Eastern Command (India)

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Eastern Command
पूर्वी कमान
ইস্টার্ন কমান্ড
IA Eastern Command.jpg
Eastern Command's insignia today.
Active 1920–Present
Country British Raj British India
 India
Branch British Raj Red Ensign.svg British Indian Army
India Indian Army
Type Command
Garrison/HQ Kolkata
Commanders
Current
commander
Lt Gen Praveen Bakshi, AVSM, VSM [1]
Notable
commanders
Field Marshal Sam Manekshaw

The Eastern Command of the Indian Army is one of the seven operational commands of the army. It is headquartered in Fort William in the city of Kolkata in the state of West Bengal.[2] Lt Gen Praveen Bakshi is the current commander.[1]

History[edit]

Pakistan's Lt. Gen. A. A. K. Niazi signing the Instrument of Surrender under the gaze of Lt. Gen. J. S. Aurora, the head of Indian Army's Eastern Command, on 16 Dec' 1971, in Dhaka.

The Presidency armies were abolished with effect from 1 April 1895 when the three Presidency armies became the Indian Army.[3] The Indian Army was divided into four Commands (Bengal Command, Bombay Command, Madras Command and Punjab Command) each under a lieutenant general.[3]

In 1908, the four commands were merged into two Armies (Northern Army and Southern Army): this system persisted until 1920 when the arrangement reverted to four commands again (Eastern Command, Northern Command, Southern Command and Western Command).[3]

Prior to 1 May 1963 Lucknow was the headquarters of the Eastern Command; when Central Command was re-established on that date, due to the Chinese aggression of 1962, Lucknow became HQ of Central Command instead.[4]

Components[edit]

Commanders prior to Independence[edit]

Commanders included:[5]
General Officer Commanding-in-Chief Eastern Army

General Officer Commanding-in-Chief Eastern Command

General Officer Commanding-in-Chief Eastern Army

General Officer Commanding-in-Chief Eastern Command

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Lt Gen Praveen Bakshi takes charge of army's Eastern Command". The Economic Times. Retrieved 2 August 2015. 
  2. ^ "Eastern Command". Indian Army. Retrieved 25 June 2012. 
  3. ^ a b c "Northern Army". Retrieved 4 January 2010. 
  4. ^ "Central Command Raising Day concludes". The Times of India. 3 May 2009. Retrieved 21 June 2013. 
  5. ^ Army Commands

Further reading[edit]

  • Richard A. Renaldi and Ravi Rikhe, 'Indian Army Order of Battle,' Orbat.com for Tiger Lily Books: A division of General Data LLC, ISBN 978-0-9820541-7-8, 2011.