHT ON E!". Retrieved August 24, 2011. 
  63. ^ ""Watch The '1+1' Viideo Premiere Tonight On E!".". Rap-Up. August 25, 2011. Retrieved August 26, 2011. 
  64. ^ iTunes – Musikvideos – "Countdown (Single Version) [Single Version]" von Beyoncé
  65. ^ "Beyoncé to Shoot Video for "Countdown"". Complex. August 2, 2011. Retrieved August 3, 2011. 
  66. ^ DON'T MISS BEYONCÉ ON 'SUNDAY NIGHT' ON CHANNEL 7 | The Official Beyoncé Site
  67. ^ Video: Beyonce – Love On Top | Xclusives Zone
  68. ^ || Sneak Peek: Beyoncé – ‘Love on Top’
  69. ^ Beyoncé To Release "Live At Roseland" DVD Next Month | The Official Beyoncé Site
  70. ^ "VIDEO: BEYONCÉ F/ J. COLE – ‘PARTY’". Rap-Up. October 26, 2011. Retrieved October 27, 2011. 
  71. ^ a b c Gayles, Contessa (November 28, 2011). "Beyonce 'Dance for You' Video: A Pre-Baby Bump Chair Dance". The Boombox. AOL. Retrieved November 28, 2011. 
  72. ^ a b c "Beyoncé to Celebrate World Humanitarian Day with 'I Was Here' video". Rap-Up. August 2, 2012. Retrieved August 3, 2012. 
  73. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p "BEYONCÉ Available Worldwide Now". Parkwood Entertainment / Columbia Records. PR Newswire. December 13, 2013. Retrieved December 13, 2013. 
  74. ^
  75. ^
  76. ^
  77. ^
  78. ^
  79. ^
  80. ^
  81. ^
  82. ^
  83. ^
  84. ^
  85. ^
  86. ^ a b
  87. ^
  88. ^
  89. ^
  90. ^ Rivera, Zayda (May 18, 2014). "Jay Z, Beyonce release star-studded, high crime promo for On the Run Tour". Daily News. Retrieved May 18, 2014. 
  91. ^
  92. ^ Davidson, Amy (May 21, 2014). "Destiny's Child reunion: Beyoncé, Rowland on new Michelle Williams song". Digital Spy. Hearst Corporation. Retrieved August 12, 2014. 
  93. ^
  94. ^ "VIDEO: NICKI MINAJ FEAT. BEYONCÉ – ‘FEELING MYSELF’". Rap-Up. May 18, 2015. Retrieved May 18, 2015. 
  95. ^ Murray, Darla (September 21, 2015). "What It Was Like to Shoot the Breathtaking Underwater Video for That New Beyoncé Song". Cosmopolitan. Retrieved September 24, 2015. 
  96. ^ "Watch Naughty Boy's Latest Underwater Video for 'Runnin' (Lose It All)' Feat. Beyoncé". Time. 18 September 2015. Retrieved 19 September 2015. 
  97. ^ Sisavat, Monica (February 6, 2016). "9 Celebrity Reactions That Perfectly Describe How You Felt When Beyoncé Dropped "Formation"". Pop Sugar. Retrieved February 7, 2016. 
  98. ^ Peak chart positions for DVDs in Australia:
  99. ^ Peak chart positions for DVDs in Italy:
  100. ^ Peak chart positions for DVDs in Netherlands:
  101. ^ "Music Video Top 40 Archive : Week Ending January 8, 2011". The Official Charts Company. Retrieved April 5, 2011. 
  102. ^ a b c d e f "Gold & Platinum – Searchable Database – Beyoncé Knowles Video Longform". Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved April 6, 2011. 
  103. ^ "ARIA Charts – Accreditations – 2006 DVDs". Australian Recording Industry Association. Retrieved April 6, 2011. 
  104. ^ a b c d "BPI – Certified Awards Search: Beyoncé Knowles". British Phonographic Industry. Retrieved September 3, 2013. 
  105. ^ "Certifications Video Platine - année 2004". Syndicat National de l'Édition Phonographique. Retrieved September 17, 2011. 
  106. ^ "ARIA Charts – Accreditations – 2009 DVDs". Australian Recording Industry Association. Retrieved April 6, 2011. 
  107. ^ "ARIA Charts – Accreditations – 2010 DVDs". Australian Recording Industry Association (ARIA). Retrieved April 6, 2011. 
  108. ^ "ARIA Charts – Accreditations – 2011 DVDs". Australian Recording Industry Association (ARIA). Retrieved December 18, 2011. 
  109. ^ "Top 40 DVD Chart". Australian Recording Industry Association (ARIA). Retrieved December 18, 2011. 
  110. ^ "Certifications Video Or - année 2012". Syndicat National de l'Édition Phonographique (SNEP). Retrieved February 2, 2013. 
  111. ^ "ARIA Music DVDs Chart". ARIA Charts. December 16, 2013. Archived from the original on December 14, 2013. 
  112. ^ "SNEP Certifications". SNEP. Retrieved February 16, 2015. 
  113. ^ Peak chart positions for DVDs in US:
  114. ^ Peak chart positions for DVDs in Italy:
  115. ^ "Top 20 DVD Musical" (PDF). Productores de Música de España. Retrieved May 24, 2013. 
  116. ^ "BET Presents Beyonce B'Day DVD (2006)". Amazon US Amazon Inc. Retrieved April 12, 2011. 
  117. ^ "Video Triple Play". iTunes Store US Apple Inc. Retrieved April 12, 2011. 
  118. ^ "Top Music Videos". Billboard. April 28, 2007.  Note: subscription is required. Search for Top Music Videos April 28, 2007.
  119. ^ "Gold & Platinum: Search Results". Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved April 19, 2011. 
  120. ^ "Video Triple Play". iTunes Store US Apple Inc. Retrieved April 12, 2011. 
  121. ^ "Dancing Diva". Billboard 121 (26): 53. July 4, 2009. ISSN 0006-2510. 
  122. ^ "Above and Beyoncé: Video Collection & Dance Mixes – Billboard Albums". Allmusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved April 12, 2011. 
  123. ^ "Beyonce To Release 'Live At Reoseland' DVD Next Month". October 26, 2011. Retrieved 2011-10-27. 
  124. ^ Johnson, Malcolm (July 26, 2002). "Knowles Powers Her Way To Stardom". Hartford Courant. Archived from the original on April 9, 2011. Retrieved April 10, 2011. 
  125. ^ Fuchs, Cynthia (September 18, 2003). "The Fighting Temptations (2003)". PopMatters. Retrieved April 10, 2011. 
  126. ^ a b Otto, Jeff (February 8, 2006). "Interview: Beyonce Knowles". United States: IGN. News Corporation. Retrieved April 10, 2011. 
  127. ^ Adler, Shawn; Richard, Yasmine (November 25, 2008). "Beyonce, Etta James And 'Cadillac Records' Stars Come Out For Movie's Premiere". MTV News. MTV Networks. Retrieved April 10, 2011. 
  128. ^ Neumaier, Joe (April 24, 2009). "'Obsessed' starring Beyonce Knowles is more like 'Delayed Frustration' than 'Fatal Attraction'". Daily News. Retrieved April 10, 2011. 
  129. ^ Montgomery, James. "Beyonce Cast As Queen Tara In 3-D Animated Film 'Epic' Colin Ferrell, Amanda Seyfried and Aziz Ansari join Bey in the film, due in theaters May 2013.". MTV. Retrieved June 1, 2012. 
  130. ^,,656036,00.html
  131. ^ a b "Beyonce's American Express Ad". Just Jared. September 10, 2007. 
  132. ^ "Beyonce – "American Express" Commercial". Just Jared. August 6, 2007. 
  133. ^ Amelie Gillette (November 2, 2009). "Have You No Shame, Direct TV?". The A.V. Club. Retrieved April 11, 2011. 
  134. ^ Pete Fiutak (November 27, 2007). "Cavalcade of Whimsy – The Coaching Situations". Retrieved April 11, 2011. 
  135. ^ "Emporio Armani Diamonds Commercial Featuring Beyonce". CastTV. August 7, 2007. Retrieved April 12, 2011. 
  136. ^ "Beyonce’s Emporio Armani Diamond Ad". Wohoo (United Kingdom). August 9, 2007. Retrieved April 12, 2011. 
  137. ^ a b "Beyoncé Ellen AMEX Commercial". Rap Up. April 29, 2008. Retrieved April 11, 2011. 
  138. ^ Apryl Duncan (August 7, 2008). "American Express Sued Over Ellen DeGeneres and Beyonce Knowles Ad". The New York Times Company. Retrieved April 12, 2011. 
  139. ^ a b Kaufman, Gil (August 8, 2008). "L'Oreal Denies Altering Beyonce's Skin Color In Ad". MTV News. MTV Networks. Retrieved April 11, 2011. 
  140. ^ a b Kaufman, Gil (March 2, 2009). "Elizabeth Banks Joins Beyonce Knowles and Eva Longoria Parker for Her First TV Ad For L'Oreal Paris". PR Newswire. Retrieved April 11, 2011. 
  141. ^ "Crystal Geyser|大塚ベバレジ". Crystal Geyser. Retrieved April 11, 2011. 
  142. ^ "Crystal Geyser|大塚ベバレジ". Crystal Geyser. Retrieved April 11, 2011. 
  143. ^ a b Cavall, Earnest (March 26, 2009). "Beyonce Promotes Rhythm Heaven, Nintendo DSi". Wired News. Condé Nast Publications. Retrieved April 11, 2011. 
  144. ^ "Beyoncé Lends A Helping Hand". Rap Up. June 22, 2009. Retrieved April 11, 2011. 
  145. ^ Daly, Bridget (July 23, 2009). "Beyonce Lends a Helping Hand to Hungry Americans". Holly Scoop. DNA Group, Inc. Retrieved April 11, 2011. 
  146. ^ a b "Video: Behind The Scenes Of Beyoncé's Nintendo Commercial". Rap Up. February 2, 2010. Retrieved April 11, 2011. 
  147. ^ "Beyoncé Strikes A Pose For Super Bowl Commercial". Rap Up. February 6, 2010. Retrieved April 11, 2011. 
  148. ^ "Beyoncé's Super Bowl Commercial". Rap Up. February 7, 2010. Retrieved April 11, 2011. 
  149. ^ Turner, Mimi (November 17, 2010). "Beyonce's Perfume Ad Too Hot for U.K. TV". Billboard. Retrieved April 11, 2011. 
  150. ^ "Beyoncé Brings Back Sasha Fierce For Vizio Commercial". Rap Up. November 20, 2010. Retrieved April 11, 2011. 
  151. ^ "Beyoncé Battles Herself In Vizio Commercial". Rap Up. November 24, 2010. Retrieved April 11, 2011. 
  152. ^ "Beyonce C&A Commercial Pictures". Def Pen Radio. May 20, 2010. Retrieved June 26, 2011. 
  153. ^ a b Smith, Lauren Murdoch (July 15, 2010). "Beauty News Flash: Beyonce's Infallible!". Grazia Daily (United Kingdom). Retrieved April 11, 2011. 
  154. ^ a b "Beyoncé Whips Her Hair in L'Oreal Féria Commercial". Rap-Up. January 4, 2011. Retrieved April 11, 2011. 
  155. ^ "Beyoncé Returns to the Spotlight in Target Commercial [Video]". Rap-Up. June 22, 2011. Retrieved June 26, 2011. 
  156. ^ "The Famous Jett Jackson: Backstage Pass – Season 3, Episode 16". December 8, 2000. Retrieved 2012-01-02. 
  157. ^ "Backstage Pass" at the Internet Movie Database
  158. ^ Perriam, Christopher; Davies, Ann (December 1, 2005). Carmen: from silent film to MTV. Rodopi Publishers. p. 211. ISBN 978-90-420-1964-5. 
  159. ^ "The Wayne Brady Show (syndicated): 9/19/03 Episode Summary". September 19, 2003. Retrieved 2011-08-22. 
  160. ^ Fade to Black (2004) – IMDb
  161. ^ "Beyonce Is On All of Us Tonight – Sitcoms Online Message Boards – Forums". August 20, 2002. Retrieved 2011-08-22. 
  162. ^ My Night at the Grammys Episodes – My Night at the Grammys Episode Guides – Watch My Night at the Grammys Episodes |
  163. ^ "Wow! Wow! Wubbzy!: Wubb Idol: Beyonce, Jann Carl: Movies & TV". Retrieved 2011-08-22. 
  164. ^ Beyonce: For the Record (TV 2009) – IMDb
  165. ^ "Britain's Next Top Model Season 7 Episode Guide". Retrieved 2011-08-22. 
  166. ^
  167. ^
  168. ^ Carlson, Adam (September 21, 2014). "Jay Z and Beyoncé Are All Things to All People on HBO’s On The Run". Time. Retrieved September 22, 2014.