FIFA World Cup stadiums

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This article is regarding the stadiums used for FIFA World Cup.

Stadiums choice process[edit]

Firstly, Host country select candidates.

Stadiums requirement history[edit]

Currently, FIFA have established minimum requirements for stadiums capacities.[1] All stadiums must have a capacity of at least 40,000, stadiums hosting semi-finals must have a minimum of 60,000 and those hosting the opening ceremony or final must have a capacity of at least 80,000.[1]

Statistics[edit]

All-time stadiums[edit]

1930[edit]

All 1930 FIFA World Cup matches took place in Montevideo. Three stadiums were used: Estadio Centenario, Estadio Pocitos, and Estadio Parque Central. The Estadio Centenario was built both for the tournament and as a celebration of the centenary of Uruguayan independence. Designed by Juan Scasso,[3] it was the primary stadium for the tournament, referred to by Rimet as a "temple of football".[4] With a capacity of 90,000, it was the largest football stadium outside the British Isles.[5] The stadium hosted 10 of the 18 matches, including both semi-finals and the final. However, a rushed construction schedule and delays caused by the rainy season meant the Centenario was not ready for use until five days into the tournament.[6] Early matches were played at smaller stadiums usually used by Montevideo football clubs Nacional and Peñarol, the 20,000 capacity Parque Central and the Pocitos.

FIFA World Cup stadiums (Uruguay)
Montevideo
Estadio Centenario Estadio Gran Parque Central Estadio Pocitos
34°53′40.38″S 56°9′10.08″W / 34.8945500°S 56.1528000°W / -34.8945500; -56.1528000 (Estadio Centenario) 34°54′4″S 56°9′32″W / 34.90111°S 56.15889°W / -34.90111; -56.15889 (Estadio Gran Parque Central) 34°54′18.378″S 56°9′22.42″W / 34.90510500°S 56.1562278°W / -34.90510500; -56.1562278 (Estadio Pocitos)
Capacity: 90,000 Capacity: 20,000 Capacity: 1,000
Estadio Centenario 1930.jpg Gran Parque Central 1900.jpg Estadio Pocitos 1930.jpg

1934[edit]

During the 1934 FIFA World Cup the number of supporters travelling from other countries was higher than at any previous football tournament, including 7,000 from the Netherlands and 10,000 each from Austria and Switzerland.[7]

Milan Bologna Rome Florence
Stadio San Siro Stadio Littoriale Stadio Nazionale PNF Stadio Giovanni Berta
Capacity: 55,000 Capacity: 50,100 Capacity: 47,300 Capacity: 47,290
StadioMilano1934.jpg Stadio Littoriale Bologna.jpg Stadio Pnf.jpg Stadio Comunale Giovanni Berta.jpg
Naples Genoa Turin Trieste
Stadio Giorgio Ascarelli Stadio Luigi Ferraris Stadio Benito Mussolini Stadio Littorio
Capacity: 40,000 Capacity: 36,703 Capacity: 28,140 Capacity: 8,000
StadioPartenopeo.jpg Vecchio Stadio Marassi 1.jpg Stadio Comunale Benito Mussolini.jpg StadiodelLittorio.jpg

1938[edit]

Ten cities were planned to host the 1938 FIFA World Cup tournament; of these, all hosted matches except Lyon, which did not due to Austria's withdrawal.

Paris Marseille
Stade Olympique de Colombes Parc des Princes Stade Vélodrome
Capacity: 60,000 Capacity: 48,712 Capacity: 48,000
Stade Yves du Manoir Colombes7.jpg Paris-Parc-des-Princes.jpg Vue du virage Depé.jpg
Lyon Toulouse Bordeaux Strasbourg
Stade Gerland
(only match cancelled)
Stade Chapou Parc Lescure Stade de la Meinau
Capacity: 40,500 Capacity: 35,472 Capacity: 34,694 Capacity: 30,000
Stade-Gerland-RWC2007.JPG Stadium TFC LOSC mai2013 2.JPG Panorama Chaban-Delmas.jpg Stade de la Meinau fassade2.JPG
Le Havre Reims Lille Antibes
Stade Municipal Vélodrome Municipal Stade Victor Boucquey Stade du Fort Carré
Capacity: 22,000 Capacity: 21,684 Capacity: 15,000 Capacity: 7,000
Stade municipal du Havre - Wedstrijd Nederland-Tsjechoslowakije, WK 1938.jpg Stade Auguste-Delaune 2 Tribünen.JPG LilleOM-1937.jpg Stade du Fort Carré, Antibes, France.jpg

1950[edit]

Six venues in six cities around Brazil hosted the 22 matches played for the 1950 FIFA World Cup. The Maracanã in the then-capital of Rio de Janeiro hosted eight matches, including all but one of the host's matches, including the Maracanazo match in the second round robin group that decided the winners of the tournament. The Pacaembu stadium in São Paulo hosted six matches; these two stadiums in São Paulo and Rio were the only venues that hosted the second round robin matches. The Estádio Sete de Setembro in Belo Horizonte hosted three matches, the Durival de Britto stadium in Curitiba and the Eucaliptos stadium in Porto Alegre each hosted two matches, and the Ilha do Retiro stadium in far-away Recife only hosted one match.

Rio de Janeiro São Paulo Belo Horizonte
Estádio do Maracanã Estádio do Pacaembu Estádio Sete de Setembro
22°54′43.8″S 43°13′48.59″W / 22.912167°S 43.2301639°W / -22.912167; -43.2301639 (Estádio do Maracanã) 23°32′55.1″S 46°39′54.4″W / 23.548639°S 46.665111°W / -23.548639; -46.665111 (Estádio do Pacaembu) 19°54′30″S 43°55′4″W / 19.90833°S 43.91778°W / -19.90833; -43.91778 (Estádio Independência)
Capacity: 96,000 Capacity: 60,000 Capacity: 30,000
Maracana Stadium.jpg Estadio Pacaembu3.jpg Independ1.jpg
Curitiba Porto Alegre Recife
Estádio Durival de Britto Estádio dos Eucaliptos Estádio Ilha do Retiro
25°26′22″S 49°15′21″W / 25.43944°S 49.25583°W / -25.43944; -49.25583 (Estádio Vila Capanema) 30°3′42″S 51°13′38″W / 30.06167°S 51.22722°W / -30.06167; -51.22722 (Estádio dos Eucaliptos) 8°3′46.63″S 34°54′10.73″W / 8.0629528°S 34.9029806°W / -8.0629528; -34.9029806 (Estádio Ilha do Retiro)
Capacity: 10,000 Capacity: 20,000 Capacity: 20,000
Vila Capanema aérea 2.jpg Estádio Ilha do Retiro - 2.jpg

1954[edit]

Six venues in six cities (1 venue in each city) hosted the 1954 FIFA World Cup tournament's 26 matches. The most used stadium was the St. Jakob stadium in Basel, which hosted 6 matches. The venues in Bern, Zurich and Lausanne each hosted 5 matches, the venue in Geneva hosted 4 matches and the venue in Lugano only hosted 1 match.

SpielorteSoccerWM1954.png

Bern Basel Lausanne
Wankdorf Stadium
(upgraded)
St. Jakob Stadium Stade olympique de la Pontaise
(upgraded)
46°57′46″N 7°27′54″E / 46.96278°N 7.46500°E / 46.96278; 7.46500 (Wankdorf Stadium) 47°32′29″N 7°37′12″E / 47.54139°N 7.62000°E / 47.54139; 7.62000 (St. Jakob Stadium) 46°32′00″N 006°37′27″E / 46.53333°N 6.62417°E / 46.53333; 6.62417 (Stade olympique de la Pontaise)
Capacity: 64,600 Capacity: 54,800 Capacity: 50,300
Wankdorf demolition 1.jpg ETH-BIB-Basel, St. Jakob, Stadion, Fussballspiel-LBS H1-016082.tif Stade Olympique.jpg
Geneva Lugano Zürich
Charmilles Stadium Cornaredo Stadium Hardturm Stadium
46°12′33″N 6°07′06″E / 46.2091°N 6.1182°E / 46.2091; 6.1182 (Charmilles Stadium) 46°01′25″N 8°57′42″E / 46.02361°N 8.96167°E / 46.02361; 8.96167 (Cornaredo Stadium) 47°23′35″N 8°30′17″E / 47.39306°N 8.50472°E / 47.39306; 8.50472 (Hardturm Stadium)
Capacity: 35,997 Capacity: 35,800 Capacity: 34,800
Ouches oct 2008 (21).jpg YB-Lugano 049.jpg Hardturm retouched.jpg

1958[edit]

A total of twelve cities throughout the central and southern parts of Sweden hosted the 1958 FIFA World Cup tournament. FIFA regulations required at least six stadiums to have a capacity of at least 20,000.[8] If Denmark had qualified, the organisers had planned to use the Idrætsparken in Copenhagen for Denmark's group matches.[8] The Idrætsparken was renovated in 1956 with this in mind, but Denmark lost out to England in qualification.[8] When doubts arose about whether funding would be forthcoming for rebuilding the Ullevi and Malmö Stadion, the organisers considered stadiums in Copenhagen and Oslo as contingency measures.[9]

The Rasunda Stadium was expanded from 38,000 for the World Cup by building end stands.[10] Organising committee chairman Holger Bergérus mortgaged his house to pay for this.[10] The new Malmö Stadion was built for the World Cup, replacing the 1896 Malmö Stadion at a new site[11] The Idrottsparken had 4,709 seats added for the World Cup. The Social Democratic municipal government refused to pay for this until the organisers threatened to select Folkungavallen in Linköping instead.[12] At the Rimnersvallen, a stand from the smaller Oddevallen stadium was moved to Rimnersvallen for the World Cup. The crowd at Brazil v. Austria was estimated at 21,000, with more looking in from the adjoining hillside.[10] The most used stadium was the Rasunda Stadium in Stockholm, which hosted 8 matches including the final, followed by the Ullevi Stadium in Gothenburg (the biggest stadium used during the tournament), which hosted 7 matches.

Solna (Stockholm) Gothenburg Malmö Helsingborg Eskilstuna Norrköping
Råsunda Stadium Ullevi Stadium Malmö Stadion Olympia Tunavallen Idrottsparken
Capacity: 52,400 Capacity: 53,500 Capacity: 30,000 Capacity: 27,000 Capacity: 20,000 Capacity: 20,000
Råsunda February 2013 01.jpg Aerial photo of Gothenburg 2013-10-27 225.jpg South Stand, Malmö Stadion.jpg Olympia Helsingborg.jpg Tunavallen 2011.jpg Nyaparken.jpg
Sandviken Uddevalla Borås Halmstad Örebro Västerås
Jernvallen Rimnersvallen Ryavallen Örjans Vall Eyravallen Arosvallen
Capacity: 20,000 Capacity: 17,778 Capacity: 15,000 Capacity: 15,000 Capacity: 13,000 Capacity: 10,000
Jernvallen.jpg Rimnersvallen.jpg Ryavallen, main stand, january 2008.JPG Örjan.JPG Behrn Arena 2008.JPG

1962[edit]

Originally, eight stadiums were selected to host the World Cup matches in eight different cities: Santiago, Viña del Mar, Rancagua, Arica, Talca, Concepción, Talcahuano and Valdivia.

The Valdivia earthquake, the most powerful earthquake ever recorded, occurred on 22 May 1960. With over 50,000 casualties and more than 2 million people affected, the earthquake forced the organising committee to completely modify the World Cup's calendar. Talca, Concepción, Talcahuano and Valdivia were severely damaged and discarded as venues. Antofagasta and Valparaíso declined to host any matches as their venues were not financially self-sustainable. Viña del Mar and Arica managed to rebuild their stadiums while Braden Copper Company, then an American company that controlled the El Teniente copper mine, allowed the use of its stadium in Rancagua. The most used stadium was the Estadio Nacional in Santiago, with 10 matches; the Estadio Sausalito in Viña del Mar hosted 8 matches, and the stadiums in Rancagua and far-away Arica (the only location that was not close to the other cities) both hosted 7 matches.

Being largely concerned with the build-up of the country after the 1960 earthquake, government support for the tournament was minimal.[13]

FIFA World Cup stadiums (Chile)
Santiago Viña del Mar
Estadio Nacional Estadio Sausalito
33°27′52″S 70°36′38″W / 33.46444°S 70.61056°W / -33.46444; -70.61056 (Estadio Nacional Julio Martínez Prádanos) 33°00′51.83″S 71°32′6.84″W / 33.0143972°S 71.5352333°W / -33.0143972; -71.5352333 (Estadio Sausalito)
Capacity: 66,660 Capacity: 18,037
Estadio Nacional de Chile.jpg EstadioSausalito.jpg
Rancagua Arica
Estadio Braden Copper Co. Estadio Carlos Dittborn
34°10′39.95″S 70°44′15.79″W / 34.1777639°S 70.7377194°W / -34.1777639; -70.7377194 (Estadio El Teniente) 18°29′15.47″S 70°17′56.96″W / 18.4876306°S 70.2991556°W / -18.4876306; -70.2991556 (Estadio Carlos Dittborn)
Capacity: 18,000 Capacity: 17,786
Estadio El Teniente 2009.jpg Estadio Carlos Dittborn de Arica.jpg

1966[edit]

Eight venues were used for this World Cup. The newest and biggest venue used was Wembley Stadium in west London, which was 43 years old in 1966. As was often the case in the World Cup, group matches were played in two venues in close proximity to each other. Group 1 matches (which included the hosts) were all played in London: five at Wembley, which was England's national stadium and was considered to be the most important football venue in the world; and one at White City Stadium in west London, which was used as a temporary replacement for nearby Wembley. The group stage match between Uruguay and France played at White City Stadium (originally built for the 1908 Summer Olympics) was scheduled for a Friday, the same day as regularly scheduled greyhound racing at Wembley. Because Wembley's owner refused to cancel this, the game had to be moved to the alternative venue in London. Group 2's matches were played at Hillsborough Stadium in Sheffield and Villa Park in Birmingham; Group 3's matches were played at Old Trafford in Manchester and Goodison Park in Liverpool; and Group 4's matches were played at Ayresome Park in Middlesbrough and Roker Park in Sunderland.

The most used venue was Wembley, which was used for nine matches, including all six featuring England, the final and the third-place match. Goodison Park was used for five matches, Roker Park and Hillsborough both hosted four, while Old Trafford, Villa Park and Ayresome Park each hosted three matches and did not host any knockout round matches.

London Manchester Birmingham
Wembley Stadium White City Stadium Old Trafford Villa Park
Capacity: 98,600 Capacity: 76,567 Capacity: 58,000 Capacity: 52,000
Old Wembley Stadium (external view).jpg White City Stadium 1908.jpg Stretford end 1992.JPG Holt End in 1983.jpg
Sheffield Sunderland Middlesbrough Liverpool
Hillsborough Stadium Roker Park Ayresome Park Goodison Park
Capacity: 42,730 Capacity: 40,310 Capacity: 40,000 Capacity: 50,151
Hillsborough Clock.JPG Roker Park August 1976.jpg Ayresome Park in 1991 - geograph.org.uk - 2796728.jpg Goodisonview1.JPG

1970[edit]

Five stadiums in five different cities were selected to host the World Cup matches. Alternative venues in Hidalgo state and the port city of Veracruz were also considered.[14] Each group was based solely in one city with exception of Group 2, which was staged in both Puebla and Toluca. Aside from the Estadio Luis Dosal, all the stadia had only been constructed during the 1960s, as Mexico prepared to host both the World Cup and the 1968 Summer Olympics.[15]

The altitude of the venues varied and the importance of acclimatisation was strongly considered by all the participating teams. As a result, in contrast to the previous tournament staged in England, most teams arrived in the region well in advance of their opening fixtures to prepare for this factor.[16][17] Some teams had already experienced the local conditions when competing in the football competition at 1968 Summer Olympics.[18] At an elevation in excess of 2,660 metres (8,730 ft) above sea level, Toluca was the highest of the venues; Guadalajara was the lowest at 1,500 m (4,920 ft).

Of the five stadia used for the 32 matches played, the largest and most used venue was the Azteca Stadium in Mexico City; which hosted ten total matches including the final and third place matches, and all of Group 1's matches (which included all of host Mexico's matches). The Jalisco Stadium in Guadalajara hosted eight matches including all of Group 3's matches and a semi-final. The Nou Camp Stadium in Leon hosted seven matches, which consisted of all of Group 4's matches and a quarter-final match. The Luis Dosal stadium in Toluca hosted four matches, and Cuauhtémoc stadium in Puebla hosted three matches and was the only stadium of the five used for this tournament not to host any knockout rounds.

FIFA World Cup stadiums (Mexico)
Mexico City Guadalajara
Estadio Azteca Estadio Jalisco
Capacity: 107,247 Capacity: 71,100
Panorama Estadio Azteca football game Club America.jpg Estadio jalisco.jpg
Puebla Toluca León
Estadio Cuauhtémoc Estadio Luis Dosal Estadio Nou Camp
Capacity: 35,563 Capacity: 26,900 Capacity: 23,609
El Estadio Cuauhtémoc.jpg Nemesio diez.JPG EstadioLeon.jpg

1974[edit]

Munich West Berlin Stuttgart Gelsenkirchen Düsseldorf
Olympiastadion Olympiastadion Neckarstadion Parkstadion Rheinstadion
Capacity: 77,573 Capacity: 86,000 Capacity: 72,200 Capacity: 72,000 Capacity: 70,100
Olympiastadion Muenchen.jpg Berliner Olympiastadion innen.jpg Gottlieb-daimler-stadion.jpg Parkstadion gelsenkirchen 2.jpg Altes Rheinstadion.jpg
Frankfurt Hamburg Hanover Dortmund
Waldstadion Volksparkstadion Niedersachsenstadion Westfalenstadion
Capacity: 62,200 Capacity: 61,300 Capacity: 60,400 Capacity: 53,600
Waldstadionold1.jpg Das Volksparkstadion 1983.jpg AWD Eingang08.jpg Panoramio - V&A Dudush - 2001 (1).jpg

1978[edit]

Of the 6 venues used, the Argentine national stadium, the Estadio Monumental in Buenos Aires was the largest and most used venue, hosting 9 total matches, including the final match. The Carreras Stadium in Cordoba hosted 8 matches, the stadiums in Mendoza, Rosario and Mar del Plata each hosted 6 matches and the Jose Amalfitani stadium in Buenos Aires hosted 3 matches. The Minella stadium in Mar del Plata was heavily criticized due to its terrible pitch, which was deemed "nearly unplayable"; whereas the Amalfitani stadium in Buenos Aires, the least used stadium for this tournament, was praised for its very good pitch.[19]

Brazil was forced by tournament organizers to play all three of its first group matches in Mar del Plata.

Buenos Aires Córdoba
Estadio Monumental Estadio José Amalfitani Estadio Córdoba
Capacity: 74,624 Capacity: 49,318 Capacity: 46,986
Estadio Monumental Mundial 78.jpg Estadio José Amalfitani.JPG Estadio Córdoba (Arg vs Ghana) 1.jpg
Mar del Plata Rosario Mendoza
Estadio José María Minella Estadio Gigante de Arroyito Estadio Ciudad de Mendoza
Capacity: 43,542 Capacity: 41,654 Capacity: 34,954
PT ESTADIO2.jpg Postal 1978-2.JPG Estadio Malvinas Argentinas en 1978.jpg

1982[edit]

17 stadiums in 14 cities hosted the tournament, a record until the 2002 tournament which was hosted by 20 stadiums.[20] The most used stadium was FC Barcelona's Camp Nou stadium which hosted 5 matches including a semi-final match; it was the largest stadium used for this tournament. In addition to Barcelona's Sarria Stadium hosting 3 total matches, Barcelona was the Spanish city with the most matches in Espana '82 with 8; the Spanish capital of Madrid followed with 7.

This particular World Cup was organized in such a way where all of the matches of each of the six groups of four were assigned stadiums in cities close in proximity to each other; reducing the stress of travel on the players and fans. For example: Group 1 only played in Vigo and A Coruña, Group 2 only played in Gijon and Oviedo, Group 3 only played in Elche and Alicante (except for the first match, which was the opening match of the tournament, which was played at the Camp Nou), Group 4 played only in Bilbao and Valladolid (England played all their first round group matches in Bilbao), Group 5 (which included hosts Spain) was played exclusively in Valencia and Zaragoza, and Group 6 played exclusively in Seville and Malaga (of the 3 1st round matches in Seville, the first match between Brazil and the USSR was played in the Pizjuan Stadium, and the other two were played in the Villamarin Stadium).

When the tournament went into the round-robin second round matches, all the aforementioned cities excluding Barcelona, Alicante and Seville did not host any more matches in Espana '82. Both the Santiago Bernabeu and Vicente Calderon stadiums in Madrid and the Sarria Stadium in Barcelona were used for the first time for this tournament for the second round matches. Madrid and Barcelona hosted the four second round group matches; Barcelona hosted Groups A and C (Camp Nou hosted all 3 of Group A's matches, and Sarria did the same with Group C's matches) and Madrid hosted Groups B and D (Real Madrid's Bernabeu Stadium hosted all 3 of Group B's matches, and Atletico Madrid's Calderon Stadium did the same with the Group D matches)

The two semi final matches were held at Camp Nou and the Pizjuan Stadium in Seville, the third largest stadium used for the tournament (one of only 2 Espana '82 matches it hosted), the third place match was held in Alicante and the final was held at the Bernabeu, the second largest stadium used for this tournament.[21]

Spain's hot summer climate was avoided by playing most matches in the late afternoon or at night; for instance Seville- which is one of the hottest cities in Europe, with June and July average temperatures going past the 90s Fahrenheit (32 Celsius)- could only play its matches at 21:00. During the group stages, all the southern coastal cities with their hot summer weather saw all their matches start at 21:00 local time; and the northern cities with their cooler weather had their matches start at 17:15 local time.

Madrid Barcelona Elche
Santiago Bernabéu Vicente Calderón Camp Nou Sarrià Martínez Valero
Capacity: 90,800 Capacity: 65,695 Capacity: 97,679 Capacity: 40,400 Capacity: 53,290
Bernabeu stadium.jpg Vicente-Calderon-1-070910.jpg Camp Nou aerial (cropped).jpg Sarrià.jpg Elche-Xerez.jpg
Sevilla Valencia Bilbao Gijón
Ramón Sánchez Pizjuán Benito Villamarín Luis Casanova San Mamés El Molinón
Capacity: 68,110 Capacity: 50,253 Capacity: 47,542 Capacity: 46,223 Capacity: 45,153
EstadioRamonSanchezPizjuan-SevillaFC.JPG Stade Manuel Ruiz de Lopera Séville.JPG Mestalla trofeu taronja 120811.jpg San mames uefa.png Grada norte de El Molinón.jpg
Zaragoza Málaga A Coruña Vigo Valladolid Alicante Oviedo
La Romareda La Rosaleda Riazor Balaídos José Zorrilla José Rico Pérez Carlos Tartiere
Capacity: 41,806 Capacity: 34,411 Capacity: 34,190 Capacity: 33,000 Capacity: 29,990 Capacity: 28,421 Capacity: 23,500
Grada Norte La Romareda.jpg Estado de la Rosaleda (Málaga C.F.).jpg Estadio de Riazor.A Corunha.Galiza.jpg Grada Río.JPG Estadio José Zorrilla desde Preferencia A.jpg Estadio Jose Rico Perez.JPG Estadio Carlos Tartiere 03.jpg

1986[edit]

Eleven cities hosted the tournament. The Azteca Stadium in Mexico City, the largest stadium used for the tournament, hosted 9 matches (including the final), more than any other stadium used. Mexico City hosted 13 total matches; the Olimpico Universitario Stadium hosted 4 matches (if the Mexico City suburban town Nezahualcoyotl's matches are included, this brings the total up to 16 matches). The Jalisco Stadium in Guadalajara hosted 7 matches, and the Cuauhtémoc Stadium in Puebla hosted 5 matches.

The hot and rainy summer weather in Mexico varied from desert locations like Monterrey to tropical locations such as Guadalajara; but perhaps the greatest hardship the players had to contend with was the high altitude of the Mexican locations. With the exception of Monterrey (still 2,000 feet above sea level), all of the stadia were located in cities that varied anywhere from Guadalajara being 5,138 feet (1,566 meters) above sea level to Toluca being 8,730 feet (2,661 m) above sea level- making conditions very difficult for the players running around in these stadia. Mexico City, the location of the final match and the location where the most matches were played was 7,380 feet (2,250 m) above sea level.

FIFA World Cup stadiums is located in Mexico
2
2
9
9
7
7
1
1
6
6
8
8
3
3
5
5
4
4
11
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1. Mexico City, 2. Guadalajara, 3. Puebla, 4. San Nicolás,
5. Querétaro, 6. Monterrey, 7. León, 8. Nezahualcóyotl,
9. Irapuato, 10. Zapopan, 11. Toluca.

Mexico City Guadalajara Puebla San Nicolás de los Garza
Estadio Azteca Estadio Olímpico Universitario Estadio Jalisco Estadio Cuauhtémoc Estadio Universitario
Capacity: 110,574 Capacity: 72,212 Capacity: 66,193 Capacity: 46,416 Capacity: 43,780
Estadio Azteca1706p2.jpg Estadio Olímpico Universitario 2.jpeg Estadio jalisco.jpg Estadio Cuauhtémoc, Puebla.jpg Estadio Universitario Concachampions.jpg
Querétaro Nezahualcoyotl Monterrey Toluca Irapuato León Zapopan
Estadio La Corregidora Estadio Neza 86 Estadio Tecnológico Estadio Nemesio Díez Estadio Sergio León Chávez Estadio Nou Camp Estadio Tres de Marzo
Capacity: 38,576 Capacity: 34,536 Capacity: 33,805 Capacity: 32,612 Capacity: 31,336 Capacity: 30,531 Capacity: 30,015
Estadio la Corregidora.JPG EntranceEstadioNeza86.JPG ITESM Estadio Tecnologico.jpg B4GameTolChivas.JPG Estadio SLC Irapuato.jpg EstadioLeon.jpg Tecos stadium.jpg

All of these venues except Monterrey were located in central Mexico, as this tournament was organized with the then-standard way of keeping teams playing in locations in close proximity to each other. Group A only played at the Olimpico and in Puebla (except for the Bulgaria-Italy opening tournament match, which was played in the Azteca), Group B only played at the Azteca and in Toluca (hosts Mexico were part of this group; they played all their group stage matches at the Azteca), Group C played in León and Irapuato, Group D only played in Guadalajara (including the Guadalajara area town of Zapopan; the last match of this group was played in Monterrey), Group E exclusively played in Querétaro and Nezahualcóyotl, and Group F played in the northern city of Monterrey (including the Monterrey area town of San Nicolas de los Garza; the last match of this group was played in Guadalajara). All of the venues listed hosted knockout round matches except the ones in Nezahualcoyotl, Irapuato, Zapopan, Toluca and the Estadio Tecnologico in Monterrey.

1990[edit]

Twelve stadiums were selected to host the World Cup matches in twelve different cities. The Stadio San Nicola in Bari and Turin's Stadio delle Alpi were completely new venues opened for the World Cup.

The remaining ten venues all underwent extensive programmes of improvements in preparation for the tournament, forcing many of the club tenants of the stadia to move to temporary homes. Additional seating and roofs were added to most stadia, with further redevelopments seeing running tracks removed and new pitches laid. Due to structural constraints, several of the existing stadia had to be virtually rebuilt to implement the changes required.

Like Espana '82, the group stage of this tournament was organized in such a way where specific groups only played in two cities close in proximity to each other. Group A only played in Rome and Florence (Hosts Italy played all their competitive matches in Rome, except for their semi-final and third place matches, which were played in Naples and Bari, respectively), Group B played their matches in Naples and Bari (except for Argentina vs. Cameroon, which was the opening match of the tournament, played in Milan), Group C played their matches in Turin and Genoa, Group D played all their matches in Milan and Bologna, Group E played only in Udine and Verona, and Group F played on the island cities of Cagliari and Palermo. The cities that hosted the most World Cup matches were the two biggest cities in Italy: Rome and Milan, each hosting six matches, and Bari, Naples and Turin each hosted five matches. Cagliari, Udine and Palermo were the only cities of the 12 selected that did not host any knockout round matches.

The England national team, at the British government's request, were forced to play all their matches in Cagliari on the island of Sardinia. Hooliganism, rife in English football in the 1980s, had followed the national team while they played friendlies on the European continent – the distrust of English fans was so high that the English FA's reputation and even diplomatic relations between the UK and Italy were seen to be at risk if England played any group stage matches on the Italian mainland. Thanks largely to British Sports Minister Colin Moynihan's negative remarks about English fans weeks before the match, security around Cagliari during England's three matches there was extremely heavy – in addition to 7,000 local police and Carabineri, highly trained Italian military special forces were also there patrolling the premises. The Italian authorities' heavy presence proved to be justified as there were several riots during the time England were playing their matches in Cagliari, leading to a number of injuries, arrests and even deportations.[22][23]

Most of the construction cost in excess of their original estimates and total costs ended up being over £550 million (approximately $935 million). Rome's Stadio Olimpico which would host the final was the most expensive project overall, while Udine's Stadio Friuli, the newest of the existing stadia (opened 14 years prior), cost the least to redevelop.

Rome Milan Naples Turin
Stadio Olimpico San Siro Stadio San Paolo Stadio delle Alpi
41°56′1.99″N 12°27′17.23″E / 41.9338861°N 12.4547861°E / 41.9338861; 12.4547861 (Stadio Olimpico) 45°28′40.89″N 9°7′27.14″E / 45.4780250°N 9.1242056°E / 45.4780250; 9.1242056 (San Siro) 40°49′40.68″N 14°11′34.83″E / 40.8279667°N 14.1930083°E / 40.8279667; 14.1930083 (Stadio San Paolo) 45°06′34.42″N 7°38′28.54″E / 45.1095611°N 7.6412611°E / 45.1095611; 7.6412611 (Stadio delle Alpi)
Capacity: 84,800[24][25] Capacity: 83,407[24][25] Capacity: 83,311[24][25] Capacity: 71,362[24][25]
Stadio Olimpico 2008.JPG Scudo2009.jpg StadioSanPaolo.jpg Stadio delle Alpi, full house (1484465461).jpg
Bari Florence Genoa Cagliari
Stadio San Nicola Stadio Comunale Stadio Luigi Ferraris Stadio Sant'Elia
41°5′5.05″N 16°50′24.26″E / 41.0847361°N 16.8400722°E / 41.0847361; 16.8400722 (Stadio San Nicola) 43°46′50.96″N 11°16′56.13″E / 43.7808222°N 11.2822583°E / 43.7808222; 11.2822583 (Stadio Artemio Franchi) 44°24′59.15″N 8°57′8.74″E / 44.4164306°N 8.9524278°E / 44.4164306; 8.9524278 (Stadio Luigi Ferraris) 39°11′57.82″N 9°8′5.83″E / 39.1993944°N 9.1349528°E / 39.1993944; 9.1349528 (Stadio Sant'Elia)
Capacity: 58,270[24][25] Capacity: 49,000[24][25] Capacity: 44,800[24][25] Capacity: 44,200[24][25]
Stadio San Nicola.jpg Soccer in Florence, Italy, 2007.jpg Stadio Luigi Ferraris di Genova.jpg Stadio Sant'Elia -Cagliari -Italy-23Oct2008 crop.jpg
Verona Udine Bologna Palermo
Stadio Marc'Antonio Bentegodi Stadio Friuli Stadio Renato Dall'Ara Stadio La Favorita
45°26′7.28″N 10°58′7.13″E / 45.4353556°N 10.9686472°E / 45.4353556; 10.9686472 (Stadio Marc'Antonio Bentegodi) 46°4′53.77″N 13°12′0.49″E / 46.0816028°N 13.2001361°E / 46.0816028; 13.2001361 (Stadio Friuli) 44°29′32.33″N 11°18′34.80″E / 44.4923139°N 11.3096667°E / 44.4923139; 11.3096667 (Stadio Renato Dall'Ara) 38°9′9.96″N 13°20′32.19″E / 38.1527667°N 13.3422750°E / 38.1527667; 13.3422750 (Stadio Renzo Barbera)
Capacity: 43,216[24][25] Capacity: 42,311[24][25] Capacity: 41,200[24][25] Capacity: 40,632[24][25]
Bentegodiverona.jpeg Stadio Friuli.JPG BolognaStadioRenatoDallAra.JPG Palermo-Catania 2006.jpg

1994[edit]

he games were played in nine cities across the country. All stadiums had a capacity of at least 53,000, and their usual tenants were professional or college American football teams. The venue used most was the Rose Bowl in Pasadena, with eight games, among them one round of 16 match, a semi-final, the third-place game, and the final. The least used was the Pontiac Silverdome near Detroit, the first indoor stadium used in a World Cup, with four group stage games. The Pontiac Silverdome was also the only venue of the 9 used that did not host any knockout round matches.

Because of the large area of the continental United States, the match locations were often far apart. Some teams in Groups A and B had to travel from Los Angeles or San Francisco all the way to Detroit and back again, covering 2,300 mi (3,680 km) and three time zones one way. The teams in Groups C and D only played in Foxborough (Boston), Chicago and Dallas – a trip from Boston to Dallas is 2,000 miles (3,200 km), but only covers one time zone; Chicago is in the same time zone as Dallas but is still 1,000 miles (1,600 km) away from both Dallas and Boston. The teams in Groups E and F's travel was a bit easier – they played exclusively in East Rutherford (New York City), Washington and Orlando. A few teams such as Cameroon and Italy did not have to travel great distances to cities to play matches.

The variety of climate in different cities all over the United States made playing conditions challenging; aside from the oceanic coolness of Boston (Foxborough), the Mediterranean climate of San Francisco (Stanford) and occasionally the coolness of Chicago, most matches were played in very hot and/or humid conditions. Although playing in the sometimes triple-digit dry heat and smoggy conditions of Los Angeles (Pasadena) and the intense mixture of heat and humidity of Washington and New York City (East Rutherford) proved to be difficult, the cities with the most oppressive conditions were the southern cities of Orlando and Dallas because of the combination of triple-digit heat and extreme humidity.[26] The Floridian tropical climate of Orlando meant all matches there were played in temperatures of 95 °F (35 °C) or above with humidity at 70% or more (the temperature there during the group stage match between Mexico and Ireland was 105 °F (41 °C)) thanks to the mid-day start times.[27] Dallas was not much different: in the semi-arid heat of a Texas summer, temperatures exceeded 100 °F (38 °C) during mid-day, when matches there were staged in the open-type Cotton Bowl meant that conditions were just as oppressive there as they were in Orlando.[28] Detroit also proved to be difficult: the Pontiac Silverdome did not have a working cooling system and because it was an interior dome-shaped stadium, the air could not escape through circulation, so temperatures inside the stadium would climb past 90 °F (32 °C) with 40% humidity. United States midfielder Thomas Dooley described the Silverdome as "the worst place I have ever played at".[29]

Pasadena, California
(Los Angeles area)
Stanford, California
(San Francisco Bay area)
Pontiac, Michigan
(Detroit area)
Rose Bowl Stanford Stadium Pontiac Silverdome
Capacity: 91,794 Capacity: 80,906 Capacity: 77,557
2018.06.17 Over the Rose Bowl, Pasadena, CA USA 0039 (42855669451) (cropped).jpg StanfordStadium2004.jpg Silverdome 2.jpg
East Rutherford, New Jersey
(New York City area)
Dallas, Texas Chicago, Illinois Orlando, Florida Foxborough, Massachusetts
(Boston area)
Washington, D.C.
Giants Stadium Cotton Bowl Soldier Field Citrus Bowl Foxboro Stadium Robert F. Kennedy Memorial Stadium
Capacity: 75,338 Capacity: 63,998 Capacity: 63,117 Capacity: 61,219 Capacity: 53,644 Capacity: 53,142
Giants Stadium aerial crop.jpg Cottonbowldallas crop.png Soldier Field Chicago aerial view crop.jpg Citrus Bowl aerial view crop.jpg Foxborostade crop 1.png RFK Stadium aerial photo, 1988.JPEG

1998[edit]

France's bid to host the World Cup centered on a national stadium with 80,000 seats and nine other stadiums located across the country.[30] When the finals were originally awarded in July 1992, none of the regional club grounds were of a capacity meeting FIFA's requirements – namely being able to safely seat 40,000.[30] The proposed national stadium, colloquially referred to as the 'Grand stade' met with controversy at every stage of planning; the stadium's location was determined by politics, finance and national symbolism.[31] As Mayor of Paris, Jacques Chirac successfully negotiated a deal with Prime Minister Édouard Balladur to bring the Stade de France – as it was named now, to the commune of Saint-Denis just north of the capital city.[31] Construction on the stadium started in December 1995 and was completed after 26 months of work in November 1997 at a cost of ₣2.67 billion.[32]

The choice of stadium locations was drafted from an original list of 14 cities.[33] FIFA and CFO monitored the progress and quality of preparations, culminating in the former providing final checks of the grounds weeks before the tournament commenced. Montpellier was the surprise inclusion from the final list of cities because of its low urban hierarchy in comparison to Strasbourg, who boasted a better hierarchy and success from its local football team, having been taken over by a consortium. Montpellier however was considered ambitious by the selecting panel to host World Cup matches. The local city and regional authories in particular had invested heavily into football the previous two decades and were able to measure economic effects, in terms of jobs as early as in 1997.[34] Some of the venues used for this tournament were also used for the previous World Cup in France in 1938. The Stade Vélodrome in Marseille, the Stade Municipal in Toulouse, the Gerland in Lyon, the Parc Lescure in Bordeaux and the Parc des Princes in Paris received the honour of hosting World Cup matches once again in 1998 as they had all done in 1938.

10 stadiums in total were used for the finals; in addition to nine matches being played at the Stade de France (the most used stadium in the tournament), a further seven matches took place in Paris Saint-Germain's Parc des Princes, bringing Paris's total matches hosted to 16. France played four of their seven matches in the national stadium; they also played in the country's second and third largest cities, Marseille (hosting 7 total matches) and Lyon (hosting 6 total matches), as well as a Round of 16 knockout match in the northern city of Lens (also hosting 6 total matches). Nantes, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Montpellier and Saint-Etienne also hosted 6 matches in total; all of the stadiums used also hosted knockout round matches.

Saint-Denis Marseille Paris Lyon Lens
Stade de France Stade Vélodrome Parc des Princes Stade de Gerland Stade Félix-Bollaert
48°55′28″N 2°21′36″E / 48.92444°N 2.36000°E / 48.92444; 2.36000 (Stade de France) 43°16′11″N 5°23′45″E / 43.26972°N 5.39583°E / 43.26972; 5.39583 (Stade Vélodrome) 48°50′29″N 2°15′11″E / 48.84139°N 2.25306°E / 48.84139; 2.25306 (Parc des Princes) 45°43′26″N 4°49′56″E / 45.72389°N 4.83222°E / 45.72389; 4.83222 (Stade de Gerland) 50°25′58.26″N 2°48′53.47″E / 50.4328500°N 2.8148528°E / 50.4328500; 2.8148528 (Stade Félix-Bollaert)
Capacity: 80,000 Capacity: 60,000 Capacity: 48,875 Capacity: 44,000 Capacity: 41,300
Finale Coupe de France 2010-2011 (Lille LOSC vs Paris SG PSG).jpg Vue du virage Depé.jpg Paris-Parc-des-Princes.jpg Stade-Gerland-RWC2007.JPG Stade Felix-Bollaert.jpg
Nantes Toulouse Saint-Étienne Bordeaux Montpellier
Stade de la Beaujoire Stadium de Toulouse Stade Geoffroy-Guichard Parc Lescure Stade de la Mosson
47°15′20.27″N 1°31′31.35″W / 47.2556306°N 1.5253750°W / 47.2556306; -1.5253750 (Stade de la Beaujoire) 43°34′59.93″N 1°26′2.57″E / 43.5833139°N 1.4340472°E / 43.5833139; 1.4340472 (Stadium de Toulouse) 45°27′38.76″N 4°23′24.42″E / 45.4607667°N 4.3901167°E / 45.4607667; 4.3901167 (Stade Geoffroy-Guichard) 44°49′45″N 0°35′52″W / 44.82917°N 0.59778°W / 44.82917; -0.59778 (Parc Lescure) 43°37′19.85″N 3°48′43.28″E / 43.6221806°N 3.8120222°E / 43.6221806; 3.8120222 (Stade de la Mosson)
Capacity: 39,500 Capacity: 37,000 Capacity: 36,000 Capacity: 35,200 Capacity: 34,000
Stade de la Beaujoire.jpg Stadium TFC LOSC mai2013 2.JPG Stade-GeoffroyGuichard-RWC2007.JPG Stade Chaban-Delmas.jpg Australie-Fidji.4.JPG

2002[edit]

South Korea and Japan each provided 10 venues, the vast majority of them newly built for the tournament. Groups A-D played all their matches in South Korea, and Groups E-H played all their matches in Japan.[35] The stadiums in Daegu, Suwon, Yokohama and Saitama all hosted 4 matches each, while the other 16 stadiums hosted 3 matches each. Notably, no matches were played in Tokyo, making it the first capital of a host country not to have a World Cup venue.

South Korea
Daegu Seoul Busan Incheon Ulsan
Daegu World Cup Stadium
Capacity: 68,014[36]
Group/Knock-out/third place
Seoul World Cup Stadium
Capacity: 63,961[37]
Group/Knock-out
Busan Asiad Stadium
Capacity: 55,982[38]
Group
Incheon Munhak Stadium
Capacity: 52,179[39]
Group
Ulsan Munsu Football Stadium
Capacity: 43,550[40]
Group/Knock-out
Daegu.Stadium.original.2167.jpg 서울월드컵경기장.jpg BusanAsiadStadium.jpg Munhak Stadium Corner.jpg Munsu 20121110 204310 5.jpg
Suwon Gwangju Jeonju Seogwipo Daejeon
Suwon World Cup Stadium
Capacity: 43,188[41]
Group/Knock-out
Gwangju World Cup Stadium
Capacity: 42,880[42]
Group/Knock-out
Jeonju World Cup Stadium
Capacity: 42,391[43]
Group/Knock-out
Jeju World Cup Stadium
Capacity: 42,256[44]
Group/Knock-out
Daejeon World Cup Stadium
Capacity: 40,407[45]
Group/Knock-out
Suwon left.JPG Gwangju World Cup Stadium.jpg Jeonju World Cup Stadium 2016.jpg Jeju World Cup Stadium, Jeju Island.jpg Daejeon World Cup Stadium.JPG
Japan
Yokohama Saitama Fukuroi Osaka Sendai
International Stadium Yokohama
Capacity: 72,327[46]
Group/Knock-out/Final
Saitama Stadium 2002
Capacity: 63,000[47]
Group/Knock-out
Shizuoka "Ecopa" Stadium
Capacity: 50,600[48]
Group/Knock-out
Nagai Stadium
Capacity: 50,000[49]
Group/Knock-out
Miyagi Stadium
Capacity: 49,000[50]
Group/Knock-out
NISSANSTADIUM20080608.JPG Saitamastadium0417.jpg Ecopa030304.jpg Nagai stadium20040717.jpg MiyagiStadiumTrackField.jpg
Ōita Niigata Kashima Kobe Sapporo
Ōita Stadium
Capacity: 43,000[51]
Group/Knock-out
Niigata Stadium
Capacity: 42,300[52]
Group/Knock-out
Kashima Soccer Stadium
Capacity: 42,000[53]
Group
Kobe Wing Stadium
Capacity: 42,000[54]
Group/Knock-out
Sapporo Dome
Capacity: 42,000[55]
Group
Ooita Stadium20090514.jpg Bigswan080628.JPG Kashima Stadium 1.JPG Inside View of Kobe Wing Stadium.jpg Sapporodome201108171.JPG

2006[edit]

In 2006, Germany had a plethora of football stadia that satisfied FIFA's minimum capacity of 40,000 seats for World Cup matches. The still-standing Olympiastadion in Munich (69,250) was not used for the tournament, even though FIFA's regulations allow one city to use two stadia. Düsseldorf's LTU Arena (51,500), Bremen's Weserstadion (43,000) and Mönchengladbach's Borussia-Park (46,249) were also not used.

Twelve stadia were selected to host the World Cup matches. During the tournament, many of them were known by different names, as FIFA prohibits sponsorship of stadia unless the stadium sponsors are also official FIFA sponsors.[56] For example, the Allianz Arena in Munich was known during the competition as FIFA World Cup Stadium, Munich (German: FIFA WM-Stadion München), and even the letters of the company Allianz were removed or covered.[56] Some of the stadia also had a lower capacity for the World Cup, as FIFA regulations ban standing room; nonetheless, this was accommodated as several stadia had a UEFA five-star ranking. The stadia in Berlin, Munich, Dortmund and Stuttgart hosted six matches each, while the other eight stadia hosted five matches each.

Berlin Dortmund Munich Stuttgart Gelsenkirchen
Olympiastadion Westfalenstadion Allianz Arena Gottlieb-Daimler-Stadion Arena AufSchalke
FIFA World Cup Stadium, Dortmund FIFA World Cup Stadium, Munich FIFA World Cup Stadium, Gelsenkirchen
52°30′53″N 13°14′22″E / 52.51472°N 13.23944°E / 52.51472; 13.23944 (Olympiastadion (Berlin)) 51°29′33.25″N 7°27′6.63″E / 51.4925694°N 7.4518417°E / 51.4925694; 7.4518417 (Signal Iduna Park) 48°13′7.59″N 11°37′29.11″E / 48.2187750°N 11.6247528°E / 48.2187750; 11.6247528 (Allianz Arena) 48°47′32.17″N 9°13′55.31″E / 48.7922694°N 9.2320306°E / 48.7922694; 9.2320306 (Mercedes-Benz Arena) 51°33′16.21″N 7°4′3.32″E / 51.5545028°N 7.0675889°E / 51.5545028; 7.0675889 (Arena AufSchalke)
Capacity: 72,000[57] Capacity: 65,000[58] Capacity: 66,000[59] Capacity: 52,000[60] Capacity: 52,000[61]
Stade Olympique Berlin Ext.JPG Signal Iduna Park, Dortmund (10570049065).jpg München - Allianz-Arena (Luftbild).jpg Luftbild Daimlerstadion Schleyerhalle Porsche-Arena.jpg Veltins-arena-2016.jpg
Hamburg Frankfurt Cologne Hanover Leipzig Kaiserslautern Nuremberg
Volksparkstadion Commerzbank-Arena RheinEnergieStadion Niedersachsenstadion Zentralstadion Fritz-Walter-Stadion Max-Morlock-Stadion
FIFA World Cup Stadium, Hamburg FIFA World Cup Stadium, Frankfurt FIFA World Cup Stadium, Cologne FIFA World Cup Stadium, Hanover Frankenstadion
53°35′13.77″N 9°53′55.02″E / 53.5871583°N 9.8986167°E / 53.5871583; 9.8986167 (AOL Arena) 50°4′6.86″N 8°38′43.65″E / 50.0685722°N 8.6454583°E / 50.0685722; 8.6454583 (Commerzbank Arena) 50°56′0.59″N 6°52′29.99″E / 50.9334972°N 6.8749972°E / 50.9334972; 6.8749972 (RheinEnergie Stadion) 52°21′36.24″N 9°43′52.31″E / 52.3600667°N 9.7311972°E / 52.3600667; 9.7311972 (AWD-Arena) 51°20′44.86″N 12°20′53.59″E / 51.3457944°N 12.3482194°E / 51.3457944; 12.3482194 (Zentralstadion) 49°26′4.96″N 7°46′35.24″E / 49.4347111°N 7.7764556°E / 49.4347111; 7.7764556 (Fritz-Walter-Stadion) 49°25′34″N 11°7′33″E / 49.42611°N 11.12583°E / 49.42611; 11.12583 (EasyCredit-Stadion)
Capacity: 50,000[62] Capacity: 48,000[63] Capacity: 45,000[64] Capacity: 43,000[65] Capacity: 43,000[66] Capacity: 46,000[67] Capacity: 41,000[68]
RK 1009 9831 Volksparkstadion.jpg Aerial view of Commerzbank-Arena.jpg Rhein Energie Stadion Luftbild - aerial (20152327046).jpg HDI-Arena 5612.JPG Red Bull arena, Leipzig von oben Zentralstadion.jpg Kaiserslautern 03.jpg Frankenstadion.jpg

2010[edit]

In 2005, the organisers released a provisional list of 13 venues to be used for the World Cup: Bloemfontein, Cape Town, Durban, Johannesburg (two venues), Kimberley, Klerksdorp, Nelspruit, Orkney, Polokwane, Port Elizabeth, Pretoria, and Rustenburg. This was narrowed down to the ten venues[69] that were officially announced by FIFA on 17 March 2006.

The altitude of several venues affected the motion of the ball[70] and player performance,[71][72] although FIFA's medical chief downplayed this consideration.[73] Six of the ten venues were over 1200m above sea level, with the two Johannesburg venues – the FNB Stadium (also known as Soccer City) and Ellis Park Stadium – the highest at approximately 1750m.[74][75]

The FNB Stadium, the Cape Town Stadium and the Nelson Mandela Bay Stadium in Port Elizabeth were the most-used venues, each hosting eight matches. Ellis Park Stadium and the Moses Mabhida Stadium in Durban hosted seven matches each, while the Loftus Versfeld Stadium in Pretoria, the Free State Stadium in Bloemfontein and the Royal Bafokeng Stadium in Rustenburg hosted six matches each. The Peter Mokaba Stadium in Polokwane and the Mbombela Stadium in Nelspruit hosted four matches each, but did not host any knockout-stage matches.

Johannesburg Cape Town Durban
FNB Stadium[76]
(Soccer City)
Ellis Park Stadium Cape Town Stadium
(Green Point Stadium)
Moses Mabhida Stadium
(Durban Stadium)
26°14′5.27″S 27°58′56.47″E / 26.2347972°S 27.9823528°E / -26.2347972; 27.9823528 (Soccer City) 26°11′51.07″S 28°3′38.76″E / 26.1975194°S 28.0607667°E / -26.1975194; 28.0607667 (Ellis Park Stadium) 33°54′12.46″S 18°24′40.15″E / 33.9034611°S 18.4111528°E / -33.9034611; 18.4111528 (Cape Town Stadium) 29°49′46″S 31°01′49″E / 29.82944°S 31.03028°E / -29.82944; 31.03028 (Moses Mabhida Stadium)
Capacity: 84,490 Capacity: 55,686 Capacity: 64,100 Capacity: 62,760
FNB Stadium Arrial View - panoramio (1).jpg Ellis Park Stadium.jpg Cape Town Stadium Aerial View.jpg Moses Mabidha Stadium - panoramio.jpg
Pretoria Port Elizabeth Polokwane Nelspruit Bloemfontein Rustenburg
Loftus Versfeld Stadium Nelson Mandela Bay Stadium Peter Mokaba Stadium Mbombela Stadium Free State Stadium Royal Bafokeng Stadium
25°45′12″S 28°13′22″E / 25.75333°S 28.22278°E / -25.75333; 28.22278 (Loftus Versfeld Stadium) 33°56′16″S 25°35′56″E / 33.93778°S 25.59889°E / -33.93778; 25.59889 (Nelson Mandela Bay Stadium) 23°55′29″S 29°28′08″E / 23.924689°S 29.468765°E / -23.924689; 29.468765 (Peter Mokaba Stadium) 25°27′42″S 30°55′47″E / 25.46172°S 30.929689°E / -25.46172; 30.929689 (Mbombela Stadium) 29°07′02.25″S 26°12′31.85″E / 29.1172917°S 26.2088472°E / -29.1172917; 26.2088472 (Free State Stadium) 25°34′43″S 27°09′39″E / 25.5786°S 27.1607°E / -25.5786; 27.1607 (Royal Bafokeng Stadium)
Capacity: 42,858 Capacity: 42,486 Capacity: 41,733 Capacity: 40,929 Capacity: 40,911 Capacity: 38,646
Loftus Versfeld Stadium.jpg Nelson Mandela Stadium in Port Elizabeth (cropped).jpg Mokaba stadium entry (4738962925).jpg Mbombela Stadium Aerial View.jpg Free State Stadium1.jpg Royal Bafokeng Stadium, Phokeng.jpg

2014[edit]

12 venues (seven new and five renovated) in twelve cities were selected for the tournament. The venues covered all the main regions of Brazil and created more evenly distributed hosting than the 1950 finals in Brazil.[77] Consequently, the tournament required long-distance travel for teams.[78] During the World Cup, Brazilian cities were also home to the participating teams at 32 separate base camps,[79] as well as staging official fan fests where supporters could view the games.[80]

The most used stadiums were the Maracana and Brasilia, which hosted 7 matches each. São Paulo, Fortaleza, Belo Horizonte and Salvador hosted 6 matches each, Porto Alegre and Recife hosted 5 matches each, and Cuiaba, Manaus, Natal and Curitiba hosted 4 matches each and being the 4 smallest stadiums used, the 4 aforementioned cities did not host any knockout rounds.[81]

Rio de Janeiro Brasília São Paulo Fortaleza Belo Horizonte
Estádio do Maracanã Estádio Nacional Arena de São Paulo Estádio Castelão Estádio Mineirão
Capacity: 74,738[81] Capacity: 69,432[81] Capacity: 63,321[81] Capacity: 60,348[81] Capacity: 58,259[81]
Maracanã 2014 e.jpg Brasilia Stadium - June 2013.jpg ARENA CORINTHIANS.jpg Fortaleza Arena on March 2014..jpg Mineirão Aérea.jpg
Salvador Porto Alegre Recife [nb 1] Cuiabá Manaus Natal Curitiba
Arena Fonte Nova Estádio Beira-Rio Arena Pernambuco Arena Pantanal Arena da Amazônia Arena das Dunas Arena da Baixada
Capacity: 51,708[81] Capacity: 43,394[81] Capacity: 42,583[81] Capacity: 41,112[81] Capacity: 40,549[81] Capacity: 39,971[81] Capacity: 39,631[81]
Aerea Fontenova.jpg Vista Aérea Beira-Rio.jpg Recife aerea arenapernambuco.jpg Cuiaba Arena.jpg Arena da Amazônia (Aerial View).jpg Natal, Brazil - Arena das Dunas.jpg Arenadabaixada2.jpg

2018[edit]

A total of twelve stadiums in eleven Russian cities have been built and renovated for the FIFA World Cup.[82]

  • Kaliningrad: Kaliningrad Stadium. The first piles were driven into the ground in September 2015. On 11 April 2018 the new stadium hosted its first match.
  • Kazan: Kazan Arena. The stadium was built for the 2013 Summer Universiade. It has since hosted the 2015 World Aquatics Championship and the 2017 FIFA Confederations Cup. The stadium serves as a home arena to FC Rubin Kazan.
  • Moscow: Luzhniki Stadium. The largest stadium in the country was closed for renovation in 2013. The stadium was commissioned in November 2017.
  • Moscow: Spartak Stadium. The stadium is a home arena to its namesake FC Spartak Moscow. In accordance with the FIFA requirements, during the 2018 World Cup it is called Spartak Stadium instead of its usual name Otkritie Arena. The stadium hosted its first match on 5 September 2014.
  • Nizhny Novgorod: Nizhny Novgorod Stadium. The construction of the Nizhny Novgorod Stadium commenced in 2015. The project was completed in December 2017.[83]
  • Rostov-on-Don: Rostov Arena. The stadium is located on the left bank of the Don River. The stadium construction was completed on 22 December 2017.
  • Saint Petersburg: Saint Petersburg Stadium. The construction of the stadium commenced in 2007. The project was officially completed on 29 December 2016.[84] The stadium has hosted games of the 2017 FIFA Confederations Cup and will serve as a venue for UEFA Euro 2020.
  • Samara: Samara Arena. The construction officially started on 21 July 2014. The project was completed on 21 April 2018.
  • Saransk: Mordovia Arena. The stadium in Saransk was scheduled to be commissioned in 2012 in time for the opening of the all-Russian Spartakiad, but the plan was revised. The opening was rescheduled to 2017. The arena hosted its first match on 21 April 2018.
  • Sochi: Fisht Stadium. The stadium hosted the opening and closing ceremonies of the 2014 Winter Olympics. Afterwards, it was renovated in preparation for the 2017 FIFA Confederations Cup and 2018 World Cup.
  • Volgograd: Volgograd Arena. The main arena of Volgograd was built on the demolished Central Stadium site, at the foot of the Mamayev Kurgan memorial complex. The stadium was commissioned on 3 April 2018.[85]
  • Yekaterinburg: Ekaterinburg Arena. The Central Stadium of Yekaterinburg has been renovated for the FIFA World Cup. The arena's stands have a capacity of 35,000 spectators. The renovation project was completed in December 2017.
Moscow Saint Petersburg Sochi Samara Kazan
Luzhniki Stadium Otkritie Arena
(Spartak Stadium)
Krestovsky Stadium
(Saint Petersburg Stadium)
Fisht Olympic Stadium
(Fisht Stadium)
Cosmos Arena
(Samara Arena)
Kazan Arena
Capacity: 78,011[86] Capacity: 44,190[87] Capacity: 64,468[88] Capacity: 44,287[89] Capacity: 41,970[90] Capacity: 42,873[91]
Portugal-Marocco 4.jpg Otkrytiye stadium (Spartak). 30-08-2014.jpg Bra-Cos (9).jpg Fisht Olympic Stadium 2017.jpg Krylya Fakel test 1.jpg Poland v. Colombia (42095441565).jpg
Rostov-on-Don Volgograd Nizhny Novgorod Yekaterinburg Saransk Kaliningrad
Rostov Arena Volgograd Arena Nizhny Novgorod
Stadium
Central Stadium
(Ekaterinburg Arena)
Mordovia Arena Kaliningrad Stadium
Capacity: 43,472[92] Capacity: 43,713[93] Capacity: 43,319[94] Capacity: 33,061[95] Capacity: 41,685[96] Capacity: 33,973[97]
2018 FIFA World Cup Group D march Iceland - Croatia 13.jpg FWC 2018 - Group D - NGA v ISL - Photo 77.jpg Nizhny Novgorod Stadium (06 May 2018).jpg Japan-Senegal in Yekaterinburg (FIFA World Cup 2018) 57.jpg Match at Mordovia Arena stadium.jpg Ser-Swi (1).jpg

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External links[edit]