|Also known as||Three Souls in My Mind|
|Origin||Mexico City, Mexico|
|Genres||Rock, rock and roll, psychedelic rock, hard rock, acoustic rock, blues-rock, blues|
El Tri is a Mexican rock band from Mexico City fronted by Alex Lora. It is a spinoff of Three Souls in My Mind, formed in 1968. The group is regarded as influential in the development of Mexican rock music.
Over the years, El Tri's sound has touched on several different styles including rock, psychedelic rock, hard rock, acoustic rock, blues-rock, and blues. The group has enjoyed moderate success garnering numerous gold-certified albums in Mexico.
Three Souls in My Mind
The name "Three Souls in My Mind" was initially chosen as a nod towards conventions for long band names in rock and roll. Originally composed of Alejandro Lora on bass Memo Berea lead guitar and lead vocals, Ernesto de Leon on lead guitar, and Carlos Hauptvogel on the drums, the band has been accompanied on some albums by Arturo Labastida on saxophone and Carlos Martinez on trumpet. Sergio Mancera also played guitar on some albums. They performed their first public engagement in October, 1968, and released 15 albums on the RAFF record label before officially changing their name and lineup in 1985.
"As rock in Mexico was originally seen as 'unauthentic' when sung in Spanish, Three Souls mostly sang covers of American rock and blues songs in English. However, at the Festival de Avándaro, often called "Mexico's Woodstock", they crossed over, singing first in English, then in Spanish. From then on they recorded primarily in Spanish, writing most of their own songs. When asked why they switched to Spanish, Lora replied that it was important for the audience to understand the messages of the songs. While Three Souls had a popular following among the younger generation while singing in English, changing attitudes toward rock pushed the band to perform in the 'hoyos fonquis', where the lower classes held semi-chaotic rock shows." Singing in his original language and for a new, energetic, young, and discontented audience, Lora's songs began reflecting more of the reality of the daily lives of average Mexicans.
In 1985, TSIMM splitted into Three Souls in my mind with Carlos Hauptvogel and El Tri with Alex Lora. Under Hauptvogel, TSIMM went to record 4 studio albums and one compilation with considerable success and El Tri from Alex Lora became the first Mexican rock band to have a Gold certified record with their album "Simplemente", which contains their first single: "Triste Canción". In 1986 their song "Vicioso del rocanrol" became a hit in Peru, topping radio charts, which opened the way to 2 concerts in Plaza de Toros Acho, where they returned one year later for a tour in 7 cities. In the same year the band was invited by Miguel Ríos to participate in the First Iberoamerican Rock Encounter at the Sports Palace of Madrid, Spain; alongside the most representative bands of countries like Chile, Venezuela, Argentina and Spain. By 1992, the band's albums were consistently going Gold in Mexico. In 1993, the band released one of their signature songs, Pobre Soñador, which became their breakout song for the SouthAmerican market, specifically, Argentina. The promotional video gained heavy rotation on the music channels.
The United States have also been an important part of their career, since they have had many presentations in New York, Chicago, Houston, and all around the state of California, for example at Fillmore in San Francisco, and mainly in the city of Los Angeles, having presentations in places such as Los Angeles Memorial Sports Arena, The Olympic Auditorium, Pico Rivera, The Palace, The Hollywood Palladium, The Verizon Wireless Amphitheater, and more. In New York their presentations were a success in the "Roseland", with 2 consecutive sold-outs. In 2003, they were nominated for "Best Album" at the Latin Grammy Awards, broadcast from Miami.
In 2004, Los Angeles Times writer Marla Dickerson noted that the band had "legions of loyal fans" and had "sold tens of millions of albums in Latin America", but that in spite of their success they lost their recording contract because their record label could not compete with counterfeiters.
El Tri's songs cover a wide variety of subjects. Many songs are written to reflect the personal experiences of founder Alex Lora, but frequently topics for songs are suggested by fan request. In an interview with Hispanic music website batanga.com in 2006, Alex Lora said, "the fans, they tell me, 'Hey, write the song of the Pope! Hey, write the song of Che Guevara! Write the song of truck drivers, write the song of taxi drivers, of how it would be if Mexico won the soccer World Cup, write the song of prostitutes...'" and he complies, so that their audience may "feel they wrote it themselves".
Overall, the band is known for a left-wing political viewpoint and critical perspective of Partido Revolucionario Institucional that has been featured on many of its songs and albums. In spite of their political protests, El Tri maintains a steadfast loyalty to Mexico.
The 2008 Lonely Planet guide to Mexico calls El Tri "the grandfathers of Mexican rock." 2006's Rock en Español characterizes them as "Mexico's quintessential working-class rock outfit." They have been described in press as "Mexico's answer to the Rolling Stones": "Ancient, raunchy, but still hugely popular."
As "Three Souls in My Mind"
- Three Souls in My Mind (1970); renamed Colección Avandaro 1 – Three Souls in my mind – Versiones en Inglés in 1999
- Three Souls in My Mind II (1971); renamed Colección Avandaro 2 – Three Souls in my mind – Versiones en Inglés in 1999
- Three Souls in My Mind III (1972); renamed Óye Cantinero in 1999
- Chavo de Onda (1973); renamed Adicto al Rock'n'Roll/Three Souls Boogie in 1992
- Es lo Mejor (1974)
- La Devaluación (1975)
- Qué Rico Diablo (1977); renamed Óye Diablo in 1992
- El Blues del Eje Vial (1978)
- Bellas de Noche (1979)
- D'Mentes (1980)
- Viejas Rolas de Rock (1981); renamed Ron & Roll in 1999
- Renovación Moral (1983)
As "El Tri"
- Simplemente (El Tri album) (1984)
- Hecho en México (1985)
- El Niño Sin Amor (1986)
- Otra Tocada Mas (1988)
- 21 Años Después, Alex Lora y El Tri (1989)
- Una Leyenda Viva Llamada El Tri (1990)
- Indocumentado (1992)
- 25 Años (El Tri album) (1993)
- Una Rola Para los Minusvalidos (1994)
- Hoyos en la Bolsa (1996)
- Cuando Tú No Estás (1997)
- Fin de Siglo (1998)
- Lora, Su Lira y Sus Rolas (1998), solo album by Alex Lora
- No Podemos Volar (2000)
- No Te Olvides de la Banda (2002)
- Alex Lora: Esclavo del Rocanrol (2003), solo album by Alex Lora
- Más Allá del Bien y el Mal (2005)
- A Talonear (2007)
- Nada que Perder (2008)
- Libertad incondicional (2011)
- Ojo por ojo (2013)
- Los Número Uno (2003)
- Alex Lora: 35 Años y lo Que le Falta Todavía (2004)
- The Best of El Tri (2008)
- Del Three a El Tri (2009)
- En Vivo!!! En la Cárcel de Santa Martha (1989)
- En Vivo en el Hip 70 de México (1989)
- En Vivo!!! Y a Todo Calor (1991)
- Un Cuarto de Siglo (1995)
- MTV Unplugged (1996)
- Sinfónico (1999)
- Sinfónico II (2001)
- En Directo Desde el Otro Lado (2007)
- 4 Décadas en Vivo (2009)
- Libertad Incondicional (2011)
- 15 Grandes Éxitos (1982)
- Delgado, Celeste Fraser (28 November 2002). "Don't Fade Away: Mexican classic rock will never die". Miami New Times. Retrieved 2 August 2010.
- Geura, Erasmo (10 December 2007). "El Tri: 39 and 'rockeando'". New York Daily News. Retrieved 2 August 2010.
- CBS Interactive. "Three Souls in My Mind". Retrieved 17 October 2013.
- Fernandez, Jose Enrique; John Lannert (17 October 1982). "Homegrown Mexican Rock Thrives Against the Odds". Billboard: 58.
- Candelaria, Cordelia; Peter J. García; Arturo J. Aldama (2004). Encyclopedia of Latino popular culture. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 692. ISBN 978-0-313-33211-1. Retrieved 2 August 2010.
- Dickerson, Marla (18 July 2004). "For Mexican musicians, a sad song; Piracy exacts toll on an industry with proud past". The Boston Globe. Retrieved 2 August 2010.
- Fasani, Romina; Carmen Rosa de Armas (English translation) (April 2006). "El Tri, Alex Lora...Uncensored". batanga.com. Retrieved 2 August 2010.
- Pedelty, Mark (2004). Musical ritual in Mexico City: from the Aztec to NAFTA. University of Texas Press. p. 266. ISBN 978-0-292-70231-8. Retrieved 2 August 2010.
- Pedelty (2004), 266-267.
- John Noble (1 September 2008). Mexico. Lonely Planet. p. 81. ISBN 978-1-74104-804-9. Retrieved 2 August 2010.
- Lechner, Ernesto; Saul Hernandez (1 June 2006). Rock en Español: the Latin alternative rock explosion. Chicago Review Press. p. 244. ISBN 978-1-55652-603-9. Retrieved 2 August 2010.
- Grow, Doug (22 August 2004). "Crossing the borders at Mexican concert; Rock band El Tri draws some fans not bound by age or nationality.". Star Tribune.