List of Italian inventions

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Italy has been the source of many significant inventions. The following inventions and discoveries were made by people that lived in the geographical region of Italy or were made by Italians.

An alphabetical list of Italian inventions[edit]

A[edit]

B[edit]

C[edit]

D[edit]

E[edit]

F[edit]

G[edit]

  • Galleon invented in the early 16th century by the Venetians and later spread to Iberian Peninsula.[31]
  • Giro

H[edit]

[34]

I[edit]

J[edit]

L[edit]

  • LARES (satellite) a satellite developed in Italy and launched in 2012.
  • Latin alphabet derived from the Greek alphabets became the foundation of many languages worldwide.
  • Lazaret (quarantine station) the first was founded by the Republic of Venice in 1403, on a small island in the Venetian lagoon.
  • Liposuction, medical procedure invented by Dr Giorgio Fischer in 1974.

M[edit]

N[edit]

O[edit]

P[edit]

Q[edit]

R[edit]

S[edit]

T[edit]

V[edit]

  • Vespa On 23 April 1946, at 12 o'clock in the central office for inventions, models and makes of the Ministry of Industry and Commerce in Florence, Piaggio e C. S.p.A. took out a patent for a "motorcycle of a rational complexity of organs and elements combined with a frame with mudguards and a casing covering the whole mechanical part". This design became one of the most popular motoscooters worldwide and is still in production.
  • Vibram - Vitale Bramani is credited with inventing the first rubber lug soles for shoes in 1937
  • Vibram FiveFingers a type of shoe invented in 1999 by Robert Fliri.
  • Violin, four stringed, the name of the inventor is unknown, but the instrument appeared in renaissance Italy.

W[edit]

  • Watermark This medieval innovation was first introduced in Fabriano, Italy, in 1282.
  • Welfare The earliest form of welfare was the lex frumentaria instituted by the tribune Gaius Gracchus dating back to 122 B.C., a law that ordered Rome’s government to supply its citizens with allotments of cheaply priced grain.
  • Galileo Hydrostatic Weighing Scale it is a weight measuring device that uses hydraulic counterforce of a liquid, usually water or oil, to determine weight of an object under Archimedes' principle. Nowadays is mainly used in hydraulic types of weighbridges. Its functioning principles were first described by Galileo Galilei in 1586.

Z[edit]

Other Significant Italian Innovations[edit]

Italian Military Innovations[edit]

Italian contributions to music[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

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  19. ^ "Desk-Top Size Computer Is Being Sold by Olivetti For First Time in US". Wall Street Journal. October 15, 1965. 
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  29. ^ Pendergrast, Mark (2001) [1999]. Uncommon Grounds: The History of Coffee and How It Transformed Our World. London: Texere. p. 218. ISBN 1-58799-088-1.
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  32. ^ [2] Treccani, L'Enciclopedia Italiana, Erbario.
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  35. ^ Alternating currents of electricity: their generation, measurement, distribution, and application by Gisbert Kapp, William Stanley, Jr.. Johnston, 1893. Page 140. [cf., This direction has been first indicated by Professor Galileo Ferraris, of Turin, some six years ago. Quite independent of Ferraris, the same discovery was also made by Nikola Tesla, of New York; and since the practical importance of the discovery has been recognized, quite a host of original discoverers have come forward, each claiming to be the first.]
  36. ^ Larned, J. N., & Reiley, A. C. (1901). History for ready reference: From the best historians, biographers, and specialists; their own words in a complete system of history. Springfield, Mass: The C.A. Nichols Co.. Page 440. [cf., At about the same time [1888], Galileo Ferraris, in Italy, and Nikola Tesla, in the United States, brought out motors operating by systems of alternating currents displaced from one another in phase by definite amounts and producing what is known as the rotating magnetic field.]
  37. ^ The Electrical engineer. (1888). London: Biggs & Co. Pg., 239. [cf., "[...] new application of the alternating current in the production of rotary motion was made known almost simultaneously by two experimenters, Nikola Tesla and Galileo Ferraris, and the subject has attracted general attention from the fact that no commutator or connection of any kind with the armature was required."]
  38. ^ Galileo Ferraris, "Electromagnetic rotation with an alternating current," Electrican, Vol 36 [1885]. pg 360-75.
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