Military intelligence of Myanmar

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Office of the Chief of Military Security Affairs (MSA) စစ်ဘက်ရေးရာ လုံခြုံရေးအရာရှိချုပ်ရုံး (စရခ), commonly referred to by its Burmese acronym Sa Ya Pa (Sa Aa Pa in S'gaw Karen), is the office of the Myanmar armed forces tasked with intelligence gathering. It was created to replace the Military Intelligence Service, which was disbanded as its chief Khin Nyunt fell from favour in 2004.[1] The office is charged with handling political issues, and had played a central role in monitoring the 2007 popular protests in Myanmar; coordinating widespread arrests of protesters and their interrogation. Human Rights Watch reported that as part of its interrogation process, MSA uses sleep deprivation and condones the beating and kicking of detainees until they are unconscious.[2] As of September 2014, MSA is headed by former army chief of staff Lieutenant General Mya Tun Oo.[3]

Chiefs[edit]

Office Name Head Term
Directorate of Military Intelligence Colonel Lwin 1959–1969
Directorate of Military Intelligence Colonel Chit Khin 1969–1972
Directorate of Military Intelligence Brigadier General Tin Oo 1972–1978
Directorate of Military Intelligence Colonel Aung Htay 1978–1980
Directorate of Military Intelligence Colonel Myo Aung 1980–1982
Directorate of Military Intelligence Colonel Kan Nyunt 1982–1983
Directorate of Military Intelligence Colonel Aung Koe 1983
Directorate of Defence Service Intelligence Lieutenant General Khin Nyunt 1984–2004
Chief of Military Security Affairs Lieutenant General Myint Swe 2004–2005
Chief of Military Security Affairs Lieutenant General Ye Myint 2005–2010
Chief of Military Security Affairs Lieutenant General Kyaw Swe 2010–2014
Chief of Military Security Affairs Lieutenant General Mya Tun Oo 2014–present

References[edit]

  1. ^ Paing, Yan (September 9, 2014). "Burmese Military Reshuffle Sees New Security Chief Appointed". The Irrawaddy. Retrieved 2015-08-18. 
  2. ^ "Crackdown: Repression of the 2007 Popular Protests in Burma". Human Rights Watch. Retrieved 18 August 2015. 
  3. ^ Paing, Yan (September 9, 2014). "Burmese Military Reshuffle Sees New Security Chief Appointed". The Irrawaddy. Retrieved 2015-08-18.