Sturgis, South Dakota

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Sturgis, South Dakota
City
Bikes lined up on Main Street during Bike Week.
Bikes lined up on Main Street during Bike Week.
Location in Meade County and the state of South Dakota
Location in Meade County and the state of South Dakota
Coordinates: 44°24′37″N 103°31′7″W / 44.41028°N 103.51861°W / 44.41028; -103.51861Coordinates: 44°24′37″N 103°31′7″W / 44.41028°N 103.51861°W / 44.41028; -103.51861
Country United States
State South Dakota
County Meade
Founded 1878
Incorporated 1888[1]
Government
 • Mayor Mark Carstensen
Area[2]
 • Total 3.99 sq mi (10.33 km2)
 • Land 3.99 sq mi (10.33 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 3,422 ft (1,043 m)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 6,627
 • Estimate (2012[4]) 6,644
 • Density 1,660.9/sq mi (641.3/km2)
Time zone Mountain (MST) (UTC-7)
 • Summer (DST) MDT (UTC-6)
ZIP code 57785
Area code(s) 605
FIPS code 46-62100[5]
GNIS feature ID 1265387[6]
Website sturgis-sd.gov

Sturgis is a city in Meade County, South Dakota, United States. The population was 6,627 as of the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Meade County[7] and is named after General Samuel D. Sturgis.[8] Sturgis is famous for being the location of one of the largest annual motorcycle events in the world, which is held annually on the first full week of August. Motorcycle enthusiasts from around the world flock to this usually sleepy town during the Sturgis Motorcycle Rally.

History[edit]

Ox teams at Sturgis, taken between 1887 and 1892

Sturgis was founded in 1878.[9] It was originally named Scooptown, because many of the residents "scooped up" their pay from nearby Fort Meade.[10] Its name was later changed to Sturgis in honor of the Civil War Union General Samuel D. Sturgis. In 1889, Sturgis was the designated county seat of the newly formed Meade County.[9]

As part of the vast Ellsworth Air Force Base complex, the land north of Sturgis was dotted with 50 Minuteman missile silos, with the closest (L5) only 3.5 miles (5.6 km) from the center of the town.

Geography[edit]

Sturgis is located at 44°24′37″N 103°31′7″W / 44.41028°N 103.51861°W / 44.41028; -103.51861 (44.410322, -103.518486).[11] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.99 square miles (10.33 km2), all of it land.[2]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Sturgis, South Dakota
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 72
(22)
75
(24)
82
(28)
90
(32)
100
(38)
106
(41)
109
(43)
107
(42)
104
(40)
93
(34)
83
(28)
74
(23)
109
(43)
Average high °F (°C) 38
(3)
41
(5)
48
(9)
59
(15)
68
(20)
78
(26)
87
(31)
86
(30)
76
(24)
62
(17)
47
(8)
38
(3)
60.7
(15.9)
Average low °F (°C) 16
(−9)
17
(−8)
24
(−4)
34
(1)
44
(7)
53
(12)
60
(16)
58
(14)
48
(9)
36
(2)
25
(−4)
16
(−9)
35.9
(2.3)
Record low °F (°C) −27
(−33)
−26
(−32)
−20
(−29)
0
(−18)
16
(−9)
31
(−1)
39
(4)
39
(4)
20
(−7)
−1
(−18)
−20
(−29)
−30
(−34)
−30
(−34)
Precipitation inches (mm) 0.45
(11.4)
0.70
(17.8)
1.49
(37.8)
2.55
(64.8)
4.12
(104.6)
3.31
(84.1)
2.23
(56.6)
1.54
(39.1)
1.43
(36.3)
1.82
(46.2)
0.98
(24.9)
0.54
(13.7)
21.16
(537.3)
Source: The Weather Channel (Historical Monthly Averages) [12]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 1,739
1920 1,250 −28.1%
1930 1,747 39.8%
1940 3,008 72.2%
1950 3,471 15.4%
1960 4,639 33.7%
1970 4,536 −2.2%
1980 5,184 14.3%
1990 5,330 2.8%
2000 6,442 20.9%
2010 6,627 2.9%
Est. 2012 6,644 0.3%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 6,627 people, 2,916 households, and 1,687 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,660.9 inhabitants per square mile (641.3 /km2). There were 3,154 housing units at an average density of 790.5 per square mile (305.2 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 93.9% White, 0.2% African American, 2.3% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 0.6% from other races, and 2.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.6% of the population.

There were 2,916 households of which 28.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.3% were married couples living together, 12.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.4% had a male householder with no wife present, and 42.1% were non-families. 37.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.21 and the average family size was 2.89.

The median age in the city was 41.2 years. 23.9% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 22.3% were from 25 to 44; 27.1% were from 45 to 64; and 18.8% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.1% male and 51.9% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 6,442 people, 2,738 households, and 1,708 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,723.6 people per square mile (665.0/km²). There were 2,989 housing units at an average density of 799.7 per square mile (308.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 94.80% White, 0.20% African American, 2.48% Native American, 0.31% Asian, 0.33% from other races, and 1.88% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.75% of the population.

There were 2,738 households out of which 30.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.0% were married couples living together, 11.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.6% were non-families. 33.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 2.91.

In the city the population was spread out with 25.0% under the age of 18, 7.9% from 18 to 24, 25.4% from 25 to 44, 22.5% from 45 to 64, and 19.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 91.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.1 males.

As of 2000 the median income for a household in the city was $30,253, and the median income for a family was $38,698. Males had a median income of $25,856 versus $18,582 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,763. About 11.0% of families and 12.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.7% of those under age 18 and 6.8% of those age 65 or over.

Points of interest[edit]

Radio & TV stations[edit]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "SD Towns". South Dakota State Historical Society. Retrieved 2010-02-15. 
  2. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-06-21. 
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-06-21. 
  4. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-29. 
  5. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  7. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  8. ^ Pechan, Beverly. 2003. Sturgis, South Dakota, 1878–1960. Charleston, SC: Arcadia, p. 7.
  9. ^ a b Hellmann, Paul T. (May 13, 2013). "Historical Gazetteer of the United States". Routledge. p. 999. Retrieved 30 November 2013. 
  10. ^ Parker, Watson; Lambert, Hugh K. (1974). Black Hills Ghost Towns (1st ed.). Chicago, IL: The Swallow Press. p. 182. 
  11. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  12. ^ "Climate Statistics for Sturgis, SD". Retrieved September 30, 2013. 

External links[edit]