Kolkata Knight Riders

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For other uses, see KKR (disambiguation).
Kolkata Knight Riders
কলকাতা নাইট রাইডার্স
Kolkata Knight Riders Logo.svg
Captain: Gautam Gambhir
Coach: Jacques Kallis
City: Kolkata, West Bengal, India
Colors: KKR
Owner: Shah Rukh Khan, (Red Chillies Entertainment)
Juhi Chawla, Jay Mehta (Mehta Group)
Founded: 2008
Home ground: Eden Gardens, Kolkata
Capacity: 68,000[1]
Indian Premier League wins: 2 (2012, 2014)
CLT20 wins 0
Official website: www.kkr.in

The Kolkata Knight Riders (also known by the acronym KKR) is a cricket franchise representing Kolkata in the Indian Premier League. The franchise is owned by Bollywood superstar Shah Rukh Khan, Juhi Chawla and Jay Mehta. The team is currently captained by Gautam Gambhir and coached by Jacques Kallis, retired South African all-rounder and a former player of the team. The home of the Knight Riders is Eden Gardens, the largest cricket stadium in India and the third largest in the world by seating capacity.[2]

Although the team has gained immense popularity due to its association with celebrity owners, it was surrounded with controversy and poor on-field performance through the first three years of the tournament.[3] The team's performance, however, improved from the fourth season as it qualified for the IPL playoffs and made it to the Champions League Twenty20. They eventually became the IPL champions for the first time in 2012, by defeating Chennai Super Kings in the final and repeated the feat in 2014, defeating Kings XI Punjab.[4] The Knight Riders hold the record for the longest winning streak by any Indian team in T20s (14).[5]

The leading run-scorer of the side is Gautam Gambhir,[6] while the leading wicket-taker is Sunil Narine.[7] The official theme of the team is Korbo, Lorbo, Jeetbo Re (We will do, we will fight, we will win) and the official colors are purple and gold. The brand value of the Knight Riders was estimated at $86 million in 2015, the highest valuation amongst all eight teams by a margin.[3]

Franchise history[edit]

Sourav Ganguly with the symbol of the Kolkata Knight Riders, flanked by Shahrukh Khan on the right and Gauri Khan on the left.

In 2008, The Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) created the cricket tournament Indian Premier League based on the Twenty20 form of the game.[8] Eight teams would participate in the inaugural tournament held in April – June of the same year. The teams representing the eight different cities of India were put up on auction in Mumbai on 20 February. The team representing Kolkata was eventually bought by Bollywood superstar Shah Rukh Khan's company Red Chillies Entertainment in partnership with actress Juhi Chawla and her husband Jay Mehta for a price of 3 billion, around $75 million at that time.[9] Sourav Ganguly, the former captain of the Indian national team, a native of West Bengal (nicknamed as Bengal Tiger, Dada or Prince of Kolkata) was named the Icon Player for the team.

The name of the team is a reference to the popular 1980s American television series Knight Rider.[10] In June 2015, they bought a stake in the Caribbean Premier League cricket team Trinidad & Tobago Red Steel.[11]

Livery[edit]

Initially, when Kolkata Knight Riders were first introduced in 2008, the logo of the team consisted of a blazing golden Viking helmet against a black background with the name of the team Kolkata Knight Riders written in gold next to it. However, the black background was changed to purple in the third season. In 2012, a new logo, which consist of a blazing purple Corinthian helmet trimmed with gold, with Kolkata Knight Rider written within a shield has been introduced.[12] The name Knight Riders has been chosen keeping in view the kids and the youth.

The tag line of the team was "All the King's Men" during the first four season.[13] However, in the fifth it was replaced by "New Dawn, New Knights". The team's official colours were black and gold during the first two seasons. Khan explained that "golden symbolizes spirit of life and black presents the Goddess Kali."[13] It was later changed to purple and gold during the third season and was kept so. The jersey was created by Bollywood fashion designer Manish Malhotra.[13]

The main theme of the team Korbo, Lorbo, Jitbo Re (We will do it, Fight for it, Win it) has been created by Vishal-Shekhar duo.[13] A Knight Rider album with several singers and music composers including Usha Uthup and Bappi Lahiri was also created.[14] In 2009, A music video for one of the songs from the album, called "Too Hot, Too cool" directed by Farah Khan and featuring Khan and some of the members of the team was filmed in helipad area in Film City, Mumbai. The theme of the video centred around the African wild life as the IPL 2's venue had been shifted to South Africa at the time.[15]

Home ground[edit]

The home venue of the Knight Riders is the iconic Eden Gardens (with the two ends of the crease called the High Court End and the Pavilion End). Owned by the Cricket Association of Bengal, it is the largest cricket stadium in India and had a seating capacity of over 90,000.[16] In 2011, the stadium was renovated to meet the standards set by the ICC for the 2011 Cricket World Cup; reducing its capacity to around 68,000. The renovated stadium includes a new clubhouse and players' facilities, upgrading the exterior wall, cladding the existing roof structure with a new metal skin, and general infrastructure improvements.[17] In 2013, two of the team's home matches were hosted by the JSCA International Cricket Stadium in Ranchi.

Panoramic view of the Eden Gardens stadium during IPL 2008

Sponsors and partners[edit]

Finnish multinational communications corporation – Nokia was the official founding sponsor of the Kolkata Knight Riders and remained their main sponsor until 2014, while Reebok was their official kit manufacturer.[18][19] In 2012, the Knight Riders had 18 sponsors, the highest among all teams.[3] Star Plus, Kit Kat, Sprite, Gitanjali Group, SB Nation, Doublemint, Amity University, SAP AG, Fever 104 FM and Pan Vilas have formerly been their co-sponsors and partners.

As of 2015, their principal sponsor is Gionee and they have co-sponsorship deals with Royal Stag, Sansui Electric, Uber, The Telegraph, Dish TV, Seiko, Colors, Adamas University, Cosco Limited, Red FM 93.5, CK Birla Group and Pepsi among several others while U.S. Polo Assn. is their kit manufacturer.[20]

Players[edit]

Sourav Ganguly, the former captain of the Indian cricket team was the icon player and led the Kolkata franchise in the inaugural season 2008 and 2010. He was released during the 2011 season. The earlier team also included all rounders Chris Gayle, David Hussey, Laxmi Ratan Shukla, Angelo Mathews, wicket keeper batsmen Brendon McCullum, Wriddhiman Saha. The main bowlers are Shane Bond, Ishant Sharma, Ashok Dinda, Ajit Agarkar and Murali Karthik. Australian batsman Bradley Hodge and Sri Lankan bowler Ajantha Mendis were bought outside IPL Auction in 2008.

At the 2009 auction the team bought Bangladeshi all-rounder Mashrafe Mortaza. It also includes Charl Langeveldt who was signed outside of the auction. Due to unavailability of Pakistani players in 2009, KKR had to suspend contract of key performer from the 2008 season Umar Gul.[21][22] On 26 April 2009, KKR administration sent back two of its players Akash Chopra and Sanjay Bangar on the premises of poor performance.[23] Shane Bond was the latest KKR acquisition after releasing Ricky Ponting, Morne van Wyk, Umar Gul, Salman Butt, Mohammad Hafeez, Shoaib Akhtar for IPL III. Moises Henriques was traded to Delhi in return for Owais Shah and Manoj Tiwary. Their international players for the 2010 season were – Shane Bond, Mashrafe Mortaza, Brendon McCullum, Charl Langeveldt, Ajantha Mendis, Angelo Mathews, Brad Hodge, David Hussey, Owais Shah and Chris Gayle.

In the 2011 season, KKR drastically revamped their squad. Former captain and icon player Sourav Ganguly was not purchased in the January auction. The team appointed Gautam Gambhir, who was bought for a record-breaking $2.4 million as skipper.[24] Yusuf Pathan was also picked up for a whopping $2.1 million.[24] Other international names who were added include Shakib Al Hasan, Brad Haddin, Jacques Kallis, Brett Lee, Ryan ten Doeschate, Eoin Morgan and James Pattinson. Haddin was replaced by Mark Boucher mid-season due to injury.[24]

In the 2012 auction, KKR bought back their former batsman, Brendon McCullum. They also acquired West Indian spinner Sunil Narine and South African fast bowler Marchant de Lange. The team later added four domestic players to their squad, including Debabrata Das and Iresh Saxena from Bengal, Saurashtra's Chirag Jani and Sanju Samson from Kerala.[25]

In November 2012, KKR released four players from their team : Iresh Saxena, Chirag Jani, Sanju Samson and Jaydev Unadkat. In the 2013 auction, the team bought two overseas players, Sachithra Senanayake and Ryan McLaren.

In the February 2014 auction, the team had only retained Gautam Gambhir and Sunil Narine. From the auctions that took place the team brought back Jacques Kallis and Yusuf Pathan with their right to match (RTM) card. They also bought Ryan ten Doeschate, Morne Morkel, Patrick Cummins, Shakib Al Hasan and Chris Lynn. Prominent Indian players bought included Robin Uthappa, Umesh Yadav, Manish Pandey, Suryakumar Yadav and Piyush Chawla.

KKR's impressive additions in the 2015 auction were veteran Australian bowler Brad Hogg and wicket-keeper Sheldon Jackson.

Seasons[edit]

Year Indian Premier League Champions League Twenty20
2008 League stage DNQ
2009 League stage DNQ
2010 League stage DNQ
2011 Playoffs Group stage
2012 Champions Group stage
2013 League stage DNQ
2014 Champions Runners-up
2015 League stage DNQ

Current squad[edit]

  • Players with international caps are listed in bold.
  •  *  denotes a player who is currently unavailable for selection.
  •  *  denotes a player who is unavailable for rest of the season.
No. Name Nationality Birth date Batting style Bowling style Signed year Salary[26] Notes
Batsmen
1 Manish Pandey India (1989-09-10) 10 September 1989 (age 26) Right-handed Right-arm off break 2014 17 million (US$250,000)
23 Gautam Gambhir India (1981-10-14) 14 October 1981 (age 34) Left-handed Right-arm leg break 2014 100 million (US$1.5 million) Captain
37 Robin Uthappa India (1985-09-11) 11 September 1985 (age 30) Right-handed Right-arm medium 2014 50 million (US$740,000) Occasional wicketkeeper
50 Chris Lynn Australia (1990-04-10) 10 April 1990 (age 25) Right-handed Slow left-arm orthodox 2014 13 million (US$190,000) Overseas
212 Suryakumar Yadav India (1990-09-14) 14 September 1990 (age 25) Right-handed Right-arm medium 2014 7 million (US$100,000)
All-rounders
12 Andre Russell Jamaica (1988-04-29) 29 April 1988 (age 27) Right-handed Right-arm fast-medium 2014 6 million (US$88,000) Overseas
24 Yusuf Pathan India (1982-11-17) 17 November 1982 (age 33) Right-handed Right-arm off break 2014 32.5 million (US$480,000)
75 Shakib Al Hasan Bangladesh (1987-03-24) 24 March 1987 (age 28) Left-handed Slow left-arm orthodox 2014 28 million (US$410,000) Overseas
Wicket-keepers
25 Sheldon Jackson India (1986-09-27) 27 September 1986 (age 29) Right-handed 2015 1.5 million (US$22,000)
Bowlers
18 Kuldeep Yadav India (1994-12-14) 14 December 1994 (age 21) Left-handed Slow left-arm chinaman 2014 4 million (US$59,000)
19 Umesh Yadav India (1987-10-25) 25 October 1987 (age 28) Right-handed Right-arm fast 2014 26 million (US$380,000)
21 Piyush Chawla India (1988-12-24) 24 December 1988 (age 27) Left-handed Right-arm leg break 2014 42.5 million (US$630,000)
Jaydev Unadkat India (1992-10-18) 18 October 1992 (age 23) Right-handed Left-arm fast medium 2016 16 million (US$240,000)
31 Brad Hogg Australia (1971-02-06) 6 February 1971 (age 45) Left-handed Slow left-arm chinaman 2015 5 million (US$74,000) Overseas
65 Morne Morkel South Africa (1984-10-06) 6 October 1984 (age 31) Left-handed Right-arm fast 2014 28 million (US$410,000) Overseas
74 Sunil Narine Trinidad and Tobago (1988-05-26) 26 May 1988 (age 27) Left-handed Right-arm off break 2014 80 million (US$1.2 million) Overseas

Administration and support staff[edit]

(l-r) Shahrukh Khan, Juhi Chawla and Jay Mehta, co-owners of KKR in 2012.
Head coaches

Statistics[edit]

Overall results[edit]

IPL Summary of results
Year Played Wins Losses Tied NR Win % Position
2008 14 6 7 0 1 46.16 6/8
2009 14 3 9 1 1 23.07 8/8
2010 14 7 7 0 0 50.00 6/8
2011 15 8 7 0 0 53.33 4/10
2012 18 12 5 0 1 70.58 1/9
2013 16 6 10 0 0 37.50 7/9
2014 16 11 4 1 0 68.75 1/8
2015 14 7 6 0 1 53.84 5/8
Total 121 60 55 2 4 51.28
  • Abandoned matches are counted as NR (no result)
  • Win or Loss by Super Over or Boundary Count are counted as Ties

Result summary[edit]

Opposition Span Mat Won Lost Tied Win %
India Chennai Super Kings 2008–2015 18 7 11 0 38.88
India Delhi Daredevils 2008–2015 16 9 7 0 56.25
India Kings XI Punjab 2008–2015 17 11 6 0 64.70
India Mumbai Indians 2008–2015 16 5 11 0 31.25
India Rajasthan Royals 2008–2015 15 6 7 2 46.66
India Royal Challengers Bangalore 2008–2015 17 9 8 0 52.94
India Sunrisers Hyderabad 2013-2015 6 4 2 0 66.66
India Deccan Chargers 2008–2012 9 7 2 0 77.77
India Kochi Tuskers Kerala 2011 2 0 2 0 0.00
India Pune Warriors India 2011–2013 5 4 1 0 80.00
Teams now defunct

Overall Results in CLT20[edit]

Main article: Champions League T20
Year Matches Wins Losses No Result Win % Summary
2011 6 3 3 0 50.00 5/10 (13)
2012 4 1 2 1 33.33 6/10 (14)
2014 6 5 1 0 83.33 2/10 (14)
Total 16 9 6 1 60.00
Result summary in Champions League
Opposition Span Mat Won Lost Tied NR Win %
New Zealand Auckland Aces 2011–2012 2 1 1 0 0 50.00
South Africa Chevrolet Warriors 2011–2011 1 1 0 0 0 100.00
India Delhi Daredevils 2012–2012 1 0 1 0 0 0.00
Australia Perth Scorchers 2012–2014 2 1 0 0 1 100.00
India Royal Challengers Bangalore 2011–2011 1 1 0 0 0 100.00
England Somerset Sabres 2011–2011 2 0 2 0 0 0.00
Australia South Australia Redbacks 2011–2011 1 0 1 0 0 0.00
South Africa Nashua Titans 2012–2012 1 1 0 0 0 100.00
India Chennai Super Kings 2014-2014 2 1 1 0 0 50.00
South Africa Dolphins 2014-2014 1 1 0 0 0 100.00
Australia Hobart Hurricanes 2014-2014 1 1 0 0 0 100.00
Pakistan Lahore Lions 2014-2014 1 1 0 0 0 100.00
No longer plays T20 cricket.


References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.iplt20.com/venues/2/eden-gardens
  2. ^ "IPL 2014 Venues". India Today. 11 April 2014. 
  3. ^ a b c "KKR beats CSK in brand race". Business Standard. Retrieved 15 April 2015. 
  4. ^ "Kolkata Knight Riders win IPL 5, beat Chennai Super Kings". Retrieved 13 October 2012. 
  5. ^ "Records / Twenty20 matches / Team records / Most consecutive wins". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 2 October 2014. 
  6. ^ "Kolkata Knight Riders / Records / Twenty20 matches / Most runs". Stats. cricinfo.com. Retrieved 30 May 2012. 
  7. ^ "Kolkata Knight Riders / Records / Twenty20 matches / Most wickets". Retrieved 30 May 2012. 
  8. ^ "Everything you wanted to know about the Indian Premier League". Cricinfo. Retrieved 20 February 2008. 
  9. ^ "Shah Rukh Khan's Kolkata IPL team to be called Night Riders or Knight Riders". Cricinfo. 9 February 2008. 
  10. ^ Roy, S.K. & Chakraborti, R (September 23, 2013). "Chapter 6: Getting There". In Mutum, Dilip. Marketing Cases from Emerging Markets. Springer Science and Business Media. p. 70. ISBN 9783642368615. 
  11. ^ http://www.espncricinfo.com/caribbean-premier-league-2015/content/story/885765.html
  12. ^ "Kolkata Knight Riders unveil new look, new logo". NDTV. 14 February 2012. Retrieved 14 February 2012. 
  13. ^ a b c d "King Khan launches Kolkata Knight Riders". Yahoo. 11 March 2008. Archived from the original on 16 March 2008. Retrieved 11 March 2008. 
  14. ^ "Kolkata Knightriders launched amidst gloom". Hindustan Times. 11 March 2008. Retrieved 11 March 2008. 
  15. ^ "No new videos for IPL teams!". Oneindia.in. 24 February 2010. Retrieved 17 April 2012. 
  16. ^ Eden Gardens | India | Cricket Grounds | ESPN Cricinfo. Content-ind. cricinfo.com. Retrieved 4 September 2011.
  17. ^ "Kolkata's Eden Gardens stadium gets a new look for Cricket World Cup 2011.". World Interior Design Network. Retrieved 10 June 2010. 
  18. ^ "Nokia renews contract with Kolkata Knight Riders for IPL 4". Economic Times. 1 April 2011. Retrieved 17 April 2012. 
  19. ^ "Reebok offers IPL merchandise". Indianretailer.com. 16 April 2012. Retrieved 17 April 2012. 
  20. ^ "Official website". 
  21. ^ "Kolkata Knight Riders Sq­". Cricinfo. 26 April 2008. Retrieved 28 April 2008. 
  22. ^ "Hodge joins IPL for five weeks". Cricinfo. 26 April 2008. Retrieved 28 April 2008. 
  23. ^ "KKR send back Chopra, Bangar". Indian Express. 27 April 2009. Retrieved 17 April 2012. 
  24. ^ a b c "Kolkata Knight Riders bank on Gambhir". The Times of India. 9 April 2011. Retrieved 25 August 2011. 
  25. ^ "KKR sign four domestic players for IPL-5 : Cricketnext". Cricketnext.in.com. 1 March 2012. Retrieved 26 May 2012. 
  26. ^ [1]
  27. ^ "B-school boy gets back to the game". The Economic Times. Retrieved 12 April 2015. 
  28. ^ "Shahrukh Khan's 'Red Chillies' appoints Venky Mysore as CEO". The Economic Times. Retrieved 12 April 2015. 
  29. ^ "KKR appoint Venky Mysore as CEO". Mumbai. 24 September 2010. Retrieved 5 January 2011. 
  30. ^ "Data Cruncher: AR Srikkanth, Video Analyst, Kolkata Knight Riders". The Economic Times. Retrieved 12 April 2015. 
  31. ^ "Dav Whatmore profile". Retrieved 31 May 2012. 
  32. ^ Kallis appointed Knight Riders head coach

External links[edit]