Massachusetts's 1st congressional district

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Massachusetts's 1st congressional district
Massachusetts US Congressional District 1 (since 2013).tif
Massachusetts's 1st congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Current Representative Richard Neal (DSpringfield)
Area 3,101.14 sq mi (8,031.9 km2)
Distribution
  • 69.21% urban
  • 30.79% rural
Population (2000) 634,479
Median income 50,210[1]
Ethnicity
Occupation
Cook PVI D+12[2]

Massachusetts's 1st congressional district is located in western and central Massachusetts. The largest Massachusetts district in area, it covers about one-third of the state and is more rural than the rest. It has the state's highest point, Mount Greylock. The district includes the cities of Springfield, West Springfield, Pittsfield, Holyoke, and Westfield.

The shape of the district underwent some changes effective from the elections of 2012, after Massachusetts congressional redistricting to reflect the 2010 census.[3] The entire Springfield area is included in the new 1st district, and the Worcester County areas of the old 1st district were split between the new 2nd and 3rd districts.

Richard Neal, a Democrat from Springfield, represents the district.

Cities and towns currently in the district[edit]

All of Berkshire County, all of Hampden County (except for Precinct 1A in Palmer), and the following towns and cities:

In Franklin County: Ashfield, Bernardston, Buckland, Charlemont, Colrain, Conway, Hawley, Heath, Leyden, Monroe, Rowe, and Shelburne.

In Hampshire County: Chesterfield, Cummington, Easthampton, Goshen, Granby, Huntington, Middlefield, Plainfield, South Hadley, Southampton, Westhampton, Williamsburg, and Worthington.

In Worcester County: Brookfield, Charlton, Dudley, East Brookfield, Southbridge, Sturbridge, and Warren.

Cities and towns in the district prior to 2013[edit]

When the District was created it covered part of eastern Massachusetts, generally south of Boston.

1840s[edit]

1849: "City of Boston."[4]

1860s[edit]

1862: "All of Barnstable, Dukes and Nantucket counties; the city of New Bedford and towns of Dartmouth and Fairhaven, in Bristol county; the towns of Carver, Kingston, Plymouth, Plympton, Rochester, and Wareham, in Plymouth county."[5]

1870s-1900s[edit]

1910s[edit]

1916: "Berkshire County. Franklin County: Towns of Ashfleld, Buckland, Charlemont, Colrain, Conway, Greenfield, Hawley, Heath, Leyden, Monroe, Rowe, and Shelburne. Hampshire County: Towns of Chesterfield, Cummington, Goshen, Huntington, Middlefield, Plainfield, Southampton, Westhampton and Worthington. Hampden County: City of Holyoke and towns of Blandford, Chester, Granville, Montgomery, Russell, Southwick, Tolland, and Westfield."[6]

1920s-1940s[edit]

1950s-1970s[edit]

1953: "Counties: Berkshire and Franklin. Hamdpen County: Cities of Holyoke and Westfield; towns of Blandford, Chester, Granville, Montgomery, Russell, Southwick, and Tolland. Hampshire County: Towns of Belchertown, Chesterfield, Cummington, Goshen, Huntington, Middlefield, Pelham, Plainfield, Southampton, Westhampton, Williamsburg, and Worthington. Worcester County: Towns of Athol, Petersham, Phillipston, Royalston, and Templeton."[7]

1963: "Berkshire County: Cities of North Adams and Pittsfield. Towns of Adams, Alford, Becket, Cheshire, Clarksburg, Dalton, Egremont, Florida, Great Barrington, Hancock, Hinsdale, Lanesborough, Lee, Lenox, Monterey, Mount Washington, New Ashford, New Marlborough, Otis, Peru, Richmond, Sandisfield, Savoy, Sheffield, Stockbridge, Tyringham, Washington, West Stockbridge, Williamstown, and Windsor. Franklin County: Towns of Ashfield, Bernardston, Buckland, Charlemont, Colrain, Conway, Deerfield, Erving, Gill, Greenfield, Hawley, Heath, Leverett, Leyden, Monroe, Montague, New Salem, Northfield, Orange, Rowe, Shelburne, Shutesbury, Sunderland, Warwick, Wendell, and Whately. Hampden County: Cities of Holyoke and Westfield. Towns of Blandford, Chester, Granville, Montgomery, Russell, Southwick, and Tolland. Hampshire County: City of Northampton. Towns of Amherst, Chesterfield, Cummington, Easthampton, Goshen, Hadley, Hatfield, Huntington, Middlefield, Pelham, Plainfield, Southampton, Westhampton, Williamsburg, and Worthington. Worcester County: Towns of Athol, Petersham, Phillipston, Royalston, and Templeton."[8]

1972: "Berkshire County: All cities and towns. Franklin County: All towns. Hampden County: Cities of Holyoke and Westfield. Towns of Agawam, Blandford, Chester, Granville, Montgomery, Russell, Southwick, Tolland, and West Springfield. Hampshire County: City of Northampton. Towns of Amherst, Chesterfield, Cummington, Easthampton, Goshen, Hadley, Hatfield, Huntington, Middlefield, Pelham, Plainfleld, Southampton, Westhampton, Williamsburg, and Worthington. Worcester County: Towns of Athol, Barre, Hardwick, Hubbardston, New Braintree, Oakham, Petersham, Phillipston, Royalston. Rutland, and Templeton."[9]

1973: "Berkshire County: All cities and towns. Franklin County: All towns except Orange. Hampden County: Cities of Holyoke and Westfleld. Towns of Agawam, Blandford, Chester, Granville, Montgomery, Russell, Southwick, Tolland, West Springfield. Hampshire County: City of Northampton. All towns."[10]

2003-2013[edit]

2003 - 2013

The district contains all of Berkshire County and Franklin County as well the following towns and cities:

In Hampden County: Blandford, Chester, Granville, Holyoke, Montgomery, Russell, Southwick, Tolland, Westfield, West Springfield.

In Hampshire County: Amherst, Belchertown, Chesterfield, Cummington, Easthampton, Goshen, Granby, Hatfield, Huntington, Middlefield, Pelham, Plainfield, Southampton, Ware, Westhampton, Williamsburg, Worthington.

In Middlesex County: Ashby, Pepperell, Townsend.

In Worcester County: Ashburnham, Athol, Barre, Fitchburg, Gardner, Hardwick, Hubbardston, Leominster, Lunenburg, New Braintree, Oakham, Petersham, Phillipston, Royalston, Sterling, Templeton, West Brookfield, Westminster, Winchendon.

List of representatives[edit]

Representative Party Years ↑ Cong
ress
Electoral history
Fisher Ames - Project Gutenberg eText 15391.jpg Fisher Ames Pro-
Administration
March 4, 1789 –
March 3, 1793
1
2
First elected in 1788.
Re-elected in 1790.
General ticket:
Four members
from the
same district

March 4, 1793 –
March 3, 1795
3 Re-elected in 1792 with three others on a general ticket.
Redistricted to the 8th district.
Samuel Dexter.jpg Samuel Dexter Pro-
Administration
Elected in 1792 with three others on a general ticket.
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Goodhue.jpg Benjamin Goodhue Pro-
Administration
Redistricted from the 2nd district and re-elected in 1792 with three others on a general ticket.
Redistricted to the 10th district.
Samuel Holten (Massachusetts Congressman).jpg Samuel Holten Anti-
Administration
Elected in 1792 with three others on a general ticket.
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
TheodoreSedgwick.jpg Theodore Sedgwick Federalist March 4, 1795 –
June 11, 1796
4 Redistricted from the 2nd district and re-elected in 1794.
Resigned to become U.S. Senator.
Vacant June 1796 –
January 27, 1797
Thomson Joseph Skinner (Massachusetts Congressman).jpg Thomson J. Skinner Democratic-
Republican
January 27, 1797 –
March 3, 1799
First elected to finish Sedgwick's term.
Re-elected in 1796.
5
TheodoreSedgwick.jpg Theodore Sedgwick Federalist March 4, 1799 –
March 3, 1801
6 Elected in 1798.
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
No image.svg John Bacon Democratic-
Republican
March 4, 1801 –
March 3, 1803
7 Elected in 1800.
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
William Eustis.jpg William Eustis Democratic-
Republican
March 4, 1803 –
March 3, 1805
8 Redistricted from the 8th district and re-elected in 1802.
Lost re-election.
Josiah Quincy.jpg Josiah Quincy III Federalist March 4, 1805 –
March 3, 1813
9 First elected in 1804.
Re-elected in 1806.
Re-elected in 1808.
Re-elected in 1810.
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
10
11
12
No image.svg Artemas Ward Jr. Federalist March 4, 1813 –
March 3, 1817
13 First elected in 1812.
Re-elected in 1814.
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
14
JonathanMason.jpg Jonathan Mason Federalist March 4, 1817 –
May 15, 1820
15 First elected in 1817 to Representative-elect James Lloyd's term.
Re-elected in 1818.
Resigned to pursue law practice.
16
Vacant May 15, 1820 –
November 6, 1820
No image.svg Benjamin Gorham Democratic-
Republican
November 6, 1820 –
March 3, 1823
First elected in 1820 to finish Mason's term.
Re-elected in 1820.
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
17
Daniel Webster by Gilbert Stuart 1825.jpeg Daniel Webster Adams-Clay
Federalist
March 4, 1823 –
March 3, 1825
18 Elected in 1822.
Re-elected in 1824.
Re-elected in 1826, but resigned to become U.S. Senator
Adams March 4, 1825 –
May 30, 1827
19
20
Vacant May 30, 1827 –
July 23, 1827
No image.svg Benjamin Gorham Adams July 23, 1827 –
March 3, 1829
First elected in 1827 to finish Webster's term.
Re-elected in 1828.
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Anti-
Jacksonian
March 4, 1829 –
March 3, 1831
21
Nathan Appleton.jpg Nathan Appleton Anti-
Jacksonian
March 4, 1831 –
March 3, 1833
22 Elected in 1830.
Retired.
No image.svg Benjamin Gorham Anti-
Jacksonian
March 4, 1833 –
March 3, 1835
23 Elected in 1832.
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Abbott Lawrence.jpg Abbott Lawrence Anti-
Jacksonian
March 4, 1835 –
March 3, 1837
24 Elected in 1834.
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Richard Fletcher ASA.jpg Richard Fletcher Whig March 4, 1837 –
March 3, 1839
25 Elected in 1836.
Retired.
Abbott Lawrence.jpg Abbott Lawrence Whig March 4, 1839 –
September 18, 1840
26 Elected in 1838.
Resigned.
Vacant September 18, 1840 –
November 9, 1840
Robert Charles Winthrop.jpg Robert C. Winthrop Whig November 9, 1840 –
May 25, 1842
First elected in 1840 to finish Lawrence's term and to the next term.
Resigned.
27
Vacant May 25, 1842 –
June 9, 1842
Nathan Appleton.jpg Nathan Appleton Whig June 9, 1842 –
September 28, 1842
First elected to finish Winthrop's term.
Resigned.
Vacant September 28, 1842 –
November 29, 1842
Robert Charles Winthrop.jpg Robert C. Winthrop Whig
November 29, 1842 –
July 30, 1850
27 First elected in 1842 to finish Appleton's term and to the next term.
Re-elected in 1844.
Re-elected in 1846.
Re-elected in 1848.
Resigned to become U.S. Senator.
28
29
30
31
Vacant July 30, 1850 –
August 22, 1850
Samuel Atkins Eliot (politician) Picture.png Samuel A. Eliot Whig August 22, 1850 –
March 3, 1851
Elected in 1850 to finish Winthrop's term.
Retired.
William Appleton by Southworth & Hawes c1852.png William Appleton Whig March 4, 1851 –
March 3, 1853
32 First elected in 1850.
Redistricted to the 5th district
ZenoScudder.jpg Zeno Scudder Whig March 4, 1853 –
March 3, 1854
33 Redistricted from the 10th district and re-elected in 1852.
Retired because of injury.
Vacant March 4, 1854 –
April 17, 1854
Thomas D. Eliot.png Thomas D. Eliot Whig April 17, 1854 –
March 4, 1855
Elected in 1854 to finish Scudder's term.
Retired.
Robert B. Hall (Massachusetts Congressman).jpg Robert B. Hall American
(Know Nothing)
March 4, 1855 –
March 3, 1857
34 First elected in 1854.
Re-elected in 1856.
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Republican March 4, 1857 –
March 3, 1859
35
Thomas D. Eliot.png Thomas D. Eliot Republican March 4, 1859 –
March 3, 1869
36 First elected in 1858.
Re-elected in 1860.
Re-elected in 1862.
Re-elected in 1864.
Re-elected in 1866.
Retired.
37[11]
38
39
40
JBuffington.jpg James Buffinton Republican March 4, 1869 –
March 7, 1875
41[12] First elected in 1868.
Re-elected in 1870.
Re-elected in 1872.
Re-elected in 1874.
Died.
42
43
44
Vacant March 7, 1875 –
November 2, 1875
William Wallace Crapo.png William W. Crapo Republican November 2, 1875 –
March 3, 1883
First elected in 1875 to finish Buffinton's term.
Re-elected in 1876.
Re-elected in 1878.
Re-elected in 1880.
Retired.
45[13]
46
47[14]
RobertTDavis.jpg Robert T. Davis Republican March 4, 1883 –
March 3, 1889
48 First elected in 1882.
Re-elected in 1884.
Re-elected in 1886.
Retired.
49
50
Charles Sturtevant Randall.png Charles S. Randall Republican March 4, 1889 –
March 3, 1893
51 First elected in 1888.
Re-elected in 1890.
Redistricted to the 13th district
52
Ashley B. Wright.png Ashley B. Wright Republican March 4, 1893 –
August 14, 1897
53 First elected in 1892.
Re-elected in 1894.
Re-elected in 1896.
Died.
54
55[15]
Vacant August 14, 1897 –
November 2, 1897
George P Lawrence Massachusetts Congressman circa 1908.png George P. Lawrence Republican November 2, 1897 –
March 3, 1913
First elected in 1897 to finish Wright's term.
Re-elected in 1898.
Re-elected in 1900.
Re-elected in 1902.
Re-elected in 1904.
Re-elected in 1906.
Re-elected in 1908.
Re-elected in 1910.
Retired.
56
57
58[16]
59
60[17]
61
62
Allen Towner Treadway.png Allen T. Treadway Republican March 4, 1913 –
January 3, 1945
63 First elected in 1912.
Re-elected in 1914.
Re-elected in 1916.
Re-elected in 1918.
Re-elected in 1920.
Re-elected in 1922.
Re-elected in 1924.
Re-elected in 1926.
Re-elected in 1928.
Re-elected in 1930.
Re-elected in 1932.
Re-elected in 1934.
Re-elected in 1936.
Re-elected in 1938.
Re-elected in 1940.
Re-elected in 1942.
Retired.
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75[18]
76
77
78
John W. Heselton (Massachusetts Congressman).jpg John W. Heselton Republican January 3, 1945 –
January 3, 1959
79 First elected in 1944.
Re-elected in 1946.
Re-elected in 1948.
Re-elected in 1950.
Re-elected in 1952.
Re-elected in 1954.
Re-elected in 1956.
Retired.
80
81
82
83
84
85
Silvio O. Conte.jpg Silvio O. Conte Republican January 3, 1959 –
February 8, 1991
86
87
88
89
90[19]
91
87
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
First elected in 1958.
Re-elected in 1960.
Re-elected in 1962.
Re-elected in 1964.
Re-elected in 1966.
Re-elected in 1968.
Re-elected in 1970.
Re-elected in 1972.
Re-elected in 1974.
Re-elected in 1976.
Re-elected in 1978.
Re-elected in 1980.
Re-elected in 1982.
Re-elected in 1984.
Re-elected in 1986.
Re-elected in 1988.
Re-elected in 1990.
Died.
102
Vacant February 8, 1991 –
June 18, 1991
John Olver, Official Portrait, 111th Congress.jpg John Olver Democratic June 18, 1991 –
January 3, 2013
First elected in 1991 to finish Conte's term.
Re-elected in 1992.
Re-elected in 1994.
Re-elected in 1996.
Re-elected in 1998.
Re-elected in 2000.
Re-elected in 2002.
Re-elected in 2004.
Re-elected in 2006.
Re-elected in 2008.
Re-elected in 2010.
Retired.[20]
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
Richardneal.jpg Richard Neal Democratic January 3, 2013 –
Present
113
114
115
Redistricted from the 2nd district and re-elected in 2012.
Re-elected in 2014.
Re-elected in 2016.

Recent election results[edit]

2002 general election
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic John Olver 137,841 67.56
Republican Matthew Kinnaman 66,061 32.40
Write-in 117 0.06
Majority 71,780 35.18
Voter turnout  %
Democratic hold
2004 general election
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic John Olver 229,465 99.02 + 31.46
Write-in 2,282 0.98 + 0.92
Majority 227,183 98.04 + 62.86
Turnout 231,747
Democratic hold Swing
2006 general election
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic John Olver 158,035 76%
Unenrolled challenger William H. Szych 49,123 24%
Socialist Eric Chester <253 <1%
Democratic hold
2008 general election
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic John Olver
Democratic Robert Feuer
Republican Nathan Bech

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Fast Facts for Congress: Congressional District 1, Massachusetts - Fact Sheet: 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates: Profile of Selected Economic Characteristics". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved April 1, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017. 
  3. ^ http://www.sec.state.ma.us/spr/sprcat/catpdf2010/cong2010/CongressionalDistrict_2011State.pdf Access Date March 29, 2012
  4. ^ John Hayward (1849). "Congressional Districts". Gazetteer of Massachusetts. Boston: J.P. Jewett & Co. 
  5. ^ "Congressional Districts". Massachusetts Register 1862. Boston: Adams, Sampson, & Co. 
  6. ^ "Massachusetts". Official Congressional Directory: 64th Congress (2nd ed.). Washington DC: Government Printing Office. 1916. 
  7. ^ "Massachusetts". Official Congressional Directory: 83rd Congress. Washington DC: Government Printing Office. 1953. 
  8. ^ "Massachusetts". Official Congressional Directory: 88th Congress. Washington DC: Government Printing Office. 1963. 
  9. ^ "Massachusetts". Official Congressional Directory: 92nd Congress. Washington DC: Government Printing Office. 1972. 
  10. ^ "Massachusetts". Official Congressional Directory: 93rd Congress. Washington DC: Government Printing Office. 1973. 
  11. ^ "Massachusetts". Congressional Directory for the Second Session of the Thirty-Seventh Congress. Washington DC: Postmaster of the United States House of Representatives. 1861. 
  12. ^ Ben. Perley Poore (1869). "Massachusetts". Congressional Directory for the First Session of the Forty-First Congress (2nd ed.). Washington DC: Government Printing Office. 
  13. ^ Ben. Perley Poore (1878). "Massachusetts". Congressional Directory: 45th Congress (3rd ed.). Washington DC: Government Printing Office. 
  14. ^ Ben. Perley Poore (1882). "Massachusetts". Congressional Directory: 47th Congress (3rd ed.). Washington DC: Government Printing Office. 
  15. ^ L.A. Coolidge (1897). "Massachusetts". Official Congressional Directory: Fifty-Fifth Congress. Washington DC: Government Printing Office. 
  16. ^ A.J. Halford (1903). "Massachusetts". Official Congressional Directory: Fifty-Eighth Congress. Washington DC: Government Printing Office. 
  17. ^ A.J. Halford (1909). "Massachusetts". Congressional Directory: 60th Congress (2nd ed.). Washington DC: Government Printing Office. 
  18. ^ "Massachusetts". Official Congressional Directory: 75th Congress (2nd ed.). Washington DC: Government Printing Office. 1938. 
  19. ^ "Massachusetts". Official Congressional Directory: 90th Congress. Washington DC: Government Printing Office. 1968. 
  20. ^ http://www.masslive.com/news/index.ssf/2011/10/us_rep_john_olver_announces_pl.html

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 42°19′52″N 72°51′51″W / 42.33111°N 72.86417°W / 42.33111; -72.86417