British Rail Class 322
|British Rail Class 322|
|Manufacturer||British Rail Engineering Limited|
|Built at||Holgate Road carriage works|
|Family name||BR Second Generation (Mark 3)|
|Number built||5 sets|
|Fleet numbers||322481 - 322485|
|Capacity||309 seats per set|
|Car length||19.95 m (65 ft 5 3⁄8 in)|
|Width||2.82 m (9 ft 3 in)|
|Height||3.78 m (12 ft 4 7⁄8 in)|
|Maximum speed||100 mph (161 km/h)|
|Weight||141.8 t (139.6 long tons)|
|Acceleration||0.55 m/s/s (2.0 km/(h⋅s); 1.2 mph/s)|
|Electric system(s)||25 kV 50 Hz AC overhead|
|Braking system(s)||Air (Westcode)|
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) standard gauge|
The British Rail Class 322 electric multiple units were built by British Rail Engineering Limited in 1990 for the Stansted Express service from London Liverpool Street to Stansted Airport. After becoming surplus to requirements on this route, the fleet saw further use with a number of other operators.
In 1987 British Rail (BR) was extending electrification north from London Liverpool Street towards Cambridge. Included in this plan was the construction of new branch line, diverging from the main line at Stansted Mountfitchet, to serve the newly built Stansted Airport, which opened in 1991. BR decided to build a dedicated fleet of units to work a new service, the Stansted Express.
The Class 322 units were built to the same basic design as the Class 321 units, which were still under construction for services on the Great Eastern Main Line and West Coast Main Line. Although the Stansted route fell under the jurisdiction of Network SouthEast (NSE), the units were delivered into service in a special white livery with a broad green band, instead of the more usual NSE blue/red/white livery.
Five 4-car units were built, numbered 322481–485. Each unit consisted of two outer driving trailers, an intermediate trailer and an intermediate motor coach. The technical description of the formation of each unit is DTCO+TSO+MSO+DTSO. Individual vehicles are numbered as follows:
- 78163–78167 – DTCO
- 72023–72027 – TSO
- 63137–63141 – MSO
- 77985–77989 – DTSO
The units were the last of a long line of BR multiple units to be based on the Mark 3 bodyshell design.
In July 2020 all were leased to Greater Anglia to operate services out of London Liverpool Street on the Great Eastern Main Line. They were leased to allow Class 360s to move to East Midlands Railway. All are scheduled to be replaced by Class 720s in 2021.
West Anglia Great Northern
In the lead up to the privatisation of British Rail, all were sold to Eversholt Rail Group. All passed with the franchise to West Anglia Great Northern in January 1997. Having been replaced by Class 317s on Stansted services, they began to operate on other WAGN services including on the East Coast Main Line from London King's Cross to Peterborough.
In December 2001, all were transferred to fellow National Express franchise ScotRail to replace Class 305s on the North Berwick Line. To facilitate their movement to Glasgow Shields Road TMD, they also operated limited services to Glasgow Central via the Carstairs line.
Having been deemed surplus by One, in July 2005 all returned to Scotland to operate with First ScotRail on the North Berwick Line. To provide cover while its Class 321s were overhauled, 322484 was hired to Northern Rail to operate Doncaster to Leeds services. In 2006/07, all were refurbished by Hunslet-Barclay, Kilmarnock with capacity increased from 252 to 293.
Having been superseded by Class 380s, all were transferred to Northern Rail in July and August 2011. Based at Neville Hill TMD, they operated services from Leeds to Doncaster, Bradford Forster Square, Skipton and Ilkley. Having passed with the franchise to Arriva Rail North and Northern Trains, all were replaced by Class 331s with the last withdrawn in May 2020.
|Unit Number||Current Livery||Vehicle Numbers||Current Operator|
|322481||Northern blue||78163||72023||63137||77985||Greater Anglia|
- "THE NORTHERN INTERIM FRANCHISE AGREEMENT" (PDF). Retrieved 22 April 2015.
- "Class 322 Technical data". TheRailwayCentre.Com. Retrieved 14 February 2011.
- "Class 322". Eversholt Rail. Retrieved 15 July 2020.
- New line for Stansted makes progess Rail issue 78 March 1988 page 15
- BREL EMU orders The Railway Magazine issue 1051 November 1988 page 687
- Stored stock makes way for deliveries of new vehicles Rail issue 904 6 May 2020 page 25
- All GA 755s in passenger service Rail issue 911 12 August 2020 page 29
- 25 Years of ROSCOs Railway Express issue 281 October 2019 page 20
- NWT livery for Class 322 Stansted units Rail issue 329 22 April 1998 page 12
- FNW cuts Euston-Manchester service Rail issue 355 21 April 1999 page 13
- First North Western to axe Manchester-London service The Railway Magazine issue 1178 June 1999 page 9
- ScotRail shuffles units as ex-Stansted 322s arrive Rail issue 427 23 January 2002 page 58
- Full 322 North Berwick service Rail issue 437 12 June 2002 page 10
- ScotRail's 322s to return south Rail issue 468 20 August 2003 page 9
- Class 322s return south Entrain issue 31 July 2004 page 25
- Class 322s return north Rail issue 519 3 August 2005 page 28
- 322s return to Scotland The Railway Magazine issue 1253 September 2005 page 71
- 322 for Leeds-Doncaster Entrain issue 45 September 2005 page 59
- First Class 322 is overhauled Rail issue 538 26 April 2006 page 25
- Final 322 Outshopped Rail issue 560 28 February 2007 page 50
- Class 322 moves south to Northern Rail issue 675 27 July 2011 page 26
- ScotRail Class 322s bow out Today's Railways UK issue 118 October 2011 page 66
- Moving In, Moving on, Moving Out The Railway Magazine issue 1404 March 2018 page 41
- Northern finishes with Dusty Bins Railways Illustrated July 2020 page 16
Media related to British Rail Class 322 at Wikimedia Commons