Y-DNA haplogroups in indigenous peoples of the Americas
Listed here are notable Indigenous peoples of the Americas by human Y-chromosome DNA haplogroups based on relevant studies. The samples are taken from individuals identified with the ethnic and linguistic designations in the first two columns, the fourth column (n) is the sample size studied, and the other columns give the percentage of the particular haplogroup.
- Recent African origin of modern humans
- Settlement of the Americas
- Y-Chromosome (Paternal) Lineages
- Most recent common ancestor
- Algonquian ethnic groups: Ojibwe, Cheyenne/Arapaho, Shawnee, Mi'kmaq, Kickapoo and Meskwaki.
- Q-M3=12.9; Q(xM3)=20.6.
- Athabaskan ethnic groups: Chipewyan, Tłı̨chǫ, Tanana, Apache and Navajo.
- Q-M3=32.; Q3(xM3)=17.7.
- Chibchan ethnic groups: Ngöbe and Kuna peoples.
- Q-M3=6; Q(xM3)=25.
- P1(xQ) 62.5%. While other studies identify this as R(xR2)/R1b,
the subject remains controversial (see Hammer, Michael F. et al 2005)
- Q-M3=8.2; Q(xQ-M3)=7.2.
- Q-M3=40.5; Q(xM3)=5.4.
- Gê ethnic groups: Gorotire, Kaigang, Kraho, Mekranoti and Xikrin.
- Q-M3=90; Q(xM3)=2)
- Q-M3=79; Q(xM3)=7.
- Q-M3=11; Q(xM3)=67.
- Q-M3=10.7; NWT01=44.6.
- Muskogean ethnic groups: Chickasaw, Choctaw, Muscogee and Seminole.
- Q-M3=50.0; Q(xM3)=25.0.
- Q-M3=83; Q(xM3)=9.
- Q-M3=89; Q(xM3)=11.
- C3*=9; C3b=9
- Q-M3=64; Q-MEH2*=9; Q-NWT01=9.
- Tupi–Guarani Brazilian ethnic groups: Asuriní, Parakanã, Ka'apor and Wayampi.
- All examples of haplogroup Q were Q-M3.
- Uto-Aztecan ethnic groups: Pima, Tohono O'odham, Tarahumara, Nahua, Cora and Huichol.
- Q-M3=48; Q(xM3)=21.
- Q-M3=86<; Q(xM3)=14.
- Q-M3=33; Q(xM3)=48.
- Bolnick, Deborah A. et al 2006, Asymmetric Male and Female Genetic Histories among Native Americans from Eastern North America
- Zegura, Stephen L. et al 2004, High-Resolution SNPs and Microsatellite Haplotypes Point to a Single, Recent Entry of Native American Y Chromosomes into the Americas
- Malhi, Ripan Singh et al 2008, Distribution of Y Chromosomes Among Native North Americans: A Study of Athapaskan Population History
- Bortolini, Maria-Catira et al 2003, Y-Chromosome Evidence for Differing Ancient Demographic Histories in the Americas
- Matthew C. Dulik et al 2012, Y-chromosome analysis reveals genetic divergence and new founding native lineages in Athapaskan- and Eskimoan-speaking populations PNAS May 29, 2012 vol. 109 no. 22
- Hammer, Michael F. et al 2005, Population structure of Y chromosome SNP haplogroups in the United States and forensic implications for constructing Y chromosome STR databases
- Peter N. Jones (October 2002). American Indian Mtdna, Y Chromosome Genetic Data, and the Peopling of North America. Bauu Institute. ISBN 978-0-9721349-1-0.
- Y Haplogroups of the World (pdf) - School of Chemical Sciences, University of Illinois
- Y-DNA Ethnographic and Genographic Atlas and Open-Source Data Compilation