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Solar eclipse of May 10, 2013

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Solar eclipse of May 10, 2013
Annularity viewed from Churchills Head, Australia.
Map
Type of eclipse
NatureAnnular
Gamma−0.2694
Magnitude0.9544
Maximum eclipse
Duration363 s (6 min 3 s)
Coordinates2°12′N 175°30′E / 2.2°N 175.5°E / 2.2; 175.5
Max. width of band173 km (107 mi)
Times (UTC)
(P1) Partial begin21:25:10
(U1) Total begin22:30:34
Greatest eclipse0:26:20
(U4) Total end2:19:58
(P4) Partial end3:25:23
References
Saros138 (31 of 70)
Catalog # (SE5000)9537

An annular solar eclipse occurred at the Moon's descending node of the orbit between Thursday, May 9 and Friday, May 10, 2013,[1][2] with a magnitude of 0.9544. A solar eclipse occurs when the Moon passes between Earth and the Sun, thereby totally or partly obscuring the image of the Sun for a viewer on Earth. An annular solar eclipse occurs when the Moon's apparent diameter is smaller than the Sun's, blocking most of the Sun's light and causing the Sun to look like an annulus (ring). An annular eclipse appears as a partial eclipse over a region of the Earth thousands of kilometres wide.

It was the 31st eclipse of the 138th Saros cycle, which began with a partial eclipse on June 6, 1472 and will conclude with a partial eclipse on July 11, 2716.

Visibility[edit]


Animation of eclipse path

Annularity was visible from a 171 to 225 kilometre-wide track that traversed Australia, eastern Papua New Guinea, the Solomon Islands, and the Gilbert Islands, with the maximum of 6 minutes 3 seconds visible from the Pacific Ocean east of French Polynesia.

Images[edit]

Related eclipses[edit]

Eclipses of 2013[edit]

Solar eclipses 2011–2014[edit]

This eclipse is a member of the 2011–2014 solar eclipse semester series. An eclipse in a semester series of solar eclipses repeats approximately every 177 days and 4 hours (a semester) at alternating nodes of the Moon's orbit.[3][Note 1]

Solar eclipse series sets from 2011 to 2014
Descending node   Ascending node
Saros Map Gamma Saros Map Gamma
118

Partial from Tromsø, Norway
2011 June 01

Partial (north)
1.21300 123

Hinode XRT footage
2011 November 25

Partial (south)
−1.05359
128

Middlegate, Nevada
2012 May 20

Annular
0.48279 133

Cairns, Australia
2012 November 13

Total
−0.37189
138

Churchills Head, Australia
2013 May 10

Annular
−0.26937 143

Partial from Libreville, Gabon
2013 November 03

Hybrid
0.32715
148

Partial from Adelaide, Australia
2014 April 29

Annular (non-central)
−0.99996 153

Partial from Minneapolis
2014 October 23

Partial (north)
1.09078

Saros 138[edit]

It is a part of Saros cycle 138, repeating every 18 years, 11 days, containing 70 events. The series started with partial solar eclipse on June 6, 1472. It contains annular eclipses from August 31, 1598 through February 18, 2482 with a hybrid eclipse on March 1, 2500. It has total eclipses from March 12, 2518 through April 3, 2554. The series ends at member 70 as a partial eclipse on July 11, 2716. The longest duration of totality will be only 56 seconds on April 3, 2554.

Inex series[edit]

This eclipse is a part of the long period inex cycle, repeating at alternating nodes, every 358 synodic months (≈ 10,571.95 days, or 29 years minus 20 days). Their appearance and longitude are irregular due to a lack of synchronization with the anomalistic month (period of perigee). However, groupings of 3 inex cycles (≈ 87 years minus 2 months) comes close (≈ 1,151.02 anomalistic months), so eclipses are similar in these groupings.

Tritos series[edit]

This eclipse is a part of a tritos cycle, repeating at alternating nodes every 135 synodic months (≈ 3986.63 days, or 11 years minus 1 month). Their appearance and longitude are irregular due to a lack of synchronization with the anomalistic month (period of perigee), but groupings of 3 tritos cycles (≈ 33 years minus 3 months) come close (≈ 434.044 anomalistic months), so eclipses are similar in these groupings.

Series members between 1801 and 2100

December 21, 1805
(Saros 119)

November 19, 1816
(Saros 120)

October 20, 1827
(Saros 121)

September 18, 1838
(Saros 122)

August 18, 1849
(Saros 123)

July 18, 1860
(Saros 124)

June 18, 1871
(Saros 125)

May 17, 1882
(Saros 126)

April 16, 1893
(Saros 127)

March 17, 1904
(Saros 128)

February 14, 1915
(Saros 129)

January 14, 1926
(Saros 130)

December 13, 1936
(Saros 131)

November 12, 1947
(Saros 132)

October 12, 1958
(Saros 133)

September 11, 1969
(Saros 134)

August 10, 1980
(Saros 135)

July 11, 1991
(Saros 136)

June 10, 2002
(Saros 137)

May 10, 2013
(Saros 138)

April 8, 2024
(Saros 139)

March 9, 2035
(Saros 140)

February 5, 2046
(Saros 141)

January 5, 2057
(Saros 142)

December 6, 2067
(Saros 143)

November 4, 2078
(Saros 144)

October 4, 2089
(Saros 145)

September 4, 2100
(Saros 146)

In the 22nd century:

  • Solar saros 147: annular solar eclipse of August 4, 2111
  • Solar saros 148: total solar eclipse of July 4, 2122
  • Solar saros 149: total solar eclipse of June 3, 2133
  • Solar saros 150: annular solar eclipse of May 3, 2144
  • Solar saros 151: annular solar eclipse of April 2, 2155
  • Solar saros 152: total solar eclipse of March 2, 2166
  • Solar saros 153: annular solar eclipse of January 29, 2177
  • Solar saros 154: annular solar eclipse of December 29, 2187
  • Solar saros 155: total solar eclipse of November 28, 2198

In the 23rd century:

  • Solar saros 156: annular solar eclipse of October 29, 2209
  • Solar saros 157: annular solar eclipse of September 27, 2220
  • Solar saros 158: total solar eclipse of August 28, 2231
  • Solar saros 159: partial solar eclipse of July 28, 2242
  • Solar saros 160: partial solar eclipse of June 26, 2253
  • Solar saros 161: partial solar eclipse of May 26, 2264
  • Solar saros 162: partial solar eclipse of April 26, 2275
  • Solar saros 163: partial solar eclipse of March 25, 2286
  • Solar saros 164: partial solar eclipse of February 22, 2297

Metonic cycle[edit]

The metonic series repeats eclipses every 19 years (6939.69 days), lasting about 5 cycles. Eclipses occur in nearly the same calendar date. In addition, the octon subseries repeats 1/5 of that or every 3.8 years (1387.94 days). All eclipses in this table occur at the Moon's descending node.

21 events between July 22, 1971 and July 22, 2047
July 21–22 May 9–11 February 26–27 December 14–15 October 2–3
116 118 120 122 124

July 22, 1971

May 11, 1975

February 26, 1979

December 15, 1982

October 3, 1986
126 128 130 132 134

July 22, 1990

May 10, 1994

February 26, 1998

December 14, 2001

October 3, 2005
136 138 140 142 144

July 22, 2009

May 10, 2013

February 26, 2017

December 14, 2020

October 2, 2024
146 148 150 152 154

July 22, 2028

May 9, 2032

February 27, 2036

December 15, 2039

October 3, 2043
156

July 22, 2047

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Aussies see 'ring of fire' eclipse". Pacific Daily News. 2013-05-11. p. A10. Retrieved 2023-10-26 – via Newspapers.com.
  2. ^ ""Ring of fire' eclipse crosses Australia, Pacific". The Galion Inquirer. 2013-05-11. p. 3. Retrieved 2023-10-26 – via Newspapers.com.
  3. ^ van Gent, R.H. "Solar- and Lunar-Eclipse Predictions from Antiquity to the Present". A Catalogue of Eclipse Cycles. Utrecht University. Retrieved 6 October 2018.
  1. ^ The partial solar eclipses of January 4, 2011 and July 1, 2011 occurred in the previous semester series.