Malaysia Airlines Flight 370

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Malaysia Airlines Flight 370
Boeing 777-200ER Malaysia AL (MAS) 9M-MRO - MSN 28420 404 (9272090094).jpg
The aircraft (9M-MRO) at Charles de Gaulle Airport in 2011
Missing aircraft
Date8 March 2014 (2014-03-08)
SummaryMissing
Since 02:40 MST (UTC+8)
on 8 March 2014.
Aircraft
Aircraft typeBoeing 777-200ER
OperatorMalaysia Airlines
Registration9M-MRO
Flight originKuala Lumpur International Airport
DestinationBeijing Capital International Airport
Passengers227
Crew12

Malaysia Airlines Flight 370' (MH370/MAS370) – also known as China Southern Airlines Flight 748 (CZ748) under codeshare – is a scheduled flight from Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, to Beijing, China. On 8 March 2014, the Boeing 777 operating the flight disappeared en route with 227 passengers and 12 crew members on board. The cause remains unknown.

The aircraft departed Kuala Lumpur for the scheduled six-hour flight at 00:41 on 8 March local time (UTC+8).[a] Air Traffic Control lost contact with the aircraft at about 01:22 while it was over the Gulf of Thailand, and reported it missing at 02:40.[1][2] An ongoing joint search-and-rescue effort, focusing on the Gulf of Thailand, Straits of Malacca, and the South China Sea, is being conducted by co-operating agencies of numerous national governments.[3][4][5]

Two passengers of unknown nationality boarded the aircraft using stolen passports (one Italian and one Austrian).[6] The head of Malaysia's Civil Aviation Authority said officials had not ruled out hijacking as a cause of the aircraft's disappearance, adding that all reported sightings of debris in the seas south of Vietnam were unconfirmed as to their being from the missing aircraft.[7] The stolen passports are not necessarily related to the disappearance of the aircraft; a European diplomat in Kuala Lumpur has cited illegal immigration as an explanation for passengers using false identities.[8]

Incident

Origin and destination airports for MH370 and last known position over the Gulf of Thailand

The flight departed from Kuala Lumpur International Airport on 8 March at 00:41 local time (7 March, 16:41 UTC) and was scheduled to land at Beijing Capital International Airport at 06:30 (7 March, 22:30 UTC). The aircraft ceased all communications and the transponder signal was lost[9] just before it was to be passed off to the Ho Chi Minh Area Control Center.[1][2][10] The aircraft's last known position before disappearing from ATC radar was 6°55′15″N 103°34′43″E / 6.92083°N 103.57861°E / 6.92083; 103.57861.[11]

Malaysia Airlines issued a media statement at 07:24 confirming that contact had been lost at 02:40[12] and that search and rescue operations had begun.[2] The plane relayed no distress signal, indications of bad weather, or technical problems before vanishing from radar screens.[13] When radar contact with the aircraft was lost, it was carrying enough fuel for about an additional ​7 12 hours of flying time.[14] Relevant authorities in China and Thailand informed their Malaysian counterparts that the aircraft had not entered their airspace.[15]

The Aviation Herald website reported that Subang Air Traffic Control lost radar and radio contact with the aircraft at 01:22 and officially advised Malaysia Airlines at 02:40 that the aircraft was missing.[1] However, a Malaysia Airlines spokesperson said that the last conversation between the flight crew and air traffic control in Malaysia had been around 01:30, and stated that the plane had not disappeared from air traffic control systems in Subang until 02:40, which is long enough for the plane to have been flying across Vietnam.[16] ATC requested another Malaysia Airlines flight, this one en route to Japan and about half an hour ahead of MH370, to try to contact the unresponsive 777. The captain reported establishing contact with the crew of MH370 just after 01:30, but could only hear "mumbling".[17]

Search

Location

According to Admiral Ngo Van Phat of the Vietnamese Navy, military radar lost the plane "some 153 nautical miles (300 km)" south of Thổ Chu in the Gulf of Thailand.[5][18] The Vietnamese government initially reported that the aircraft had crashed at sea in the Gulf of Thailand, although the airline denied this claim,[19] and the claim about the known location of the aircraft by the Vietnamese Navy was rejected by the Malaysian Minister of Transport, Hishammuddin Hussein.[20][21] The Vietnamese Navy later clarified that the admiral had actually been referring to the location where contact was last made, rather than indicating a crash site.[1]

The search for the missing jetliner located oil slicks in the Gulf of Thailand on 8 March, about 50 nautical miles (93 km) south of Vietnam's Thổ Chu Island.[22] During the search, the Vietnamese Navy reported spotting at least one oil slick, between 10 and 20 km (6–12 mi) long, which was believed to be that of the missing aircraft.[23][24] Vietnamese Civil Aviation Department aircraft also reported they spotted two large oil slicks that authorities suspect are from the MAS jetliner. The slicks, each between 10 and 15 km (6–9 mi) long, and 500 metres (550 yd) apart, were spotted 140 nautical miles (260 km; 160 mi) south of Thổ Chu Island off southern Vietnam, and were consistent with the kind that would be caused by fuel from a crashed jetliner.[25] Another report that an oil leak about 80 kilometres (50 mi) long was clearly seen from a Vietnamese search and rescue AN-26 aircraft at 08:35 on 9 March, approximately 150 kilometres (93 mi) away from Cape Cà Mau.[26] Officials investigated the possibility of mid-air disintegration.[27] However, after tests on 10 March, it was found that oil samples from the slicks were not from an aircraft.[28][29]

Debris was also reportedly found on 9 March about 80 kilometres (50 mi) south of Thổ Chu Island. The debris, which was claimed to include a composite inner door and a piece of the aircraft's tail, was located at a point along the planned flight path of MH370.[30][31][32] The following day, however, Malaysia's Department of Civil Aviation reported these claims were untrue.[33]

The Royal Thai Navy shifted its focus in the search away from the Gulf of Thailand and the South China Sea due to the request of its Malaysian counterpart, which is investigating the possibility the aircraft turned around and could have gone down in the Andaman Sea, near Thailand's border.[34] The chief of the Royal Malaysian Air Force, Rodzali Daud, claimed that military recordings of radar signals did not exclude the possibility of the aircraft turning back on its flight path.[35][36] The search radius has been increased from the original 50 nautical miles from its last known position to 100 nautical miles, and the area now covers the seas to the Straits of Malacca along the west coast of the Malay Peninsula; with both waters to the east of Malaysia in the South China Sea, and in the Straits of Malacca along Malaysia's west coast, are being searched.[37][38][39] The Indonesian Navy has focused the search around the island of Penang in the Straits of Malacca,[40] while the Royal New Zealand Air Force maritime surveillance aircraft were heading to the Butterworth Air Base in Penang to join the mission.[41]

Response

In response to the incident, the Malaysian government mobilised the Civil Aviation department, air force, navy, Maritime Enforcement Agency, and requested international assistance from Integrated Area Defence System (IADS) and neighbouring states. Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam, the Philippines, China, and the United States set aside territorial disputes to mount a search and rescue mission in the region's waters.[42][43] The countries have despatched a total of 34 aircraft and 40 ships to the area.[44][38][39] The French Bureau d'Enquêtes et d'Analyses pour la Sécurité de l'Aviation Civile (BEA) and India offered their services to help with rescue and investigation.[45][46]

Malaysia
The Royal Malaysian Air Force dispatched a CASA/IPTN CN-235 transport aircraft, a Beechcraft Super King Air B200T aircraft, four Lockheed C-130 Hercules military transport aircraft, two Bombardier Global Express aircraft, two Agusta A109 helicopters, and four Eurocopter EC725 long-range tactical transport helicopters.[21] Six Royal Malaysian Navy vessels have also been dispatched, in addition to three Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency vessels to search the waters off its east coast in the South China Sea.[21][47][48] Malaysia Airlines has also sent a team of caregivers and volunteers dubbed GoTeam to provide assistance towards family members of the passengers.[49] Malaysia has also established a co-ordination centre at the National Disaster Control Centre (NDCC) in Pulau Meranti, Cyberjaya, to monitor the development of the situation.[50]
On 9 March, the Malaysian transport minister said that the Malaysian intelligence agencies have been activated, while counter terrorism units in all relevant countries have been informed, adding that he has met with officers from the FBI in Malaysia.[51]
Australian RAAF AP-3C Orions are participating in the search
Australia
The Australian government provided two Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) Lockheed AP-3C Orion maritime patrol aircraft to join the search and rescue operation.[52] The first RAAF P-3C long-range maritime surveillance aircraft departed for the search from Darwin on 9 March.[53]
China
Two Chinese warships, Jinggang Shan and Mianyang, were dispatched to assist in the search. Jinggang Shan has two helicopters, 30 medical personnel, ten divers, and 52 marines, as well as life-saving and underwater detection equipment.[54] On the afternoon of 9 March, another two Chinese warships, Kunlun Shan and Haikou, were dispatched to the suspected site of the missing plane.[55] On 10 March, China adjusted the operations of orbiting satellites to help in the search of the missing flight.[56]
Indonesia
The Embassy of Indonesia in Kuala Lumpur announced the country would send five ships to help Malaysian authorities in the search and rescue mission.[4] The country has deployed its first two PC-40 fast patrol vessels, the KRI Matocra and KRI Krait, as well a IPTN NC-212 maritime patrol aircraft.[57] Currently, Indonesia has deployed one corvette, and four rapid patrol vessels, which was on patrol around the island of Penang in the Straits of Malacca.[40]
New Zealand
The New Zealand Government has deployed a Royal New Zealand Air Force (RNZAF) P-3K2 Orion to help with the search. The aircraft departed Auckland on 10 March, and is based at Butterworth Air Base in Penang along with the two Australian P-3 aircraft.[41]
Philippines
The Philippine AFP Western Command has sent BRP Gregorio del Pilar, BRP Emilio Jacinto, BRP Apolinario Mabini and a search-and-rescue aircraft to the South China Sea or West Philippine Sea to help in the search efforts.[18][58]
RSS Steadfast is participating in the search.
Singapore
Within a day of the 777 going missing the Republic of Singapore Air Force assisted with a Lockheed C-130 Hercules.[59][60] Subsequently, two other C-130 Hercules were dispatched, with the Republic of Singapore Navy sending its Formidable-class frigate RSS Steadfast, with a Sikorsky S-70B Naval helicopter on board; and a submarine rescue ship (MV Swift Rescue) with divers on board; as well as the Victory-class corvette RSS Vigour.[61]
Thailand
The Royal Thai Navy has also prepared to send three vessels and one aircraft to join the search and rescue mission.[62][63] The Royal Thai Navy has dispatched a Super Lynx helicopter and a patrol ship to the Andaman Sea, west of Thailand, to help in the search. It has also put two other ships on standby in the Gulf of Thailand, awaiting a request for assistance from Malaysia.[64]
USS Pinckney was deployed to the southern coast of Vietnam to assist in the search.
United States
The United States sent a P-3C Orion aircraft from Kadena Air Base in Okinawa, Japan, and diverted a guided missile destroyer USS Pinckney carrying two Sikorsky MH-60R Seahawk helicopters which can be equipped for search and rescue.[65][66] USNS John Ericsson is en route to the scene to provide fuel and logistics replenishment.[65] The US also dispatched a National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) team in advance, ready to start work immediately should the aircraft wreckage be discovered.[67] The US Navy also ordered a second destroyer, the USS Kidd, to the scene.[68][69]
The Vietnam Coast Guard CASA C-212-400
Vietnam
The Vietnamese participated with three Antonov An-26s, two CASA C-212, one DHC-6 Twin Otter, two Mil Mi-171 and seven ships from the Navy (HQ-954, HQ-627), Coast Guard (CSB-2001, CSB-2003), Fisheries Control (KN-774) and Maritime Search & Rescue Coordination Centre (SAR 413).[citation needed]

Aircraft

The Boeing 777 is generally regarded by aviation experts as having an "almost flawless" safety record,[70] one of the best of any commercial aircraft.[71] Since its first commercial flight in June 1995, there have only been two previous serious accidents. In January 2008, 47 passengers were injured when ice crystals in the fuel system of British Airways Flight 38 caused it to lose power and crash-land just short of the runway at London Heathrow Airport. In July 2013, Asiana Airlines Flight 214 crash-landed on final approach to San Francisco International Airport. Three passengers died and 181 were injured as a result of that accident.[72] Both aircraft were damaged beyond repair.[73]

The cockpit of 9M-MRO, the missing aircraft, in 2004

The aircraft was a Boeing 777-2H6ER,[b] serial number 28420, registration 9M-MRO. The 404th Boeing 777 produced, it first flew on 14 May 2002, and was delivered new to Malaysia Airlines on 31 May 2002. The aircraft was powered by two Rolls-Royce Trent 892 engines.[75] According to the airline, it had accumulated at least 20,243 hours and 3,023 cycles in service.[76][77] 9M-MRO had not previously been involved in any major incidents,[78] however, a minor incident while taxiing at Shanghai Pudong International Airport in August 2012 resulted in significant damage to one of its wingtips, which broke off after striking the tail of another plane.[79] Its last maintenance check was in February 2014.[80]

Passengers and crew

Nationalities of people aboard Flight 370
Nationality Passengers Crew Total
 Australia 6 0 6
 Canada 2 0 2
 China 152 0 152
 France 4 0 4
 Hong Kong 1[81] 0 1
 India 5 0 5
 Indonesia 7 0 7
 Malaysia 38 12 50
 Netherlands 1 0 1
 New Zealand 2 0 2
 Russia 1 0 1
 Taiwan 1 0 1
 Ukraine 2 0 2
 United States 3 0 3
Unknown[A] 2 0 2
Total 227 12 239
Note
  1. ^ Two unknown passengers carrying stolen passports.

Malaysia Airlines released the names and nationalities of the 227 passengers and 12 crew, based on the flight manifest.[2][82]

Crew

All crew onboard were Malaysian. The captain was 53-year-old Zaharie bin Ahmad Shah from Penang, who joined Malaysian Airlines in 1981 and had 18,365 hours flying experience.[2][83] Zaharie was also an examiner qualified to conduct simulator tests for pilots.[84] The first officer was 27-year-old Fariq bin Ab Hamid, an employee of Malaysia Airlines since 2007, with 2,763 flying hours.[2][85] Fariq recently switched to flying Boeing 777-200 aircraft after completing his simulator training.[85]

Passengers

Chinese police in Fuzhou, Fujian, have located a man whose Chinese passport number corresponds to one on the published passenger list. He was not on board and the name on the list next to the number was completely different. However, he had not lost his passport and police suspect the wrong number was published.[86]

The Chinese passengers included a group of 19 artists with six family members and four staff, returning from a calligraphy exhibition of their work in Kuala Lumpur.[87]

Twenty of the passengers were employees of Freescale Semiconductor based in Austin, Texas. Twelve of these employees are from Malaysia and eight from China.[88]

Passengers using false identities

At least two of the passengers were travelling with passports stolen from citizens of European countries.[6] An Austrian listed in the manifest had reported his passport stolen in 2012 and an Italian listed in the manifest had reported his passport stolen in August 2013; both were stolen in Phuket, Thailand, a popular tourist destination. This came to light when attempts were made to locate their next of kin; both men have been confirmed safe.[1][89]

The tickets purchased for the holders of those stolen passports were booked through China Southern Airlines, which had a code share agreement to sell tickets for flight 370.[90] The two one-way tickets were bought at the same time and issued by a travel agent in Pattaya, Thailand, two days before the flight. The two itineraries began in Kuala Lumpur and continued via Beijing to Amsterdam. From Amsterdam, the itinerary for the Italian passport holder ended at Copenhagen and that of the Austrian passport holder continued to Frankfurt.[91] It was reported that an Iranian man—Kazem Ali—had purchased the tickets via telephone for friends he said wanted to return home to Europe and someone paid for the tickets in cash.[92][93] Ali had only asked for the cheapest route to Europe when booking and did not mention specifically the Kuala Lumpur–Beijing route.[94]

Malaysia's Home Minister Ahmad Zahid Hamidi criticised Malaysian immigration officials for failing to stop the passengers travelling on the stolen European passports.[95] Interpol stated that both passports were listed on its database of lost and stolen passports, but that no check had been made against its database,[96] noting that very few countries consistently use the database.[95]

On 10 March, Malaysia's Civil Aviation chief Azaharuddin Abdul Rahman reported that investigators had identified one of the people travelling with a stolen passport, but did not disclose any details about the person's nationality or identity, except that they were not Malaysian. He also indicated that one of the men was black and retracted an earlier statement that they were Asian. No connection between the stolen passports and the aircraft's disappearance has yet been reported.[97][98][99][100]

Investigation

Boeing has announced that it is assembling a team of experts to provide technical assistance to investigators,[101] in accordance with International Civil Aviation Organization protocols. In addition, the United States National Transportation Safety Board announced in an 8 March press release that a team of investigators had been sent along with technical advisers from the Federal Aviation Administration to offer assistance in the investigation.[67] The country that will lead the investigation will not be determined until the missing aircraft is found.[102]

The United States Federal Bureau of Investigation has deployed technical experts and agents to investigate the disappearance.[103] However, a senior US law enforcement official clarified that FBI agents were not sent to Malaysia.[104] United States and Malaysian officials are reviewing the entire passenger manifest in addition to the two passengers who were confirmed as possessing stolen passports.[105]

Notes

  1. ^ All times are in Malasyia Standard Time (UTC+8) unless otherwise stated.
  2. ^ The aircraft was a Boeing 777-200ER (for Extended Range) model; Boeing assigns a unique alphanumeric customer code for each company that buys one of its aircraft, which is applied as a suffix to the model number at the time the aircraft is built. The code for Malaysia Airlines is "H6", hence "777-2H6ER".[74]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e "Crash: Malaysia B772 over Gulf of Thailand on Mar 8th 2014, aircraft missing". The Aviation Herald. Retrieved 8 March 2014.
  2. ^ a b c d e f "MH370 Flight Incident". Malaysian Airlines. Retrieved 8 March 2014.
  3. ^ Grudgings, Stuart. "Malaysia Airlines plane crashes in South China Sea with 239 people aboard: report". Retrieved 8 March 2014.
  4. ^ a b Tasnim Lokman (9 March 2013). "MISSING MH370: Indonesia helps in search for airliner". New Straits Times. Retrieved 9 March 2014.
  5. ^ a b "Vietnam Navy says Malaysia Airlines plane crashes off Tho Chu Island". Tuoi Tre News. 8 March 2014. Retrieved 8 March 2014.
  6. ^ a b Tania Branigan; Kate Hodal (10 March 2014). "Flight MH370: officials 'puzzled' by Malaysia mystery as search widens". The Guardian. Retrieved 10 March 2014.
  7. ^ "Missing Malaysia Airlines plane 'a mystery'". BBC News. Retrieved 10 March 2014.
  8. ^ "Malaysia Airlines flight MH370: Jet's disappearance remains a mystery as passport security questioned". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 11 March 2014. Retrieved 11 March 2014.
  9. ^ "Interview with Mikael Robertson of Fight Radar 24, Astro Awani, 8 March 2014". English.astroawani.com. Retrieved 8 March 2014.
  10. ^ "Malaysian Airlines System (MH) No. 370 ✈ 08-Mar-2014 ✈ WMKK / KUL – ZBAA / PEK ✈". flightaware. Retrieved 8 March 2014.
  11. ^ "Malaysia Airlines MH370 Flight Incident – 4th Media Statement". Malaysia Airlines. 8 March 2014. Archived from the original on 8 March 2013. Retrieved 8 March 2014.
  12. ^ "MEDIA STATEMENT released at 7.24am/8 Mar 2014 MH370 Incident". Facebook.com. Retrieved 10 March 2014.
  13. ^ "Missing MAS flight: Last point of contact was east of Kota Baru". The Star. 8 March 2014. Retrieved 8 March 2014.
  14. ^ Tom Watkins; Chelsea J. Carter (8 March 2014). "Search intensifies for Malaysian airliner and 239 people, rescue ships head to sea". CNN. Retrieved 9 March 2014.
  15. ^ "Malaysia Airlines loses contact with plane carrying 239 people – Yahoo!!!7". Yahoo! News. 8 March 2014. Archived from the original on 8 March 2014. Retrieved 8 March 2014. Chinese and Thai authorities have said the plane did not enter their airspace.
  16. ^ "Conspiracy theories spiral around MH370's disappearance". The Malaysian Insider. 8 March 2014. Retrieved 8 March 2014.
  17. ^ "MISSING MH370: Pilot: I established contact with plane". New Straits Times.
  18. ^ a b "Malaysian plane crashed off Vietnam coast: state media". Yahoo News. 8 March 2014. Retrieved 8 March 2014.
  19. ^ "Search planes scour sea for missing Malaysian jetliner". Chicago Tribune. 9 March 2014. Retrieved 8 March 2014.
  20. ^ "Malaysia's transport minister said there was no information on wreckage and he urged against speculation". BBC News. 8 March 2014. Retrieved 8 March 2014.
  21. ^ a b c "Too early to come to any conclusion, says Najib". Daily Express. 9 March 2014. Retrieved 9 March 2014.
  22. ^ Chelsea J. Carter and Jim Clancy (9 March 2014). "No sign of Malaysia Airline wreckage; questions over stolen passports". CNN. Retrieved 9 March 2014.
  23. ^ Bradsher, Keith (8 March 2014). "Oil Slick Sighting Is First Sign Malaysia Airlines Plane May Have Crashed". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 8 March 2014.
  24. ^ "Five young children among missing Malaysia Airlines passengers as air search called off". South China Morning Post. Retrieved 8 March 2014.
  25. ^ "Missing MAS flight: Two giant oil slicks spotted off Vietnam coast". The Star. 8 March 2014. Retrieved 8 March 2014.
  26. ^ "Tiếp cận hiện trường khu vực máy bay Malaysia mất tích" (in Vietnamese). Tuổi Trẻ. 9 March 2014. Retrieved 9 March 2014.
  27. ^ "Exclusive: Probe into missing Malaysia plane looks at possible mid-air disintegration". Reuters. 9 March 2014. Retrieved 9 March 2014.
  28. ^ "Missing Malaysia Airlines Plane Remains Mystery". Sky News. 10 March 2014. Retrieved 10 March 2014.
  29. ^ "Oil slick spotted by rescuers 'not from missing Malaysia Airlines flight', tests reveal". South China Morning Post. Retrieved 10 March 2014.
  30. ^ Sorin Adam Matei (9 March 2014). "Possible Disappearance Location of Flight MH370 50 miles south of Tho Chu Island is Right on the Flight Plan". Matei.org/Ithink. Retrieved 9 March 2014.
  31. ^ "Vietnam says it may have found missing jet's door".
  32. ^ "Did Missing Malaysia flight DISINTEGRATE at 35,000 feet? Search team find what they believe is part of plane door and tail as Interpol probes if four people boarded using stolen passports". Daily Mail. Retrieved 9 March 2014.
  33. ^ "Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. 10 March 2014. Retrieved 10 March 2014.
  34. ^ Jim Clancy and Mark Morgenstein (9 March 2014). "New leads explored in hunt for missing Malaysia Airlines flight". CNN News. Retrieved 10 March 2014.
  35. ^ Pete Williams, Robert Windrem and Richard Esposito (9 March 2014). "Missing Malaysia Airlines Jet May Have Turned Back: Officials". NBC News. Retrieved 9 March 2014.
  36. ^ "Reports: Missing Malaysia Airlines plane 'may have turned back'". BBC News. 9 March 2014. Retrieved 9 March 2014.
  37. ^ "Malaysia Airlines: What we know about flight MH370". BBC. 10 March 2014. Retrieved 10 March 2014.
  38. ^ a b Hildebrandt, Amber (10 March 2014). Malaysia Airlines Flight MH370: 'Mystery compounded by mystery'. CBC News
  39. ^ a b "Missing Malaysia plane: Search area widened". BBC News. 9 March 2014.
  40. ^ a b Bagus BT Saragih (9 March 2014). "RI deploy warships as search expands to Malacca Strait". The Jakarta Post. Retrieved 10 March 2014.
  41. ^ a b Michael Field (11 March 2014). "NZ air force joins search for missing jet". stuff.co.nz. Retrieved 11 March 2014.
  42. ^ "MISSING MH370: Malaysia welcomes SAR assistance from other countries". New Straits Times. 9 March 2014. Retrieved 10 March 2014.
  43. ^ Wong, Chun-Han; Vu, Trong Khanh; Raghuvanshi, Gaurav (9 March 2014). "Countries Put Disputes Aside for Airliner Search". The Wall Street Journal
  44. ^ "Malaysia Airlines Flight MH370: Oil slicks in South China Sea ‘not from missing jet’, officials say"
  45. ^ "French accident board offers help recovering missing flight MH370". The Malaysian Insider. Yahoo! News. 10 March 2014. Retrieved 10 March 2014.
  46. ^ "India offers help to trace missing Malaysia plane". BBC News. Retrieved 10 March 2014.
  47. ^ "Vietnam, Malaysia mount search for plane". Sky News Australia. 8 March 2014.
  48. ^ "Malaysia widens area of search for missing MAS aircraft". Bernama. 9 March 2014. Retrieved 9 March 2014.
  49. ^ "Missing MAS flight: MAS team arrives in Beijing". The Star. 9 March 2014. Retrieved 9 March 2014.
  50. ^ "Missing MAS flight: Malaysia grateful for assistance in search and rescue operations, says Anifah". The Star. 9 March 2014. Retrieved 9 March 2014.
  51. ^ "Plane may have made 'air turn back', counter terrorism units activated". Astro Awani. 9 March 2014. Retrieved 9 March 2014.
  52. ^ "Australia sending two P3C Orions from Darwin to Malaysia to aid with the search for missing Malaysian flight MH370". News Corp Australia. 9 March 2014. Retrieved 9 March 2014.
  53. ^ "Australia to send military aircraft to join search of missing Malaysian Airlines flight". 9 March 2014.
  54. ^ "Chinese warships on way to rescue mission". Xinhua News Agency. 9 March 2014. Retrieved 9 March 2014.
  55. ^ "China dispatches more vessels for plane search". Xinhua News Agency. 9 March 2014. Retrieved 10 March 2014.
  56. ^ "China deploys satellites for missing plane search". Xinhua News Agency. 10 March 2014. Retrieved 10 March 2014.
  57. ^ Fadli (9 March 2014). "RI deploys warships, aircraft to SCS to search for missing aircraft". The Jakarta Post. Retrieved 9 March 2014.
  58. ^ "PH joins SE Asia search for Malaysian plane". Rappler. 8 March 2014. Retrieved 8 March 2014.
  59. ^ "Malaysia Airlines missing flight: Live Report". Yahoo! News Malaysia. 8 March 2014. Retrieved 8 March 2014.
  60. ^ "Malaysian Airlines missing flight MH370: Live Report". Digital Journal. 8 March 2014. Retrieved 8 March 2014.
  61. ^ "Additional SAF assets deployed in response to missing Malaysia Airlines Plane (09 Mar 14)". Ministry of Defence of Singapore. 9 March 2014. Retrieved 9 March 2014.
  62. ^ "Thai navy ready to deploy rescue vessels, aircraft for missing Malaysian plane: spokesman". CCTV News. 8 March 2014. Retrieved 9 March 2014.
  63. ^ "MISSING MH370: Rescue efforts under way". New Straits Times. 9 March 2014. Retrieved 9 March 2014.
  64. ^ "Search for missing Malaysian jet involves 8 countries". The Nation. 10 March 2014. Retrieved 10 March 2014.
  65. ^ a b "US P-3 and USS Pinckney helicopter over Malaysian Airlines search site". U.S. Seventh Fleet Public Affairs. 9 March 2014. Retrieved 9 March 2014.
  66. ^ "U.S. Sends Destroyer to Aid Search for Malaysia Airlines Jet". NBC News. 8 March 2014. Retrieved 8 March 2014.
  67. ^ a b "Press Release March 8, 2014: NTSB positioning team to offer assistance in investigation of Malaysia Airlines 777 event". Ntsb.gov. Retrieved 9 March 2014.
  68. ^ "Oil Slick Not From Missing Malaysian Jet, Investigators Say". NBC News. 22 November 2013. Retrieved 10 March 2014.
  69. ^ "US boosters support for search of lost plane". Malaysia Sun. Retrieved 10 March 2014.
  70. ^ "Malaysia Airlines: experts surprised at disappearance of 'very safe' Boeing 777". The Guardian. 8 March 2014. Retrieved 9 March 2014.
  71. ^ "Malaysia Airlines has one of Asia's best safety records". Reuters. 8 March 2014. Retrieved 9 March 2014.
  72. ^ 06.31 GMT. "Malaysia Airlines: experts surprised at disappearance of 'very safe' Boeing 777". The Guardian. Retrieved 10 March 2014.
  73. ^ "NTSB Investigates Asiana 777 Accident in San Francisco". Aviation Week & Space Technology. 6 July 2013. Retrieved 10 March 2014.
  74. ^ Pither, Tony (1998). The Boeing 707 720 and C-135. England: Air-Britain (Historians) Ltd. ISBN 0 85130 236 X.
  75. ^ "Malaysia Airlines 9M-MRO (Boeing 777 – MSN 28420)". Airfleets. Retrieved 7 March 2014.
  76. ^ "Boeing 777 at centre of Malaysia Airlines disappearance had clocked up 'normal' 20,000 hours' flying time". South China Morning Post. Retrieved 8 March 2014.
  77. ^ "Contact lost with Malaysian 777". Australian Aviation. 8 March 2014. Retrieved 10 March 2014.
  78. ^ "Missing MAS 777-200 had no major prior incidents – 3/8/2014". Flightglobal. Retrieved 9 March 2014.
  79. ^ "浦东机场滑行跑道内东航马航两飞机剐蹭 ["Two planes from China Eastern Airlines and Malaysian Airlines snag each other on the runway of Shanghai Pudong Airport"]– 新华财经 – 新华网". Xinhua News Agency. 26 June 2012. Retrieved 9 March 2014.
  80. ^ Toh, Mavis. "MAS 777 underwent maintenance in Feb". Flightglobal. Retrieved 9 March 2014.
  81. ^ Ernest Kao (9 March 2014). "Hong Kong woman named as passenger on board missing Malaysia Airlines flight". South China Morning Post. Retrieved 10 March 2014.
  82. ^ "MH 370 PASSENGER MANIFEST" (PDF). Malaysia Airlines. 8 March 2014. Retrieved 8 March 2014.
  83. ^ "Missing MAS flight: Captain piloting MH370 a Penang boy". The Straits Times. 8 March 2014. Retrieved 9 March 2014.
  84. ^ Koswanage, Niluksi (9 March 2014). "Pilot of missing Malaysian flight an aviation tech geek". Reuters. Retrieved 10 March 2014.
  85. ^ a b Watkins, Tom (10 March 2014). "First officer on missing jet was transitioning to 777-200s". CNN. Retrieved 10 March 2014.
  86. ^ Wang Chunxiao (9 March 2014). "警方:马航福州乘客护照号对应姓名不符" (in Chinese). China Central Television. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help)
  87. ^ "Behind jet's passenger list is rich human tapestry". The Washington Post. Associated Press. 9 March 2014. Retrieved 10 March 2014.
  88. ^ "No sign of Malaysia Airline wreckage; questions over stolen passports". CNN. CNN. 8 March 2014. Retrieved 10 March 2014.
  89. ^ Catherine E. Shoichet and Ray Sanchez (9 March 2014 – Updated 1337 GMT (2137 HKT)). "Plane bore painters, pilgrims, others from around the world". CNN. Retrieved 8 March 2014. Check date values in: |date= (help)
  90. ^ Keith Bradsher; Eric Schmitt (9 March 2014). "Passport Theft Adds to Mystery of Missing Malaysia Airlines Jet". The New York Times.
  91. ^ Jethro Mullen; Jim Clancy (9 March 2014). "Ticket purchase adds to mystery over plane". CNN.
  92. ^ "Days later, no sign of missing Malaysia Airlines plane". CNN.com. Retrieved 10 March 2014.
  93. ^ Associated, The. "Iranian man bought tickets for Malaysia Air passengers using stolen passports – World Israel News". Haaretz. Retrieved 10 March 2014.
  94. ^ Mezzofiore, Gianluca (10 March 2014). "Missing Malaysia Airlines Flight MH370: Iranian Middleman Asked Thai Agent to Book Tickets on Stolen Passports". International Business Times. UK. Retrieved 11 March 2014.
  95. ^ a b Murdoch, Lindsay (10 March 2014). "Fake passports on Malaysia Airlines flight reveal flaw in airline safety". smh.com.au. Retrieved 10 March 2014.
  96. ^ "INTERPOL confirms at least two stolen passports used by passengers on missing Malaysian Airlines flight 370 were registered in its databases". Interpol. Retrieved 9 March 2010.
  97. ^ "Missing Malaysia Airlines Flight MH370: FBI Launch Terrorist Attack Probe into Vanished Plane". Ibtimes.co.uk. 11 March 2011. Retrieved 10 March 2014.
  98. ^ Brinded, Liana. "Missing Malaysia Airlines Flight MH370: One Fake Passport-holder Identified". International Business Times. Retrieved 10 March 2014.
  99. ^ Cho, Joehee (10 March 2014). "Malaysia Air Passenger With Stolen Passport Caught on Video". ABC News. Retrieved 10 March 2014.
  100. ^ Bentham, Martin. "Flight MH370: Mystery passenger of Malaysian plane 'looked like Mario Balotelli'". The Evening Standard. Retrieved 10 March 2014.
  101. ^ "Boeing team to offer technical help to investigators". Deccan Chronicle.
  102. ^ Toh, Mavis. "NTSB sends team to assist in MH370 case". Flightglobal. Retrieved 9 March 2014.
  103. ^ Serrano, Richard A. "FBI to investigate disappearance of a Malaysian Airlines jet." Los Angeles Times. 8 March 2014. Retrieved 9 March 2014.
  104. ^ "FBI not in on Malaysia crash probe; other U.S. agencies to arrive Monday". Reuters. Retrieved 11 March 2014.
  105. ^ Simon Denyer, Robert Barnes and Chico Harlan (9 March 2014). "Four flew with false ID aboard Malaysia Airlines plane that vanished over South China Sea". The Washington Post. Retrieved 9 March 2014.

External links