Pagan's Motorcycle Club

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Pagan's MC
Pagan's Motorcycle Club logo.png
Founded1957[1]
Founded atPrince George's County, Maryland
TypeOutlaw motorcycle club
Region
East Coast of the United States
National President
Robert "Big Bob" Francis[2]

Pagan's Motorcycle Club, or simply the Pagans, is an outlaw motorcycle club formed by Lou Dobkin in 1957 in Prince George's County, Maryland, United States.[1][3] The club rapidly expanded and by 1959, the Pagans, originally clad in blue denim jackets and riding Triumphs, began to evolve along the lines of the stereotypical one-percenter motorcycle club.[1]

The Pagans are categorized as an outlaw motorcycle club by the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF). They are known to fight over territory with the Hells Angels Motorcycle Club (HAMC)[1] and other motorcycle clubs. They are currently active in California, Delaware, Florida, Kentucky, Maryland, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, South Carolina, Virginia, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, West Virginia, Washington State and Puerto Rico.[4]

Early history[edit]

The Pagans were established in Prince George's County, Maryland, by then-president Lou Dobkin, beginning in 1957 and officially organized in 1958.[5] The group started out wearing denim jackets with embroidered insignia instead of the more standard three-piece patches utilized by most outlaw motorcycle gangs (OMG), and riding both American and British motorcycles, Harley-Davidsons and Triumphs.[6] Originally they were a "brotherhood of 13 motorcyclists". In the 1960s they adopted a formal constitution and formed a governing structure, choosing a national president who was paid the same amount as the United States president, which worked out to a $100,000 salary per year[7] and calling the gesture "a show of class."[8]

They were a fairly non-violent group until 1965. A swelling mass of new members put the Pagans on the path to evolve into an OMG. It was largely a semantic gesture made after they gathered at a motorcycle race in Maryland; the ensuing incident found them branded as "The 1% of motorcyclists whom caused problems" in local newspapers. The Pagans claim to have invented and adopted the 1%er patch, referencing the newspaper articles of the time. This 1%er patch was quickly adopted by most other OMGs.

With ties to other organized crime groups, the Pagans quickly became dominant in the mid-Atlantic region. They were the only large OMG in that region as well as a large portion of the northeast United States. Their growth under the leadership of John "Satan" Marron, saw the Pagans grow to nearly 5,000 members in the early 1970s. Their "Mother Club" is never in a fixed location, but it has been generally located in the northeast. The Pagans' top echelon of leadership must always number 13 members. There are also chapter presidents, with the largest chapter at times located in the Philadelphia area.[8]

Though primarily concentrated in the northeast and mid-Atlantic, the Pagans began expanding into Florida in the 1990s and west, with chapters beyond the Mississippi River. The Pagans have grown slowly through a natural cycle of attrition in the smaller OMGs, the practice of patching over other chapters or entire clubs. The practice of incorporating smaller OMGs was prevalent from the 1970s to the early 1990s.[8]

Patch[edit]

The Pagans MC patch depicts the Norse fire-giant Surtr sitting on the sun, wielding a sword, plus the word Pagan's [sic], in red, white and blue.[1] The image of Surtr was taken from an illustration by Jack Kirby in issue 97 of the comic book Journey into Mystery.[9]

Though historically not wearing a bottom rocker, a patch denoting the location of where a one-percenter bike club is based, the Pagan Motorcycle club has since started wearing an "East Coast" insignia on their vests[10]

Members wear blue denim vests called cuts or cutoffs with club patches, known as colors, on the front and back.

Membership[edit]

Pagans mc patch.jpg

Pagans have approximately 1,300+ members and more than 100 chapters and are active along the east coast of the United States and more recently the west coast, and Puerto Rico[citation needed]. Chapters are common in Florida, New York, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, North Carolina,Virginia, West Virginia, Puerto Rico and Nevada. The Pagans have a mother club or ruling council which ultimately rules the club.

Members must be at least 21 years old and owners of Harley-Davidson motorcycles with engines 1000cc or larger.

For decades the Pagans Motorcycle Club had looked north to Canada for possible expansion. It also found the idea of supporting Hells Angels rivals beneficial, such as the Rock Machine Motorcycle Club; a Canadian-based international motorcycle club with chapters all over the world, it has fought several conflicts with the Hells Angels including the Quebec Biker War, the deadliest motorcycle conflict in history. In 2011, dozens of the Pagans traveled to the Canadian province of New Brunswick to meet with the Rock Machine. At the time New Brunswick had little outlaw motorcycle influence. The meeting was to consolidate a friendship and probe the province for expansion. However in 2018, Pagans member, Andrew "Chef" Glick revealed that the group had abandoned its plans at expansion north. He cited Canada's anti-biker laws but also a large part of the reason was that Canadian Hells Angels are considered particularly violent members of the outlaw biker – or “one percenter” – community, Glick said in an interview.

“In Canada and Australia, that’s where the heaviest (toughest) one per centers are,” Glick said. “Being a one per center in Canada, I would say is a little more dangerous than being a one per center in the U.S." New Jersey bikers are tough, but “not near as violent as what I’ve seen and read (about) in Montreal and Toronto.”

[11]

Criminal activities[edit]

Florida[edit]

On March 4, 1974, seventeen-year-old Amy Billig disappeared near her home in Coconut Grove, Florida. Billig's fate remained unknown for at least 24 years, until in 1998 Paul Branch, a former Pagans member, revealed in a deathbed confession that on the day of her disappearance she had been abducted, drugged, raped and murdered. According to Branch, Billig's body was dumped in the surrounding Everglades, though it has never been found. Billig's case received national media attention, including features on Unsolved Mysteries and America's Most Wanted.[12]

On 15 May 2021, the Pagans got in a bar room fight with locals at Stripes Bar & Grill in Navarre, Florida. Two days later a Rich Urban Bikers (RUBS) motorcycle was set on fire in front of Stripes. The Santa Rosa County Sheriff's Office has been conducting an investigation with at least five Pagans and local arrested or wanted.[13]

New Jersey, New York, and Philadelphia[edit]

On July 17, 1994, at least eight members of the Pagans showed up at the annual charity picnic fund-raiser organized by Tri-County MC in Hackettstown. The Pagans were there to intimidate local motorcycle clubs into aligning with the Pagans so they would have a larger power base to prevent the Hells Angels from getting established in New Jersey. A fight started and escalated from fists to knives and guns. When it was over, Pagans Glenn Ritchie and Diego Vega had been shot dead; Pagan Ron Locke and Tri-County member William Johnson had gunshot wounds, and Tri-County member Hank Riger had his throat cut.[14]

Pagans member Robert "Hellboy" Deronde was convicted of the April 24, 2018 beating of Hells Angels member Jeffrey Shank with a baseball bat at a gas station in Newark, and was sentenced to four years in prison in July 2019.[15]

Pagans national president Keith "Conan" Richter was arrested February 26, 2021 after a police stop in East Windsor where a loaded pistol was found in a vehicle in which he was a passenger.[16]

On February 23, 2002, 73 Pagans were arrested on Long Island, New York after appearing at an indoor motorcycle and tattoo expo called the Hellraiser Ball.[17] The Pagans had shown up to the event to confront Hells Angels who were at the Ball. Dozens of Pagans rushed the doors of the event and were met with violence by the Hells Angels. Fighting ensued, ten people were wounded, and a Hells Angel shot and killed a Pagans member. Two weeks later, a Pagans-owned tattoo parlor located in South Philadelphia, Pennsylvania was firebombed.[18]

In 2005, Pagans allegedly opened fire on and killed the vice-president of the Hells Angels' Philadelphia chapter as he was driving his truck on the Schuylkill Expressway.[19] Later that year, the Hells Angels closed their Philadelphia chapter.[citation needed]

In September 2010, nineteen members of the Pagans were arrested in Rocky Point, New York for allegedly conspiring to murder members of the Hells Angels. Charges also include assault, distribution of cocaine and oxycodone, conspiracy to commit extortion and weapons charges.[20] Two federal ATF agents infiltrated the gang, providing key evidence. One agent eventually served as sergeant-at-arms, the second-highest position in the hierarchy. Gang members were heard plotting to murder members of the Hells Angels using homemade hand grenades.[21]

Maryland[edit]

A Pagans MC leader, Jay Carl Wagner, 66, was arrested in Washington County, Maryland, by 60-plus officers from state, local and federal officials with a bomb disposal robot on May 9, 2007, and later charged with possession of a regulated firearm after conviction of a violent crime. Police and agents recovered seven handguns, two alleged explosive devices and 13 rifles.[22] On March 5, 2008, Wagner pleaded guilty to being a felon in possession of a firearm.[23] On August 8, 2008, U.S. District Chief Judge Benson E. Legg sentenced Wagner to 30 months in prison followed by three years of supervised release.[24]

On 6 October 2009, the home of national president David "Bart" Barbeito in Myersville, Maryland was raided by police. He was arrested on firearms charges. In June, 2010 he pleaded guilty to racketeering and other charges.[25] He was sentenced to thirty months' confinement.[26]

Multi-state[edit]

In 2009, 55 Pagans members and associates were arrested from West Virginia, Kentucky, Virginia, Pennsylvania, New York, New Jersey, Delaware and Florida.[27] Charges range from attempted murder and kidnapping to drug dealing and conspiracy.[28] So far, seven defendants in the case have pleaded guilty.[27][29][30]

Rhode Island[edit]

In 2018, 49 people, some members of the Pagans MC, were arrested in one of the largest busts in Rhode Island history. The seizure of 53 illegal guns, including a rocket launcher, and a "large quantity" of marijuana, crack, cocaine, and heroin was the end results of 12-month investigation conducted by members of the Rhode Island State Police Special Investigations Unit with assistance from the Rhode Island Attorney General's office, ATF, and FBI.[31]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Mallory, Stephen L. (2007), Understanding Organized Crime, Jones & Bartlett Publishers, pp. 157–160, ISBN 978-0-7637-4108-2
  2. ^ "Mob Talk Sitdown 31". Fox News 29. Archived from the original on 2019-08-05. Retrieved 19 August 2019.
  3. ^ Barker, Tom (September 2005), "One Percent Biker Clubs -- A Description", Trends in Organized Crime, Springer New York, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 101–112, doi:10.1007/s12117-005-1005-0, ISSN 1084-4791, S2CID 144003167
  4. ^ "Into the Abyss: Motorcycle Gangs". People.missouristate.edu. Retrieved 2016-01-22.
  5. ^ Throckmorton, Keith. "Peacemaker: The Pagan Outlaw Motorcycle Gang". The Perquimans Weekly. APG East LLC. Retrieved 17 July 2021.
  6. ^ "Biker Tattoos". LoveToKnow. Retrieved 18 May 2015.
  7. ^ "Salary history for the president of the United States". Retrieved 2019-12-24.
  8. ^ a b c "Drugs and Crime : Outlaw Motorcycle Gang Profile" (PDF). Cryptome.org. October 2002. Retrieved 2016-01-22.
  9. ^ Thomas-Lester, Avis (November 6, 1991). "Outlaw Biker Gangs Larger, More Violent". The Washington Post. Retrieved August 4, 2016.
  10. ^ Napoliello, Alex (May 7, 2018). "Pagans may be planning a 'violent' expansion into North Jersey". NJ.com. Retrieved May 7, 2018.
  11. ^ Edwards, Peter (8 March 2018). "New Jersey bikers opted out of expanding to Canada, U.S. Court hears". The Toronto Star.
  12. ^ Bureau, DANA CALVO Miami. "WHATEVER HAPPENED TO AMY?". Sun-Sentinel.com. Retrieved 2020-12-08.
  13. ^ WEAR Staff (2021-06-02). "VIDEO: 5 men charged for Navarre bar fight involving motorcycle club". WEAR. Retrieved 2021-06-02.
  14. ^ "The Express-Times | Lehigh Valley PA Newspaper - lehighvalleylive.com". Nj.com. Retrieved 2016-01-22.
  15. ^ A Pagan’s biker called ‘Hellboy’ beat a Hells Angels member with a baseball bat. He’s headed to prison for 4 years.
  16. ^ Pagans motorcycle club national president arrested in N.J. for having a loaded gun, feds say.
  17. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20140407022840/http://www.pittsburghlive.com/x/pittsburghtrib/s_60914.html. Archived from the original on April 7, 2014. Retrieved May 17, 2009. {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  18. ^ Leduff, Charlie (May 5, 2002). "A Biker Shot Dead Is Laid to Rest, And a Bloody Turf War Rages On". The New York Times.
  19. ^ "First blood in possible biker war". South Philly Review. Archived from the original on 12 September 2012. Retrieved 18 May 2015.
  20. ^ "Members of Pagan Motorcycle Gang arrested on Long Island". ABC7 New York. Archived from the original on 7 October 2012. Retrieved 18 May 2015.
  21. ^ Marzulli, John (September 15, 2010). "Pagans biker gang plotted to kill rival Hells Angels with grenade attacks, say Feds". Daily News. New York. Archived from the original on September 18, 2010. Retrieved September 16, 2010.
  22. ^ "Herald Mail Media". Retrieved 18 May 2015.
  23. ^ [1] Archived May 17, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
  24. ^ [2] Archived September 8, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
  25. ^ "FNP Exclusive: Pagan informant glad for closure as Pagan president admits guilt". The Frederick News-Post. Archived from the original on 12 October 2012. Retrieved 18 May 2015.
  26. ^ [3] Archived December 25, 2010, at the Wayback Machine
  27. ^ a b [4][dead link]
  28. ^ "North Jersey Pagan held in racketeering case". Retrieved November 16, 2009.[dead link]
  29. ^ Clevenger, Andrew (November 16, 2009), "Contractor admits using Pagans for debt-collection muscle", The Charleston Gazette, archived from the original on November 21, 2009, retrieved 2009-11-18
  30. ^ [5] Archived December 19, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
  31. ^ "49 people arrested in largest bust in Rhode Island history, officials say". www.msn.com. Retrieved 2018-05-24.