Linda Sánchez

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Linda Sánchez
Linda Sánchez, 116th Congress, official photo.jpg
Vice Chair of the House Democratic Caucus
In office
January 3, 2017 – January 3, 2019
LeaderNancy Pelosi
Preceded byJoe Crowley
Succeeded byKatherine Clark
Member of the
U.S. House of Representatives
from California
Assumed office
January 3, 2003
Preceded bySteve Horn (Redistricting)
Constituency39th district (2003–2013)
38th district (2013–present)
Personal details
Born
Linda Teresa Sánchez

(1969-01-28) January 28, 1969 (age 53)
Orange, California, U.S.
Political partyDemocratic
Spouse(s)
James Sullivan
(m. 2009)
Children1
RelativesLoretta Sánchez (sister)
EducationUniversity of California, Berkeley (BA)
University of California, Los Angeles (JD)
WebsiteHouse website

Linda Teresa Sánchez (born January 28, 1969) is an American politician and former labor lawyer serving as the U.S. representative for California's 38th congressional district. A member of the Democratic Party, Sánchez was first elected to Congress in 2002. She serves on the Ways and Means Committee and is the previous ranking member on the House Ethics Committee. In the 114th Congress, she chaired the Congressional Hispanic Caucus.[1]

In 2016, Sánchez's colleagues elected her vice chair of the House Democratic Caucus for the 115th Congress, the fifth-ranking position in House Democratic leadership. She is the first woman of color ever to be elected to a leadership position in the history of the U.S. Congress.[2] She is the younger sister of former Congresswoman Loretta Sanchez; to date, they are the only pair of sisters to have served in Congress.

Early life, education and career[edit]

Sánchez was born on January 28, 1969, in Orange, California.[3] She grew up with six siblings, raised by Mexican immigrant parents in Anaheim, where she attended Valencia High School.[4] She earned her BA in Spanish[citation needed] in 1991 at the University of California, Berkeley, and her Juris Doctor degree in 1995 at the UCLA School of Law,[3] where she was an editor of the Chicano-Latino Law Review.[5]

Before her public service career, Sánchez was an attorney specializing in labor law. In 1998, she joined the International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers (IBEW) Local 441 and became a compliance officer.[6] From 2000 to 2002, she was executive secretary and treasurer of the Orange County branch of the AFL-CIO.[3]

Political campaigns[edit]

39th congressional district (2003-2013)[edit]

Sánchez started her political career in what was then the 39th district. That district had previously been the 38th, represented by five-term Republican Steve Horn. It already had a modest Democratic lean, but redistricting following the 2000 Census made it even more Democratic, prompting Horn to retire.

Sánchez finished first in a six-person primary for the Democratic nomination in March 2002. She won the primaries with 33.5% of the vote; the second-place candidate, Hector de la Torre, received 29.3%.[7] She went on to win the general election against Republican Tim Escobar, 54.9% to 40.8%. This made Sánchez the first woman IBEW member to be elected to Congress.[6]

She ran unopposed in the Democratic primaries in 2004. She faced Escobar again in the general election, defeating him 60.7% to 39.3%. In the 2006 election, she defeated two primary challengers with 77.8% of the vote and attorney James L. Andion in the general election.

Linda and her sister Loretta became the first pair of sisters to serve together in the U.S. House of Representatives.[8] Loretta represented an Orange County district from 1996 until she announced her candidacy for U.S. Senate.[9] She finished second in California's "top two" primary, and was defeated by fellow Democrat, then state attorney general, now Vice President Kamala Harris, in the 2016 general election.

38th congressional district (2013–present)[edit]

After the 2010 census, Sánchez's district was renumbered the 38th district. In the upcoming election she faced Republican Ryan Downing.[10]

U.S. House of Representatives[edit]

Congresswoman Sánchez participates in Long Beach's Veterans Day celebration.

Committee assignments[edit]

Party leadership and caucus memberships[edit]

Sánchez has two committee assignments in the House: the Committee on Ethics and the United States House Committee on Ways and Means. In 2005, she was appointed Assistant Minority Whip. She is a member of the Congressional Hispanic Caucus and co-chairs the Congressional Labor and Working Families Caucus, which she co-founded. She is also a vice chair of the Congressional LGBT Equality Caucus.

Political positions[edit]

Abortion[edit]

Sánchez is pro-choice and has voted against repealing federal funding for abortions. She opposed legislation to bar transporting minors between states for abortions and making it a crime to harm a fetus in another crime.[17] According to research by Project Vote Smart:[18]

  • Sánchez "supported the interests of the National Right to Life Committee 0 percent in 2010."[19]
  • On October 13, 2011, Sánchez "strongly opposed" the Protect Life Act (H.R. 358).[20]
  • Sánchez supported the interests of NARAL Pro-Choice America.[21]
  • Sánchez has voted against many anti-abortion bills, such as the Abortion Pain Bill, prohibiting federally funded abortion services, prohibiting taxpayer funding of abortion, and the Child Interstate Abortion Notification Act.[18]

She opposed the overturning of Roe v. Wade.[22]

Budget and economy[edit]

Sánchez voted against spending prioritizing in the event the debt limit is reached. In 2009, she supported a $192 billion anti-recession stimulus package, an $825 billion bailout fund,[17] a $15 billion bailout for GM and Chrysler, and a $60 billion stimulus package. She voted in 2011 to raise the debt limit to $16.7 trillion.[17] She opposes any move to privatize Social Security.[17] As of 2014, she supported reducing defense spending to balance the budget.[18]

Civil rights[edit]

Sánchez received a 100% rating from the NAACP, indicating a pro–affirmative action position.[17] She supports gay rights and opposes discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender.[17] On October 4, 2011, Sánchez made a statement on LGBT History Month, saying: "We must continue to strive to end discrimination in the workplace based on sexual orientation and fight so that all Americans have the right to marry and start families with those they love. I remain committed to supporting marriage equality, investments in HIV/AIDS care, treatment and research, and campaigns that take action against bullying in schools."[23]

In a February 9, 2010, letter to President Barack Obama, then-Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi, and Senator Charles Schumer, Sánchez wrote: "Currently, U.S. citizens and legal permanent residents may sponsor their spouses (and other immediate family members) for immigration purposes. But same-sex partners committed to spending their lives together are not recognized as 'families' under U.S. immigration law and thus do not have this same right. [...] This is unacceptable, and we believe comprehensive immigration reform legislation must include a strong family reunification component inclusive of LGBT families."[24]

Drug policy[edit]

Sánchez supports drug reform and allowing people with drug-related convictions to receive student loans if they are deemed to be rehabilitated.[17] She also seeks to expunge records of first-time drug offenders after probation.[17]

Energy & oil[edit]

Sánchez opposes new exploration for oil drilling and would remove tax benefits for oil and gas exploration. She has also opposed permits and construction for new oil refineries.[17] She supports tax credits and incentives for investments in renewable energy.[17]

Environment[edit]

Sánchez opposes legislation that would bar the Environmental Protection Agency from regulating emissions. She supports higher emission standards and tradable allowances.[17] She supports the cash-for-clunkers program and seeks to increase public transportation and trains through federally funded projects.[17]

Sánchez supports the addition of several species to the IUCN Red List and promotes more extensive nature conservation.[17]

Government reform[edit]

Sánchez supports lobbyist disclosures for campaign finances as well as requiring full disclosure of campaign finances. She seeks to guarantee free and fair elections.[17]

After Hurricane Katrina in August 2005, President George W. Bush suspended the Davis-Bacon Act, a 1931 law that requires government contractors to pay prevailing wages. Sánchez was a very vocal critic of the suspension, and led the fight to reverse it.[25] Bush reversed the suspension on October 26, 2005.[26]

Gun control[edit]

Sánchez supports gun control and believes in background checks, no fly-no buy, and gun violence research.[27] She seeks to close the gun show loophole for firearm sales. She believes gun manufacturers and sellers are accountable and ought to be liable for misuse cases by users.[17]

Health care[edit]

Sánchez opposes the privatization of Medicare in any form, and opposes spending cuts to Medicare. She supports expanding healthcare coverage by a number of programs through federal funding.[17] She has said that she believes health care is a basic right.[17] She declined to vote for Representative John Conyers's universal health care bill HR 676,[vague] citing the need to support the Affordable Care Act.[28][better source needed]

Immigration[edit]

After the Arizona state legislature passed State Senate Bill 1070 and Arizona Governor Jan Brewer signed it into law, Sánchez claimed that the law, and similar laws throughout the country, were the product of white supremacists: "There's a concerted effort behind promoting these kinds of laws on a state-by-state basis by people who have ties to white supremacy groups. It's been documented. It's not mainstream politics."[29] Representative Gary Miller called Sánchez's comments "an outrageous accusation."[30] Steve Poizner also condemned them.[31]

Technology[edit]

Twice in 2009, Sánchez introduced the "Megan Meier Cyberbullying Prevention Act," H.R. 1966, a bill that would criminalize the use of electronic communications if "the intent is to coerce, intimidate, harass, or cause substantial emotional distress to a person." The bill is a response to the suicide of Megan Meier, a 13-year-old girl whose 2006 suicide was attributed to cyberbullying on the social networking site MySpace. The bill has drawn criticism from members of the online community, legal scholars, and others who contend that it would infringe on the constitutional right to freedom of speech.[32][33]

Tax reform[edit]

Sánchez supports a progressive tax system and voted against maintaining reduced tax rates for capital gains and dividends.[17] She was rated a "Big Spender" by NTU, indicating she generally supports higher tax rates.[17]

War[edit]

In 2014, Sánchez opposed combat operations in during the War in Afghanistan.[18]

Personal life[edit]

Linda and her sister Loretta Sanchez are the first pair of sisters to serve simultaneously in the United States Congress.

Sánchez married Jim Sullivan on April 13, 2009, in the district office of Congressman John B. Larson, who introduced the two about two years before the wedding.[34] The marriage is Sánchez's second, and Sullivan has three sons from a previous marriage.[35] On May 13, 2009, she became the eighth woman to give birth while serving in Congress when she had her first son.[36]

Sánchez's father, Ignacio, suffers from Alzheimer's disease, which Sánchez has cited as a motivation for finding a cure for the disease.[37]

Sánchez is the younger sister of former Congresswoman Loretta Sanchez. They are the first and to date only sister pair to serve in Congress. Linda is considered somewhat more liberal than Loretta. Loretta began her political career as a moderate Republican before becoming a Democrat, but Linda has always been a Democrat. Loretta was a member of the Blue Dog Coalition and the New Democrat Coalition, and Linda is a member of the Congressional Progressive Caucus.

Stephen Colbert interviewed Sánchez for his 434-part series "Better Know A District" on The Colbert Report. The segment aired on Comedy Central on March 9, 2006.

Sánchez delivered the Spanish version of the Democratic Radio Address on May 6, 2006.[38]

In September 2006, Sánchez won the contest "Funniest Celebrity in Washington" during a charity fundraiser.[39]

Works[edit]

  • Linda Sánchez, Loretta Sánchez and Richard Buskin, Dream in Color: How the Sánchez Sisters Are Making History in Congress, Grand Central Publishing (September 2, 2008) ISBN 978-0-446-50804-9, foreword by Nancy Pelosi

In 2008, Loretta and Linda Sánchez published the joint memoir Dream in Color: How the Sánchez Sisters Are Making History in Congress.[5] Publishers Weekly reviewed the book and wrote: "Linda and Loretta Sánchez present their compelling story—noteworthy not only for their history-making achievements (including first sisters or women of any relation to serve together in Congress, first woman and person of color to represent a district in Orange County, first Latina on the House Judiciary Committee and first Head Start child to be elected to Congress) but also for its 'American Dream' aspect—their parents immigrated from Mexico and despite lacking a formal education managed to send their seven children to college. Interweaving childhood vignettes with accounts of serving in Congress, both from California, this refreshing book evades many of the tropes of the typical political memoir—perhaps because these two women are not typical politicians."[40]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Members". Congressional Hispanic Caucus. Archived from the original on May 15, 2018. Retrieved 15 May 2018.
  2. ^ "Rep. Linda Sanchez Makes History in House Leadership Election". NBC News.
  3. ^ a b c "Sanchez, Linda T." Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress. Retrieved 2020-10-17.
  4. ^ Montgomery, David (2008-01-30). "Sanchez Sisters Have a Shoe In Each Camp". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2008-04-13.
  5. ^ a b Sanchez, Linda; Sanchez, Loretta; Buskin, Richard (September 2, 2008). Dream in Color: How the Sánchez Sisters Are Making History in Congress (9780446508049): Linda Sánchez, Loretta Sánchez, Richard Buskin, Nancy Pelosi: Books. ISBN 978-0446508049.
  6. ^ a b "Linda Sanchez Goes To Washington". IBEW. 2003. Retrieved 21 November 2020.
  7. ^ Springer, Richard (March 15, 2002). "Linda Sanchez, Jerry Brown Win in California Primary". INDIAWEST.
  8. ^ Bunis, Dena (November 6, 2002). "Congress gets its first sister act with Loretta and Linda Sanchez". Knight Rider Tribune News Service.
  9. ^ Lazo, Alejandro (May 13, 2015). "Loretta Sanchez to Declare Senate Candidacy on Thursday". Dow Jones Institutional News.
  10. ^ "Rep. Linda Sanchez, Ryan Downing win California 38th Congressional District primaries". The Washington Post. August 8, 2018. Archived from the original on August 6, 2018. Retrieved September 14, 2018.
  11. ^ "Chairman Neal Announces Ways and Means Democrats' Subcommittee Assignments for the 117th Congress". Ways and Means Committee - Democrats. 2021-02-02. Retrieved 2021-04-23.
  12. ^ "Membership". Congressional Arts Caucus. Archived from the original on June 12, 2018. Retrieved March 13, 2018.
  13. ^ "Members". Congressional Asian Pacific American Caucus. Retrieved 17 May 2018.
  14. ^ "Members". Congressional Hispanic Caucus. Retrieved 2021-03-02.
  15. ^ "Our Members". U.S. House of Representatives International Conservation Caucus. Archived from the original on August 1, 2018. Retrieved August 5, 2018.
  16. ^ "Caucus Membrs". US House of Representatives. Retrieved January 3, 2021.
  17. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s "Linda Sanchez (Democrat, district 38)". On the Issues.
  18. ^ a b c d "The Voter's Self Defense System". Vote Smart. Retrieved 28 June 2022.
  19. ^ "Rating Group: National Right to Life Committee". Vote Smart. 2010. Retrieved October 25, 2015.
  20. ^ Sanchez, Linda (October 13, 2011). "Protect Life Act: Floor Speech". Vote Smart. Retrieved October 25, 2015.
  21. ^ "Rating Group: NARAL Pro-Choice America". Vote Smart. 2010. Retrieved October 25, 2015.
  22. ^ Sánchez, Linda (24 June 2022). "Health care decisions belong in the doctor's office, not the courtroom. With this decision, the Supreme Court has chosen to ignore 50 years of established precedent, robbing women of the right to make our own health care choices". Twitter. Retrieved 28 June 2022.
  23. ^ Sanchez, Linda (October 4, 2011). "Linda Sánchez Statement on LGBT History Month". Vote Smart. Retrieved October 25, 2015.
  24. ^ Sanchez, Linda; et al. (February 9, 2010). "Letter to President Obama, et al.: End Discrimination for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, And Transgender Binational Families". Vote Smart. Retrieved October 25, 2015.
  25. ^ Congresswoman Linda T. Sanchez - News Archived 2005-11-28 at the Wayback Machine
  26. ^ lindasanchez.house.gov Archived 2005-11-28 at the Wayback Machine
  27. ^ "Rep. Sanchez Calls for Action on Gun Safety Legislation in Wake of Las Vegas Shooting". Targeted News Service (USA). October 3, 2017. Retrieved September 21, 2018.
  28. ^ Melanie Oringer (April 12, 2017). "Linda Sanchez at April 11, 2017 Town Hall re: HR 676/Universal Healthcare for All". Archived from the original on 2021-12-12 – via YouTube.
  29. ^ "Congresswoman: White Supremacist Groups Behind Arizona Immigration Law". Fox News. June 3, 2010.
  30. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on February 29, 2012. Retrieved June 5, 2010.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  31. ^ North, John. "Sanchez under fire for immigration law comment". ABC7 Los Angeles.
  32. ^ John Cox, "Bill would turn Internet flamers into felons", Archived 2011-06-15 at the Wayback Machine Network World, May 8, 2009, retrieved May 9, 2009.
  33. ^ Eugene Volokh, "Rep Linda Sanchez defends outlawing of using blogs, the Web, etc to cause distress", Huffington Post, May 7, 2009, retrieved October 6, 2009.
  34. ^ "Rep. Linda Sanchez marries, with baby on the way". Silicon Valley Mercury News. Associated Press. April 28, 2009.
  35. ^ Morrison, Patt (November 20, 2008). "California Rep. Linda Sanchez's baby announcement". Los Angeles Times.
  36. ^ "Congresswoman Sanchez has baby boy". UPI. May 14, 2009.
  37. ^ "Linda and Loretta Sánchez:"A Conversation with the Sánchez Sisters"". November 12, 2008. Archived from the original on June 15, 2010.
  38. ^ "Journalist & Public Relations jobs, search the latest vacancies | Cision Jobs". www.cisionjobs.co.uk.
  39. ^ Argetsinger, Amy; Roberts, Roxanne (October 8, 2006). "Linda Sanchez, the Congresswoman Who Brings Down the House". The Washington Post. Retrieved May 7, 2010.
  40. ^ "Nonfiction Reviews". Publishers Weekly. June 9, 2008. Archived from the original on October 13, 2008. Retrieved October 22, 2015.

External links[edit]

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from California's 39th congressional district

2003–2013
Succeeded by
Preceded by Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from California's 38th congressional district

2013–present
Incumbent
Preceded by Chair of the Congressional Hispanic Caucus
2015–2017
Succeeded by
Party political offices
Preceded by Vice Chair of the House Democratic Conference
2017–2019
Succeeded by
U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded by United States representatives by seniority
66th
Succeeded by