|Single by Spice Girls|
|from the album Spice|
|B-side||"Bumper to Bumper"|
|Released||8 July 1996|
|Spice Girls singles chronology|
"Wannabe" is the debut hit single by the British girl group the Spice Girls. Written by the group members with Matt Rowe and Richard Stannard during the group's first professional songwriting session, it was produced by Rowe and Stannard for the group's debut album Spice, released in November 1996. The song was written and recorded very quickly; the result was considered lacklustre by their label, and was sent to be mixed by Dave Way. The group was not pleased with the result, and the recording was mixed again, this time by Mark "Spike" Stent.
"Wannabe" is an uptempo dance-pop song. "Wannabe" features Mel B and Geri Halliwell rapping. The lyrics, which address the value of female friendship over the heterosexual bond, became an iconic symbol of female empowerment and the most emblematic song of the group's Girl Power philosophy. Despite receiving mixed reviews from music critics, the song won for Best British-Written Single at the 1997 Ivor Novello Awards and for Best Single at the 1997 BRIT Awards.
"Wannabe" was heavily promoted by the group. Its music video, directed by Johan Camitz, became a big success on the British cable network The Box, which sparked press interest in the group. Subsequently the song had intensive radio airplay across the United Kingdom, while the group performed it on television programmes and started doing interviews and photo shoots for teen magazines.
Responding to the wave of public interest in the group, Virgin released the song as the group's debut single in July 1996, well ahead of the planned release date of the Spice album. "Wannabe" topped the UK Singles Chart for seven weeks and has received a double Platinum certification by the British Phonographic Industry (BPI). In January 1997 it was released in the United States, topping the Billboard Hot 100 for four weeks. It was the group's only number-one single in that country. By the end of 1996, "Wannabe" had topped the charts in 22 nations, and by March 1997 this number had climbed to 37. "Wannabe" became the best-selling single by a female group in the world, with 1,360,000 and 2,910,000 copies sold in United Kingdom (by 2015) and United States (by 2014), respectively, and over 7 million copies worldwide by the end of 1997. In 2014, it was rated as the most easily recognisable pop song of the last 60 years.
- 1 Background
- 2 Writing and inspiration
- 3 Recording and production
- 4 Composition
- 5 Release and promotion
- 6 Reception
- 7 Music video
- 8 Live performances
- 9 Legacy
- 10 Formats and track listings
- 11 Credits and personnel
- 12 Charts
- 13 Certifications
- 14 Release history
- 15 Notes
- 16 References
- 17 External links
In March 1994, father-and-son team Bob and Chris Herbert, together with financer Chic Murphy, working under the business name of Heart Management, placed an advertisement in The Stage, which asked the question: "Are you street smart, extrovert, ambitious, and able to sing and dance?" After receiving hundreds of replies, the management had narrowed their search to a group of five girls: Victoria Adams, Melanie Brown, Melanie Chisholm, Geri Halliwell, and Michelle Stephenson. The group moved to a house in Maidenhead and received the name "Touch". Stephenson was eventually fired because she lacked the drive of the other group members. She was replaced by Emma Bunton. In November, the group—now named "Spice"—persuaded their managers to set up a showcase in front of industry writers, producers, and A&R men at the Nomis Studios in Shepherd's Bush, London. Producer Richard Stannard, at the studio for a meeting with pop star Jason Donovan, attended in the showcase after hearing Brown, as she went charging across the corridor. Stannard recalls:
More than anything, they just made me laugh. I couldn't believe I'd walked into this situation. You didn't care if they were in time with the dance steps or whether one was overweight or one wasn't as good as the others. It was something more. It just made you feel happy. Like great pop records.
Stannard stayed behind after the showcase to talk to the group. He then reported to his songwriter partner, Matt Rowe, that he had found "the pop group of their dreams". Chris Herbert booked the group's first professional songwriting session with the producers at the Strongroom in Curtain Road, East London, in January 1995. Rowe recalls feelings similar to Stannard's: "I love them. Immediately. [...] They were like no one I'd met before, really." The session was productive; Stannard and Rowe discussed the songwriting process with the group, and talked about what the group wanted to do on the record. In her autobiography, Brown recalls that the duo instinctively understood their point of view and knew how to incorporate "the spirit of five loud girls into great pop music".
Writing and inspiration
The first song the Spice Girls wrote with Stannard and Rowe was called "Feed Your Love", a slow and soulful song that was recorded and mastered for the group's debut album; the song was not used because it was considered too rude for the target audience. The group next proposed to write a track with an uptempo rhythm. Rowe set up a drum loop on his MPC3000 drum machine. Its fast rhythm made Stannard remember the scene where John Travolta and Olivia Newton-John perform "You're the One That I Want" in Grease. Stannard commented that the only pre-planned concept for the song was that it should represent the essence of what they were. The group then added their own contributions to the song, Rowe recalls:
They made all these different bits up, not thinking in terms of verse, chorus, bridge or what was going to go where, just coming up with all these sections of chanting, rapping and singing, which we recorded all higgledy-piggledy. And then we just sewed it together. It was rather like the way we'd been working on the dance remixes we'd been doing before. Kind of a cut-and-paste method.
"Wannabe" was written in thirty minutes—mainly because the group had written parts of the song beforehand—in what Brown describes as a "sudden creative frenzy". During the session, Brown and Bunton came up with the idea of including a rap near the end of the song. At this point the group got very motivated, and incorporated the word "zigazig-ha" into the lyrics. Chisholm told Billboard magazine: "You know when you're in a gang and you're having a laugh and you make up silly words? Well we were having a giggle and we made up this silly word, zigazig-ha. And we were in the studio and it all came together in this song."
Recording and production
While most of the other songs on the Spice album required two or three days of studio time, "Wannabe" was recorded in less than an hour. The solo parts were divided between Brown, Bunton, Chisholm, and Halliwell. Victoria Adams missed most of the writing session and communicated with the rest of the group on a mobile phone. In her autobiography she wrote: "I just couldn't bear not being there. Because whatever they said about how it didn't matter, it did matter. Saying 'Yes, I like that' or 'Not sure about that' down the phone is not the same". She contributed backing vocals and sings during the chorus. Rowe stayed up all night working on the song, and it was finished by morning, the only later addition was the sound of Brown's footsteps as she ran to the microphone.
The group parted with Heart Management in March 1995 because of their frustration with the management company's unwillingness to listen to their visions and ideas. The girls met with artist manager Simon Fuller, who signed them with 19 Entertainment. The group considered a variety of record labels, and signed a deal with Virgin Records in July. The original mix of "Wannabe" was considered lacklustre by the label's executives. Ashley Newton, who was in charge of A&R, sent the song to American producer Dave Way for remixing; the result was not what the group had hoped to achieve. As Halliwell later described it, "the result was bloody awful". She elaborated in her second autobiography, Just for the Record: "Right at the beginning of the Spice Girls, [...] Ashley Newton had tried to turn us into an R&B group. He sent "Wannabe" over to America to be remixed by some hot R&B producers. He brought us jungle versions and hip-hop mixes and I hated them all. Although Mel B[rown] was a big fan of R&B, she agreed with me that these versions just didn't work so we exercised our Spice veto!" Fuller gave the song to audio engineer Mark "Spike" Stent, who thought that it was a "weird pop record". Stent remixed it in six hours, in what he described as "tightening it up" and "getting the vocals sounding really good".
A 26-second sample from "Wannabe", featuring Brown and Halliwell singing the refrain in a call and response interaction, the use of the word "zigazig-ha", and the group singing the song's first chorus.
|Problems playing this file? See media help.|
"Wannabe" is a dance-pop song with influences of hip-hop and rap. Written in the key of B major, it is set in the time signature of common time and moves at a moderate tempo of 110 beats per minute. It uses the sequence B–D–E–A–A♯ as a bass line during the refrain, the chorus, and the bridge, and uses a chord progression of F♯–G♯m–E–B for the verses. The song is constructed in a verse-pre-chorus-chorus form, with a rapped bridge before the third and final chorus. Musically, it is "energised" by a highly syncopated synthesised riff, and by the way the repetitive lyrics and rhythm are highlighted during the bridge. "Wannabe" presents a different version of the traditional pop love song performed by females; its energic, self-assertive style expresses a confident independence that is not reliant on the male figure for its continuance.
The song opens with Brown's laugh, followed by "undislodgeable [sic] piano notes". Over these notes, the first lines of the refrain are rapped in a call and response interaction between Brown and Halliwell. The words "tell", "really" and "I wanna" are repeated, so that the vocal tone and lyrics build up an image of female self-assertion. The refrain ends with the word "zigazig-ha", a euphemism for female desire, which is ambiguously sexualised or broadly economic. The first verse follows; Brown, Halliwell, Chisholm, Bunton sing one line individually, in that order. In this part, the lyrics have a pragmatic sense of control of the situation—"If you want my future, forget my past"—which, according to musicologist Sheila Whiteley, tap directly into the emotions of the young teenage audience.
During the chorus, the lyrics—"If you wanna be my lover/You gotta get with my friends"—address the value of female friendship over the heterosexual bond, while the ascending group of chords and the number of voices creates a sense of power that adds to the song's level of excitement. The same pattern occurs, leading to the second chorus. Towards the end, Brown and Halliwell rap the bridge, which serves as a presentation to each of the girls' personalities. The group repeats the chorus for the last time, ending the song with energetic refrains—"Slam your body down and wind it all around"—and the word "zigazig-ha".
Release and promotion
After signing the group, Virgin Records launched a major campaign for their debut song to promote them as the new high-profile act. There was a period of indecision about what song would be released as the first single; the label wanted to get everything right for the campaign, because the all-girl group format was untested. The group, led by Brown and Halliwell, was adamant that the debut song should be "Wannabe", they felt it served as an introduction to their personalities and the Girl Power statement. Virgin's executives believed that the first single should either be "Say You'll Be There", which they considered a much "cooler" track, or "Love Thing". At the beginning of 1996 the impasse between the group and their record label about the release of the single was temporarily solved. In March, Fuller announced that he agreed with Virgin in that "Wannabe" should not be the first single. The label wanted a song that appealed to the mainstream market, and nothing considered too radical. Halliwell was shocked and furious; she told Fuller, "It's not negotiable as far as we're concerned. 'Wannabe' is our first single." Fuller and the executives at Virgin relented, and the song was chosen as their first single.
The trigger for the Spice Girls' launch was the release of the "Wannabe" music video in May 1996. Its quick success on the British cable network The Box sparked press interest, despite initial resistance to the all-girl group idea. The same month, their first music press interviews appeared in Music Week, Top of the Pops, and Smash Hits, and their first live TV slot was broadcast on LWT's Surprise Surprise. A month after the video's release, the song was receiving intensive airplay on the main radio stations across the UK, while the group started to appear on television—mainly on kid's programmes such as Live & Kicking—and doing interviews and photo shoots for teen magazines. A full-page advertisement appeared in the July issue of Smash Hits, saying: "Wanted: Anyone with a sense of fun, freedom and adventure. Hold tight, get ready! Girl Power is comin' at you". The group appeared on the television programme This Morning with Richard and Judy, and performed at their first Radio One road show in Birmingham.
"Wannabe" was released in the United Kingdom on 8 July 1996 in two single versions. The first one, released in two formats—a standard CD single and a cassette single—included the radio edit of the track, the Motiv 8 vocal slam remix, and the B-side, "Bumper to Bumper". The group wrote "Bumper to Bumper" with Paul Wilson and Andy Watkins—the songwriter-production duo known as Absolute—and British singer-songwriter Cathy Dennis. The second version, released on maxi single format, featured the radio edit, an instrumental version, the Motiv 8 dub slam remix, and the Dave Way alternative mix. This version came with a fold-out postcard inlay and a stickered case.
During the weeks following the UK release, the group began promotional visits abroad. They did three trips to Japan and brief visits to Germany and the Netherlands. On a trip to the Far East, they visited Hong Kong, Thailand, and South Korea. In January 1997 they travelled to North America to do a promotional campaign that Phil Quartararo, president of Virgin Records America, described as "absolutely massive". During their visit to the US, the group met with influential radio programmers, TV networks, and magazines. In addition, Virgin persuaded fifty radio stations to playlist the song before it was released, while the music video was placed into heavy rotation by MTV.
"Wannabe" received mixed reviews from UK music critics. Paul Gorman of Music Week called the group "smart, witty, abrasive and downright fun." He described the song as a "R&B-lite debut single," and noted influences from Neneh Cherry in it. In a review conducted by the British pop band Deuce for Smash Hits magazine, the group described "Wannabe" as "limp," "awful," and "not strong enough for a debut single." Kate Thornton, editor of Top of the Pops magazine, commented that the all-girl group idea was "not going to happen;" she considered it too threatening. In her review for The Guardian, Caroline Sullivan called it a combination of "cute hip pop and a vaguely feminist lyric," she was also surprised that "considering the slightness of 'Wannabe,'" the group had an overwhelming amount of offers from record companies. The NME characterised the song as "a combined force of Bananarama, Betty Boo and Shampoo rolled into one." Dele Fadele of the same magazine called the rap during the song's bridge "annoying," and added, writing of the group's music: "It's not good. It's not clever. But it's fun." The magazine named "Wannabe" the worst single of the year at the 1997 NME Awards. Conversely, it won for Best Single at the 1997 BRIT Awards, and for International Hit of the Year and Best British-Written Single at the 1997 Ivor Novello Awards presented by the British Academy of Composers and Songwriters. In October 2011, the NME placed it at number 111 on its list "150 Best Tracks of the Past 15 Years."
In the United States, reaction to the song was also mixed. In a review of the group's debut album, Edna Gundersen of USA Today said that "Wannabe" is "a melodious but disposable tune that typifies this debut's tart bubblegum and packaged sexiness." Greg Kot of the Chicago Tribune called it "insidiously snappy, [...] [that] is shaping up as this year's 'Macarena.'" Karla Peterson of The San Diego Union-Tribune said that "'Wannabe' has UGH written all over it," adding that it was "relentlessly catchy and horrifyingly hummable." The Buffalo News's Anthony Violanti called it "irresistible." Sarah Rodman of The Boston Globe described it as a "maniacally zippy single," and Stephanie Zacharek of Salon.com referred to it as an "unapologetically sassy dance hit." Melissa Ruggieri of the Richmond Times-Dispatch commented that "based on their efficacious American debut single, [...] the Spice Girls might be expected to deliver more of that zingy pop on their debut album," but she felt that "aside from 'Wannabe,' the album's dance tracks are color-by-numbers bland." Larry Flick of Billboard magazine said that "fans of the more edgy girl-group [...] may find this single too fluffy," but added that "everyone else with a love of tasty pop hooks, lyrical positivity, and jaunty rhythms is going to be humming this single for months to come."
Some reviewers noticed the combination of musical genres. Christina Kelly from Rolling Stone magazine criticised the group's image, and added that their songs, including "Wannabe," were "a watered-down mix of hip-hop and cheesy pop balladry, brought together by a manager with a marketing concept." Matt Diehl of Entertainment Weekly said that it was "more a compendium of music styles (from ABBA-style choruses to unconvincing hip hop) than an actual song," and Sara Scribner of the Los Angeles Times described it as "a bubblegum hip-hop confection of rapping lifted off Neneh Cherry and Monie Love albums." Charles Aaron of Spin magazine called it "a quickie, mid-'80s teen paperback come to life [...] so gooey it melts in your hands, not in your mouth." The song ranked at fifteenth on Village Voice's 1997 "Pazz & Jop" critics' poll, conducted by music journalist Robert Christgau.
Present-day reviews from critics, however, are mostly positive. Stephen Thomas Erlewine of AllMusic said that "none of the girls have great voices, but they do exude personality and charisma, which is what drives bouncy dance-pop like 'Wannabe,' with its ridiculous 'zig-a-zig-ahhh' hook, into pure pop guilty pleasure." Dan Cairns of The Sunday Times said that the song "leaves a bad taste in the mouth: [because] the true legacy of Girl Power is, arguably, a preteen clothing industry selling crop tops and other minimal garments to young girls," but added that it "remains the same two minutes and 53 seconds of pop perfection that it ever was." In a review of their Greatest Hits album, IGN said that after ten years it "still sound reasonably fresh," while Digital Spy's Nick Levine said that "Wannabe" still remained an "exuberant calling card."
As part of Virgin's strategy to make the group an international act, "Wannabe" was released in Japan and Southeast Asia two weeks before the British release. After the song was placed into heavy rotation on FM stations in Japan, the Spice Girls made promotional tours in May, July, and September 1996. The group received major press and TV exposure, appearing in programmes such as Space Shower. The single was released by Toshiba EMI on 26 June 1996, and sold 100,000 copies by October 1996.
"Wannabe" debuted on the UK Singles Chart at number three, six days after its physical release, and climbed to number one the next week. It spent seven weeks at the top, the second-longest stay by an all-female group, only behind Shakespears Sister's "Stay". With eighteen weeks in the top forty and twenty-six weeks in the top seventy-five, it became the second-biggest selling single of the year, and as of November 2012 has sold over 1.32 million copies, the biggest-selling single by a female group in the UK.
"Wannabe" was commercially successful in the rest of Europe. On 14 September 1996 the song reached the top of Eurochart Hot 100, where it stayed for nine consecutive weeks, when it was replaced by the group's second single, "Say You'll Be There". "Wannabe" topped the singles charts in Belgium (both the Flemish and French charts), Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, the Netherlands, Norway, Spain, Sweden, and Switzerland, and peaked inside the top five in Austria and Italy. The song was a success in Oceania. In Australia, it debuted at number sixty-four, reached the top of the ARIA Charts for eleven weeks, and ended at number five on the 1996 year-end chart. In New Zealand, it debuted on 1 September 1996 at number thirty-eight, reaching the top position ten weeks later. Despite only being at the top position for one week, it spent an amazing seventeen consecutive weeks inside the top ten. At the beginning of 1997, the Spice Girls had their first three songs "Wannabe", "Say You'll Be There" and "2 Become 1" all holding a position in the top ten on the New Zealand singles chart, an amazing feat. "Wannabe" also topped the singles charts in Hong Kong and Israel.
In Canada, it debuted at the eighty-ninth position of the RPM singles chart on the week beginning December 16, 1996, a full month before it hit the US charts. It peaked at nine in its eighth week, and ended at number sixty-eight on the year-end chart. The song performed better on the dance chart, where it reached the top for three weeks, and ended at the top of the year-end chart. In the US, the song debuted on 25 January 1997 at number eleven. At the time, this was the highest-ever debut by a British act, beating the record previously held by The Beatles for "I Want to Hold Your Hand" at number twelve. It reached the top of the chart in its fifth week, and stayed there for four consecutive weeks simultaneously with the group's fourth single ("Mama"/"Who Do You Think You Are") being at number one in the UK. "Wannabe" reached the sixth position of the Hot 100 Airplay chart, and topped the Hot 100 Singles Sales chart for four consecutive weeks, selling over 1.8 million copies as of January 1998. It peaked at four on the Mainstream Top 40, and was a crossover success, topping the Rhythmic Top 40, peaking at twenty on the Hot Dance Club Play and at nine on the Hot Dance Singles Sales chart. New remixes of the song were produced in 2007 in conjunction with the release of their Greatest Hits CD and these rose to number 15 on the Billboard Dance Charts. "Wannabe" also remains the best selling song by a female group in the United States with 2,910,000 physical singles and downloads combined, according to Nielsen SoundScan in 2014.
The music video for "Wannabe" was the first for director Johan Camitz. Camitz was hired on Fuller's recommendation because of his commercials for Volkswagen, Diesel, and Nike. His original concept for the video was a one-take shoot of the group arriving at an exotic building in Barcelona, taking over the place, and running a riot—the same way they did when they were looking for a manager and a record company. A few days before the shoot on 19 April 1996, Camitz was unable to get permission to use the building, and the shoot was relocated to the Midland Grand Hotel in St Pancras, London.
The video features the group running, singing, dancing, and creating mischief at an eccentric bohemian party. Among their antics is Chisholm's back handspring on one of the tables. Because the video needed to be taken in one shot, the group rehearsed the routine several times through the night, while a steadycam operator followed them. About the experience, Halliwell wrote: "The video I remember as being very chaotic and cold. It wasn't very controlled—we didn't want it to be. We wanted the camera to capture the madness of the Spice Girls". Virgin's executives were horrified with the final result: "the girls were freezing cold, which showed itself in various different ways", Ashley Newton recalled. The video was later banned in some parts of Asia because of Brown's erect nipples. Additionally, the lighting was considered too dark and gloomy; the best takes showed the girls bumping with the furniture and looking behind them. Virgin was concerned that old people appeared on the video, the part when they jump up on the table, and Halliwell's showgirl outfit would be considered too threatening by music channels. Virgin immediately opened discussions about a re-shoot of the video or creating an alternate one for the US, but the group refused. The video was sent for trial airing in its original form.
When the music video first appeared on the British cable network The Box, it was selected so frequently that it reached the top of the viewers' chart within two hours of going on air, and stayed at number one for thirteen weeks. It was aired up to seventy times a week at its peak and became the most requested track in the channel's history. The video premiered in the U.S. on January 25, 1997and was an instant hit, winning Best Dance Video at the 1997 MTV Video Music Awards, and Best Video at the 1997 Comet Media Awards. It was also nominated for Best British Video at the 1997 BRIT Awards, ranked at number forty-one in the Top 100 Pop Videos of all time by Channel 4, and is hailed as an iconic girl group music video.
The Spice Girls were in Japan when "Wannabe" went to number one in the UK. The group made their first appearance on Top of the Pops by satellite link from Tokyo, where they used a local temple as a backdrop for their mimed performance. They have performed the song several more times on the show, including the programme's 1996 Christmas special. It was performed many times on television, in both Europe and the US, including An Audience with..., the Bravo Supershow, Sorpresa ¡Sorpresa!, Fully Booked, Live with Regis and Kathie Lee, The Oprah Winfrey Show, and Saturday Night Live. The performance at Saturday Night Live on 12 April 1997 was featured in the 5-part TV musical special "SNL: 25 Years of Music", and was the first time the group ever performed "Wannabe" with a live band—their previous performances had all been either lip-synched or sung to a recorded backing track.
The group performed it at awards ceremonies such as the 1996 Smash Hits! Awards, the 1996 Irish Music Awards, the 1997 BRIT Awards, and the 1997 Channel V Music Awards held in New Delhi, where they wore Indian costumes and entered the stage in auto rickshaws. In October 1997 the group performed "Wannabe" as the last song of their first live concert at the Abdi İpekçi Arena in Istanbul, Turkey. The performance was broadcast on Showtime in a pay-per-view event titled Spice Girls in Concert Wild!, and was later included in the VHS and DVD release Girl Power! Live in Istanbul.
The Spice Girls have performed the song on their three tours, the Spiceworld Tour, the Christmas in Spiceworld Tour, and the Return of the Spice Girls. After Geri Halliwell left the band at the end of the European leg of the Spiceworld Tour, her parts were replaced by Melanie Chisholm (refrain), Victoria Adams (verses), and Bunton (bridge). The performance at the tour's final concert can be found on the video Spice Girls Live at Wembley Stadium, filmed in London, on 20 September 1998. The group performed the song on 12 August 2012 at the 2012 Summer Olympics closing ceremony in London as part of a medley with the song "Spice Up Your Life".
"Wannabe" has been hailed as an "iconic girl power anthem". In 2016, the United Nations' Global Goals "#WhatIReallyReallyWant" campaign filmed a global remake of the original music video to highlight gender inequality issues faced by women across the world. The video featured British girl group M.O, Canadian viral sensation Taylor Hatala, Nigerian-British singer Seyi Shay and Bollywood actress Jacqueline Fernandez lip-syncing to the song in various locations around the world, including a set of stairs reminiscent of the Midland Grand Hotel steps from the original music video. The campaign also encouraged people from all over the world to use the hashtag "#WhatIReallyReallyWant", from the song's lyrics, to share what they wanted for girls and women by 2030.
"Wannabe" has been covered by numerous artists both in albums and live performances. In 1998 American retro-satirist duo The Lounge-O-Leers did a kitschy, lounge-inspired rendition of "Wannabe" for their debut album, Experiment in Terror. British intelligent dance music producer µ-Ziq recorded a cover for his fourth album, Lunatic Harness. The London Double Bass Sound recorded an instrumental version in 1999, a dance remix was recorded by Jan Stevens, Denise Nejame, and Sybersound for the 1997 album Sybersound Dance Mixes, Vol. 2, while an electronic version was recorded by the Street Girls for the 2005 album The World of Hits of the 80's. In 1999 the song was used in "Weird Al" Yankovic's polka medley, "Polka Power!", for his tenth album, Running with Scissors. Covers of the song in a punk style include a thrash parody version by British punk rock band Snuff for their 1998 EP, Schminkie Minkie Pinkie, a punk rock version by Dutch band Heideroosjes for their 1999 album, Schizo, and a pop punk cover by Zebrahead for their 2004 EP, Waste of MFZB. In 2013, the Brazilian funk carioca singers MC Mayara, MC Mercenária, MC Baby Liss and DZ MC released a version of the song, called "Mereço Muito Mais" (en: "I Deserve More"), and a music video inspired by the original.
Live cover versions have been performed by Australian duo The Veronicas and American rock band the Foo Fighters. During her 2005 "Reflections" concert series, Filipina Superstar Regine Velasquez performed the song as part of a Spice Girls medley which also included Say You'll Be There, 2 Become 1, Who Do You Think You Are and Holler. She also performed the medley with other Filipina singers live on the musical variety show SOP in 2009. K-pop girl group Girls' Generation covered the song on the popular South Korean radio program Super Junior Kiss the Radio in 2009 and did a live performance of the song on the South Korean television music program Kim Jung-eun's Chocolate in 2010. In 2013, American girl group Fifth Harmony dressed up as the Spice Girls for Halloween and performed "Wannabe" at their New York show. The performance was also uploaded on their official YouTube channel. In 2016, DNCE covered the song as part of their iHeartRadio Jingle Ball concert tour.
"Wannabe" has been used in numerous films. In 2005, "Wannabe" was covered and included in the soundtrack of Disney's animated film Chicken Little. The song was performed by King Julien and included in the soundtrack of the 2012 DreamWorks Animation film Madagascar 3: Europe's Most Wanted. Other films the song has appeared in include Small Soldiers, The Heartbreak kid, Nick & Norah's Infinite Playlist, American Reunion, Central Intelligence and Sleepover.
"Wannabe" has also been used in numerous TV shows. In 2007, the season four finale of One Tree Hill featured the female characters dancing as a group to the song. The characters Brittany (Heather Morris), Tina (Jenna Ushkowitz), Marley (Melissa Benoist), Kitty (Becca Tobin) and Unique (Alex Newell) covered the song on the 17th episode of the fourth season of Glee. The song was also performed by Peter Griffin in the "Family Guy" episode "The New Adventures of Old Tom " and used in the ITV2 TV adverts for the series' 14th season. The cast of Netflix's Fuller House also performed the song in the season one finale "Love Is in the Air". "Wannabe" was performed, along with another Spice Girls song "Say You'll Be There", with revised lyrics in the second episode of the 41st season of Saturday Night Live by host Amy Schumer and cast members Cecily Strong and Taran Killam. "Wannabe" has also been used in three episodes of Fox animated series The Simpsons; the song was sung by Homer Simpson in the episodes "Maximum Homerdrive" and "Fraudcast News", and sung by Ralph Wiggum in the episode "How the Test Was Won". It was also used in the trailer for the film Excess Baggage (1997). On 3 October 2012, Geri Halliwell performed the song as a solo during a breast-cancer care show. The song was an acoustic ballad with several lyrics changed, such as "you've gotta get with my friends", changed to "you've gotta be my best friend".
Other TV episodes the song has appeared in include the Daria first season episode "College Bored", the Melrose Place fifth season episode "Last Exit to Ohio", the 8688th episode of Coronation Street, the Swedish TV miniseries "Sexton" episode "Del 11", the Swedish TV series "Eva & Adam" episode "Som glass med varma hallon" and in the Chilean telenovela TVN Separados soundtrack.
Formats and track listings
These are the formats and track listings of major single releases of "Wannabe":
Credits and personnel
- Spice Girls – lyrics, vocals
- Matt Rowe – lyrics, producer, keyboards and programming
- Richard Stannard – lyrics, producer, keyboards and programming
- Mark "Spike" Stent – audio mixing
- Adrian Bushby – recording engineer
- Patrick McGovern – assistant
Published by Windswept Pacific Music Ltd/PolyGram Music Publishing Ltd.
|Australia (ARIA)||2× Platinum||140,000^|
|Italy (FIMI)||6× Platinum||300,000|
|New Zealand (RMNZ)||Platinum||0*|
|Norway (IFPI Norway)||Platinum||10,000*|
|Switzerland (IFPI Switzerland)||Gold||25,000^|
|United Kingdom (BPI)||2× Platinum||1,360,000|
|United States (RIAA)||3x Platinum||2,910,000|
*sales figures based on certification alone
|Europe||8 July 1996|
|United States||7 January 1997|
- "Spice Girls – Wannabe [US CD] – Amazon.com Music". Retrieved November 9, 2015.
- De Ribera Berenguer, 1997. p. 42.
- Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "Biography: Spice Girls". AllMusic. Retrieved 21 March 2010.
- Simon Fuller: Guiding pop culture BBC. Retrieved 18 September 2011
- Jeffrey, Don (8 February 1997) (1997-02-08). Girl Power! Spice Girls. Billboard. Retrieved 2015-01-05.
- UK & World Record Holders (Main source: The Guiness (sic) World Record Book). Phil Brodie Band. 2013-05-08. Retrieved 2014-05-24.
- Myers, Justin (24 October 2015). "Official Charts Quiz: Who sold more?". Official Charts Company. Retrieved 25 October 2015.
- Lipshutz, Jason (1 May 2014). "Spice Girls' Top 8 Biggest Billboard Hits". Billboard. Archived from the original on 3 May 2014. Retrieved 2014-05-02.
- "The Spice Girls' 'Wannabe' is 18 years old today". Click Music. 8 July 2014. Retrieved 9 July 2014.
- "Spice Girls, PMS on the Money". MTV. 1 October 1997. Archived from the original on 29 September 2011. Retrieved 21 March 2010.
- Khomami, Nadia (3 November 2014). "The Spice Girls' 'Wannabe' is catchiest pop song of the last 60 years, study finds". NME. Retrieved 1 February 2015.
- Sinclair, 2004. pp. 27–30.
- Halliwell, 1999. p. 168.
- McGibbon, 1997. p. 93.
- Sinclair, 2004. pp. 33–34.
- Sinclair, 2004. pp. 40–41.
- Brown, 2002. p. 175.
- Sinclair, 2004. p. 42.
- Vincent, Alice (8 July 2016). "Here's the story, from A to Z: how the Spice Girls made Wannabe". The Daily Telegraph. Telegraph Media Group. Archived from the original on 16 July 2016. Retrieved 16 July 2016.
- Spice Girls, 1997. p. 34.
- Brown, 2002. p. 182.
- Bronson, 2003. p. 852.
- Beckham, 2001. pp. 128–129.
- Sinclair, 2004. p. 36.
- Sinclair, 2004. pp. 70, 72.
- Sinclair, 2004. pp. 73–74.
- Halliwell, 1999. p. 207.
- Halliwell, 2003. p. 16.
- Spice Girls, 2008. pp. 60–64.
- Whiteley, 2000. pp. 220–221, 224.
- Bloustein, 1999. p. 136.
- Campbell, Chuck (19 February 1997). "Britain's Spice Girls come to the rescue of ailing pop scene with the release of "Spice"". Star-News. Retrieved 6 March 2010.
- Cairns, Dam (23 November 2008). "Song of the Year, 1996: The Spice Girls – Wannabe". The Sunday Times. Retrieved 15 March 2010.
- Shuker, 2001. p. 131.
- Blake, 1999. pp. 162–163.
- Cripps, Peachey, Spice Girls, 1997. p. 80
- Halliwell, 1999. p. 215.
- Sinclair, 2004. p. 76.
- Cripps, Peachey, Spice Girls, 1997. p. 141
- McGibbon, 1997. p. 108.
- Beckham, 2001. p. 158.
- Brown, 2002. p. 210.
- McGibbon, 1997. p. 109.
- Brown, 2002. p. 211.
- Sinclair, 2004. p. 297.
- Beckham, 2001. p. 217.
- Sinclair, 2004. p. 79.
- McGibbon, 1997. p. 123.
- Pond, Steve (16 February 1997). "Manufactured in Britain. Now Selling in America.". The New York Times. Retrieved 22 February 2010.
- Brown, 2002. p. 254.
- "If you Wannabeat the Beatles ... Spice Girls reach number one in the States with their first single release". Daily Mail. 13 February 1997. Retrieved 16 May 2010.
- Farley, Christopher John (3 February 1997). "Music: New Girls on the Block". Time. Retrieved 22 February 2010.
- Gorman, Paul (4 May 1996). "Spice Girls Taking on the Britpop Boys". Music Week. Intent Media. 38 (18). ISSN 0265-1548.
- Deuce (3 July 1996). "Singles Review". Smash Hits. EMAP. 18 (13): 61. ISSN 0260-3004.
- Sullivan, Caroline (26 July 1996). "Girls Just Wanna Be Loaded". The Guardian.
- "The Rise and Rise of Zigazig-ha Stardust". NME Originals Britpop (2005). 2 (4): 121–123. 23 November 1996. ISSN 0028-6362.
- "Pulp take pop at Spice Girls". Daily Mirror. 29 January 1997. Retrieved 17 August 2010.
- "1997 – British Single – Spice Girls". Brit Awards. British Phonographic Industry. 24 February 1997. Retrieved 16 March 2010.
- McGibbon, 1997. p. 140.
- Schiller, Rebecca (2011). "150 Best Tracks of the Past 15 Years". NME. Archived from the original on 8 November 2011. Retrieved 8 November 2011.
- Gundersen, Edna (4 March 1997). "'Lost Highway' a find; Spice Girls add little to pop mixture". USA Today. Retrieved 14 March 2010.
- Kot, Greg (9 March 1997). "Fluffed up Spice Girls' Feminist Stance Overwhelmed by Studio Gloss". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 14 March 2010.
- Peterson, Karla (13 March 1997). "Hooked on a feeling that these songs are an eternal curse". U-T San Diego. Retrieved 14 March 2010.
- Violanti, Anthony (7 February 1997). "Nearly Nirvana Silverchair Makes Up in Energy What It Lacks in Originality". The Buffalo News. Retrieved 17 August 2010.
- Rodman, Sarah (28 February 1997). "Discs Spice Girls debut serves up a heavy dose of sugary pop". Boston Globe. Retrieved 14 March 2010.
- Zacharek, Stephanie (7 February 1997). "Bubblegum Thatcherism". Salon. Salon Media Group. Retrieved 17 August 2010.
- Ruggieri, Melissa (6 February 1997). "Spice Girls' Album is Surprisingly Bland". Richmond Times-Dispatch. Retrieved 14 March 2010.
- Flick, Larry (11 January 1997). "Reviews: Singles: New & Noteworthy: Wannabe". Billboard. 109 (2): 85. ISSN 0006-2510.
- Kelly, Christina (20 March 1997). "Spice Girls: Spice: Music Reviews". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on 15 December 2007. Retrieved 28 August 2007.
- Diehl, Matt (24 January 1997). "Music Review: Wannabe (1996) Spice Girls". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved 8 March 2010.
- Scribner, Sara (8 February 1997). "Album Review/Pop; Girls Add 'Spice' to Sassy Sound; Spice Girls: Spice". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 8 March 2010.
- Aaron, Charles (May 1997). "Singles: Spice Girls, "Wannabe" (Virgin)". Spin. Spin Media LLC. 13 (2): 118. ISSN 0886-3032.
- Christgau, Robert. "The 1997 Pazz & Jop Critics Poll". Robert Christgau.com. Retrieved 18 March 2010.
- Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "Spice > Review". AllMusic. Retrieved 8 March 2010.
- D., Spence (15 November 2007). "Spice Girls – Greatest Hits Review". IGN. Archived from the original on 30 September 2011. Retrieved 17 August 2010.
- Levine, Nick (12 November 2007). "Spice Girls Greatest Hits Review". Digital Spy. Digital Spy Limited. Archived from the original on 29 September 2011. Retrieved 17 August 2010.
- Pride, Dominic (2 November 1996). "Virgin's Spice Girls Spread Flavor Globally. Page 89". Billboard. 108 (44): 89. ISSN 0006-2510.
- McGibbon, 1997. p. 112.
- "Chart Stats – Spice Girls – Wannabe". The Official UK Charts Company. Retrieved 15 March 2010.
- Wright, Jade (6 March 2010). "Number One single from this day in history – "When I Need You" and "Stay"". Liverpool Echo. Retrieved 15 March 2010.
- "Record Breakers and Trivia : Singles : Individual Hits : Sales". Everyhit.com. Archived from the original on 29 September 2011. Retrieved 15 March 2010.
- "Hits of the World: Eurochart Hot 100 (Music & Media) 09/04/96". Billboard. 108 (38): 48. 21 September 1996. ISSN 0006-2510.
- "Hits of the World: Eurochart Hot 100 (Music & Media) 11/07/96". Billboard. 108 (47): 68. 23 November 1996. ISSN 0006-2510.
- "Spice Girls – Wannabe (Nummer)" (in Dutch). Ultratop. 21 September 1996. Retrieved 15 March 2010.
- "Hits of the World: Denmark (IFPI/Nielsen Marketing Research) 08/28/96". Billboard. 108 (37): 63. 14 September 1996. ISSN 0006-2510.
- "Chartverfolgung: Spice Girls – Wannabe" (in German). Media Control Charts. 16 September 1996. Retrieved 15 March 2010.
- "Hits of the World: Ireland (IFPI Ireland/Chart-Track) 08/15/96". Billboard. 108 (35): 101. 31 August 1996. ISSN 0006-2510.
- "De Nederlandse Top 40". Dutch Top 40 (in Dutch). Radio 538. 1996. Retrieved 15 March 2010.
- "Hits of the World: Spain (TVE/AFYVE) 09/21/96". Billboard. 108 (41): 62. 12 October 1996. ISSN 0006-2510.
- "Spice Girls – Wannabe (Song)" (in German). Ö3 Austria Top 40. 13 October 1996. Retrieved 15 March 2010.
- "Hits of the World: Italy (Musica e Dischi/FIMI) 10/03/96". Billboard. 108 (42): 58. 19 October 1996. ISSN 0006-2510.
- "The ARIA Australian Top 100 Singles Chart - Week Ending 25 August 1996". ARIA. Retrieved 2 February 2016.
- "Spice Girls – Wannabe (Song)". Australian Recording Industry Association. 3 November 1996. Retrieved 15 March 2010.
- "ARIA Charts – End of Year Charts – Top 50 Singles 1996". Australian Recording Industry Association. Retrieved 15 March 2010.
- "ARIA Charts – THIS WEEK IN... 1996". Australian Recording Industry Association. Retrieved 13 February 2017.
- "Spice Girls – Wannabe (Song)". Recording Industry Association of New Zealand. 10 November 1996. Retrieved 15 March 2010.
- "Top Singles – Volume 64, No. 18, December 16, 1996". RPM. 16 December 1996. Retrieved 15 March 2010.
- "Top Singles – Volume 64, No. 25, February 24, 1997". RPM. 24 February 1997. Retrieved 15 March 2010.
- "Top Singles – Volume 66, No. 15, December 15, 1997". RPM. 15 December 1997. Retrieved 15 March 2010.
- "Dance/Urban – Volume 64, No. 25, February 24, 1997". RPM. 24 February 1997. Retrieved 15 March 2010.
- "Dance/Urban – Volume 66, No. 15, December 15, 1997". RPM. 15 December 1997. Retrieved 15 March 2010.
- "The Billboard Hot 100: Wannabe – Spice Girls". Billboard. 25 January 1997. Retrieved 15 March 2010.
- "Radio Songs: Week of March 01, 1997 – Wannabe". Billboard. 1 March 1997. Retrieved 15 March 2010.
- "Hot 100 Singles Sales". Billboard. 109 (8): 95. 22 February 1997. ISSN 0006-2510.
- Jeffrey, Don (31 January 1998). "Best-selling Records of 1997". Billboard. Retrieved 2012-01-05.
- "Spice > Charts & Awards > Billboard Singles". AllMusic. Retrieved 22 April 2010.
- McGibbon, 1997. p. 107.
- Sinclair, 2004. p. 75.
- Brown, 2002. p. 209.
- Halliwell, 1999. p. 218.
- "MTV Video Music Awards – 1997". MTV. 4 September 1997. Archived from the original on 29 September 2011. Retrieved 2 March 2010.
- Pride, Dominic (30 August 1997). "Queen and U2 among Comet Award Winners". Billboard. 109 (35): 60. ISSN 0006-2510.
- "1997 – British Video – Spice Girls". Brit Awards. British Phonographic Industry. 24 February 1997. Retrieved 2 March 2010.
- "The One Hundred... Greatest Pop Videos". Channel Four Television Corporation. Retrieved 2 March 2010.
- "Top 10 Most Iconic Girl Group Music Videos: 'Waterfalls,' 'Wannabe' & More". Billboard. 4 March 2015. Retrieved 2 February 2017.
- De Ribera Berenguer, 1997. p. 40.
- Wright, Matthew (10 November 1997). "We're Spice Boys!; Fab Five make celebrity Wannabes stars of their TV show". Daily Mirror. Retrieved 24 February 2010.
- De Ribera Berenguer, 1997. p. 38.
- "The Spice Girls make 'cheesy, mindless music'-and they're a red-hot hit with the preteen crowd". The Atlanta Journal-Constitution. 19 January 1998. Retrieved 24 February 2010.
- "SNL: 25 Years of Music". IMDB. Retrieved 12 February 2017.
- McGibbon, 1997. p. 117.
- "Spicing Up IRMA". The People. 2 February 1997. Retrieved 23 February 2010.
- Halliwell, 1999. p. 273.
- "New Spice Record And Movie Underway". Rolling Stone. 16 August 1997.
- "Spice Girls Go Pay-Per-View". MTV. 3 December 1997. Retrieved 1 March 2010.
- Spice Girls (1998). Girl Power! Live in Istanbul (VHS). Virgin Records.
- "See the Spice Girls Live in Scotland!; Ticket Contest". Daily Record. 19 March 1998. Retrieved 1 March 2010.
- Graham, Brad L. (4 August 1998). "Spice Girls Show Mixes Glitz and Fun". St. Louis Post-Dispatch. Retrieved 1 March 2010.
- Horan, Tom (6 December 1999). "The Spice Girls wrap up Christmas". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 1 March 2010.
- "Set List; The Return of the Spice Girls". Sunday Mirror. 16 December 2007. Retrieved 1 March 2010.
- Beckham, 2001. p. 271.
- Spice Girls (1998). Spice Girls Live at Wembley Stadium (VHS). Virgin Records.
- "London ends Olympics on extravagant notes – Europe". Al Jazeera. 4 October 2011. Retrieved 13 August 2012.
- "Watch: Spice Girls' iconic "Wannabe" transformed into an epic 2016 feminist anthem". Vox. 5 July 2016. Retrieved 12 February 2017.
- "THE 11 MOST ICONIC GIRL POWER TRACKS OF THE '90S". MTV News. 6 May 2014. Retrieved 12 February 2017.
- "Spice Girls' Wannabe video gets remake for female equality push". The Guardian. Retrieved 12 February 2017.
- "Spice Girls' 'Wannabe' Meets United Nations In This Incredible Lip Sync Video". Billboard. Retrieved 12 February 2017.
- "#WHATIREALLYREALLYWANT". The Global Goals: Australia Campaign. Retrieved 12 February 2017.
- "Experiment in Terror > Overview". AllMusic. Retrieved 2 March 2010.
- Cooper, Sean. "Lunatic Harness > Review". AllMusic. Retrieved 4 March 2010.
- "The London Double Bass Sound > Overview". AllMusic. Retrieved 2 March 2010.
- "Sybersound Dance Mixes, Vol. 2 > Overview". AllMusic. Retrieved 4 March 2010.
- "The World of Hits of the 80's > Overview". AllMusic. Retrieved 4 March 2010.
- Tilley, Steve (17 October 1999). "Shaw Conference Centre, Edmonton – Oct. 17, 99 Yankovic weird and wonderful". Jam!. CANOE. Archived from the original on 29 September 2011. Retrieved 4 March 2010.
- DaRonco, Mike. "Schminkie Minkie Pinkie (EP) > Review". AllMusic. Retrieved 2 March 2010.
- "Schizo > Overview". AllMusic. Retrieved 4 March 2010.
- "Waste of MFZB > Overview". AllMusic. Retrieved 4 March 2010.
- "Mc Mayara lança versão funk para hit 'Wannabe' das Spice Girls e divide opiniões na web". Jornal Extra. 21 December 2005. Retrieved 4 March 2010.
- "Funkeiras lançam versão funk de hit das Spice Girls; veja clipe". UOL. 21 December 2005. Retrieved 4 March 2010.
- "MC Mayara e o Quarteto EFB lançam clipe para "Mereço Muito Mais", versão do clássico "Wannabe" das Spice Girls!". Portal IT Pop. 21 December 2005. Retrieved 4 March 2010.
- "OMG: Hit das Spice Girls ganha versão em português nas mãos de grupo de funkeiras". Popline. 21 December 2005. Retrieved 4 March 2010.
- Sams, Christine (18 December 2006). "The year of the Veronicas". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 4 March 2010.
- Lyons, Beverley; Bennett, Cath (21 December 2005). "Grohl Wants to Spice it Up". Daily Record. Retrieved 4 March 2010.
- "Regine Velasquez performs Spice Girls medley". Youtube. Retrieved 13 February 2017.
- "Spice Girls medley on SOP". Youtube. Retrieved 13 February 2017.
- "SNSD Wannabe Spice Girls?". allkpop. Retrieved 12 February 2017.
- "SNSD covers Wannabe". Youtube. Retrieved 12 February 2017.
- "FIFTH HARMONY RESURRECTED THE SPICE GIRLS & PERFORMED 'WANNABE,' TAKING GIRL GROUP NIRVANA TO NEW HEIGHTS". MTV news. Retrieved 12 February 2017.
- "Fifth Harmony - "Wannabe" Spice Girls Cover". Youtube. Retrieved 12 February 2017.
- "DNCE Setlist". setlist.fm. Retrieved 12 February 2017.
- Phares, Heather. "Chicken Little (Original Soundtrack) > Overview". AllMusic. Retrieved 4 March 2010.
- "Madagascar 3: Europe's Most Wanted > Soundtracks". IMDB. Retrieved 12 February 2017.
- "Small Soldiers > Soundtracks". IMDB. Retrieved 12 February 2017.
- "The Heartbreak Kid > Soundtracks". IMDB. Retrieved 12 February 2017.
- "Nick & Norah's Infinite Playlist > Soundtracks". IMDB. Retrieved 12 February 2017.
- "American Reunion > Soundtracks". IMDB. Retrieved 12 February 2017.
- "Central Intelligence > Soundtracks". IMDB. Retrieved 12 February 2017.
- "Sleepover > Soundtracks". IMDB. Retrieved 12 February 2017.
- "Fuller House > Love Is in the Air > Soundtracks". IMDB. Retrieved 12 February 2017.
- "NICKI MINAJ SHOWED US WHAT'S GOOD BY CRASHING 'SATURDAY NIGHT LIVE'". MTV News. 11 October 2015. Retrieved 20 February 2017.
- "The Simpsons > Maximum Homerdrive > Soundtracks". IMDB. Retrieved 12 February 2017.
- "The Simpsons > Fraudcast News > Soundtracks". IMDB. Retrieved 12 February 2017.
- "Daria > College Bored > Soundtracks". IMDB. Retrieved 12 February 2017.
- "Coronation Street > Episode #1.8688 > Soundtracks". IMDB. Retrieved 12 February 2017.
- Wannabe (UK CD1 Single liner). Spice Girls. Virgin Records. 1996. VSCDT 1588.
- "Spice Girls – Wannabe (Chanson)" (in French). Ultratop. 5 October 1996. Retrieved 15 March 2010.
- "Spice Girls – Wannabe (Song)". YLE. 1996. Retrieved 15 March 2010.
- "Spice Girls – Wannabe (Chanson)" (in French). Syndicat National de l'Édition Phonographique. 28 September 1996. Retrieved 15 March 2010.
- "Spice Girls – Wannabe (Song)". Verdens Gang. 1996. Retrieved 15 March 2010.
- "Official Scottish Singles Chart Top 100". officialcharts.com.
- "Spice Girls – Wannabe (Song)". Sverigetopplistan. 30 August 1996. Retrieved 15 March 2010.
- "Spice Girls – Wannabe (Song)". Swiss Charts (in German). Hung Medien. 15 September 1996. Retrieved 15 March 2010.
- "All The No.1 Singles: Spice Girls – Wannabe". The Official UK Charts Company. 27 July 1996. Retrieved 15 March 2010.
- "Spice Girls – Chart history" Billboard Hot 100 for Spice Girls.
- "Wannabe – Spice Girls: Chart History". Billboard. Retrieved 15 March 2010.
- "Jahreshitparade 1996" (in German). Ö3 Austria Top 40. Retrieved 11 April 2011.
- "Jaaroverzichten 1996" (in Dutch). Ultratop. Retrieved 11 April 2011.
- "Rapports annuels 1996" (in French). Ultratop. Retrieved 11 April 2011.
- "Jaaroverzichten 1996" (in Dutch). MegaCharts. Retrieved 11 April 2011.
- "Classement Singles – année 1996" (in French). Syndicat National de l'Édition Phonographique. Retrieved 11 April 2011.
- "Top 100 Single-Jahrescharts". GfK Entertainment (in German). offiziellecharts.de. Retrieved 23 October 2015.
- 1996 End of Year Chart . Retrieved 06 December 2016.
- 1997 Swedish Singles Chart  . Retrieved 31 July 2013.
- "Swiss Year-End Chart 1996". Swiss Charts. Hung Medien. Retrieved 11 April 2011.
- "Chart Archive - 1990s Singles". everyHit.com. Retrieved 29 September 2014.
- "ARIA Charts - End Of Year Charts - Top 100 Singles 1997". Retrieved 11 April 2015.
- "The Year in Music". Billboard. 109 (52): 32, 36. 27 December 1997. ISSN 0006-2510.
- The Official Charts Company. "U.K. All-Time Chart". Every Hit. Retrieved 28 September 2015.
- "The ARIA Australian Top 100 Singles 1997". ARIA. Retrieved 2 February 2016.
- "French single certifications – Spice Girls" (in French). Syndicat National de l'Édition Phonographique. Retrieved 2011-09-28.
- "InfoDisc : Les Certifications (Singles) du SNEP (Les Singles de Diamant)". Infodisc.fr. Retrieved 2014-03-31.
- "Gold-/Platin-Datenbank (Spice Girls)" (in German). Bundesverband Musikindustrie. Retrieved 2011-09-28.
- "Italian single certifications – Spice Girls" (in Italian). Federazione Industria Musicale Italiana. Select Online in the field Sezione. Enter Spice Girls in the field Filtra. Select 1997 in the field Anno. The certification will load automatically
- "2 Become 1 (di Spice Girl - Stannara - Rowe)". Retrieved 9 March 2015.
- "January 2011 Report" (in Japanese). Recording Industry Association of Japan. Retrieved 8 May 2015.
- "Goud/Platina – The Spice Girls – Wannabe" (in Dutch). NVPI. 1996. Archived from the original on 11 December 2008. Retrieved 15 August 2012.
- "Top 50 Singles Chart, 4 May 1997". Recording Industry Association of New Zealand. Retrieved 2012-01-05.
- "Norwegian single certifications – Spice Girls" (in Norwegian). IFPI Norway. Retrieved 2011-09-28.
- "Guld- och Platinacertifikat − År 1987−1998" (PDF) (in Swedish). IFPI Sweden. Retrieved 2011-09-28.
- "The Official Swiss Charts and Music Community: Awards (Spice Girls)". IFPI Switzerland. Hung Medien. Retrieved 2011-09-28.
- "British single certifications – Spice Girls". British Phonographic Industry. Retrieved 2011-09-28. Enter Spice Girls in the field Search. Select Artist in the field Search by. Select single in the field By Format. Select Platinum in the field By Award. Click Search
- "American single certifications – Spice Girls". Recording Industry Association of America. If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Single, then click SEARCH
- "The Spice Girls' 'Wannabe' is 18 years old today". Click Music. 8 July 2014. Retrieved 9 July 2014.
- レコード協会調べ 2月度有料音楽配信認定 ＜略称：2月度認定＞ (in Japanese). Recording Industry Association of Japan. 20 February 2011. Retrieved 21 February 2011.
- Beckham, Victoria (2001). Learning to Fly. Penguin Books Ltd. ISBN 0-14-100394-4.
- Blake, Andrew (1999). Living Through Pop. Routledge. ISBN 0-415-16199-1.
- Bloustien, Gerry (1999). Musical Visions. Wakefield Press. ISBN 1-86254-500-6.
- Bronson, Fred (2003). The Billboard Book of Number 1 Hits (5th ed.). Billboard Books. ISBN 0-8230-7677-6.
- Brown, Melanie (2002). Catch a Fire: The Autobiography. Headline Book Publishing. ISBN 0-7553-1063-2.
- Cripps, Rebecca; Peachey, Mal; Spice Girls (1997). Real Life: Real Spice The Official Story. Zone/Chameleon Books. ISBN 0-233-99299-5.
- De Ribera Berenguer, Juan (1997). Colección: Ídolos del Pop-Spice Girls (in Spanish). Editorial La Máscara. ISBN 84-7974-236-4.
- Halliwell, Geraldine (1999). If Only. Delacorte Press. ISBN 0-385-33475-3.
- Halliwell, Geraldine (2003). Just for the Record. Ebury Publishing. ISBN 0-09-188804-2.
- McGibbon, Rob (1997). Spice Power: The Inside Story. Macmillan Publishers Ltd. ISBN 0-7522-1142-0.
- Shuker, Roy (2001). Understanding Popular Music. Routledge. ISBN 0-415-23509-X.
- Sinclair, David (2004). Wannabe: How the Spice Girls Reinvented Pop Fame. Omnibus Press. ISBN 0-7119-8643-6.
- Spice Girls (1997). Girl Power!. Zone/Chameleon Books. ISBN 0-233-99165-4.
- Spice Girls (2008). Spice Girls Greatest Hits (Piano/Vocal/Guitar) Artist Songbook. Hal Leonard Corporation. ISBN 1-4234-3688-1.
- Whiteley, Sheila (2000). Women and Popular Music: Sexuality, Identity, and Subjectivity. Routledge. ISBN 0-415-21189-1.