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Drug class
The chemical structure of modafinil, the prototypical drug of this class.
Class identifiers
Synonymswakefulness-promoting agent
wakefulness-promoting drug
UsePromote wakefulness and alertness
ATC codeN06B
In Wikidata

Eugeroics (originally, "eugrégorique" or "eugregoric"),[1] also known as wakefulness-promoting agents and wakefulness-promoting drugs, are a class of drugs that promote wakefulness and alertness.[2][3] They are medically indicated for the treatment of certain sleep disorders including excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) in narcolepsy or obstructive sleep apnea (OSA).[2][3] They generally have a very low addictive potential.[2][3] Eugeroics are also often prescribed off-label for the treatment of EDS in idiopathic hypersomnia,[4] a rare and often debilitating sleep disorder which currently has no official treatments approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA).

Modafinil and armodafinil each act as a selective, weak, atypical dopamine reuptake inhibitor (DRI)[2][3] whereas adrafinil acts as a prodrug for modafinil. Other eugeroics include solriamfetol, which acts as a norepinephrine–dopamine reuptake inhibitor (NDRI), and pitolisant, which acts as a histamine 3 (H₃) receptor antagonist/inverse agonist.




Never marketed[edit]

In development[edit]

See also[edit]



  1. ^ Milgram, Norton W.; Callahan, Heather; Siwak, Christina (2006). "Adrafinil: A Novel Vigilance Promoting Agent". CNS Drug Reviews. 5 (3): 193–212. doi:10.1111/j.1527-3458.1999.tb00100.x. ISSN 1080-563X.
  2. ^ a b c d "Provigil: Prescribing information" (PDF). United States Food and Drug Administration. Cephalon, Inc. January 2015. Retrieved 16 August 2015.
  3. ^ a b c d "Nuvigil: Prescribing information" (PDF). United States Food and Drug Administration. Cephalon, Inc. April 2015. Retrieved 16 August 2015.
  4. ^ "Practice Parameters for the Treatment of Narcolepsy and other Hypersomnias of Central Origin" (PDF). American Academy of Sleep Medicine (AASM). September 2007.
  5. ^ "What is SUNOSI® (solriamfetol) Treatment ? | SUNOSI® for Patients". Retrieved 2020-01-03.
  6. ^ "How WAKIX Works | WAKIX® (pitolisant) tablets". Retrieved 2020-01-03.
  7. ^ "New Data Presented at World Sleep Congress Demonstrate Early Signs of Efficacy for TAK-925, a Selective Orexin Type-2 Receptor (OX2R) Agonist, in Patients with Narcolepsy Type 1". Retrieved 2019-12-06.