Solar eclipse of December 26, 2019
|Solar eclipse of December 26, 2019|
|Type of eclipse|
|Duration||220 sec (3 m 40 s)|
|Max. width of band||118 km (73 mi)|
|Saros||132 (46 of 71)|
|Catalog # (SE5000)||9552|
An annular solar eclipse will occur on December 26, 2019. A solar eclipse occurs when the Moon passes between Earth and the Sun, thereby totally or partly obscuring the Sun for a viewer on Earth. An annular solar eclipse occurs when the Moon's apparent diameter is smaller than the Sun's, blocking most of the Sun's light and causing the Sun to look like an annulus (ring). An annular eclipse appears as a partial eclipse over a region of the Earth thousands of kilometres wide. The annularity will be visible in Saudi Arabia, Qatar, United Arab Emirates, Oman, India, Sri Lanka, Malaysia, Indonesia, Singapore, Northern Mariana Islands, and Guam. Population centers in the path of the annularity include Kozhikode, Coimbatore, Jaffna, Trincomalee, Sibolga, Batam, Singapore, Singkawang and Guam. Cities such as Doha, Madurai, Pekanbaru, Dumai and Kuching will narrowly miss the annular path.
- 1 Visibility and viewing
- 2 Events and Programmes
- 3 Images
- 4 Related eclipses
- 5 Notes
- 6 References
Visibility and viewing
It is the last solar eclipse of 2019. The central path of the 2019 annular eclipse passes through Saudi Arabian Peninsula, southern India, Sumatra, Borneo, Philippines and Guam. A partial eclipse is visible thousands of kilometers wide from the central path. It will cover small parts of Eastern Europe, much of Asia, North/West Australia, East in Africa, Pacific and Indian Ocean. The eclipse begins with an antumbra having a magnitude of .96 and will stretch 164 kilometers wide, and travel towards the east at an average rate of 1.1 kilometer per second. The longest duration of annularity is 3 minutes and 40 seconds, at 5.30 UT1 occurring in South China Sea (0°45'54.0"N 105°29'06.0"E).
The eclipse will begin in Saudi Arabia about 220 kilometers northeast of Riyadh at 03:43 UT1 and will end in Guam at 06:59.4 UT1. It will reach India near Kannur, Kerala at 03:56 UT1. The shadow will reach the southeast coast of India at 04:04 UT1. Traveling through northern Sri Lanka, it will head into the Bay of Bengal. The next main visible places are Palau (Malaysia), Sumatra and Singapore. It then passes through the South China Sea, it crosses Borneo and the Celebes Sea, the Philippines archipelago and then heads towards the western Pacific. The antumbral shadow encounters Guam at 6:56 UT1 and will rise back into space.
The Annular Path
The annular phase of this eclipse is visible from the following cities:
- Hofuf, Saudi Arabia
- Mangaluru, Karnataka, India
- Kasaragod, Kerala, India
- Thalassery, Kerala, India
- Kozhikode, Kerala, India
- Ootacamund, Tamil Nadu, India
- Palakkad, Kerala, India
- Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India
- Erode, Tamil Nadu, India
- Karur, Tamil Nadu, India
- Dindigul, Tamil Nadu, India
- Sivaganga, Tamil Nadu, India
- Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu, India
- Pudukkottai, Tamil Nadu, India
- Jaffna, Sri Lanka
- Trincomalee, Sri Lanka
- Singapore, Singapore
- Batam, Riau Islands, Indonesia
- Tanjung Pinang, Riau Islands, Indonesia
- Singkawang, West Kalimantan, Indonesia
- Sri Aman, Sarawak, Malaysia
- Sarangani, Davao Occidental, Philippines
- Hagåtña, Guam
Events and Programmes
Annular Solar Eclipse Outreach Planning Workshop, Chennai
A two-day workshop has been conducted by the Institute of Mathematical Sciences, Chennai on 26th December 2019 for institutions and organizations interested in popular science education, to plan outreach activities surrounding the Annular Solar Eclipse in the southern states of India, which will be in the path of the annularity. The workshop was co-organized by The Institute of Mathematical Sciences, Chennai, Public Outreach and Education Committee of the Astronomical Society of India (ASI-POEC) and Vigyan Prasar (DST).
11th Southeast Asia Astronomy Network (SEAAN) Meeting, Singapore
The 11th SEAAN meeting was held in Singapore from the 26th to the 28th of December 2019, so as to coincide with the annular solar eclipse. The primary purpose of the meeting was to bring together people working in different fields of astronomy and astrophysics from Southeast Asia. Secondary aims included:
- Facilitating exchange in research findings and educational practices
- Discussion of astronomy outreach efforts
Outreach Activities at Jaffna University, Sri Lanka
Jaffna University in collaboration with other institutions in Sri Lanka planned to conduct eclipse observation camps, research and other other activities on 26 th December 2019. Aim of the program is to create an interest science and mathematics and astronomy in particular. Program was supported by the Ministry of Science, Technology and Research, Sri Lanka. 
Eclipses of 2019
- A partial solar eclipse on January 6.
- A total lunar eclipse on January 21.
- A total solar eclipse on July 2.
- A partial lunar eclipse on July 16.
- An annular solar eclipse on December 26.
- Preceded: Solar eclipse of November 13, 2012
- Followed: Solar eclipse of February 6, 2027
- Preceded: Lunar eclipse of December 21, 2010
- Followed: Lunar eclipse of December 31, 2028
- Preceded: Solar eclipse of January 26, 2009
- Followed: Solar eclipse of November 25, 2030
Solar Saros 132
- Preceded: Solar eclipse of December 14, 2001
- Followed: Solar eclipse of January 5, 2038
- Preceded: Solar eclipse of January 15, 1991
- Followed: Solar eclipse of December 5, 2048
- Preceded: Solar eclipse of February 24, 1933
- Followed: Solar eclipse of October 26, 2106
Solar eclipses 2018–2021
This eclipse is a member of a semester series. An eclipse in a semester series of solar eclipses repeats approximately every 177 days and 4 hours (a semester) at alternating nodes of the Moon's orbit.
|Solar eclipse series sets from 2018–2021|
|Ascending node||Descending node|
Partial from Melbourne, AU
|2018 July 13
Partial from Nakhodka, Russia
|2019 January 6|
From La Serena, Chile
|2019 July 2
|132||2019 December 26|
|137||2020 June 21
|142||2020 December 14|
|147||2021 June 10
|152||2021 December 4|
This eclipse is a part of Saros cycle 132, repeating every 18 years, 11 days, containing 71 events. The series started with partial solar eclipse on August 13, 1208. It contains annular eclipses from March 17, 1569 through March 12, 2146, hybrid on March 23, 2164 and April 3, 2183 and total eclipses from April 14, 2200 through June 19, 2308. The series ends at member 71 as a partial eclipse on September 25, 2470. The longest duration of annular was 6 minutes, 56 seconds on May 9, 1641, and totality will be 2 minutes, 14 seconds on June 8, 2290. All eclipses in this series occurs at the Moon’s descending node.
|Series members 28–50 occur between 1690 and 2100:|
June 11, 1695
June 22, 1713
July 4, 1731
July 14, 1749
July 25, 1767
|August 5, 1783|
August 17, 1803
August 27, 1821
September 7, 1839
September 18, 1857
September 29, 1875
October 9, 1893
October 22, 1911
November 1, 1929
November 12, 1947
November 23, 1965
December 4, 1983
December 14, 2001
December 26, 2019
January 5, 2038
January 16, 2056
January 27, 2074
February 7, 2092
The metonic series repeats eclipses every 19 years (6939.69 days), lasting about 5 cycles. Eclipses occur in nearly the same calendar date. In addition, the octon subseries repeats 1/5 of that or every 3.8 years (1387.94 days). All eclipses in this table occur at the Moon's descending node.
|Octon series with 21 events between May 21, 1993 and August 2, 2065|
|May 20–21||March 8–9||December 25–26||October 13–14||August 1–2|
|May 21, 1955||March 9, 1959||December 26, 1962||October 14, 1966||August 2, 1970|
|May 21, 1974||March 9, 1978||December 26, 1981||October 14, 1985||August 1, 1989|
May 21, 1993
March 9, 1997
December 25, 2000
October 14, 2004
August 1, 2008
May 20, 2012
March 9, 2016
December 26, 2019
October 14, 2023
August 2, 2027
May 21, 2031
March 9, 2035
December 26, 2038
October 14, 2042
August 2, 2046
May 20, 2050
March 9, 2054
December 26, 2057
October 13, 2061
August 2, 2065
May 20, 2069
|March 8, 2073||December 26, 2076||October 13, 2080||August 1, 2084|
- "EclipseWise - Eclipses During 2019". eclipsewise.com. Retrieved 2019-07-25.
- "Annular Solar Eclipse on December 26, 2019". www.timeanddate.com. Retrieved 2019-07-25.
- "ASE Planning Workshop". www.imsc.res.in. Retrieved 2019-08-16.
- "Conference Website". www.physics.nus.edu.sg. Retrieved 2019-09-24.
- Cooper, Gael (2017-08-22). "Wait! Dig those eclipse glasses out of the garbage Here comes the sun. Astronomers Without Borders will be collecting the protective eyewear for use in future eclipses worldwide". Retrieved 2017-08-27.
- van Gent, R.H. "Solar- and Lunar-Eclipse Predictions from Antiquity to the Present". A Catalogue of Eclipse Cycles. Utrecht University. Retrieved 6 October 2018.
- Freeth, Tony. "Note S1: Eclipses & Predictions". plos.org. Retrieved 6 October 2018.
- Eclipseportal.com Annular Solar Eclipse 2019
- solar-eclipse.de: The total solar eclipse of 12/26/2019
- Earth visibility chart and eclipse statistics Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, NASA/GSFC
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Solar eclipse of 2019 December 26.|