Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly election, 2016
All 234 elected seats in the Legislature of Tamil Nadu
118 seats needed for a majority
The Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly election was held on 16 May 2016 for the 232 seats (except Thanjavur and Aravakurichi) of the Legislative Assembly in the state of Tamil Nadu in India. AIADMK under J. Jayalalithaa won the elections and became the first ruling party to be re-elected in Tamil Nadu since 1984, though with a reduced majority. DMK won half of the seats it contested but its allies performed poorly; notably, the Indian National Congress won 16% of the seats they contested and the alliance lost due to its poor performance. The votes were counted on 19 May 2016. In the previous election in 2011, AIADMK, under the leadership of Jayalalithaa, won a simple majority and formed the government, while DMDK chief Vijayakanth served as the Leader of Opposition until January 2016. This is the last election Jayalalitha and Karunanidhi contested as they both died in office later.
- 1 Background
- 2 Demographics
- 3 Schedule
- 4 Campaign to vote
- 5 Parties and Alliances
- 6 Candidates
- 7 Manifestos
- 8 Voter Turnout
- 9 Exit polls
- 10 Results
- 11 Controversies
- 12 By-Election
- 13 See also
- 14 References
- 15 External links
By the requirement, state assembly election must be held at an interval of five years or whenever it is dissolved by the president. The previous election, to the 14th legislative assembly, was conducted 13 April 2011 and its term would have naturally expired on 22 May 2016. The election to the 16th legislative assembly was organised and conducted by the Election Commission of India (ECI) and was held in a single phase on 16 May 2016. There were over 5.79 crore voters in the electoral rolls and 65,616 polling stations in Tamil Nadu.
A special purification drive of electoral rolls between 15 and 29 February 2016 in all poll-bound States including Tamil Nadu was held, in which door-to-door verification was undertaken involving booth-level agents. On 12 February 2016, Election Commission of India announced that 17 assembly constituencies in Tamil Nadu will have Voter-verified paper audit trail (VVPAT) machines attached along with EVMs. Voter-verified paper audit trail (VVPAT) machines will be in place in 4,000 booths.
|Assembly constituencies of Tamil Nadu having VVPAT facility with EVMs|
|Salem North||Erode West||Tirupur (North)|
|Coimbatore North||Dindigul||Tiruchirappalli West|
At the 2011 India census, Tamil Nadu had a population of 7,21,47,030. A total of 1,44,38,445 people constituting 20.01% of the total population belonged to Scheduled Castes (SC) and 7,94,697 people constituting 1.10% of the population belonged to Scheduled tribes (ST). Other Backward Classes (OBCs) form 68% of the population. As per the religious census of 2011, Tamil Nadu had 87.6% Hindus, 5.9% Muslims, 6.1% Christians, 0.1% Jains and 0.3% following other religions or no religion.
The elections were held on 16 May 2016, with vote counting taking place on 19 May. The elections in Kerala and Puducherry also took place on 16 May but polling in two of the Tamil Nadu constituencies was postponed due to reports of voters being bribed.
|Date for Nominations||22 Apr 2016|
|Last Date for filing Nominations||29 Apr 2016|
|Date for scrutiny of nominations||30 Apr 2016|
|Last date for withdrawal of candidatures||2 May 2016|
|Date of poll||16 May 2016|
|Date of counting||19 May 2016|
|Date before which the election shall be completed||21 May 2016|
Campaign to vote
To ensure that the electorate exercise their right to vote, the Election Commission of India (ECI) launched their own campaign in Tamil Nadu. The Chief Electoral Officer for the Tamil Nadu assembly elections, Rajesh Lakhoni, utilised social media platforms by creating memes and tweets themed around films, which have a huge reach in Tamil Nadu. Additionally, the Election Commission also recruited media personalities Suriya, Ashwin and Karthik, whose campaigning videos were filmed and shared on social media. The Election Commission also partnered with Twitter, for the first time in India, to boost its #TN100Percent hashtag campaign. Twitter users who have made use of the hashtag will be reminded to vote on the day of voting. Twitter and Facebook collaborated with ECI in its awareness campaign on striving for 100 per cent voting in the polls.
Parties and Alliances
All the parties contested on "two leaves" symbol.
|Sl.No:||Name of the Party||Party Flag||Party Leader||Seats|
|1||All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam||J.Jayalalithaa||227|
|2||Manithaneya Jananayaga Katchi||Thamimun Ansari||2|
|3||Republican Party of India||C. K. Thamizharasan||1|
|4||Samathuva Makkal Katchi||R. Sarathkumar||1|
|5||Tamil Nadu Kongu Ilaingar Peravai||U. Thaniyarasu||1|
|7||Tamil Maanila Muslim League||Sheik Dawood||1|
|Sl.No:||Name of the Party||Party Flag||Party Leader||Seats|
|1||Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam||Karunanidhi||176|
|2||Indian National Congress||Su. Thirunavukkarasar||41|
|3||Indian Union Muslim League||K.M. Khader Mohideen||5|
|4||Manithaneya Makkal Katchi||M. H. Jawahirullah||4|
|5||Puthiya Tamilakam||Chandra Kumar||3|
|6||Perunthalaivar Makkal Katchi||N.R. Dhanapalan||1|
|7||Tamil Nadu Peasants and Workers Party||Pon. Kumar||1|
|8||Samuga Samathuva Padai||V. Sivakami||1|
People's Welfare Front Alliance
|Sl.No:||Name of the Party||Party Flag||Party Leader||Seats|
|1||Desiya Murpokku Dravida Kazhagam||Vijayakanth||104|
|2||Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam||Vaiko||28|
|3||Communist Party of India||Mutharasan||25|
|4||Communist Party of India (Marxist)||G. Ramakrishnan||25|
|5||Tamil Manila Congress||G K Vasan||26|
|6||Viduthalai Chiruthaigal Katchi||Thol. Thirumavalavan||25|
National Democratic Alliance
|Sl.No:||Name of the Party||Party Flag||Party Leader|
|1||Bharatiya Janata Party||Tamilisai Soundararajan|
|2||Indhiya Jananayaga Katchi||T. R. Pachamuthu|
Parties not in any coalition
|Sl. No:||Name of the Party||Party Flag||Party Leader|
|1||Pattali Makkal Katchi||Dr. Ramdoss|
|2||Naam Tamilar Katchi||Seeman|
|3||Tamilnadu Youth Party (TNYP)|
|4||Welfare Party of India||S. N. Sikkandar|
|5||Social Democratic Party of India||Mr.Thehlan Baqavi|
|6||Anaithu Makkal Munnetra Kazhagam||Pachathanni Manickam I.P.S|
|7||Tamizhaga Vazhvurimai Katchi||Panruti T. Velmurugan.|
|8||The Future India Party||Subi|
|9||All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen|
Gopi Shankar Madurai, a 25 years old gender activist made a bid to contest as one of the youngest candidates in the Tamil Nadu Assembly election and also the first openly Intersex & Genderqueer person to do so. Gopi contested on the ticket of newly launched outfit Anaithu Makkal Munnetra Kazhagam (AMMK) for Madurai North. He secured 14th place out of 21 candidates by securing 1% vote.
DMK released its election manifesto on 10 April 2016. Bharatiya Janata Party released its election manifesto on 21 April 2016. On 23 March 2016, Naam Tamilar Katchi published its 316-page election manifesto 2016, a complete plan to develop TamilNadu. Tamil Nadu Congress Committee released its election manifesto on 27 April 2016. Pattali Makkal Katchi released its draft election manifesto on 15 September 2015 and final election manifesto on 15 April 2016. AIADMK released its election manifesto on 5 May 2016. 
Voter turnout for the 232 constituencies on May 16 was 74.26%. Parts of Tamil Nadu received heavy rain on the polling day, but it did not deter voters from turning out to cast their votes. While the highest voter turn out was in Dharmapuri constituency recording 85% while the lowest voter turnout was in the capital of Tamil Nadu, Chennai recording 55%.
|NDTV Poll of Polls||103||120||0||NA/11|||
The ruling ADMK, beating most of the exit polls, was able to retain power with a comfortable majority and became the first party to win consecutive elections since 1984, a feat achieved by MGR.
|All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam||ADMK||17,617,060||41.06%||227||134||16|
|Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam||DMK||DMK||13,670,511||31.86%||176||89||66|
|Indian National Congress||INC||DMK||2,774,075||6.47%||41||8||3|
|Indian Union Muslim League||IUML||DMK||313,808||0.73%||5||1||1|
|Pattali Makkal Katchi||PMK||2,300,775||5.36%||232||0||3|
|Bharatiya Janata Party||BJP||NDA||1,228,692||2.86%||232||0|
|Desiya Murpokku Dravida Kazhagam||DMDK||PWF||1,034,384||2.41%||104||0||29|
|Naam Tamilar Katchi||NTK||458,104||1.07%||232||0|
|Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam||MDMK||PWF||373,713||0.87%||28||0|
|Communist Party of India||CPI||PWF||340,290||0.79%||25||0||9|
|Viduthalai Chiruthaigal Katchi||VCK||PWF||331,849||0.77%||25||0|
|Communist Party of India (Marxist)||CPM||PWF||307,303||0.72%||25||0||10|
|Tamil Maanila Congress||TMC(M)||PWF||230,711||0.54%||26||0|
|Manithaneya Makkal Katchi||MAMAK||DMK||197,150||0.46%||4||0||2|
|Kongunadu Makkal Desia Katchi||KMDK||167,560||0.39%||n/a||0|
|Bahujan Samaj Party||BSP||97,823||0.23%||n/a||0|
|Social Democratic Party of India||SDPI||65,978||0.15%||n/a||0|
|None of the above||NOTA||561,244||1.31%||232||–||–|
Top 10 Biggest Victories
|Thiruvarur||Karunanidhi .M||DMK||Pannerselvam .R||AIADMK||68366|
|Thondamuthur||Velumani S P||AIADMK||Kovai Syed @ Syed Mohammed M A||MMK||64041|
|Tiruvannamalai||Velu E V||DMK||Rajan K||AIADMK||51348|
|Kumarapalayam||Thangamani P||AIADMK||Yuvaraj P||DMK||47329|
|Killiyoor||Rajesh Kumar S||INC||Pon. Vijayaragavan||BJP||46295|
|Edappadi||Palaniswami K||AIADMK||Annadurai N||PMK||42022|
|Tiruppattur||Periakaruppan K R||DMK||Asokan K R||AIADMK||42004|
|Tirukkoyilur||Ponmudy K||DMK||Gothandaraman G||AIADMK||41057|
Top 10 Smallest victories
|Radhapuram||Inbadurai I S||AIADMK||Appavu M.||DMK||60|
|Kattumannarkoil||Murugumaran N||AIADMK||Thirumaavalavan Thol||VCK||87|
|Tindivanam||Seethapathy P||DMK||Rajendran S P||AIADMK||101|
|Cheyyur||Arasu R T||DMK||Munusamy||AIADMK||304|
|Kovilpatti||Kadambur Raju C||AIADMK||Subramanian A||DMK||428|
|Karur||Vijayabhaskar M R||AIADMK||Bank Subramanian K||INC||441|
|Tenkasi||Selvamohandas Pandian S||AIADMK||Palani Nadar S||INC||462|
|Ottapidaram||Sundararaj R||AIADMK||Dr.Krishnasamy K||PT||493|
|Perambur||Vetrivel P||AIADMK||Dhanapalan N R||Perunthalaivar Makkal Katchi||519|
|Thiruvidaimarudur||Chezhiaan Govi||DMK||Settu U||AIADMK||532|
Performance of political parties
SHARE IN VALID VOTES VOTE %
|! POLLED IN STATE IN
SEATS % CONTESTE
|STATE PARTIES - OTHER STATE|
|REGISTERED (UNRECOGNISED) PARTIES|
On 3 May, News 7 and Dinamalar released an opinion poll giving an edge for DMK over AIADMK. But some editions of Dinamalar carried a statement on the first page distancing itself from the surveys. In an instance VVPAT was helpful in resolving an issue pertaining to a tally of votes in Kancheepuram (State Assembly Constituency) as the number of votes entered in the Form 17C of a polling booth and the total number of votes recorded in the EVM control unit of that booth did not tally.
Cash for votes
Wide spread allegations of parties bribing voters with cash were raised and the Election commission responded by increasing the number of flying squads to conduct raids and prevent distribution of cash for votes. First time in the Indian history Rs 570 crores of three containers captured in Tirupur, no one claimed for that money at the first day. Later SBI claimed that money. Many parties like CPI(M), CPI, VCK, MDMK, PMK, wanted clear information about that money.
Postponement of polls
The Election Commission postponed the polls in Aravakurichi and Thanjavur constituencies due to reports of distribution of huge sums of money and alcohol to voters. The polling was initially postponed to 13 June, despite the Governor of Tamil Nadu requesting that it should happen before 1 June. The date was subsequently amended to November.
On 26 October 2016, the Election Commission announced that the election for Thiruparankundram, Aravakurichi and Thanjavur constituencies would be held on 19 November 2016. The outcome was:
|Constituency||Total Voters||Polled Votes||Polled %||Winner||Party||Runner up||Party||Margin|
|Aravakurichi||2,00,352||1,64,582||82%||V. Senthil Balaji||AIADMK||K. C. Palanisamy||DMK||23,661|
|Thanjavur||2,68,757||1,86,444||69%||M. Rangaswamy||AIADMK||Anjugam Boopathy||DMK||26,874|
|Thiruparankundram||2,86,483||2,03,098||71%||A. K. Bose||AIADMK||Saravanan||DMK||42,670|
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