Hugo Sánchez

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Hugo Sánchez
Hugo Sánchez 1988.jpg
Sánchez in 1988
Personal information
Full name Hugo Sánchez Márquez[1]
Date of birth (1958-07-11) 11 July 1958 (age 59)
Place of birth Mexico City, Mexico
Height 1.75 m (5 ft 9 in)
Playing position Forward[1]
Youth career
1972–1975 UNAM
Senior career*
Years Team Apps (Gls)
1976–1981 UNAM 188 (97)
1979–1980 San Diego Sockers (loan) 32 (29)
1981–1985 Atlético Madrid 111 (54)
1985–1992 Real Madrid 207 (164)
1992–1993 América 29 (11)
1993–1994 Rayo Vallecano 29 (16)
1994–1995 Atlante 31 (13)
1995–1996 Linz 20 (6)
1996 Dallas Burn 25 (11)
1997 Celaya 12 (2)
Total 684 (400)
National team
1977–1994 Mexico 58[2] (29)
Teams managed
2000 UNAM
2000 Mexico (interim)
2001–2005 UNAM
2006 Necaxa
2006–2008 Mexico
2008–2009 Almería
2012 Pachuca
* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only.

Hugo Sánchez Márquez (born 11 July 1958) is a retired Mexican professional footballer and manager, who played as a forward. A prolific goalscorer known for his spectacular strikes and volleys, Sánchez is widely regarded as Mexico's greatest-ever footballer, and one of the greatest players of his generation.[3] In 1999, the International Federation of Football History and Statistics voted Sánchez the 26th best footballer of the 20th century, and the best footballer from the CONCACAF region.[4] In 2004 Sánchez was named in the FIFA 100 list of the world's greatest living players.[5] He is the fourth highest scorer in the history of Spain's top division,[6] and is the sixth highest goalscorer in Real Madrid's history.[7]

Sánchez began his career playing for Club Universidad Nacional in 1976, and briefly went on loan to the San Diego Sockers of the North American Soccer League in 1979. In 1981, he moved to Spain to play for Atlético Madrid, playing for the Colchoneros for four years before moving to cross-town rivals Real Madrid, where he would spend the best years of his career, winning numerous titles and accolades.

From 1977 to 1994, Sánchez was a member of the Mexico national team, gaining 58 caps and scoring 29 goals. He participated in three FIFA World Cup tournaments and was a part of the Mexico team that reached the quarter-finals of the 1986 World Cup.

As a manager, he won two-consecutive league championships with UNAM. After managing Necaxa, he was announced as coach of the Mexico national football team in 2006, but was fired in March 2008 due to poor results.[8] In 2009, Sánchez was named manager of UD Almería, and helped to save the club from relegation.[9]

As of January 2015, Sánchez is a commentator for ESPN in Mexico and the United States. He had been a guest analyst during their coverage of the 2014 FIFA World Cup.[10]

Club career[edit]

UNAM[edit]

Sánchez in 1978

As a teenager, Sánchez played for the Mexico national team at the 1976 Summer Olympics. Having already played in over 80 international matches, Sánchez signed as a youth player at the age of 18 for Pumas de la UNAM, a professional team representing Mexico's national university, where he completed a degree in Dentistry while playing for the first team.[11] Later that year, UNAM managed to win its first championship in the Primera División. Two years later, he became the league's top-scorer with 26 goals.

In 1979, UNAM agreed to exchange players during the off-season with the San Diego Sockers of the North American Soccer League. He played in the NASL during the summer and in the Mexican league during the fall, winter and spring. UNAM loaned Sánchez to the Sockers in 1979 and 1980 where he became a prolific striker for the Sockers, averaging nearly a goal a game.[12]

Sánchez's five seasons with UNAM were during the team's golden years. In 1980–81, his last season with the club, Sánchez and UNAM won its fifth league championship, a CONCACAF Champions Cup and a Copa Interamericana. During his five years with UNAM, Sánchez scored 104 goals in 200 appearances.

Atlético Madrid[edit]

After five successful seasons in Mexico, Sánchez drew the attention of several European sides, including that of English club Arsenal,[11] though eventually signing with Spanish side Atlético Madrid in 1981. It took him a while to find his feet in La Liga, only managing twenty league appearances and scoring eight goals in his first season, but by the 1984–85 season he was scoring regularly with a team that won the Copa del Rey, finished second in the league and won the Spanish Super Copa. That year, Sánchez won his first Pichichi trophy for being the most prolific scorer in the league, scoring 19 goals.

Real Madrid[edit]

On 15 July 1985, Sánchez signed for Real Madrid,[13] playing alongside a famous group of players known as La Quinta del Buitre ("Vulture's Cohort"), which consisted of Emilio Butragueño, Manuel Sanchís, Martín Vázquez, Míchel, and Miguel Pardeza.[1] This team won five consecutive league titles from 1985–86 to 1989–90, a Copa del Rey title in 1989 and the UEFA Cup in 1986. During those five years, Sánchez won four-consecutive Pichichi trophies, becoming the only player in Spanish football history to achieve this without sharing the trophy with any other player in any season, and one of three players to win five Pichichis (the others being Alfredo Di Stéfano and Quini), scoring 208 goals in 283 games in all competitions. He scored 27 or more goals in four consecutive seasons between 1986 and 1990, including 38 goals in the 1989–90 season, tying the single-season record set in 1951 by Telmo Zarra and earning the European Golden Boot award for the best scorer in Europe. Remarkably, all 38 of these goals were scored with only a single touch.[14] In European Cup competitions, Sánchez scored 47 goals in 45 matches.

Later career[edit]

Sánchez in 2008

In 1992, Sánchez returned to his native Mexico for a season and there he won the 1992 CONCACAF Champions' Cup with Club América before playing for a variety of clubs in Spain, Austria and the USA. He played for Dallas Burn in the inaugural year of Major League Soccer, becoming one of two footballers, along with Roy Wegerle, to play outdoor football in both the NASL and the MLS. He finished his career playing for Atlético Celaya, along with Butragueño and Míchel, his old colleagues from Real Madrid.

Retirement[edit]

Sánchez retired from Spanish football on 29 May 1997, playing with Real Madrid at the Santiago Bernabéu Stadium. His last official game was during the 1998 World Cup qualifiers, where he touched the ball as a symbol of his retirement.

International career[edit]

Sánchez made 58 appearances for Mexico between 1977 and 1994, scoring 29 goals.[2] Prior to representing the senior side, as a teenager he represented Mexico at the 1975 Pan American Games on home soil, where he won a gold medal,[15] and at the 1976 Summer Olympics.[3] He participated in three FIFA World Cup tournaments, making 8 World Cup appearances in total, and scoring once.[3] He helped Mexico win the 1977 CONCACAF Championship to seal qualification for the 1978 FIFA World Cup in Argentina;[16] at the age of 19, he took part in the final tournament, where Mexico lost all three of their group games and suffered a first round elimination.[3]

After Mexico failed to qualify for the 1982 FIFA World Cup in Spain, Sánchez was a part of the Mexico team that reached the quarter-finals of the 1986 World Cup on soil, losing out to eventual runners-up West Germany in a penalty shootout;[17] he scored his only World Cup goal during his nation's opening match of the tournament on 3 June, the winning goal in a 2–1 victory over Belgium,[3][18] although he also missed a penalty in Mexico's second group match against Paraguay, and was later booked, causing him to miss the final group match.[3][19] Four years later, however, Mexico once again missed out on the final tournament as they were suspended from the 1990 FIFA World Cup in Italy.[3]

Despite his advancing age, he later played a key role in helping Mexico to the final of the 1993 Copa América, at the age of 35; he scored once in a 2–0 victory over Ecuador in the semi-finals, although Mexico eventually finished as runners-up to Argentina.[3][20] Sánchez later also appeared at the 1994 FIFA World Cup in the United States, his final major tournament, where Mexico suffered a round of 16 elimination; he made his only appearance throughout the tournament on 19 June, in Mexico's opening match of the competition, a 1–0 defeat to Norway.[3]

Managerial career[edit]

Club[edit]

In March 2000, Sánchez became manager of UNAM, who were struggling in the league, signing a two-year deal. Although the team went on to have a good campaign under his leadership, differences between the club president and Sánchez resulted in his sacking in August of that year.

After Jimenez Espriu resigned as the club president a year later, the new president, Luis Regueiro, appointed Sánchez as head coach in November 2001.

After building his team up for a number of years, by 2004 Sánchez' Pumas had won everything they played in: Clausura 2004, Apertura 2004, Champion of Champions 2004 and the Santiago Bernabéu Cup. He also became the only manager in history to lead a Mexican team to two consecutive championships in the Mexican Primera División in the "short tournament" format (South American format).

Unfortunately the success was short lived. Pumas became the worst team of the tournament the following season and in Winter 2005 were having the worst year in its history. Sánchez decided to resign in November 2005.

Club Necaxa, another Mexican team, signed him as a head coach in 2006, and he also became the coach of the Mexico national team that year.

He became coach of La Liga's Almería in early 2009, but after accomplishing the goal of avoiding relegation from La Liga, and despite on 2 June 2009 the Almeria chairman Alfonso García announcing the renewal of his contract,[21] he was released on 20 December 2009.

Mexico[edit]

After briefly managing Club Necaxa, Sánchez was named head coach of the Mexico national team, with the aim of leading Mexico through the qualification process for the 2010 World Cup finals in South Africa.

During his coaching career especially, Sánchez became known for his volatile temperament and his willingness to speak candidly, often expressing strong emotions and opinions, a trait that engenders equally emotional and strong responses from those he criticizes. He had a long-standing feud with former Mexico national Coach, Ricardo La Volpe.

Sánchez's first match as Mexico coach was a 2–0 loss to the United States in Phoenix, Arizona in February, 2007. Sánchez recorded his first victory against Venezuela, a 3–1 win in front of 67,000 fans in San Diego. Hugo's first game in Mexico took place against Paraguay in Monterrey on 25 March 2007, which Mexico won 2–1. A few days later on 28 March 2007, Mexico defeated Ecuador 4–2 in Oakland, California.

In June, 2007 Sánchez coached Mexico in the 2007 edition of the Gold Cup, his first official competition. After struggling in the first stages of the tournament, México reached the final 24 June 2007 and lost 2–1 against the US.

On 27 June 2007, in the opening game of the 2007 Copa América held in Venezuela, Sánchez led the Mexico national team to a stunning 2–0 win Brazil, Hugo's first major victory as a coach. After easing through the group stage of the tournament, Hugo led the team to the semi-finals (beating Paraguay 6–0 in the quarter-finals) where they were beaten 3–0 by Argentina. Mexico ended the tournament in third place by defeating Uruguay 3–1.

In August 2007, Sánchez announced that Mexico would permanently, or at least in his time coaching the team, drop their famous green home kit, replacing it with their white away kit, meaning that their new away kit would be red. For this decision, Sánchez was subject of a lot of criticism. The two main arguments against him were that the decision was breaking a long-standing Mexican tradition, yet the strongest critics suggested that he should devote more time to the strategy and training of the Mexico team rather than entertaining himself with superfluous features of the sport.

In March 2008, Sánchez suffered poor results, including draws with Australia and Finland,[citation needed] and a loss at home in Querétaro against Ecuador's U-23 team. Disappointing results continued in the CONCACAF Olympic Qualification, a draw with Canada and a loss to Guatemala. His only victory was a 5–1 win against Haiti. Mexico were eliminated from the Pre-Olympic qualifying tournament on goal difference.

On 31 March 2008, Hugo Sánchez was fired from his post as Mexican head coach.

Style of play[edit]

Nicknamed Hugol and Pentapichichi, Sánchez was a prolific goalscorer, who usually played as a centre-forward; he is widely regarded as Mexico's greatest-ever footballer, and one of the greatest players of his generation.[1][3] A quick and mobile striker, with good skills and an eye for goal, he was known for his intelligence, positional sense, movement, and anticipation in the area, and was an accurate and efficient finisher, who was capable of scoring with few touches.[1][3][14][22] Due to his athleticism, Sánchez was good in the air, despite his diminutive stature, and was also known for his ability to score acrobatic and flamboyant goals from spectacular strikes and volleys from any position on the pitch, both inside or outside the area; his mastery of the "Chilena", or "Bicycle kick", was a result of his own early training in gymnastics, and his goals scored in this manner were later dubbed Huguinas.[1][3][23] His trademark was to perform a celebratory somersault followed by a fist pump after each goal he scored, in honour of his sister, who was a gymnast and participated in the Montreal Olympics.[3][24]

According to his FIFA profile, Sánchez is credited as the creator of the scorpion kick, which was later popularised by Colombian goalkeeper René Higuita. Though he regularly practised the trick in training, the Mexican striker never scored a goal with it in an official match.[3]

An accurate penalty taker, Sánchez held the record for most penalties scored in La Liga with 56, until Cristiano Ronaldo broke the record in 2017 after scoring his 57th penalty-kick.[25]

Personal life[edit]

Hugo Sánchez is the son of Héctor Sánchez, who was also a footballer who played for Asturias F.C. and Atlante. Sánchez is currently married to Isabel (née Martín), and has two children, a son and an older daughter from his previous marriage. His son, Hugo Sánchez Portugal, was also a footballer and played for UNAM and Atlante. He also has two daughters from his current marriage. On November 8, 2014, Sánchez Portugal died from the effects of a gas leak in a Mexico City apartment as stated by the Mexican Red Cross.[26]

Sánchez was appointed as the official FIFA/SOS Ambassador for Mexico, joining Wayne Rooney (Ambassador for England), Ruud van Nistelrooy (Netherlands), and fifty others in fund raising for the official 2006 FIFA World Cup Charity.[27]

On September 1, 2007, Hugo Sánchez inaugurated a street with his name in Puebla, central Mexico, before a thousand of the locals around there.[28]

Career statistics[edit]

Club[edit]

Club Season League Cup Continental Total
Apps Goals Apps Goals Apps Goals Apps Goals
UNAM 1976–77 27 7 - - - - 27 7
1977–78 30 11 - - - - 30 11
1978–79 45 28 - - 2 0 47 28
1979–80 44 30 - - 3 2 47 33
1980–81 42 21 - - 7 5 49 26
Total 188 97 12 7 200 104
San Diego Sockers (loan) 1979 17 12 - - - - 17 12
1980 15 14 - - - - 15 14
Total 32 26 - - - - 32 26
Atlético Madrid 1981–82 20 8 5 4 2 0 27 12
1982–83 31 15 4 3 - - 39 22
1983–84 27 12 2 0 2 0 39 19
1984–85 33 19 8 6 2 1 47 29
Total 111 54 19 13 6 1 152 82
Real Madrid 1985–86 33 22 5 2 11 5 49 29
1986–87 41 34 6 6 7 3 54 43
1987–88 36 29 7 3 7 3 50 35
1988–89 35 27 6 4 7 5 50 37
1989–90 35 38 6 3 3 1 45 42
1990–91 19 12 1 1 3 5 25 19
1991–92 8 2 1 0 1 1 10 3
Total 207 164 32 19 39 23 283 208
América 1992–93 29 11 - - 6 7 35 18
Total 29 11 - - 6 7 35 18

Rayo Vallecano

1993–94 29 16 6 1 - - 35 17
Total 29 16 6 1 - - 35 17
Atlante 1994–95 31 13 - - - - 31 13
Total 31 13 - - - - 31 13
Linz 1995–96 20 6 - - - - 20 6
Total 20 6 - - - - 20 6
Dallas Burn 1996 25 11 - - - - 25 11
Total 25 11 - - - - 25 11
Celaya 1996–97 12 2 - - - - 12 2
Total 12 2 - - - - 12 2
Career total 684 400 78 49 63 38 823 487

Sources:[29][30]

International[edit]

Mexico national team
Year Apps Goals
1977 6 4
1978 8 4
1979 4 4
1980 10 7
1981 6 5
1982 0 0
1983 0 0
1984 0 0
1985 2 1
1986 4 1
1987 0 0
1988 0 0
1989 0 0
1990 1 0
1991 0 0
1992 0 0
1993 14 3
1994 2 0
1995 0 0
1996 0 0
1997 0 0
1998 1 0
Total 58 29

International goals[edit]

[31]

Managerial[edit]

Last updated 19 June 2017

Nat From To Record
G Pld W L D Win % GF GA +/-
UNAM1, 2 Mexico 2000 2005 202 89 63 50 44.06% 328 295 +33
Club Necaxa Mexico 2006 2006 7 2 4 1 28.57% 8 11 -3
Mexico3 Mexico 2006 2008 26 13 9 4 50% 45 32 +13
Almería Spain 2008 2009 17 6 4 7 35.29% 5 6 -1
Pachuca Mexico 2012 2012 17 5 6 6 29.41% 13 20 -7
Career 269 115 86 68 42.75% 399 364 +35

1Includes results from 2003 Copa Libertadores 2Includes results from CONCACAF Champions' Cup 2005
3Includes results from 2000 U.S. Cup

Honours[edit]

Player[edit]

UNAM
Atlético Madrid
Real Madrid
América
Linz

International[edit]

Mexico

Individual[edit]

Player
Manager
  • La Liga Best Replacement Manager: 2008–09

Managerial[edit]

UNAM

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f "Hugo Sánchez". Retrieved 16 January 2016. 
  2. ^ a b "Mexico - Record International Players". Retrieved 12 August 2016. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n "FIFA Classic Player: Mexico's all-time number one". FIFA (Fédération Internationale de Football Association). Retrieved 16 January 2016. 
  4. ^ Stokkermans, Karel. "IFFHS' Century Elections". RSSSF. Retrieved 2006-12-17. 
  5. ^ "Pele's list of the greatest". BBC Sport. 4 March 2004. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  6. ^ "Ronaldo surpasses Hugo Sánchez". Marca. Retrieved 29 November 2015. 
  7. ^ "Ronaldo, Raul & the top 20 scorers in Real Madrid's history". Goal.com. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  8. ^ "Hugo Sanchez fired as coach of Mexico". International Herald Tribune. Retrieved 31 March 2008. 
  9. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-04-25. Retrieved 2009-04-24. 
  10. ^ "Mexican Soccer Legend Hugo Sanchez Gets A New Gig". Latin Times. Retrieved 9 January 2015. 
  11. ^ a b Simolo, Gemma (7 December 2013). "Hugo Sánchez – 'Niño de Oro'". Inside Spanish Football. Retrieved 7 December 2013. 
  12. ^ "AGAINST THE TIDE: THE STORY OF HUGO SANCHEZ AND SOCCER IN SAN DIEGO". SoccerNation.com. 18 December 2015. Retrieved 12 January 2016. 
  13. ^ "Hugo Sánchez, a 30 años de firmar con el Real Madrid". ESPN Deportes (in Spanish). Retrieved 15 July 2015. 
  14. ^ a b "The Hugo Sánchez record that'll never be broken". Marca. 31 October 2015. Retrieved 16 February 2016. 
  15. ^ Neil Morrison (12 December 2008). "Panamerican Games 1975 (Mexico) - Match Details". RSSSF.com. Retrieved 16 January 2017. 
  16. ^ Karel Stokkermans; Sergio Henrique Jarreta (3 January 2000). "World Cup 1978 Qualifying". RSSSF.com. Retrieved 16 January 2017. 
  17. ^ "Germany Fr (0-0) Mexico". FIFA.com. Retrieved 16 January 2017. 
  18. ^ "Belgium (1-2) Mexico". FIFA.com. Retrieved 16 January 2017. 
  19. ^ GEORGE VECSEY (8 June 1986). "PARAGUAY TIES MEXICO, 1-1". The New York Times. Retrieved 16 January 2017. 
  20. ^ Martín Tabeira (31 October 2013). "Copa América 1993". RSSSF.com. Archived from the original on 21 March 2009. Retrieved 16 January 2017. 
  21. ^ "Hugo Sanchez To Stay On As Almeria Coach - Reports - Goal.com". 2 June 2009. Retrieved 12 August 2016. 
  22. ^ "Cristiano Ronaldo equals Liga penalty record". UEFA.com. 15 January 2017. Retrieved 16 January 2017. 
  23. ^ Simpson, Paul. "Who the hell is Hugo Sanchez?". FourFourTwo. Retrieved 24 March 2014. 
  24. ^ Andaló, Paula. "Hugo Sánchez, con alas en los pies" (in Spanish). Univision. Retrieved 4 July 2007. 
  25. ^ ESPN Staff (2017-02-28). "Real Madrid's Cristiano Ronaldo passes Hugo Sanchez's La Liga penalty record". ESPN FC. Retrieved 2017-02-28. 
  26. ^ "error404". 20 August 2015. Retrieved 12 August 2016. 
  27. ^ "Hugo Sánchez to attend 6 villages for 2006 opening in Morelia". SOS Children's Villages. Retrieved 2008-08-06. 
  28. ^ "Inaugurada en México la calle Hugo Sánchez". El País. Retrieved 2007-09-01. 
  29. ^ Utilisateur, Super. "El Aguanis - Ficha HUGO SANCHEZ Márquez". Retrieved 12 August 2016. 
  30. ^ "Hugo Sánchez (Hugo Sánchez) - Infoatleti". Retrieved 12 August 2016. 
  31. ^ Hugo Sánchez Márquez - Goals in International Matches
  32. ^ "Legends". Golden Foot. Archived from the original on 25 September 2015. Retrieved 23 September 2015. 
  33. ^ "Matches of FIFA XI". Archived from the original on 17 November 2015. Retrieved 12 August 2016. 

External links[edit]