List of Italian inventions

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Italy has been the source of many significant inventions. The following inventions and discoveries were made by people that lived in the geographical region of Italy or were made by Italians.

An alphabetical list of Italian inventions[edit]

A[edit]

  • Amici roof prism invented by Giovan Battista Amici[1]
  • Amici prism invented by Giovan Battista Amici[1]
  • Anatomical theatre
  • Anemometer developed by Leon Battista Alberti in 1450.[2]
  • Automatic rifle the world’s first automatic rifle was the Italian Cei-Rigotti
  • Arduino is an open source computer hardware and software company, project, and user community that designs and manufactures single-board microcontrollers and microcontroller kits for building digital devices and interactive objects that can sense and control objects in the physical world. It is now becoming an essential component for building AI Robots. It was created in 2003.

B[edit]

C[edit]

D[edit]

E[edit]

F[edit]

G[edit]

  • Galleon invented in the early 16th century by the Venetians and later spread to Iberian Peninsula.[30]
  • Giro

H[edit]

[33]

I[edit]

J[edit]

L[edit]

  • LARES, a satellite developed in Italy and launched in 2012
  • Latin alphabet, derived from the Greek alphabet; became the foundation of many languages worldwide
  • Lazaret (quarantine station), the first was founded by the Republic of Venice in 1403, on a small island in the Venetian lagoon
  • Liposuction, medical procedure invented by Dr Giorgio Fischer in 1974

M[edit]

N[edit]

O[edit]

P[edit]

Q[edit]

R[edit]

S[edit]

  • San Marco 1 Italy was the third country, after the Soviet Union and the United States to successfully launch a satellite, in 1964
  • Science academy The first scientific society was the Academia Secretorum Naturae founded in Naples in 1560 by the polymath Giambattista della Porta[49]
  • Shopping Center The earliest example of public shopping mall was the Trajan's Market in Ancient Rome built around 100-110 AD by Apollodorus of Damascus.
  • Stem cells as vectors for Gene Therapy: In 1992 Doctor Claudio Bordignon working at the Vita-Salute San Raffaele University, Milan, Italy performed the first procedure of gene therapy using hematopoietic stem cells as vectors to deliver genes intended to correct hereditary diseases[50]
  • Star fort It was first seen in the mid-15th century in Italy
  • Stiletto, a type of narrow dagger which appeared in the Middle Ages
  • Stock Exchange the first stock exchange was created by Northern Italian Merchants in Bruges, Belgium in 1309 in an inn called "Huis ter Beurze" which belonged to the Ter Bourse (della Borsa) family, which were Venetian merchants who had a warehouse in Bruges and conducted transactions at the inn [51] [52]
The term bourse is derived from the 13th-century inn named "Huis ter Beurze" (center) in Bruges. From Dutch-speaking cities of the Low Countries, the term 'beurs' spread to other European states where it was corrupted into 'bourse', 'borsa', 'bolsa', 'börse', etc. In England, too, the term ‘bourse’ was used between 1550 and 1775, eventually giving way to the term ‘royal exchange’.
  • Strimvelis the first ex-vivo stem cell gene therapy to treat patients with a very rare disease called ADA-SCID (Severe Combined Immunodeficiency due to Adenosine Deaminase deficiency). The treatment was developed at San Raffaele Telethon Institute for Gene Therapy (SR-Tiget), in Milan Italy. Strimvelis was approved in Europe on May 27, 2016 for the treatment of human patients.

T[edit]

V[edit]

  • Vega (rocket) Italy had the lead in this program (65%) which produced an extremely fast vector to bring light payloads into orbit. First Launch was in 2012.
  • Vespa On 23 April 1946, at 12 o'clock in the central office for inventions, models and makes of the Ministry of Industry and Commerce in Florence, Piaggio e C. S.p.A. took out a patent for a "motorcycle of a rational complexity of organs and elements combined with a frame with mudguards and a casing covering the whole mechanical part". This design became one of the most popular motoscooters worldwide and is still in production.
  • Vibram - Vitale Bramani is credited with inventing the first rubber lug soles for shoes in 1937
  • Vibram FiveFingers a type of shoe invented in 1999 by Robert Fliri.
  • Violin, four stringed, the name of the inventor is unknown, but the instrument appeared in renaissance Italy.

W[edit]

  • Watermark This medieval innovation was first introduced in Fabriano, Italy, in 1282.
  • Welfare The earliest form of welfare was the lex frumentaria instituted by the tribune Gaius Gracchus dating back to 122 B.C., a law that ordered Rome’s government to supply its citizens with allotments of cheaply priced grain.
  • Galileo Hydrostatic Weighing Scale it is a weight measuring device that uses hydraulic counterforce of a liquid, usually water or oil, to determine weight of an object under Archimedes' principle. Nowadays is mainly used in hydraulic types of weighbridges. Its functioning principles were first described by Galileo Galilei in 1586.

Z[edit]

Other Significant Italian Innovations[edit]

Italian Military Innovations[edit]

Italian contributions to music[edit]


External links[edit]

References[edit]

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