|Systematic (IUPAC) name|
|Biological half-life||12 hours|
|ATC code||N02BB01 (WHO) S02DA03 (WHO)|
Phenazone (INN and BAN; also known as phenazon, antipyrine (USAN), or analgesine) is an analgesic, a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug and an antipyretic. It was first synthesized by Ludwig Knorr in 1887.:26–27 Phenazone is synthesized by condensation of phenylhydrazine and ethyl acetoacetate under basic conditions and methylation of the resulting intermediate compound 1-phenyl-3-methylpyrazolone with dimethyl sulfate or methyl iodide. It crystallizes in needles which melt at 156 °C. Potassium permanganate oxidizes it to pyridazine tetracarboxylic acid. Phenazone has an elimination half life of about 12 hours. Indication: Used to relieve pain and fever. Antipyrine is often used in testing the effects of other drugs or diseases on drug-metabolizing enzymes in the liver.
Possible adverse effects include:
- A/B Otic Drops, ear drops combined with benzocaine to relieve pain and remove cerumen
- Brune, K (1997). "The early history of non-opioid analgesics". Acute Pain 1: 33. doi:10.1016/S1366-0071(97)80033-2.
- Enrique Ravina. The Evolution of Drug Discovery: From Traditional Medicines to Modern Drugs. John Wiley & Sons, 2011 ISBN 9783527326693
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