LU (biscuits)

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Founded1846; 174 years ago (1846)
FounderJean-Romain Lefèvre
Pauline Utile
Louis Lefèvre-Utile
United States[1]
Area served
ParentMondelēz International
WebsiteOfficial website

Lefèvre Utile, better known worldwide by the initials LU, is a manufacturer brand of French biscuits, emblematic of the city of Nantes. The brand is now part of US confectionery company Mondelēz International since 2012, after splitting of its previous owner Kraft Foods,[2] which acquired it as part of its acquisition from Groupe Danone in 2007.[3] The Petit-Beurre biscuillt remains the flagship product alongside the Boudoir, Champagne, Petit four, Prince (FR), Pim's, Paille d'Or, etc.


Lefèvre-Utile was founded in Nantes, France, in1846 by Jean-Romain Lefèvre.[2][4] Originally he sold biscuits from the English factory Huntley & Palmers and then he began his own production. The name LU comes from Lefèvre and his business partner and wife, Pauline-Isabelle Utile.[5] Their initials were first utilized by Alfons Mucha for an 1897 calendar ad for the Lefèvre-Utile Biscuit Co. That same year the company hired Firmin Bouisset to create a poster ad. Bouisset, already noted for his work for the Menier Chocolate company, created Petit Écolier ("the Little Schoolboy") which incorporated the LU initials. Bouisset's poster was used extensively and the image was embossed on the company's Petit Beurre line of biscuits. Within a few years, the success of the logo resulted in the company becoming known as LU.[6]

The founder's son, Louis Lefèvre-Utile, took over the company and eventually it was acquired by Générale Biscuit S.A., which in turn was sold to Groupe Danone in 1986. Although an international brand today, LU products are primarily distributed in Western Europe, and in 2005 represented nearly half of the sales for Danone's biscuits and cereal division.[6]

In July 2007, LU was sold to Kraft Foods (now Mondelez International).[7][3]

LU crackers are now used in a Milka chocolate bar, which has the original milka chocolate with mini TUC crackers on top of it and on the reverse side.


See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Be careful what you boycott, some brands are Pakistani: traders | SAMAA". Samaa TV. 3 November 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Memorabilia of iconic French brand LU sold at auction". The Connexion. Retrieved 2020-11-11.
  3. ^ a b "Is France's famous LU Petit Beurre biscuit under threat?". The Local. Retrieved 2020-11-11.
  4. ^ "40 photos d'entreprises et marques célèbres à leur création". 2020-11-05. Retrieved 2020-11-11.
  5. ^ "Comment LU est devenue cette célébrissime marque de biscuits". 20 minutes (France) (in French). Retrieved 2020-11-11.
  6. ^ a b "Les biscuits LU - Le bon par le beau -". Hérodote. Retrieved 2020-11-11.
  7. ^ "US: Kraft completes Danone biscuit purchase". 2007-11-30. Retrieved 2020-11-02.

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