|Member of the|
U.S. House of Representatives
|Assumed office |
July 14, 2009
|Preceded by||Hilda Solis|
|Constituency||32nd district (2009–2013)|
27th district (2013–present)
|Member of the|
California State Board of Equalization
from the 4th district
January 3, 2007 – July 14, 2009
|Preceded by||John Chiang|
|Succeeded by||Jerome Horton|
|Member of the California State Assembly|
from the 49th district
May 21, 2001 – November 30, 2006
|Preceded by||Gloria Romero|
|Succeeded by||Mike Eng|
|Member of the|
Monterey Park City Council
April 1988 – May 2001
Judy May Chu
July 7, 1953
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
|Residence||Monterey Park, California, U.S.|
|Hanyu Pinyin||Zhào Měixīn|
Judy May Chu (born July 7, 1953) is an American politician serving as the U.S. Representative for California's 27th congressional district since 2013. A member of the Democratic Party, she has held a seat in Congress since 2009, representing California's 32nd congressional district until redistricting. Chu is the first Chinese American woman elected to Congress.
Chu was elected to the California Board of Equalization in 2007, representing the 4th district. She previously served on the Garvey Unified School District Board of Education, on the Monterey Park City Council (with five terms as mayor) and in the California State Assembly. Chu ran in the 32nd congressional district special election for the seat vacated by Hilda Solis after Solis was confirmed as President Obama's Secretary of Labor in 2009. She defeated Republican candidate Betty Tom Chu and Libertarian candidate Christopher Agrella in a runoff election on July 14, 2009. Chu was redistricted to the 27th district in 2012, but still reelected to a third term, defeating Republican challenger Jack Orswell. On February 28, 2018, she officially inaugurated the painting "Yes We Can 2017" at the main library of Pasadena, California, a gift from the city's Vice Mayor and Councilmember, John J. Kennedy.
Chu was born in 1953 in Los Angeles. Her father, Judson Chu, was a World War II veteran born in California, and her mother, May, was a war bride originally from Jiangmen, Guangdong. Chu grew up in Los Angeles, near 62nd Street and Normandie Avenue, until her early teen years, when the family moved to the Bay Area.
In 1974, Chu earned a B.A. degree in mathematics from UCLA. In 1979, she earned a Ph.D. degree in psychology from the California School of Professional Psychology of Alliant International University's Los Angeles campus.
Chu was elected to the State Assembly on May 15, 2001, following a special election after Romero was elected to the State Senate. She was elected to a full term in 2002 and reelected in 2004. The district includes Alhambra, El Monte, Duarte, Monterey Park, Rosemead, San Gabriel, San Marino, and South El Monte, within Los Angeles County.
Barred by term limits from running for a third term in 2006, Chu was elected to the State Board of Equalization from the 4th district, representing most of Los Angeles County.
U.S. House of Representatives
Chu decided to run for the 2009 special election for the California's 32nd congressional district after U.S. Representative Hilda Solis was appointed to become President Barack Obama's United States Secretary of Labor. Chu led the field in the May 19 special election, but due to the crowded field (eight Democrats and four Republicans) she only got 32% of the vote, well short of the 50% needed to win outright. In the runoff election, she defeated Republican Betty Chu (her cousin-in-law and a Monterey Park City Councilwoman) 62%–33%.
Chu was heavily favored due to the district's heavy Democrat tilt. With a Cook Partisan Voting Index of D+15, it is one of the safest Democratic districts in the nation. She was reelected to her first full term with 71% of the vote.
In August 2011, Chu decided to run in the newly redrawn California's 27th congressional district. The district has the second highest percentage of Asian Americans in the state with 37%, behind the newly redrawn 17th CD which is 50% Asian. Registered Democrats make up 42% of the district. Obama won the district with 63% in the 2008 presidential election. Jerry Brown won with 55% in the 2010 gubernatorial election. Chu was reelected, defeating Republican Jack Orswell 64% to 36%.
Chu was reelected over Orswell, 59.4% to 40.6%.
Chu was reelected over Orswell, 67.4% to 32.6%.
Chu won reelection to her seventh term over Republican Johnny J. Nalbandian by a 69.8% to 30.2% margin. Nalbandian never conceded the race, citing unproven voter fraud.
Chu was sworn into office on July 16, 2009.
Chu believes that the immigration system is outdated and in need of reform. She has worked to pass the Border Security, Economic Opportunity, and Immigration Modernization Act (H.R. 15). She strongly supports the DREAM Act and has worked for its passage. She has introduced the Protect Our Workers from Exploitation and Retaliation Act (POWER Act, or H.R. 2169), introduced to stop disreputable employers from exploiting immigrants.
In July 2015, Chu went before Congress to speak out against what she called the "shocking" treatment of women and children held in for-profit detention facilities in the U.S. Comparing them to Japanese internment camps, Chu said the prolonged detention re-traumatizes families, breaks apart the parent-child relationship, and has serious cognitive effects on children.
Chu cosponsored the Global Sexual and Reproductive Health Act of 2010, which authorizes the President of the United States to support measures providing abortions and other reproduction assistance to women in developing countries. In 2010, she voted against measures proposed by the House to strip government funding to Planned Parenthood, and opposed restricting federal funding of abortions. Chu has received ratings of 100 from pro-choice organizations including Planned Parenthood Affiliates of California in 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, and 2006. She has also received ratings of 100 from the NARAL pro-choice California in 2003, 2004, 2005, and 2006 while receiving very low ratings from anti-abortion organizations in 2003, 2004, 2005, and 2006.
In 2009, Chu voted to increase the debt ceiling to $12.394 trillion. In 2010, she voted to increase the debt ceiling to $14.294 trillion. In January 2011, she voted against a bill to reduce spending on non-security items to fiscal year 2008 levels. In 2011, Chu voted against the Budget Control Act of 2011, which incrementally raised the debt ceiling.
- Defense of Civil Liberties
Chu opposed the "See Something, Say Something Act of 2011," which provides "immunity for reports of suspected terrorist activity or suspicious behavior and response." She said, "if a person contacts law enforcement about something based solely on someone's race, religion, ethnicity, or national origin, they would not receive immunity from civil lawsuits."
On July 24, 2013, the House voted on Amendment 100 to the H.R. 2397 Department of Defense Appropriations Act of 2014 which, if passed, would have ended the authority for the blanket collection of records under the Patriot Act. Chu voted "Aye" to pass amendment 100 and end the blanket collection authority; the amendment did not pass, with the "Noes" blocking it, 217–205.
- Internet policy
- Apology for the Chinese Exclusion Act
On June 18, 2012, the House passed a resolution, introduced by Chu, that formally expresses its regret for the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882, which imposed almost total restrictions on Chinese immigration and naturalization and denied Chinese-Americans basic freedoms because of their ethnicity. This was only the fourth time that Congress issued an apology to a group of people.
In June 2011 the House Ethics Committee began an investigation after receiving information suggesting that two of Chu's top aides had directed staffers to do campaign tasks during regular work hours. The investigation found that Chu had sent two emails to her staff on how to respond to aspects of the Ethics Committee's inquiry. The Committee found no evidence that Chu was aware of her staff's actions, it did find that the emails represented actions that interfered with the committee's investigation of the matter, and on December 11, 2014, it formally reprimanded Chu for interfering with its investigation of her office.
- Advocating People's Mujahedin of Iran
In 2015, The Intercept published an investigative work by Ali Gharib and Eli Clifton, assisted in part by the work of independent researcher Joanne Stocker, indicating that Chu received $11,150 from the People's Mujahedin of Iran (MEK) between January 2009 and September 2012, when the MEK was listed a Foreign Terrorist Organization. She is an advocate of the MEK.
- Armenia–Azerbaijan conflict
Chu accused Turkey, a NATO member, of inciting the conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan over the disputed region of Nagorno-Karabakh. On October 1, 2020, she co-signed a letter to Secretary of State Mike Pompeo that condemned Azerbaijan's offensive operations against the Armenian-populated enclave of Nagorno-Karabakh, denounced Turkey's role in the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict and called for an immediate ceasefire.
- Committee on Ways and Means
- Committee on Small Business
- American Sikh Congressional Caucus (Co-Chair)
- Congressional Progressive Caucus (Vice-Chair)
- Congressional Asian Pacific American Caucus (Chair)
- Congressional Taiwan Caucus
- Creative Rights Caucus (Co-founder and Co-chair)
- LGBT Equality Caucus (Member)
- House Baltic Caucus
- Climate Solutions Caucus
- Medicare for All Caucus
Chu married Mike Eng in 1978. They have lived in Monterey Park for over 30 years. Eng took Chu's seat on the Monterey Park City Council in 2001, when Chu left the council after being elected to the Assembly, and in 2006 he took Chu's seat on the Assembly when Chu left the Assembly.
Chu's nephew, Lance Corporal Harry Lew, a U.S. Marine, committed suicide while serving in Afghanistan on April 3, 2011, allegedly as a result of hazing from fellow Marines after Lew allegedly repeatedly fell asleep during his watch. Chu described her nephew as a patriotic American and said that those responsible must be brought to justice.
- History of the Chinese Americans in Los Angeles
- List of Asian Americans and Pacific Islands Americans in the United States Congress
- Women in the United States House of Representatives
- 美首位华裔女国会议员赵美心回广东省亲. chinanews.com Guangdong (in Chinese). 2011-09-04. – See image (Archive)
- "Judy Chu trounces rivals in congressional race". Latimesblogs.latimes.com. 2009-07-14. Retrieved 2015-05-08.
- "Vice Chair Judy Chu". California Board of Equalization. 2007. Archived from the original on 13 February 2007. Retrieved 14 May 2007.
- Larrubia, Evelyn (2008-12-23). "Solis' House seat draws interest of prominent politicians". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2008-12-24.
- Blood, Michael P. Democrat captures US House seat in LA county, Huffington Post, 15 July 2009.
- Merl, Jean (July 16, 2009). "Judy Chu becomes first Chinese American woman elected to Congress". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on July 19, 2009. Retrieved July 5, 2020.
- Hooi, Alexis (September 5, 2011). "Congresswoman: Nations can learn from each other". China Daily. Retrieved July 5, 2020.
- "Judy Chu's Biography". Vote Smart. Retrieved June 25, 2020.
- "Rep. Judy Chu, Brother Donate $375,000 to Chinese American Museum in LA". nbclosangeles.com. December 26, 2019. Retrieved June 25, 2020.
- Chu, Judy (2002). "Political Philosophy for Judy Chu". SmartVoter.org. League of Women Voters of California Education Fund. Retrieved 14 May 2007.
- "Mayors - Past Mayors Across the United States". ontheissues.org. Retrieved June 25, 2020.
- "Biography at California Assembly website". Archived from the original on December 24, 2001. Retrieved September 6, 2016.
- "CA District 32 – Special Election Race – May 19, 2009". Our Campaigns. Retrieved March 27, 2012.
- "CA District 32 – Special Election Runoff Race – Jul 14, 2009". Our Campaigns. Retrieved March 27, 2012.
- "CA – District 32 Race – Nov 02, 2010". Our Campaigns. Retrieved March 27, 2012.
- Galindo, Erick (August 8, 2011). "Judy Chu announces plans to run for new San Gabriel Valley congressional district". Pasadena Star-News. Archived from the original on March 28, 2012. Retrieved March 27, 2012.
- "Demographics of the new congressional districts – Spreadsheets". Los Angeles Times. 2011-07-29. Retrieved March 27, 2012.
- "Final 2011 Congressional Spreadsheet" (PDF). Redistricting Partners. Archived from the original (PDF) on December 19, 2011. Retrieved March 27, 2012.
- "Final 2011 Congressional Spreadsheet 2" (PDF). Redistricting Partners. Archived from the original (PDF) on January 31, 2012. Retrieved March 27, 2012.
- United States House of Representatives elections in California, 2012
- United States House of Representatives elections in California, 2014
- United States House of Representatives elections in California, 2016
- United States House of Representatives elections in California, 2018
- Mouchard, Andre; Staggs, Brooke (November 6, 2018). "Elections 2018: Incumbent Congresswoman Judy Chu racing past fellow Democrat Bryan Witt in California's 27th District". San Gabriel Valley Tribune. Retrieved January 4, 2019.
- "Immigration". U.S. Congresswoman Judy Chu. Archived from the original on 5 September 2015. Retrieved 30 July 2015.
- "Rep. Chu Joins Progressive Caucus, House Judiciary Democrats at Forum on Family Detention". U.S. Congresswoman Judy Chu. 28 July 2015. Retrieved 30 July 2015.
- Wire, Sarah (December 6, 2017). "Los Angeles area congresswoman arrested during immigration protest on Capitol Hill". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved January 4, 2019.
- "Political Positions of Judy Chu". The Political Guide. The Political Guide. Retrieved 4 September 2011.
- "Rep. Chu Continues Fighting to Protect the Health and Lives of Women". Congresswoman Judy Chu. Congresswoman Judy Chu. Archived from the original on 6 June 2011. Retrieved 4 September 2011.
- Issue Rating at votesmart.org
- "The Political Positions of Judy Chu". The Political Guide. The Political Guide. Retrieved 4 September 2011.
- Kamboj, Kirti. "H.R. 963: The 'See a Minority, Report a Terrorist' Act of 2011?". Hyphen Magazine. Hyphen Magazine. Retrieved 4 September 2011.
- Dye, Shawn (August 8, 2011). "Watch Rep. Judy Chu Argue for Protections against Racial Profiling". Unfinished Business.
- "H.R. 2397 - DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE APPROPRIATIONS ACT, 2014". Archived from the original on July 24, 2013.
- FINAL VOTE RESULTS H R 2397 RECORDED VOTE 24-Jul-2013 6:51 PM
- Bill H.R.3261; GovTrack.us;
- 112th Congress (2012) (June 8, 2012). "H.Res. 683 (112th)". Legislation. GovTrack.us. Retrieved August 9, 2012.
Expressing the regret of the House of Representatives for the passage of laws that adversely affected the Chinese in the United States, including the Chinese Exclusion Act.
- "Official Letter of Reproval US House of Representatives, Committee on Ethics" (PDF). US House. Retrieved March 14, 2015.
- House, Billy (2014-12-11). "Chu, Gingrey Rebuked by House Ethics Panel". National Journal. Retrieved 2015-03-14.
- Ali Gharib, Eli Clifton (26 February 2015), "Long March of the Yellow Jackets: How a One-Time Terrorist Group Prevailed on Capitol Hill", The Intercept, retrieved 30 March 2018
- "Members of Congress Blast Azerbaijan and Turkey As Attack on Artsakh Expands to Armenia". Armenian Weekly. September 29, 2020.
- "Senate and House Leaders to Secretary of State Pompeo: Cut Military Aid to Azerbaijan; Sanction Turkey for Ongoing Attacks Against Armenia and Artsakh". Armenian Weekly. October 2, 2020.
- "Caucus Members". Congressional Progressive Caucus. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
- "Members". Congressional Asian Pacific American Caucus. Retrieved 17 May 2018.
- "Members". House Baltic Caucus. Retrieved 21 February 2018.
- "90 Current Climate Solutions Caucus Members". Citizen´s Climate Lobby. Retrieved 20 October 2018.
- "Biography". Congresswoman Judy Chu. 2012-12-11. Retrieved 2020-11-24.
- McAvoy, Audrey. 3 Marines will go to trial for alleged hazing, Associated Press, 26 October 2011.
- Sandstrom, Aleksandra (January 3, 2019). "Religious affiliation of the 116th Congress". Pew Research Center. Retrieved January 3, 2019.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Judy Chu.|
|Wikisource has original works written by or about:|
- Congresswoman Judy Chu official U.S. House website
- Judy Chu for Congress
- Judy Chu at Curlie
- Appearances on C-SPAN
- Biography at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- Profile at Vote Smart
- Financial information (federal office) at the Federal Election Commission
- Legislation sponsored at the Library of Congress
- Join California Judy Chu
| Member of the Monterey Park City Council
| Member of the California State Board of Equalization
from the 4th district
| Member of the California Assembly
from the 49th district
|U.S. House of Representatives|
| Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from California's 32nd congressional district
| Chair of the Congressional Asian Pacific American Caucus
| Member of the U.S. House of Representatives|
from California's 27th congressional district
|U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)|
| United States representatives by seniority