62nd United States Congress

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62nd United States Congress
61st ← → 63rd
USCapitol1906.jpg
United States Capitol (1906)

Duration: March 4, 1911 – March 4, 1913

Senate President: James S. Sherman (1911–1912)
Vacant (1912–1913)
Senate Pres. pro tem: Augustus O. Bacon
Charles Curtis
Jacob H. Gallinger
Frank B. Brandegee
Henry Cabot Lodge
House Speaker: Champ Clark
Members: 96 Senators
394 Representatives
7 Non-voting members
Senate Majority: Republican
House Majority: Democratic

Sessions
1st: April 4, 1911 – August 22, 1911
2nd: December 4, 1911 – August 26, 1912
3rd: December 2, 1912 – March 3, 1913

The Sixty-second United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, DC from March 4, 1911 to March 4, 1913, during the third and fourth years of William H. Taft's presidency.

The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Twelfth Census of the United States in 1900. Additional House seats were assigned to the two new states of New Mexico and Arizona. The size of the House was to be 435 starting with the new Congress coming into session in 1913. The Senate had a Republican majority, and the House had a Democratic majority.

Contents

Major events[edit]

Major legislation[edit]

Constitutional amendments[edit]

  • May 13, 1912: 17th Amendment passed Congress and sent to the states for ratification. It would create a popularly elected U.S. Senate instead of the original process of appointment by state legislatures.
  • February 3, 1913: 16th Amendment was ratified, authorizing the Federal government to impose and collect income taxes.

States admitted and territories created[edit]

President of the Senate
James S. Sherman
Map showing Senate party membership at the start of the 62nd Congress. Red states are represented by two Republicans and blue by two Democrats. Purple states are represented by one senator from each party.

Party summary[edit]

Senate[edit]

Party
(Shading shows control)
Total Vacant
Democratic
(D)
Progressive
(P)
Republican
(R)
End of the previous congress 32 0 60 92 0
Begin 43 0 48 91 1
End 47 95
Final voting share 49.5% 0.0% 50.5%
Beginning of the next congress 49 1 42 92 4

House of Representatives[edit]

TOTAL members: 394

Leaders[edit]

Senate[edit]

House of Representatives[edit]

Majority (Democratic) leadership[edit]

Minority (Republican) leadership[edit]

Members[edit]

Senate[edit]

At this time, most Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. A few senators were elected directly by the residents of the state. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election.

House of Representatives[edit]

The names of members of the House of Representatives are preceded by their district numbers.

Changes in membership[edit]

Senate[edit]

There were 20 changes: 6 deaths, 2 resignations, 1 invalidated election, 6 appointees replaced by electees, 4 seats added from new states, and 1 seat vacant from the previous Congress. Democrats had a 4-seat net gain, and no other parties had a net change.

State
(class)
Vacator Reason for vacancy Subsequent Date of successor's installation
Colorado
(3)
Vacant Incumbent Charles J. Hughes, Jr. (D) died January 11, 1911, before the end of the previous Congress. Winner was elected to finish term ending March 4, 1915. Charles S. Thomas (D) January 15, 1913
Arizona
(1)
Vacant New State
Winners were elected March 27, 1912.
Henry F. Ashurst (D) April 2, 1912[1]
Arizona
(3)
Marcus A. Smith (D)
New Mexico
(1)
New State
Winners were elected March 27, 1912.
Thomas B. Catron (R)
New Mexico
(2)
Albert B. Fall (R)
Iowa
(2)
Lafayette Young (R) Appointment expired April 11, 1911 upon successor's special election to finish term ending March 4, 1913. William S. Kenyon (R) April 12, 1911
Georgia
(3)
Joseph M. Terrell (D) Resigned July 14, 1911, due to health reasons. Successor was elected in a special election. Hoke Smith (D) November 16, 1911
Maine
(2)
William P. Frye (R) Died August 8, 1911. Successor was elected in a special election to finish term ending March 4, 1913. Obadiah Gardner (D) September 23, 1911
Tennessee
(2)
Robert Love Taylor (D) Died March 31, 1912. Successor was appointed until a special election to finish term ending March 4, 1913. Newell Sanders (R) April 11, 1912
Nevada
(1)
George S. Nixon (R) Died June 5, 1912. Successor was appointed until a special election. William A. Massey (R) July 1, 1912
Illinois
(3)
William Lorimer (R) Senate invalidated election July 13, 1912. Vacant until next Congress
Idaho
(3)
Weldon B. Heyburn (R) Died October 17, 1912. Successor was appointed until a special election. Kirtland I. Perky (D) November 18, 1912
Maryland
(1)
Isidor Rayner (D) Died November 25, 1912. Successor was appointed. William P. Jackson (R) November 29, 1912
Arkansas
(2)
Jeff Davis (D) Died January 3, 1913. Successor was appointed until a special election to finish term ending March 4, 1913. John N. Heiskell (D) January 6, 1913
Texas
(2)
Joseph W. Bailey (D) Resigned January 3, 1913 due to investigations brought to light suspicious income and financial ties to the oil industry. Successor was appointed until a special election to finish term ending March 4, 1913. Rienzi Melville Johnston (D) January 29, 1913
Tennessee
(2)
Newell Sanders (R) Appointment expired January 24, 1913 upon successor's special election to finish term ending March 4, 1913. William R. Webb (D) January 24, 1913
Nevada
(1)
William A. Massey (R) Appointment expired January 29, 1913 upon successor's special election. Key Pittman (D) January 29, 1913
Arkansas
(2)
John N. Heiskell (D) Appointment expired January 29, 1913 upon successor's special election to finish term ending March 4, 1913. William M. Kavanaugh (D)
Texas
(2)
Rienzi M. Johnston (D) Morris Sheppard (D)
Idaho
(3)
Kirtland I. Perky (D) Appointment expired February 5, 1913 upon successor's special election. James H. Brady (R) February 6, 1913

House of Representatives[edit]

Sorted Chronologically by date of vacancy

House vacancies are only filled by elections. State laws regulate when (and if) there will be special elections.

Date seat became vacant District Previous Reason for change Subsequent Date of successor's installation
March 15, 1911 Iowa 9th Walter I. Smith (R) Resigned (appointed to the 6th Circuit Court) William R. Green (R) June 5, 1911
July 7, 1911 Kansas 2nd Alexander C. Mitchell (R) Died Joseph Taggart (D) November 7, 1911
July 24, 1911 Pennsylvania 14th George W. Kipp (D) Died William D.B. Ainey (R) November 7, 1911
August 9, 1911 Tennessee 10th George W. Gordon (D) Died Kenneth McKellar (D) December 4, 1911
August 12, 1911 New Jersey 1st Henry C. Loudenslager (R) Died William J. Browning (R) November 7, 1911
September 11, 1911 Nebraska 3rd James P. Latta (D) Died Dan V. Stephens (D) November 7, 1911
September 18, 1911 Kansas 7th Edmond H. Madison (R) Died George A. Neeley (D) January 9, 1912
January 6, 1912 New Mexico Territory At-Large William Henry Andrews (R) New State (Seat eliminated)
January 6, 1912 New Mexico At-large (New seat) New State Harvey B. Fergusson (D) January 8, 1912
January 6, 1912 New Mexico At-large (New seat) New State George Curry (R) January 8, 1912
February 12, 1912 Arizona At-large Ralph H. Cameron (Territorial delegate) New State Carl Hayden (D) February 19, 1912[2]
March 21, 1912 Vermont 1st David J. Foster (R) Died Frank L. Greene (R) July 30, 1912
March 22, 1912 Pennsylvania 1st Henry H. Bingham (R) Died William S. Vare (R) May 24, 1912
June 4, 1912 Iowa 11th Elbert H. Hubbard (R) Died George Cromwell Scott (R) November 5, 1912
June 11, 1912 Louisiana 6th Robert Charles Wickliffe (D) Died Lewis Lovering Morgan (D) November 5, 1912
July 5, 1912 New York 26th George R. Malby (R) Died Edwin A. Merritt (R) November 5, 1912
August 12, 1912 Missouri 11th Theron Ephron Catlin (R) Election successfully contested Patrick F. Gill (D) August 12, 1912
September 27, 1912 New Jersey 6th William Hughes (D) Resigned (appointed to the Passaic County Court of Common Pleas) Archibald C. Hart (D) November 5, 1912
October 1, 1912 Ohio 13th Carl C. Anderson (D) Died Vacant
October 30, 1912 New York 21st Richard E. Connell (D) Died Vacant
November 3, 1912 Rhode Island 2nd George H. Utter (R) Died Vacant
December 12, 1912 Pennsylvania 11th Charles C. Bowman (R) Seat declared vacant Vacant
December 27, 1912 Pennsylvania 16th John G. McHenry (D) Died Vacant
December 31, 1912 New York 10th William Sulzer (D) Resigned (elected Governor of New York) Vacant
January 2, 1913 Michigan 2nd William Wedemeyer (R) Died Vacant
January 7, 1913 North Dakota 1st Louis B. Hanna (R) Resigned (elected Governor of North Dakota) Vacant
January 12, 1913 Ohio 3rd James M. Cox (D) Resigned (elected Governor of Ohio) Vacant
January 14, 1913 Arkansas 6th Joseph Taylor Robinson (D) Resigned (elected Governor of Arkansas) Samuel M. Taylor (D) January 15, 1913
January 26, 1913 California 8th Sylvester C. Smith (R) Died Vacant
January 31, 1913 South Carolina 1st George S. Legare (D) Died Vacant
February 3, 1913 Texas 1st J. Morris Sheppard (D) Resigned (elected to the U.S. Senate) Vacant

Employees[edit]

Senate[edit]

House of Representatives[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "Senate Now Numbers 96". New York Times. April 3, 1912. 
  2. ^ Rice, Ross R (1994). Carl Hayden: Builder of the American West. Lanham, MD: University Press of America. p. 40. ISBN 0-8191-9399-2.