Solar eclipse of April 8, 2024

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Solar eclipse of April 8, 2024
SE2024Apr08T.png
Map
Type of eclipse
NatureTotal
Gamma0.3431
Magnitude1.0566
Maximum eclipse
Duration268 sec (4 m 28 s)
LocationNazas, Durango, Mexico
Coordinates25°18′N 104°06′W / 25.3°N 104.1°W / 25.3; -104.1
Max. width of band198 km (123 mi)
Times (UTC)
(P1) Partial begin15:42:07
(U1) Total begin16:38:44
Greatest eclipse18:18:29
(U4) Total end19:55:29
(P4) Partial end20:52:14
References
Saros139 (30 of 71)
Catalog # (SE5000)9561

A total solar eclipse will take place at the Moon's ascending node on Monday, April 8, 2024, visible across North America and dubbed the Great North American Eclipse (also Great American Total Solar Eclipse and Great American Eclipse) by some of the media.[1][2][3] A solar eclipse occurs when the Moon passes between Earth and the Sun, thereby obscuring the image of the Sun for a viewer on Earth. A total solar eclipse occurs when the Moon's apparent diameter is larger than the Sun's, blocking all direct sunlight, turning day into darkness. Totality occurs in a narrow path across Earth's surface, with the partial solar eclipse visible over a surrounding region thousands of kilometres wide.

Occurring only one day after perigee (perigee on April 7, 2024), the Moon's apparent diameter will be larger than usual. With a magnitude of 1.0566, its longest duration of totality will be of four minutes and 28.13 seconds near the town of Nazas, Durango, Mexico (~6 km north), and the nearby city of Torreón, Coahuila.

This eclipse will be the first total solar eclipse to be visible in Canada since February 26, 1979,[4] the first in Mexico since July 11, 1991,[5] and the first in the U.S. since August 21, 2017. It will be the only total solar eclipse in the 21st century where totality will be visible in the three-state set of Mexico, the United States, and Canada.[6]

The next solar eclipse occurs October 2, 2024.

Visibility[edit]

Animation of path

Totality will be visible in a narrow strip in North America, beginning at the Pacific coast, then ascending in a northeasterly direction through Mexico, the United States, and Canada, before ending in the Atlantic Ocean.

Mexico[edit]

In Mexico, totality will pass through the states of Sinaloa (including Mazatlán), Durango (including Durango and Gómez Palacio) and Coahuila (including Torreón, Matamoros, Monclova, Sabinas, Ciudad Acuña and Piedras Negras).

United States[edit]

In the United States, totality will be visible through the states of Texas (including parts of San Antonio, Austin, and Fort Worth and all of Arlington, Dallas, Killeen, Temple, Texarkana, Tyler and Waco), Oklahoma, Arkansas (including Hot Springs, Jonesboro, and Little Rock), Missouri, Illinois (including Carbondale, where it intersects the path of the 2017 eclipse), Kentucky, Indiana (including Bloomington, Evansville, Indianapolis, Muncie, Terre Haute, and Vincennes), Ohio (including Akron, Dayton, Lima, Roundhead, Toledo, Cleveland, Warren, Newton Falls and Austintown), Michigan (extreme southeastern corner of Monroe County), Pennsylvania (including Erie), Upstate New York (including Buffalo, Niagara Falls, Rochester, Syracuse, the Adirondacks, Potsdam, and Plattsburgh), and northern Vermont (including Burlington), New Hampshire, and Maine,[7][8] with the line of totality going almost directly over the state's highest point Mount Katahdin.[citation needed] The largest city entirely in the path will be Dallas, Texas. It will be the second total eclipse visible from the central United States in just 7 years, after the eclipse of August 21, 2017. Totality will pass through the town of Wapakoneta, Ohio, home of Neil Armstrong, the first person to set foot upon the Moon.

Canada[edit]

In Canada, the path of totality will pass over parts of Southern Ontario (including Leamington, Hamilton, Niagara Falls, Kingston, Prince Edward County, and Cornwall), parts of southern Quebec (including Montreal, Sherbrooke, Saint-Georges and Lac-Mégantic), central New Brunswick (including Fredericton and Miramichi),[10] western Prince Edward Island (including Tignish and Summerside),[11] the northern tip of Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia,[12] and central Newfoundland (including Gander and Grand Falls-Windsor). Then, it will vanish on the eastern Atlantic coast of Newfoundland. (Some of the Canadian cities listed, such as Hamilton and Montreal, are on an edge of the path of totality. Windsor, London, Toronto and Ottawa lie just north of the path of totality, and Moncton lies just south of it.)

Europe[edit]

The eclipse will be partially seen in Svalbard (Norway), in Iceland, Ireland, west parts of Great Britain, north-west parts of Spain and Portugal, the Azores and Canary Islands.[13]

Related eclipses[edit]

The path of this eclipse will cross the path of the prior total solar eclipse of August 21, 2017, with the intersection of the two paths being in southern Illinois, in Makanda, just south of Carbondale.[14] The cities of Benton, Carbondale, Chester, Harrisburg, Marion, and Metropolis in Illinois; Cape Girardeau, Farmington, and Perryville in Missouri, as well as Paducah, Kentucky, will be within a roughly 9,000-square-mile (23,000 km2) intersection of the paths of totality of both the 2017 and 2024 eclipses, therefore earning the distinction of being witness to two total solar eclipses within a span of seven years.

Eclipses of 2024[edit]

Solar eclipses 2022–2025[edit]

This eclipse is a member of a semester series. An eclipse in a semester series of solar eclipses repeats approximately every 177 days and 4 hours (a semester) at alternating nodes of the Moon's orbit.[15]

Solar eclipse series sets from 2022–2025
Ascending node   Descending node
Saros Map Gamma Saros Map Gamma
119 2022 April 30
SE2022Apr30P.png
Partial
-1.19008 124 2022 October 25
SE2022Oct25P.png
Partial
1.07014
129 2023 April 20
SE2023Apr20H.png
Hybrid
-0.39515 134 2023 October 14
SE2023Oct14A.png
Annular
0.37534
139 2024 April 8
SE2024Apr08T.png
Total
0.34314 144 2024 October 2
SE2024Oct02A.png
Annular
-0.35087
149 2025 March 29
SE2025Mar29P.png
Partial
1.04053 154 2025 September 21
SE2025Sep21P.png
Partial
-1.06509

Saros 139[edit]

It is a part of saros series 139, repeating every 18 years, 11 days, 8 hours, containing 71 events. The series started with partial solar eclipse on May 17, 1501. It contains hybrid eclipses on August 11, 1627 through to December 9, 1825 and total eclipses from December 21, 1843 through to March 26, 2601. The series ends at member 71 as a partial eclipse on July 3, 2763. Its eclipses are entabulated in three columns; each one in the same column, every third eclipse, is one exeligmos apart so cast shadows over approximately the same parts of the earth.

The solar eclipse of June 13, 2132 will be the longest total solar eclipse since July 11, 1991 at 6 minutes, 55.02 seconds.

The longest duration of totality will be produced by member 39 at 7 minutes, 29.22 seconds on July 16, 2186.[16] After that date each duration will decrease, until the series end. This date is the longest solar eclipse computed between 4000BC and 6000AD.[17] Saros series eclipses are during the Moon’s ascending node (a term related to our equator and polar-naming conventions).

Series members 24–45 occur between 1901 and 2300
24 25 26
SE1916Feb03T.png
February 3, 1916
SE1934Feb14T.png
February 14, 1934
SE1952Feb25T.png
February 25, 1952
27 28 29
SE1970Mar07T.png
March 7, 1970
SE1988Mar18T.png
March 18, 1988
SE2006Mar29T.png
March 29, 2006
30 31 32
SE2024Apr08T.png
April 8, 2024
SE2042Apr20T.png
April 20, 2042
SE2060Apr30T.png
April 30, 2060
33 34 35
SE2078May11T.png
May 11, 2078
SE2096May22T.png
May 22, 2096
SE2114Jun03T.png
June 3, 2114
36 37 38
SE2132Jun13T.png
June 13, 2132
SE2150Jun25T.png
June 25, 2150
SE2168Jul05T.png
July 5, 2168
39 40 41
SE2186Jul16T.png
July 16, 2186
SE2204Jul27T.png
July 27, 2204
SE2222Aug08T.png
August 8, 2222
42 43 44
SE2240Aug18T.png
August 18, 2240
SE2258Aug29T.png
August 29, 2258
SE2276Sep09T.png
September 9, 2276
45
SE2294Sep20T.png
September 20, 2294

Tritos series[edit]

This eclipse is a part of a tritos cycle, repeating at alternating nodes every 135 synodic months (≈ 3986.63 days, or 11 years minus 1 month). Their appearance and longitude are irregular due to a lack of synchronization with the anomalistic month (period of perigee), but groupings of 3 tritos cycles (≈ 33 years minus 3 months) come close (≈ 434.044 anomalistic months), so eclipses are similar in these groupings.

Series members between 1801 and 2100
SE1805Dec21A.gif
December 21, 1805
(Saros 119)
SE1816Nov19T.gif
November 19, 1816
(Saros 120)
SE1827Oct20H.gif
October 20, 1827
(Saros 121)
SE1838Sep18A.gif
September 18, 1838
(Saros 122)
SE1849Aug18T.gif
August 18, 1849
(Saros 123)
SE1860Jul18T.gif
July 18, 1860
(Saros 124)
SE1871Jun18A.gif
June 18, 1871
(Saros 125)
SE1882May17T.png
May 17, 1882
(Saros 126)
SE1893Apr16T.png
April 16, 1893
(Saros 127)
SE1904Mar17A.png
March 17, 1904
(Saros 128)
SE1915Feb14A.png
February 14, 1915
(Saros 129)
SE1926Jan14T.png
January 14, 1926
(Saros 130)
SE1936Dec13A.png
December 13, 1936
(Saros 131)
SE1947Nov12A.png
November 12, 1947
(Saros 132)
SE1958Oct12T.png
October 12, 1958
(Saros 133)
SE1969Sep11A.png
September 11, 1969
(Saros 134)
SE1980Aug10A.png
August 10, 1980
(Saros 135)
SE1991Jul11T.png
July 11, 1991
(Saros 136)
SE2002Jun10A.png
June 10, 2002
(Saros 137)
SE2013May10A.png
May 10, 2013
(Saros 138)
SE2024Apr08T.png
April 8, 2024
(Saros 139)
SE2035Mar09A.png
March 9, 2035
(Saros 140)
SE2046Feb05A.png
February 5, 2046
(Saros 141)
SE2057Jan05T.png
January 5, 2057
(Saros 142)
SE2067Dec06H.png
December 6, 2067
(Saros 143)
SE2078Nov04A.png
November 4, 2078
(Saros 144)
SE2089Oct04T.png
October 4, 2089
(Saros 145)
SE2100Sep04T.png
September 4, 2100
(Saros 146)

In the 22nd century:

  • Solar saros 147: annular solar eclipse of August 4, 2111
  • Solar saros 148: total solar eclipse of July 4, 2122
  • Solar saros 149: total solar eclipse of June 3, 2133
  • Solar saros 150: annular solar eclipse of May 3, 2144
  • Solar saros 151: annular solar eclipse of April 2, 2155
  • Solar saros 152: total solar eclipse of March 2, 2166
  • Solar saros 153: annular solar eclipse of January 29, 2177
  • Solar saros 154: annular solar eclipse of December 29, 2187
  • Solar saros 155: total solar eclipse of November 28, 2198

In the 23rd century:

  • Solar saros 156: annular solar eclipse of October 29, 2209
  • Solar saros 157: annular solar eclipse of September 27, 2220
  • Solar saros 158: total solar eclipse of August 28, 2231
  • Solar saros 159: partial solar eclipse of July 28, 2242
  • Solar saros 160: partial solar eclipse of June 26, 2253
  • Solar saros 161: partial solar eclipse of May 26, 2264
  • Solar saros 162: partial solar eclipse of April 26, 2275
  • Solar saros 163: partial solar eclipse of March 25, 2286
  • Solar saros 164: partial solar eclipse of February 22, 2297

Metonic series[edit]

The metonic series repeats eclipses every 19 years (6939.69 days), lasting about 5 cycles. Eclipses occur in nearly the same calendar date. In addition, the octon subseries repeats 1/5 of that or every 3.8 years (1387.94 days). All eclipses in this table occur at the Moon's ascending node.

21 eclipse events between June 21, 1982, and June 21, 2058
June 21 April 8–9 January 26 November 13–14 September 1–2
107 109 111 113 115
June 21, 1963 April 9, 1967 January 26, 1971 November 14, 1974 September 2, 1978
117 119 121 123 125
SE1982Jun21P.png
June 21, 1982
SE1986Apr09P.png
April 9, 1986
SE1990Jan26A.png
January 26, 1990
SE1993Nov13P.png
November 13, 1993
SE1997Sep02P.png
September 2, 1997
127 129 131 133 135
SE2001Jun21T.png
June 21, 2001
SE2005Apr08H.png
April 8, 2005
SE2009Jan26A.png
January 26, 2009
SE2012Nov13T.png
November 13, 2012
SE2016Sep01A.png
September 1, 2016
137 139 141 143 145
SE2020Jun21A.png
June 21, 2020
SE2024Apr08T.png
April 8, 2024
SE2028Jan26A.png
January 26, 2028
SE2031Nov14H.png
November 14, 2031
SE2035Sep02T.png
September 2, 2035
147 149 151 153 155
SE2039Jun21A.png
June 21, 2039
SE2043Apr09T.png
April 9, 2043
SE2047Jan26P.png
January 26, 2047
SE2050Nov14P.png
November 14, 2050
SE2054Sep02P.png
September 2, 2054
157
SE2058Jun21P.png
June 21, 2058

Other solar eclipses crossing the United States[edit]

Notable total and annular solar eclipse crossing the United States from 1900 to 2050:

Total Annular Total Total Annular Annular Total Annular Total Total Annular
SE1918Jun08T.png
Jun 8, 1918
SE1951Sep01A.png
Sep 1, 1951
SE1954Jun30T.png
Jun 30, 1954
SE1979Feb26T.png
Feb 26, 1979
SE1984May30A.png
May 30, 1984
SE1994May10A.png
May 10, 1994
SE2017Aug21T.png
Aug 21, 2017
SE2023Oct14A.png
Oct 14, 2023
SE2024Apr08T.png
Apr 8, 2024
SE2045Aug12T.png
Aug 12, 2045
SE2048Jun11A.png
Jun 11, 2048

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Jamie Carter (April 8, 2019). "Countdown Begins To 'Great North American Eclipse', The Longest, Darkest and Best For 21 Years". Forbes. Retrieved February 27, 2020.
  2. ^ Doris Elin Urrutia (August 21, 2019). "It's Not Too Early to Plan for the Great American Total Solar Eclipse of 2024". Space.com. Retrieved February 27, 2020.
  3. ^ Sebastian Kettley (August 23, 2019). "Solar eclipse: Another 'Great American Eclipse' is coming - Get ready for solar spectacle". London: Daily Express / Sunday Express. Retrieved February 27, 2020.
  4. ^ Dickinson, Terence (August 3, 2017). "Canada's last solar eclipse in 1979". Maclean's. Archived from the original on August 12, 2017. Retrieved August 24, 2017.
  5. ^ Total Solar Eclipse in Mexico, 1991 (in Spanish). National Autonomous University of Mexico. 1991. ISBN 9789683617613. Retrieved 2009-04-02.
  6. ^ "Location of Total Solar Eclipse of April 8, 2024". GreatAmericanEclipse.com. Retrieved 9 September 2017.
  7. ^ Gore, Leada (August 22, 2017). "Solar eclipse 2024: Best U.S. cities to see the next total solar eclipse". The Birmingham News. Retrieved February 11, 2018.
  8. ^ Eliasen, Terry (August 21, 2017). "Next Solar Eclipse Puts New England in Path Of Totality". CBS Boston. Retrieved February 11, 2018.
  9. ^ "Village of Forest, Ohio - 2024 Eclipse".
  10. ^ Fowler, Shane (August 23, 2017). "Prime location to view total eclipse in 7 years? New Brunswick". CBC News. Woodstock and Miramichi will spend the most time in the dark with totality durations of 3:17 and 3:09. Fredericton will experience about 2:21 minutes of totality. Moncton, Saint John and Bathurst will just miss out on experiencing a total technical blackout, but will still see 98 to 99 per cent of the sun disappear.
  11. ^ Yarr, Kevin (August 23, 2017). "P.E.I. on the path for 2024 total solar eclipse". CBC News. Retrieved August 29, 2017. Totality will cover the Island from about Summerside and west, with the centre of the path crossing over North Cape.
  12. ^ "NASA - Total Solar Eclipse of 2024 Apr 08". March 27, 2008. Archived from the original on 2008-03-27.
  13. ^ "Eclipse Path of Total Solar Eclipse on April 8, 2024". www.timeanddate.com.
  14. ^ "Total Solar Eclipse 2017 - Path Overlap with the 2024 Eclipse". eclipse2017.org. Retrieved 2017-09-01.
  15. ^ van Gent, R.H. "Solar- and Lunar-Eclipse Predictions from Antiquity to the Present". A Catalogue of Eclipse Cycles. Utrecht University. Retrieved 6 October 2018.
  16. ^ Saros Series Catalog of Solar Eclipses NASA Eclipse Web Site.
  17. ^ Ten Millennium Catalog of Long Solar Eclipses, -3999 to +6000 (4000 BCE to 6000 CE) Fred Espenak.

External links[edit]