List of massacres in the Bosnian War

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The following is a list of massacres that occurred during the Bosnian War.

Incidents[edit]

Name Date Location Deaths Description
Sijekovac massacre March 1992 Sijekovac, near Bosanski Brod 20[1]-47[2]-59[3] Bosniak and Croat military units clashed with Bosnian Serb soldiers and civilians. Republika Srpska reported 47 killed, but 59 bodies were later found, including 18 children, all ethnic Serbs.[3] Helsinki Watch reported that 20 were killed in March 1992, while other bodies were killed later in the war.
Bijeljina massacre 1–2 April 1992 Bijeljina 48–78 Perpetrated by Arkan's Tigers, under the command of the Serb-controleld JNA[4]
Foča massacres[clarification needed] 7 April 1992 – January 1994 Foča 2,704 Thousands of Bosniak civilians killed by Serb military, police and paramilitary forces. In a 1997 judgement against Novislav Đajić, the Bavarian Appeals Chamber ruled that the killings in which he was involved in June 1992 were acts of genocide.[5]
Vidovice killings 29 April 1992 Vidovice, near Orašje 7 Bosnian Serb forces kill 7 Bosnian Croats.
Laništa and Ulice killings 8 May 1992 Laništa and Ulice, near Brčko 32 Serb forces kill 32 Bosnian Croats.
Donja Vrela killings 11-14 May 1992 Donja Vrela, near Bosanski Brod 15 Serb forces kill 15 Bosnian Croat civilians.
Bradina killings 25–27 May 1992 Bradina 48 Bosniak and Croat forces kill 48 Serb civilians during a joint offensive on the village of Bradina.[6]
Čemerno killings 10 June 1992 Čemerno, Ilijaš 29–32 ARBiH kill 21 captured VRS soldiers and 9 Serb civilians.
Višegrad massacres[clarification needed] 1992 Višegrad 3,000 Mass murder of 1,000-3,000 Bosniaks during the ethnic cleansing of eastern Bosnia by Serb police and military forces.
Prijedor ethnic cleansing[clarification needed] 1992 Prijedor 3,000–4,000[7] Bosnian Serb political and military campaign of ethnic cleansing in the Prijedor area, including massacres during offensives, and killings of prisoners.
Zvornik massacre[clarification needed] 1992-1995 Zvornik 700-900 Mass murder and violence committed against Bosniaks and other non-Serb civilians by Serb paramilitary groups.
Snagovo massacre 29 April 1992 Snagovo 36 Serb forces capture and kill 36 Bosniak civilians who were hiding in the woods. The corpses were burned in an effort to conceal the crime.
Glogova massacre 9 May 1992 Glogova, Bratunac 64 Serb forces kill 64 Bosniak civilians.
Ahatovići massacre 14 June 1992 Ahatovići 47 Bosnian Serb forces kill 47 captured Bosniak soldiers.
Muštanica killings 24 July 1992 Muštanica, near Sanski Most 13 13 Bosnian Croats killed by Bosnian Serb forces.
Stara Rijeka killings 24 July 1992 Stara Rijeka, near Sanski Most 13 Bosnian Serb forces kill 13 Bosnian Croats.
Barimo massacre 2 August 1992 Barimo 26 Serb forces raze village of Barimo; 26 Bosniaks killed.
Sjeverin massacre 22 October 1992 Višegrad 16 16 Bosniak citizens of Serbia from the village of Sjeverin abducted from a Serbian bus in the village of Mioče, on Bosnian territory. The abductees were taken to the Vilina Vlas hotel in Višegrad where they were tortured before being taken to the Drina River and executed.
Kravica attack (1993) 7 January 1993 Kravica 49 Army of Bosnia and Herzegovina (ARBiH) attacked Kravica on Orthodox Christmas, killing as many as 49 Bosnian Serb civilians. 80 others were injured and property was destroyed on a large scale.
Duša massacre 15 January 1993 Duša near Gornji Vakuf 10 Croatian Defence Council (HVO) artillery bombardment kills 10 Bosniak civilians.[8]
Štrpci massacre 27 February 1993 Priboj 19 Massacre of 19 non-Serbs (18 Bosniaks, one Croat) taken from a Belgrade-Bar train at Štrpci station near Višegrad, on Bosnian territory.
Srebrenica shelling 12 April 1993 Srebrenica 56 VRS shells Srebrenica, with 56 dead, including children, and 73 seriously wounded.[9]
Trusina massacre 16 April 1993 Trusina 22 ARBiH kills 22 Bosnian Croats.
Ahmići massacre 16 April 1993 Ahmići 116 Bosnian Croats kill 116 Bosniak civilians.[10]
Doljani and Sovići killings 17 April 1993 Doljani and Sovići n/a Bosnian Croat forces kill a number of Bosniaks in the villages of Doljani and Sovići.[11]
Miletići killings 24 April 1993 Travnik 5 ARBiH kills 5 Croats.[citation needed]
Maljine killings 8 June 1993 Maljine, near Travnik 31 ARBiH kills 31 Croats.
Čukle killings 8 June 1993 Čukle, near Travnik 19 ARBiH kills 19 Croats.
Doljani killings (July 1993) 28 July 1993 Doljani, near Jablanica 29 Bosniak forces kill 29 Bosnian Croats.
Mokronoge massacre 10 August 1993 Mokronoge, near Tomislavgrad 9 Bosnian Croats kill 9 Bosniaks in Mokronoge.[12][13]
Grabovica massacre 8 September 1993 Grabovica 13 ARBiH kills 13 Bosnian Croat civilians.[14]
Uzdol massacre 14 September 1993 Uzdol 60 ARBiH kills 60 Croats.
Bobaši killings 18 September 1993 Bobaši, near Vitez 15 ARBiH kills 15 Croats.
Stupni Do massacre 23 October 1993 Stupni Do 37 Croatian Defence Council (HVO) kills 37 Bosniak civilians.[15]
Križančevo selo massacre 22 December 1993 Vitez 74 ARBiH kills 74 Croats
Buhine Kuće massacre 9 January 1994 Vitez 26 ARBiH kills 26 Croats
Tuzla massacre 25 May 1995 Tuzla 71 VRS shell the Kapija neighbourhood, killing 71 and wounding 240 civilians.
Srebrenica massacre 11–13 July 1995 Srebrenica 8,373 The Preliminary List of People Missing or Killed in Srebrenica compiled by the Bosnian Federal Commission of Missing Persons contains 8,373 names.[16] While the overwhelming majority of them were men, some 500 were under 18,[17] and victims include several dozen women and girls.[18][19]

As of July 2011, 6,598 victims have been identified through DNA analysis of body parts recovered from mass graves[20] and 5,138 victims have been buried at the Memorial Centre of Potočari.[21][22]

References[edit]

  1. ^ War crimes in Bosnia-Hercegovina: a Helsinki Watch Report (Volume 1). Human Rights Watch. 1992. p. 45. ISBN 9781564320834. 
  2. ^ "Posavljaci Josipoviću - Ne idite u Bosansku Posavinu, Dodik će vas prevariti". Slobodna Dalmacija (in Croatian). 29 May 2010. Retrieved 10 July 2012. 
  3. ^ a b Nezavisne novine (11 August 2004). "Most victims suspected to be civilians from Vukovar". SFOR Main News Summary. NATO. Retrieved 10 July 2012. 
  4. ^ "Prosecutor v. Momčilo Krajišnik Judgement" (PDF). International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia. At least 48 civilians, most of whom were non-Serbs, had been killed by Serb paramilitaries during the Serb take-over of Bijeljina. 
  5. ^ "Prosecutor v. Radislav Krstic Judgment" (PDF). International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia. 2 August 2001. The Federal Constitutional Court of Germany, in the Nikola Jorgic case, upheld the Judgement of the Düsseldorf Supreme Court, interpreting the intent to destroy the group "in part" as including the intention to destroy a group within a limited geographical area. In a Judgement against Novislav Djajic on 23 May 1997, the Bavarian Appeals Chamber similarly found that acts of genocide were committed in June 1992 though confined within the administrative district of Foca. 
  6. ^ "Obelezena godisnjica zverskog ubijanja Srba i bacanja u jamu u Bradini". Telegraph News Agency. 25 May 2013. 
  7. ^ Trahan 2006, p. 178.
  8. ^ Tribunal (MKSJ), Bezdušan napad na selo Dušu, HAG/DEN HAAG, sense-agency.com, 19 June 2006; accessed 9 January 2017.
  9. ^ Jan Willem Honig; Norbert Both (1996). Srebrenica: record of a war crime. Penguin. p. 94. On 12 April, the situation in Srebrenica itself reached a new low, when two short intense artillery bombardments killed fifty- six people, including children, and seriously wounded seventy-three others 
  10. ^ Aida Cerkez-Robinson (15 April 2010). "Croatian president honors war victims in Bosnia". Associated Pressforeign report. London, UK: The Guardian. Retrieved 16 April 2010. 
  11. ^ ICTY - THE MOST POWERFUL MEN IN THE HERCEG BOSNA PROJECT" ON TRIAL, sense-agency.com; accessed 9 January 2016.
  12. ^ Horvat, Domagoj (7 March 1995). "The Secret of Mitigated Crimes". Feral Tribune. 
  13. ^ Lawson, Edward (1996). "Human rights violations by Bosnian Croat Forces". Encyclopedia of Human Rights. Taylor & Francis. ISBN 1-56032-362-0. 
  14. ^ ICTY - Sefer Halilović judgment - Findings on the crimes charged Paragraph 3 and 4 - RE Grabovica (Jablanica), icty.org; accessed 12 August 2015.
  15. ^ ICTY - Ivica Rajic sentencing judgement - II. FACTS - Paragraph 49
  16. ^ Potocari Memorial Center PRELIMINARY LIST of Missing Persons from Srebrenica '95 "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-04-18. Retrieved 2014-04-18. 
  17. ^ By: Danijel Toljaga and Hasan Nuhanovic: Incomplete List of Killed Children During Srebrenica Genocide Srebrenica Bilten 41, page #7 published by Women of Srebrenica
  18. ^ "Mothers of Srebrenica Appeal Heard Today", BalkanInsight.com, 28 January 2010; retrieved 29 May 2011.
  19. ^ Federal Commission for Missing Persons; "Preliminary List of Missing and Killed in Srebrenica"; 2005 [1]
  20. ^ "613 Srebrenica Victims to be Buried at a Memorial Ceremony in Potočari" page on ICMP website [2], accessed 8 June 2012
  21. ^ DNA Results of the International Commission on Missing Persons Reveal the Identity of 6,186 Srebrenica Victims
  22. ^ "So far, 6557 Srebrenica Genocide Victims DNA Identified". Sense Tribunal. 14 May 2010. Retrieved 26 October 2010. 

Sources[edit]