Solar eclipse of May 29, 1919
|Solar eclipse of May 29, 1919|
|Type of eclipse|
|Duration||411 sec (6 m 51 s)|
|Max. width of band||244 km (152 mi)|
|Saros||136 (32 of 71)|
|Catalog # (SE5000)||9326|
A total solar eclipse occurred on May 29, 1919. With a maximum duration of totality of 6 minutes 51 seconds, it was one of the longest solar eclipses of the 20th century. It was visible throughout most of South America and Africa as a partial eclipse. Totality occurred through a narrow path across central Brazil after sunrise, across the Atlantic ocean and into south central Africa ending near sunset in eastern Africa.
This eclipse was photographed from the expedition of Sir Arthur Eddington to the island of Principe (off the west coast of Africa). Positions of star images within the field near the Sun were used to test Albert Einstein's prediction of the bending of light around the Sun from his general theory of relativity. The stars which Eddington's expedition observed were in the constellation Taurus.
Solar eclipses 1916–1920
|Ascending node||Descending node|
|111||December 24, 1916
|116||June 19, 1917
|121||December 14, 1917
|126||June 8, 1918
|131||December 3, 1918
|136||May 29, 1919
|141||November 22, 1919
|146||May 18, 1920
|151||November 10, 1920
Solar Saros 136, repeating every 18 years, 11 days, contains 71 events. The series started with partial solar eclipse on Jun 14, 1360, and reached a first annular eclipse on September 8, 1504. It was a hybrid event from November 22, 1612, through January 17, 1703, and total eclipses from January 27, 1721 through May 13, 2496. The series ends at member 71 as a partial eclipse on July 30, 2622, with the entire series lasting 1262 years. The longest eclipse occurred on June 20, 1955, with a maximum duration of totality at 7 minutes, 8 seconds.
- F. W. Dyson, A. S. Eddington, and C. Davidson (1920). "A Determination of the Deflection of Light by the Sun's Gravitational Field, from Observations Made at the Total Eclipse of May 29, 1919" (PDF). Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. CCXX-A 579: 291–333. doi:10.1098/rsta.1920.0009.
- SEsaros136 at NASA.gov
- NASA chart and statistics
- Fotos of Solar Corona May 29, 1919
- Wired.com: May 29, 1919: A Major Eclipse, Relatively Speaking
- Famous Eclipse of 1919
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