Kolkata Knight Riders

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Kolkata Knight Riders
কলকাতা নাইট রাইডার্স
Kolkata Knight Riders Logo.svg
Captain: Gautam Gambhir
Coach: Jacques Kallis
City: Kolkata, West Bengal, India
Colours: KKR
Owner: Shah Rukh Khan (Red Chillies Entertainment)
Juhi Chawla, Jay Mehta (Mehta Group)
Founded: 2008
Home ground: Eden Gardens, Kolkata
Capacity: 68,000[1]
Indian Premier League wins: 2 (2012, 2014)
Official website: www.kkr.in
Kolkata Knight Riders in 2016

The Kolkata Knight Riders (also known by the acronym KKR) are a franchise cricket team representing the city of Kolkata in the Indian Premier League. The franchise is owned by Bollywood actor Shah Rukh Khan, actress Juhi Chawla and her spouse Jay Mehta. The team is currently captained by Gautam Gambhir and coached by Jacques Kallis, a former player of the team. The home of the Knight Riders is Eden Gardens, the largest cricket stadium in India and the third largest in the world by seating capacity.[2]

Although the team has gained immense popularity due to its association with celebrity owners, it was surrounded with controversy and poor on-field performance through the first three years of the tournament.[3] The team's performance, however, improved from the fourth season as it qualified for the IPL playoffs as well as the now defunct Champions League Twenty20. They eventually became the IPL champions for the first time in 2012, by defeating Chennai Super Kings in the final and repeated the feat in 2014, defeating Kings XI Punjab.[4] The Knight Riders hold the record for the longest winning streak by any Indian team in T20s (14).[5]

The leading run-scorer of the side is Gautam Gambhir,[6] while the leading wicket-taker is Sunil Narine.[7] The official theme of the team is Korbo, Lorbo, Jeetbo Re (we will act, fight and win!) and the official colours are purple and gold. The brand value of the Knight Riders was estimated at $86 million in 2015, the highest valuation amongst all eight teams by a margin.[3]

Franchise history[edit]

Sourav Ganguly with the symbol of the Kolkata Knight Riders, flanked by Shahrukh Khan on the right and Gauri Khan on the left.

In 2008, the Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) created the cricket tournament Indian Premier League based on the Twenty20 form of the game.[8] Eight teams would participate in the inaugural tournament held in April – June of the same year. The teams representing the eight different cities of India were put up on auction in Mumbai on 20 February. The team representing Kolkata was eventually bought by Bollywood superstar Shah Rukh Khan's company Red Chillies Entertainment in partnership with actress Juhi Chawla and her husband Jay Mehta for a price of $75.09 million, equal to approximately ₹2.98 billion at that time.[9] Sourav Ganguly, the former captain of the Indian national team, a native of West Bengal (nicknamed as Bengal Tiger, Dada or Prince of Kolkata) was named the Icon Player for the team.

The name of the team is a reference to the popular 1980s American television series Knight Rider.[10] In June 2015, they bought a stake in the Caribbean Premier League cricket team Trinidad and Tobago Red Steel[11] and later in 2016, renamed it Trinbago Knight Riders.[12]

Livery[edit]

Initially, when Kolkata Knight Riders were first introduced in 2008, the logo of the team consisted of a blazing golden Viking helmet against a black background with the name of the team written in gold next to it. However, the black background was changed to purple in the third season. It was in 2012 that the current logo, which has a blazing purple Corinthian helmet trimmed with gold, with Kolkata Knight Riders written within a shield was introduced.[13]

The tagline of the team was "All the King's Men" during the first four seasons.[14] However, in the fifth it was replaced by "New Dawn, New Knights". The team's official colours were black and gold during the first two seasons. At the time, Khan said that "golden symbolizes spirit of life and black presents the Goddess Kali."[14] It was later changed to purple and gold during the third season and was kept so. The jersey was created by Bollywood fashion designer Manish Malhotra.[14]

The main theme of the team Korbo, Lorbo, Jeetbo Re (we will act, fight and win!) was scored by Vishal-Shekhar duo.[14] A Knight Riders album featuring several singers and music composers including Usha Uthup and Bappi Lahiri was also created.[15][16]

Home ground[edit]

The home venue of the Knight Riders is the iconic Eden Gardens (with the two ends of the crease called the High Court End and the Pavilion End). Owned by the Cricket Association of Bengal, it is the largest cricket stadium in India and had a seating capacity of over 90,000.[17] In 2011, the stadium was renovated to meet the standards set by the ICC for the 2011 Cricket World Cup; reducing its capacity to around 68,000. The renovated stadium includes a new clubhouse and players' facilities, upgrading the exterior wall, cladding the existing roof structure with a new metal skin, and general infrastructure improvements.[18] In 2013, two of the team's home matches were hosted by the JSCA International Cricket Stadium in Ranchi.

Panoramic view of the Eden Gardens stadium during IPL 2008

Sponsors and partners[edit]

Finnish multinational communications corporation – Nokia was the official founding sponsor of the Kolkata Knight Riders and remained their main sponsor until 2014.[19][20][3] Star Plus, Reebok, HDIL, Kit Kat, Sprite, Gitanjali Group, SB Nation, Doublemint, SAP AG, Fever 104 FM, Pan Vilas, Seiko, U.S. Polo Assn., Uber, Dish TV and CK Birla Group have all formerly been their co-sponsors or partners.

In 2015, Chinese mobile phone manufacturer Gionee took over as their principal sponsor and signed a three-year deal worth 540 million (US$8.0 million).[21] As of 2016, they have co-sponsorship deals with Royal Stag, Sansui Electric, Lux Cozi, SRMB Steel, The Telegraph, Pepsi, Red FM 93.5, Adamas University, Ola Cabs, ICICI Bank, Apollo Gleneagles Hospitals, Lafarge, Fancy.com and Sony Music India along with several others.[22]

Players[edit]

Sourav Ganguly, the former captain of the Indian cricket team was the icon player and led the franchise in the 2008 and 2010 seasons. Brendon McCullum lead the team in the intervening period. Both captains were released before the 2011 season. The former team included all-rounders Chris Gayle, David Hussey, Laxmi Ratan Shukla, Angelo Mathews, batsman Ricky Ponting and wicket keepers Brendon McCullum and Wriddhiman Saha. The main bowlers were Umar Gul, Ishant Sharma, Ashok Dinda, Ajit Agarkar and Murali Karthik. Australian batsman Brad Hodge and bowlers Ajantha Mendis and Charl Langeveldt were bought outside the IPL auction in late 2008.

At the 2009 auction the team bought Bangladeshi all-rounder Mashrafe Mortaza. Due to the unavailability of Pakistani players starting 2009, KKR had to suspend the contract of Umar Gul, who was a key performer from the 2008 season.[23][24] On 26 April 2009, KKR administration sent back two of its players Akash Chopra and Sanjay Bangar on the premises of poor performance.[25] Shane Bond was acquired after releasing Ricky Ponting, Morne van Wyk and the Pakistani players Umar Gul, Salman Butt, Mohammad Hafeez and Shoaib Akhtar before the third season. Moises Henriques was traded to Delhi in return for Owais Shah and Manoj Tiwary. Thus, their overseas roster for the 2010 season consisted of Shane Bond, Mashrafe Mortaza, Brendon McCullum, Charl Langeveldt, Ajantha Mendis, Angelo Mathews, Brad Hodge, David Hussey, Owais Shah and Chris Gayle.

In the 2011 season, KKR drastically revamped their squad. Former captain and icon player Sourav Ganguly was not purchased in the January auction. This led to protest rallies, signature campaigns throughout the country and abroad along with stadium protests by various fan groups, such as No Dada No KKR,[26] which received both national and international press attention.[27] [28][29]The team appointed Gautam Gambhir, who was bought for a record-breaking $2.4 million as skipper.[30] Yusuf Pathan was also picked up for a whopping $2.1 million.[30] Other international names who were added include Shakib Al Hasan, Brad Haddin, Jacques Kallis, Brett Lee, Ryan ten Doeschate, Eoin Morgan and James Pattinson. Haddin was replaced by Mark Boucher mid-season due to injury.[30]

In the 2012 auction, KKR bought back their former captain, Brendon McCullum. They also acquired West Indian spinner Sunil Narine and South African fast bowler Marchant de Lange.

The team later added four domestic players to their squad, including Debabrata Das and Iresh Saxena from Bengal, Saurashtra's Chirag Jani and Sanju Samson from Kerala.[31] However, in November 2012, KKR released the latter three from their team along with Jaydev Unadkat, a key performer from the previous seasons. In the 2013 auction, the team acquired only two overseas players, Sachithra Senanayake and Ryan McLaren.

Before the February 2014 auction, the team had only retained their key performers Gautam Gambhir and Sunil Narine. From the auctions that took place, the team brought back Jacques Kallis and Yusuf Pathan with their right-to-match (RTM) card. Also keeping their place in the squad was Ryan ten Doeschate and Shakib Al Hasan. New international players were Morne Morkel, Patrick Cummins and Chris Lynn. Prominent Indian players bought included Robin Uthappa, Umesh Yadav, Manish Pandey, Suryakumar Yadav and Piyush Chawla.

KKR's impressive additions in the 2015 auction were veteran Australian bowler Brad Hogg and wicket-keeper Sheldon Jackson. Before the auction in February 2016, they released Ryan ten Doeschate who was a part of their team for five consecutive seasons along with pace bowler Pat Cummins. The Knight Riders were particularly noted for their change in approach from the previous auctions where they had concentrated on spinners. For the 2016 edition, however, they acquired as many as six pacers in the form of all-rounders John Hastings, Colin Munro, Jason Holder and Rajagopal Sathish as well as bowlers Ankit Rajpoot and Jaydev Unadkat, with the latter being a former player of the squad.[32]

Seasons[edit]

Year Indian Premier League
2008 League stage
2009 League stage
2010 League stage
2011 Playoffs
2012 Champions
2013 League stage
2014 Champions
2015 League stage
2016 Playoffs

The Knight Riders qualified for the Champions League Twenty20 in 2011, 2012 and 2014. The latter was the last edition of the tournament before it being permanently called off. The team was eliminated in the group stage in 2011 and 2012, but finished as runners-up in the ultimate season.

Current squad[edit]

  • Players with international caps are listed in bold.
  •  *  denotes a player who is currently unavailable for selection.
  •  *  denotes a player who is unavailable for rest of the season.
No. Name Nationality Birth date Batting style Bowling style Signed year Salary[33]
Notes
Batsmen
1 Manish Pandey India (1989-09-10) 10 September 1989 (age 27) Right-handed Right-arm off break 2014 17 million (US$250,000)
10 Robin Uthappa India (1985-09-11) 11 September 1985 (age 31) Right-handed Right-arm medium 2014 50 million (US$740,000) Occasional wicketkeeper
23 Gautam Gambhir India (1981-10-14) 14 October 1981 (age 35) Left-handed Right-arm leg break 2014 100 million (US$1.5 million) Captain
50 Chris Lynn Australia (1990-04-10) 10 April 1990 (age 26) Right-handed Slow left-arm orthodox 2014 13 million (US$190,000) Overseas
82 Colin Munro New Zealand (1987-03-11) 11 March 1987 (age 29) Left-handed Right-arm medium 2016 3 million (US$45,000) Overseas
212 Suryakumar Yadav India (1990-09-14) 14 September 1990 (age 26) Right-handed Right-arm medium 2014 7 million (US$100,000) Vice-captain
All-rounders
7 Rajagopal Sathish India (1981-01-14) 14 January 1981 (age 35) Right-handed Right-arm medium 2016 2 million (US$30,000)
09 Manan Sharma India (1991-03-19) 19 March 1991 (age 25) Left-handed Slow left-arm orthodox 2016 1 million (US$15,000)
12 Andre Russell[a] Jamaica (1988-04-29) 29 April 1988 (age 28) Right-handed Right-arm fast-medium 2014 6 million (US$89,000) Overseas
24 Yusuf Pathan India (1982-11-17) 17 November 1982 (age 34) Right-handed Right-arm off break 2014 32.5 million (US$480,000)
41 John Hastings[b] Australia (1985-11-04) 4 November 1985 (age 31) Right-handed Right-arm fast-medium 2016 13 million (US$190,000) Overseas
75 Shakib Al Hasan Bangladesh (1987-03-24) 24 March 1987 (age 29) Left-handed Slow left-arm orthodox 2014 28 million (US$420,000) Overseas
98 Jason Holder Barbados (1991-11-05) 5 November 1991 (age 25) Right-handed Right-arm medium-fast 2016 7 million (US$100,000)
Wicket-keepers
27 Sheldon Jackson India (1986-09-27) 27 September 1986 (age 30) Right-handed 2015 1.5 million (US$22,000)
Bowlers
03 Ankit Rajpoot India (1993-12-04) 4 December 1993 (age 22) Right-handed Right-arm medium-fast 2016 15 million (US$220,000)
18 Kuldeep Yadav India (1994-12-14) 14 December 1994 (age 21) Left-handed Slow left-arm chinaman 2014 4 million (US$59,000)
19 Umesh Yadav India (1987-10-25) 25 October 1987 (age 29) Right-handed Right-arm fast 2014 26 million (US$390,000)
21 Piyush Chawla India (1988-12-24) 24 December 1988 (age 27) Left-handed Right-arm leg break 2014 42.5 million (US$630,000)
31 Brad Hogg Australia (1971-02-06) 6 February 1971 (age 45) Left-handed Slow left-arm chinaman 2015 5 million (US$74,000) Overseas
32 Shaun Tait Australia (1983-02-22) 22 February 1983 (age 33) Right-handed Right-arm fast 2016 15 million (US$220,000) Overseas
65 Morne Morkel South Africa (1984-10-06) 6 October 1984 (age 32) Left-handed Right-arm fast 2014 28 million (US$420,000) Overseas
74 Sunil Narine Trinidad and Tobago (1988-05-26) 26 May 1988 (age 28) Left-handed Right-arm off break 2014 80 million (US$1.2 million) Overseas
77 Jaydev Unadkat India (1992-10-18) 18 October 1992 (age 24) Right-handed Left-arm medium-fast 2016 16 million (US$240,000)
  1. ^ currently injured
  2. ^ ruled out of the season with an injury

Administration and support staff[edit]

(l-r) Shahrukh Khan, Juhi Chawla and Jay Mehta, co-owners of KKR in 2012
Head coaches

Statistics[edit]

Overall results[edit]

IPL summary of results
Year Played Wins Losses Tied NR Win % Position
2008 14 6 7 0 1 46.16 6/8
2009 14 3 9 1 1 23.07 8/8
2010 14 7 7 0 0 50.00 6/8
2011 15 8 7 0 0 53.33 4/10
2012 18 12 5 0 1 70.58 1/9
2013 16 6 10 0 0 37.50 7/9
2014 16 11 4 1 0 68.75 1/8
2015 14 7 6 0 1 53.84 5/8
2016 15 8 7 0 0 53.33 4/8
Total 136 68 62 2 4 51.51
  • Abandoned matches are counted as NR (no result)
  • Win or loss by super over or boundary count are counted as tied.

Result summary[edit]

Opposition Span Mat Won Lost Tied Win %
India Chennai Super Kings 2008–2015 16 6 10 0 37.5
India Delhi Daredevils 2008–2016 18 10 8 0 55.55
India Kings XI Punjab 2008–2016 19 13 6 0 68.42
India Mumbai Indians 2008–2016 18 5 13 0 27.77
India Rajasthan Royals 2008–2015 15 6 7 2 46.66
India Rising Pune Supergiants 2016-2016 2 2 0 0 100.00
India Gujarat Lions 2016-2016 2 0 2 0 0.00
India Royal Challengers Bangalore 2008–2016 19 10 9 0 52.63
India Sunrisers Hyderabad 2013-2016 9 6 3 0 66.66
India Deccan Chargers 2008–2012 9 7 2 0 77.77
India Kochi Tuskers Kerala 2011 2 0 2 0 0.00
India Pune Warriors India 2011–2013 5 4 1 0 80.00

Overall results in CLT20[edit]

Main article: Champions League T20
Year Matches Wins Losses No result Win % Summary
2011 6 3 3 0 50.00 5/10 (13)
2012 4 1 2 1 33.33 6/10 (14)
2014 6 5 1 0 83.33 2/10 (14)
Total 16 9 6 1 60.00
Result summary in Champions League
Opposition Span Mat Won Lost Tied NR Win %
New Zealand Auckland Aces 2011–2012 2 1 1 0 0 50.00
South Africa Chevrolet Warriors 2011–2011 1 1 0 0 0 100.00
India Delhi Daredevils 2012–2012 1 0 1 0 0 0.00
Australia Perth Scorchers 2012–2014 2 1 0 0 1 100.00
India Royal Challengers Bangalore 2011–2011 1 1 0 0 0 100.00
England Somerset Sabres 2011–2011 2 0 2 0 0 0.00
Australia South Australia Redbacks 2011–2011 1 0 1 0 0 0.00
South Africa Nashua Titans 2012–2012 1 1 0 0 0 100.00
India Chennai Super Kings 2014-2014 2 1 1 0 0 50.00
South Africa Dolphins 2014-2014 1 1 0 0 0 100.00
Australia Hobart Hurricanes 2014-2014 1 2 0 0 0 100.00
Pakistan Lahore Lions 2014-2014 1 1 0 0 0 100.00

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.iplt20.com/venues/2/eden-gardens
  2. ^ "IPL 2014 Venues". India Today. 11 April 2014. 
  3. ^ a b c "KKR beats CSK in brand race". Business Standard. Retrieved 15 April 2015. 
  4. ^ "Kolkata Knight Riders win IPL 5, beat Chennai Super Kings". Retrieved 13 October 2012. 
  5. ^ "Records / Twenty20 matches / Team records / Most consecutive wins". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 2 October 2014. 
  6. ^ "Kolkata Knight Riders / Records / Twenty20 matches / Most runs". Stats. cricinfo.com. Retrieved 30 May 2012. 
  7. ^ "Kolkata Knight Riders / Records / Twenty20 matches / Most wickets". Retrieved 30 May 2012. 
  8. ^ "Everything you wanted to know about the Indian Premier League". Cricinfo. Retrieved 20 February 2008. 
  9. ^ "Shah Rukh Khan's Kolkata IPL team to be called Night Riders or Knight Riders". Cricinfo. 9 February 2008. 
  10. ^ Roy, S.K. & Chakraborti, R (September 23, 2013). "Chapter 6: Getting There". In Mutum, Dilip. Marketing Cases from Emerging Markets. Springer Science and Business Media. p. 70. ISBN 9783642368615. 
  11. ^ http://www.espncricinfo.com/caribbean-premier-league-2015/content/story/885765.html
  12. ^ "Superstar Shah Rukh Khan's CPL franchise is now Trinbago Knight Riders". Zee News. 10 February 2016. 
  13. ^ "Kolkata Knight Riders unveil new look, new logo". NDTV. 14 February 2012. Retrieved 14 February 2012. 
  14. ^ a b c d "King Khan launches Kolkata Knight Riders". Yahoo. 11 March 2008. Archived from the original on 16 March 2008. Retrieved 11 March 2008. 
  15. ^ "Kolkata Knightriders launched amidst gloom". Hindustan Times. 11 March 2008. Retrieved 11 March 2008. 
  16. ^ "No new videos for IPL teams!". Oneindia.in. 24 February 2010. Retrieved 17 April 2012. 
  17. ^ Eden Gardens | India | Cricket Grounds | ESPN Cricinfo. Content-ind. cricinfo.com. Retrieved 4 September 2011.
  18. ^ "Kolkata's Eden Gardens stadium gets a new look for Cricket World Cup 2011.". World Interior Design Network. Retrieved 10 June 2010. 
  19. ^ "Nokia renews contract with Kolkata Knight Riders for IPL 4". Economic Times. 1 April 2011. Retrieved 17 April 2012. 
  20. ^ "Reebok offers IPL merchandise". Indianretailer.com. 16 April 2012. Retrieved 17 April 2012. 
  21. ^ "Gionee clinches KKR sponsorship for ₹54 cr". The Hindu. 4 April 2015. 
  22. ^ "Official website". 
  23. ^ "Kolkata Knight Riders Sq­". Cricinfo. 26 April 2008. Retrieved 28 April 2008. 
  24. ^ "Hodge joins IPL for five weeks". Cricinfo. 26 April 2008. Retrieved 28 April 2008. 
  25. ^ "KKR send back Chopra, Bangar". Indian Express. 27 April 2009. Retrieved 17 April 2012. 
  26. ^ Cricket (2011-04-14). "IPL: Fans Make 'No Dada, No KKR' Campaign a Success". SportsKeeda. Retrieved 2012-02-01. 
  27. ^ India, Press Trust of. "Without Ganguly, Eden gets poor response". NDTVSports.com. Retrieved 2016-10-24. 
  28. ^ "Dada fans still hope of his return - Indian Express". archive.indianexpress.com. Retrieved 2016-10-24. 
  29. ^ "Facebook's Ganguly fans plan protest march - The Times of India". timesofindia.indiatimes.com. Retrieved 2016-10-24. 
  30. ^ a b c "Kolkata Knight Riders bank on Gambhir". The Times of India. 9 April 2011. Retrieved 25 August 2011. 
  31. ^ "KKR sign four domestic players for IPL-5 : Cricketnext". Cricketnext.in.com. 1 March 2012. Retrieved 26 May 2012. 
  32. ^ "From Buttler fortifying Mumbai Indians to KKR's faith in pace: SWOT analysis of IPL auction". Firstpost. 8 February 2016. 
  33. ^ [1]
  34. ^ "B-school boy gets back to the game". The Economic Times. Retrieved 12 April 2015. 
  35. ^ "Shahrukh Khan's 'Red Chillies' appoints Venky Mysore as CEO". The Economic Times. Retrieved 12 April 2015. 
  36. ^ "KKR appoint Venky Mysore as CEO". Mumbai. 24 September 2010. Retrieved 5 January 2011. 
  37. ^ "Data Cruncher: AR Srikkanth, Video Analyst, Kolkata Knight Riders". The Economic Times. Retrieved 12 April 2015. 
  38. ^ "Dav Whatmore profile". Retrieved 31 May 2012. 
  39. ^ Kallis appointed Knight Riders head coach

External links[edit]