Page semi-protected

Michael Flynn

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Michael Flynn
Michael T Flynn.jpg
Official portrait, 2012
24th United States National Security Advisor
In office
January 22, 2017 – February 13, 2017
PresidentDonald Trump
DeputyK. T. McFarland
Preceded bySusan Rice
Succeeded byH. R. McMaster
Director of the Defense Intelligence Agency
In office
July 24, 2012 – August 7, 2014
PresidentBarack Obama
Preceded byRonald L. Burgess Jr.
Succeeded byDavid Shedd (acting)
Personal details
Born
Michael Thomas Flynn

(1958-12-24) December 24, 1958 (age 61)
Middletown, Rhode Island, U.S.
Spouse(s)Lori Andrade
Children2
Education
Signature
WebsiteOfficial website
Military service
Allegiance United States
Branch/service United States Army
Years of service1981–2014
RankUS-O9 insignia.svg Lieutenant General
Unit
Battles/wars
Awards

Michael Thomas Flynn (born December 24, 1958) is a retired United States Army lieutenant general who was the 24th National Security Advisor[1] for the first 22 days of the Trump administration until his resignation. Flynn's military career included a key role in shaping U.S. counterterrorism strategy and dismantling insurgent networks in the Afghanistan and Iraq Wars, and he was given numerous combat arms, conventional, and special operations senior intelligence assignments.[2][3][4] He served as the 18th Director of the Defense Intelligence Agency, from July 2012 until his forced retirement from the military in August 2014.[5][6][7]

After leaving the military, he established Flynn Intel Group, which provided intelligence services for businesses and governments, including in Turkey.[8][9] In 2017, Flynn registered as a foreign agent, acknowledging that in 2016 he had conducted paid lobbying work that may have benefited Turkey's government.[10] Flynn served as a senior advisor to Trump during his 2016 presidential campaign. On January 22, 2017, Flynn was sworn in as the National Security Advisor.[11] On February 13, 2017, he resigned after information surfaced that he had misled Vice President Mike Pence about the nature and content of his communications with Russian ambassador to the United States Sergey Kislyak.[12][13][14] Flynn's tenure as the National Security Advisor is the shortest in the history of the position.[15][16]

In December 2017, Flynn formalized a deal with Special Counsel Robert Mueller to plead guilty to a felony count of "willfully and knowingly" making false statements to the FBI, and agreed to cooperate with the Special Counsel's investigation.[17] In January 2020. Flynn moved to withdraw his guilty plea, claiming government vindictiveness and breach of the plea agreement.[18] The United States Department of Justice announced that it intended to drop all charges against Flynn on May 7, 2020.[19] Federal district judge Emmet G. Sullivan ruled the matter to be placed on hold.[20]

Early life

Michael Thomas Flynn was born and raised in Middletown, Rhode Island, one of nine siblings[3] born to Helen Frances (née Andrews), who worked in real estate, and Charles Francis Flynn, a small-town banker, both Catholics of Irish descent.[21][22][23][24][25]

Flynn graduated from the University of Rhode Island with a Bachelor of Science degree in management science in 1981 and was a Distinguished Military Graduate of the Reserve Officers' Training Corps. He also earned a Master of Business Administration in Telecommunications from Golden Gate University, a Master of Military Art and Science from the United States Army Command and General Staff College, and a Master of Arts in National Security and Strategic Studies from the Naval War College. He is a graduate of the Military Intelligence Officer Basic Course, Ranger School, Military Intelligence Officer Advanced Course, Army Command and General Staff College, the School of Advanced Military Studies, and Naval War College.[7]

Military career

U.S. Army

General Stanley McChrystal and Flynn in Afghanistan, 2010

Flynn was commissioned in the U.S. Army as a second lieutenant in military intelligence in 1981.[7] His military assignments included multiple tours at Fort Bragg, North Carolina, with the 82nd Airborne Division, XVIII Airborne Corps, and Joint Special Operations Command, where he deployed for the invasion of Grenada and Operation Uphold Democracy in Haiti.[26] He also served with the 25th Infantry Division at Schofield Barracks, Hawaii, at the Joint Readiness Training Center at Fort Polk, Louisiana, and the Army Intelligence Center at Fort Huachuca, Arizona.[7]

Flynn served as the assistant chief of staff, G2, XVIII Airborne Corps at Fort Bragg, North Carolina, from June 2001 and the director of intelligence at the Joint Task Force 180 in Afghanistan until July 2002. He commanded the 111th Military Intelligence Brigade from June 2002 to June 2004[7] and was the director of intelligence for Joint Special Operations Command from July 2004 to June 2007, with service in Afghanistan (Operation Enduring Freedom) and the Iraq War (Operation Iraqi Freedom). The subject and his superior, General McChrystal, streamlined all intelligence so as to increase the tempo of operations and degrade the networks of Al-Qaeda in Iraq.[27] He served as the director of intelligence of the United States Central Command from June 2007 to July 2008, as the director of intelligence of the Joint Staff from July 2008 to June 2009, then the director of intelligence of the International Security Assistance Force in Afghanistan from June 2009 to October 2010.[7][28] Flynn was reprimanded for sharing classified U.S. intelligence information on the Haqqani network to Pakistani officials in 2009 or 2010. The network, which had been accused of attacking American troops, was a proxy ally of Pakistan.[29]

On November 10, 2015, Flynn gave an interview to the Special Inspector General for Afghanistan Reconstruction (SIGAR) Lessons Learned project.[30] Washington Post published an audio recording of the interview and SIGAR's summary as part of the Afghanistan Papers.[31]

Defense Intelligence Agency

Flynn speaks during the change of directorship for the Defense Intelligence Agency on Joint Base Anacostia-Bolling in Washington, D.C.
Flynn with Martin Dempsey and Ashton Carter, June 11, 2013

In September 2011, Flynn was promoted to Lieutenant General and assigned as assistant director of national intelligence in the Office of the Director of National Intelligence. On April 17, 2012, President Barack Obama nominated Flynn to be the 18th director of the Defense Intelligence Agency.[32][33] Flynn took command of the DIA in July 2012.[34] He simultaneously became commander of the Joint Functional Component Command for Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance, and chair of the Military Intelligence Board.

In October 2012, Flynn announced plans to release his paper "VISION2020: Accelerating Change Through Integration", a look at changes he believes are necessary for the DIA in the future.[35][36]

In June 2013, Michael Flynn became the first U.S. officer to be allowed inside the Russian military intelligence (GRU) headquarters in Moscow, where he arrived at the invitation of the GRU chief General Igor Sergun.[37] His follow-up trip to visit the GRU HQ as Director of DIA was not allowed.[38] Flynn also wanted to invite high-ranking GRU officials to the U.S., but this idea was rejected by the director of national intelligence, James Clapper.[39]

Stefan Halper, who worked for three Republican presidents and was a longtime informant for the American intelligence community, had a February 2014 encounter with Flynn at a London intelligence conference. Halper became so alarmed by Flynn's close association with a Russian woman that a Halper associate expressed concerns to American authorities that Flynn may have been compromised by Russian intelligence.[40]

Colleagues were concerned with Flynn's chaotic management style and increasingly hard-edged views about counterterrorism, and his superiors viewed him as insubordinate, according to Pentagon officials. In mid-2014, his two-year term at the DIA was not extended.[41]

Retirement from the military

On April 30, 2014, Flynn announced his retirement effective later that year, about a year earlier than he had been scheduled to leave his position. He was reportedly effectively forced out of the DIA after clashing with superiors over his allegedly chaotic management style and vision for the agency.[42][43][44][45] In a private e-mail that was leaked online, Colin Powell said he had heard in the DIA (apparently from later DIA director Vincent R. Stewart) that Flynn was fired because he was "abusive with staff, didn't listen, worked against policy, bad management, etc."[44] According to The New York Times, Flynn exhibited a loose relationship with the truth, leading his subordinates to refer to Flynn's repeated dubious assertions as "Flynn facts".[46]

According to what Flynn had said in one final interview as DIA director, he felt like a lone voice in thinking the United States was less safe from the threat of Islamic terrorism in 2014 than it was prior to the 9/11 attacks; he went on to believe he was pressed into retirement for questioning the Obama administration's public narrative that Al Qaeda was close to defeat.[47] Journalist Seymour Hersh wrote that "Flynn confirmed [to Hersh] that his agency had sent a constant stream of classified warnings ... about the dire consequences of toppling [Syrian President] Assad." Flynn recounted that his agency was producing intelligence reports indicating that radical Islamists were the main force in the Syrian insurgency and "that Turkey was looking the other way when it came to the growth of the Islamic State inside Syria". According to Flynn, these reports "got enormous pushback from the Obama administration", who he felt "did not want to hear the truth". According to former DIA official W. Patrick Lang: "Flynn incurred the wrath of the White House by insisting on telling the truth about Syria ... they shoved him out. He wouldn't shut up."[48] In an interview with Al Jazeera, Flynn criticized the Obama administration for its delay in supporting the opposition in Syria, thereby allowing for the growth of Al-Nusra and other extremist forces: "when you don't get in and help somebody, they're gonna find other means to achieve their goals" and that "we should have done more earlier on in this effort, you know, than we did."[49]

Flynn retired from the U.S. Army with 33 years of service on August 7, 2014.[50]

Post-military career

Consulting firm

Flynn, with his son Michael G. Flynn, ran the Flynn Intel Group Inc, which provided intelligence services for businesses and governments.[8][51] The company was founded in the fall of 2014, restarted in June 2015 as a Delaware company,[51] and closed in 2016.

Flynn was paid more than $65,000 by companies connected to Russia in 2015, including $11,250 each from Volga-Dnepr Airlines and the U.S. subsidiary of Kaspersky Lab.[51][52] Other clients included Palo Alto Networks, Francisco Partners, Brainwave Science and Adobe Systems.[51]

While working as a consultant, Flynn served on the board of several organizations, including GreenZone Systems, Patriot Capital, Brainwave, Drone Aviation and OSY Technologies.[51][53][54] Subsidiaries of the Flynn Intel Group included FIG Cyber Inc, headed by Timothy Newberry, and FIG Aviation.[53][55]

In July 2018, the consulting firm Stonington Global LLC announced that Flynn was joining the firm as its director of global strategy, though Flynn's attorneys disputed that there had ever been a partnership several hours later.[56]

Foreign agent

Flynn's former business associate Bijan Rafiekian was charged with illegally acting as an unregistered agent of Turkey. In 2019, a federal judge threw out the guilty verdicts against Rafiekian, citing insufficient evidence to sustain his conviction on either count.[57]

In July 2016, Flynn spoke at a meeting of ACT! for America at a point when the 2016 Turkish coup d'état attempt against Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan was still underway. He spoke favorably of the coup participants, saying that Erdoğan had been moving Turkey away from secularism and towards Islamism and that participants in the coup wanted Turkey to be and to be seen as a secular nation—a goal "worth clapping for".[58]

By the end of September 2016, Flynn's consulting company was hired by Inovo BV, a company owned by Kamil Ekim Alptekin, the Chair of the Turkish-American Business Council, which is an arm of the Foreign Economic Relations Board of Turkey (DEIK).[59][60] The company has links to President of Turkey Recep Tayyip Erdogan.[61] Flynn was paid $530,000 by Alptekin for Flynn's lobbying work.[10][60] Flynn only registered as a foreign agent with the Justice Department later on March 8, 2017, for the work completed by November 2016. Flynn acknowledged his work may have benefited Turkey's government.[10]

On November 8 (election day in the United States), an op-ed written by Flynn was published by The Hill, calling for U.S. backing for Erdoğan's government and criticizing the regime's opponent, Fethullah Gülen, alleging that Gülen headed a "vast global network" that fit the description of "a dangerous sleeper terror network".[62][63] At the time, Flynn did not disclose that his consulting firm had received funds from a company with ties to the Turkish government.[64] After Flynn's ties had been disclosed by The Daily Caller, Politico, and others, the editor of The Hill added a note to Flynn's op-ed, stating that Flynn had failed to disclose that he had been engaged at the time in "consulting work that might have aided the government of Turkey", that his firm had received payments from a company with close ties to the Turkish government, or that the company had reviewed the draft of the op-ed before it was submitted to The Hill.[62]

On March 24, 2017, former Director of the CIA James Woolsey said that in September 2016 Flynn, while working for the Trump presidential campaign, had attended a meeting in a New York hotel with Turkish officials including foreign minister Mevlüt Çavuşoğlu and energy minister Berat Albayrak, son-in-law of Turkey's President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, and had discussed abducting Fethullah Gülen and sending him to Turkey, bypassing the U.S. extradition legal process.[65][66]

Flynn sat in on classified national security briefings with then-candidate Trump at the same time that Flynn was working for foreign clients, which raises ethical concerns and conflicts of interest.[67][68] Flynn was paid at least $5,000 to serve as a consultant to a U.S.-Russian project to build 40 nuclear reactors across the Middle East, which Flynn's failure to disclose was flagged by Representatives Elijah Cummings and Eliot Engel as a possible violation of federal law.[69][70]

Attendance at RT gala dinner

In December 2015, Flynn attended RT's 10th anniversary gala.[71][72] Flynn is sitting next to Vladimir Putin during the dinner. Jill Stein (in the foreground)[73] and Mikhail Gorbachev (in background) also attended.

On December 10, 2015, Flynn attended a gala dinner in Moscow in honor of RT (formerly "Russia Today"), a Russian government-owned English-language media outlet, on which he made semi-regular appearances as an analyst after he retired from U.S. government service.[74]

Flynn sat next to Russian President Vladimir Putin at the dinner, leading journalist Michael Crowley of Politico to report that "at a moment of semi-hostility between the U.S. and Russia, the presence of such an important figure at Putin's table startled" U.S. officials.[52][75][76] As part of the festivities, Flynn gave a talk on world affairs for which he was paid at least $45,000.[74] Flynn defended the RT payment in an interview with Michael Isikoff.[76]

On February 1, 2017, the ranking Democratic members on six House committees sent a letter to Secretary of Defense James Mattis, requesting a Department of Defense investigation into Flynn's connection to RT.[77] The legislators expressed concern that Flynn had violated the Foreign Emoluments Clause of the U.S. Constitution by accepting money from RT.[77]

According to Representative Elijah Cummings of the House Oversight Committee, Flynn in February 2016 had reported to the Defense Department that he had not been paid by foreign companies, and also reported "insubstantial contact" with foreigners.[52] Glenn A. Fine, the acting Defense Department Inspector General, confirmed the investigation of Flynn.[52]

2016 U.S. presidential election

Flynn at a campaign rally, October 2016

Having already been consulted regarding national security by Carly Fiorina as well as other candidates, including Scott Walker, Ben Carson, Ted Cruz, and Donald Trump,[78] Flynn was asked in February 2016 to serve as an adviser to the Trump campaign.[79]

In July 2016, it was reported he was being considered as Trump's running mate; Flynn later confirmed that he had submitted vetting documents to the campaign and, although a registered Democrat, was willing to accept the Republican vice-presidential nomination if chosen.[80][81] However, Trump instead selected Indiana Governor Mike Pence.

As one of the keynote speakers during the first night of the 2016 Republican National Convention, Flynn gave what the Los Angeles Times described as a "fiery" speech, in which he said: "We are tired of Obama's empty speeches and his misguided rhetoric. This, this has caused the world to have no respect for America's word, nor does it fear our might";[82] he accused Obama of choosing to conceal the actions of Osama bin Laden and the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant.[83] Flynn went on to criticize political correctness and joined the crowd in a chant of "U-S-A! U-S-A!". During the chants, he told those in the audience, "Get fired up! This is about our country."[82][84]

During the speech, Flynn attacked Democratic nominee Hillary Clinton; he encouraged the crowd to chant "Lock her up!"; saying "Damn right! Exactly right! There is nothing wrong with that!"[47] He called for Clinton to withdraw from the race, claiming that "if I did a tenth of what she did, I'd be in jail today."[29] He repeated in subsequent interviews that she should be "locked up".[78] While campaigning for Trump, Flynn also referred to Clinton as the "enemy camp".[29] Six days after the speech, Flynn stirred up a controversy by retweeting anti-Semitic remarks, which he later apologized for and claimed were unintentional.[85] During the campaign, Flynn also posted links to false articles and conspiracy theories relating to Clinton on Twitter, including the Pizzagate theory.[86]

Flynn was once opposed to waterboarding and other extreme interrogation techniques that have now been banned; however, according to an August 2016 Washington Post article, he said at one point, in the context of Trump's apparent openness to reinstating such techniques, that he "would be reluctant to take options off the table".[29] In May 2016, an Al Jazeera reporter asked Flynn if he would support Trump's stated plan to "take out [the] families"[87][88] of people suspected of being involved in terrorism. In response, Flynn said, "I would have to see the circumstances of that situation."[29] In an interview with Al Jazeera, Flynn criticized the U.S. reliance on drones as a failed strategy, saying "what we have is this continued investment in conflict. The more weapons we give, the more bombs we drop, that just ... fuels the conflict."[49][89]

On August 16, 2016, the FBI opened a case on Flynn as part of its Crossfire Hurricane investigation.[90] The purpose of the investigation was to find out if Flynn was knowingly or unknowingly "involved in activity on behalf of the Russian Federation which may constitute a federal crime or threat to the national security" of the United States.[91] A review of the Crossfire Hurricane investigation, done by Justice Inspector General Michael Horowitz, was completed in December 2019. It concluded that "the quantum of information articulated by the FBI to open" the individual investigation on Flynn "was sufficient to satisfy the low threshold established by the [Justice] Department and the FBI". The review "did not find documentary or testimonial evidence that political bias or improper motivation influenced the decisions to open" the investigation against Flynn.[92]

The Trump transition team during the campaign, chaired by Chris Christie, opposed Flynn serving as National Security Adviser or in any other high-level position because he was viewed as "a loose cannon".[93]

Advocacy of technology transfer to Saudi Arabia

During the 2016 U.S. presidential campaign of Donald Trump, and subsequently, Flynn and Jared Kushner were engaged in promoting IP3 International's plan to transfer nuclear technology from the US to Saudi Arabia, for use in a proposed joint US-French-Russian-British project, in possible violation of the law.[94][95][96][97][98]

National Security Advisor

Japanese Prime Minister Shinzō Abe meets with President-elect Trump, Jared Kushner and Flynn in November 2016.

Trump administration transition

On November 10, 2016, President Obama warned President-elect Trump against hiring Flynn.[99] During their meeting in the Oval Office two days after the election, Obama expressed "profound concerns" about hiring Flynn to a sensitive, high-level national security post.[100] On January 4, 2017, Flynn informed transition team counsel Don McGahn, soon to become the White House Counsel, that he was under federal investigation for secret lobbying work he had done for Turkey during the campaign. Trump later questioned in May 2019 why he had not been told Flynn was under investigation so he could have removed Flynn from his team.[101][102][103][104] Similar to how he deflected questions about Flynn's truthfulness on government forms, Sean Spicer attempted to discredit the Obama administration by questioning why, if they believed Flynn to be a national-security risk, they had failed to revoke Flynn's security clearance.[105]

On November 18, 2016, Flynn accepted Trump's offer for the position of National Security Advisor.[106] Prior to his appointment, media sources including The Washington Post and Associated Press had already criticized his close relations with Russia,[75][76][107][108] and his promotion of anti-Clinton conspiracy theories and fake news during the 2016 presidential campaign.[86][109]

In December 2016, Flynn met with Heinz-Christian Strache, leader of the right-wing populist Freedom Party of Austria (FPÖ), at Trump Tower in New York.[110]

Flynn and Susan Rice in January 2017

Ten days before the inauguration of Donald Trump, Flynn told then-National Security Advisor Susan Rice not to proceed with a planned invasion of Raqqa using Kurdish People's Protection Units.[111] Flynn's decision would delay the campaign—which had taken seven months to plan—for several more months, but was consistent with Turkish objections to working with Kurdish troops.[112]

Contacts with the Russian ambassador

Flynn's history with Russian ambassador Sergey Kislyak dated to 2013; they met when Kislyak coordinated Flynn's trip to Moscow for Flynn's work with the Defense Intelligence Agency.[113]

On November 30, 2016, Flynn joined a meeting between Trump's son-in-law and adviser Jared Kushner and Kislyak at Trump Tower.[114] U.S. intelligence agencies intercepted Kislyak's report to Russian officials about the meeting.[115] Kislyak wanted Russian generals to discuss the topic of American policy in Syria with the Trump transition team on a secure channel; however, Flynn said the Trump transition team did not possess such channels in their offices. Kushner wanted to use secure channels at the Russian embassy, but Kislyak declined.[116]

Flynn and Kislyak then spoke by phone several times in late December and January. On behalf of the Israeli government, Trump and his transition team called several foreign governments, urging them to oppose or delay a United Nations Security Council resolution condemning Israeli settlements in Palestine. Flynn was tasked by Kushner with talking to Kislyak about this, and they spoke on December 22 and 23. Russia ultimately chose not oppose the resolution.[117][118][119][120]

On December 29, President Obama announced that in response to the Russian government's interference in the 2016 U.S. presidential campaign, the United States would take retaliatory measures, including the expulsion of 35 suspected Russian intelligence agents.[114][121] Trump and his transition team feared that the sanctions would damage Russia-U.S. relations,[122][123] and Flynn spoke with Kislyak that day, urging Russia to only respond in a "reciprocal" manner to the sanctions and not escalate.[114] Flynn conferred with incoming deputy national security adviser K.T. McFarland both before and after calling Kislyak, and McFarland informed other Trump transition team members.[119][122][123] On December 31, Kislyak called Flynn, informing him that Putin had not retaliated because Putin had accepted Flynn's request.[124] The Obama administration was astonished by Russia's decision not to retaliate.[122] U.S. intelligence agencies routinely monitor Kislyak's calls, and Obama administration officials discovered on January 2 that Flynn had spoken to Kislyak multiple times during the previous few days.[125]

On January 12, columnist David Ignatius, writing for The Washington Post, made public that Flynn had called Kislyak on December 29 and questioned if Flynn had said anything to "undercut the U.S. sanctions".[126][127][128] Flynn instructed K.T. McFarland to lie to The Washington Post that Flynn had not discussed the sanctions with Kislyak; McFarland did this, knowing it was false,[129] and The Washington Post reported the denial.[126] Flynn proceeded to lie about not discussing the sanctions with Kislyak to incoming chief-of-staff Reince Priebus, incoming press secretary Sean Spicer, and Vice President-elect Mike Pence, who repeated Flynn's falsehood to the media.[114][129][130] The Mueller Report stated that Obama administration officials feared that these public falsehoods could result in "a compromise situation for Flynn because the Department of Justice assessed that the Russian government could prove Flynn lied".[130]

Tenure

When he was national security adviser, Flynn urged the U.S. Department of Defense to set up a military communication channel with Russia to protect American and Russian air forces from each other in Syria, and possibly cooperate to take on the Islamic State, reported The Daily Beast website in July 2017. The Department of Defense and U.S. Central Command rejected the idea, reported the website. The National Defense Authorization Act, from 2015, had banned the U.S. from cooperating in military matters with Russia unless the Secretary of Defense allowed an exception.[131]

Flynn was an important link in the connections between Putin and Trump in the "Ukraine peace plan", an unofficial plan "organized outside regular diplomatic channels ... at the behest of top aides to President Putin". This plan, aimed at easing the sanctions imposed on Russia, progressed from Putin and his advisors to Ukrainian politician Andrey Artemenko, Felix Sater, Michael Cohen, and Flynn, where he would have then presented it to Trump. The New York Times reported that Sater delivered the plan "in a sealed envelope" to Cohen, who then passed it on to Flynn in February 2017, just before his resignation.[132]

Investigations during his tenure

In January 2017, then-FBI director James Comey decided to send FBI agents to interview Flynn. Knowing that Flynn had asked Kislyak to ensure Russia did not respond harshly to U.S. sanctions and also that Vice President Pence, Chief of Staff Reince Priebus, and Press Secretary Sean Spicer had all said Flynn told them he hadn't made such a request, Comey decided that Flynn needed to be interviewed as part of assessing whether Flynn was acting under Russian influence.[133] The FBI discussed how to structure the interview, and then-deputy FBI director Andrew McCabe called Flynn on January 24, asking him to meet with two FBI counterintelligence agents; Flynn agreed.[134] McCabe also asked if Flynn wanted a lawyer present, to which Flynn said no.[124]

The two agents met Flynn at his office later that day and asked Flynn about his exchanges with Kislyak regarding the late December 2019 United Nations Security Council resolution regarding Israeli settlements. According to the FBI notes, Flynn told the agents he had not tried to influence Russia's vote on the resolution; in fact, he had asked Kislyak to have Russia oppose or delay the resolution.[129][135][136] The FBI agents also asked Flynn whether he had asked Kislyak to avoid escalating the diplomatic conflict. According to FBI notes, Flynn responded: "Not really. I don't remember. It wasn't, 'Don't do anything'".[136][137][138][139] After the meeting, the agents prepared an FD-302 form, a form used to summarize an FBI interview, for the discussion with Flynn.[140]

Based on the results of the FBI interview, Acting Attorney General Sally Yates made an "urgent" request to meet with White House counsel Don McGahn,[141] and they met on January 26 and January 27.[142] Yates told McGahn that Flynn had misled Pence and other administration officials about the nature of his conversations with Kislyak and was possibly open to blackmail by the Russians.[107][143][144] Former United States Secretary of Defense Robert Gates called the possibility of Flynn being blackmailed "kind of a stretch", while acknowledging that his false statement was "a problem ... that I would tell the president about".[145]

Departure

Michael T. Flynn resignation letter

On February 9, 2017, The Washington Post broke the story that Flynn had discussed the U.S. sanctions with Kislyak, contrary to the public denials made by the Trump administration, citing "nine current and former officials".[127][146] The New York Times confirmed the story by The Washington Post, stating that a transcript of Flynn-Kislyak conversation existed.[127] The Washington Post also reported that on February 8 Flynn had given them flat denials about such discussions.[146] Flynn gave denials despite The Washington Post journalist Karen DeYoung informing him that officials "have listened to the intercepts" of his calls with Kislyak.[124]

After The Washington Post published their story, Flynn's spokesman released a statement on February 9 tempering Flynn's denial, describing that Flynn "had no recollection of discussing sanctions", but also "couldn't be certain that the topic never came up".[146][147] This happened after Flynn was confronted by Reince Priebus, Don McGahn, and John Eisenberg, who also informed Flynn that there were transcripts of his calls with Kislyak. Flynn told the White House officials he "either was not sure whether he discussed sanctions or did not remember doing so" (which was different from what he told Mike Pence and Sean Spicer in January).[124] Meanwhile, Mike Pence only learnt on February 9 that Flynn had lied to him regarding the calls; Pence was informed by that day's media reports, said Pence's spokesman.[148]

As a result of these news reports, public pressure on Flynn increased.[127] On February 12, Trump's adviser Kellyanne Conway, declared that Trump had "full confidence" in Flynn, however one hour later on the same day, Trump's press secretary, Sean Spicer, described Trump as "evaluating" Flynn.[127]

On February 13, Flynn resigned as National Security Advisor, writing that he had given "incomplete information" of his conversations with Kislyak.[149] Flynn's 24-day tenure as National Security Advisor was the shortest in the 63-year history of the office.[16] Before Flynn's resignation, he told the Daily Caller that in his conversation with Kislyak, he told Kislyak he was aware of the expulsion of the 35 Russians, and that: "We'll review everything."[148]

On February 14, White House Press Secretary Sean Spicer said Trump had asked for Flynn to resign, "not based on a legal issue, but based on a trust issue", due to "misleading the Vice President and others, or the possibility that he had forgotten critical details of this important conversation", which "created a critical mass and an unsustainable situation".[150]

Later in December 2017, President Trump said he "had to fire General Flynn because he lied to the Vice President and the FBI", noting that Flynn had "pled guilty to those lies".[151] Also in December 2017, Vice President Pence said that by the time Flynn departed the Trump administration, "I knew that he lied to me." Pence also said Trump "made the right decision" to remove Flynn.[152]

Investigations after leaving the Trump administration

On February 14, 2017, President Trump met with FBI Director James Comey in the Oval Office and reportedly told him "I hope you can see your way clear to letting this go, to letting Flynn go" adding "he's a good guy."[153] Comey subsequently testified that, "I had understood the President to be requesting that we drop any investigation of Flynn in connection with false statements about his conversations with the Russian ambassador in December ... I did not understand the president to be talking about the broader investigation into Russia or possible links to his campaign".[154] The propriety, and even the legality, of these words that Trump reportedly said to Comey about Flynn have become a subject of considerable public debate.[155] Several months after dismissing Flynn, Trump also dismissed Comey, which Comey attributed to the FBI's Russia investigation.[156]

Flynn had offered to testify to the FBI or the Senate and House Intelligence committees relating to the Russia probe in exchange for immunity from criminal prosecution.[157] However, the Senate Intelligence Committee rejected Flynn's offer for testimony in exchange for immunity.[158] Flynn initially declined to respond to a subpoena from the Senate Intelligence Committee, invoking his Fifth Amendment right against self-incrimination, but he and the committee later struck a compromise.[159][52] The Pentagon inspector general was also investigating whether Flynn accepted money from foreign governments without the required approval.[160]

On November 5, 2017, NBC News reported that Robert Mueller had enough evidence for charges against Flynn and his son, Michael G. Flynn.[161] On November 10, The Wall Street Journal reported that Flynn was under investigation by Mueller for allegedly planning a kidnapping and extrajudicial rendition of Turkish cleric Fethullah Gülen to Turkey.[162][163] On November 22, NBC News reported that Flynn's business partner Bijan Kian was a subject of the Mueller probe.[164] NBC reported that a Turkish businessman named Reza Zarrab, who was picked up in 2016 by US authorities in Miami on Iranian sanctions violations and money laundering charges, was offering evidence against Flynn.[165][166] Flynn's firm was paid more than $500,000 by Inovo, a Netherlands firm owned by Turkish businessman Kamil Ekim Alptekin, for work which included investigating Gülen.[9][167] In turn Alptekin received $80,000, said to be a kick-back in a report done by Reuters.[168]

On November 23, 2017, it was reported that Flynn's lawyers notified Trump's legal team they could no longer discuss anything regarding Mueller's investigation, suggesting Flynn may have been cooperating with prosecutors or negotiating a deal.[169][170][171]

Plea bargain

Michael T. Flynn, statement of the offense

On December 1, 2017, Flynn and special counsel Robert Mueller agreed to a plea bargain in the District of Columbia's U.S. District Court. In the agreement, Flynn pleaded guilty to "willfully and knowingly" making "false, fictitious and fraudulent statements" to the FBI regarding conversations with Russia's ambassador. In the Statement of the Offense to which Flynn agreed, he said he falsely denied that on December 29, 2016 he asked Russia's ambassador to the United States Sergey Kislyak "to refrain from escalating ... in response to sanctions that the United States had imposed against Russia that same day."[172] Flynn's guilty plea acknowledged that he was cooperating with the Mueller investigation, and it was accepted by the court.[173][174]

Delayed sentencing

Flynn's sentencing has been deferred several times,[175][176] most recently on November 27, 2019[177] and February 10, 2020.[178][179][180] As part of Flynn's plea negotiations, his son, Michael G. Flynn, was expected to avoid charges.[181]

In a sentencing memorandum released on December 4, 2018, the Mueller investigation stated Flynn "deserves credit for accepting responsibility in a timely fashion and substantially assisting the government" and should receive little or no jail time.[182]

Flynn's attorneys submitted a sentencing memo on December 11, 2018, requesting leniency and suggesting FBI agents had tricked him into lying during the January 24, 2017, White House interview and did not advise him that lying to federal agents is a felony. The memo also asserted that Flynn's relaxed behavior during the interview indicated he was being truthful. Trump echoed this assertion two days later on Twitter and Fox News, asserting, "They convinced him he did lie, and he made some kind of a deal."[183]

Mueller's office rejected these assertions the next day, stating agents had told Flynn portions of what he had discussed with Russian ambassador Sergei Kislyak to jog his memory, but Flynn did not waver from his false statements.[184] FBI agents concluded that Flynn's relaxed behavior during the interview was actually because he was fully committed to his lies.[184] Mueller's office also documented instances when Flynn lied about the Kislyak conversation during the days before the FBI interview.[184] Judge Emmet G. Sullivan ordered documents related to the interview be provided to him prior to Flynn's December 18, 2018 sentencing.[184] The New York Times reported that Flynn's "decision to attack the FBI in his own plea for probation appeared to be a gambit for a pardon from Mr. Trump, whose former lawyer had broached the prospect last year with a lawyer for Mr. Flynn."[184][185]

Sullivan, who had a history of skepticism about government conduct,[186] rebuked Flynn at his December 18, 2018 sentencing hearing. Citing evidence not released to the public, the judge told him, "arguably you sold your country out",[187][188] and warned, "I cannot assure that if you proceed today you will not receive a sentence of incarceration." He offered to delay the sentencing until Flynn's cooperation with investigators was complete. After conferring with his attorneys, Flynn accepted the delay. During the hearing, Sullivan indicated he was offended by the suggestion in the sentencing memo submitted by Flynn's attorneys that the FBI had misled Flynn, as it created an appearance that Flynn wanted to accept a generous plea deal from prosecutors while also contending he had been entrapped. He asked several questions of Flynn's attorney, Robert Kelner, to determine if the defense was maintaining that the FBI had acted improperly in its investigation of Flynn, including whether he had been entrapped. Kelner responded, "No, your honor" to each question. Judge Sullivan also asked Flynn multiple questions under oath, including whether he wanted to withdraw his guilty plea, still accepted responsibility for his false statements and wanted to plead guilty, and was satisfied with his legal representation.[189] Flynn restated his guilty plea, and acknowledged to Sullivan he was aware that lying to federal investigators was a crime at the time of his initial FBI interview in January 2017. Sullivan then delayed sentencing.[189][190][191][192][193]

On May 16, 2019, an unredacted version of a December 2018 government sentencing memo for Flynn showed that he advised investigators that both before and after his guilty plea "he or his attorneys received communications from persons connected to the Administration or Congress that could have affected both his willingness to cooperate and the completeness of that cooperation." The Mueller Report described a November 2017 voicemail Flynn's attorneys received from Trump's "personal counsel", reportedly John Dowd, who said: "[I]f... there's information that implicates the President, then we've got a national security issue ... so, you know ... we need some kind of heads up," reiterating the president's "feelings toward Flynn and, that still remains." The newly unredacted information also showed that members of the Trump campaign discussed contacting WikiLeaks about the release of emails and "potential efforts to interfere with the SCO's investigation."[194][195] The day the unredacted court filing was released, Sullivan ordered that the full transcript of the voicemail be released to the public by May 31, as well as the transcript of Flynn's conversation with Kislyak and unredacted portions of the Mueller Report relating to Flynn.[196] The Justice Department released the Dowd transcript on May 31, but not the Flynn materials.[197]

In June 2019, Flynn fired the Covington & Burling attorneys who had negotiated his plea deal and hired Sidney Powell, who had previously urged Flynn to withdraw his guilty plea. Trump complimented Flynn and Powell on Twitter.[198] Testimony of contractors of the Flynn company in the Bijan Rafiekian trial indicate their foreign customer was interested in classified government information on Turkey's cleric Fethullah Gülen, surveillance of Gülen supporters, and likely terrorist links that might be turned up by their own investigations of the Turkish cleric.[57][199] Bijan Rafiekian, who was a partner of Michael Flynn in the Flynn Intel Group and worked with the incoming Trump administration's transition team, was charged with illegally acting as an unregistered agent of Turkey. In 2019 a federal judge threw out the guilty verdicts against Bijan Rafiekian, citing insufficient evidence to sustain his conviction on either count.[200][57][201]

In August 2019, Flynn's attorneys filed a motion to hold prosecutors in contempt for "malevolent conduct", accusing them of withholding material that benefited his case to cause him to plead guilty. They alleged that parts of the federal government had attempted to "smear" him as a Russian agent, "or the victim of a criminal leak or other abuses related to classified intercepts of his calls with Kislyak".[202] In October 2019, Flynn's lawyers further alleged in court filings that "high-ranking FBI officials orchestrated an ambush-interview ... not for the purpose of discovering any evidence of criminal activity ... but for the purpose of trapping him into making statements they could allege as false."[203][204]

On December 16, 2019, after a review of possible case related findings in the Michael Horowitz report, Sullivan rejected the assertions of FBI entrapment and prosecutorial malfeasance, setting his sentencing date for January 28, 2020.[205] Sullivan asked prosecutors to present a new sentencing memo; they had previously recommended little or no jail time, but more recently suggested they might change their position.[206] On January 7, 2020, prosecutors presented a sentencing memo calling for Flynn to be sentenced to a term of up to six months.[207] One week later, Flynn's lawyers filed a motion seeking permission to withdraw his guilty plea "because of the government's bad faith, vindictiveness, and breach of the plea agreement".[18] On January 16, Sullivan postponed Flynn's sentencing date to February 27.[208] On January 22, Flynn requested he be sentenced to probation and community service if his request to withdraw his guilty plea is not granted.[209] On January 29, 2020, Flynn filed a personal declaration with the court, declaring under penalty of perjury that he was innocent, that he still didn't remember whether he had discussed sanctions with Kislyak or the details of their discussion of the United Nations vote on Israel, that his Covington attorneys had not provided effective counsel, and that he "did not consciously or intentionally lie" to the FBI agents who had interviewed him.[210] After senior Justice Department officials intervened in February 2020 to recommend a lighter sentence for Roger Stone than prosecutors had recommended the day before, NBC News reported that the previous month senior DOJ officials had also intervened to recommend Flynn's sentence be reduced from up to six months in the original recommendation to probation.[211]

Days before Flynn's scheduled sentencing, attorney general William Barr appointed Jeffrey Jensen, the U.S. attorney for the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Missouri, to examine Flynn's prosecution.[212] On February 10, 2020, Flynn's sentencing was postponed indefinitely, to allow both sides to prepare arguments in response to his claim that his previous lawyers violated his constitutional rights by providing inadequate legal counsel.[180]

Justice Department's motion to drop charges

Michael Flynn DOJ motion to dismiss

In February 2020, Attorney General William Barr declared that there would be a review of Flynn's case.[213][214] Barr chose St. Louis' chief federal prosecutor, Jeffrey Jensen, to conduct the review. Jensen himself was nominated by President Trump for the St. Louis position.[214] Trump had publicly called for Flynn's charges to be dropped. In late April or early May, Jensen recommended to Barr that the charges be dropped, and Barr agreed with the recommendation.[215]

On May 7, 2020, the Department of Justice (DOJ) filed a Motion to Dismiss with prejudice the criminal information against Flynn.[216] The motion, filed by Timothy Shea, interim United States Attorney for the District of Columbia and a longtime adviser of Barr's, stated that Flynn's questioning "was untethered to, and unjustified by, the FBI's counterintelligence investigation".[217] Lead DOJ prosecutor Brandon L. Van Grack withdrew from the case, and no DOJ attorneys who had been involved in the case signed on to Shea's motion.[217] Van Grack had contended in previous filings that the "topics of sanctions went to the heart of the FBI's counterintelligence investigation, [and] any effort to undermine those sanctions could have been evidence of links or coordination between the Trump campaign and Russia." Sidney Powell, Flynn's attorney, said prosecution filings had been made in "bad faith", and Brady materials had been withheld.[217] Judge Sullivan had previously ruled that Flynn's statements were material to the Russia campaign interference inquiry.[217] It was left to Sullivan to determine whether to dismiss the charges and also to prevent a retrial on the charges.[217] Sullivan had the option of requesting written submissions on the motion and also could determine if additional Brady disclosure materials that should have been provided to the defense could be added to the record.[217]

On May 12, 2020, U.S. District Judge Emmet G. Sullivan ordered a hold on the Justice Department's intent to drop charges, saying he expects that independent groups and legal experts will wish to intervene. Judge Sullivan said he will set schedules for filing "friend-of-the court" or amicus briefs.[20] On May 13, Judge Sullivan appointed retired U.S. District Judge John Gleeson to act as an amicus curiae "to present arguments in opposition to the government's Motion to Dismiss" and to "address whether the Court should issue an Order to Show Cause why Mr. Flynn should not be held in criminal contempt for perjury."[218] On May 19, Judge Sullivan set a schedule for amicus briefs (to be submitted no later than June 10, 2020), replies (with various dates in June, 2020), and oral arguments (on July 16, 2020).[219] On June 10, Judge Gleeson filed his amicus brief stating that the government's motion be denied as "the Government's statement of reasons for seeking dismissal is pretextual" and "there is clear evidence of a gross abuse of prosecutorial power" and concluding that "Flynn has indeed committed perjury in these proceedings" that should be taken into account in his sentencing.[220] On June 17, the Justice Department filed a brief with Sullivan asserting that even if Gleeson's findings of gross abuse were true, the Department still had sole authority to drop the case without judicial review. A footnote in the brief stated that assertions of prosecutorial misconduct made by Flynn's attorney, Sidney Powell, were "unfounded and provide no basis for impugning the prosecutors."[221]

On May 19, 2020, Flynn filed an Emergency Petition for a Writ of Mandamus in the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit requesting a writ ordering the district court to (1) grant the government's Motion to Dismiss with prejudice, (2) vacate its order appointing an amicus curiae, and (3) assign the case to another judge for any additional proceedings.[222] On May 21, the panel ordered Judge Sullivan to file a response addressing Flynn's request within ten days of the order and also invited the Department of Justice to respond.[223] In response to the order, Judge Sullivan retained Beth Wilkinson to help with his response.[224] On June 1, Judge Sullivan and the Department of Justice filed responsive briefs with the appellate court panel.[225][226] On June 10, Flynn, the Department of Justice, and Judge Sullivan filed reply briefs.[227] On June 12, oral arguments were heard by the appellate court panel by teleconference.[228] On June 24, the appellate court panel ruled to grant the writ, "direct[ing] the district court to grant the government’s Rule 48(a) motion to dismiss ... [and] vacat[ing] the district court’s order appointing an amicus as moot," with Judge Neomi Rao writing for the majority, joined by Judge Karen Henderson, and Judge Robert L. Wilkins dissenting in part.[229] On July 9, Sullivan filed a petition with the full appellate court to rehear the case.[230] On July 30, the full court agreed to hear the case, vacating the June 24 ruling, scheduling oral arguments for August 11, and advising the parties to "be prepared to address whether there are 'no other adequate means to attain the relief' desired."[231][232] On August 11, the full appeals court heard arguments from the DOJ and from Sullivan's attorney.[233] The appeals court ruled 8–2 on August 31, 2020 to deny the request to dismiss the case nor reassign the case from Sullivan.[234]

What may be the final oral arguments before the resolution of the case takes place on September 29, 2020.[235]

Political views

Flynn is a registered Democrat, having grown up in a "very strong Democratic family".[236] However, he was a headlining speaker during the first night of the 2016 Republican National Convention,[82] and he was a surrogate and top national security adviser for President Donald Trump.

During a July 10, 2016, interview on ABC News' This Week, when asked by host Martha Raddatz about the issue of abortion, Flynn said, "women have to be able to choose".[236][237] The next day, Flynn said on Fox News that he is a "pro-life Democrat".[238]

Flynn is a supporter of current Israeli policies.[239][240] He is also an opponent of the Iran nuclear deal. In February 2017, Flynn said "the Obama administration failed to respond adequately to Tehran's malign actions—including weapons transfers, support for terrorism and other violations of international norms".[241] Flynn accused Yemen's Houthi rebels of being one of Iran's "proxy terrorist groups" in February 2017.[242] Flynn also criticized Obama's administration for arming Syrian rebels linked to Salafi jihadism.[243] According to Flynn, the U.S. is "at war with a radical component of Islam".[243] Flynn has been a board member of ACT! for America,[244] and sees the Muslim faith as one of the root causes of Islamist terrorism.[46]

Flynn has described Islam as a political ideology and a cancer.[46][245] He once tweeted that "fear of Muslims is RATIONAL"[244] and included a video link claiming that Islam wants "80% of people enslaved or exterminated".[246] Initially supportive of Trump's proposal to ban Muslims from entering the US, Flynn later told Al Jazeera a blanket ban was unworkable and has called instead for "vetting" of entrants from countries like Syria.[244] Flynn has said the U.S. "should extradite Fethullah Gülen" to Turkey and "work constructively with Russia" in Syria.[48][247] In 2016, he said he had seen photos of signs in the Southwest border area that were in Arabic to help Muslims entering the United States illegally. Shawn Moran, a vice president of the National Border Patrol Council responded to CNN that the group [National Border Patrol Council] was not aware of the signs Flynn referenced, but they were concerned about the threat of terrorism at the southern border.[248]

Flynn was a scheduled speaker for a September 2019 "Digital Soldiers Conference" in Atlanta, along with other Trump associates George Papadopoulos and Gina Loudon. The stated purpose was to prepare "patriotic social media warriors" for a coming "digital civil war." The announcement for the event prominently displayed a Q spelled in stars on the blue field of an American flag, and the host of the event had numerous references to QAnon on his Twitter account.[249][250] On Independence Day 2020, Flynn tweeted a video of himself leading others in an oath to QAnon.[251] Flynn's attorney, Sidney Powell, denied the oath related to Qanon, saying it was merely a statement engraved on a bell on John F. Kennedy's sailboat. However, during preceding days numerous Qanon followers had taken the same so-called "digital soldier oath" on Twitter, using the same #TakeTheOath hashtag as Flynn had.[252][253]

Writings

Flynn co-authored a report in January 2010 through the Center for a New American Security, entitled Fixing Intel: A Blueprint for Making Intelligence Relevant in Afghanistan.[254] That report, which became influential,[255] argued that U.S. intelligence agencies "must open their doors to anyone who is willing to exchange information, including Afghans and NGOs (non-governmental organizations) as well as the US military and its allies".[256]

Flynn is also an author of The Field of Fight: How We Can Win the Global War Against Radical Islam and Its Allies, co-authored with Michael Ledeen, which was published by St. Martin's Press in 2016.[257] In reviewing the book, Will McCants of the Brookings Institution described Flynn's worldview as a confused combination of neoconservatism (an insistence on destroying what he sees as an alliance of tyranny, dictatorships, and radical Islamist regimes) and realism (support for working with "friendly tyrants"), although he acknowledged that this could be due to the book's having two authors.[258]

Awards and decorations

Flynn's decorations, medals and badges include:[7][259]

US Army Airborne master parachutist badge.gif
Bronze oak leaf cluster
Bronze oak leaf cluster
Bronze oak leaf cluster
Bronze oak leaf cluster
Bronze oak leaf cluster
Bronze oak leaf cluster
Bronze oak leaf cluster
Silver oak leaf cluster
Bronze oak leaf cluster
Bronze oak leaf cluster
Bronze oak leaf cluster
Bronze oak leaf cluster
Bronze oak leaf cluster
Bronze star
Bronze star
Bronze star
Bronze star
Bronze star
Bronze star
Ranger Tab.svg
Joint Chiefs of Staff seal.svg
Badge Master Parachutist Badge
1st row Defense Distinguished Service Medal Defense Superior Service Medal with three bronze oak leaf clusters Legion of Merit
with one bronze oak leaf cluster
Bronze Star Medal
with three bronze oak leaf clusters
2nd row Meritorious Service Medal
with one silver oak leaf cluster
Joint Service Commendation Medal Army Commendation Medal
with four bronze oak leaf clusters
Army Achievement Medal
with one bronze oak leaf cluster
3rd row National Intelligence Distinguished Service Medal[259] Coast Guard Distinguished Public Service Award[260] National Defense Service Medal
with one bronze service star
Armed Forces Expeditionary Medal
with two bronze service stars
4th row Afghanistan Campaign Medal Iraq Campaign Medal
with three bronze service stars
Global War on Terrorism Expeditionary Medal Global War on Terrorism Service Medal
5th row Humanitarian Service Medal Army Service Ribbon Overseas Service Ribbon NATO Medal
Badge Ranger tab
Badge Office of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Identification Badge
Other U.S. agency decorations
US Intelligence Community's Gold Seal Medallion[259]

Other awards and recognitions

See also

References

  1. ^ Tikkanen, Amy (September 10, 2019). "List of national security advisors of the United States". Encyclopaedia Britannica. Retrieved July 12, 2020.
  2. ^ Whitlock, Craig and Miller, Greg. "Trump's national security adviser shared secrets without permission, files show", Washington Post (December 14, 2016).
  3. ^ a b Abramson, Alana (July 18, 2016). "Michael Flynn: Everything You Need to Know". ABC News. Retrieved September 27, 2016.
  4. ^ Roulo, Claudette (August 7, 2014). "Rogers Lauds Retiring Defense Intelligence Agency Chief". DoD News, Defense Media Activity.
  5. ^ Miller, Greg; Goldman, Adam (April 30, 2014). "Head of Pentagon intelligence agency ousted, officials say". Washington Post. Retrieved May 19, 2018.
  6. ^ "How Mike Flynn Became America's Angriest General". Politico. Retrieved May 19, 2018.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h "Lieutenant General Michael T. Flynn, USA: Director". Defense Intelligence Agency. Retrieved February 14, 2017.
  8. ^ a b McBride, Jessica (July 10, 2016). "Michael Flynn: 5 Fast Facts You Need to Know". Heavy.com. Retrieved November 18, 2016.
  9. ^ a b Baker, Peter and Rosenberg, Matthew. "Michael Flynn Was Paid to Represent Turkey's Interests During Trump Campaign", The New York Times (March 10, 2017).
  10. ^ a b c "Former Trump aide Flynn says lobbying may have helped Turkey". The Big Story. Archived from the original on March 8, 2017. Retrieved March 9, 2017.
  11. ^ Farhi, Arden; Brennan, Margaret; Dufresne, Louis; Gross, Katherine; Watson, Kathryn; Alemany, Jacqueline (December 2, 2017). "A timeline of Michael Flynn's contacts with Russia, his ouster and guilty plea". CBS News. Retrieved May 19, 2020.
  12. ^ Haberman, Maggie; Rosenberg, Matthew; Apuzzo, Matt; Thrush, Glenn (February 13, 2017). "Michael Flynn Resigns as National Security Adviser". The New York Times. Retrieved February 14, 2017.
  13. ^ Greg Miller, Adam Entous and Ellen Nakashima, National security adviser Flynn discussed sanctions with Russian ambassador, despite denials, officials say, Washington Post (February 9, 2017).
  14. ^ Pramuk, Jacob (February 16, 2016). "Trump: I fired Flynn because of what he told Pence". CNBC.
  15. ^ "On Michael Flynn's Tenure as National Security Advisor". The Quantitative Peace. February 14, 2017. Retrieved February 14, 2017.
  16. ^ a b Derek Hawkins, Flynn sets record with only 24 days as national security advisor. The average tenure is about 2.6 years., Washington Post (February 14, 2017).
  17. ^ Herb, Jeremy; Polantz, Katelyn; Perez, Evan; Cohen, Marshall (December 1, 2017). "Flynn pleads guilty to lying to FBI, is cooperating with Mueller". CNN. Retrieved February 18, 2019.
  18. ^ a b Hsu, Spencer (January 15, 2020). "Michael Flynn moves to withdraw guilty plea, claiming government 'vindictiveness'". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on May 5, 2020. Retrieved May 5, 2020.
  19. ^ "AP Exclusive: Justice Dept dropping Flynn's criminal case". AP NEWS. May 7, 2020. Retrieved May 7, 2020.
  20. ^ a b Hsu, Spencer S.; Leonnig, Carol D. (May 12, 2020). "U.S. judge puts Justice Department's move to drop charges against Michael Flynn on hold". Washington Post. Retrieved May 12, 2020.
  21. ^ Gornall, Jonathan; Jacobson, Seth (December 2, 2017). "Hubris: the fall of General Mike Flynn". The National.
  22. ^ "Saluting A Family Legacy". Quadrangles Online. University of Rhode Island. August 13, 2009. Retrieved July 9, 2016.
  23. ^ Gillis, James J. (September 24, 2011). "Brothers in arms". The Newport Daily News. Archived from the original on March 31, 2017. Retrieved July 9, 2016.
  24. ^ "Recent Losses in the REALTOR Family". statewidemls.com. Archived from the original on July 10, 2016. Retrieved July 9, 2016.
  25. ^ "Miss Helen F. Andrews Weds Charles F. Flynn". Newport Mercury. May 10, 1946. Retrieved July 9, 2016 – via Newspapers.com.
  26. ^ Gal Perl Finkel, President-elect Trump—the 'West Wing' lesson, The Jerusalem Post, November 15, 2016.
  27. ^ Bergen, Peter. (2019). Trump and his generals: the cost of chaos. New York:Penguin Press. ISBN 9780525522416. p. 24
  28. ^ Mardell, Mark (January 5, 2010). "A damning view of US intelligence in Afghanistan". BBC News.
  29. ^ a b c d e Priest, Dana; Miller, Greg (August 15, 2016). "He was one of the most respected intel officers of his generation. Now he's leading 'Lock her up' chants". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on August 16, 2016. Retrieved August 16, 2016.
  30. ^ "Lessons Learned Program". Crystal City, Arlington, Virginia: Special Inspector General for Afghanistan Reconstruction. Retrieved May 8, 2020.
  31. ^ Whitlock, Craig Whitlock; Shapiro, Leslie; Emamdjomeh, Armand (December 9, 2019). "The Afghanistan Papers: A Secret History of the War". The Washington Post. Washington, D.C. Retrieved May 8, 2020.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  32. ^ "Flynn to head DIA; more general moves announced". Army Times. Retrieved April 18, 2012.
  33. ^ Ackerman, Spencer (April 17, 2012). "Military Intelligence Gadfly Will Lead All Military Intelligence". Wired.
  34. ^ "Panetta: Under Burgess, DIA Evolved Into Global Agency". Retrieved April 9, 2017.
  35. ^ Hoskinson, Charles (October 10, 2012). "DIA maps out new structure to address 'persistent conflict". Defense Systems. Retrieved October 17, 2012.
  36. ^ Government Executive, Intelligence community must adapt to era of vast data, study says (November 2012).
  37. ^ Peter Zwack. Death of the GRU Commander Defense One, February 1, 2016.
  38. ^ Harding, Luke; Kirchgaessner, Stephanie; Hopkins, Nick (March 31, 2017). "Michael Flynn: new evidence spy chiefs had concerns about Russian ties: US and UK officials were troubled by Moscow contacts and encounter with woman linked to Russian spy agency records". The Guardian. London. Retrieved May 8, 2020.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  39. ^ Schmidle, Nicholas (February 18, 2017). "Michael Flynn, General Chaos". The New Yorker. Retrieved May 20, 2020.
  40. ^ Goldman, Adam; Mazzetti, Mark; Rosenberg, Matthew (May 18, 2018). "F.B.I. Used Informant to Investigate Russia Ties to Campaign, Not to Spy, as Trump Claims". The New York Times.
  41. ^ LaFraniere, Sharon; Barnes, Julian E. (May 9, 2020). "For Flynn, Dropped Charges Are the Latest in a Life Full of Reversals". The New York Times.
  42. ^ "Top 2 Pentagon intelligence officials abruptly quit". Yahoo News. Retrieved July 10, 2016.
  43. ^ Miller, Greg; Goldman, Adam (April 30, 2014). "Head of Pentagon intelligence agency forced out, officials say". The Washington Post. Retrieved July 9, 2016.
  44. ^ a b "Michael Flynn, Trump's military adviser, says Colin Powell's emails include 'really mean things'". The Washington Post. Retrieved November 19, 2016.
  45. ^ Devereaux, Ryan (July 13, 2016). "An Interview With Michael T. Flynn, the Ex-Pentagon Spy Who Supports Donald Trump". The Intercept. Retrieved November 19, 2016.
  46. ^ a b c Rosenberg, Matthew; Haberman, Maggie (November 17, 2016). "Trump Is Said to Offer National Security Post to Michael Flynn, Retired General". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved November 18, 2016.
  47. ^ a b James Kitfield, How Mike Flynn Became America's Angriest General, Politico Magazine (October 2016).
  48. ^ a b Hersh, Seymour (January 7, 2016). "Military to Military". London Review of Books. 38 (1). Retrieved November 19, 2016.
  49. ^ a b "Transcript: Michael Flynn on ISIL". Al Jazeera. Retrieved November 18, 2016.
  50. ^ "Lt. Gen. Mike Flynn". CCJ Symposium.
  51. ^ a b c d e Confessore, Nicholas; Rosenberg, Matthew; Hakim, Danny (June 18, 2017). "How Michael Flynn's Disdain for Limits Led to a Legal Quagmire". The New York Times.
  52. ^ a b c d e Mark Mazzetti; Matthew Rosenberg (May 23, 2017). "Michael Flynn Misled Pentagon About Russia Ties, Letter Says". The New York Times. Archived from the original on May 23, 2017. Retrieved May 24, 2017.
  53. ^ a b Braun, Stephen; Burns, Robert (February 14, 2017). "Michael Flynn, fired once by a president, now resigns to another". CTV News.
  54. ^ Kocieniwski, David; Robinson, Peter (December 23, 2016). "Trump Aide Partnered With Firm Run by Man With Alleged KGB Ties". Bloomberg News. Retrieved June 18, 2017. Brainwave is seeking to develop a market for its innovative—but broadly disputed—technology called "brain fingerprinting" which tries to assess an interrogation subject's honesty through a brain scan. Flynn was brought onto the company's board of advisers to help sell the product to defense and law enforcement agencies, Brainwave President Krishna Ika said in an interview.
  55. ^ Gold, Matea (May 4, 2017). "The mystery behind a Flynn associate's quiet work for the Trump campaign". The Washington Post.
  56. ^ Bykowicz, Julie; Wilber, Del Quentin; Viswanatha, Aruna (July 10, 2018). "Mike Flynn's Lawyers Say He Is No Longer Joining Consulting Firm". The Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on July 11, 2018. Retrieved July 11, 2018.
  57. ^ a b c "Trial Begins With High Stakes for US-Turkey Ties, Ex-Trump Adviser Flynn". Voice of America. July 15, 2019.
  58. ^ Act! Cleveland Meeting: General Michael Flynn (video). July 15, 2016. Event occurs at 13:15. Retrieved March 11, 2017.
  59. ^ Arnsdorf, Isaac (November 14, 2016). "Trump adviser linked to Turkish lobbying". Politico. Retrieved May 29, 2020.
  60. ^ a b Daragahi, Borzou (June 20, 2017). "The Man At The Center Of This Trump Scandal Wants To Clear His Name". BuzzFeed News. Retrieved May 29, 2020.
  61. ^ Meyer, Theodoric (March 9, 2017). "Flynn lobbied for Turkish-linked firm after election, documents show". Politico. Retrieved May 20, 2020.
  62. ^ a b Flynn, Michael T. (November 8, 2016). "Our ally Turkey is in crisis and needs our support". The Hill. Retrieved May 29, 2020.
  63. ^ Jessica Schulberg Foreign Affairs (November 21, 2016). "Trump's National Security Adviser Changed His Mind About Turkey Coup Attempt After His Firm Got Involved". The Huffington Post. Retrieved November 21, 2016.
  64. ^ Rubin, Michael (November 12, 2016). "Team Trump's first ethics scandal?". American Enterprise Institute. Retrieved May 29, 2020.
  65. ^ Grimaldi, James V.; Nissenbaum, Dion; Coker, Margaret (March 24, 2017). "Ex-CIA Director: Mike Flynn and Turkish Officials Discussed Removal of Erdogan Foe From U.S." Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved March 25, 2017.
  66. ^ Bertrand, Natasha (March 24, 2017). "'You don't haul somebody overseas': Ex CIA director says Michael Flynn may have gone too far in a meeting with Turkish officials". Business Insider. Retrieved May 29, 2020.
  67. ^ Isikoff, Michael (November 17, 2016). "Michael Flynn, Trump's reported pick for national security adviser, sat in on intel briefings—while advising foreign clients". Yahoo News. Retrieved May 29, 2020.
  68. ^ Dilanian, Ken (March 10, 2017). "Mike Flynn attended intelligence briefings while a lobbyist for Turkey". NBC News. Retrieved May 29, 2020.
  69. ^ Landay, Jonathan; Strobel, Warren; Layne, Nathan (September 13, 2017). Walcott, John; Cooney, Peter (eds.). "Democrats investigating whether Flynn promoted reactor project as Trump aide". Reuters. Retrieved December 1, 2017.
  70. ^ House, Billy (September 13, 2017). "Flynn Omitted a Saudi Nuclear Project in Filing, Democrats Say". Bloomberg News. Retrieved May 29, 2020.
  71. ^ "#RT10 anniversary event on shape-shifting powers in today's world". RT.
  72. ^ "Q&A with US frm. Director of Defense Intelligence Agency Michael Flynn on MidEast crisis". RT's YouTube channel. December 28, 2015.
  73. ^ 'I am not a Russian spy': Jill Stein slams Clinton's accusations, CNN, Veronica Stracqualursi, October 11, 2019. Retrieved May 8, 2020.
  74. ^ a b Huetteman, Emmarie; Rosenberg, Matthew (April 27, 2017). "Pentagon Inquiry Seeks to Learn if Flynn Hid Foreign Payment". The New York Times. Retrieved June 1, 2017.
  75. ^ a b Michael Crowley, The Kremlin's Candidate: In the 2016 election, Putin's propaganda network is picking sides, Politico Magazine (May/June 2016).
  76. ^ a b c Michael Isikoff, Top Trump adviser defends payment for Russian speaking engagement, Yahoo News (July 18, 2016).
  77. ^ a b
  78. ^ a b Priest, Dana (August 15, 2016). "Trump adviser Michael T. Flynn on his dinner with Putin and why Russia Today is just like CNN". The Washington Post. Retrieved August 16, 2016.
  79. ^ Beauchamp, Zack (July 9, 2016). "Michael Flynn, the retired general on Donald Trump's VP shortlist, explained". Vox.
  80. ^ "A curveball in Trump's Veep search: He's seriously considering a retired general". The Washington Post. Retrieved July 11, 2016.
  81. ^ "Trump Vetting Gen. Michael Flynn for Potential VP Pick". ABC News. July 9, 2016. Retrieved July 11, 2016.
  82. ^ a b c Cloud, David S.; Mai-Duc, Christine (July 20, 2016). "Retired Army Gen. Michael Flynn delivers fiery speech to emptying convention hall". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved August 16, 2016.
  83. ^ Reverse Redacted: Michael Flynn Speech Highlights Regated Archived November 13, 2016, at the Wayback Machine
  84. ^ East, Kristen (July 17, 2016). "Republican National Convention 2016 schedule of speakers". Politico. Retrieved July 19, 2016.
  85. ^ "Flynn retweets anti-Semitic remark". Politico. Retrieved July 24, 2016.
  86. ^ a b Kaczynski, Andrew (November 18, 2016). "On Twitter, Michael Flynn interacted with alt-right, made controversial comments on Muslims, shared fake news". CNN. Retrieved December 18, 2016.
  87. ^ "Trump on Beating ISIS: 'You Have to Take Out Their Families'". Fox News. December 2, 2015. Retrieved November 19, 2016.
  88. ^ Stein, Sam (March 9, 2016). "Trump Says He Never Pledged To Kill Family Members Of Terrorists". The Huffington Post. Retrieved November 19, 2016.
  89. ^ Hussain, Murtaza (July 16, 2015). "Retired General: Drones Create More Terrorists Than They Kill, Iraq War Helped Create ISIS". The Intercept. Retrieved November 18, 2016.
  90. ^ Inspector General Report, December 2019, p. 2: "On August 16, 2016, the FBI opened a fourth individual case under Crossfire Hurricane on Michael Flynn, who was serving at the time as the Trump campaign's National Security Advisor."
  91. ^ Megerian, Chris; Wilber, Quentin (May 7, 2020). "Justice Department moves to drop prosecution of Michael Flynn". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on May 18, 2020. Retrieved May 18, 2020.
  92. ^ Strohm, Chris (December 9, 2019). "No Bias or Spying on Trump, But 17 FBI Mistakes: Key Takeaways". Bloomberg News. Archived from the original on December 11, 2019. Retrieved May 18, 2020.
  93. ^ Bergen, Peter. (2019). Trump and his generals: the cost of chaos. New York: Penguin Press. ISBN 9780525522416. p. 46.
  94. ^ Stein, Jeff (June 9, 2017). "Michael Flynn, Russia and a grand scheme to build nuclear power plants in the Middle East". Newsweek.
  95. ^ "Michael Flynn's role in Middle Eastern nuclear project could compound legal issues—The Washington Post". November 27, 2017. Archived from the original on November 27, 2017.
  96. ^ "Inside the White House, Michael Flynn pushed proposal from company he said he had advised—The Washington Post". November 29, 2017. Archived from the original on November 29, 2017.
  97. ^ "Why Trump might bend nuclear security rules to help Saudi Arabia build reactors in the desert—The Washington Post". February 20, 2018. Archived from the original on February 20, 2018.
  98. ^ "Whistleblowers: Flynn backed plan to transfer nuclear tech to Saudis". NBC News.
  99. ^ Dovere, Edward-Isaac; Nussbaum, Matthew (May 8, 2017). "Obama warned Trump about Flynn, officials say". Politico. Retrieved May 24, 2017.
  100. ^ Shear, Michael D. (May 8, 2017). "Obama Warned Trump About Hiring Flynn, Officials Say". The New York Times. Retrieved May 24, 2017.
  101. ^ Sullivan, Eileen (May 17, 2019). "What Trump Got Wrong on the Investigations Into Michael Flynn". The New York Times.
  102. ^ Rupar, Aaron (May 17, 2019). "Trump blames Obama for not warning him about Michael Flynn. Which Obama did". Vox.
  103. ^ "Jake Tapper: Trump Was Warned About Michael Flynn". May 17, 2019.
  104. ^ Matthew Rosenberg; Mark Mazzetti (May 18, 2017). "Trump Team Knew Flynn Was Under Investigation Before He Came to White House". The New York Times. p. A1. Retrieved May 24, 2017.
  105. ^ Dovere, Edward-Isaac; Nussbaum, Matthew. "Obama warned Trump about Flynn, officials say". POLITICO. Retrieved May 23, 2020.
  106. ^ Bradner, Eric; Murray, Sara; Browne, Ryan (November 18, 2016). "Trump offers Flynn job of national security advisor". CNN. Retrieved May 27, 2017.
  107. ^ a b Entous, Adam; Nakashima, Ellen; Rucker, Philip (February 13, 2017). "Justice Department warned White House that Flynn could be vulnerable to Russian blackmail, officials say". The Washington Post.
  108. ^ "AP Source: Trump aide in frequent contact with Russia envoy". AP News. Retrieved January 13, 2017.
  109. ^ "Flynn under fire for fake news". Politico. Retrieved January 13, 2017.
  110. ^ Smale, Alison (December 19, 2016). "Austria's Far Right Signs a Cooperation Pact With Putin's Party". The New York Times. Retrieved December 21, 2016.
  111. ^ Bergengruen, Vera (May 17, 2017). "Flynn stopped military plan Turkey opposed—after being paid as its agent". McClatchy DC. Retrieved May 24, 2017.
  112. ^ Entous, Adam; Jaffe, Greg; Ryan, Missy (February 2, 2017). "Obama's White House worked for months on a plan to seize Raqqa. Trump's team took a brief look and decided not to pull the trigger". The Washington Post. Retrieved May 24, 2017.
  113. ^ Miller, Greg; Entous, Adam; Nakashima, Ellen (February 14, 2017). "Flynn's swift downfall: From a phone call in the Dominican Republic to a forced resignation at the White House". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on February 15, 2017. Retrieved May 9, 2020.
  114. ^ a b c d Mueller, Robert. "Report On The Investigation Into Russian Interference In The 2016 Presidential Election" (PDF). United States Department of Justice. p. (159–161 & 167–173, Volume I), (24–26 & 29–38, Volume II). Retrieved May 14, 2020.
  115. ^ Nakashima, Ellen; Entous, Adam; Miller, Greg (May 26, 2017). "Russian ambassador told Moscow that Kushner wanted secret communications channel with Kremlin". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on May 27, 2017. Retrieved May 15, 2020.
  116. ^ Kiely, Eugene (April 18, 2019). "What the Mueller Report Says About Russian Contacts". FactCheck.org. Retrieved May 14, 2020.
  117. ^ Dolsten, Josefin; Adkins, Laura (April 18, 2019). "6 Jewish takeaways from the Mueller report". The Times of Israel. Retrieved May 14, 2020.
  118. ^ Cohen, Marshall (December 1, 2017). "Breaking down Flynn's lies about his Russia calls". CNN. Retrieved May 14, 2020.
  119. ^ a b Day, Chad (December 2, 2017). "Key events in Michael Flynn's interactions with Russia". Associated Press. Retrieved May 14, 2020.
  120. ^ Hartmann, Margaret; Tabor, Nick (April 17, 2020). "Everything We've Learned From Robert Mueller's Investigation (So Far)". New York. Retrieved May 14, 2020.
  121. ^ Wang, Christine (December 28, 2016). "US to announce new sanctions against Russia in response to election hacking". CNBC. Retrieved May 18, 2020.
  122. ^ a b c Feindt, Jan; Helderman, Rosalind. "'This Russia thing is far from over'". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on January 4, 2020. Retrieved May 18, 2020.
  123. ^ a b Spicuzza, Mary; Bice, Daniel; Glauber, Bill (April 18, 2019). "Wisconsin's Reince Priebus to President Trump before pivotal Comey meeting: 'Don't talk about Russia'". Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. Retrieved May 19, 2020.
  124. ^ a b c d Miller, Greg (December 12, 2018). "Book excerpt: How Michael Flynn lied to the FBI as well as Vice President Pence, Sean Spicer and The Post". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on December 13, 2018. Retrieved May 17, 2020.
  125. ^ Rosenberg, Matthew; Goldman, Adam; Schmidt, Michael (March 1, 2017). "Obama Administration Rushed to Preserve Intelligence of Russian Election Hacking". The New York Times. Archived from the original on October 13, 2019. Retrieved May 20, 2020.
  126. ^ a b Ignatius, David (January 12, 2017). "Why did Obama dawdle on Russia's hacking?". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on May 14, 2020. Retrieved May 20, 2020.
  127. ^ a b c d e Stelter, Brian (February 14, 2017). "How leaks and investigative journalists led to Flynn's resignation". CNN. Retrieved May 16, 2020.
  128. ^ Kessler, Glenn (December 1, 2017). "Michael Flynn's guilty plea: A comprehensive timeline". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on May 11, 2020. Retrieved May 16, 2020.
  129. ^ a b c Day, Chad (April 30, 2019). "The Mueller report's account of Michael Flynn's lies". Associated Press. Retrieved May 14, 2020.
  130. ^ a b Polantz, Katelyn; Cohen, Marshall; Lybrand, Holmes; Kaufman, Ellie; Fossum, Sam (April 30, 2019). "77 lies and falsehoods Mueller called out". CNN. Retrieved May 16, 2020.
  131. ^ Ackerman, Spencer (July 10, 2017). "Michael Flynn Had a Plan to Work With Russia's Military. It Wasn't Exactly Legal". The Daily Beast. Retrieved May 15, 2020.
  132. ^ Dreyfuss, Bob (April 19, 2018). "What the FBI Raid on Michael Cohen Means for the Russia Investigation". The Nation. Retrieved December 2, 2019.
  133. ^ Jeremy Herb, Laura Jarrett, Manu Raju, Marshall Cohen and David Shortell (December 18, 2018). "James Comey defends FBI's interview of Michael Flynn, transcript shows". CNN.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  134. ^ Josh Gerstein, Kyle Cheney and Natasha Bertrand (April 29, 2020). "Documents show FBI debated how to handle investigation of Michael Flynn". Politico.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  135. ^ "Mueller releases memo summarizing FBI's interview with Michael Flynn". CNN. December 18, 2018. Retrieved May 16, 2020.
  136. ^ a b Richey, Warren (December 17, 2018). "We know Michael Flynn lied to the FBI. But why?". Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved May 16, 2020.
  137. ^ Tucker, Eric (December 20, 2018). "Delayed sentencing for Flynn leaves key questions unanswered". Associated Press. Retrieved May 16, 2020.
  138. ^ "Mueller investigation releases redacted Michael Flynn interview notes". Axios. December 18, 2018. Retrieved May 16, 2020.
  139. ^ "Understanding the Michael Flynn Case: Separating the Wheat from the Chaff, and the Proper from the Improper". Just Security. May 29, 2020.
  140. ^ DeMarche, Edmund (May 15, 2020). "Trump wants FBI's original '302' report on Flynn case, says former adviser 'persecuted'". Fox News.
  141. ^ King, Michael (May 8, 2017). "Sally Yates warned White House Michael Flynn was vulnerable to Russian blackmail". WXIA. Retrieved May 9, 2017.
  142. ^ Borger, Julian (May 8, 2017). "Mike Flynn at risk of Russian blackmail, Sally Yates warned White House". The Guardian. Retrieved May 9, 2017.
  143. ^ Apuzzo, Matt; Huetteman, Emmarie (May 9, 2017). "Sally Yates Tells Senators She Warned Trump About Michael Flynn". The New York Times. p. A1. Retrieved May 24, 2017.
  144. ^ "Yates says Flynn could have been 'blackmailed', Clapper knocks collusion narrative". Fox News. May 8, 2017. Retrieved January 29, 2019.
  145. ^ Watson, Kathryn (May 14, 2017). "Robert Gates says Flynn blackmail fears are "kind of a stretch"". CBS News. Retrieved July 13, 2017.
  146. ^ a b c "National security adviser Flynn discussed sanctions with Russian ambassador, despite denials, officials say". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on May 1, 2020.
  147. ^ Blake, Aaron (February 14, 2017). "The timeline of Michael Flynn's resignation just looks bad for the Trump White House". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on May 16, 2020. Retrieved May 16, 2020.
  148. ^ a b Phillip, Abby; Nakashima, Ellen; Johnson, Jenna (February 15, 2017). "Pence did not learn that Flynn misled him on Russia until last week". Archived from the original on May 9, 2020. Retrieved May 9, 2020.
  149. ^ Maggie Haberman; Matthew Rosenberg; Matt Apuzzo; Glenn Thrush (February 14, 2017). "Michael Flynn Resigns as National Security Adviser". The New York Times. p. A1. Retrieved May 24, 2017.
  150. ^ Press Briefing by Press Secretary Sean Spicer, 2/14/2017, #12 Archived February 15, 2017, at the Wayback Machine The White House: Office of the Press Secretary, February 14, 2017.
  151. ^ Stewart, Emily (December 2, 2017). "Trump: I knew Michael Flynn lied to the FBI when I fired him". Vox. Retrieved May 13, 2020.
  152. ^ "Pence: I knew Flynn lied to me about Russian contacts when he was fired". CBS News. December 22, 2017. Retrieved May 13, 2020.
  153. ^ Schmidt, Michael S. (May 17, 2017). "Comey Memo Says Trump Asked Him to End Flynn Investigation". The New York Times. p. A1. Retrieved May 24, 2017.
  154. ^ Dilanian, Ken. "Comey to Testify He Assured Trump He Was Not Personally Under Investigation", NBC News, June 7, 2017.
  155. ^ Farivar, Masood. "Can Trump Be Indicted for Obstruction of Justice?", VOA News (June 10, 2017).
  156. ^ Sampathkumar, Mythili (June 8, 2017). "Comey testimony: The five biggest things we learnt from his damning Senate hearing on Trump". The Independent. Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  157. ^ "Mike Flynn Offers to Testify in Exchange for Immunity". The Wall Street Journal. March 30, 2017.
  158. ^ "Michael Flynn's Immunity Request Rejected By Senate Intelligence Committee". NBC News. April 1, 2017. Retrieved March 31, 2017.
  159. ^ "Flynn turns over documents to Senate panel probing Russia, Trump", CBS News (June 7, 2017).
  160. ^ Landay, Jonathan (April 27, 2017). "Pentagon probes Trump's ex-adviser Flynn over foreign payments". Reuters.
  161. ^ "Mueller Has Enough Evidence to Bring Charges in Flynn Investigation". NBC News. November 5, 2017. Retrieved November 24, 2017.
  162. ^ Grimaldi, James V.; Harris, Shane; Viswanatha, Aruna (November 10, 2017). "Mueller Probes Flynn's Role in Alleged Plan to Deliver Cleric to Turkey". The Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved November 10, 2017.
  163. ^ Chiacu, Doina (November 10, 2017). Baum, Bernadette (ed.). "Mueller probing alleged Flynn plan to deliver cleric to Turkey: WSJ". Reuters. Retrieved November 10, 2017. Special counsel Robert Mueller is investigating whether U.S. President Donald Trump's first national security adviser, Michael Flynn, was involved in an alleged plan to seize a Muslim cleric and deliver him to Turkey in exchange for millions of dollars, The Wall Street Journal reported on Friday.
  164. ^ "Mueller eyes Mike Flynn business partner Bijan Kian". NBC News. Retrieved November 23, 2017.
  165. ^ Köksal, Nil. (November 20, 2017). "ANALYSIS Who is Reza Zarrab? Turkish-Iranian gold trader may be working with Mueller investigation of Michael Flynn". CBC News website Retrieved December 3, 2017.
  166. ^ Lee, Carol E. & Ainsley, Julia. "Mueller Probing Possible Deal Between Turks, Flynn During Presidential Transition", November 10, 2017; retrieved December 3, 2017.
  167. ^ "Flynn's Turkish lobbying client complained about Trump's stance during campaign".
  168. ^ Layne, Nathan. "Flynn's former business partner charged with secret lobbying for Turkey". Reuters. Retrieved June 17, 2020.
  169. ^ Schmidt, Michael S.; Apuzzo, Matt; Haberman, Maggie (November 23, 2017). "A Split From Trump Indicates That Flynn Is Moving to Cooperate With Mueller". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved November 24, 2017.
  170. ^ Sophie Tatum; Evan Perez. "Flynn's lawyers no longer sharing information with Trump's legal team". CNN. Retrieved November 24, 2017.
  171. ^ "New sign Flynn may be planning to cooperate with Mueller". Axios. November 23, 2017. Retrieved November 24, 2017.
  172. ^ Higgins, Tucker; Mangan, Dan (December 1, 2017). "Michael Flynn, Trump's ex-national security adviser, is expected to plead guilty Friday to lying to the FBI". CNBC. Retrieved December 1, 2017.
  173. ^ Sullivan, Eileen; Goldman, Adam; Shear, Michael D. (December 1, 2017). "Michael Flynn Pleads Guilty to Lying to the F.B.I." The New York Times. Retrieved December 1, 2017.
  174. ^ Ross, Brian et al. "Flynn has promised special counsel 'full cooperation' in Russia probe: Source", ABC News (December 1, 2017).
  175. ^ Bowden, John. "Mueller, Flynn legal teams not ready to schedule a sentencing hearing". The Hill. Retrieved February 14, 2018.
  176. ^ Samuels, Brett (May 1, 2018). "Mueller requests Flynn's sentencing be delayed at least two more months". The Hill. Retrieved June 27, 2018.
  177. ^ "Judge delays sentencing for ex-Trump aide Michael Flynn". NBC News. Retrieved November 30, 2019.
  178. ^ "Michael Flynn's sentencing delayed after judge tells the ex-Trump adviser he might not avoid prison time". Washington Post. December 18, 2018. Retrieved December 24, 2018.
  179. ^ Samuelsohn, Darren; Bertrand, Natasha; Gerstein, Josh (June 24, 2019). "Flynn's sentencing delayed again so new lawyer can study up". Politico. Retrieved July 3, 2019.
  180. ^ a b Kruzel, John (February 10, 2020). "Judge delays Flynn sentencing for second time". The Hill. Retrieved March 11, 2020.
  181. ^ Leonnig, Carol D.; Dawsey, Josh; Barrett, Devlin; Zapotosky, Matt (December 1, 2017). "Michael Flynn pleads guilty to lying to the FBI". The Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved December 1, 2017.
  182. ^ Goldman, Adam; Sullivan, Eileen (December 4, 2018). "Flynn Was a Key Cooperator and Deserves Little Prison Time, Mueller Team Says". The New York Times. Retrieved December 5, 2018.
  183. ^ Polantz, Katelyn. "Michael Flynn asks federal judge to spare him from prison". CNN. Retrieved December 2, 2019.
  184. ^ a b c d e Goldman, Adam (December 14, 2018). "Mueller Rejects Flynn's Attempt to Portray Himself as Victim of the F.B.I." The New York Times. New York, NY. p. A1.
  185. ^ Goldman, Adam (December 11, 2018). "Michael Flynn Asks Judge for Leniency for Lying to F.B.I." Retrieved December 15, 2018 – via NYTimes.com.
  186. ^ Kendall, Aruna Viswanatha and Brent. "Judge in Flynn Case Has Frequently Faulted the Government". WSJ.
  187. ^ "Judge excoriates Trump ex-adviser Flynn, delays Russia probe ..." Reuters. December 19, 2018. Retrieved January 2, 2019.
  188. ^ Breuninger, Dan Mangan, Kevin (December 18, 2018). "Judge tells Michael Flynn 'You sold your country out'". CNBC. Retrieved January 2, 2019.
  189. ^ a b "U.S. v. Flynn, Transcript of Sentencing Proceedings" (PDF). Just Security. December 18, 2018. Retrieved May 25, 2020.
  190. ^ LaFraniere, Sharon; Goldman, Adam (December 18, 2018). "Trump Wishes Michael Flynn Good Luck Before Sentencing". The New York Times. Retrieved December 18, 2018.
  191. ^ Kirchgaessner, Stephanie (December 18, 2018). "'I can't hide my disgust, my disdain': judge lambasts Michael Flynn". The Guardian. Retrieved December 18, 2018.
  192. ^ "'I'm not hiding my disgust, my disdain': Veteran judge upends hopes of Trump allies as he spotlights Flynn's misdeeds". Washington Post.
  193. ^ Polantz, Katelyn (December 18, 2018). "Flynn: "I was aware" that lying to FBI investigators was a crime". CNN. Retrieved December 19, 2018.
  194. ^ March, Mary Tyler (May 16, 2019). "Flynn provided details in Mueller's obstruction inquiry, new memo shows". TheHill.
  195. ^ Cheney, Kyle. "Prosecutors: Person 'connected to' Congress tried to influence Flynn's cooperation with Mueller". POLITICO.
  196. ^ "Judge orders public release of what Michael Flynn said in call to Russian ambassador". Washington Post.
  197. ^ "Justice Department fails to comply with court order to release transcripts of Michael Flynn's conversations with Russian ambassador". Washington Post.
  198. ^ Mangan, Kevin Breuninger,Dan (June 12, 2019). "Michael Flynn hires new lawyer, Sidney Powell, who had urged him to withdraw guilty plea in Mueller case". CNBC.
  199. ^ Gerstein, Josh. (July 17, 2019). "Flynn juggled Trump campaign role with foreign lobbying, jurors told." Politico website Retrieved July 18, 2019.
  200. ^ CNN, Katelyn Polantz. "Judge throws out guilty verdict against Michael Flynn's lobbying partner Bijan Kian". CNN.
  201. ^ Weiner, Rachel (December 17, 2018). "Michael Flynn's business partner charged with illegally lobbying for Turkey". Washington Post.
  202. ^ Hsu, Spencer (August 30, 2019). "Michael Flynn asks judge to find Mueller prosecutors in contempt for 'malevolent conduct'". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on September 1, 2019. Retrieved May 5, 2020.
  203. ^ Binnall, Jesse; Powell, Sidney; Hodes, W. (October 24, 2019). "Flynn Reply in Support of Motion to Compel Production of Brady Material and To Hold the Prosecutors in Contempt". Court Listener. Retrieved June 15, 2020.
  204. ^ Shapiro, Rich (January 15, 2020). "Michael Flynn's move to withdraw guilty plea could backfire, experts say". NBC News. Retrieved June 15, 2020.
  205. ^ Hsu, Spencer; Leonnig, Carol (December 16, 2019). "Michael Flynn's sentencing set for Jan. 28 after judge rejects his attacks on FBI, Justice Department". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on December 16, 2019. Retrieved May 5, 2020.
  206. ^ Goldman, Adam (December 16, 2019). "Judge Rejects Michael Flynn's Claims in His Attacks on Prosecutors" – via NYTimes.com.
  207. ^ David Shortell; Katelyn Polantz. "Michael Flynn should get up to 6 months in jail for lying to FBI, prosecutors say". CNN.
  208. ^ "Flynn sentencing delayed as he seeks to withdraw guilty plea". TheHill. January 16, 2020. Retrieved May 2, 2020.
  209. ^ "Michael Flynn asks for probation, not prison, if he is not allowed to withdraw guilty plea in Mueller probe". The Washington Post. January 22, 2020. Retrieved May 2, 2020.
  210. ^ Flynn, Michael (January 29, 2020). "U.S. v Flynn, Declaration of Michael Flynn" (PDF). Sidney Powell, attorney. Retrieved May 25, 2020.
  211. ^ "Barr takes control of legal matters of interest to Trump, including Stone sentencing". Nbcnews.com. Retrieved May 2, 2020.
  212. ^ Matt Apuzzo (February 14, 2020). "Barr Installs Outside Prosecutor to Review Case Against Michael Flynn, Ex-Trump Adviser—The New York Times". Nytimes.com. Retrieved May 2, 2020.
  213. ^ Johnson, Kevin. "DOJ dropping case against former Trump adviser Michael Flynn, who pleaded guilty to lying about Russia contact". USA Today. Retrieved May 9, 2020.
  214. ^ a b Johnson, Kevin; Phillips, Kristine (February 14, 2020). "Barr appoints outside prosecutor to review criminal case against Michael Flynn". USA Today. Retrieved May 9, 2020.
  215. ^ Balsamo, Michael; Tucker, Eric (May 7, 2020). "Justice Department is dropping Flynn's Trump-Russia case". Associated Press. Retrieved May 8, 2020.
  216. ^ url=https://sidneypowell.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/05/Doc.198-Flynn-Governments-Motion-to-DISMISS-against-Michael-T.-Flynn.pdf%7Caccess-date=2020-05-21}}
  217. ^ a b c d e f Goldman, Adam; Benner, Katie (May 8, 2020). "U.S. Drops Michael Flynn Case, in Move Backed by Trump". The New York Times. Retrieved May 8, 2020.
  218. ^ ".Order". USA Today. Retrieved May 17, 2020.
  219. ^ Naham, Matt (May 19, 2020). "Michael Flynn Judge Sets Schedule for What's Next. This Is Going to Take a While ..." Law and Crime. Retrieved June 10, 2020.
  220. ^ Gleeson, John (June 10, 2020). "United States of America v. Michael T. Flynn, Brief for Court-Appointed Amicus Curiae" (PDF). Court Listener. Retrieved June 10, 2020.
  221. ^ Savage, Charlie; Goldman, Adam (June 17, 2020). "Justice Dept. Defends Dropping Flynn Case and Again Asks Judge to Dismiss It" – via NYTimes.com.
  222. ^ url=https://sidneypowell.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/05/Petition-filed.pdf%7Caccess-date=2020-05-21}}
  223. ^ Naham, Matt (May 21, 2020). "Federal Appellate Court Orders Michael Flynn's Judge to Explain Himself". Law & Crime. Retrieved May 21, 2020.
  224. ^ Moreno, J. Edward (May 23, 2020). "Judge in Flynn case hires high-profile attorney to help with response to appeals court: report". The Hill. Retrieved May 24, 2020.
  225. ^ Setzer, Elliot (June 1, 2020). "Judge Sullivan Submits Brief to D.C. Circuit on Flynn Case". Lawfare. Retrieved June 10, 2020.
  226. ^ Setzer, Elliot (June 2, 2020). "Justice Department Submits Brief to Appeals Court in Flynn Case". Lawfare. Retrieved June 10, 2020.
  227. ^ Setzer, Elliot (June 11, 2020). "Briefs Filed in the Flynn Mandamaus Appeal". Lawfare. Retrieved June 13, 2020.
  228. ^ Williams, Pete (June 12, 2020). "Appeals court appears unlikely to stop Flynn case". NBC News. Retrieved June 13, 2020.
  229. ^ Rao, Neomi (June 24, 2020). "In Re: Michael T. Flynn, On Emergency Petition for a Writ of Mandamus" (PDF). U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia. Retrieved June 24, 2020.
  230. ^ Nam, Rafael (July 9, 2020). "Judge asks appeals court to reconsider decision ordering him to dismiss Flynn charges". TheHill.
  231. ^ "Full D.C. Circuit Court Agrees to Rehear Michael Flynn Case".
  232. ^ "Per Curiam Order" (PDF). U.S. Court of Appeals for District of Columbia Circuit. July 30, 2020. Retrieved July 30, 2020.
  233. ^ Phillips, Kristine (August 11, 2020). "Michael Flynn's efforts to force federal judge to dismiss case faces a skeptical appeals court". USA Today. Retrieved August 11, 2020.
  234. ^ Polantz, Katelyn (August 31, 2020). "Appeals court denies Michael Flynn and Justice Department's effort to end his case". CNN. Retrieved August 31, 2020.
  235. ^ https://www.cnn.com/2020/09/29/politics/flynn-court-sullivan-doj/index.html
  236. ^ a b Diaz, Daniella (July 10, 2016). "Flynn voices abortion views at odds with Republican platform". CNN. Retrieved July 10, 2016.
  237. ^ Kelsey, Adam (July 10, 2016). "Possible Trump VP Pick Flynn Supports Abortion Rights: 'Women Have to Be Able to Choose'". ABC News. Retrieved July 10, 2016.
  238. ^ Griffin, Jennifer (July 11, 2016). "Trump VP short-lister Flynn clarifies abortion stance, says he's 'pro-life'". Fox News. Retrieved July 11, 2016.
  239. ^ "Trump's Transition Team Colluded With Israel. Why Isn't That News?". The Intercept. December 5, 2017.
  240. ^ "Jerusalem said to welcome Trump's 'pro-Israel' security picks". The Times of Israel. November 19, 2016.
  241. ^ "Trump administration: 'We are officially putting Iran on notice'". BBC News. February 2, 2017.
  242. ^ "Trump risks deeper entanglement in Yemen's murky war". Reuters. February 7, 2017.
  243. ^ a b "Transcript: Michael Flynn on ISIL". Al-Jazeera. January 13, 2016.
  244. ^ a b c Khan, Mariam (November 18, 2016). "Trump's National Security Adviser Has Called Islam 'a Cancer'". ABC News. Retrieved November 18, 2016.
  245. ^ Mangla, Ismat Sarah. "Islam is a 'malignant cancer': The hateful rhetoric of Trump's new national security adviser". Quartz. Retrieved November 18, 2016.
  246. ^ "Donald Trump's national-security team takes shape: Jim Mattis would be a reassuring choice; Mike Flynn is an alarming one". The Economist. November 26, 2016. Retrieved November 26, 2016.
  247. ^ Sanger, David E. (November 11, 2016). "Donald Trump Likely to End Aid for Rebels Fighting Syrian Government". The New York Times. Retrieved November 19, 2016.
  248. ^ Kaczynski, Andrew (December 10, 2016). "Michael Flynn once claimed Arabic signs on southern border guide 'radicalized Muslims' into US". CNN. Retrieved December 12, 2016.
  249. ^ Breland, Ali. "Michael Flynn and George Papadopoulos are scheduled to speak at a conference organized by a QAnon supporter".
  250. ^ "Secret donors and Trump allies: Inside the operation to push noncitizen voting laws in Florida and other states". Washington Post.
  251. ^ Mogensen, Jackie Flynn. "To celebrate the Fourth, Michael Flynn posts a pledge to conspiracy group QAnon".
  252. ^ https://www.newsweek.com/michael-flynn-lawyer-denies-qanon-slogan-1515574
  253. ^ Chapman, Matthew. "GOP Senate candidate films herself taking QAnon 'digital soldier oath'". www.rawstory.com.
  254. ^ Michael T. Flynn; Captain Matt Pottinger; Paul D. Batchelor (January 2010). "Fixing Intel: A Blueprint for Making Intelligence Relevant in Afghanistan" (PDF). Center for a New American Security. Retrieved August 11, 2015.
  255. ^ Landler, Mark and Perlez, Jane. "A Veteran and China Hand Advises Trump for Xi's Visit", The New York Times (April 4, 2017).
  256. ^ Mitchell, Peter. "Top Trump adviser defends Aust dealings", Australian Associated Press (November 21, 2016).
  257. ^ Flynn, Michael T.; Ledeen, Michael (2016). The Field of Fight: How We Can Win the Global War Against Radical Islam and Its Allies. St. Martin's Press. ISBN 978-1250106223.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  258. ^ Will McCants (July 19, 2016). "Realist or neocon? Mixed messages in Trump advisor's foreign policy vision". Markaz: Middle East Politics & Policy (Brookings Institution blog).
  259. ^ a b c "Lt. Gen. Flynn retires from DIA, 33-year Army career". Defense Intelligence Agency. Washington, DC. DIA Public Affairs. August 7, 2014.
  260. ^ a b c Silva, Melissa (February 16, 2016). "Former Director of the Defense Intelligence Agency, USA and Retired Lieutenant General Michael T. Flynn Joins Brainwave Science's Advisory Board". Business Wire. Retrieved February 14, 2017.
  261. ^ "Defense Intelligence Director Honored at Ellis Island Ceremony". DIA Public Affairs. Defense Intelligence Agency. May 14, 2013. Retrieved February 14, 2017.
  262. ^ Cuningham, Henry (November 8, 2012). "Lt. Gen. Flynn named Association of Special Operations Professionals' Man of the Year". The Fayetteville Observer. Retrieved February 14, 2017.
  263. ^ Suydam, Kellie (October 19, 2015). "IWP marks Silver Anniversary with gala celebration". The Institute of World Politics. Retrieved February 14, 2017.

Further reading

External links

Government offices
Preceded by
Ronald Burgess
Director of the Defense Intelligence Agency
2012–2014
Succeeded by
David Shedd
Acting
Political offices
Preceded by
Susan Rice
National Security Advisor
2017
Succeeded by
Keith Kellogg
Acting