Agriculture in the Philippines
Agriculture in the Philippines employs 32% of the Filipino workforce as of 2013, according to World Bank statistics. Agriculture accounts for 12% of Filipino GDP as of 2013, according to the World Bank.
Rice production in the Philippines has grown significantly since the 1950s. Improved varieties of rice developed during the Green Revolution, including at the International Rice Research Institute based in the Philippines have improved crop yields. Crop yields have also improved due to increased use of fertilisers. Average productivity increased from 1.23 metric tons per hectare in 1961 to 3.59 metric tons per hectare in 2009.
There are at least 19 provinces and 11 regions that produce sugarcane in the Philippines. A range from 360,000 to 390,000 hectares are devoted to sugarcane production. The largest sugarcane areas are found in Negros which accounts for 51% of sugarcane areas planted. This is followed by Mindanao which accounts for 20%; Luzon, 17%; Panay islands, 7% and Eastern Visayas, 4%.
It is estimated that as of 2012, the industry provides direct employment to 700,000 sugarcane workers spread across 19 sugar producing provinces.
Sugar growing in the Philippines pre-dates Spanish contact. Sugar became the most important agricultural export of the Philippines between the late eighteenth century and the mid-1970s. During the 1950s and 60s, more than 20 percent income of Philippine exports came from the sugar industry. Between 1913 and 1974, the Philippines sugar industry enjoyed favoured terms of trade with the US, with special access to the protected and subsidized U.S. sugar market.
Coconuts plays an important role in the national economy of the Philippines. According to figures published in December 2009 by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, it is the world's largest producer of coconuts, producing 19,500,000 tonnes in 2009. Production in the Philippines is generally concentrated in medium-sized farms.
There are 3.5 million hectares dedicated to coconut production in the Philippines, which accounts for 25 per cent of total agricultural land in the country.
In 1989, it was estimated that between 25 percent and 33 percent of the population was at least partly dependent on coconuts for their livelihood. Historically, the Southern Tagalog and Bicol regions of Luzon and the Eastern Visayas were the centers of coconut production. In the 1980s, Western Mindanao and Southern Mindanao also became important coconut-growing regions.
Mangoes are the third most important fruit crop of the country based on export volume and value next to bananas and pineapples.
600,000 Filipinos are employed in corn production.
- Coffee production in the Philippines
- Ostrich farming in the Philippines
- Crocodile farming in the Philippines
- Federation of Free Farmers
- "Employment in agriculture (% of total employment)", World Bank, 2014.
- "Agriculture, value added (% of GDP)", World Bank, 2014.
- "2009 Crop Production Statistics". FAO Stat. FAO Statistics. Retrieved 30 March 2011.
- "Factbox - Top 10 rice exporting, importing countries". Reuters. 28 January 2011. Retrieved 30 March 2011.
- "Palay: Volume of Production by Cereal Type, Geolocation, Period and Year". CountrySTAT Database. Bureau of Agricultural Statistics. Retrieved 30 March 2011.
- "Philippine economy posts 7.1 percent GDP growth". National Accounts of the Philippines. National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 30 March 2011.
- Master Plan For the Philippine Sugar Industry. Sugar Master Plan Foundation, Inc. 2010. p. 7.
- Food And Agriculture Organization of the United Nations:
Economic And Social Department: The Statistical Division
- Hayami, Yūjirō; Quisumbing, Maria Agnes R.; Adriano, Lourdes S. (1990). Toward an alternative land reform paradigm: a Philippine perspective. Ateneo de Manila University Press. p. 108. ISBN 978-971-11-3096-1. Retrieved 15 November 2011.
- "Philippines to launch coconut cluster". Investvine.com. 2013-02-16. Retrieved 2013-02-22.
- Ronald E. Dolan, ed. Philippines: A Country Study. Washington: GPO for the Library of Congress, 1991.
- fao.org. "Agriculture Statistics > Pineapples > Pineapple production (2009) by country". Retrieved 7 Nov 2011.
- "Banana", Philippines Department of Agriculture, 2014.
- "Mango", Philippines Department of Agriculture, 2014.
- "Agri-Pinoy Corn Program", Republic of Philippines Department of Agriculture.
- "Rubber", Philippines Department of Agriculture, 2014.
- Jesus, Ed. C. De (1980). The Tobacco Monopoly in the Philippines: Bureaucratic Enterprise and Social Change, 1766-1880. Ateneo University Press. ISBN 9715501680. Retrieved 24 April 2014.