Dutch Military Intelligence and Security Service
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Militaire Inlichtingen- en Veiligheidsdienst (MIVD) is the Military Intelligence and Security Service of the Netherlands. It was formerly known as the Militaire Inlichtingendienst (MID) and got its current name in 2002. MIVD is part of the Dutch Ministry of Defence.
The forerunner of all intelligence services in the Netherlands was the GS III, which was created shortly before World War I. This service later (after WW II) became the LAMID (Army Intelligence Service). In 1986 the Dutch government started a reform of all (navy, army and airforce) military intelligence and security services. The MID (Military Intelligence Service) was formed. In 1989/1990 the existing branches (navy/army/airforce and general intelligence) of the MID were united to make the service stronger. After that reform the single military intelligence service renamed 2002 into Military Intelligence and Security Service (MIVD), with more of a focus on challenges the 21st century expectedly presents.
- Collecting information on potential and military forces in other countries.
- Collecting information on areas where Dutch troops may be stationed (for example on peace keeping missions).
- Investigating problems involving officers of the Dutch army.
- Collecting information to prevent any harm to the army.
- Counter-terrorism and Counter-espionage
- Other military subjects as determined by the government.
Oversight and accountability
The Dutch minister of defence is politically responsible for the MIVD. Oversight is provided by two bodies:
- The Committee for the Intelligence and Security Services (Dutch: Commissie voor de Inlichtingen- en Veiligheidsdiensten, CIVD), comprising the faction leaders of the major political parties represented in the Second Chamber of the Estates-General.
- An Oversight Committee (Dutch: Commissie van Toezicht op de Inlichtingen- en Veiligheidsdiensten, CTIVD) appointed by the Second Chamber of the Estates-General.
The service is, like other intelligence services in the Netherlands, governed by the Wet op de Inlichtingen- en Veiligheidsdiensten 2002 (Law on the Intelligence and Security Services 2002).
- Jaarverslag Militaire Inlichtingen- en Veiligheidsdienst 2013 (PDF). The Hague: Ministerie van Defensie. 2014. (online pdf here: https://www.docdroid.net/nI09Akp/jaarverslag-militaire-inlichtingen-en-veiligheidsdienst-2013.pdf)
- "Niet alle partijen meer in 'commissie stiekem'". www.telegraaf.nl (in Dutch). 2016-12-05. Retrieved 2018-03-15.
- Veiligheidsdiensten, Commissie van Toezicht op de Inlichtingen- en (2015-02-25). "Over CTIVD". www.ctivd.nl (in Dutch). Retrieved 2018-03-15.
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