Solar eclipse of May 10, 2013

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Solar eclipse of May 10, 2013
Annular Solar Eclipse May 10 2013 Northern Territory Australia.JPG
Annularity viewed from Churchills Head, Australia.
SE2013May10A.png
Map
Type of eclipse
NatureAnnular
Gamma-0.2694
Magnitude0.9544
Maximum eclipse
Duration363 sec (6 m 3 s)
Coordinates2°12′N 175°30′E / 2.2°N 175.5°E / 2.2; 175.5
Max. width of band173 km (107 mi)
Times (UTC)
(P1) Partial begin21:25:10
(U1) Total begin22:30:34
Greatest eclipse0:26:20
(U4) Total end2:19:58
(P4) Partial end3:25:23
References
Saros138 (31 of 70)
Catalog # (SE5000)9537

An annular solar eclipse took place at the Moon's descending node of the orbit on May 9–10 (UTC), 2013, with a magnitude of 0.9544. A solar eclipse occurs when the Moon passes between Earth and the Sun, thereby totally or partly obscuring the image of the Sun for a viewer on Earth. An annular solar eclipse occurs when the Moon's apparent diameter is smaller than the Sun's, blocking most of the Sun's light and causing the Sun to look like an annulus (ring). An annular eclipse appears as a partial eclipse over a region of the Earth thousands of kilometres wide.

It was the 31st eclipse of the 138th Saros cycle, which began with a partial eclipse on June 6, 1472 and will conclude with a partial eclipse on July 11, 2716.

Visibility[edit]

SolarEclipse2013May10A.GIF
Animation of eclipse path

Annularity was visible from a 171 to 225 kilometre-wide track that traversed Australia, eastern Papua New Guinea, the Solomon Islands, and the Gilbert Islands, with the maximum of 6 minutes 3 seconds visible from the Pacific Ocean east of French Polynesia.

Images[edit]

Related eclipses[edit]

Eclipses of 2013[edit]

Solar eclipses 2011–2014[edit]

This eclipse is a member of the 2011–2014 solar eclipse semester series. An eclipse in a semester series of solar eclipses repeats approximately every 177 days and 4 hours (a semester) at alternating nodes of the Moon's orbit.[1][Note 1]

Solar eclipse series sets from 2011–2014
Descending node   Ascending node
Saros Map Gamma Saros Map Gamma
118
Partial solar eclipse Tromsø 2011-05-31 (cropped).jpg
Partial from Tromsø, Norway
2011 June 01
SE2011Jun01P.png
Partial (north)
1.2130 123 2011 November 25
SE2011Nov25P.png
Partial (south)
-1.0536
128
Annular Eclipse. Taken from Middlegate, Nevada on May 20, 2012.jpg
Middlegate, Nevada
2012 May 20
SE2012May20A.png
Annular
0.4828 133
Total Solar Eclipse in Cairns, Australia (23689065446).jpg
Cairns, Australia
2012 November 13
SE2012Nov13T.png
Total
-0.3719
138
Annular Solar Eclipse May 10 2013 Northern Territory Australia.JPG
Churchills Head, Australia
2013 May 10
SE2013May10A.png
Annular
-0.2693 143
2013 Solar Eclipse Libreville.JPG
Partial from Libreville, Gabon
2013 November 03
SE2013Nov03H.png
Hybrid
0.3271
148
Partial Solar Eclipse April 29th 2014 (13898733668) cropped.jpg
Partial from Adelaide, Australia
2014 April 29
SE2014Apr29A.png
Annular (non-central)
-0.9999 153
Partial solar eclipse Oct 23 2014 Minneapolis 5-36pm Ruen1.png
Partial from Minneapolis
2014 October 23
SE2014Oct23P.png
Partial (north)
1.0908

Saros 138[edit]

It is a part of Saros cycle 138, repeating every 18 years, 11 days, containing 70 events. The series started with partial solar eclipse on June 6, 1472. It contains annular eclipses from August 31, 1598 through February 18, 2482 with a hybrid eclipse on March 1, 2500. It has total eclipses from March 12, 2518 through April 3, 2554. The series ends at member 70 as a partial eclipse on July 11, 2716. The longest duration of totality will be only 56 seconds on April 3, 2554.

Inex series[edit]

This eclipse is a part of the long period inex cycle, repeating at alternating nodes, every 358 synodic months (≈ 10,571.95 days, or 29 years minus 20 days). Their appearance and longitude are irregular due to a lack of synchronization with the anomalistic month (period of perigee). However, groupings of 3 inex cycles (≈ 87 years minus 2 months) comes close (≈ 1,151.02 anomalistic months), so eclipses are similar in these groupings.

Tritos series[edit]

This eclipse is a part of a tritos cycle, repeating at alternating nodes every 135 synodic months (≈ 3986.63 days, or 11 years minus 1 month). Their appearance and longitude are irregular due to a lack of synchronization with the anomalistic month (period of perigee), but groupings of 3 tritos cycles (≈ 33 years minus 3 months) come close (≈ 434.044 anomalistic months), so eclipses are similar in these groupings.

Series members between 1801 and 2100
SE1805Dec21A.gif
December 21, 1805
(Saros 119)
SE1816Nov19T.gif
November 19, 1816
(Saros 120)
SE1827Oct20H.gif
October 20, 1827
(Saros 121)
SE1838Sep18A.gif
September 18, 1838
(Saros 122)
SE1849Aug18T.gif
August 18, 1849
(Saros 123)
SE1860Jul18T.gif
July 18, 1860
(Saros 124)
SE1871Jun18A.gif
June 18, 1871
(Saros 125)
SE1882May17T.png
May 17, 1882
(Saros 126)
SE1893Apr16T.png
April 16, 1893
(Saros 127)
SE1904Mar17A.png
March 17, 1904
(Saros 128)
SE1915Feb14A.png
February 14, 1915
(Saros 129)
SE1926Jan14T.png
January 14, 1926
(Saros 130)
SE1936Dec13A.png
December 13, 1936
(Saros 131)
SE1947Nov12A.png
November 12, 1947
(Saros 132)
SE1958Oct12T.png
October 12, 1958
(Saros 133)
SE1969Sep11A.png
September 11, 1969
(Saros 134)
SE1980Aug10A.png
August 10, 1980
(Saros 135)
SE1991Jul11T.png
July 11, 1991
(Saros 136)
SE2002Jun10A.png
June 10, 2002
(Saros 137)
SE2013May10A.png
May 10, 2013
(Saros 138)
SE2024Apr08T.png
April 8, 2024
(Saros 139)
SE2035Mar09A.png
March 9, 2035
(Saros 140)
SE2046Feb05A.png
February 5, 2046
(Saros 141)
SE2057Jan05T.png
January 5, 2057
(Saros 142)
SE2067Dec06H.png
December 6, 2067
(Saros 143)
SE2078Nov04A.png
November 4, 2078
(Saros 144)
SE2089Oct04T.png
October 4, 2089
(Saros 145)
SE2100Sep04T.png
September 4, 2100
(Saros 146)

In the 22nd century:

  • Solar saros 147: annular solar eclipse of August 4, 2111
  • Solar saros 148: total solar eclipse of July 4, 2122
  • Solar saros 149: total solar eclipse of June 3, 2133
  • Solar saros 150: annular solar eclipse of May 3, 2144
  • Solar saros 151: annular solar eclipse of April 2, 2155
  • Solar saros 152: total solar eclipse of March 2, 2166
  • Solar saros 153: annular solar eclipse of January 29, 2177
  • Solar saros 154: annular solar eclipse of December 29, 2187
  • Solar saros 155: total solar eclipse of November 28, 2198

In the 23rd century:

  • Solar saros 156: annular solar eclipse of October 29, 2209
  • Solar saros 157: annular solar eclipse of September 27, 2220
  • Solar saros 158: total solar eclipse of August 28, 2231
  • Solar saros 159: partial solar eclipse of July 28, 2242
  • Solar saros 160: partial solar eclipse of June 26, 2253
  • Solar saros 161: partial solar eclipse of May 26, 2264
  • Solar saros 162: partial solar eclipse of April 26, 2275
  • Solar saros 163: partial solar eclipse of March 25, 2286
  • Solar saros 164: partial solar eclipse of February 22, 2297

Metonic cycle[edit]

The metonic series repeats eclipses every 19 years (6939.69 days), lasting about 5 cycles. Eclipses occur in nearly the same calendar date. In addition, the octon subseries repeats 1/5 of that or every 3.8 years (1387.94 days). All eclipses in this table occur at the Moon's descending node.

21 events between July 22, 1971 and July 22, 2047
July 21–22 May 9–11 February 26–27 December 14–15 October 2–3
116 118 120 122 124
SE1971Jul22P.png
July 22, 1971
SE1975May11P.png
May 11, 1975
SE1979Feb26T.png
February 26, 1979
SE1982Dec15P.png
December 15, 1982
SE1986Oct03H.png
October 3, 1986
126 128 130 132 134
SE1990Jul22T.png
July 22, 1990
SE1994May10A.png
May 10, 1994
SE1998Feb26T.png
February 26, 1998
SE2001Dec14A.png
December 14, 2001
SE2005Oct03A.png
October 3, 2005
136 138 140 142 144
SE2009Jul22T.png
July 22, 2009
SE2013May10A.png
May 10, 2013
SE2017Feb26A.png
February 26, 2017
SE2020Dec14T.png
December 14, 2020
SE2024Oct02A.png
October 2, 2024
146 148 150 152 154
SE2028Jul22T.png
July 22, 2028
SE2032May09A.png
May 9, 2032
SE2036Feb27P.png
February 27, 2036
SE2039Dec15T.png
December 15, 2039
SE2043Oct03A.png
October 3, 2043
156
SE2047Jul22P.png
July 22, 2047

References[edit]

  1. ^ van Gent, R.H. "Solar- and Lunar-Eclipse Predictions from Antiquity to the Present". A Catalogue of Eclipse Cycles. Utrecht University. Retrieved 6 October 2018.
  1. ^ The partial solar eclipses of January 4, 2011 and July 1, 2011 occurred in the previous semester series.