South Dakota Supreme Court
|South Dakota Supreme Court|
Seal of the South Dakota Supreme Court
|Location||Pierre, South Dakota|
|Authorized by||South Dakota Constitution|
|Decisions are appealed to||Supreme Court of the United States|
|Judge term length||8 years|
|No. of positions||5|
|Jurist term ends||2022|
The South Dakota Supreme Court is the highest court in the state of South Dakota. It is composed of a chief justice and four associate justices appointed by the governor. One justice is selected from each of five geographic appointment districts. Justices face a nonpolitical retention election three years after appointment and every eight years after that. The justices also select their own chief justice.
The Supreme Court of South Dakota serves as the final appellate court in the state, reviewing the decisions of state circuit courts. The Supreme Court is also authorized to issue original or remedial writs and provide advice to the governor regarding the scope of executive powers.
The court also provides administration for South Dakota's unified court system, preparing and submitting the judiciary's annual budget, appointing court personnel, and generally supervising the circuit courts. The court is also charged with making the rules covering practice and procedure, administration of the courts, terms of courts, admissions to the bar, and discipline of members of the bar within the state of South Dakota.
The Supreme Court of the Dakota Territory was established in Yankton, South Dakota in 1861. It was the first Territorial Supreme Court in American history. Initially, justices were appointed directly by the President of the United States. The first court consisted of three justices: Philemon Bliss, George P. Williston, and Joseph L. Williams, appointed by President Abraham Lincoln. The court heard no cases until December 3, 1867. In 1879 the court enlarged to four justices, then six in 1884, and eight in 1888.
In 1889, the Dakota Territory was split into North Dakota and South Dakota, and the Territorial Supreme Court was formally dissolved by President Benjamin Harrison. Bartlett Tripp served as the last Chief Justice of the Dakota Territory. He left the court in 1889 upon South Dakota's statehood and to become the 25th United States Ambassador to Austria.
An election was held in South Dakota to select the first state supreme court. Justices Dighton Corson, Alphonso G. Kellam, and John E. Bennett were elected and sworn-in October 15, 1889. Since there was no capitol building yet for the new state, the oath-taking ceremony took place on the Hughes County courthouse veranda.
The court was forced to use the county courthouse until 1891 when it began holding court in the state legislature's senate chambers. The South Dakota Supreme Court did not receive its own chambers until the autumn of 1905.
Modern day court
In 2002, Judith Meierhenry was appointed by Governor William Janklow as the first female Supreme Court Justice. She served until her retirement in 2011. In 2014, Janine Kern was appointed by Governor Dennis Daugaard. At the time of her appointment she was the only Justice on the South Dakota Supreme Court to not receive admission via diploma privilege. In 2017, she was joined by Steven R. Jensen who sat for the bar exam in 1988.
Supreme Court Justices
The current justices of the South Dakota Supreme Court.
|Title||Name||Appointment||Current term ends||Law school||Appointed by||Bar admission|
|Chief Justice||David Gilbertson||1995||2022||University of South Dakota School of Law||William J. Janklow||Diploma privilege|
|Associate Justice||Steven L. Zinter||2002||2022||University of South Dakota School of Law||William J. Janklow||Diploma privilege|
|Associate Justice||Steven R. Jensen||2017||2022||University of South Dakota School of Law||Dennis Daugaard||South Dakota bar exam, 1988|
|Associate Justice||Janine M. Kern||2014||2018||University of Minnesota Law School||Dennis Daugaard||South Dakota bar exam, 1985|
|Associate Justice||Mark Salter||2018||2020||University of South Dakota School of Law||Dennis Daugaard||South Dakota bar exam, 1993|
- Unified Judicial System of South Dakota Archived 2014-04-11 at the Wayback Machine., South Dakota Supreme Court, rev. July 2002
- "Territorial Supreme Court". The South Dakota Supreme Court. South Dakota Unified Judicial System. Retrieved February 15, 2015.
- "Supreme Court History". The South Dakota Supreme Court. South Dakota Unified Judicial System. Retrieved February 15, 2015.
- "Supreme Court Housing". The South Dakota Supreme Court. South Dakota Unified Judicial System. Retrieved February 15, 2015.
- "Supreme Court Home". The South Dakota Supreme Court. South Dakota Unified Judicial System. Retrieved February 15, 2015.