|Vice Chair of the House Democratic Conference|
January 3, 2017
|Preceded by||Joe Crowley|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from California's 38th district
January 3, 2013
|Preceded by||Grace Napolitano|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from California's 39th district
January 3, 2003 – January 3, 2013
|Preceded by||Ed Royce|
|Succeeded by||Ed Royce|
|Born||Linda Teresa Sánchez
January 28, 1969
Orange, California, U.S.
|Education||University of California, Berkeley (BA)
University of California, Los Angeles (JD)
Linda Teresa Sánchez (born January 28, 1969) is the U.S. Representative for California's 38th congressional district, serving in Congress since 2003. She is a member of the Democratic Party. She currently serves on the powerful Ways and Means Committee and is the ranking member on the Ethics Committee. In the 114th Congress, she served as Chair of the Congressional Hispanic Caucus.
In 2016, she was elected by her colleagues to serve as Vice Chair of the House Democratic Caucus for the 115th Congress, the fifth-ranking position in House Democratic leadership. She is the first woman of color ever to be elected to a leadership position in the history of the U.S. Congress.
- 1 Early life, education and career
- 2 Political campaigns
- 3 U.S. House of Representatives
- 4 Personal life
- 5 Works
- 6 Issue positions
- 7 Abortion
- 8 Same-sex marriage
- 9 References
- 10 External links
Early life, education and career
Sánchez was born in Orange, California. She grew up with six siblings, raised by Mexican immigrant parents in Anaheim, where she attended Valencia High School. She earned her BA in Spanish in 1991 at the University of California, Berkeley and her Juris Doctor degree in 1995 at the UCLA School of Law, where she was an editor of the Chicano-Latino Law Review.
Sánchez was an attorney specializing in labor law prior to her public service career. In 1998, she joined the International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers (IBEW) Local 441 and became a compliance officer. In 2000 she was unanimously elected to the position of Executive Secretary/Treasurer of the Orange County Central Labor Council.
Sánchez started her political career after a new 39th congressional district was created following the 2000 Census (the old 39th district had very different boundaries). She finished first in a six-person primary for the Democratic Party nomination in March 2002. She won the primaries with 33.5% of the vote, with the second place candidate receiving 29.3%. She went on to win the general elections against Republican Tim Escobar by a 54.9% to 40.8% margin. She ran unopposed in the Democratic primaries in 2004. She faced Escobar again in the general election, defeating him by a margin of 60.7% to 39.3%. For the 2006 elections, she defeated two challengers in the primary with 77.8% of the vote, and defeated attorney James L. Andion in the general election. Her sister, Representative Loretta Sanchez, served with her in Congress but ran for the U.S. Senate, rather than defending her seat, finishing second in California's "top two" primary, and was defeated by fellow Democrat, state Attorney General Kamala Harris, in the general election in 2016.
U.S. House of Representatives
- Committee on Ethics (Ranking Member)
- Committee on Ways and Means
Party leadership and Caucus membership
- House Democratic Party Steering and Policy Committee
- Co-founder of the Labor and Working Families Caucus
- International Conservation Caucus
She has two committee assignments in the House: the Committee on Ethics and the United States House Committee on Ways and Means. In 2005, she was appointed Assistant Minority Whip. She is a member of the Congressional Hispanic Caucus, and is Co-Chair of the Congressional Labor and Working Families Caucus (she co-founded this caucus).
Sánchez supports a progressive tax system and voted against maintaining reduced tax rates for capital gains and dividends. In addition she was rated a “Big Spender” by NTU indicating she generally supports higher tax rates.
Sánchez voted against spending prioritizing in the event of the debt limit being reached. In 2009 she supported both a 192 Billion dollar anti-recession stimulus package and an 825 Billion bailout fund. Additional to these, she supported a 15 Billion dollar bailout for GM and Chrysler as well as a 60 Billion dollar stimulus package. She voted in 2011 to raise the debt limit to 16.7 Trillion dollars.
She opposes any move to privatize social security and supports keeping it strictly federally funded.
She opposes new exploration for oil drilling and would remove tax benefits for oil and gas exploration. She has also opposed permits and construction for new oil refineries.
She supports tax credits and incentives for investments in renewable energy.
- Government Reform
Sánchez supports lobbyist disclosures for campaign finances as well as requiring full disclosure of campaign finances. She seeks to guarantee free and fair elections.
- Gun Control
Sánchez is a pro-gun control activist and seeks to close the gun show loophole for firearm sales. She believes gunmakers and sellers are accountable and liable for misuse cases by users.
Sánchez is an opponent to any moves to privatize medicare or spending cuts. In addition she supports expanding healthcare coverage by a number of programs through federal funding. She has stated that she believes healthcare is a basic right.
Sánchez is a pro-choice politician and has voted against repealing federal funding for abortions. She opposed legislation to bar transporting minors between states for abortions and making it a crime to harm a fetus in another crime.
- Civil Rights
She opposes legislation that would bar the EPA from regulating emissions. Sánchez would see higher emission standards and establish trade-able allowances. She supports the cash-for-clunkers program and seeks to increase public transportation and trains through massive federally funded projects.
Sánchez supports the addition of several species to the endangered species list and promotes more extensive nature conservation.
Following Hurricane Katrina in late August 2005, President George W. Bush suspended the Davis-Bacon Act, a 1934 law that requires government contractors to pay prevailing wages. Sánchez was a very vocal critic of the suspension, and led the fight to reverse it. Sánchez eventually won, as Bush reversed himself on October 26, 2005.
In 2009 and again in 2009, Sánchez introduced the "Megan Meier Cyberbullying Prevention Act," H.R. 1966, a bill which would criminalize the use of electronic communications if "the intent is to coerce, intimidate, harass, or cause substantial emotional distress to a person." This bill is a response to the suicide of Megan Meier, a 13-year-old girl whose 2006 suicide was attributed to cyber-bullying through the social networking website MySpace. The bill has drawn criticism from members of the on-line community, legal scholars, and others who have contended that the bill would infringe the constitutional right of freedom of speech.
After the Arizona State Legislature passed State Senate Bill 1070 and after Arizona Governor Jan Brewer signed it into law, Sánchez generated controversy when she claimed that the law, and similar laws throughout the United States, were the product of white supremacists: "There's a concerted effort behind promoting these kinds of laws on a state-by-state basis by people who have ties to white supremacy groups. It's been documented. It's not mainstream politics." Rep. Gary Miller called Sanchez's comments "an outrageous accusation." Her comments were also condemned by Steve Poizner.
Sánchez is married to Jim Sullivan, whom she married on April 13, 2009, in the district office of Congressman John B. Larson, who introduced the two about two years prior to the wedding. The marriage is the second for Sánchez, and Sullivan has three children from a previous marriage. On May 13, 2009, she became the 8th woman to have given birth while serving in Congress when she gave birth to her first son, Joaquin Sánchez Sullivan.
She is the younger sister of former Congresswoman Loretta Sanchez, who is nine years her senior, making them the first and to date only sister pair to serve in Congress. Linda Sánchez is considered somewhat more liberal than her older sister. While Loretta began her political career as a moderate Republican before becoming a Democrat, Linda has always been a Democrat. Also, while Loretta is a member of the Blue Dog Coalition and the New Democrat Coalition, Linda is a member of the Congressional Progressive Caucus.
In September 2006 Sánchez won the contest "Funniest Celebrity in Washington" during a charity fundraiser.
- Linda Sánchez, Loretta Sánchez and Richard Buskin, Dream in Color: How the Sánchez Sisters Are Making History in Congress, Grand Central Publishing (September 2, 2008) ISBN 978-0-446-50804-9, foreword by Nancy Pelosi
In 2008 sister congresswomen Loretta Sánchez and Linda Sánchez published the joint memoir Dream in Color: How the Sánchez Sisters Are Making History in Congress. Publishers Weekly reviewed the book and wrote: "Linda and Loretta Sánchez present their compelling story—noteworthy not only for their history-making achievements (including first sisters or women of any relation to serve together in Congress, first woman and person of color to represent a district in Orange County, first Latina on the House Judiciary Committee and first Head Start child to be elected to Congress) but also for its “American Dream” aspect—their parents immigrated from Mexico and despite lacking a formal education managed to send their seven children to college. Interweaving childhood vignettes with accounts of serving in Congress, both from California, this refreshing book evades many of the tropes of the typical political memoir—perhaps because these two women are not typical politicians."
Project Vote Smart, using public statements, voting record, and evaluations from special interest groups, was able to infer the major issues Sánchez would or not agree upon. Though not officially admitted by Sanchez, it is concluded that Sánchez:
- Supports pro-choice legislation.
- Does not support combat operations in Afghanistan.
- Supports reducing defense spending to balance budget.
- Supports spending to increase economic growth.
- Supports federal regulations on greenhouse gas emissions.
- Supports the restriction of the purchase and possessions of guns.
- Does not support the requirement for illegal immigrants to return to their country of origin before they are eligible for citizenship.
- Supports same-sex marriage.
- Supports strong social security legislation
- Sánchez "supported the interests of the National Right to Life Committee 0 percent in 2010."
- On October 13, 2011, Sánchez "strongly opposed" the Protect Life Act (H.R. 358).
- Sánchez supported the interests of NARAL Pro-Choice America.
- Sánchez has voted Nay in many anti-abortion legislation, such as the Abortion Pain Bill, prohibiting Federally Funded Abortion Services, prohibiting Taxpayer Funding of Abortion, the Child Interstate Abortion Notification Act.
On October 4, 2011, Sánchez made a statement on the LGBT History Month, saying: "We must continue to strive to end discrimination in the workplace based on sexual orientation and fight so that all Americans have the right to marry and start families with those they love. I remain committed to supporting marriage equality, investments in HIV/AIDS care, treatment and research, and campaigns that take action against bullying in schools."
On a letter written on February 9, 2010 to President Barack Obama, then-Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi, Senator Charles Schumer, Sánchez explained how "Currently, U.S. citizens and legal permanent residents may sponsor their spouses (and other immediate family members) for immigration purposes. But, same-sex partners committed to spending their lives together are not recognized as "families" under U.S. immigration law and thus do not have this same right." and how "This is unacceptable, and we believe comprehensive immigration reform legislation must include a strong family reunification component inclusive of LGBT families."
- Montgomery, David (2008-01-30). "Sanchez Sisters Have a Shoe In Each Camp". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2008-04-13.
- "Linda Sanchez (Democrat, district 38)". On the Issues.
- Congresswoman Linda T. Sanchez - News
- John Cox, "Bill would turn Internet flamers into felons", Network World, May 8, 2009, retrieved May 9, 2009.
- Eugene Volokh, "Rep Linda Sanchez defends outlawing of using blogs, the Web, etc to cause distress", Huffington Post, May 7, 2009, retrieved October 6, 2009.
- "Congresswoman: White Supremacist Groups Behind Arizona Immigration Law". Fox News. June 3, 2010.
- Associated Press (April 28, 2009). "Rep. Linda Sanchez marries, with baby on the way". Silicon Valley Mercury News.
- Morrison, Patt (November 20, 2008). "California Rep. Linda Sanchez's baby announcement". Los Angeles Times.
- "Congresswoman Sanchez has baby boy". UPI. May 14, 2009.
- "Linda and Loretta Sánchez:"A Conversation with the Sánchez Sisters"". November 12, 2008.
- Argetsinger, Amy; Roberts, Roxanne (October 8, 2006). "Linda Sanchez, the Congresswoman Who Brings Down the House". The Washington Post. Retrieved May 7, 2010.
- "Dream in Color: How the Sánchez Sisters Are Making History in Congress (9780446508049): Linda Sánchez, Loretta Sánchez, Richard Buskin, Nancy Pelosi: Books". Amazon.com. Retrieved 2010-07-11.
- "Nonfiction Reviews". Publishers Weekly. June 9, 2008. Archived from the original on October 13, 2008. Retrieved October 22, 2015.
- "Linda Sánchez's Issue Positions (Political Courage Test)". Vote Smart. 2014. Retrieved October 25, 2015.
- "Rating Group: National Right to Life Committee". Vote Smart. 2010. Retrieved October 25, 2015.
- Sanchez, Linda (October 13, 2011). "Protect Life Act: Floor Speech". Vote Smart. Retrieved October 25, 2015.
- "Rating Group: NARAL Pro-Choice America". Vote Smart. 2010. Retrieved October 25, 2015.
- Sanchez, Linda (October 4, 2011). "Linda Sánchez Statement on LGBT History Month". Vote Smart. Retrieved October 25, 2015.
- Sanchez, Linda; et al. (February 9, 2010). "Letter to President Obama, et al.: End Discrimination for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, And Transgender Binational Families". Vote Smart. Retrieved October 25, 2015.
- Congresswoman Linda Sanchez official U.S. House site
- Linda Sanchez for Congress
- Linda Sánchez at DMOZ
- Biography at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- Profile at Project Vote Smart
- Financial information (federal office) at the Federal Election Commission
- Legislation sponsored at The Library of Congress
- Profile at SourceWatch
- Book Review of Dream In Color at Letters On Pages
|United States House of Representatives|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from California's 39th congressional district
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from California's 38th congressional district
|Chair of the Congressional Hispanic Caucus
Michelle Lujan Grisham
|Party political offices|
|Vice Chair of the House Democratic Conference
|United States order of precedence (ceremonial)|
|United States Representatives by seniority