Eastern Command (India)

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Eastern Command
IA Eastern Command.jpg
Eastern Command's insignia today.
Active 1920–Present
Country  India
Branch  Indian Army
Type Command
Garrison/HQ Kolkata
Lt Gen Abhay Krishna, UYSM, AVSM, SM, VSM
Field Marshal Sam Manekshaw

The Eastern Command of the Indian Army is one of the seven operational commands of the army. It is headquartered in Fort William in the city of Kolkata in the state of West Bengal.[1] Lt Gen Abhay Krishna is the current commander.[2]


Pakistan's Lt. Gen. A. A. K. Niazi signing the Instrument of Surrender under the gaze of Lt. Gen. J. S. Aurora, the head of Indian Army's Eastern Command, on 16 Dec' 1971, in Dhaka.

The Presidency armies were abolished with effect from 1 April 1895 when the three Presidency armies became the Indian Army.[3] The Indian Army was divided into four Commands (Bengal Command, Bombay Command, Madras Command and Punjab Command) each under a lieutenant general.[3]

In 1908, the four commands were merged into two Armies (Northern Army and Southern Army): this system persisted until 1920 when the arrangement reverted to four commands again (Eastern Command, Northern Command, Southern Command and Western Command).[3]

Prior to 1 May 1963 Lucknow was the headquarters of the Eastern Command; when Central Command was re-established on that date, due to the Chinese aggression of 1962, Lucknow became HQ of Central Command instead.[4]


Commanders prior to Independence[edit]

Commanders included:[7]
General Officer Commanding-in-Chief Eastern Army

General Officer Commanding-in-Chief Eastern Command

General Officer Commanding-in-Chief Eastern Army

General Officer Commanding-in-Chief Eastern Command


  1. ^ "Eastern Command". Indian Army. Retrieved 25 June 2012. 
  2. ^ "An Experienced Hand Takes over Eastern Theatre". pib.nic.in. 
  3. ^ a b c "Northern Army". Retrieved 4 January 2010. 
  4. ^ "Central Command Raising Day concludes". The Times of India. 3 May 2009. Retrieved 21 June 2013. 
  5. ^ "Eye on China, India to raise second division for mountain corps". The Indian Express. 2017-03-17. Retrieved 2017-03-17. 
  6. ^ "The mountain is now a molehill". Retrieved 2017-03-17. 
  7. ^ Army Commands Archived 5 July 2015 at the Wayback Machine.

Further reading[edit]

  • Richard A. Renaldi and Ravi Rikhe, 'Indian Army Order of Battle,' Orbat.com for Tiger Lily Books: A division of General Data LLC, ISBN 978-0-9820541-7-8, 2011.