Mount Balfour

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Mount Balfour
Mount Balfour from Iceline Trail.jpg
Mount Balfour from Iceline Trail
Highest point
Elevation3,284 m (10,774 ft) [1]
Prominence934 m (3,064 ft) [2]
Coordinates51°33′55″N 116°27′58″W / 51.56528°N 116.46611°W / 51.56528; -116.46611Coordinates: 51°33′55″N 116°27′58″W / 51.56528°N 116.46611°W / 51.56528; -116.46611[3]
Geography
Mount Balfour is located in Alberta
Mount Balfour
Mount Balfour
Location in Alberta
Mount Balfour is located in Canada
Mount Balfour
Mount Balfour
Mount Balfour (Canada)
LocationAlberta / British Columbia, Canada
Parent rangeWaputik Range
Topo mapNTS 82N/09
Climbing
First ascent1898 C.L. Noyes, C.S. Thompson, G.M. Weed; Appalachian Mountain Club
Mount Balfour seen from Iceline Trail

Mount Balfour is a mountain located on the Continental Divide, part of the border between British Columbia and Alberta, in the Waputik Range in the Park Ranges of the Canadian Rockies.[1][2]It is the 71th highest peak in Alberta[4] and the 113th highest in British Columbia[5]; it is also the 52nd most prominence in Alberta.

The mountain was named by James Hector in 1859 after Professor John Hutton Balfour, a Scottish botanist and instructor at the University of Edinburgh where Hector had studied.[3]

Geology[edit]

Mount Balfour is composed of sedimentary rock laid down during the Precambrian to Jurassic periods.[6] Formed in shallow seas, this sedimentary rock was pushed east and over the top of younger rock during the Laramide orogeny.[7]

Climate[edit]

Based on the Köppen climate classification, Mount Balfour is located in a subarctic climate with cold, snowy winters, and mild summers.[8] Temperatures can drop below −20 °C with wind chill factors below −30 °C.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Mount Balfour". PeakFinder.com. Retrieved 2009-02-21.
  2. ^ a b "Mount Balfour". Bivouac.com. Retrieved 2009-02-21.
  3. ^ a b "Mount Balfour". BC Geographical Names. Retrieved 2013-06-15.
  4. ^ Peaks in Alberta by height
  5. ^ list of peaks in BC
  6. ^ Belyea, Helen (1960). "The Story of the Mountains in Banff National Park". Geological Survey of Canada.
  7. ^ Gadd, Ben (2008). "Geology of the Rocky Mountains and Columbias".
  8. ^ Peel, M. C.; Finlayson, B. L. & McMahon, T. A. (2007). "Updated world map of the Köppen−Geiger climate classification". Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci. 11: 1633–1644. ISSN 1027-5606.