Dutch Military Intelligence and Security Service
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Militaire Inlichtingen- en Veiligheidsdienst (MIVD) is the Military Intelligence and Security Service of the Netherlands. It was formerly known as the Militaire Inlichtingendienst (MID) and got its current name in 2002. MIVD is part of the Dutch Ministry of Defence.
The forerunner of all intelligence services in the Netherlands was the GS III, which was created shortly before World War I. This service later (after WW II) became the LAMID (Army Intelligence Service). In 1986 the Dutch government started a reform of all (navy, army and airforce) military intelligence and security services. The MID (Military Intelligence Service) was formed. In 1989/1990 the existing branches (navy/army/airforce and general intelligence) of the MID were fused to make the service stronger. After that reform one, military intelligence service, renamed 2002 into Military Intelligence and Security Service (MIVD), emerged, fitted for all challenges the 21st century expectedly presents.
- Collecting information on potential and military forces in other countries.
- Collecting information on areas where Dutch troops may be stationed (for example on peace keeping missions).
- Investigating problems involving officers of the Dutch army.
- Collecting information to prevent any harm to the army.
- Counter-terrorism and Counter-espionage
- Other military subjects as determined by the government.
Oversight and accountability
The Dutch minister of defence is politically responsible for the MIVD. Oversight is provided by two bodies:
- The Committee for the Intelligence and Security Services (Dutch: Commissie voor de Inlichtingen- en Veiligheidsdiensten, CIVD), comprising the leaders of all political parties represented in the Second Chamber of the Estates-General, although until 2009 The Socialist Party (SP) was not and did not want to be part of this committee.
- An Oversight Committee (Dutch: Commissie van Toezicht op de Inlichtingen- en Veiligheidsdiensten, CTIVD) appointed by the Second Chamber of the Estates-General.