California's congressional districts

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California's congressional districts since 2023

California is the most populous U.S. state; as a result, it has the most representation in the United States House of Representatives, with 52 Representatives. Each Representative represents one congressional district.

Per the 2020 United States census, California lost a congressional seat which it had gained after the 2000 census, reducing its total seats from 53 to 52 starting from the 2022 elections and its subsequent 118th Congress.[1] This marked the first time in the state's history where it lost a seat.[2]

Current districts and representatives[edit]

List of members of the United States House delegation from California, their terms in office, district boundaries, and their political ratings according to the CPVI. The delegation for the 118th Congress had a total of 52 members, with 40 Democrats, 11 Republicans and 1 vacancy.

Current U.S. representatives from California
District Member
Party Incumbent since CPVI
District map
Doug LaMalfa
Republican January 3, 2013 R+12
Jared Huffman
(San Rafael)
Democratic January 3, 2013 D+23
Kevin Kiley
Republican January 3, 2023 R+4
Mike Thompson
(St. Helena)
Democratic January 3, 1999 D+17
Tom McClintock
(Elk Grove)
Republican January 3, 2009 R+9
Ami Bera
(Elk Grove)
Democratic January 3, 2013 D+7
Doris Matsui
Democratic March 10, 2005 D+17
John Garamendi
(Walnut Grove)
Democratic November 5, 2009 D+26
Josh Harder
Democratic January 3, 2019 D+5
Mark DeSaulnier
Democratic January 3, 2015 D+18
Nancy Pelosi
(San Francisco)
Democratic June 2, 1987 D+37
Barbara Lee
Democratic April 21, 1998 D+40
John Duarte
Republican January 3, 2023 D+4
Eric Swalwell
Democratic January 3, 2013 D+22
Kevin Mullin
(South San Francisco)
Democratic January 3, 2023 D+28
Anna Eshoo
Democratic January 3, 1993 D+26
Ro Khanna
Democratic January 3, 2017 D+23
Zoe Lofgren
(San Jose)
Democratic January 3, 1995 D+21
Jimmy Panetta
(Carmel Valley)
Democratic January 3, 2017 D+18
20th Vacant December 31, 2023 R+16
Jim Costa
Democratic January 3, 2005 D+9
David Valadao
Republican January 3, 2021 D+5
Jay Obernolte
(Big Bear Lake)
Republican January 3, 2021 R+8
Salud Carbajal
(Santa Barbara)
Democratic January 3, 2017 D+13
Raul Ruiz
Democratic January 3, 2013 D+6
Julia Brownley
(Westlake Village)
Democratic January 3, 2013 D+8
Mike Garcia
(Santa Clarita)
Republican May 19, 2020 D+4
Judy Chu
(Monterey Park)
Democratic July 14, 2009 D+16
Tony Cárdenas
(Los Angeles)
Democratic January 3, 2013 D+26
Adam Schiff
Democratic January 3, 2001 D+23
Grace Napolitano
Democratic January 3, 1999 D+15
Brad Sherman
(Los Angeles)
Democratic January 3, 1997 D+20
Pete Aguilar
Democratic January 3, 2015 D+12
Jimmy Gomez
(Los Angeles)
Democratic July 11, 2017 D+32
Norma Torres
Democratic January 3, 2015 D+13
Ted Lieu
Democratic January 3, 2015 D+21
Sydney Kamlager-Dove
(Los Angeles)
Democratic January 3, 2023 D+37
Linda Sánchez
Democratic January 3, 2003 D+14
Mark Takano
Democratic January 3, 2013 D+12
Young Kim
(Anaheim Hills)
Republican January 3, 2021 R+2
Ken Calvert
Republican January 3, 1993 R+3
Robert Garcia
(Long Beach)
Democratic January 3, 2023 D+22
Maxine Waters
(Los Angeles)
Democratic January 3, 1991 D+32
Nanette Barragán
(Los Angeles)
Democratic January 3, 2017 D+24
Michelle Steel
(Fountain Valley)
Republican January 3, 2021 D+2
Lou Correa
(Santa Ana)
Democratic January 3, 2017 D+15
Katie Porter
Democratic January 3, 2019 D+3
Darrell Issa
(San Diego)[9]
Republican January 3, 2021 R+9
Mike Levin
(San Juan Capistrano)
Democratic January 3, 2019 D+3
Scott Peters
(San Diego)
Democratic January 3, 2013 D+14
Sara Jacobs
(San Diego)
Democratic January 3, 2021 D+12
Juan Vargas
(San Diego)
Democratic January 3, 2013 D+18

Historical district boundaries[edit]


1992 court-ordered districting[edit]

The 1990 census gave California seven additional congressional seats. Legislative attempts to draw new districts failed, as Republican governor Pete Wilson vetoed all three plans made by the Democratic-controlled state legislature. In September 1991, the Supreme Court of California took over the redistricting process to break the stalemate and, under its direction, a panel of retired judges determined the boundaries of the new districts.[10][11]

2002 bipartisan redistricting[edit]

California's 38th congressional district, 2003-2013

After the 2000 census, the California State Legislature was obliged to complete redistricting[a] for House of Representatives districts (in accordance with Article 1, Section 4 of the United States Constitution) as well as California State Assembly and California State Senate districts. It was mutually decided by legislators that the status quo in terms of balance of power would be preserved - a so-called Incumbent Protection Plan.[12] A bipartisan gerrymandering effort was done, and districts were configured in such a way that they were dominated by one or the other party, with few districts that could be considered competitive. In some cases this resulted in extremely convoluted boundary lines.

In the 2004 elections, a win by less than 55 percent of the vote was quite rare. This was seen in only five out of 80 State Assembly seats and two out of 20 State Senate seats up for election. The congressional seats were even less competitive than the state legislative districts - just three of the 53 districts were won with less than 60 percent of the vote in 2004.

Citizens Redistricting Commission[edit]


Proposition 11, a California ballot proposition known as the Voters FIRST Act, was approved by the voters on November 4, 2008. It removed from the California Legislature the responsibility for drawing the state's congressional districts, and gave the responsibility instead to a 14-member Citizens Commission.[13] The U.S. Supreme Court upheld the constitutionality of removing the responsibility from the legislature. The proposition also required that the districts drawn up (1) comply with the federal Voting Rights Act; (2) make districts contiguous; (3) respect, to the extent possible, the integrity of cities, counties, neighborhoods and "communities of interest"; and (4) to the extent possible, make districts compact. Several of these terms are not defined in law.

Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger had earlier proposed placing the redistricting process in the hands of retired judges, which was on the November ballot as an initiative in a special election (called by the Governor on June 14, 2005), Proposition 77. The special election was held on November 8, 2005. However, the initiative was overwhelmingly defeated, with 59 percent voting no. All initiatives, including those proposed by the Governor's allies and several independent initiatives, failed that year.

The California Citizens Redistricting Commission certified final district maps on August 15, 2011, and they took effect with the 2012 election.[14] The new districts are described as more "purple" than "red" or "blue" - that is, more mixed in electoral composition compared to the mostly "safe" districts of the previous decade, where incumbents were almost guaranteed re-election. These new districts, combined with demographic trends over several decades that favored the Democratic party, resulted in a gain of four House of Representatives seats for California Democrats in the 2012 elections.


The 14-member Commission for 2020 is made up of five Republicans, five Democrats, and four members who are not affiliated with either party. Initial and supplemental applications were forwarded to a review panel consisting of three independent auditors from the CA State Auditor. This panel selected 120 of the "most qualified applicants", who were then personally interviewed and divided into three equal sub-pools according to party affiliation, and then narrowed down to 60 applicants.[15]

The review panel presented those 60 applicants to the California State Legislature, where leadership had the option of removing up to 24 names from the list, eight from each sub-pool. The names of the remaining applicants were submitted to the California State Auditor, who randomly drew three Democrats, three Republicans, and two from neither of those parties. These eight individuals became the first eight members of the commission, and they selected the remaining six members by selecting two commissioners from each of the three sub-pools.[15]

The commission received the official 2020 U.S. census data on which the maps must be based, by law, on September 21, 2021. Draft maps were released then on November 21, and final maps were submitted to the California Secretary of State on December 27, 2021.[16] The new districts are considered "enacted" as of December 27, 2021. However, there was a 90-day period for a referendum petition to be filed to prevent the maps from becoming effective. This referendum period ended on March 27, 2022, when the filing and campaign season for the 2022 primary election was already underway. Even after becoming effective, the newly redrawn districts did not become official until the 2022 primary and general elections, and the new districts did not actually exist until after the 2022 general election was complete.[17] Starting from the 2023 inaugurations, the existing boundaries and elected representatives are as shown above.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ The word "gerrymandering" is replaced with redistricting as the word "gerrymandering" refers, by definition, to the redrawing of districts to the advantage of a single party or for partisan gain.


  1. ^ Merica, Dan; Stark, Liz (April 26, 2021). "Census Bureau announces 331 million people in US, Texas will add two congressional seats". CNN. Retrieved April 26, 2021.
  2. ^ Mason, Melanie; Mehta, Seema (April 26, 2021). "California to lose a congressional seat, according to new census data". The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved April 26, 2021.
  3. ^ "Office of the Clerk, U.S. House of Representatives". Retrieved January 14, 2022.
  4. ^ "2022 Cook PVI: District Map and List". Cook Political Report. Retrieved January 5, 2023.
  5. ^ Washington, U. S. Capitol Room H154; p:225-7000, DC 20515-6601. "Doug LaMalfa (California (CA)), 118th Congress Profile". Office of the Clerk, U.S. House of Representatives. Retrieved December 1, 2023.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  6. ^ Washington, U. S. Capitol Room H154; p:225-7000, DC 20515-6601. "Eric Swalwell (California (CA)), 118th Congress Profile". Office of the Clerk, U.S. House of Representatives. Retrieved December 1, 2023.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  7. ^ Washington, U. S. Capitol Room H154; p:225-7000, DC 20515-6601. "Anna G. Eshoo (California (CA)), 118th Congress Profile". Office of the Clerk, U.S. House of Representatives. Retrieved December 1, 2023.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  8. ^ Washington, U. S. Capitol Room H154; p:225-7000, DC 20515-6601. "Raul Ruiz (California (CA)), 118th Congress Profile". Office of the Clerk, U.S. House of Representatives. Retrieved December 1, 2023.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  9. ^ Washington, U. S. Capitol Room H154; p:225-7000, DC 20515-6601. "Darrell Issa (California (CA)), 118th Congress Profile". Office of the Clerk, U.S. House of Representatives. Retrieved December 1, 2023.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  10. ^ "Supreme Court takes over remapping job". Sacramento Bee. September 26, 1991. Retrieved September 3, 2011.
  11. ^ "Court Remap Plan Could Cut Democrats' Clout in California". Washington Post. December 4, 1991. Retrieved September 3, 2011.[permanent dead link]
  12. ^ "Latinos May Gain Few Seats in Redistricting; Politics: Their push for more representation in Congress clashes with Democrats' desire to protect incumbents as district boundaries are redrawn". Los Angeles Times. August 26, 2001. Retrieved September 5, 2011.[permanent dead link]
  13. ^ "Citizens Commission website: background". Archived from the original on September 2, 2011. Retrieved September 3, 2011.
  14. ^ "California Citizens Redistricting Commission | "Fair Representation - Democracy at Work!"".
  15. ^ a b "About Us".
  16. ^ "Press Releases".
  17. ^ "What New Districts Mean".