United States District Court for the Northern District of Georgia
|United States District Court for the Northern District of Georgia|
|Location||Richard B. Russell Federal Building|
|Appeals to||Eleventh Circuit|
|Established||August 11, 1848|
|Chief Judge||Timothy Batten|
|Officers of the court|
|U.S. Attorney||Kurt Erskine (acting)|
|U.S. Marshal||Michael S. Yeager|
The United States District Court for the Northern District of Georgia (in case citations, N.D. Ga.) is a United States District Court which serves the residents of forty-six counties. These are divided up into four divisions.
Appeals from cases brought in the Northern District of Georgia are to the United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit (except for patent claims and claims against the U.S. government under the Tucker Act, which are appealed to the Federal Circuit).
The United States District Court for the District of Georgia was one of the original 13 courts established by the Judiciary Act of 1789, 1 Stat. 73, on September 24, 1789. The District was subdivided into Northern and Southern Districts on August 11, 1848, by 9 Stat. 280. The Middle District was formed from portions of those two Districts on May 28, 1926, by 44 Stat. 670.
The United States Attorney's Office for the Northern District of Georgia represents the United States in civil and criminal litigation in the court.
As of May 8, 2021[update]:
|#||Title||Judge||Duty station||Born||Term of service||Appointed by|
|37||Chief Judge||Timothy Batten||Atlanta
|39||District Judge||Steve C. Jones||Atlanta||1957||2011–present||—||—||Obama|
|40||District Judge||Leigh Martin May||Atlanta||1971||2014–present||—||—||Obama|
|41||District Judge||Mark Howard Cohen||Atlanta||1955||2014–present||—||—||Obama|
|42||District Judge||Eleanor Louise Ross||Atlanta||1967||2014–present||—||—||Obama|
|43||District Judge||Michael Lawrence Brown||Atlanta||1968||2018–present||—||—||Trump|
|44||District Judge||William M. Ray II||Atlanta||1963||2018–present||—||—||Trump|
|45||District Judge||J. P. Boulee||Atlanta||1971||2019–present||—||—||Trump|
|46||District Judge||Steven D. Grimberg||Atlanta||1974||2019–present||—||—||Trump|
|19||Senior Judge||Harold Lloyd Murphy||Rome||1927||1977–2017||—||2017–present||Carter|
|21||Senior Judge||Robert L. Vining Jr.||inactive||1931||1979–1996||1995–1996||1996–present||Carter|
|23||Senior Judge||Orinda Dale Evans||inactive||1943||1979–2008||1999–2006||2008–present||Carter|
|29||Senior Judge||Clarence Cooper||Atlanta||1942||1994–2009||—||2009–present||Clinton|
|31||Senior Judge||Willis B. Hunt Jr.||inactive||1932||1995–2005||—||2005–present||Clinton|
|32||Senior Judge||Thomas W. Thrash Jr.||Atlanta||1951||1997–2021||2014–2021||2021–present||Clinton|
|33||Senior Judge||Richard W. Story||Atlanta
|34||Senior Judge||Charles A. Pannell Jr.||Atlanta||1946||1999–2013||—||2013–present||Clinton|
|38||Senior Judge||Amy Totenberg||Atlanta||1950||2011–2021||—||2021–present||Obama|
Vacancies and pending nominations
|Seat||Prior judge's duty station||Seat last held by||Vacancy reason||Date of vacancy||Nominee||Date of nomination|
|7||Atlanta||Amy Totenberg||Senior status||April 3, 2021||–||–|
|12||Thomas W. Thrash Jr.||May 8, 2021||–||–|
|#||Judge||State||Born–died||Active service||Chief Judge||Senior status||Appointed by||Reason for|
|1||John Cochran Nicoll||GA||1793–1863||1848–1861[Note 1][Note 2]||—||—||Van Buren/Operation of law||resignation|
|2||John Erskine||GA||1813–1895||1865–1882[Note 3][Note 2]||—||—||A. Johnson||seat abolished|
|3||Henry Kent McCay||GA||1820–1886||1882–1886||—||—||Arthur||death|
|4||William Truslow Newman||GA||1843–1920||1886–1920[Note 4]||—||—||Cleveland||death|
|5||Samuel Hale Sibley||GA||1873–1958||1919–1931||—||—||Wilson||elevation to 5th Cir.|
|6||Emory Marvin Underwood||GA||1877–1960||1931–1948||—||1948–1960||Hoover||death|
|7||Robert Lee Russell||GA||1900–1955||1940–1949||1949||—||F. Roosevelt||elevation to 5th Cir.|
|8||Maurice Neil Andrews||GA||1894–1967||1949–1950[Note 5]||1949–1950||—||Truman||resignation|
|9||Frank Arthur Hooper||GA||1895–1985||1949–1967[Note 6]||1950–1965||1967–1985||Truman||death|
|10||William Boyd Sloan||GA||1895–1970||1951–1965||—||1965–1970||Truman||death|
|11||Lewis Render Morgan||GA||1913–2001||1961–1968||1965–1968||—||Kennedy||elevation to 5th Cir.|
|12||Sidney Oslin Smith Jr.||GA||1923–2012||1965–1974||1968–1974||—||L. Johnson||resignation|
|13||Newell Edenfield||GA||1911–1981||1967–1981||1974–1976||1981||L. Johnson||death|
|14||Albert John Henderson||GA||1920–1999||1968–1979||1976–1979||—||L. Johnson||elevation to 5th Cir.|
|15||Charles Allen Moye Jr.||GA||1918–2010||1970–1988||1979–1987||1988–2010||Nixon||death|
|16||William Clark O'Kelley||GA||1930–2017||1970–1996||1988–1994||1996–2017||Nixon||death|
|17||Richard Cameron Freeman||GA||1926–1999||1971–1991||—||1991–1999||Nixon||death|
|18||James Clinkscales Hill||GA||1924–2017||1974–1976||—||—||Nixon||elevation to 5th Cir.|
|20||Marvin Herman Shoob||SC||1923–2017||1979–1991||—||1991–2017||Carter||death|
|22||George Ernest Tidwell||GA||1931–2011||1979–1999||1996–1999||1999–2011||Carter||death|
|24||Robert Howell Hall||GA||1921–1995||1979–1990||—||1990–1995||Carter||death|
|26||J. Owen Forrester||GA||1939–2014||1981–2004||—||2004–2014||Reagan||death|
|27||Jack Tarpley Camp Jr.||GA||1943–present||1988–2008||2006–2008||2008–2010||Reagan||retirement|
|28||Julie E. Carnes||GA||1950–present||1992–2014||2009–2014||—||G.H.W. Bush||elevation to 11th Cir.|
|30||Frank M. Hull||GA||1948–present||1994–1997||—||—||Clinton||elevation to 11th Cir.|
|35||Beverly B. Martin||GA||1955–present||2000–2010||—||—||Clinton||elevation to 11th Cir.|
|36||William S. Duffey Jr.||GA||1952–present||2004–2018||—||—||G.W. Bush||retirement|
- Reassigned from the District of Georgia.
- Jointly appointed to the Northern and Southern Districts of Georgia.
- Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 20, 1865, confirmed by the United States Senate on January 22, 1866, and received commission the same day.
- Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 9, 1886, confirmed by the Senate on January 13, 1887, and received commission the same day.
- Recess appointment; resigned before the Senate considered the appointment.
- Recess appointment; formally nominated on January 5, 1950, confirmed by the Senate on February 21, 1950, and received commission on February 23, 1950.
Chief judges have administrative responsibilities with respect to their district court. Unlike the Supreme Court, where one justice is specifically nominated to be chief, the office of chief judge rotates among the district court judges. To be chief, a judge must have been in active service on the court for at least one year, be under the age of 65, and have not previously served as chief judge. A vacancy is filled by the judge highest in seniority among the group of qualified judges. The chief judge serves for a term of seven years or until age 70, whichever occurs first. The age restrictions are waived if no members of the court would otherwise be qualified for the position.
When the office was created in 1948, the chief judge was the longest-serving judge who had not elected to retire on what has since 1958 been known as senior status or declined to serve as chief judge. After August 6, 1959, judges could not become or remain chief after turning 70 years old. The current rules have been in operation since October 1, 1982.
Succession of seats
- Courts of Georgia
- Garcia-Mir v. Meese
- List of current United States district judges
- List of United States federal courthouses in Georgia
- U.S. District Courts of Georgia, Legislative history, Federal Judicial Center.
- Asbury Dickens, A Synoptical Index to the Laws and Treaties of the United States of America (1852), p. 390.
- Alfred Conkling, A Treatise on the Organization, Jurisdiction and Practice of the Courts of the United States (1864), p. 179.