Arun Jaitley Stadium

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Arun Jaitley Stadium
Kotla
Arun Jaitley Stadium during India vs Australia 2019 ODI.jpg
IPL 2017 evening.jpg
Firoze shah.jpg
FerozShah Kotla IPL2017.jpg
Arun Jaitley Stadium from different view-points
Full nameArun Jaitley Stadium
Former namesFeroz Shah Kotla Ground
LocationBahadur Shah Zafar Marg, Delhi
OwnerDelhi District Cricket Association
OperatorDelhi District Cricket Association
Capacity41,820[1]
SurfaceGrass (Oval)
Construction
Construction cost₹114 crore
Kotla
Ground information
Coordinates28°42′11″N 77°7′56″E / 28.70306°N 77.13222°E / 28.70306; 77.13222Coordinates: 28°42′11″N 77°7′56″E / 28.70306°N 77.13222°E / 28.70306; 77.13222
Establishment1883
TenantsIndia national cricket team
Delhi cricket team
Delhi Capitals
End names
Stadium End FerozShahKotlaCricketGroundPitchDimensions.svg
Pavilion End
International information
First Test10–14 November 1948:
 India v  West Indies
Last Test2–6 December 2017:
 India v  Sri Lanka
First ODI15 September 1982:
 India v  Sri Lanka
Last ODI13 March 2019:
 India v  Australia
First T20I23 March 2016:
 Afghanistan v  England
Last T20I1 November 2017:
 India v  New Zealand
As of 31 December 2019
Source: CricInfo

Arun Jaitley Stadium (previously Feroz Shah Kotla Ground) is a cricket stadium located at Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg, New Delhi.[2][3] Established in 1883 as the Feroz Shah Kotla Ground (being near the Kotla fort), it is the second oldest international cricket stadium still functional in India, after the Eden Gardens in Kolkata. As a matter of felicitation, the DDCA named three stands of the stadium after former India captain Bishan Singh Bedi, former India all-rounder Mohinder Amarnath and current captain Virat Kohli. It was also decided to name the home team's dressing room after Raman Lamba and the opposition's dressing room after Prakash Bhandari.[4]

As of 2016, the India national cricket team has been undefeated for over 28 years in Test matches and for over 10 years in ODI matches at this ground.[5]

Formerly Sunil Gavaskar hit his 29th test ton in this ground to equal Don Bradman's then record tally of 29 centuries. The ground is also known for Anil Kumble's 10 wickets in an innings against Pakistan and Sachin Tendulkar's 35th test ton to overcome Gavaskar to become the batsman with the most international Test centuries. As of 1 Nov, 2017 it has hosted 32 Tests, 20 ODIs and 2 T20I.

On 12 September 2019, the stadium was renamed in memory of former Finance Minister & former DDCA President Arun Jaitley.The decision to name the stadium after the politician, who was once the president of DDCA and also the vice-president of the BCCI came after he died on 24 August 2019. Speaking on the name change, current DDCA president Rajat Sharma said: "It was Arun Jaitley's support and encouragement that players like Virat Kohli, Virender Sehwag, Gautam Gambhir, Ashish Nehra, Rishabh Pant and many others could make India proud."

After announcing the name change, DDCA also put out a clarification stating the stadium is only being renamed but the ground will be still called Feroz Shah Kotla Ground.

History[edit]

The first Test match at this venue was played on 10 November 1948 when India took on the West Indies. It is owned and operated by the DDCA (Delhi District Cricket Association).

Record[edit]

In 1952, playing against Pakistan, Hemu Adhikari and Ghulam Ahmed were involved in a record tenth wicket stand of 109 runs – a record that still stands. In 1965, S Venkataraghavan, in his debut series, demolished the New Zealand line up with figures of 8 for 72 and 4 for 80. In 1969–70, Bishen Singh Bedi and Erapalli Prasanna combined to spin India to a famous seven wicket win over Australia, the duo picking 18 wickets between themselves.[6] In 1981, Geoff Boycott surpassed Gary Sobers' world record test aggregate.

Special achievements[edit]

In 1983–84, Sunil Gavaskar scored his 29th century to equal Don Bradman's long standing record for the highest number of hundreds in Test cricket. In 1999–2000, in a match against Pakistan, Anil Kumble took 10 for 74 in fourth inning of a Test Match and became the second person to take 10 wickets in an innings after Jim Laker. In 2005–06, at the same ground, Sachin Tendulkar broke Gavaskar's record of most centuries with his 35th Test century.[6]

Banned issues[edit]

Embarrassing moment at the Arun Jaitley Stadium as angered fans create bizaare due to cancellation of the match.
Irate fans tear down advertising banners at the Feroz Shah Kotla.

On 27 December 2009, an ODI match between India and Sri Lanka was called off because pitch conditions were classed as unfit to host a match. Based on match referee's report of the match, the ground was banned by ICC for 12 months and returned as one of the venues for the 2011 Cricket World Cup.[7]

Indian Premier League[edit]

A panorama of the Stadium during IPL 2019.

Since 2008 the stadium has been the home venue of the Delhi Capitals (formerly Delhi Daredevils) of the Indian Premier League.

Smog Incident[edit]

Smog at the Arun Jaitley Stadium led to players using air-masks while playing and stoppage of play, one of the rarest kinds of play interruptions in the history of cricket.

During the second day of third test of Sri Lankan cricket team in India in 2017-18 at Delhi, smog forced Sri Lanka cricketers to stop play and wear anti-pollution masks, a rare sight in terms of play interruptions. Cricketer Lahiru Gamage reported to have shortness of breath.[8] Nic Pothas, coach of Sri Lankan cricket team, reported that cricketer Suranga Lakmal had vomited regularly due to severe pollution effect on the Delhi ground. There was a haltage of play between 12:32pm to 12:49pm, which caused Indian coach Ravi Shastri to come out to consult with the on-field umpires.[9] BCCI president C. K. Khanna accused the Sri Lankan team of making fuss while Indian spectators called the team "melodramatic".[10] On day 4, India's Mohammed Shami was also seen vomiting on the field.[11]

Following the match, both participating countries criticised the choice to play the Test in Delhi with the high levels of pollution.[12] The Sri Lanka manager Asanka Gurusinha said that both teams were using oxygen cylinders in their dressing rooms due to breathing difficulties,[12] and suggested the use of air-quality meters in future fixtures.[12] President of the Indian Medical Association, KK Agarwal, said that playing in such conditions could result in lung and heart disease, and recommended the inclusion of atmospheric pollution as a factor in the assessment criteria for a match.[12]

Renaming[edit]

The DDCA announced on 27 August 2019 that the Feroz Shah Kotla Ground would be renamed as Arun Jaitely Stadium, in honour of the late Union Minister and former DDCA President Arun Jaitley, Interestingly the ground would retain the name of Feroze Shah Kotla Ground. Jaitley was credited with turning the stadium into a modern facility, increasing its seating capacity and building better facilities for players during his tenure as DDCA President. The stadium was officially renamed at a function that took place on 12 September 2019. One of the stands of the stadium was named after Indian captain Virat Kohli on the same date.[13][14][15] [16]

Statistics[edit]

A match between India and New Zealand in 2016
IndVNz2016.jpg
Feroz Shah Kotla Cricket Stadium, Delhi.jpg

Indian cricket team have won 10 test matches here till date out of 18 test matches.(Matches which have loss or win)

  • Most successful team overall:- India - 10 wins
  • Most successful visiting team:- England – 3 wins
  • Highest Innings Score : 644/8 by West Indies on 6 February 1959[17]
  • Lowest Innings Score : 75 all out by India on 25 November 1987[18]
  • Wins Batting First : 5
  • Wins Bowling First : 13
  • Average Innings Score :285
  • Most Runs : Dilip Vengsarkar (671 runs)
  • Highest Individual Score : 243 by Virat Kohli v Sri Lanka on 3 December 2017
  • Most Successful Bowler : Anil Kumble (58 wickets)

Various format records[edit]

Test record[edit]

The highest test score on this ground is by West Indies, when scored 644–8 in 1959 and 631 all out in 1948. The next highest score was made by India scoring 613–7 in 2008. The most runs scored here is by Dilip Vengsarkar (673 runs), followed by Sunil Gavaskar (668 runs) and Sachin Tendulkar (643 runs). The most wickets taken here is by Anil Kumble (58 wickets), followed by Kapil Dev (32 wickets)and R Ashwin (27 wickets).

ODI record[edit]

  • Only 2 times has a team scored 300+ runs in an innings .
  • 7 batsmen have scored 100+ .
  • Viv Richards took 6 wicket against India in 1989.

ODI Cricket World Cup[edit]

This stadium has hosted One Day International (ODI) matches when India hosted the Cricket World Cup in 1987, 1996 and 2011.

Twenty20 Internationals[edit]

2016 ICC World Twenty20[edit]

The Arun Jaitley Stadium during WT20 semifinal between New Zealand and England.

The ground was selected to host matches in the 2016 ICC World Twenty20. Three matches from Group A were scheduled to be played here as well as one semi-final. The first ever Twenty20 International held at the ground was a Group A match between England and Afghanistan.

Indian Cricket Team Matches[edit]

The ground hosted a T20I match on 1 November 2017 between India and New Zealand which was the first ever Indian International Twenty-20 at this ground and also the last international match for Ashish Nehra.The north stand of the stadium was named the 'Ashish Nehra Stand' for the match.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Feroz Shah Kotla Stadium Delhi details, matches, stats - Cricbuzz". Cricbuzz. Retrieved 11 April 2018.
  2. ^ http://www.cricwindow.com/Venues/Feroz-Shah-Kotla-New-Delhi.html
  3. ^ "DDCA renames Feroz Shah Kotla as Arun Jaitley stadium".
  4. ^ "Feroz Shah Kotla to name stands after Bedi, Amarnath". Cricbuzz. Retrieved 21 November 2017.
  5. ^ Indian record at the Kotla
  6. ^ a b Feroz Shah Kotla crickinfo.com
  7. ^ No International matches in Feroze Shah Kotla until end 2010
  8. ^ "Pollution stops play at Delhi test match as bowlers struggle to breathe".
  9. ^ "India vs Sri Lanka 3rd test angry Ravi Shastri marched on to the field twitter trolled him". NDTV sports. Retrieved 4 December 2017.
  10. ^ "Cricketers vomiting after fielding in smoggy delhi Sri Lanka coach". The Times of India. Retrieved 4 December 2017.
  11. ^ "SL's struggles with Delhi air may be genuine - Dhawan". ESPN Cricinfo. Retrieved 6 December 2017.
  12. ^ a b c d "Delhi Test draws criticism from SL manager, Indian Medical Association". ESPN Cricinfo. Retrieved 7 December 2017.
  13. ^ "Feroz Shah Kotla stadium in Delhi to be renamed as Arun Jaitley stadium". The Economic Times. 27 August 2019. Retrieved 31 August 2019.
  14. ^ "Delhi's Iconic Feroz Shah Kotla to be Renamed as Arun Jaitley Stadium". News18. 27 August 2019. Retrieved 31 August 2019.
  15. ^ Mukherjee, Abhishek. "Kotla renamed Arun Jaitley stadium, stand named after Kohli". Sportstar. Retrieved 12 September 2019.
  16. ^ "Ferozeshah Kotla renamed Arun Jaitely Stadium". The Times Of India. 13 September 2019. Retrieved 13 September 2019.
  17. ^ "West Indies tour of India, 5th Test: India v West Indies at Delhi, Feb 6-11, 1959". Retrieved 21 October 2016.
  18. ^ "West Indies tour of India, 1st Test: India v West Indies at Delhi, Nov 25-29, 1987". Retrieved 21 October 2016.

External links[edit]