Shish or Şiş come from old Turkish and means skewer in Turkish (it has been adopted in Lebanese-Arabic and Syrian-Arabic dialects, although seekh is the word for skewer in classical Arabic); and tavuk (pronounced "tah-wouk") comes from old TurkicTakagu means chicken.
The dish consists of cubes of chicken that are marinated, then skewered and grilled. Common marinades are based upon yogurt and lemon juice or tomato puree, though there are many variations. Shish taouk is typically eaten with toum (garlic paste).
The dish is eaten either as a sandwich or on a platter with vegetables, sometimes with rice or French fries. The Turkish version is generally served with rice and a garlic paste along with vegetables. The Lebanese version is usually served with hummus and tabbouleh. The sandwich version comes in a flat bread or pita seasoned with garlic paste, frequently accompanied by lettuce, tomatoes, and pickled turnips.