Jump to content

Hillary Clinton 2016 presidential campaign

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Hillary for America
Clinton Kaine
Campaign2016 Democratic primaries
2016 U.S. presidential election
AffiliationDemocratic Party
  • Announced: April 12, 2015
  • Official launch: June 13, 2015
  • Secured nomination: June 6, 2016
  • Official nominee: July 26, 2016
  • Lost election: November 8, 2016
Key people
ReceiptsUS$585,699,061.27[4] (December 31, 2016)
  • Stronger Together
  • I'm With Her
  • Fighting for us
  • Love trumps hate
  • Hill Yes

Stick it to the man by voting for a woman
When they go low, we go high
Theme song
(archived – July. 31, 2016)

Hillary Clinton is an American politician from the state of New York who was the Democratic Party's 2016 nominee for president of the United States. Clinton is the first woman in U.S. history to be nominated for president of the United States by a major political party. She was defeated in the 2016 general election by Republican Donald Trump.

The 2016 presidential campaign of Hillary Clinton was announced in a YouTube video on April 12, 2015.[5] Clinton was the 67th United States Secretary of State and served during the first term of the Obama administration, from 2009 to 2013. She was previously a United States Senator from New York from 2001 to 2009, and is the wife of former President Bill Clinton. Hillary Clinton served as First Lady of the United States from 1993 to 2001.

Clinton's main competitor in the 2016 Democratic primary election was Vermont Senator Bernie Sanders. She received the most support from middle aged and older voters, as well as from African-American, Latino and older female voters. She focused her platform on several issues, including expanding racial, LGBT, and women's rights, raising wages and ensuring equal pay for women, and improving healthcare. The Associated Press declared Clinton the presumptive nominee of the Democratic Party after she reached the required number of delegates (including both pledged delegates and superdelegates) on June 6, 2016.[6] Clinton announced that U.S. Senator Tim Kaine of Virginia would be her vice presidential running mate on July 22.[7] Clinton and Kaine were nominated at the 2016 Democratic National Convention on July 26.[8]

Clinton lost the general election to Republican Donald Trump on November 9, 2016.[9][10] Clinton's narrow losses in the blue wall states of Michigan, Pennsylvania, and Wisconsin were considered key to her defeat.

Background information


Post-2008 primary election campaign


As soon as Clinton ended her 2008 Democratic presidential primary election campaign and conceded to Barack Obama, there was talk of her running again in 2012 or 2016.[11] After she ended her tenure as Secretary of State in 2013, speculation picked up sharply, particularly when she listed her occupation on social media as "TBD". In the meantime, Clinton earned over $11 million giving 51 paid speeches to various organizations, including Goldman Sachs and other Wall Street banks.[12] The speeches, and Clinton's not releasing their transcripts, would be raised as an issue by her opponents during the upcoming primary[13] and general election campaigns.[14] In October 2016, leaked excerpts from a Goldman Sachs Q&A session cast doubts about her support for the 2010 Dodd–Frank financial oversight legislation.[15]

Anticipating a future run, a "campaign-in-waiting" began to take shape in 2014, including a large donor network, experienced operatives, the Ready for Hillary and Priorities USA Action campaign political action committees (PACs), and other campaign infrastructure.[16]

By September 2013, amid continual political and media speculation, Clinton said she was considering a run but was in no hurry to decide.[17] In late 2013, Clinton told ABC's Barbara Walters that she would "look carefully at what I think I can do and make that decision sometime next year";[18] and told ABC's Diane Sawyer in June 2014 that she would "be on the way to making a decision before the end of the year."[19]

Decision-making process


While many political analysts came to assume during this time that Clinton would run, she took a long time to make the decision.[20] While Clinton said she spent much of the two years following her tenure, as Secretary of State, thinking about the possibility of running for president again, she was also noncommittal about the prospect, and appeared to some as reluctant to experience again the unpleasant aspects of a major political campaign.[21] Those around her were split in their opinions, reportedly, with Bill Clinton said to be the most in favor of her running again, Chelsea Clinton leaning towards it, but several of her closest aides against it.[20][21] She reportedly studied Obama's 2008 campaign to see what had gone right for Obama as compared to her own campaign.[21] Not until December 2014, around the time of the Clintons' annual winter vacation in the Dominican Republic, did she say she decided for sure that she would indeed run again.[20][21]



According to nationwide opinion polls in early 2015, Clinton was considered the front-runner for the 2016 Democratic presidential nomination.[17][22][23] She had gained a broader sweep of early endorsements from the Democratic Party establishment in the 2016 race than she did in 2008,[24][25] although she did face several primary election challengers,[26][27] and, in August 2015 Vice President Joe Biden was reported to be seriously considering a possible challenge to Clinton.[28]

Clinton had a very high name recognition of an estimated 99% (only 11% of all voters said they did not know enough about her to form an opinion) and according to Democratic pollster Celinda Lake, she has had strong support from African-Americans, and among college-educated women and single women.[29]

In Time magazine's 2015 list of "The 100 Most Influential People", Clinton praised Massachusetts Senator Elizabeth Warren, who herself was considered as a potential challenger to Clinton, for being a "progressive champion".[30] Warren decided not to run for president, despite pressure from some progressives.[31]



The Clinton campaign had planned for a delayed announcement, possibly as late as July 2015.[32][33][34]

On April 3, 2015, it was reported that Clinton had taken a lease on a small office at 1 Pierrepont Plaza in Brooklyn, New York City. It was widely speculated that the space would serve as her campaign headquarters.[35][36]

On April 12, 2015, Clinton released a YouTube video formally announcing her candidacy via email. She stated that, "Everyday Americans need a champion. And I want to be that champion."[37][38][39][40] The week following her announcement, she traveled to early primary states, such as Iowa and New Hampshire. Clinton was the third candidate with support in national polls to announce her candidacy, following Republican Senators Ted Cruz of Texas and Rand Paul of Kentucky, while Florida Senator Marco Rubio announced his candidacy on April 13, the day after Clinton. Some Democrats saw the proximity of Clinton's campaign announcement to Rubio's as advantageous, as Clinton's announcement might overshadow Rubio's.[41]

Clinton's campaign logo was unveiled on April 12, 2015, featuring a blue H with a red arrow through the middle.[42]

Van tour

Hillary Clinton at an early campaign event in Iowa on April 14, 2015

Clinton began her campaign by making short trips to early primary and caucus states.[37] Immediately following her announcement, she made a two-day road trip in a customized Chevrolet Express van, nicknamed after Scooby-Doo, going from New York to Iowa, and stopping several times along the way, including a much publicized stop at a Chipotle Mexican Grill outside Toledo, Ohio, where Clinton was not recognized by the staff.[43][44][45] The trip gained considerable media attention and was, according to her campaign, intended as a bit of political theater.[46][47]

Clinton responded to very few questions from the press during the first month of her campaign. During her visits to early primary and caucus states, she did not hold any formal press conferences, and did not participate in any media interviews.[48][49] On May 19, 2015, after 28 days, Clinton answered some questions from reporters at an event in Cedar Rapids, Iowa.[50] Clinton's campaign announced she would make additional stops in Florida, Texas, and Missouri in May and June.[51]

Kickoff rally

Clinton delivers the speech at her kickoff rally. The United Nations, Empire State Building, and Chrysler Building can be seen in the background.
Clinton greets the crowd following her speech.

Clinton held her first major campaign rally June 13, 2015, at Franklin D. Roosevelt Four Freedoms Park on the southern tip of New York City's Roosevelt Island.

In her speech, Clinton addressed income inequality in the United States, specifically endorsed universal pre-kindergarten, paid family leave, equal pay for women, college affordability, and incentives for companies that provide profit sharing to employees.[52] She did not address free trade agreements during the kickoff speech,[53] but made statements the next day suggesting that the current negotiations should be abandoned unless improved.[54]

The campaign said more than 5,500 people were in attendance, but estimates of crowd size by the press in attendance were less.[55]

According to John Cassidy, staff writer at The New Yorker, Clinton, up to a point, took a populist tone:[56]

While many of you are working multiple jobs to make ends meet, you see the top twenty-five hedge-fund managers making more than all of America's kindergarten teachers combined. And often paying a lower tax rate. So, you have to wonder, 'When does my hard work pay off? When does my family get ahead? When?'[56]

Prosperity can't be just for C.E.O.s and hedge-fund managers. Democracy can't be just for billionaires and corporations. Prosperity and democracy are part of your basic bargain, too. You brought our country back. Now it's time—your time—to secure the gains and move ahead.[56]

On June 15, 2015, South Carolina Senator Clementa C. Pinckney, who had campaigned for Clinton earlier that day, was murdered along with eight others in the Charleston Church shooting.[57] Clinton postponed campaign activities to join President Barack Obama, Vice President Joe Biden, and other dignitaries at Pinckney's funeral in Charleston on June 26, 2015.[58]



In August 2015, the Clinton campaign began a $2 million television advertising buy in Iowa and New Hampshire.[59] The ads featured footage of Clinton's late mother, Dorothy Rodham, and of Clinton herself,[59] and featured women, family, and children.[59]

In a review of Clinton's 32 general election TV ads, the Associated Press found that 24 of those ads show or mention Trump.[60] The majority of those 24 ads feature raw footage of him rather than others opining on his words and actions.[60]


Supporters of Hillary Clinton raising a sign (its contents being spelled "Hillary" and with the "H" being composed of Clinton's logo)

Clinton focused her candidacy on several themes, including raising middle class incomes, expanding women's rights, instituting campaign finance reform, and improving the Affordable Care Act.

In March 2016, she laid out a detailed economic plan, which The New York Times called "optimistic" and "wide-ranging".[61] Basing her economic philosophy on inclusive capitalism, Clinton proposed a "clawback" which would rescind tax relief and other benefits for companies that move jobs overseas; providing incentives for companies that share profits with employees, communities and the environment, rather than focusing on short-term profits to increase stock value and rewarding shareholders; increasing collective bargaining rights; and placing an "exit tax" on companies that move their headquarters out of America in order to pay a lower tax rate overseas.[61] Clinton opposed the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP), supported the U.S. Export-Import Bank, and stated that "any trade deal has to produce jobs and raise wages and increase prosperity and protect our security".[62][63]

Given the climate of unlimited campaign contributions following the Supreme Court's Citizens United decision, Clinton called for a constitutional amendment to limit "unaccountable money" in politics.[64] In July 2016, she "committed" to introducing a U.S. constitutional amendment that would result in overturning the 2010 Citizens United decision.[65][66]

On social issues, Clinton explicitly focused on family issues, particularly universal preschool.[64] Clinton also prioritized closing the gender pay gap[67] and reaffirmed that she believed that a right to same-sex marriage is protected by the U.S. constitution.[64] Clinton stated that allowing undocumented immigrants to have a path to citizenship "[i]s at its heart a family issue."[68]

Clinton expressed support for the Common Core educational initiative,[69] saying, "The really unfortunate argument that's been going on around Common Core, it's very painful because the Common Core started off as a bipartisan effort. It was actually nonpartisan. It wasn't politicized.... Iowa has had a testing system based on a core curriculum for a really long time. And [speaking to Iowans] you see the value of it, you understand why that helps you organize your whole education system. And a lot of states unfortunately haven't had that, and so don't understand the value of a core, in this sense a Common Core."[70]

In a December 7, 2015 The New York Times article, Clinton presented her detailed plans for regulating Wall Street financial activities by reining in the largest institutions to limit risky behavior, appointing strong regulators, and holding executives accountable.[71]

Clinton supported maintaining American influence in the Middle East. She publicly opposed Trump's call to ban Muslims from the United States as "shameful" and "dangerous". She also claimed Trump's statement was "a reflection of much of the rest of his party", as "many GOP candidates have also said extreme things about Muslims."[72] Clinton told the American Israel Public Affairs Committee, "America can't ever be neutral when it comes to Israel's security and survival."[73]

Strategy and tactics

Clinton campaigning in Manchester, New Hampshire, in October 2016. New Hampshire Governor Maggie Hassan (left) and Massachusetts Senator Elizabeth Warren (right) in the background.

Clinton campaign strategists reportedly believed that a strong liberal campaign would mobilize the same voters who swept Barack Obama to victory in 2008 and 2012. Her strategy of embracing Obama's policies proved highly effective with African American Democratic voters in the South Carolina Democratic primary.[74][75][76][77]

By March 2016 Clinton's nomination seemed likely, so efforts turned to structuring a campaign against Donald Trump, the presumptive Republican nominee,[78] and determining how to generate enthusiasm for Clinton among the Democratic electorate, which had not turned out in large numbers for primaries.[79]

Clinton began the campaign with near-universal name recognition among voters, having been First Lady, U.S. Senator, and Secretary of State.[80]

Focus on local issues


When Clinton campaigned she identified local issues of interest to the Democratic voters of each state she visited. For example, in Mississippi, she expressed her concern about lead levels in the water in Jackson, the capital, where it was a major issue.[81]

Emphasis on experience and steady leadership


Over the course of her campaign, Clinton emphasized her experience and record in public life, particularly as U.S. Secretary of State.[82][83] Clinton also emphasized "the need for calm, steady, experienced leadership in the White House" in times of uncertainty, as well as the need to maintain the U.S.'s alliances across the Atlantic and the world.[84][85]

Press relations


Clinton has had an uneasy, and at times adversarial relationship with the press throughout her life in public service.[86] Weeks before her official entry as a presidential candidate, Clinton attended a political press corps event, pledging to start fresh on what she described as a "complicated" relationship with political reporters.[87] Clinton was initially criticized by the press for avoiding taking their questions,[88][89] after which she provided more interviews.



Clinton had access to the same technological tools that were used in Barack Obama's presidential campaign of 2012 and 2008.[90] A team of over 50 engineers and developers previously with Google, Facebook, and Twitter was hired.[91] The campaign used Timshel's The Groundwork platform for organizing data generated by mass e-mail programs, tracking donors, and analyzing marketing databases.[92][93]

Ground game


In October 2016, the Clinton campaign had 489 field offices compared to Trump's 178.[94] For context, Obama had 786 and some reports over 800 national field offices in 2012.[94][95] Political science research suggests that there is a modest positive relationship between field offices and vote share.[94][96]



Throughout the general election campaign, Clinton consistently led Trump in fundraising. Through August 2016, Clinton, the Democratic National Committee and Clinton's main super PAC, Priorities USA Action, had raised more than $700 million, while Trump had brought in $400 million.[97] According to a September 2016 analysis by the Center for Public Integrity, "More than 1,100 elite moneymen and women have collectively raised more than $113 million" for Clinton's campaign. These bundlers, who collected checks from friends or associates and gave them to the campaign, included "lawmakers, entertainment icons and titans of industry"; among them were Ben Affleck, George Lucas, Marissa Mayer, and Sheryl Sandberg.[98]

According to an article in The Washington Post, Clinton's presidential campaign benefited from a network of donors whom she and her husband, former President Bill Clinton, had "methodically cultivated... over 40 years, from Little Rock to Washington and then across the globe. Their fundraising methods have created a new blueprint for politicians and their donors."[99] By the end of September 2015, the campaign's fundraising effort for "Clinton's 2016 White House run ... has already drawn $110 million in support".[99]

In response to the article, a campaign spokesman said that "it would be misleading, at best, to conflate donations to a philanthropy with political giving.... And regarding the campaign contributions, the breadth and depth of their support is a testament to the fact that they have both dedicated their lives to public service and fighting to make this country stronger."[99] As the Post article pointed out, fundraising for the 2016 presidential campaign existed "in a dramatically different environment" than in the past, and the 2010 Citizens United v. FEC decision and ruling by "the Supreme Court has made it easier for wealthy individuals, corporations and unions to spend huge, unregulated sums on political activity".[99]

In August 2015, the Clinton campaign announced that it had signed a joint fundraising agreement with the Democratic National Committee.[100] The campaign set up a joint fundraising committee with the DNC, the Hillary Victory Fund, and 32 state committees.[101] The Clinton campaign sent the DNC a memorandum of understanding in which the campaign agreed to help the DNC pay off debt in exchange for "joint authority over strategic decisions over the staffing, budget, expenditures, and general election related communications, data, technology, analytics, and research." The memo specified that these arrangements would be limited to "preparations for the General Election and not the Democratic Primary."[102]

In the debate between Sanders and Clinton in New Hampshire prior to the New Hampshire primary Clinton, objecting to the inference that campaign contributions or speaking fees from the financial sector would influence her political decisions, characterized Sanders' references to her Wall Street connections as a "'very artful smear' campaign."[103] He responded by saying, "It's a fact. When in the last reporting period her super PAC received $25 million and $15 million came from Wall Street, what is the smear? That is the fact."[104]

The Clinton campaign entered September 2016 with $121.4 million in the bank, while the Trump campaign had $96 million.[105]

Super PACs supporting Clinton


In May 2015, it was reported that the Clinton campaign lagged behind opposing Republican campaigns in gaining large donations from wealthy donors to supportive Super PACs. At that time, many potential liberal, big-money donors had not yet committed to support Clinton.[106] Clinton's super PAC fundraising picked up significantly in the general election. Priorities USA Action, the main super PAC supporting Clinton, raised $23.4 million in August 2016. More than half of that amount came from its top five donors, and the amount included 11 seven-figure checks.[107]

Super PACs that have supported Clinton include:[108]

  • Ready PAC, formerly Ready for Hillary, was founded by Clinton supporters in January 2013. It raised money and signed up supporters in expectation of her presidential bid.[109] Ready PAC wound down operations in April 2015, handing over its 4-million person email list to the Clinton campaign.[110]
  • Priorities USA Action is the main super PAC supporting Clinton's candidacy. It is focused mainly on high-dollar donors. As of September 2016, it had amassed $132 million. The top six donors to the super PAC have given $43.5 million, which is a third of the money collected by Priorities USA Action.[111] Top contributors include George Soros, Haim Saban and Thomas Tull.[112] Other major donors include Steven Spielberg and Jeffrey Katzenberg.[112] Following Clinton's loss in the New Hampshire primary, Priorities USA Action committed $500,000 to a radio campaign in South Carolina and $4.5 million to Super Tuesday primaries.[113][114] As of late January 2016, the fund had $45 million.[115] The super PAC raised $21.7 million in August 2016, marking its largest monthly fundraising haul.[111]
  • Correct the Record, which started as a campaign of American Bridge 21st Century, spun off as a separate super PAC in May 2015. Though super PACs are typically prohibited from coordinating with campaigns, Correct the Record coordinates with the Clinton campaign on digital content.[116][117] A spokeswoman for the super PAC said "the coordination restriction would not apply because Correct the Record's defense of Mrs. Clinton would be built around material posted on the group's own website, not paid media."[118] In April 2016, Correct the Record announced it would spend $1 million to find and confront social media users who post unflattering messages about Clinton.[119][120][121] In September 2016, Correct the Record announced a project called "Trump Leaks." Correct the Record says it would pay anonymous tipsters for unflattering scoops about Donald Trump, including audio and video recordings and internal documents.[122]


John Podesta, Campaign Chairman

Campaign staff


Robby Mook served as campaign manager, and is the first openly gay person to serve in that role in a major presidential campaign.[123][124]

Stephanie Hannon served as chief technology officer, and is the first woman to serve in that role in a major presidential campaign.[125][126][127]

Other campaign staff included John Podesta as campaign chairman, Joel Benenson as chief strategist and pollster, Jennifer Palmieri as communications director, and Amanda Renteria as political director.[128] Longtime Clinton aide Huma Abedin was the vice chairwoman of the campaign,[128] and continued in the role she has long played for Clinton as traveling chief of staff and "body woman".[129] Fundraising was led by Dennis Cheng as national finance director for the campaign, and main liaison between many major donors and Clinton.[130] Future New York State Senator Alessandra Biaggi served as Deputy National Operations Director, and said: "Everything was urgent in the moment. It was total chaos and I loved it. We played very hard, and it was very hard to lose."[131]

Policy advisors


Clinton named three senior policy advisers to lead policy development for her presidential campaign: Maya Harris, Ann O'Leary, and Jake Sullivan.[132] Michael Schmidt, Michael Shapiro and Jacob Leibenluft were on Clinton's policy team, while Sullivan, a longtime Clinton staffer, served as policy director.[133]

The Clinton campaign had a large set of outside policy advisors who served on advisory groups.

Defense and foreign policy


Senior advisors included former CIA Director and Secretary of Defense Leon Panetta, former National Security Advisor Tom Donilon, Center for a New American Security CEO Michèle Flournoy, former Secretary of State Madeleine Albright, and others.[134][135] The campaign also had a decentralized system of "about a dozen advisory working groups for regional and functional issues" such as Asia, Europe, counter-terrorism, and human rights. Foreign Policy magazine reported that "the campaign boasts a surprisingly diverse cadre of experts, from early-career think tankers in their 20s to graying ex-diplomats in their 50s and 60s."[134]

Economic and domestic policy


On economic policy, outside advisors with whom Clinton regularly consulted included Gene Sperling, former director of the National Economic Council; Neera Tanden of the Center for American Progress; Ann O'Leary; economists Alan Krueger and Alan Blinder; Nobel laureate economist Joseph Stiglitz; Jared Bernstein, the former chief economist to Joe Biden; and Heather Boushey.[133]

On August 16, 2016, Clinton named Ken Salazar to lead her White House transition team.[136][137]

Communications, advertising, and design firms


Two of the Clinton campaigns' top media buying agencies were GMMB (which focused on television) and Bully Pulpit Interactive (which focused on digital). The Clinton campaign's analytics director was Elan Kriegel, the co-founder of BlueLabs, a Democratic data firm.[138] The campaign has also hired Burrell Communications, an African American advertising firm.[139]

Graphic designer Michael Bierut of the firm Pentagram designed the campaign's distinctive "H" logo; Bierut volunteered his services.[140][141] Bierut later recommended designer Jennifer Kinon to lead the in-house design team and design a comprehensive visual identity for the campaign.[142]

Professionals in branding and marketing, such as Wendy Clark of Coca-Cola, and Roy Spence of GSD&M, were brought into the campaign to assist with "re-branding" Clinton.[143]

Caucuses and primaries

Hillary Clinton at an event in West Des Moines, Iowa in January 2016.
Hillary Clinton at an event in Phoenix, Arizona in March 2016.
Clinton's state-by-state performance in the primaries.
  Hillary Clinton
  Bernie Sanders
County-by-county results
  Hillary Clinton
  Bernie Sanders
Percentage of vote received by Clinton by state or territory in the primaries.

Clinton won Iowa by the closest margin in the history of the state's Democratic caucus. Maryland Governor Martin O'Malley suspended[a] his campaign after a distant third-place finish, leaving Clinton and Sanders the only two candidates. The electoral battle turned out to be more competitive than expected, with Sanders winning the New Hampshire primary while Clinton scored victories in the Nevada caucuses and South Carolina primary. On four different Super Tuesdays, Clinton secured numerous important wins in each of the nine most populous states including California, New York, Florida, and Texas, while Sanders scored various victories in between.[145]

On June 6, 2016, the Associated Press and NBC News stated that Clinton had become the presumptive nominee after reaching the required number of delegates, including both pledged and unpledged delegates (superdelegates), to secure the nomination. In doing so, she had become the first woman to ever be the presumptive nominee of any major political party in the United States.[146] On June 7, Clinton officially secured a majority of pledged delegates after winning in the California and New Jersey primaries.[147] President Barack Obama, Vice President Joe Biden and Senator Elizabeth Warren formally endorsed Clinton on June 9, 2016.[148][149] Sanders confirmed on June 24 that he would vote for Clinton over Donald Trump in the general election[150] and, on July 12, 2016, formally endorsed Clinton in Portsmouth, New Hampshire.[151]

On July 26, 2016, the Democratic National Convention officially nominated Clinton for president and Virginia Senator Tim Kaine for vice president.[152] Clinton is the first woman in U.S. history to run for president as the nominee of a major political party.[153]

Delegate count


The table below reflects the presumed delegate count following the 2016 Democratic primaries:

Candidate Pledged delegates Presumed count, including superdelegates
Available delegates
Total delegate votes

Presidential debates


The first presidential debate in 2016 took place between Clinton and Trump on September 26 at Hofstra University.[154] This made Clinton the first woman to debate as part of an American presidential debate.[155] The moderator was Lester Holt of NBC.[156] A live-TV audience of 84 million viewers set a viewership record for presidential debates.[157] All scientific polls showed that voters thought Hillary Clinton performed better than Donald Trump in the debate.[158][159]

The second presidential debate in 2016 took place between Clinton and Trump on October 9 at Washington University in St. Louis.[160] It was a town hall debate.[161]

The third and last presidential debate between Clinton and Trump took place on October 19 at the University of Nevada, Las Vegas.[162][163]



In July 2015, Clinton became the first 2016 presidential candidate to publicly release a medical history. The Clinton campaign released a letter from her physician, Lisa Bardack of Mount Kisco, New York, attesting to her good health based on a full medical evaluation.[164] The letter noted that there was a "complete resolution" of a brain concussion that Clinton suffered in 2012 and "total dissolution" of prior blood clots.[164] Bardack concluded that Clinton had no serious health issues that would interfere with her fitness to serve as president.[164] Despite this letter, rumors and conspiracy theories concerning Clinton's health proliferated online. In August 2016, Trump questioned Hillary's stamina and Fox News host Sean Hannity called for Clinton to release her medical records, fueling these theories.[165]

The US intelligence community noted that Clinton had health issues by August 27, 2016.[166] In September 2016, Clinton developed pneumonia. She left a 9/11 commemoration ceremony early due to illness.[167][168][169] Video footage of Clinton's departure showed Clinton becoming unsteady on her feet and being helped into a van;[170] this footage went viral.[171] Later that evening, Clinton reassured reporters that she was "feeling great".[172] The Clinton campaign initially stated that Clinton had become overheated at the event; later on September 11, the campaign acknowledged that she had been diagnosed with pneumonia two days earlier.[170] Clinton spent three days recovering at home, canceling several campaign events, before returning to the campaign trail at a rally at the University of North Carolina at Greensboro.[173]

Following the 9/11 event, the Clinton campaign was criticized by some media outlets for a lack of transparency concerning Clinton's health.[174][175] A subsequent poll found that 46% of respondents did not believe the campaign's disclosure that Clinton was suffering from pneumonia.[176] Responding to concerns about transparency, Clinton released supplementary health records from Dr. Bardack, who found that she had had a non-contagious bacterial pneumonia infection and that she had recovered well with antibiotics and rest. Bardack wrote that she was "fit to serve as president of the United States."[177]



Email controversy


In March 2015, Clinton's practice of using her own private email address and server during her time as Secretary of State, in lieu of State Department servers, attracted widespread public attention.[178] Concerns were raised about security and preservation of emails, and the possibility that laws may have been violated.[179] Nearly 2,100 emails contained in Clinton's server were determined to be classified when the state department had an opportunity to review them. According to Clinton they were not marked classified at the time she handled them. 65 emails were found to contain information classified as "Secret", more than 20 contained "Top-Secret" information, and the rest contained "Confidential" information.[180][181][182][183] Government policy, reiterated in the nondisclosure agreement signed by Clinton as part of gaining her security clearance, is that sensitive information should be considered and handled as classified even if not marked as such.[184] After allegations were raised that some of the emails in question fell into this so-called "born classified" category, an FBI probe was initiated regarding how classified information was handled on the Clinton server.[184][185][186][187]

The FBI probe was concluded on July 5, 2016, with a recommendation of no charges, a recommendation that was followed by the Justice Department. On October 28, 11 days before the election, FBI Director James Comey informed Congress that the FBI was analyzing additional emails obtained during its investigation of the unrelated matter of former New York Representative Anthony Weiner sexting an underage girl.[188][189] On November 6, he notified Congress that the new emails did not change the FBI's earlier conclusion.[190][191] The next day, stock and currency markets around the world surged in response.[192][193][194] Clinton, speaking to major donors after her loss and citing campaign data, claimed that the effect of the two letters Comey released days before the election contributed to her defeat.[195]

Benghazi hearings


On October 22, 2015, Clinton testified for a second time before the Benghazi Committee and answered members' questions for more than eight hours in a public hearing.[196][197][198] The New York Times reported that "the long day of often-testy exchanges between committee members and their prominent witness revealed little new information about an episode that has been the subject of seven previous investigations...Perhaps stung by recent admissions that the pursuit of Mrs. Clinton's emails was politically motivated, Republican lawmakers on the panel for the most part avoided any mention of her use of a private email server."[196] The email issue did arise shortly before lunch, in a "shouting match" between Republican committee chair Trey Gowdy and two Democrats, Adam Schiff and Elijah Cummings.[196] Late in the hearing, Representative Jim Jordan, Republican of Ohio, accused Clinton of changing her accounts of the email service, leading to a "heated exchange" in which Clinton "repeated that she had made a mistake in using a private email account, but maintained that she had never sent or received anything marked classified and had sought to be transparent by publicly releasing her emails,"[196] a claim that was later contradicted by James Comey.[199]

According to The Hill, the hearings provided a positive momentum for Clinton's 2016 campaign, with her performance generating headlines such as "Marathon Benghazi hearing leaves Hillary Clinton largely unscathed" (CNN), and "GOP lands no solid punches while sparring with Clinton over Benghazi" (The Washington Post). Her campaign received a windfall of donations, mostly coming from new donors.[200]



During the week of the Democratic National Convention, WikiLeaks released emails suggesting that the Clinton campaign and the Democratic National Committee tilted the primary in favor of Clinton. In an excerpt of Donna Brazile's book, Hacks: The Inside Story, published in Politico magazine, Brazile wrote that she had found an unethical agreement between the Clinton campaign and the DNC which had allowed Clinton to exert "control of the party long before she became its nominee."[201][202][203] In an interview on ABC's This Week on November 5, 2017, Brazile said that she had found no evidence of the Democratic primaries having been rigged in favor of Clinton.[202]

Burns Strider


During the 2016 election, Correct the Record, a pro-Clinton political action committee, suspended former Clinton advisor Burns Strider over sexual harassment allegations. Clinton was criticized when it was discovered that she was aware of sexual harassment allegations against Strider when he worked on her 2008 presidential campaign years earlier and against the advice of her staff refused remove him from her campaign.[204][205] Clinton said she didn't fire Strider because “I didn't think firing him was the best solution to the problem”.

Basket of deplorables


On August 25, 2016, Clinton gave a speech criticizing Trump's campaign for using "racist lies" and allowing the alt-right to gain prominence.[206] At a fundraiser on September 9, Clinton stated: "You know, just to be grossly generalistic, you could put half of Trump's supporters into what I call the basket of deplorables. They're racist, sexist, homophobic, xenophobic, Islamophobic — you name it."[207] Trump criticized Clinton's remark as insulting to his supporters,[208] and some political analysts compared the statement to Mitt Romney's 47% gaffe in 2012.[207][208][209] The following day Clinton expressed regret for saying "half", while insisting that Trump had deplorably amplified "hateful views and voices".[210]

The "Deplorables" nickname was adopted by some Trump supporters,[211] with the Trump campaign inviting "deplorable Americans" on stage[212] and using the label against Clinton in an advertisement.[213]

Alleged promotion of ties between Trump and Russia


In May 2022, Clinton's former campaign manager Robby Mook said that Clinton had approved of a plan to pitch the now-discredited accusation to the media that there had been activity between computer servers belonging to the Russian bank Alfa-Bank and the Trump Organization, on or about October 30, 2016.[214]

Demographics and interest groups



Clinton campaigning on November 2, 2016.

In national polling, Clinton enjoyed "the highest level of female support of any candidate in more than four decades," with a 24-point lead in among female registered voters in a Pew Research Center taken on the eve of the 2016 Democratic National Convention.[215] The same polling also showed a 16-percentage point difference in support among women and men, a historically unprecedented gender gap.[215] Supporters created a private, online group, Pantsuit Nation, to share images in support of the candidate and her campaign. Its 2.9 million members used Clinton's typical choice of business wear—the pantsuit—as a symbol of both the candidate and the historical fight for women's equality.[216][217][218]

African-American community


Clinton enjoyed the overwhelming support of African American voters in the Democratic primary elections.[219][220] Overall, 77 percent of Black Democratic primary voters supported Clinton.[221] Clinton performed especially well among Black women voters.[220] There was a very large age gap among Black voters, with the majority of younger Black voters (under age 30) favoring Sanders but the overwhelming majority of older Black voters favoring Clinton.[222]

In general election polling, Clinton continued to enjoy an overwhelming advantage among Black voters. Nationwide polling in the summer months of 2016 showed Clinton with the support of between 83% and 91% of Black voters.[223][224] A key aim of the Clinton campaign was to ensure high voter turnout for African American voters; with President Barack Obama making a personal appeal to Black citizens to cast a ballot in the election.[225][226] Younger Black voters were of particular concern to the Clinton campaign, because this demographic was more skeptical of Clinton than their elders.[227][228][229]

Clinton has advocated criminal justice reform as well as support for African-American youth.[230] However, critics have brought up her quote as First Lady regarding the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act, in which she described young, impoverished black children who had to turn to crime: "They are often the kinds of kids that are called 'super-predators.' No conscience, no empathy. We can talk about why they ended up that way, but first we have to bring them to heel."[231] These remarks were used by Bernie Sanders and Donald Trump to imply racism on Clinton's behalf.[232]

LGBT community

Alternate version of Clinton's 2016 campaign logo in rainbow colors, used on Twitter and on Facebook by the campaign, after release of the candidate's April 28, 2015, statement on same-sex marriage

Clinton made LGBT rights a central issue in her campaign. In addition to promoting broader LGBT rights, she also advocated for the right for transgender people to serve in the military.[233] In the few years prior to the campaign, her public position on same sex marriage and "Don't ask, don't tell" (a Bill Clinton-era law preventing openly LGB people from serving in the military) had changed, although she expressed no regret over her previous views.[234]

Clinton's stance on LGBT rights, like many Democrats, had shifted over time with public opinion. As First Lady and a Senator, she had opposed same-sex marriage, "favoring arrangements like civil unions", a position which "largely tracked public opinion" of the time.[235][236] In 2004, she had opposed a proposed constitutional amendment to ban same-sex marriage, and in 2006 she said she would not oppose an effort by New York State officials to legalize same-sex marriage.[235] In March 2013, she formally stated her support for same-sex marriage after stepping down as Secretary of State, stating she supported it "personally and as a matter of policy and law."[235][237] In 2016, her Twitter account stated conversion therapy for minors should be ended.[238]

Clinton condemned Indiana's Religious Freedom Restoration Act.[239] She supported the Obergefell v. Hodges ruling.[240] She also endorsed the Equality Act of 2015.[241][242]

In December 2015, Clinton published a plan for LGBT rights.[243] The next month, the Human Rights Campaign endorsed her for president.[244] She criticized Bernie Sanders for calling the Human Rights Campaign "part of the establishment."[245][246]

In March 2016, in an interview with MSNBC at Nancy Reagan's funeral service, Clinton credited Reagan with starting the national conversation about AIDS. Clinton's comments drew heavy criticism from LGBT groups and the media, who said that the Reagans had ignored the issue, causing Clinton to apologize and retract her statement.[247]

In October 2016, Clinton became the first major-party presidential candidate ever to write an op-ed for an LGBT newspaper, writing for Philadelphia Gay News.[248]



Clinton was endorsed by The New York Times,[249] The Washington Post,[250] Los Angeles Times,[251] Houston Chronicle,[252][253] The Cincinnati Enquirer,[254][255] The Dallas Morning News,[256][257] and The Arizona Republic,[258] editorial boards. The Houston Chronicle traditionally endorses Republicans later in the election, but chose to endorse Clinton in July. The Dallas Morning News had not endorsed a Democrat for president since 1940. The Cincinnati Enquirer had not endorsed a Democratic presidential candidate for almost 100 years. The Arizona Republic, which began publishing in 1890, had never endorsed a Democratic candidate.

USA Today, which had never endorsed a presidential candidate, broke the tradition and took sides in the race with an editorial which declared Trump as "erratic", describing his business career as "checkered", calling him a "serial liar" and "unfit for the presidency". The newspaper, however, said the "editorial does not represent unqualified support for Hillary Clinton."[259][260][261] The Atlantic, which had only made two presidential endorsements in its 160-year history, endorsed Clinton.[262]

A group of 70 Nobel laureates endorsed Clinton in an open letter released in October 2016. Among the signatories to the letter were chemist Peter Agre, economist Robert J. Shiller, and physicist Robert Woodrow Wilson.[263]

Transition planning


A presidential transition was contingently planned from President Barack Obama to Clinton in accordance with the Pre-Election Presidential Transition Act of 2010 and the Edward "Ted" Kaufman and Michael Leavitt Presidential Transitions Improvements Act of 2015.

Potential Supreme Court nominees


From the beginning of her presidential candidacy, Clinton stated that she would like to nominate justices who would overturn the decision in Citizens United v. FEC, a case allowing corporations and unions to spend unlimited amounts of money on political campaigns.[264] Clinton also voiced support for judges who would vote favorably regarding abortion, unions, affirmative action, same-sex marriage, and President Obama's Clean Power Plan and Deferred Action for Parents of Americans program.[265][266] Clinton also stated that she would look for a nominee who represents the diversity of the country and has professional experience outside of working for large law firms and serving as a judge.[267]

Potential nominees listed in August 2016 by the ABA Journal included Cory Booker, Mariano-Florentino Cuéllar, Merrick Garland, Jane L. Kelly, Amy Klobuchar, Lucy H. Koh, Goodwin Liu, Patricia Millett, Jacqueline Nguyen, Sri Srinivasan and Paul J. Watford.[268] Barack Obama's name was also floated.[269]

Election results

Stage at Clinton's election night celebration at the Javits Center in New York City
Cartogram showing the 2016 Electoral College results. Each square represents one elector.

The Clinton campaign held its election night celebration at the Javits Center in New York City, in an event headlined by speakers including Chuck Schumer, Andrew Cuomo, Bill de Blasio, and Katy Perry.[270] At the conclusion of the event, cannons filled with translucent confetti were set to deploy from the glass roof of the Javits Center to symbolize "breaking the glass ceiling".[271] The campaign initially obtained permits to set off fireworks from a barge on the Hudson River, but cancelled the display on November 7.[272]

Clinton delivering her concession speech

As the results came in on election night, November 8, 2016, Clinton lost in multiple states that she had been predicted to win, including the blue wall states of Michigan, Pennsylvania and Wisconsin. In the early morning hours of November 9, media sources declared Trump the winner of the presidency.[273] Clinton lost the electoral vote while winning the popular vote, in what the New York Times called a "surprise outcome" after polls leading up to election day had predicted a Clinton victory.[274][275] On the advice of then-President Barack Obama, she congratulated Trump on the win in the early morning hours of November 9, 2016, and delivered her public concession speech at 11:50 AM ET, November 9, 2016, at the Grand Ballroom of the New Yorker Hotel.[276][277]

On November 9, Clinton's Twitter account tweeted, "To all the little girls watching...never doubt that you are valuable and powerful & deserving of every chance & opportunity in the world [to pursue and achieve your own dreams]". Drawn from part of Clinton's concession speech, these words became the most retweeted political tweet of the year, the third most retweeted tweet of the year, and the top retweet in the United States.[278]

Trump received 304 electoral college votes to Clinton's 227, with two Trump electors and five Clinton electors voting for someone else.[279][280][281] In the nationwide popular vote, Clinton received over 2.8 million (2.1%) more votes than Trump.[282][283][284] This is the widest-ever lead in the popular vote for a candidate who lost the election.[285] It also makes Clinton the first woman to win the popular vote in an election for United States president.[286]

Clinton's losses in the "blue wall" states of Michigan, Pennsylvania, and Wisconsin played a major role in the outcome of the campaign.[287][288][289][290]



After a loss that was widely perceived as a surprise, critics alleged that the Clinton team ran an ineffective campaign. Several issues have been highlighted. A study by Wesleyan Media Project has shown that Clinton's TV ads "were almost entirely policy-free". The researchers wrote that "misallocated advertising funds" and "lack of policy messaging in advertising may have hurt Clinton enough to have made a difference".[291] In Shattered: Inside Hillary Clinton's Doomed Campaign, reporters Jonathan Allen and Amie Parnes state that the campaign had "little vision or inspiration", an "ineffective" strategy that focused on "turnout, not persuasion" and reliance on a "faulty analytic model", amongst other issues.[292] Political scientist Stan Greenberg stated that Clinton focused on "[her] base and identity at the expense of class", that she did not call out "big-money special interests", and that her campaign focused too heavily on "data analytics".[293] Media outlets pointed to other perceived weaknesses in the campaign, including the lack of a coherent message,[294][295][296][297] an unwillingness to heed signs of trouble,[298][299] and the failure to remedy some voters' perception that Clinton was simply untrustworthy.[299][294] Chris Cillizza of The Washington Post named Clinton "the worst candidate of 2016".[300]

Despite this, political scientists John M. Sides, Michael Tesler and Lynn Vavreck dispute the criticism that Clinton ran an inept campaign, saying that this is a "myth" and there is little evidence to support the criticism.[301] A common critique of the Clinton campaign is that it did not campaign in Wisconsin (which Trump narrowly won); however, according to a study by political scientist Christopher J. Devine, it is "unclear" from the evidence "whether Clinton also would have gained votes, or even won, in Wisconsin had she campaigned in that state."[302]

In her 2017 memoir What Happened, Clinton characterized her comments on putting "coal miners out of business" and labeling her opponent's supporters as a "basket of deplorables" as political missteps that cost her votes.[303][304] Clinton also alluded to several external factors that influenced the election results in Trump's favor, including James Comey releasing two letters regarding her email investigation days before the election,[195] the news media, particularly The New York Times for their prioritization of covering her email scandal over other policy issues,[305][306] and the spoiler effect of Green Party candidate Jill Stein.[303][307]

See also



  1. ^ In US elections, suspending a campaign allows candidates to cease active campaigning while still legally raising funds to pay off their debts.[144]


  1. ^ Debenedetti, Gabriel; Karni, Annie (April 3, 2015). "Hillary Clinton's Brooklyn". Politico. Archived from the original on December 2, 2015. Clinton's staffers... setting up... at 1 Pierrepont Plaza in Brooklyn Heights.
  2. ^ Keith, Tamara (May 15, 2015). "The 13 Questions Hillary Clinton Has Answered From The Press". It's All Politics. NPR. Archived from the original on December 14, 2015.
  3. ^ Chozick, Amy; Martin, Jonathan (September 3, 2016). "Where Has Hillary Clinton Been? Ask the Ultrarich". The New York Times. The campaign's finance team is led by Dennis Cheng, previously the chief fund-raiser for the Clinton Foundation, and it employs a couple dozen staff members. Mr. Cheng, who attends the events with Mrs. Clinton, offers donors a number of contribution options that provide them and their families varying levels of access to Mrs. Clinton.
  4. ^ "Committee/Candidate Details" (Hillary for America (C00575795)). Federal Election Commission. December 31, 2016. Retrieved February 20, 2017.
  5. ^ Clinton, Hillary (April 12, 2015). Getting Started – via YouTube.
  6. ^ "AP count: Clinton has delegates to win Democratic nomination". Associated Press. June 6, 2016. Archived from the original on May 1, 2017. Retrieved November 22, 2016.
  7. ^ Chozick, Amy; Rappaport, Alan; Martin, Jonathan (July 23, 2016). "Hillary Clinton Selects Tim Kaine, a Popular Senator From a Swing State, as Running Mate". The New York Times.
  8. ^ McCaskill, Nolan D. (July 26, 2016). "Hillary Clinton breaks the glass ceiling". Politico.
  9. ^ "Hillary Clinton concedes". CNN. Retrieved November 9, 2016.
  10. ^ "2016 Election: Donald Trump Wins the White House in Upset". NBC News. November 9, 2016.
  11. ^ Goddard, Taegan (February 21, 2014). "Did Hillary Clinton ever stop running for president?". The Week.
  12. ^ Gold, Matea; Helderman, Rosalind S.; Gearan, Anne (May 15, 2015). "Clintons have made more than $25 million for speaking since January 2014". The Washington Post.
  13. ^ Confessore, Nicholas; Horowitz, Jason (January 21, 2016). "Hillary Clinton's Paid Speeches to Wall Street Animate Her Opponents". The New York Times.
  14. ^ Chozick, Amy; Confessore, Nicholas; Barbaro, Michael (October 7, 2016). "Leaked Speech Excerpts Show a Hillary Clinton at Ease With Wall Street". The New York Times.
  15. ^ Chozick, Amy; Confessore, Nicholas (October 15, 2016). "Hacked Transcripts Reveal a Genial Hillary Clinton at Goldman Sachs Events". The New York Times. Retrieved November 14, 2016. Most strikingly, Mrs. Clinton did not defend the 2010 Dodd-Frank financial oversight legislation, a major achievement of President Obama and congressional Democrats in the wake of the crisis—and a target of Wall Street lobbying ever since. Instead, Mrs. Clinton suggested that it had been passed for "political reasons" by lawmakers panicked by their angry constituents.
  16. ^ Von Drehle, David (January 27, 2014). "Can Anyone Stop Hillary?". Time.
  17. ^ a b Carter, Chelsea J. (September 23, 2013). "Hillary Clinton on possible presidency: 'I'm realistic'". CNN.
  18. ^ Chumley, Cheryl K. (December 19, 2013). "Hillary Clinton: I'll announce in 2014 if I'm running". The Washington Times.
  19. ^ Good, Chris (June 8, 2014). "Hillary Clinton Reveals 2016 Timetable, Won't Say Whether She'll Testify On Benghazi". ABC News.
  20. ^ a b c Pace, Julie (April 13, 2015). "Clinton's second act: Her long road to 2016 decision". The Big Story. Associated Press. Archived from the original on July 23, 2015. Retrieved April 15, 2015.
  21. ^ a b c d Thrush, Glenn; Karni, Annie; Debenedetti, Gabriel (April 12, 2015). "Hillary Clinton's slow walk to 'yes'". Politico.
  22. ^ Miller, Jake (January 29, 2013). "Is Hillary Clinton closing the door on politics?". CBS News.
  23. ^ Holland, Steve (January 16, 2013). "Hillary Clinton leaving world stage, but for how long?". Reuters.
  24. ^ Caldwell, Patrick (November 8, 2013). "Future Superdelegates Are Already Kissing Up to Hillary 2016". Mother Jones.
  25. ^ Sachar, Jasmine; Cusack, Bob (January 28, 2014). "60 Dems endorse Hillary for 2016". The Hill.
  26. ^ "2016 Polls Show Clinton Leads in Key States, GOP Field Wide Open". NBC News. February 15, 2015.
  27. ^ "Despite Sustaining Hits, Hillary Clinton Remains 'Formidable' in 2016 NBC/WSJ Poll". NBC News. May 4, 2015.
  28. ^ Martin, Jonathan; Chozick, Amy (August 13, 2015). "Joe Biden Wades Further Into '16 Bid". The New York Times.
  29. ^ Chozick, Amy (May 19, 2015). "Hillary Clinton will Need a Second Chance to Make an Impression". The New York Times.
  30. ^ Clinton, Hillary (April 16, 2015). "Elizabeth Warren". Time.
  31. ^ Campbell, Colin (April 16, 2015). "Elizabeth Warren: 'I'm not running, I'm not running'". Business Insider.
  32. ^ Why Hillary Clinton will make 2016 announcement in July. CBS News. January 29, 2015.
  33. ^ Why Hillary Clinton will make 2016 announcement in July. CBS News. January 29, 2015 – via Yahoo!.
  34. ^ Elkin, Alison (January 29, 2015). "How Long Can Hillary Clinton Wait to Announce?". Bloomberg News.
  35. ^ Haberman, Maggie (April 3, 2015). "Clinton Said to Rent Brooklyn Space for Campaign Headquarters". The New York Times.
  36. ^ Karni, Annie; Debenedetti, Gabriel (April 3, 2015). "Hillary Clinton's Brooklyn". Politico.
  37. ^ a b Chozick, Amy (April 12, 2015). "Hillary Clinton Announces 2016 Presidential Bid". The New York Times.
  38. ^ "Hillary Clinton 'to announce 2016 presidential campaign'". BBC News. April 10, 2015.
  39. ^ Haberman, Maggie; Chozick, Amy (April 10, 2015). "Hillary Clinton to Announce 2016 Run for President on Sunday". The New York Times.
  40. ^ Keith, Tamara; Montanar, Domenico (April 10, 2015). "Hillary Clinton Expected To Go Small With Big Announcement". It's All Politics. NPR.
  41. ^ Moore, Martha; Camia, Catalina (April 12, 2015). "Hillary Clinton launches 2016 presidential bid". USA Today.
  42. ^ Kane, Colleen (June 15, 2015). "What the critics say about Jeb Bush's and Hillary Clinton's campaign logos". Fortune. Retrieved October 12, 2016.
  43. ^ Dooley, Erin (April 13, 2015). "Hillary Clinton Makes Surprise Pit Stop at Chipotle in Ohio During Presidential Roadtrip". ABC News.
  44. ^ Merica, Dan (April 13, 2015). "Clinton road trip: Chipotle, cottage cheese and Scooby snacks". CNN.
  45. ^ Elkin, Ali (April 14, 2015). "Everything You Need to Know About Hillary Clinton's 'Scooby Van'". Bloomberg News.
  46. ^ Thrush, Glenn (April 13, 2015). "Hillary Clinton's road from riches". Politico.
  47. ^ Gabriel, Amy; Gabriel, Trip (April 15, 2015). "For Clinton, 'Small' Events Still Draw a Frenzy of Attention". The New York Times. p. A15.
  48. ^ Keith, Tamara (May 13, 2015). "The 13 Questions Hillary Clinton Has Answered From The Press". It's All Politics. NPR. Questions about when there will be interviews, or when she will make herself available to questions from reporters, are deflected with something along the lines of: all in good time.
  49. ^ Cohen, Zach C. (April 27, 2015). "Here Are Eight Media Questions Hillary Clinton Has Answered During Her Campaign". National Journal. Despite being bombarded with press questions at every chance, Clinton has only personally answered a handful of inquiries since formally launching her campaign April 12.
  50. ^ Hillary Clinton Takes Reporters' Questions, Breaks Silence On The Campaign Trail. ABC News. May 19, 2015.
  51. ^ Sanchez, Stephen M. (May 19, 2015). "Hillary Clinton to make campaign stops in Texas". San Antonio Daily News. Archived from the original on May 21, 2015.
  52. ^ Kirsch, Richard (June 16, 2016). "The Economic Narrative in Hillary Clinton's Launch Speech". The Huffington Post.
  53. ^ Chozick, Amy (June 13, 2015). "Hillary Clinton, in Roosevelt Island Speech, Pledges to Close Income Gap". The New York Times. Mrs. Clinton specified policies she would push for, including universal prekindergarten, paid family leave, equal pay for women, college affordability and incentives for companies that provide profit-sharing to employees.
  54. ^ Shear, Michael D.; Chozick, Amy (June 17, 2015). "Trade Deal Comments Put Hillary Clinton at Odds With Her Former Boss". The New York Times.
  55. ^ Ball, Molly (June 13, 2015). "Hillary's Uninspiring Agenda: The Democratic frontrunner launches her candidacy with a speech that's long on proposals, short on enthusiasm". The Atlantic.
  56. ^ a b c Cassidy, John (June 13, 2015). "Hillary Clinton Goes Populist—Up to a Point". The New Yorker.
  57. ^ Bilefsky, Dan (June 18, 2015). "Pastor Was an Influential Figure From the Start". The New York Times. Retrieved August 10, 2023.
  58. ^ "South Carolina Governor Haley hugs Democratic Presidential candidate Clinton at the funeral of South Carolina State Senator and Rev, Clementa Pinckney". UPI. 2023. Retrieved August 10, 2023.
  59. ^ a b c Haberman, Maggie (August 2, 2015). "Hillary Clinton to Start Airing Ads in Iowa and New Hampshire". The New York Times.
  60. ^ a b "Clinton's 'nasty' Trump ads are mostly his own words". Archived from the original on September 30, 2016. Retrieved September 30, 2016.
  61. ^ a b Chozick, Amy (March 4, 2016). "Clinton Offers Economic Plan Focused on Jobs". The New York Times.
  62. ^ "Hillary Clinton on Trade". Campaign 2016. Council on Foreign Relations. Archived from the original on August 22, 2016. Retrieved August 3, 2016.
  63. ^ "Compare Clinton and Trump on Trade". Campaign 2016. Council on Foreign Relations. Archived from the original on July 25, 2016. Retrieved August 3, 2016.
  64. ^ a b c Lerder, Lisa (April 19, 2015). "Clinton patches relations with liberals at campaign's outset". The Big Story. Associated Press. Archived from the original on June 23, 2015.
  65. ^ Merica, Dan (July 16, 2016). "Clinton: I will introduce campaign finance amendment in first 30 days". CNN.
  66. ^ Oreskes, Benjamin (July 16, 2016). "Clinton pledges constitutional amendment to overturn Citizens United ruling". Politico.
  67. ^ "Hillary Clinton: Equal pay, problem-solving would be top priorities". CBS News. February 24, 2015.
  68. ^ Chozick, Amy (May 5, 2015). "A Path to Citizenship, Clinton Says, 'Is at Its Heart a Family Issue'". The New York Times.
  69. ^ Hillary Clinton Education Roundtable in Iowa. C-SPAN.org. April 14, 2015.
  70. ^ Wright, Brandon (June 7, 2016). "Hillary Clinton quotes about education". The Thomas B. Fordham Institute.
  71. ^ Clinton, Hillary (December 7, 2015). "Hillary Clinton: How I'd Rein In Wall Street". The New York Times.
  72. ^ Frizell, Sam. "Hillary Clinton Blasts Donald Trump's Comments on Muslims". Retrieved November 17, 2016.
  73. ^ "Hillary Clinton to AIPAC: Donald Trump's foreign policy 'dangerously wrong.'". Jewish Journal. March 21, 2016.
  74. ^ Chozick, Amy; Healy, Patrick (February 27, 2016). "Hillary Clinton Wins South Carolina Primary". The New York Times. They chose her over Mr. Sanders by more than six to one...
  75. ^ Gearan, Anne (May 17, 2015). "Clinton is banking on the Obama coalition to win". The Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Archived from the original on May 17, 2015. Retrieved January 6, 2016. 'Her approach to this really is not trying to take a ruler out and measure where she wants to be on some ideological scale,' Clinton campaign chairman John Podesta said. 'It's to dive deeply into the problems facing the American people and American families. She's a proud wonk, and she looks at policy from that perspective.'
  76. ^ Martin, Jonathan; Haberman, Maggie (June 6, 2015). "Hillary Clinton Traces Friendly Path, Troubling Party". The New York Times. Recognizing that Democrats had to be galvanized to show up at the polls, Mrs. Clinton's advisers used surveys and focus groups to assess the risks of running a strongly liberal campaign. They concluded that there were few.
  77. ^ Nyhan, Brendan (June 11, 2015). "Hillary Clinton and Wishful-Thinking Politics". The New York Times. The reason is the Electoral College, a winner-take-all system that rewards candidates who focus almost exclusively on closely contested states.
  78. ^ Balz, Dan (March 2, 2016). "Clinton, Trump victories foreshadow a nasty, contentious fall campaign". The Washington Post.
  79. ^ Confessore, Nicholas (March 2, 2016). "Beneath Hillary Clinton's Super Tuesday Wins, Signs of Turnout Trouble". The New York Times.
  80. ^ Chozick, Amy (April 12, 2015). "What Hillary Clinton Would Need to Do to Win". The New York Times.
  81. ^ Hohmann, James (March 8, 2016). "The Daily 202: Hillary Clinton is winning with a hyper-local strategy". The Washington Post.
  82. ^ Corasaniti, Nick (July 9, 2016). "Hillary Clinton Emphasizes Her Time on the World Stage". The New York Times.
  83. ^ Halper, Evan; Megerian, Chris (January 26, 2016). "Sanders turns confrontational and Clinton emphasizes her record in Iowa town hall". Los Angeles Times.
  84. ^ Benen, Steve (June 24, 2016). "After Brexit, Clinton stresses 'steady, experienced leadership'". The Rachel Maddow Show.
  85. ^ Pace, Julie; Furlow, Robert (July 29, 2016). "Hillary Clinton promises 'steady leadership' at 'moment of reckoning'". CTV News. Associated Press.
  86. ^ Thrush, Glenn; Haberman, Maggie (May 2014). "What Is Hillary Clinton Afraid Of". Politico.
  87. ^ Merica, Dan (March 24, 2015). "Hillary Clinton seeks 'new beginning' with the press". CNN.
  88. ^ Horowitz, Jason (May 22, 2015). "Hillary Clinton, Acutely Aware of Pitfalls, Avoids Press on Campaign Trail". The New York Times. it makes all the political sense in the world for Mrs. Clinton to ignore them
  89. ^ Waldman, Paul (June 2, 2015). "Why Hillary Clinton needs to start treating the press better". The Washington Post.
  90. ^ Bennett, Richard (July 20, 2016). "Clinton and Trump Campaign Technologies". High Tech Forum. Retrieved February 28, 2017.
  91. ^ Lapowsky, Issie (July 14, 2017). "Clinton Has a Team of Silicon Valley Stars. Trump Has Twitter". Wired. Retrieved February 28, 2017.
  92. ^ Varinsky, Dana (December 12, 2016). "The tech team behind the Clinton campaign made a web platform to help groups fighting Trump's agenda". Business Insider. Retrieved February 28, 2017.
  93. ^ Higgins, Tim S (May 23, 2016). "Clinton Campaign Doubles Down on Data Analytics". govtech. Bloomberg.
  94. ^ a b c Darr, Joshua (October 7, 2016). "Where Clinton Is Setting Up Field Offices — And Where Trump Isn't". FiveThirtyEight. Retrieved October 7, 2016.
  95. ^ "Obama's Edge: The Ground Game That Could Put Him Over the Top". The Atlantic. October 24, 2012.
  96. ^ Masket, Seth (October 5, 2016). "Clinton has vastly more campaign offices than Trump. How much of an advantage is this?". Vox. Retrieved October 6, 2016.
  97. ^ Blumenthal, Paul (September 21, 2016). "Hillary Clinton Continues To Build Campaign Money Advantage Over Donald Trump". Huffington Post.
  98. ^ Beckel, Michael (September 23, 2016). "Elite 'bundlers' raise more than $113 million for Hillary Clinton". Center for Public Integrity. Archived from the original on October 12, 2016. Retrieved September 23, 2016.
  99. ^ a b c d Gold, Matea; Hamburger, Tom; Narayanswamy, Anu (November 19, 2015). "Two Clintons. 41 years. $3 Billion". The Washington Post.
  100. ^ Dovere, Edward-Isaac; Debenedetti, Gabriel (August 27, 2017). "DNC announces fundraising agreement with Clinton campaign". Politico. Retrieved November 6, 2017.
  101. ^ Gold, Matea; Hamburger, Tom (February 20, 2016). "Democratic Party fundraising effort helps Clinton find new donors, too". The Washington Post. Retrieved November 6, 2017.
  102. ^ Seitz-wald, Alex (November 2, 2017). "Memo reveals details of Hillary Clinton-DNC deal". NBC News. Retrieved November 6, 2017.
  103. ^ Flores, Reena (February 4, 2016). "Hillary Clinton calls out Bernie Sanders' "artful smear" in Democratic debate". CBS News. On the offensive after Sanders tied her campaign fundraising to Wall Street, Clinton called out the Vermont senator for conducting a "very artful smear" campaign.
  104. ^ "Face the Nation transcripts February 7, 2016: Hillary Clinton, Bernie Sanders". CBS News. February 7, 2016.
  105. ^ Arnsdorf, Isaac; Vogel, Kenneth (September 21, 2016). "Trump forces lagged Clinton in August money race". Politico.
  106. ^ Lichtblau, Eric; Confessore, Nicholas (May 30, 2015). "Democrats Seek a Richer Roster to Match G.O.P." The New York Times. ...none of the biggest Democratic donors from past elections...have committed to supporting Mrs. Clinton on nearly the same scale
  107. ^ Arnsdorf, Isaac (September 20, 2016). "Big money fuels Clinton super PAC surge". Politico.
  108. ^ Yeager, Melissa; Watson, Libby (December 1, 2015). "Behind the Clinton campaign: Mapping the pro-Hillary super PACs". Sunlight Foundation.
  109. ^ Chozick, Amy (April 10, 2015). "Group Says It Has Raised Over $1.7 Million for Hillary Clinton". The New York Times.
  110. ^ Karni, Annie (April 2, 2015). "Fire sale: Ready For Hillary winds down". Politico.
  111. ^ a b Gold, Matea (September 20, 2016). "Hillary Clinton's main super PAC has raised $132 million. A third came from six wealthy allies". The Washington Post.
  112. ^ a b Johnson, Ted (January 31, 2016). "Thomas Tull, Haim Saban Give Seven-Figure Sums to Pro-Clinton SuperPAC". Variety.
  113. ^ Gold, Matea (February 12, 2016). "Super PAC makes big play to lift Hillary Clinton in primary states". The Washington Post. The campaign is set to roll out in more than two dozen states that hold primary contests in March, with a heavy presence in those where people can vote early in person: Arkansas, Oklahoma, Tennessee, Texas, Louisiana, Florida, Illinois, North Carolina, Ohio and Arizona.
  114. ^ Martin, Jonathan; Rappeport, Alan (February 12, 2016). "Hillary Clinton Sharpens Focus After Democratic Debate Tussles". The New York Times.
  115. ^ Tumulty, Karen (February 9, 2016). "Clinton tries to put her campaign back on track with a new strategy". The Washington Post.
  116. ^ Gold, Matea (May 12, 2015). "How a super PAC plans to coordinate directly with Hillary Clinton's campaign". The Washington Post.
  117. ^ Blake, Aaron (November 1, 2013). "Top Hillary supporters launch 'Correct the Record' effort". The Washington Post.
  118. ^ Confessore, Nicholas; Lichtblau, Eric (May 17, 2015). "'Campaigns' Aren't Necessarily Campaigns in the Age of 'Super PACs'". The New York Times.
  119. ^ Collins, Ben (April 21, 2016). "Hillary PAC Spends $1 Million to 'Correct' Commenters on Reddit and Facebook". The Daily Beast.
  120. ^ Halper, Evan (May 9, 2016). "Be nice to Hillary Clinton online — or risk a confrontation with her super PAC". Los Angeles Times.
  121. ^ Foran, Claire (May 31, 2016). "A $1 Million Fight Against Hillary Clinton's Online Trolls". The Atlantic.
  122. ^ Seitz-Wald, Alex (September 15, 2016). "Democratic Super PAC to Pay for Dirt on Donald Trump". NBC News.
  123. ^ Kroll, Andy; Caldwell, Patricia (April 9, 2015). "Robby Mook just took the hardest job in politics: saving the Clintons from themselves". Mother Jones.
  124. ^ McDonald, James (April 20, 2015). "Five Things We Know About Robby Mook, Hillary Clinton's Openly Gay Campaign Manager". Out. ISSN 1062-7928.
  125. ^ Rucker, Philip (April 8, 2015). "Hillary Clinton hires Google executive to be chief technology officer". The Washington Post.
  126. ^ Aslam, Yasmin (April 10, 2015). "Hillary Clinton hires first-ever female presidential campaign CTO". MSNBC.
  127. ^ Merica, Dan (April 8, 2015). "Google executive to fill Clinton campaign's top tech role". CNN.
  128. ^ a b Glueck, Katie (April 12, 2015). "The power players behind Hillary Clinton's campaign: A guide to some of the most influential players in her 2016 presidential bid". Politico.
  129. ^ "OnPolitics: Hillary Clinton's campaign: The key figures". USA Today. April 16, 2015.
  130. ^ "Hillary Clinton's $2 Billion Money Man". The Daily Beast. August 6, 2015.
  131. ^ Radomsky, Rosalie R. (July 27, 2019). "Team Players in Politics and Love". The New York Times.
  132. ^ Nather, David (April 14, 2015). "Hillary Clinton names top three wonks for campaign". Politico.
  133. ^ a b Tankersley, Jim (August 2, 2016). "How Hillary Clinton created her plan for America — behind-the-scenes". The Washington Post.
  134. ^ a b Hudson, John (February 10, 2016). "Inside Hillary Clinton's Massive Foreign-Policy Brain Trust". Foreign Policy.
  135. ^ Kampeas, Ron (May 4, 2016). "Hillary Clinton's foreign policy advisers are exactly who you'd expect them to be". Jewish Telegraphic Agency.
  136. ^ LaChance, Naomi; Jilani, Zaid (August 16, 2016). "Hillary Clinton Picks TPP and Fracking Advocate To Set Up Her White House". The Intercept.
  137. ^ Sirota, David (August 16, 2016). "Hillary Clinton Appoints Ken Salazar To Lead White House Transition". International Business Times.
  138. ^ Kaye, Kate (March 8, 2016). "How Clinton and Trump Really Match Up in the Campaign Data Wars: Is Clinton's Data Game Stronger than Trump's?". Advertising Age.
  139. ^ Burke, Lauren Victoria (November 17, 2015). "Clinton Campaign Hires Black Owned Advertising Firm". NBC News.
  140. ^ Schwarz, Hunter (April 13, 2015). "Hillary Clinton's retro 'H' logo has plenty of critics. But at least it's novel". The Washington Post.
  141. ^ Samuelsohn, Darren (April 17, 2015). "Design experts trash Hillary's new logo". Politico.
  142. ^ Miller, Meg (August 23, 2016). "Behind The Branding Of The Hillary Clinton Campaign". Fast Company. Retrieved June 25, 2019.
  143. ^ Rucker, Philip; Gearan, Anne (February 21, 2015). "The making of Hillary 5.0: Marketing wizards help re‑imagine Clinton brand". The Washington Post. Clinton has recruited consumer marketing specialists onto her team of trusted political advisers. Their job is to help imagine Hillary 5.0 — the rebranding of a first lady turned senator turned failed presidential candidate turned secretary of state turned likely 2016 Democratic presidential nominee.
  144. ^ Ballhaus, Rebecca (February 11, 2016). "Why Candidates 'Suspend' Losing Campaigns Rather Than Say 'I Quit'". The Wall Street Journal.
  145. ^ Freeman, Danny; Jansing, Chris; Dann, Carrie (April 27, 2016). "Sanders Lays Off Staff After Tuesday Primary Losses". NBC News.
  146. ^ Dann, Carrie (June 6, 2016). "Clinton hits 'magic number' of delegates to clinch nomination". NBC News. Retrieved June 7, 2016.
  147. ^ "Hillary Clinton secures majority of pledged delegate". Politico. June 8, 2016.
  148. ^ Bradner, Eric (June 9, 2016). "Obama endorses Hillary Clinton in video". CNN.
  149. ^ Bixby, Scott (June 9, 2016). "Hillary Clinton gets endorsements from Obama, Biden and Elizabeth Warren – as it happened". The Guardian.
  150. ^ "US Election: Bernie Sanders says he will vote for Hillary Clinton". ABC News. Reuters. June 24, 2016. Retrieved June 24, 2016.
  151. ^ Keith, Tamara (July 11, 2016). "Sanders And Clinton To Rally Together In New Hampshire". NPR.
  152. ^ McCaskill, Nolan D. (July 26, 2016). "Hillary Clinton breaks the glass ceiling". Politico.
  153. ^ Dann, Carrie (July 27, 2016). "Hillary Clinton Becomes First Female Nominee of Major U.S. Political Party". NBC News.
  154. ^ "Debate 2016". Hofstra University, New York. July 19, 2016. Archived from the original on September 18, 2012. Retrieved September 28, 2016.
  155. ^ Merelli, Annalisa (July 14, 2016). "Presidential Debate: Hillary Clinton put a big crack in the glass ceiling, but where did we get the term?". Quartz.
  156. ^ "Fact Check: Trump And Clinton Debate For The First Time". NPR. September 26, 2016.
  157. ^ Perlberg, Steven (September 27, 2016). "Presidential Debate Sets Viewership Record". The Wall Street Journal.
  158. ^ Silver, Nate (September 28, 2016). "Election Update: Early Polls Suggest A Post-Debate Bounce For Clinton". FiveThirtyEight.
  159. ^ Martin, Jonathan (September 30, 2016). "Polls Show Debate Performance Gave Hillary Clinton a Lift". The New York Times.
  160. ^ "The second presidential debate". CNN. October 9, 2016.
  161. ^ "Who won the town hall debate?". CNN. October 10, 2016.
  162. ^ Fitzgerald, Thomas (October 19, 2016). "Memorable lines from third presidential debate". Philly.com. Retrieved October 20, 2016.
  163. ^ Catanese, David (October 20, 2016). "Donald Trump and Hillary Clinton Clash Strongly in Final Debate | The Run 2016". US News & World Report. Retrieved October 20, 2016.
  164. ^ a b c Altman, Lawrence K. (July 31, 2015). "No Serious Health Issues for Hillary Clinton, Her Doctor Reports". The New York Times.
  165. ^ Kurtzleben, Danielle (August 18, 2016). "Hillary Clinton Says Donald Trump Is Pushing 'Deranged Conspiracy Theories' About Her Health". NPR. Retrieved January 6, 2017.
  166. ^ Helgerson, John L. (October 9, 2021). Getting to Know the President: intelligence Briefings of Presidential candidates and Presidents-elect, 1952–2016. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved January 21, 2022.
  167. ^ Martin, Jonathan; Chozick, Amy (September 12, 2016). "Hillary Clinton's Doctor Says Pneumonia Led to Abrupt Exit From 9/11 Event". The New York Times.
  168. ^ Bradner, Eric (September 12, 2016). "Clinton didn't think illness was 'going to be that big a deal'". CNN.
  169. ^ Phillip, Abby (September 12, 2016). "Clinton's impulse to 'power through' with pneumonia set off cascade of problems". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved January 8, 2017.
  170. ^ a b Debenedetti, Gabriel (September 11, 2016). "Press rips Clinton campaign's handling of health incident". Politico.
  171. ^ Lapowsky, Issie (September 12, 2016). "The Making of Hillary Clinton's Most Unwanted Viral Video". Wired.
  172. ^ "Suffering from pneumonia, Clinton falls ill at 9/11 memorial,..." Reuters. September 12, 2016.
  173. ^ Chozick, Amy (September 15, 2016). "Hillary Clinton Returns to the Campaign Trail Amid Health Questions". The New York Times.
  174. ^ Cillizza, Chris (September 12, 2016). "Hillary Clinton's health just became a real issue in the presidential campaign". The Washington Post.
  175. ^ Perry, Tim (September 12, 2016). "Hillary Clinton's medical scare highlights her transparency problem". CBS News. Retrieved January 8, 2017.
  176. ^ Gayle, Damien (September 13, 2016). "Voters doubt Clinton's pneumonia explanation, poll shows". The Guardian.
  177. ^ Merica, Dan (September 15, 2016). "Hillary Clinton campaign releases new health information". CNN. Retrieved January 8, 2017.
  178. ^ Schmidt, Michael S.; Chozick, Amy (March 3, 2015). "Using Private Email, Hillary Clinton Thwarted Record Requests". The New York Times.
  179. ^ Leonnig, Carol D.; Helderman, Rosalind S.; Gearan, Anne (March 6, 2015). "Clinton e-mail review could find security issues". The Washington Post.
  180. ^ Myers, Steven Lee; Davis, Julie Hirschfeld (February 29, 2016). "Last Batch of Hillary Clinton's Emails Is Released". The New York Times.
  181. ^ Dinan, Stephen (February 29, 2016). "Hillary Clinton 'secret' email count doubles as latest batch is released". The Washington Times.
  182. ^ Gerstein, Josh; Bade, Rachael (January 31, 2016). "22 Hillary Clinton emails declared 'top secret' by State Dept". Politico.
  183. ^ Myers, Steven Lee (January 30, 2016). "22 Clinton Emails Deemed Too Classified to Be Made Public". The New York Times.
  184. ^ a b Dilanian, Ken (February 4, 2016). "Clinton Emails Held Indirect References to Undercover CIA Officers". NBC News.
  185. ^ Shane, Scott; Schmidt, Michael S. (August 8, 2015). "Hillary Clinton Emails Take Long Path to Controversy". The New York Times.
  186. ^ Cox, Douglas (July 27, 2015). "Hillary Clinton email controversy: How serious is it?". CNN.
  187. ^ Kessler, Glenn (February 4, 2016). "How did 'top secret' emails end up on Hillary Clinton's server?". The Washington Post.
  188. ^ Perez, Evan; Brown, Pamela (October 29, 2016). "Comey notified Congress of email probe despite DOJ concerns". CNN. Retrieved October 29, 2016.
  189. ^ Perez, Evan; Brown, Pamela (October 31, 2016). "FBI discovered Clinton-related emails weeks ago". CNN. Retrieved October 31, 2016.
  190. ^ Alba, Monica; Thorp, Frank V; McCausland, Phil (November 6, 2016). "FBI finds no criminality in review of newly discovered Clinton emails". NBC News. Retrieved November 6, 2016.
  191. ^ Apuzzo, Matt; Schmidt, Michael S.; Goldman, Adam (November 6, 2016). "Emails Warrant No New Action Against Hillary Clinton, F.B.I. Director Says". The New York Times. Retrieved November 6, 2016.
  192. ^ Shell, Adam; Onyanga-Omara, Jane (November 7, 2016). "Dow surges 300 points as FBI clears Clinton on eve of election". USA Today. Retrieved November 7, 2016.
  193. ^ Imbert, Fred (November 7, 2016). "Dow soars 350 points higher on eve of US election; financials, health care lead". CNBC. Retrieved November 7, 2016.
  194. ^ Mikolajczak, Chuck (November 7, 2016). "Stocks, dollar jump as FBI clears Clinton in email probe". Reuters. Retrieved November 7, 2016.
  195. ^ a b Debenedetti, Gabriel (November 12, 2016). "Clinton blames Comey letters for defeat". Politico.
  196. ^ a b c d Shear, Michael D.; Schmidt, Michael S. (October 22, 2015). "Benghazi Panel Engages Clinton in Tense Session". The New York Times.
  197. ^ Fahrenthold, David A.; Viebeck, Elise (October 22, 2015). "GOP lands no solid punches while sparring with Clinton over Benghazi". The Washington Post.
  198. ^ "Full Text of Hearing: "Clinton testifies before House committee on Benghazi"". The Washington Post. October 22, 2015.
  199. ^ Duvoisin, Marc (August 2, 2017). "Here's what James Comey said about Hillary Clinton's emails back in July". Los Angeles Times.
  200. ^ Reyes, Raul A. (October 26, 2015). "Clinton testimony upstages GOP's 2016 field". The Hill.
  201. ^ Rucker, Philip (November 4, 2017). "Donna Brazile: I considered replacing Clinton with Biden as 2016 Democratic nominee". The Washington Post. Retrieved November 6, 2017.
  202. ^ a b Lima, Christiana (November 5, 2017). "Brazile: I found 'no evidence' Democratic primary was rigged". Politico. Retrieved November 6, 2017.
  203. ^ Brazile, Donna (November 2, 2017). "Inside Hillary Clinton's Secret Takeover of the DNC". Politico. Retrieved November 6, 2017.
  204. ^ Haberman, Maggie; Chozick, Amy (January 26, 2018). "Hillary Clinton Chose to Shield a Top Adviser Accused of Harassment in 2008". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved January 15, 2022.
  205. ^ Cramer, Ruby (January 28, 2018). "Hillary Clinton Let Him Stay. Women Say His Harassment Continued". BuzzFeed News. Retrieved January 15, 2022.
  206. ^ Flegenheimer, Matt (August 25, 2016). "Hillary Clinton Says 'Radical Fringe' Is Taking Over G.O.P. Under Donald Trump". The New York Times.
  207. ^ a b Montanaro, Domenico (September 10, 2016). "Hillary Clinton's 'Basket Of Deplorables,' In Full Context Of This Ugly Campaign". NPR. The remarks also remind of inflammatory remarks in recent presidential elections on both sides — from Barack Obama's assertion in 2008 that people in small towns are "bitter" and "cling to guns or religion," to Mitt Romney's 2012 statement that 47 percent of Americans vote for Democrats because they are "dependent upon government" and believe they are "victims," to his vice presidential pick Paul Ryan's comment that the country is divided between "makers and takers."
  208. ^ a b Chozick, Amy (September 10, 2016). "Hillary Clinton Calls Many Trump Backers 'Deplorables,' and GOP Pounces". The New York Times. Prof. Jennifer Mercieca, an expert in American political discourse at Texas A&M University, said in an email that the "deplorable" comment "sounds bad on the face of it" and compared it to Mr. Romney's 47 percent gaffe. "The comment demonstrates that she (like Romney) lacks empathy for that group," Professor Mercieca said.
  209. ^ Blake, Aaron (September 26, 2016). "Voters strongly reject Hillary Clinton's 'basket of deplorables' approach". The Washington Post. On the other hand, it's not clear whether this comment, even if people don't like it, will have anywhere near the effect that Romney's "47 percent" comment was supposed to have. That's especially because Clinton has backed away from saying it applied to half of Trump supporters and, as I noted two weeks ago, the fact that Romney's comment might have alienated people who actually might have voted for him. Clinton's comment was about people already backing her opponent — a key difference.
  210. ^ Reilly, Katie (September 10, 2016). "Hillary Clinton Says She Regrets Part of Her 'Deplorables' Comment". Time.
  211. ^ Cummings, William (September 12, 2016). "'Deplorable' and proud: Some Trump supporters embrace the label". USA Today.
  212. ^ Hagen, Lisa (September 10, 2016). "Supporters join Trump on stage: We are not deplorable". The Hill.
  213. ^ Trudo, Hanna; Shepard, Steven (September 12, 2016). "Trump releases new ad hitting Clinton for 'deplorables' remark". Politico.
  214. ^ Larson, Erik (May 20, 2022). "Hillary Clinton Approved Trump-Russia Leak to Media, Her Campaign Manager Says". Bloomberg.com. Retrieved May 21, 2022.
  215. ^ a b Page, Susan (July 11, 2016). "For Clinton, sisterhood is powerful — and Trump helps". USA Today.
  216. ^ Grinberg, Emanuella. "'Pantsuit Nation' suits up for Election Day". CNN.
  217. ^ Desmond-Harris, Jenée (November 7, 2016). "Pantsuit Nation, the giant, secret Hillary Facebook group, explained". VOX.
  218. ^ "Pantsuits Nation on fire: Clinton thanks viral Facebook group". USA Today.
  219. ^ Troy, Gil (March 7, 2016). "Why Black Voters Don't Feel the Bern". Politico. Clinton has clobbered Sanders in states, mainly in the South, with large African-American populations....
  220. ^ a b Laura Meckler, Black Women Rally Behind Hillary Clinton, Wall Street Journal (April 28, 2016): "black women have overwhelmingly supported the former senator and secretary of state over rival Bernie Sanders, with 90% or more of them voting for her in some states. In New York, she took 79% of their votes..."
  221. ^ Dutton, Sarah; De Pinto, Jennifer; Backus, Fred (May 17, 2016). "Who's voting in the Democratic primaries?". CBS News.
  222. ^ Bacon, Perry Jr. (May 28, 2016). "Huge Split Between Older and Younger Blacks in the Democratic Primary". NBC News.
  223. ^ Enten, Harry (August 10, 2016). "Trump Is In Fourth Place Among Black Voters". FiveThirtyEight.
  224. ^ Lee, Trymaine (September 3, 2016). "Trump's Attempts to Woo Black Voters Are Having Opposite Effect". NBC News.
  225. ^ Clement, Scott (June 11, 2015). "How black voters could determine the 2016 election". The Washington Post.
  226. ^ Chozick, Amy; Davis, Julie Hirschfeld (September 19, 2016). "Obama Sees 'Personal Insult' if Blacks Don't Rally for Hillary Clinton". The New York Times.
  227. ^ Jonathan Martin, Young Blacks Voice Skepticism on Hillary Clinton, Worrying Democrats, New York Times (September 4, 2016).
  228. ^ Farai Chideya, Unlike Their Parents, Black Millennials Aren't A Lock For Clinton, FiveThirtyEight (September 20, 2016).
  229. ^ Jeremy W. Peters & Yamiche Alcindor, Hillary Clinton Struggles to Win Back Young Voters From Third Parties, New York Times (September 28, 2016).
  230. ^ Strauss, Daniel (April 29, 2015). "Read The Full Text Of Hillary Clinton's Prison Reform Speech". Talking Points Memo.
  231. ^ The Young Turks, (February 11, 2016). "Why Do African-Americans Support The Clintons?" – via YouTube.
  232. ^ Sanders: Trump:
  233. ^ Lerer, Lisa (October 4, 2015). "Hillary Clinton Promotes Gay Rights As Pillar Of 2016 Bid". The Huffington Post. Associated Press.
  234. ^ Grindley, Lucas (October 23, 2015). "Hillary Clinton Supports Her Husband's 'Defensive Action' as President". The Advocate. Retrieved March 10, 2017.
  235. ^ a b c Nicholas, Peter (June 26, 2016). "Hillary Clinton's Long Road to Supporting Gay Marriage". Wall Street Journal.
  236. ^ Sherman, Amy (June 17, 2015). "Hillary Clinton's changing position on same-sex marriage". Politifact. ...on same-sex marriage we give Clinton a Full Flop
  237. ^ Frizell, Sam (April 12, 2015). "What Hillary Clinton Did Before Her Campaign". Time.
  238. ^ "Hillary Clinton on Twitter: "LGBT kids are perfect exactly the way they are. #BornPerfect". Twitter.com. 2016. Retrieved October 12, 2016.
  239. ^ Clinton, Hillary [@hillaryclinton] (March 26, 2015). "Sad this new Indiana law can happen in America today. We shouldn't discriminate against ppl bc of who they love #LGBT" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  240. ^ "Statement from Hillary Clinton on the Supreme Court Decision on Marriage Equality". HillaryClinton.com. June 26, 2015. Archived from the original on February 4, 2016. Retrieved March 5, 2016.
  241. ^ Terkel, Amanda (July 23, 2015). "Hillary Clinton Endorses LGBT Nondiscrimination Bill". The Huffington Post.
  242. ^ Badash, David (November 7, 2016). "Hillary Clinton Slams HERO Defeat, Explains DOMA 'Defensive Action' Claim". The New Civil Rights Movement.
  243. ^ "Fighting for Full Equality for LGBT People". HillaryClinton.com. Archived from the original on November 13, 2016. Retrieved March 5, 2016.
  244. ^ "Human Rights Campaign Endorses Hillary Clinton for President". Human Rights Campaign. January 19, 2016. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved March 5, 2016.
  245. ^ Carmon, Irin (January 20, 2016). "Sanders dismisses major women's group as 'establishment'". MSNBC.
  246. ^ Wright, David (January 20, 2016). "Hillary Clinton hits Bernie Sanders over Planned Parenthood comments". CNN.
  247. ^ Chozick, Amy (March 11, 2016). "Hillary Clinton Lauds Reagans on AIDS. A Backlash Erupts". The New York Times.
  248. ^ "PGN Exclusive: Hillary Clinton addresses LGBT equality". Epgn.com. 2016. Archived from the original on October 10, 2016. Retrieved October 9, 2016.
  249. ^ Editorial Board (September 24, 2016). "Hillary Clinton for President". The New York Times.
  250. ^ Editorial Board (October 13, 2016). "Hillary Clinton for president". The Washington Post.
  251. ^ Politico staff (September 23, 2016). "LA Times endorses Clinton, bashes Trump". Politico.
  252. ^ Editorial Board (November 3, 2016). "These are unsettling times that require a steady hand: That's Hillary Clinton". Houston Chronicle.
  253. ^ Lim, Naomi (August 1, 2016). "Hillary Clinton endorsed by Houston Chronicle, Trump 'danger to the Republic'". CNN.
  254. ^ Borcher, Callum (September 23, 2016). "Another conservative newspaper editorial board just endorsed Hillary Clinton". The Washington Post.
  255. ^ Nelson, Louis (September 23, 2016). "Cincinnati Enquirer bucks tradition, endorses Democrat Clinton". Politico.
  256. ^ Editorial Board (September 7, 2016). "We recommend Hillary Clinton for president". Dallas Morning News.
  257. ^ Borchers, Callum (September 7, 2016). "Dallas Morning News endorses Hillary Clinton, backing first Democrat in 76 years". The Washington Post.
  258. ^ Editorial Board (September 27, 2016). "Endorsement: Hillary Clinton is the only choice to move America ahead". The Arizona Republic.
  259. ^ "USA TODAY's Editorial Board: Trump is 'unfit for the presidency'". USA Today. September 30, 2016.
  260. ^ "'Don't vote for Trump,' says USA Today in first presidential endorsement in its history". Los Angeles Times. September 29, 2016.
  261. ^ "USA Today editorial declares Donald Trump is 'unfit for the presidency'". CNBC. September 30, 2016.
  262. ^ Hod, Itay (October 6, 2016). "Donald Trump Makes History With Zero Major Newspaper Endorsements". The Wrap – via Yahoo!.
  263. ^ Rappeport, Alan (October 18, 2016). "70 Nobel Laureates Endorse Hillary Clinton". The New York Times.
  264. ^ Gold, Matea; Gearan, Anne (May 14, 2015). "Hillary Clinton's litmus test for Supreme Court nominees: a pledge to overturn Citizens United'". The Washington Post.
  265. ^ Clinton, Hillary (January 8, 2016). "A make-or-break moment for Supreme Court appointments". Boston Globe.
  266. ^ Ruger, Todd (October 19, 2016). "Clinton, Trump Talk Around Senate in Supreme Court Debate". Roll Call.
  267. ^ Farias, Christian (October 10, 2016). "Hillary Clinton Has A Vision For The Supreme Court, And It Looks Like Sonia Sotomayor". Huffington Post. Retrieved October 21, 2016.
  268. ^ Weiss, Debra Cassens (August 3, 2016). "Who is on Hillary Clinton's Supreme Court shortlist?". ABA Journal.
  269. ^ Kreutz, Liz (January 26, 2016). "Hillary Clinton Would Consider Appointing President Obama to Supreme Court". ABC News.
  270. ^ Heller, Nathan (November 9, 2016). "A dark night at the Javits Center". The New Yorker. Retrieved March 9, 2020.
  271. ^ Coleman, Nancy (July 14, 2017). "An artist creates a giant snowglobe with Hillary Clinton's unused election night confetti". CNN. Retrieved March 9, 2020.
  272. ^ Raymond, Adam K. (November 7, 2016). "Clinton Campaign Extinguishes Election Night Fireworks Show". New York Magazine. Retrieved March 9, 2020.
  273. ^ "Clinton vs. Trump: Voters Have Their Say on Election Day". The New York Times. November 9, 2016. Retrieved November 9, 2016.
  274. ^ "Hillary Clinton has an 85% chance to win". The New York Times. November 8, 2016.
  275. ^ Flegenheimer, Matt; Barbaro, Michael (November 9, 2016). "Donald Trump Is Elected President in Stunning Repudiation of the Establishment". The New York Times.
  276. ^ Keneally, Meghan (November 9, 2016). "Hillary Clinton Publicly Concedes: 'This Is Painful, and It Will Be for a Long Time'". ABC News.
  277. ^ Samuelson, Kate (November 9, 2016). "Watch Hillary Clinton's Concession Speech". Time. Retrieved February 2, 2021.
  278. ^ Rozsa, Matthew (November 16, 2016). "Hillary Clinton may not have won the White House, but she won Twitter". Salon.com.
  279. ^ "2016 election results, presidential results". CNN. November 23, 2016. Archived from the original on December 31, 2017. Retrieved November 24, 2016.
  280. ^ "Presidential Election Results: Donald J. Trump Wins". The New York Times. August 9, 2017.
  281. ^ Taylor, Jessica (November 28, 2016). "Trump Officially Wins Michigan As Possible Recount Looms". NPR.
  282. ^ "Election 2016". Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections. December 1, 2016.
  283. ^ Evon, Dan (November 13, 2016). "Final vote count 2016". Snopes.
  284. ^ Conway, Madeline (November 15, 2016). "Clinton's lead in the popular vote passes 1 million". Politico.
  285. ^ Montanaro, Domenico (November 25, 2016). "Clinton's Popular-Vote Lead Is Now Over 2 Million, But Don't Expect Big Changes". NPR.
  286. ^ Adato, Allison (November 9, 2016). "Inside Hillary Clinton's Election Night Party". People.
  287. ^ Brownstein, Ronald (November 10, 2016). "The States Hillary Clinton Neglected Led to Her Defeat". The Atlantic.
  288. ^ Schleifer, Theodore (November 9, 2016). "Trump stomps all over the Democrats' Blue Wall". CNN.
  289. ^ Hook, Janet; Stokols, Eli (September 10, 2020). "Biden lavishes time and money on key industrial states, but hasn't locked them down yet". Los Angeles Times.
  290. ^ Gilbert, Craig; Spangler, Todd; Laitner, Bill (November 9, 2016). "How Clinton lost 'blue wall' states of Mich., Pa., Wis". USA Today.
  291. ^ Jeff Stein (March 8, 2017). "Study: Hillary Clinton's TV ads were almost entirely policy-free". Vox.
  292. ^ Goulding, Thomas (May 4, 2017). "Five things we've learned about Hillary Clinton's failed presidential campaign from new inside account". The Guardian.
  293. ^ Stan Greenberg (September 21, 2017). "How She Lost". The American Prospect.
  294. ^ a b "Hillary Clinton's big problem wasn't bad data — it was bad politics". Salon. June 3, 2017.
  295. ^ "The Trump Campaign Is in Full Nuclear Meltdown Mode". Vanity Fair. June 6, 2016.
  296. ^ Cohen, Richard (May 8, 2017). "Cohen: Walter Mondale, the original Hillary Clinton". Mercury News.
  297. ^ Marx, Jesse (May 5, 2017). "Six months after Clinton loss, public wants answers 'beyond Russia and Comey,' author says". The Desert Sun.
  298. ^ Dovere, Edward-Isaac (December 14, 2016). "How Clinton lost Michigan — and blew the election". Politico.
  299. ^ a b "Why did Hillary Clinton lose? Simple. She ran a bad campaign". Chicago Tribune. November 14, 2016.
  300. ^ Cillizza, Chris (November 25, 2021). "The worst candidate of 2016". The Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved August 6, 2023.
  301. ^ Sides, John; Tesler, Michael; Vavreck, Lynn (October 5, 2018). "Perspective | Five myths about the 2016 election". The Washington Post. Retrieved October 6, 2018.
  302. ^ Devine, Christopher J. (July 26, 2018). "What if Hillary Clinton Had Gone to Wisconsin? Presidential Campaign Visits and Vote Choice in the 2016 Election". The Forum. 16 (2): 211–234. doi:10.1515/for-2018-0011. ISSN 1540-8884. S2CID 149591403.
  303. ^ a b Zurcher, Anthony (September 12, 2017). "What Happened: The long list of who Hillary Clinton blames". BBC News.
  304. ^ Adato, Allison (September 12, 2017). "Hillary Clinton's What Happened: Book Review". People. Retrieved February 12, 2018.
  305. ^ Clinton, Hillary (2017). What Happened. New York City: Simon & Schuster. p. 221-223. ISBN 978-1-5011-7556-5.
  306. ^ Kirby, Jen (December 7, 2017). "Study: Hillary Clinton's emails got as much front-page coverage in 6 days as policy did in 69". Vox. Retrieved May 23, 2024.
  307. ^ Haberman, Maggie; Hakim, Danny; Corasantini, Nick (September 22, 2020). "How Republicans Are Trying to Use the Green Party to Their Advantage". The New York Times. Retrieved May 23, 2024.