Guntur railway division
Schematic Route Map of Guntur Railway Division
|Locale||Andhra Pradesh, India|
|Dates of operation||1 April 2003–|
|Length||629.75 km (391.31 mi)|
Guntur Railway Division is one of the six divisions of the South Central Railway zone of Indian Railways. It was created in 1997 for better administration in the respective railway zone and became fully functional on 1 April 2003 with P.N Shukla as its first divisional manager. The headquarters of the Guntur Division are located at Rail Vikas Bhavan, Pattabhipuram, Guntur. The current Divisional Railway Manager is Vijay Sharma, an officer of the IRSE cadre.
The Krishna Canal-Nandyal (KCC-NDL) stretch was a part of the important East-West coast link that connected Margao in Goa to Masulipatnam in the erstwhile Madras Province of British India. It was originally built to Metre Gauge by the Southern Mahratta Railway (later the Madras and Southern Mahratta Railway-MSMR) during 1889-90. The track passed through the Nallamala Hills and as a result quite a few major engineering works were undertaken in the course of the railroad construction, the most impressive of them being the massive Dorabavi Viaduct and the Bogada Tunnel, both of them about 30 km from Nandyal. This section was converted to Broad Gauge during 1993-95 under Indian Railways' Project Unigauge. The gauge conversion was a difficult task owing to the difficult terrain. The old alignment between Gazulapalli and Diguvametta was abandoned and a new Bogada tunnel, about 1.6 km in length and a new Dorabavi Viaduct located at a much lower altitude were constructed at a huge expense. The railway passes through the historic Cumbum Tank starting from Cumbum railway station for a distance of about 7 km. It is one of the most picturesque valleys in Guntur-Nandyal section of South Central Railway.
The Guntur-Macherla (GNT-MCLA) section was opened in 1930 by the MSMR to serve the backward inner Telangana region. It too was originally metre gauge and was converted to Indian gauge in 1992-93. This section was used for the transport of limestone, quartz &cement, primarily from Piduguralla, popularly known as the Lime City.
The section from Guntur to the coastal town of Repalle was built to the broad gauge by the Madras and Southern Railway in 1916. This line connected to the East Coast main line at Tenali. The section from Tenali to Repalle was owned by Guntur District Board until 1964.
The foundation stone for the 152 km long Bibinagar-Nadikudi rail project that opened an alternative route to Secunderabad from Vijayawada and connected the interior of Telangana to Hyderabad was laid by the then Prime Minister of India, Indira Gandhi on 7 April 1974. The project was finally finished in 1989 and the line commissioned a year later. Two major bridges to span the Krishna River and Musi are located in this section. It is used by many south/east bound trains in a bid to decongest the heavily used Warangal-Vijayawada line.
The division is spread over the states of Telangana and Andhra Pradesh and covers the districts of Nalgonda, Guntur, Kurnool and Prakasam. Consisting entirely of Broad Gauge track, it was formed by merging the most far-flung and least productive stretches of Vijayawada, Secunderabad and Guntakal divisions of the South Central Railway. It has 72 major and minor stations spread over a total route length of 629 km.
The division has 386 level crossing gates in its jurisdiction. It maintains 6 telephone exchanges and runs 4 hospitals/health units. There are a total of 47 officers in the division and its sanctioned staff strength is 4821. As part of its greenery efforts, the division maintains a 50-acre (200,000 m2) park called Kartik Vanam with more than 6500 trees, both native and exotic. It also has a duck park in it. Some of the popular trains passing through the division are the Falaknuma Express, the Amaravati Express, Prashanthi Express, Machilipatnam-Bangalore Express via Nandyal, Bhubaneswar-Bangalore Garibrath weekly Express via Nandyal, Vishakha Express,Howrah-Prasanthi Nilayam weekly express via Markapuram & Nandyal, Palnadu Express and the Chennai Express.
Sections and branch lines
The sections and branch lines route map breakup is as follows:
(excluding Krishna Canal)
|Guntur – Nallapadu||5.00||Double||Electric|
|Nallapadu Jn – Nandyal||256.91||Single||Diesel|
|Vishnupuram – Janpahad||10.12||Single||Diesel|
|Total||629.5||30.36 km of double line||55.64 km of electrified track|
- The sections 10 km long Vejendla-Tsunduru stretch and the 27 km long Nagarjuna Sagar–Macherla were abandoned lines.
Categorization of stations
The list includes the stations under the Guntur Division and their category.
|Category||No. of stations||Names of stations|
|A Category||1||Guntur Junction|
|B Category||2||Nandyal and Nalgonda|
|Cumbum, Donakonda, Giddalur, Macherla, Markapur Road, Mangalagiri, Mirylaguda, Nadikudi, Narasaraopet, Piduguralla, Repalle, Sattenapalle, Vinukonda|
|Angalakuduru, Gudimetta, Gudipudi, GURZ (station code), Krishnamsettypalle, Lingamguntla, Mamdapur, Mandapadu, Pedakakani Halt, Penumarru, Rentachintala, Vellalcheruvu Halt, Zampini|
|Bommaipalle, JNPD (station code), Kondrapole Halt, Nandipalli|
Performance and earnings
(in million rupees)
- Gross includes passenger, freight, sundry and other coaching revenues
A primarily freight-driven division, Guntur started with earnings of only Rs. 930 million in 2003. A steady increase saw the figure reach Rs. 2.72 billion in 2007-08 before the ongoing worldwide recession brought it down to Rs. 2.37 billion in 2008-09. There was a marginal increase in the number of passengers carried as well as the earnings therefrom. This has now risen substantially to Rs. 4.52 billion in 2013-14. The division's total expenditure in 2012-13 was to the tune of Rs. 2.2 billion, primarily owing to its track renewal and passenger amenities works. Its Performance Efficiency Index was therefore pegged at 49.56%.
|No. of passengers
|Volume of freight
A total of 93 passenger trains traverse the division daily. The Division was awarded the Signal and Telecommunications Shield of Excellence at the 54th Railway Week Celebrations of the South Central Railway in April, 2009. The primary commodity transported by the division is cement besides quartz, coal and fertilizer. Other commodities include Food grains, cotton, chillies and timber waste.
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- "Southern Mahratta Railway". Retrieved 2014-05-08.
- "Dorabavi Viaduct". Retrieved 2014-05-08.
- "Macherla Railway Station". Retrieved 2014-05-08.
- "Grand start to Palnadu fest". The Hindu (Chennai, India). 20 December 2008.
- "Project Line Commissioned". Retrieved 2014-05-08.
- Rail Vani: April 2005, p.25
- "Guntur Railway division earnings". Online edition of the Hindu (Chennai, India). 26 April 2006. Retrieved 2007-08-27.
- "News Archives: The Hindu". www.hindu.com. Guntur. 17 April 2008. Archived from the original on 5 November 2013. Retrieved 17 December 2015.