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List of Test cricket records

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Donald Bradman, holder of several Test batting records including highest batting average
Sachin Tendulkar is the leading run-scorer and century maker in Test cricket
Muttiah Muralitharan is the highest wicket-taker in Test cricket

Test cricket is played between international cricket teams who are Full Members of the International Cricket Council (ICC).[1] Unlike One Day Internationals, Test matches consist of two innings per team, having no limit in their number of overs.[2] Test cricket is first-class cricket, so statistics and records set in Test matches are also counted toward first-class records. The duration of Tests, currently limited to five days, has varied through Test history, ranging from three days to timeless matches.[3][4] The earliest match now recognised as a Test was played between England and Australia in March 1877;[5] since then there have been over 2,000 Tests played by 11 teams. The frequency of Tests has steadily increased partly because of the increase in the number of Test-playing countries, and partly as cricket boards seek to maximise their revenue.[6]

Cricket is, by its nature, capable of generating large numbers of records and statistics.[7] This list details the most significant team and individual records in Test cricket.

The most successful team in Test cricket, in terms of both wins and win percentage, is Australia, having won 362 of their 773 Tests (46.83%). Barring the ICC World XI, a rest of world team which played a single Test against Australia in 2005, the least successful team are Bangladesh who have struggled since their introduction to Test cricket in 2000, leading to questioning of their Test status.[8][9][10]

Australian Donald Bradman, widely considered the greatest batsman of all time,[11][12] holds several personal and partnership records. He scored the most runs in a series, has the most double centuries and was a part of the record 5th wicket partnership. His most significant record is his batting average of 99.94. One of cricket's most famous statistics,[13][14] it stands almost 40 runs higher than any other batsman's average. Don Bradman is the only player in the world to have scored 5000 runs against a single opposition: 5028 runs against England.[15]

In the Manchester Test of 1956, England spin bowler Jim Laker took 19 wickets for 90 runs (19–90) which set not only the Test record for best match figures but also the first-class one.[16] In taking 10–53 in the second innings he became the first bowler to capture all ten wickets in a Test match innings, and his analysis remains the best innings figures. Indian Leg-spinner Anil Kumble is the only other bowler to have taken 10 wickets in an innings, claiming 10–74 against Pakistan in 1999.[17] West Indies batsman Brian Lara has the highest individual score in Test cricket: he scored 400 not out against England in 2004 to surpass the innings of 380 by Matthew Hayden six months earlier. Lara had held the record before Hayden, with a score of 375 against England 10 years earlier.[18] Pakistan's Misbah-ul-Haq holds the record of the fastest test half century scoring 50 runs from 21 balls. The record for the fastest test century is held by New Zealand's Brendon McCullum who scored 100 runs from 54 balls in his final test match.

The trend of countries to increase the number of Test matches they play means that the aggregate lists are dominated by modern players. Sri Lankan spinner Muttiah Muralitharan became the highest Test wicket-taker in December 2007, when he passed Shane Warne's total of 708 wickets.[19] Within a year, the equivalent batting record of highest run-scorer had also changed hands: Sachin Tendulkar surpassed the tally of 11,953 runs by Brian Lara.[20] The record for most dismissals by a wicket-keeper is held by Mark Boucher of South Africa[21] while the record for most catches by a fielder is held by Rahul Dravid.[22]

Listing criteria

In general the top five are listed in each category (except when there is a tie for the last place among the five, when all the tied record holders are noted).

Listing notation

Team notation
  • (300–3) indicates that a team scored 300 runs for three wickets and the innings was closed, either due to a successful run chase or if no playing time remained
  • (300–3 d) indicates that a team scored 300 runs for three wickets, and declared its innings closed
  • (300) indicates that a team scored 300 runs and was all out
Batting notation
  • (100) indicates that a batsman scored 100 runs and was out
  • (100*) indicates that a batsman scored 100 runs and was not out
Bowling notation
  • (5–100) indicates that a bowler has captured 5 wickets while conceding 100 runs
Currently playing
  • dagger indicates a current Test cricketer
Seasons
  • Cricket is played during the summer months in most countries. Domestic cricket seasons in Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Zimbabwe and the West Indies may therefore span two calendar years, and are by convention said to be played in (e.g.) "2008–09". A cricket season in England is described as a single year. e.g. "2009". An international Test series may be for a much shorter duration, and Cricinfo treats this issue by stating "any series or matches which began between May and September of any given year will appear in the relevant single year season and any that began between October and April will appear in the relevant cross-year season".[23] In the record tables, a two-year span generally indicates that the record was set within a domestic season in one of the above named countries.

Team records

Team wins, losses and draws

Team First Test match Matches Won Lost Tied Drawn  % Won
 Australia 15 March 1877 801 377 215 2 207 47.06
 Bangladesh 10 November 2000 100 9 76 0 15 9.00
 England 15 March 1877 983 351 289 0 343 35.70
 India 25 June 1932 512 139 158 1 214 27.14
 New Zealand 10 January 1930 422 89 170 0 163 21.09
 Pakistan 16 October 1952 407 130 119 0 158 31.94
 South Africa 12 March 1889 411 152 135 0 124 36.98
 Sri Lanka 17 February 1982 258 81 96 0 81 31.39
 West Indies 23 June 1928 520 165 181 1 173 31.73
 Zimbabwe 18 October 1992 101 11 64 0 26 10.89
ICC World XI 14 October 2005 1 0 1 0 0 0.00

Last updated: 29 March 2017[24]

Result records

Greatest win margins (by innings)

Margin Teams Venue Season
Innings and 579 runs  England (903-7 d) beat  Australia (201 & 123) The Oval, London 1938
Innings and 360 runs  Australia (652–7 d) beat  South Africa (159 & 133) New Wanderers Stadium, Johannesburg 2001–02
Innings and 336 runs  West Indies (614–5 d) beat  India (124 & 154) Eden Gardens, Kolkata 1958–59
Innings and 332 runs  Australia (645) beat  England (141 & 172) Brisbane Cricket Ground 1946–47
Innings and 324 runs  Pakistan (643) beat  New Zealand (73 & 246) Gaddafi Stadium, Lahore 2002

Last updated: 12 December 2016[25]

Greatest win margin (by runs)

Margin Teams Venue Season
675 runs  England (521 & 342–8 d) beat  Australia (122 & 66) Brisbane Exhibition Ground 1928–29
562 runs  Australia (701 & 327) beat  England (321 & 145) The Oval, London 1934
530 runs  Australia (328 & 578) beat  South Africa (205 & 171) Melbourne Cricket Ground 1910–11
491 runs  Australia (381 & 361–5 d) beat  Pakistan (179 & 72) WACA Ground, Perth 2004–05
465 runs  Sri Lanka (384 & 447–6 d) beat  Bangladesh (208 & 158) Chittagong Divisional Stadium 2008–09

Last updated: 12 December 2016[26]

Matches that finished with scores level

See also: Tied Test
Result Teams Venue Season
Tie  Australia (505 & 232) vs  West Indies (453 & 284) The Gabba 1960–61
Tie  India (397 & 347) vs  Australia (574–7 d & 170–5 d) MA Chidambaram Stadium, Madras 1986–87
Draw  Zimbabwe (376 & 234) vs  England (406 & 204–5) Queens Sports Club, Bulawayo 1996–97
Draw  India (482 & 242–9) vs  West Indies (590 & 134) Wankhede Stadium, Mumbai 2011–12

Last updated: 15 June 2016[27][28][29]

Narrowest win margin (by wickets)

Margin Teams Venue Season
1 wicket  England (183 & 263–9) beat  Australia (324 & 121) The Oval, London 1902
1 wicket  South Africa (91 & 287–9) beat  England (184 & 190) Old Wanderers, Johannesburg 1905–06
1 wicket  England (382 & 282–9) beat  Australia (266 & 397) Melbourne Cricket Ground 1907–08
1 wicket  England (183 & 173–9) beat  South Africa (113 & 242) Newlands Cricket Ground, Cape Town 1922–23
1 wicket  Australia (216 & 260–9) beat  West Indies (272 & 203) Melbourne Cricket Ground 1951–52
1 wicket  New Zealand (249 & 104–9) beat  West Indies (140 & 212) Carisbrook, Dunedin 1979–80
1 wicket  Pakistan (256 & 315–9) beat  Australia (337 & 232) National Stadium, Karachi 1994–95
1 wicket  West Indies (329 & 311–9) beat  Australia (490 & 146) Kensington Oval, Bridgetown 1998–99
1 wicket  West Indies (273 & 216–9) beat  Pakistan (269 & 219) Antigua Recreation Ground, St. John's 1999–00
1 wicket  Pakistan (175 & 262–9) beat  Bangladesh (281 & 154) Ibn-e-Qasim Bagh Stadium, Multan 2003
1 wicket  Sri Lanka (321 & 352–9) beat  South Africa (361 & 311) Paikiasothy Saravanamuttu Stadium, Colombo 2006
1 wicket  India (405 & 216–9) beat  Australia (428 & 192) Punjab Cricket Association Stadium, Mohali 2010–11

Last updated: 15 June 2016[30]

Narrowest win margin (by runs)

Margin Teams Venue Season
1 run  West Indies (252 & 146) beat  Australia (213 & 184) Adelaide Oval 1992–93
2 runs  England (407 & 182) beat  Australia (308 & 279) Edgbaston, Birmingham 2005
3 runs  Australia (299 & 86) beat  England (262 & 120) Old Trafford, Manchester 1902
 England (284 & 294) beat  Australia (287 & 288) Melbourne Cricket Ground 1982–83
5 runs  South Africa (169 & 239) beat  Australia (292 & 111) Sydney Cricket Ground 1993–94

Last updated: 15 June 2016[31]

Victory after following-on

See also: Follow-on
Margin Teams Venue Season
10 runs  England (325 & 437) beat  Australia (586 & 166) Sydney Cricket Ground 1894–95
18 runs  England (174 & 356) beat  Australia (401–9 d & 111) Headingley, Leeds 1981
171 runs  India (171 & 657–7 d) beat  Australia (445 & 212) Eden Gardens, Kolkata 2000–01

Last updated: 15 June 2016[32]

Most consecutive wins

Wins Team First win Last win
16  Australia  Zimbabwe at Harare, 14 October 1999  India at Mumbai, 27 February 2001
16  Australia  South Africa at Melbourne, 26 December 2005  India at Sydney, 2 January 2008
11  West Indies  Australia at Bridgetown, 30 March 1984  Australia at Adelaide, 7 December 1984
9  Sri Lanka  India at Colombo, 29 August 2001  Pakistan at Lahore, 6 March 2002
9  South Africa  Australia at Durban, 15 March 2002  Bangladesh at Dhaka, 1 May 2003

Last updated: 15 June 2016[33]

Team scoring records

Most runs in an innings
Runs Teams Venue Season
952-6 d  Sri Lanka (v  India) Ranasinghe Premadasa Stadium, Colombo 1997
903-7 d  England (v  Australia) The Oval, London 1938
849  England (v  West Indies) Sabina Park, Kingston 1929–30
790–3 d  West Indies (v  Pakistan) Sabina Park, Kingston 1957–58
765–6 d  Pakistan (v  Sri Lanka) National Stadium, Karachi 2008–09

Last updated: 15 June 2016[34]

Fewest runs in a completed innings
Runs Teams Venue Date
26  New Zealand (v  England) Eden Park, Auckland 25 March 1955
30  South Africa (v  England) St. George's Park, Port Elizabeth 13 February 1896
 South Africa (v  England) Edgbaston, Birmingham 14 June 1924
35  South Africa (v  England) Newlands Cricket Ground, Cape Town 1 April 1899
36  Australia (v  England) Edgbaston, Birmingham 29 May 1902
 South Africa (v  Australia) Melbourne Cricket Ground 12 February 1932

Last updated: 15 February 2016[35]

Highest fourth-innings totals to win
Runs Teams Venue Season
418–7  West Indies (v  Australia) Antigua Recreation Ground, St. John's 2002–03
414–4  South Africa (v  Australia) WACA Ground, Perth 2008–09
406–4  India (v  West Indies) Queen's Park Oval, Port of Spain 1975–76
404–3  Australia (v  England) Headingley, Leeds 1948
387–4  India (v  England) M. A. Chidambaram Stadium, Chennai 2008–09

Last updated: 15 June 2016[36]

Individual records

Individual records (batting)

Career runs

Most career runs
Runs Player Period
15,921 (329 innings) Sachin Tendulkar 1989–2013
13,378 (287 innings) Ricky Ponting 1995–2012
13,289 (280 innings) Jacques Kallis 1995–2013
13,288 (286 innings) Rahul Dravid 1996–2012
12,400 (233 innings) Kumar Sangakkara 2000–2015

Last updated: 15 June 2016[37]

Most career runs – progression of record
Runs Player Record held until Duration of record
239 Charles Bannerman 4 January 1882 4 years, 295 days
676 George Ulyett[a] 13 August 1884 2 years, 222 days
860 Billy Murdoch[b] 14 August 1886 2 years, 1 day
1,277 Arthur Shrewsbury 23 January 1902 15 years, 162 days
1,293 Joe Darling[c] 18 February 1902 26 days
1,366 Syd Gregory[d] 14 June 1902 116 days
1,531 Archie MacLaren[e] 13 August 1902 60 days
3,412 Clem Hill 27 December 1924 22 years, 136 days
5,410 Jack Hobbs 29 June 1937 12 years, 184 days
7,249 Wally Hammond 27 November 1970 33 years, 151 days
7,459 Colin Cowdrey[f] 23 March 1972 1 year, 117 days
8,032 Garfield Sobers 23 December 1981 9 years, 275 days
8,114 Geoff Boycott 12 November 1983 1 year, 324 days
10,122 Sunil Gavaskar 25 February 1993 9 years, 105 days
11,174 Allan Border 25 November 2005 12 years, 273 days
11,953 Brian Lara 17 October 2008 2 years, 327 days
15,921 Sachin Tendulkar current 8 years, 190 days

Last updated: 15 June 2016[38]


Notes:

  • ^[a] Ulyett finished his career with 949 runs
  • ^[b] Murdoch finished his career with 908 runs
  • ^[c] Darling finished his career with 1,657 runs
  • ^[d] Gregory finished his career with 2,282 runs
  • ^[e] MacLaren finished his career with 1,931 runs
  • ^[f] Cowdrey finished his career with 7,624 runs

Most runs in each batting position

Batting position Player Runs Average
Opener England Alastair Cook 10430 45.95
Number 3 Sri Lanka Kumar Sangakkara 11679 60.83
Number 4 India Sachin Tendulkar 13492 54.40
Number 5 West Indies Cricket Board Shivnarine Chanderpaul 6883 56.42
Number 6 Australia Steve Waugh 3165 51.05
Number 7 Australia Adam Gilchrist 3948 46.45
Number 8 New Zealand Daniel Vettori 2227 39.77
Number 9 England Stuart Broad 1173 20.95
Number 10 South Africa Dale Steyn 502 12.55
Number 11 Sri Lanka Muttiah Muralitharan 623 11.33

Last updated: 17 March 2017[39]

Highest career batting average

Highest career average
Average Player Period
99.94 (80 innings) Donald Bradman 1928–1948
61.87 (31 innings) Adam Voges 2015–2016
61.05 (100 innings) Steve Smith dagger 2010–2017
60.97 (41 innings) Graeme Pollock 1963–1970
60.83 (40 innings) George Headley 1930–1954

Qualification: 20 innings.
Last updated: 28 March 2017[40]

Notes:
  • If the qualification is removed, the highest career batting average list is topped by Andy Ganteaume, who scored 112 in his only Test innings[41]

Innings or series

Highest individual score (see also List of Test cricket triple centuries)
Runs Player Opponent Venue Season
400* Brian Lara  England Antigua Recreation Ground, St. John's 2003–04
380 Matthew Hayden  Zimbabwe WACA Ground, Perth 2003–04
375 Brian Lara  England Antigua Recreation Ground, St. John's 1993–94
374 Mahela Jayawardene  South Africa Sinhalese Sports Club Ground, Colombo 2006
365* Garfield Sobers  Pakistan Sabina Park, Kingston 1957–58

Last updated: 15 June 2015[42]

Highest individual score – progression of record
Runs Player Opponent Venue Season Test match Number
165* Charles Bannerman  England Melbourne Cricket Ground 1876–77 Test No. 1
211 Billy Murdoch  England The Oval, London 1884 Test No. 16
287 Tip Foster  Australia Sydney Cricket Ground 1903–04 Test No. 78
325 Andy Sandham  West Indies Sabina Park, Kingston 1929–30 Test No. 193
334 Donald Bradman  England Headingley, Leeds 1930 Test No. 196
336* Wally Hammond  New Zealand Eden Park, Auckland 1932–33 Test No. 226
364 Len Hutton  Australia The Oval, London 1938 Test No. 266
365* Garfield Sobers  Pakistan Sabina Park, Kingston 1957–58 Test No. 452
375 Brian Lara  England Antigua Recreation Ground, St. John's 1993–94 Test No. 1259
380 Matthew Hayden  Zimbabwe WACA Ground, Perth 2003–04 Test No. 1661
400* Brian Lara  England Antigua Recreation Ground, St. John's 2003–04 Test No. 1696

Last updated: 15 June 2016[43]

Most runs in a match
Runs Scores Player Match
456 333 and 123 Graham Gooch v  India at Lord's, 1990
426 334* and 92 Mark Taylor v  Pakistan at Peshawar, 1998–99
424 319 and 105 Kumar Sangakkara v  Bangladesh at Chittagong, 2013–14
400 400* Brian Lara v  England at St John's, Antigua, 2003–04
380 247* and 133 Greg Chappell v  New Zealand at Wellington, 1973–74
380 Matthew Hayden v  Zimbabwe at Perth, 2003–04

Last updated: 15 June 2016[44]

Most runs in a series
Runs Player Series
974 (7 innings) Donald Bradman v  England, 1930
905 (9 innings) Wally Hammond v  Australia, 1928–29
839 (11 innings) Mark Taylor v  England, 1989
834 (9 innings) Neil Harvey v  South Africa, 1952–53
829 (7 innings) Viv Richards v  England, 1976
827 (10 innings) Clyde Walcott v  Australia, 1955
824 (8 innings) Gary Sobers v  Pakistan, 1957–58
810 (9 innings) Donald Bradman v  England, 1936–37
806 (5 innings) Donald Bradman v  South Africa, 1931–32
798 (8 innings) Brian Lara v  England, 1993–94

Last updated: 15 June 2016[45]

Most runs in a calendar year
Runs Player Average Year
1788 Mohammad Yousuf 99.33 2006
1710 Vivian Richards 90.00 1976
1656 Graeme Smith 72.00 2008
1595 Michael Clarke 106.33 2012
1562 Sachin Tendulkar 78.10 2010

Last updated: 15 June 2015[46]

Highest scores at each batting position

Batting position Player Score Opponent Venue Date
Opener Australia Matthew Hayden 380  Zimbabwe WACA Ground 9 October 2003
Number 3 West Indies Cricket Board Brian Lara 400*  England Antigua Recreation Ground 10 April 2004
Number 4 Sri Lanka Mahela Jayawardene 374  South Africa Sinhalese Sports Club Ground 27 July 2006
Number 5 Australia Michael Clarke 329*  India Sydney Cricket Ground 3 January 2012
Number 6 England Ben Stokes 258  South Africa Newlands Cricket Ground 2 January 2016
Number 7 Australia Donald Bradman 270  England Melbourne Cricket Ground 1 January 1937
Number 8 Pakistan Wasim Akram 257*  Zimbabwe Sheikhupura Stadium 17 October 1996
Number 9 New Zealand Ian Smith 173  India Eden Park 22 February 1990
Number 10 England Walter Read 117  Australia Kennington Oval 11 August 1884
Number 11 Australia Ashton Agar dagger 98  England Trent Bridge 10 July 2013

Last updated: 17 March January 2017[47]

Innings as captain

Highest individual score as captain
Runs Player Opponent Venue Season
400* Brian Lara  England Antigua Recreation Ground, St. John's 2003–04
374 Mahela Jayawardene  South Africa Sinhalese Sports Club Ground, Colombo 2006
334* Mark Taylor  Pakistan Arbab Niaz Stadium, Peshawar 1998
333 Graham Gooch  India Lord's, London 1990
329* Michael Clarke  India Sydney Cricket Ground, Sydney 2012

Last updated: 15 June 2015[48]

Most runs in an over

Runs Sequence Batsman Bowler Venue Season
28 4–6–6–4–4–4 Brian Lara Robin Peterson Wanderers Stadium, Johannesburg 2003–04
4–6–2–4–6–6 George Bailey James Anderson dagger WACA, Perth 2013–14
27 6–6–6–6–2–1 Shahid Afridi Harbhajan Singh dagger Gaddafi Stadium, Lahore 2005–06
26 4–4–6–0–6–6 Mitchell Johnson Paul Harris Wanderers Stadium, Johannesburg 2008–09
4–0–6–6–6–4 Brian Lara Danish Kaneria Multan Cricket Stadium 2006–07
4–4–4–4–6–4 Craig McMillan Younis Khan dagger Seddon Park, Hamilton 2000–01
4–6–6–0–4–6 Brendon McCullum Suranga Lakmal Hagley Oval, Christchurch, New Zealand 2014–15

Last updated: 15 June 2016[49]

Centuries

Most Test centuries

Centuries Player Matches Innings Inns/Century
51 Sachin Tendulkar 200 329 6.4
45 Jacques Kallis 166 280 6.2
41 Ricky Ponting 168 287 7.0
38 Kumar Sangakkara 132 229 6
36 Rahul Dravid 164 286 7.9

Last updated: 15 June 2016[50]

Fastest Test centuries
No. of balls Player Opponent Venue Season
54 Brendon McCullum  Australia Hagley Oval, Christchurch 2015–16
56 Viv Richards  England Antigua Recreation Ground, St. John's 1985–86
Misbah-ul-Haq dagger  Australia Sheikh Zayed Cricket Stadium, Abu Dhabi 2014
57 Adam Gilchrist  England WACA Ground, Perth 2006–07
67 Jack Gregory  South Africa Old Wanderers, Johannesburg 1921–22

Last updated: 15 June 2016[51]

Most Test double centuries
Double centuries Player Matches
12 Donald Bradman 52
11 Kumar Sangakkara 130
9 Brian Lara 131
7 Wally Hammond 85
Mahela Jayawardene 149

Last updated: 15 June 2016[52]

Most Test triple centuries
Triple centuries Player Matches
2 Donald Bradman 52
Virender Sehwag 104
Chris Gayle 103
Brian Lara 131

Last updated: 11 December 2016[53]

Note:

21 other players have scored a triple century in a Test: see List of Test cricket triple centuries for more details[54]

Most Test quadruple centuries
Quadruple centuries Player Matches
1 Brian Lara 131

Last updated: 15 June 2016[55]

Half Centuries

Most Test 50+

50+ Player Matches Innings
119 Sachin Tendulkar 200 329
103 Jacques Kallis 166 280
103 Ricky Ponting 168 287
99 Rahul Dravid 164 286
96 Shivnarine Chanderpaul 164 280

Last updated: 15 June 2016[56]

Fastest Test half-centuries
No. of balls Player Opponent Venue Season
21 Misbah-ul-Haq dagger Australia Sheikh Zayed Stadium, Abu Dhabi 2014/15
24 Jacques Kallis Zimbabwe Newlands Cricket Ground, Cape Town 2004/05
25 Shane Shillingford New Zealand Sabina Park, Kingston 2014
26 Shahid Afridi India M Chinnaswamy Stadium, Bangalore 2004/05
Mohammad Ashraful India Sher-e-Bangla Cricket Stadium, Mirpur 2007
Dale Steyn dagger West Indies St. George's Park, Port Elizabeth 2014/15

Last updated: 15 June 2016[57]

Most fours in career

Fours Player Innings
2058+ India Sachin Tendulkar 329
1654 India Rahul Dravid 286
1559 West Indies Cricket Board Brian Lara 232
1509 Australia Ricky Ponting 287
1491 Sri Lanka Kumar Sangakkara 233

Last updated: 15 February 2016[58] Notes:

  • ^[a] "+" means the completed career records aren't known

Individual records (bowling)

Career

Most wickets in a career
Wickets Player Matches Average
800 Muttiah Muralitharan 133 22.72
708 Shane Warne 145 25.41
619 Anil Kumble 132 29.65
563 Glenn McGrath 124 21.64
519 Courtney Walsh 132 24.44

Last updated: 15 June 2016[59]

Most wickets in a career – Progression of record
Wickets Player Matches Average Record held until Duration of record
8[a] Alfred Shaw 1 10.75 31 March 1877 16 days
14 Tom Kendall 2 15.35 4 January 1879 1 year, 279 days
94[b] Fred Spofforth 18 18.41 12 January 1895 16 years, 8 days
118 Johnny Briggs 33 17.75 2 January 1904 8 years, 355 days
141 Hugh Trumble 32 21.78 13 December 1913 9 years, 345 days
189 Sydney Barnes 27 16.43 4 January 1936 22 years, 22 days
216 Clarrie Grimmett 37 24.21 24 July 1953 17 years, 201 days
236 Alec Bedser 51 24.89 26 January 1963 9 years, 186 days
242[c] Brian Statham 67 24.27 15 March 1963 48 days
307 Fred Trueman 67 21.57 1 February 1976 12 years, 323 days
309 Lance Gibbs 79 29.09 27 December 1981 5 years, 329 days
355 Dennis Lillee 70 23.92 21 August 1986 4 years, 237 days
373[d] Ian Botham 94 27.86 12 November 1988 2 years, 83 days
431 Richard Hadlee 86 22.29 8 February 1994 5 years, 88 days
434 Kapil Dev 131 29.64 27 March 2000 6 years, 48 days
519 Courtney Walsh 132 24.44 8 May 2004 4 years, 42 days
532[e] Muttiah Muralitharan 91 22.87 15 October 2004 160 days
708 Shane Warne 145 25.41 3 December 2007 3 years, 49 days
800 Muttiah Muralitharan 133 22.72 Current 9 years, 143 days

Notes
^[a] Allen Hill took the first Test wicket, but only two in the First Test match. Alfred Shaw (3/51 & 5/35) and Tom Kendall (1/54 & 7/55) both took eight wickets, but as Australia batted first Shaw was the first to take five wickets in an innings and the first to take eight Test wickets. Kendall overtook him in the Second Test and Shaw subsequently increased his total to 12 wickets (15.35) in seven Tests[60]
^[b] Johnny Briggs equalled Fred Spofforth's record of 94 Test wickets on 29 December 1894 in the Second Test at Melbourne, as did Charles Turner two days later. Briggs overook Turner and Spofforth in the Third Test at Adelaide, which Turner missed, and became the first man to claim 100 Test wickets on 1 February 1895 in the Fourth Test at Sydney. Turner became the second three days later and ended with a total of 101 wickets (16.53) in 17 Tests[61]
^[c] Fred Trueman overtook Brian Statham's then record of 242 Test wickets and Statham subsequently increased his total to 252 wickets (24.84) in 70 Tests
^[d] Richard Hadlee overtook Ian Botham's then record of 373 Test wickets and Botham subsequently increased his total to 383 wickets (28.40) in 102 Tests
^[e] Shane Warne overtook Muttiah Muralitharan's then record of 532 Test wickets and Muralitharan subsequently increased his total to 800 wickets (22.72) in 133 Tests[62]

Best career average
Average Player Balls Wickets
10.75 George Lohmann 3,830 112
12.70 / John Ferris[a] 2,302 61
15.54 Billy Barnes 2,289 51
16.42 Billy Bates 2,364 50
16.43 Sydney Barnes 7,873 189

Qualification: 2000 balls bowled
Last updated: 15 June 2016[63]


Note: If the qualification is removed, the best career average record is at 0.00 runs per wicket (i.e. no runs were conceded). This record is shared by Englishmen A N Hornby, Wilf Barber and New Zealander, Bruce Murray who took one wicket without conceding a run[64]


  • ^[a] John Ferris was one of a few cricketers to play Test cricket for more than one country. He played in eight Tests for Australia from 1886–87 and a single Test for England in South Africa in 1891–92.[65]
Best career strike rate
Strike rate Player Balls Wickets
34.1 George Lohmann 3,830 112
37.7 / J. J. Ferris 2,302 61
38.7 Shane Bond 3,372 87
40.8 Kagiso Rabada dagger 2,900 71
41.4 Dale Steyn dagger 17,286 417

Qualification: 2000 balls bowled
Last updated: 29 March 2017[66]

Most 5 wickets in an innings
5 wickets in an innings Player Matches
67 Muttiah Muralitharan 133
37 Shane Warne 145
36 Richard Hadlee 86
35 Anil Kumble 132
29 Glenn McGrath 124

Last updated: 15 June 2016[67]

Most 10 wickets in a match
10 wickets in a match Player Matches
22 Muttiah Muralitharan 133
10 Shane Warne 145
9 Richard Hadlee 86
8 Anil Kumble 132
7 Sydney Barnes 27
Ravichandran Ashwin dagger 48
Clarrie Grimmett 37
Dennis Lillee 70
Rangana Herath dagger 80

Last updated: 20 March 2017[68]

Series

Most wickets in a series
Wickets Player Series
49 (4 Tests) Sydney Barnes v  South Africa 1913–14
46 (5 Tests) Jim Laker v  Australia, 1956
44 (5 Tests) Clarrie Grimmett v  South Africa 1935–36
42 (6 Tests) Terry Alderman v  England, 1981
41 (6 Tests) Terry Alderman v  England, 1989
Rodney Hogg v  England , 1978–79

Last updated: 15 June 2016[69]

Innings

Best figures in an innings
Bowling Player Opponent Venue Season
10–53 Jim Laker  Australia (2nd innings) Old Trafford, Manchester 1956
10–74 Anil Kumble  Pakistan Feroz Shah Kotla, Delhi 1998–99
9–28 George Lohmann  South Africa Old Wanderers, Johannesburg 1895–96
9–37 Jim Laker  Australia (1st innings) Old Trafford, Manchester 1956
9–51 Muttiah Muralitharan  Zimbabwe Asgiriya Stadium, Kandy 2001–02

Last updated: 15 June 2016[70]

Best figures in an innings – progression of record
Bowling Player Opponent Venue Season
7–55 Tom Kendall
(in the inaugural Test match)
 England Melbourne Cricket Ground 1876–77
7–44 Fred Spofforth  England The Oval, London 1882
7–28 Billy Bates  Australia Melbourne Cricket Ground 1882–83
8–35 George Lohmann  Australia Sydney Cricket Ground 1886–87
8–11 Johnny Briggs  South Africa Newlands Cricket Ground, Cape Town 1888–89
8–7 George Lohmann  South Africa St. George's Park, Port Elizabeth 1895–96
9–28 George Lohmann  South Africa Old Wanderers, Johannesburg 1895–96
10–53 Jim Laker  Australia Old Trafford, Manchester 1956

Calculated at the conclusion of each Test
Last updated: 15 June 2016

Match records

Best figures in a match
Bowling Player Opponent Venue Season
19–90 Jim Laker  Australia Manchester, England, 1956
17–159 Sydney Barnes  South Africa Old Wanderers, Johannesburg 1913–14
16–136 Narendra Hirwani  West Indies M. A. Chidambaram Stadium, Chennai 1987–88
16–137 Bob Massie  England Lord's, London 1972
16–220 Muttiah Muralitharan  England The Oval, London 1998

Last updated: 15 June 2016[71]

Innings as captain

Best figures in an innings as captain
Bowling Player Opponent Venue Season
9-83 Kapil Dev  West Indies Sardar Patel Stadium, Ahmedabad 1983
8-60 Imran Khan  India National Stadium, Karachi, Karachi 1982
8-63 Rangana Herath  Zimbabwe Harare Sports Club, Harare 2016
8-106 Kapil Dev  Australia Adelaide Oval, Adelaide 1985
7-37 Courtney Walsh  New Zealand Basin Reserve, Wellington 1995

Last updated: 16 March 2017[72]

Match records as captain

Best figures in a match
Bowling Player Opponent Venue Season
13-55 Courtney Walsh  New Zealand Basin Reserve, Wellington, New Zealand 1995
13-135 Waqar Younis  Zimbabwe Southend Club Cricket Stadium, Karachi, Pakistan 1993
13-152 Rangana Herath  Zimbabwe Harare Sports Club, Harare, Zimbabwe 2016
12-100 Fazal Mahmood  West Indies Bangabandhu National Stadium, Dhaka, Bangladesh 1959
11-79 Imran Khan  India National Stadium, Karachi, Pakistan 1982

Last updated: 15 June 2016[73]

Individual records (fielding)

Most catches in Test career

Catches Player Matches
210 Rahul Dravid 164
205 Mahela Jayawardene 149
200 Jacques Kallis 166
196 Ricky Ponting 168
181 Mark Waugh 128
Note:The list excludes catches made as wicket-keeper[74] Last updated: 15 June 2016

Individual records (wicket-keeping)

Most dismissals
Dismissals Player Matches
555 (532 catches + 23 stumpings) Mark Boucher 147
416 (379 catches + 37 stumpings) Adam Gilchrist 96
395 (366 catches + 29 stumpings) Ian Healy 119
355 (343 catches + 12 stumpings) Rod Marsh 96
294 (256 catches + 38 stumpings) MS Dhoni 90

Last updated: 15 June 2016[75]

Most catches
Catches Player Matches
532 Mark Boucher 147
379 Adam Gilchrist 96
366 Ian Healy 119
343 Rod Marsh 96
265 Jeff Dujon 81

Last updated: 15 June 2016[76]

Most stumpings
Stumpings Player Matches
52 Bert Oldfield 54
46 Godfrey Evans 91
38 Syed Kirmani 88
MS Dhoni 90
37 Adam Gilchrist 96

Last updated: 15 June 2016[77]

Individual records (as an all-rounder)

10 Wickets and a Century in a Test match
Player Runs Wickets Date Opponent Venue
Ian Botham[78] 114 13/109 15 February 1980  India Mumbai, India
Imran Khan[78] 117 11/180 3 January 1983  India Faisalabad, Pakistan
Shakib Al Hasan[78] 137 10/124 3 November 2014  Zimbabwe Khulna, Bangladesh

Last updated: 15 June 2016[79]

Individual records (other)

Most matches played
Matches Player Period
200 Sachin Tendulkar 1989–2013
168 Steve Waugh 1985–2004
Ricky Ponting 1995–2012
166 Jacques Kallis 1995–2013
164 Rahul Dravid 1996–2012
Shivnarine Chanderpaul 1994–2015

Last updated: 15 June 2016[80]

Most matches played as captain
Matches Player Won Lost Drawn Tied
109 Graeme Smith 53 29 27 0
93 Allan Border 32 22 38 1
80 Stephen Fleming 28 27 25 0
77 Ricky Ponting 48 16 13 0
74 Clive Lloyd 36 12 26 0

Last updated: 15 June 2016[81]

Most matches won as captain
Won Player Lost Drawn Ties Matches
53 Graeme Smith 26 26 0 109
48 Ricky Ponting 16 13 0 77
41 Steve Waugh 9 7 0 57
36 Clive Lloyd 12 26 0 74
32 Allan Border 22 38 1 93

Last updated: 15 June 2016[82]

Partnership records

Highest partnership for each wicket

Partnership Runs Team Players Opposition Venue Season
1st wicket 415  South Africa Graeme Smith (232) Neil McKenzie (226)  Bangladesh Chittagong Divisional Stadium 2008
2nd wicket 576  Sri Lanka Sanath Jayasuriya (340) Roshan Mahanama (225)  India Ranasinghe Premadasa Stadium, Colombo 1997–98
3rd wicket 624  Sri Lanka Kumar Sangakkara (287) Mahela Jayawardene (374)  South Africa Sinhalese Sports Club Ground, Colombo 2006
4th wicket 449  Australia Adam Voges (269*) Shaun Marsh dagger (182)  West Indies Bellerive Oval, Hobart 2015–16
5th wicket 405  Australia Sid Barnes (234) Donald Bradman (234)  England Sydney Cricket Ground 1946–47
6th wicket 399  England Ben Stokes dagger (258) Jonny Bairstow dagger (150*)  South Africa Newlands Cricket Ground, Cape Town 2015–16
7th wicket 347  West Indies Denis Atkinson (219) Clairmonte Depeiaza (122)  Australia Kensington Oval, Bridgetown 1954–55
8th wicket 332  England Jonathan Trott (184) Stuart Broad dagger (169)  Pakistan Lord's, London 2010
9th wicket 195  South Africa Mark Boucher (78) Pat Symcox (108)  Pakistan New Wanderers Stadium, Johannesburg 1997–98
10th wicket 198  England Joe Root dagger (154*) James Anderson dagger (81)  India Trent Bridge, Nottingham 2014

Last updated: 15 June 2016[83]

Highest partnerships

Runs Team Players Opposition Venue Season
624 (3rd wicket)  Sri Lanka Kumar Sangakkara (287) Mahela Jayawardene (374)  South Africa Sinhalese Sports Club Ground, Colombo 2006
576 (2nd wicket)  Sri Lanka Sanath Jayasuriya (340) Roshan Mahanama (225)  India Ranasinghe Premadasa Stadium, Colombo 1997–98
467 (3rd wicket)  New Zealand Andrew Jones (186) Martin Crowe (299)  Sri Lanka Basin Reserve, Wellington 1990–91
451 (2nd wicket)  Australia Bill Ponsford (266) Donald Bradman (244)  England The Oval, London 1934
451 (3rd wicket)  Pakistan Mudassar Nazar (231) Javed Miandad (280*)  India Niaz Stadium, Hyderabad 1982–83

Last updated: 15 June 2016[84]

See also

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External links