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Samundri Tehsil (Urdu/Punjabi: تحصیل سمندری) is an administrative subdivision, tehsil, of Faisalabad District in Punjab province of Pakistan. The lands of the Tehsil Samundri are irrigated by Gugera Branch Canal and Burala branch canal.
All villages of the tehsil carry G.B. with their Chak numbers and name of village usually follows it for example Chak No. 439 GB MAHALAM,CHAK No. 48 GB Maluwaal,Chak 444 GB Poohla and Chak No. 373 Karamsar etc. Sugar cane is the major cash crop of the area. Wheat, cotton and vegetables are also grown in the fertile lands of the tehsil. Samundri is one of the old tehsils of Pakistan.
The name of Samundri comes from the presence of three (Seh=three)Hindu temples (Mandr=temple). Hence called Seh-Mandri means a small city with three temples.The name later weired and was converted to Samundri. The city still has lots of old buildings constructed in 1930s or before. Until 1904, during British rule, Samundri was headquarters of a tehsil in the district of Jhang. With the creation of Lyallpur District the Samudri Tehsil was transferred to this district. At that time having an area of 1,309 square miles (3,390 km2)., and it was reduced to 222,005 acres (898.42 km2) as a result of its bifurcation in 1994.
The population in 1906 was 266,277, at that time it contains 495 villages, including Samundri (population, 765), the headquarters. The land revenue and cesses in 1905-6 amounted to 6-700,000. The tehsil consists of a level plain sloping gently towards the Ravi and the Deg on the south, and is now wholly irrigated by the Chenab Canal, except for a few scattered plots in the Ravi lowlands which still depend on wells. The soil generally is a fine loam. The boundaries of the tehsil were somewhat modified at the time of the formation of the new District.
By the 1900s Western Punjab was predominantly Muslim and supported the Muslim League and Pakistan Movement. Migration between India and Pakistan was continuous before independence. After the independence in August 1947, the minority Hindus and Sikhs migrated to India while the Muslim refugees from India settled in the Western Punjab and across Pakistan.
The total area of the Tehsil was 499,462 Acres which was reduced to 222,005 Acres as a result of its bifurcation in 1994, giving birth to new Tehsil named Tandlianwala.
The population is predominantly Punjabi Muslims speaking Punjabi and Urdu languages. The main clans in the Samundri Tehsil are Jat, Arain, Gujjar and Rajput while the Butts, Mugals, Ansaris, Shaikh and Quraishis are minor ones. There are 136 villages in Samundri Tehsil. The population is more than 99% Muslim with small groups of Christian, Hindu and Qadianis make rest of 1%.
Being agriculture dependent area (almost no/negligible industry), there is extreme shortage of canal water and it is the major reason for poor economic conditions of the farmers here as it is purely irrigated land (rainfall is very rare or uneven during the year). Lack of good quality drinking water is the cause of poor health of the inhabitants.
Hospitals: about ten public and private hospitals but good child specialists and cardiologists are not available.
Education: There are many colleges and schools in the area that is why the education level is growing in this area.
Communication: Internet, mobile phone service, fixed line phones are available and are of very good quality.
Roads: Paved roads connecting rural areas to the city. Samundri is also connected to Faisalabad, Gojra, Okara and Rajana with excellent quality roads. There are two major highways which connect Faisalabad to Multan, Rahim Yar Khan, etc. They are Samundri Road and Jhang road. Samundri city east part comprises those villages, whose most population is in gulf states, and the its western parts peoples are in Europe. The people of samundri city are very civilized, they are considered to be the rich people at an average in Pakistan. Qudrat Ullah Shahab in his famous novel Shahab Nama wrote about his mother who lived in Chak No. 507GB. Which was then in Samundri tehsil.
The Indian Kapoor family is of Punjabi Hindu origin is originally from Sanundari Tehsil. Prithviraj Kapoor was the first from the family to pursue a career in films. He was born in 1906 in the town of Samundri in Punjab Province, British India. His grandfather, Keshavmal Kapoor, was a Tehsildar in Samundri, Punjab, British India.
- Samundri - Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 22, p. 26
- Dube, I. &. S. (2009). From ancient to modern: Religion, power, and community in India hardcover. Oxford University Press.