Solar eclipse of August 30, 1905

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Solar eclipse of August 30, 1905
SE1905Aug30T.png
Map
Type of eclipse
NatureTotal
Gamma0.5708
Magnitude1.0477
Maximum eclipse
Duration226 sec (3 m 46 s)
Coordinates42°30′N 4°18′W / 42.5°N 4.3°W / 42.5; -4.3
Max. width of band192 km (119 mi)
Times (UTC)
Greatest eclipse13:07:26
References
Saros143 (17 of 72)
Catalog # (SE5000)9293

A total solar eclipse occurred on August 30, 1905. A solar eclipse occurs when the Moon passes between Earth and the Sun, thereby totally or partly obscuring the image of the Sun for a viewer on Earth. A total solar eclipse occurs when the Moon's apparent diameter is larger than the Sun's, blocking all direct sunlight, turning day into darkness. Totality occurs in a narrow path across Earth's surface, with the partial solar eclipse visible over a surrounding region thousands of kilometres wide. Totality was visible from Canada, Newfoundland Colony (now belonging to Canada), Spain, French Algeria (now Algeria), French Tunisia (now Tunisia), Ottoman Tripolitania (now Libya) include the capital Tripoli, Egypt, Ottoman Empire (the parts now belonging to Saudi Arabia) include Mecca, Emirate of Jabal Shammar (now belonging to Saudi Arabia), Aden Protectorate (now belonging to Yemen), and Muscat and Oman (now Oman).

Scientists came from all over the world to Alcalà de Xivert in Spain to watch the eclipse on August 30, 1905.[1]

Related eclipses[edit]

Solar eclipses of 1902–1907[edit]

This eclipse is a member of a semester series. An eclipse in a semester series of solar eclipses repeats approximately every 177 days and 4 hours (a semester) at alternating nodes of the Moon's orbit.[2]

Solar 143[edit]

It is a part of Saros cycle 143, repeating every 18 years, 11 days, containing 72 events. The series started with partial solar eclipse on March 7, 1617 and total event from June 24, 1797 through October 24, 1995. It has hybrid eclipses from November 3, 2013 through December 6, 2067, and annular eclipses from December 16, 2085 through September 16, 2536. The series ends at member 72 as a partial eclipse on April 23, 2873. The longest duration of totality was 3 minutes, 50 seconds on August 19, 1887. All eclipses in this series occurs at the Moon’s ascending node.

Inex series[edit]

This eclipse is a part of the long period inex cycle, repeating at alternating nodes, every 358 synodic months (≈ 10,571.95 days, or 29 years minus 20 days). Their appearance and longitude are irregular due to a lack of synchronization with the anomalistic month (period of perigee). However, groupings of 3 inex cycles (≈ 87 years minus 2 months) comes close (≈ 1,151.02 anomalistic months), so eclipses are similar in these groupings. In the 19th century:

• Solar Saros 140: Total Solar Eclipse of 1818 Oct 29

• Solar Saros 141: Annular Solar Eclipse of 1847 Oct 09

• Solar Saros 142: Total Solar Eclipse of 1876 Sep 17

In the 22nd century:

Solar Saros 150: Partial Solar Eclipse of 2108 Apr 11

Solar Saros 151: Annular Solar Eclipse of 2137 Mar 21

Solar Saros 152: Total Solar Eclipse of 2166 Mar 02

Solar Saros 153: Annular Solar Eclipse of 2195 Feb 10

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Fabricio Cardenas, Vieux papiers des Pyrénées-Orientales, Eclipse solaire de 1905 à Perpignan, 20 March 2015
  2. ^ van Gent, R.H. "Solar- and Lunar-Eclipse Predictions from Antiquity to the Present". A Catalogue of Eclipse Cycles. Utrecht University. Retrieved 6 October 2018.

References[edit]