List of massacres in the Czech Republic
The following lists include the incidents that have occurred in the territory of the present-day Czech Republic in which the killing of more than five non-combatant people (unarmmed civilians, prisoners or prisoners of war) took place.
Massacres before World War II
|Massacre in Běchovice||June 17, 1848||Prague||7 (at least)||at least 50 injured; part of 1848's revolution|
|Massacre in Kadaň (Massaker von Kaaden)||4 March 1919||Kadaň||17||complete toll 25 (including those of about 70 injured who later died); part of 4 March's general strike in German provinces|
|Massacre in Šternberk (Massaker von Sternberg)||4 March 1919||Šternberk||15||part of 4 March's general strike in German provinces|
|Frývaldov strike (Freiwaldau strike)||25 November 1931||Dolní Lipová||8||at least 13 injured; part of Great Depression strike movement|
Massacres during World War II
The following is a list of massacres that have occurred in the territory of the present-day Czech Republic in the time of Nazi occupation, World War II and in 1945. The only exception is the biggest single-day mass murder of Czech citizens in history which was committed in Auschwitz (today in Poland) in March 1944. If not stated otherwise, the victims were of Czech ethnicity.
|17 November Raid against universities and colleges||17 November 1939||Praha||9||nine student leaders were executed, about 1500 students sent to concentration camps where 35 were executed or died later); part of German occupation|
|First Martial Law (First Heydrichiada)||28 September 1941 - 19 January 1942||Praha||247||complete toll about 1500 (including those executed and other deaths in concentration camps); victims of various ethnicity, mostly Czechs and Czech Jews; part of German occupation|
|First Martial Law (First Heydrichiada)||28 September 1941 - 19 November 1941||Brno||239||complete toll about 1000 (including those executed and other deaths in concentration camps); victims of various ethnicity, mostly Czechs and Czech Jews; part of German occupation|
|Massacre in Lidice||10 June 1942||Lidice||173||complete toll 340 (including deaths in concentration camps); part of German occupation|
|Massacre in Ležáky||24 June 1942||Ležáky||33||complete toll 44 (including deaths in concentration camps); part of German occupation|
|Liquidation of the Family Camp||8–9 March 1944||Auschwitz-Birkenau||3,792||the victims were Czech Jews; although committed outside the territory of Czech Republic, this was the biggest mass murder of Czech citizens in history; part of Holocaust|
|Massacre in Životice||6 August 1944||Životice||36||complete toll 44 (including deaths in concentration camps), mostly ethnic Poles and Czechs; part of German occupation|
|Transport of death||24 January 1945||Brandýs nad Orlicí||18||victims of various ethnicity; part of the Death marches|
|Transport of death||13–14 April 1945||Stod (Czech Republic)||241||victims of various ethnicity; part of the Death marches|
|Massacre in Jablunkov||13 April 1945||Jablunkov||12||Polish prisoners murdered by gestapo; part of German occupation|
|Transport of death||15 April 1945||Nýřany||about 100||victims of various ethnicity; part of the Death marches|
|Murder in Gästehaus||17 April 1945||Kyjov||7||complete toll 9 (including two men subsequently shot on street); part of German occupation|
|Massacre in Ploština||19 April 1945||Ploština||24||complete toll 28 (including subsequent executions); part of German occupation|
|Massacre in Zákřov||20 April 1945||Zákřov||19||part of German occupation|
|Killing in clay pit||20(?) April 1945||Mikulov||21||mass murder of Hungarian Jewish prisoners working in clay pit; part of Holocaust|
|Court-martial in Medlánky||21 April 1945||Brno-Medlánky||15||part of German occupation|
|Massacre in Prlov||23 April 1945||Prlov||19||complete toll 23 (including subsequent executions); part of German occupation|
|Massacre near Salaš||29 April 1945||Bunč||21||part of German occupation|
|Massacre near Suchý||30 April 1945||Suchý||10||part of German occupation|
|Massacre in Letovice||May (?) 1945||Letovice||19||the bodies of murdered gestapo prisoners were discovered on 15. May; part of German occupation|
|Last execution in Theresienstadt||2 May 1945||Theresienstadt||52||at the request of K.H.Frank the "most dangerous" political prisoners were murdered; most of the victims were Czech communists; part of German occupation|
|Execution in Lazce||2 May 1945||Olomouc-Lazce||23||21 participants or hostages captured during the uprising in Přerov and 2 local members of the resistance; part of German occupation|
|Execution in Fort XIII||2 May 1945||Olomouc-Nová ulice||17||captured participants of the uprising in Přerov and hostages; part of German occupation|
|Transport of death||May 3–6, 1945||Olbramovice||82||victims of various ethnicity; part of the Death marches|
|Death march||May 4–6, 1945||Podbořany-Kaštice||268||complete toll cca 600 (including those killed or died on the way from Johanngeorgenstadt to Lovosice); victims of various ethnicity; part of the Death marches|
|Massacre in Javoříčko||5 May 1945||Javoříčko||38||part of German occupation|
|Brandýs Tragedy||5 May 1945||Brandýs nad Orlicí||15||part of German occupation|
|Death march||6 May 1945||Volary||95||complete toll cca 1000 (including those killed or died on the way from Helmbrecht to Volary); victims of various ethnicity, mostly Hungarian Jews; part of the Death marches|
|Massacre in Velké Meziříčí||6 May 1945||Velké Meziříčí||58||complete toll 60 (including subsequent executions); part of German occupation|
|Massacre in Leskovice||6 May 1945||Leskovice||18||complete toll 26 (including 8 insurgents executed or killed in fight previous day); the SS-commander responsible for the massacre of civilians was Walter Hauck; part of German occupation|
|Massacre in Prague, Úsobská street||6 May 1945||Prague||51||part of Prague uprising|
|Massacre in Psáry||6 May 1945||Psáry||13||part of Prague uprising|
|Kolín massacre||7 May 1945||Kolín||16||part of German occupation|
|Massacre in Třešť||7 May 1945||Třešť||34||part of German occupation|
|Massacre in Velké Popovice||7 May 1945||Velké Popovice||29||part of German occupation|
|Massacre in Lahovice||7 May 1945||Prague-Lahovice||21||part of Prague uprising|
|Massacre in Masarykovo nádraží||8 May 1945||Prague||53||part of Prague uprising|
|Massacre in Trhová Kamenice||8 May 1945||Trhová Kamenice||13||part of German occupation|
|Malín tragedy||8 May 1945||Kutná Hora-Malín||11||part of German occupation|
|Massacre of Germans in Bořislavka||9 May 1945||Prague-Bořislavka||41||part of Prague uprising, unlike previous massacres in Prague, this time the victims were Germans|
|Burning of Lejčkov||9 May 1945||Dolní Hořice-Lejčkov||24||part of German occupation; this massacre was committed by German troops after the German surrender|
|Massacre in Běloves||9 May 1945||Náchod||9||part of German occupation; this massacre was committed by Waffen-SS whole day after the German surrender came into force|
|Massacre in Lanškroun||May 17–21, 1945||Lanškroun||at least 51||the victims were Germans; part of the expulsion of Germans|
|Massacre in Německý Šicndorf||19 May 1945||Dobronín||12-15||the victims were Germans; part of the expulsion of Germans|
|Massacre in Postoloprty||25 May – 7 June 1945||Postoloprty||at least 730||the victims were Germans; part of the expulsion of Germans; in 1947 in total 763 bodies were found in Postoloprty, but some of the mass graves were attributed to the Death march from the end of the war|
|Massacre in Podbořany||7 June 1945||Podbořany||68||the victims were Germans; part of the expulsion of Germans|
|Massacre in Švédské Šance||June 18–19, 1945||Přerov||265||mostly ethnic Germans and Slovaks; part of the expulsion of Germans|
|Tragedy at Buková hora||30 June 1945||Teplice nad Metují||23||the victims were Germans; part of the expulsion of Germans; women, children and old men were marched to the border to be expelled; as Polish authorities refused entry, the Germans were killed|
|Ústí massacre||31 July 1945||Ústí nad Labem||43 - 8000||the victims were Germans; part of the expulsion of Germans; the official Czechoslovak investigation confirmed 43 killed people, but the real number is estimated at least 100; the Sudeten German organisations are traditionally claimig "thousands" of victims|
Massacres after World War II
The following is a list of massacres that have occurred in the territory of the present-day Czech Republic after 1945:
|Jeseník tragedy||27 February 1967||Jeseník||8||mentally ill Josef Svoboda killed with an ax his whole family and then committed suicide|
|Fight for radio station||21 August 1968||Praha-Vinohrady||9 (16)||during the attempt of unarmed demonstrators to defend the radio building against Soviet invadors 4 men were shot dead and 5 men were killed by Soviet military truck; the same day at the same place 4 men died due to the explosion of the Soviet tank (which was set ablaze by demonstrators) and other 3 people died after the fire spread to surrounding buildings; in other parts of Prague, 2 people were shot dead and 2 people were killed by Soviet tanks; part of Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia|
|Occupation of Liberec||21 August 1968||Liberec||9||in the early hours of Soviet invasion 4 people were shot dead in the main square and 24 injured (2 of them died later); few hours later one Soviet tank struck the building at the square causing the immediate death of 2 people and injured 9 (1 died later); part of Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia|
|Truck attack at the tram stop||10 July 1973||Praha||8||truck-murderer Olga Hepnarová killed 3 people immediately and injured 17 (5 died later).|
|Uherský Brod shooting||24 February 2015||Uherský Brod||9||mentally ill Zdeněk Kovář shot the guests in restaurant and then committed suicide|
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