Timeline of Philippine history

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This is a timeline of Philippine history, comprising important legal and territorial changes and political events in the Philippines and their predecessor states. To read about the background to these events, see History of the Philippines. See also the list of Presidents of the Philippines.

Centuries: 9th · 10th · 11th · 12th · 13th · 14th · 15th · 16th · 17th · 18th · 19th · 20th · 21st

10th century[edit]

Year Date Event
900 End of prehistory. Laguna Copperplate Inscription, the earliest known Philippine document, is written in the Manila area in Kawi script.
Rise of Indianized Kingdom of Tondo around Manila Bay.

Kingdom of Tondo - Tondo, (also referred to as Tundo, Tundun, Tundok, Lusung) was a fortified kingdom which was located in the Manila Bay area, specifically north of the Pasig River, on Luzon island. It is one of the settlements mentioned by the Philippines' earliest historical record, the Laguna Copperplate Inscription. Originally an Indianized kingdom in the 10th century, Tondo built upon and capitalized on being central to the long-existing ancient regional trading routes throughout the archipelago to include among others, initiating diplomatic and commercial ties with China during the Ming Dynasty. Thus it became an established force in trade throughout Southeast Asia and East Asia. (See Luções). Tondo's regional prominence further culminated during the period of its associated trade and alliance with Brunei's Sultan Bolkiah, when around 1500 its peak age as a thalassocratic force in the northern archipelago was realized. When the Spanish first arrived in Tondo in 1570 and defeated the local rulers in the Manila Bay area in 1591, Tondo came under the administration of Manila (a Spanish fort built on the remains of Kota Seludong), ending its existence as an independent state. This subjugated Tondo continues to exist today as a district of the city of Manila.

11th century[edit]

Year Date Event
1000 People from Central Vietnam called Orang Dampuan establish trade zones in Sulu
1001 Song Shih document records tributary delegation from the Buddhist Kingdom of Butuan on March 17.

Kingdom of Butuan - The Kingdom of Butuan(Tagalog: Kahariang Butuan) (蒲端國 in Chinese records) was an ancient Indianized kingdom in pre-colonial southern Philippines centered on the present Mindanao island city of Butuan. It was known for its mining of gold, its gold products and its extensive trade network across the Nusantara area. The kingdom had trading relationships with the ancient civilizations of Japan, China, India, Indonesia, Persia, Cambodia and areas now comprised in Thailand The balangay (large outrigger boats) that have been found along the east and west banks of the Libertad river(old Agusan River) have revealed much about Butuan's history. As a result Butuan is considered to have been a major trading port in the Caraga region during the pre-colonial era.

12th century[edit]

Year Date Event
1175 Kingdom of Namayan reaches its peak.

Kingdom of Namayan - The ancient Kingdom of Namayan (also called the Kingdom of Sapa, Maysapan or Nasapan,[1] and sometimes Lamayan - both references to its capital) was one of three major kingdoms that dominated the banks of the Pasig River and the coast of Laguna de Bay in the Philippines prior to the Spanish conquest in the 16th century. Namayan is said to be the oldest of the three kingdoms, predating the kingdoms of Tondo and Maynila. Formed by a confederation of barangays, it is said to have achieved its peak in 1175.

13th century[edit]

Year Date Event
1240 Tuan Masha'ika, an Arab, travels and introduces Islam to Sulu.

Arab people - Arab people, also known as Arabs (Arabic: عرب, ʿarab), are a panethnicity primarily living in the Arab world, which is located in Western Asia and North Africa. They are identified as such on one or more of genealogical, linguistic, or cultural grounds, with tribal affiliations, and intra-tribal relationships playing an important part of Arab identity. The word "Arab" has had several different, but overlapping, meanings over the centuries (and sometimes even today). In addition to including all Arabized people of the world (with language tending to be the acid test), it has also at times been used exclusively for bedouin (Arab nomads [although a related word, "`a-RAB," with the Arabic letter "alif" in the second syllable, once was sometimes used when this specific meaning was intended] and their now almost entirely settled descendants). It is sometimes used that way colloquially even today in some places. Townspeople once were sometimes called "sons of the Arabs." As in the case of other ethnicities or nations, people identify themselves (or are identified by others) as "Arabs" to varying degrees. This may not be one's primary identity (it tends to compete with country, religion, sect, etc.), and whether it is emphasized may depend upon one's audience. If the diverse Arab pan-ethnicity is regarded as a single ethnic group, then it constitutes one of the world's largest after Han Chinese. Islam - Islam (/ˈɪslɑːm/; Arabic: الإسلام, al-ʾIslām IPA: [ælʔɪsˈlæːm] ( listen)) is a monotheistic and Abrahamic religion articulated by the Qur'an, a book considered by its adherents to be the verbatim word of God (Arabic: الله Allāh) and by the teachings and normative example (called the Sunnah and composed of Hadith) of Muhammad, considered by them to be the last prophet of God. An adherent of Islam is called a Muslim. Muslims believe that God is one and incomparable and the purpose of existence is to love and serve God. Muslims also believe that Islam is the complete and universal version of a primordial faith that was revealed at many times and places before, including through Abraham, Moses and Jesus, whom they consider prophets. They maintain that the previous messages and revelations have been partially misinterpreted or altered over time, but consider the Arabic Qur'an to be both the unaltered and the final revelation of God. Religious concepts and practices include the five pillars of Islam, which are basic concepts and obligatory acts of worship, and following Islamic law, which touches on virtually every aspect of life and society, providing guidance on multifarious topics from banking and welfare, to warfare and the environment. Most Muslims are of two denominations, Sunni (75–90%),or Shia (10–20%).About 13% of Muslims live in Indonesia, the largest Muslim-majority country, 25% in South Asia,20% in the Middle East,[10] and 15% in Sub-saharan Africa.[11] Sizable minorities are also found in Europe,China, Russia, and the Americas. Converts and immigrant communities are found in almost every part of the world (see Islam by country). With about 1.57 billion followers or 23% of earth's population,Islam is the second-largest religion and one of the fastest-growing religions in the world. Sulu - Sulu (Tausūg: سوگ, Sūg), (Chavacano:Provincia de Sūlū), (Filipino: Lalawigan ng Sulu) is an autonomous island province of the Philippines located in the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM). Its capital is Jolo and occupies the middle group of islands of the Sulu Archipelago, between Basilan and Tawi-Tawi.

14th century[edit]

Year Date Event
1380 Karim Al-Makhdum arrives in Jolo and builds a Mosque.
1400 Birth of the Baybayin, Hanunoo, Tagbanwa, and Buhid scripts from Brahmi.

Makhdum Karim - Makhdum Karim was a 14th-century Arab trader who brought Islam to the Philippines, in 1380. He established a mosque in Sulu, known as Sheik Karimal Makdum Mosque which is the oldest mosque in the country.

   This biographical article about a person notable in connection with Islam is a stub.
       This biographical article about a Filipino religious figure is a stub.

15th century[edit]

Year Date Event
1457 Sultanate of Sulu founded by Sharif Al-Hashim.[1]

Sultanate of Sulu - The Sultanate of Sulu Dar al-Islam[note 1] (Jawi: سلطنة سولو دار الإسلام) was an Islamic Tausūg[note 2] state that ruled over many of the islands of the Sulu Sea, in the southern Philippines and certain portions of present-day Sabah (then North Borneo) specifically "north-west coast and extending along the whole east coast as far as the Sibuco River in the south and comprising amongst others the States of Paitan, Sugut, Bangaya, Labuk, Sandakan, Kina Batangan, Mumiang, and all the other territories and states to the southward thereof bordering on Darvel Bay and as far as the Sibuco river with all the islands within three marine leagues of the coast."[2] The sultanate was founded in 1457[note 3] by a Johore-born Arab explorer and religious scholar Sayyid Abu Bakr Abirin[note 4] after he settled in Banua Buansa Ummah (ummah is an Arabic term for "community"), Sulu. After the marriage of Abu Bakr and local dayang-dayang (princess) Paramisuli, he founded the sultanate and assumed the title Paduka Mahasari Maulana al Sultan Sharif ul-Hāshim. The Sultanate's temporal power was relinquished in March 1915 after American commanders negotiated with Sultan Jamalul Kiram on behalf of then-Governor-General Francis Burton Harrison. An agreement was subsequently signed and was called as the "Carpenter Agreement". By this agreement, the Sultan relinquished all temporal power over territory within the Philippines (except for certain specific land granted to Sultan Jamalul Kiram and his heirs), but retained his rights of sovereignty over the territory of North Borneo and his religious authority as titular head of the Islamic Church in Sulu.

16th century[edit]

Year Date Event
1500 Rise of Kingdom of Maynila under the Bolkiah dynasty
1521 March 16 Ferdinand Magellan lands on Homonhon with three small ships, named the Concepcion, Trinidad and Victoria. Magellan calls the place the Arcigelago de San Lazaro since March 16 is the feast day of Saint Lazarus
March 28 Magellan reaches the Philippines
March 29 Blood Compact between Magellan and Rajah Kulambo of Limasawa
March 31 The first mass on Philippine soil is celebrated.
April 7 Magellan meets Rajah Humabon of Cebu and enters into another Blood Compact. Humabon and his wife are baptized into the Catholic Church.
April 27 Magellan is killed by Lapu-Lapu in the battle of Mactan.
1525 Spain sends an expedition under Juan Garcia Jofre de Loaysa to the Philippines. The Loaysa Expedition failed
1526 Spain sends another expedition under Juan Cabot to the Philippines. The Cabot Expedition also failed
1527 Spain sends a fourth expedition under Alvaro de Saavedra to the Philippines.
1529 Saavedra's expedition returns to Spain without Saavedra who died on the way home.
1536 The Loaysa expedition returns to Spain. One of its survivors is Andres de Urdaneta, its chronicler.
1543 Spain sends a fifth expedition under Ruy López de Villalobos to the Philippines. The Expedition succeeds
February 2 Villalobos arrives in the Philippines and names the islands of Samar and Leyte as Las Islas Filipinas in honor of the crown prince of Spain, Philip of Asturias
1565 February 13 Miguel López de Legazpi arrives in the Philippines with four ships and 380 men
8 May Legazpi established the first permanent Spanish settlement in the country
Philippines was governed as a territory of the Viceroyalty of New Spain.
1567 Dagami Revolt (1567)[2][3][4][5][6]
1568 The Portuguese, under the command of General Gonzalo de Pereira, attack Cebu and blockade its port.
1570 The Portuguese again attack the colony and are repulsed.
May Legaspi sends an expedition under the leadership of Martin de Goiti to Manila.
1571 19 May The ruler of Manila, Rajah Suliman, wages war against the Spaniards
June 24 Legaspi establishes the Spanish Colonial Government in Manila and proclaims it the capital of the colony
1572 August 20 Legazpi dies and Guido de Lavezaris succeeds him as Governor-General (1572–1575)
1574 November 23 The Chinese pirate captain Limahong attacks Manila but fails
December 2 Limahong again attacks Manila with 1500 soldiers but again fails to defeat the Spaniards
December Lakandula leads a short revolt against the Spanish.[2][3][4][5][6]
1575 Ciudad de Nueva Cáceres(later renamed as Naga City) established by Captain Pedro de Sanchez
August 25 Francisco de Sande appointed Governor-General (1575–1580)
1579 Diocese of Manila established
1580 April Gonzalo Ronquillo de Peñaloza appointed Governor-General (1580–1583)
King Philip II of Spain becomes King of Portugal, ending the Portuguese harassment of the Philippines
The Spaniards institute forced labor on all male natives aged 16 to 60.
1582 Battles take place between Spanish forces and Japanese Ronin
1583 March 10 Diego Ronquillo appointed Governor-General (1583–1584)
August A great fire destroys Manila
1584 16 May Santiago de Vera appointed Governor-General (1584–1590)
1585 Pampangos Revolt (1585)[2][3][4][5][6]
1587 Conspiracy of the Maharlikas (1587–1588)[2][3][4][5][6]
1589 Revolts Against the Tribute (1589)[2][3][4][5][6]
1590 Missionaries from the Society of Jesus established the Colegio de Manila in Intramuros.[7][8][9]
June 1 Gómez Pérez Dasmariñas appointed Governor-General (1590–1593)
1592 Miguel de Benavides's Doctrina Christiana in Chinese published
1593 Doctrina Christiana in Spanish and Tagalog published
October Pedro de Rojas appointed Governor-General (1593)
December 3 Luis Pérez Dasmariñas appointed Governor-General (1593–1596)
1595 Diocese of Manila raised to an Archbishopric
Diocese of Nueva Segovia established.
Diocese of Caceres established.
Diocese of Cebu established.
Colegio de San Ildefonso founded in Cebu
1596 Magalat Revolt (1596)[2][3][4][5][6]
July 14 Francisco de Tello de Guzmán appointed Governor-General (1596–1602)
1598 Colegio de Santa Potenciana, the first school for girls in the Philippines, established[7][10][11][12]
1600 Pedro Bucaneg inscribes the oral epic Biag ni Lam-ang

17th century[edit]

Year Date Event
1600 The Dutch attacks the archipelago in a tactical offensive during the European war between Spain and the Netherlands
Bandala System is formed by the Spanish Colonial Government
The Galleon trade between Manila and Acapulco, Mexico begins.
1601 Igorot Revolt (1601).[2][3][4][5][6]
August 1 Colegio de San Jose is established[7][13][14][15]
1602 Chinese revolt of 1602[2][3][4][5][6]
May Pedro Bravo de Acuña appointed Governor-General (1602–1606).
1606 June 24 Cristóbal Téllez de Almanza appointed Governor-General (1606–1608) by the Audiencia Real.
1608 June 15 Rodrigo de Vivero y Velasco appointed Governor-General (1608–1609).
1609 April Juan de Silva appointed Governor-General (1609–1616).
1611 April 28 University of Santo Tomas established as the Colegio de Nuestra Señora del Santísimo Rosario (later renamed the Colegio de Santo Tomas).[7][16][17]
1616 April 19 Andrés Alcaraz appointed Governor-General (1616–1618) by the Audiencia Real.
1618 July 3 Alonso Fajardo de Entenza appointed Governor-General (1618–1624).
1619 University of Santo Tomas, then known as Colegio de Nuestra Señora del Santissimo Rosario, recognized by the Holy See.[16][17]
1620 Colegio de San Juan de Letran established as the Colegio de Huerfanos de San Pedro y San Pablo.[7][18][19][20]
1621 The Colegio de Manila raised to the status of a University and renamed as the Universidad de San Ignacio by Pope Gregory XV.[7][9]
Tamblot Revolt (1621–1622)[2][3][4][5][6]
Bankaw Revolt (1621–1622)[2][3][4][5][6]
1624 July Jeronimo de Silva appointed Governor-General (1624–1625) by the Audiencia Real.
July Fernando de Silva appointed Governor-General (1624–1626).
1625 Isneg Revolt (1625–1627)[2][3][4][5][6]
1626 June 29 Juan Niño de Tabora appointed Governor-General (1626–1632).
1627 University of Santo Tomas, then Colegio de Santo Tomas, authorized to confer degrees by Pope Urban VIII.[16][17]
1632 July 22 Lorenzo de Olaza appointed Governor-General (1632–1633) by the Audiencia Real.
Colegio de Santa Isabel established[7][21][22]
1633 August 29 Juan Cerezo de Salamanca appointed Governor-General (1632–1635).
1635 June 25 Sebastián Hurtado de Corcuera appointed Governor-General (1635–1644).
1639 Cagayan Revolt (1639)[2][3][4][5][6]
1640 Universidad de San Felipe de Austria established as the first Public University in the Philippines[7][23]
1643 Universidad de San Felipe de Austria closed down[7][23]
Ladia Revolt (1643)[2][3][4][5][6]
1644 August 11 Diego Fajardo Chacón appointed Governor-General (1644–1653).
1645 The Colegio de Santo Tomas raised to the status of a university and renamed as University of Santo Tomas by Pope Innocent X, upon the request of King Philip IV of Spain.[16][17]
Zambales Revolt (1645)[2][3][4][5][6]
Pampanga Revolt (1645)[2][3][4][5][6]
1647 Dutch besieged the Spanish in the Battle of Puerto de Cavite.
1649 Sumuroy Revolt (1649–50)[2][3][4][5][6]
Pintados Revolt (1649–50)[2][3][4][5][6]
1653 July 25 Sabiniano Manrique de Lara appointed Governor-General (1653–1663).
1660 Zambal Revolt (1660)[2][3][4][5][6]
Maniago Revolt (1660)[2][3][4][5][6]
Malong Revolt (1660–1661)[2][3][4][5][6]
1661 Ilocano Revolt (1661)[2][3][4][5][6]
1662 Chinese revolt of 1662[2][3][4][5][6]
1663 September 8 Diego de Salcedo appointed Governor-General (1663–1668).
Tapar Revolt (1663)[2][3][4][5][6]
1668 September 28 Juan Manuel de la Peña Bonifaz appointed Governor-General (1668–1669).
1669 September 24 Manuel de León appointed Governor-General (1669–1677).
1677 September 21 Francisco Coloma appointed Governor-General (1677) by the Audiencia Real.
September 21 Francisco Sotomayor y Mansilla appointed Governor-General (1677–1678) by the Audiencia Real.
1678 September 28 Juan de Vargas y Hurtado appointed Governor-General (1678–1684).
1680 12 May University of Santo Tomas placed under Royal Patronage by King Charles II of Spain.[16][17]
1681 Sambal Revolt (1681–1683)[2][3][4][5][6]
1684 August 24 Gabriel de Curuzealegui y Arriola appointed Governor-General (1684–1689).
1686 Tingco plot (1686)
1689 April Alonso de Avila Fuertes appointed Governor-General (1689–1690) by the Audiencia Real
1690 July 25 Fausto Cruzat y Gongora appointed Governor-General (1690–1701).

18th century[edit]

Year Date Event
1701 December 8 Domingo Zabálburu de Echevarri appointed Governor-General (1701–1709).
1709 August 25 Martín de Urzua y Arismendi appointed Governor-General (1709–1715).
1715 February 4 Jose Torralba appointed Governor-General (1715–1717) by the Audiencia Real.
1717 August 9 Fernando Manuel de Bustillo Bustamante y Rueda appointed Governor-General (1717–1719).
1718 Rivera Revolt (1718)[2][3][4][5][6]
1719 October 11 Archbishop Francisco de la Cuesta of Manila becomes acting Governor-General (1719–1721).
Caragay Revolt (1719)[2][3][4][5][6]
1721 August 6 Toribio José Cosio y Campo appointed Governor-General (1721–1729).
1722 Colegio de San Jose conferred with the title Royal.
1729 August 14 Fernándo Valdés y Tamon appointed Governor-General (1729–1739).
1739 July Gaspar de la Torre appointed Governor-General (1739–1745).
1744 Dagohoy Rebellion (1744–1829)
1745 September 21 Archbishop Juan Arrechederra of Manila becomes acting Governor-General (1745–1750).
Agrarian Revolt (1745–1746)[2][3][4][5][6]
1750 July 20 Jose Francisco de Obando y Solis appointed Governor-General (1750–1754).
1754 15 May Mt Taal emits magma and destroys the towns of Lipa, Sala, Tanauan and Talisay.
July 26 Pedro Manuel de Arandia Santisteban appointed Governor-General (1754–1759).
1759 June Miguel Lino de Ezpeleta appointed Governor-General (1759–1761).
1761 July Archbishop Manuel Rojo del Rio y Vieyra of Manila Manilaappointed Governor-General (1761–1762).
1762 Silang Revolt (1762–63)
Palaris Revolt (1762–1765)
Camarines Revolt (1762–1764)
Cebu Revolt (1762–1764)
British forces looted and plundered many of Manila establishments through the so-called Rape of Manila.
September 22 British fleet entered seizes Manila Bay as part of the Seven Years' War
October 5 Manila fell under the British rule; start of the British occupation.
October 6 Simón de Anda y Salazar appointed Governor-General (1762-17614) by the Real Audiencia. Provisional Government established in Bacolor, Pampanga with de Anda as dictator.
November 2 The British East India Company commissioned The Rt Hon. Dawsonne Drake became the first British governor-general of the Philippines until 1764.
1763 Dabo and Marayac Revolt (1763)
Isabela Revolt (1763).
February 10 Treaty of Paris implicitly returns Manila to Spain.
28 May Deaths of Gabriela Silang, the only Filipina to have led a revolt, and her husband Diego.
1764 March 17 de Anda hands over the control of the colonial government to Francisco Javier de la Torre, newly appointed Governor-General (1764–1765)
June 11 The last of the British ships that sailed to Manila leaves the Philippines for India, ending the British occupation.
1765 February 10 Royal Fiscal of Manila Don Francisco Léandro de Viana writes the famous letter to King Charles III of Spain, later called as "Viana Memorial of 1765". The document advised the king to abandon the colony due to the economic and social devastation created by the Seven Years' War. The suggestion was not heeded.
July 6 José Antonio Raón y Gutiérrez appointed Governor-General (1765–1770)
Governor Raon orders the minting of parallelogramic-shaped coins called barrillas, the first coined minted in the Philippines.
1769 July 23 The Society of Jesus in the Philippines is expelled by Raón after receiving a dated later from Charles III's chief minister Don Pedro Pablo Abarca de Bolea on March 1, 1767. The Jesuit's Properties are confiscated by the Spanish Colonial Government
1770 July Simón de Anda y Salazar appointed Governor-General (1770–1776)
1771 Moro pirates traveled all over the country and raids many fishing villages in Manila Bay, Mariveles, Parañaque, Pasay and Malate.
1774 November 9 Parishes secularized by order of King Charles III of Spain.
1776 October 30 Pedro de Sarrio appointed Governor-General (1776–1778)
1778 July José Basco y Vargas appointed Governor-General (1778–1787)
1780 Real Sociedad Economica de los Amigos del Pais de Filipinas (Royal Economic Society of Friends of the Philippines) introduced in the Philippines to offer local and foreign scholarships and professorships to Filipinos, and financed trips of scientists from Spain to the Philippines
1783 Bishop Mateo Joaquin de Arevalo of Cebu establishes the Colegio-Seminario de San Carlos(later renamed as the University of San Carlos) from the old building of the defunct Colegio de San Ildefonso, which was closed down in 1769 after the suppression of the Jesuits.
1785 Lagutao Revolt (1785).
20 May University of Santo Tomas granted Royal Title by King Charles III of Spain.[16][17]
1787 September 22 Pedro de Sarrio appointed Governor-General (1787–1788)
1788 Ilocos Norte Revolt (1788).
April 2 Birth of the greatest Tagalog poet from Bulacan Francisco "Balagtas" Baltazar.
July 1 Félix Berenguer de Marquina appointed Governor-General (1788–1793)
1793 September 1 Rafael María de Aguilar y Ponce de León appointed Governor-General (1793–1806)

19th century[edit]

Year Date Event
1805 Nueva Vizcaya Revolt (1805)
1806 August 7 Mariano Fernández de Folgueras appointed Governor-General (1806–1810)
1807 Ambaristo Revolt (1807)
1808 May French Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte installs his brother Joseph Bonaparte as King of Spain.
1809 January 22 King Joseph Bonaparte gives Filipinos Spanish Citizenship and grants the colony representation in the Spanish Cortes
1810 March 4 Manuel Gonzalez de Aguilar appointed Governor-General (1806–1813)
1812 March 19 The Spanish Cortes promulgates the Cadiz Constitution
September 24 The first Philippine delegates to the Spanish Cortes, Pedro Perez de Tagle and Jose Manuel Coretto take their oath of office in Madrid, Spain.
1813 September 4 José Gardoqui Jaraveitia appointed Governor-General (1806–1816)
March 17 The Cadiz Constitution implemented in Manila
October 16 Napoleon is defeated in the Battle of the Nations near Leipzig
October British General Duke of Wellington drives the Napoleonic forces out of Spain
1814 Ferdinand VII proclaimed as King of Spain; Conservatives return to the Spanish Cortes
1815 June 18 Napoleon is defeated in Waterloo
October 15 Napoleon is exiled in St. Helena's Island
1816 Cadiz Constitution is rejected by the conservative government and Filipino representation in the Spanish Cortes is abolished
December 10 Mariano Fernández de Folgueras appointed Governor-General (1816–1822)
1822 October 30 Juan Antonio Martínez appointed Governor-General (1822–1825)
1825 October 14 Mariano Ricafort Palacín y Abarca appointed Governor-General (1825–1830)
1828 Earthquake strikes Manila destroying many of its buildings
1830 December 23 Pascual Enrile y Alcedo appointed Governor-General (1830–1835)
Manila is opened to the world market
1835 March 1 Gabriel de Torres appointed Governor-General (1835)
April 23 Joaquín de Crámer appointed Governor-General (1835)
September 9 Pedro Antonio Salazar Castillo y Varona appointed Governor-General (1835)
Chamber of Commerce is formed
1837 August 27 Andrés García Camba appointed Governor-General (1837–1838)
Manila is made an open port.
1838 December 29 Luis Lardizábal appointed Governor-General (1838–1841)
Florante at Laura is published.
1841 February 14 Marcelino de Oraá Lecumberri appointed Governor-General (1841–1843)
1843 June 17 Francisco de Paula Alcalá de la Torre appointed Governor-General (1843–1844)
1844 July 16 Narciso Clavería y Zaldúa appointed Governor-General (1844–1849)
1849 December 26 Antonio María Blanco appointed Governor-General (1849–1850)
1850 July 29 Antonio de Urbistondo y Eguía appointed Governor-General (1850–1853)
1852 December 4 Glowing avalanche from Mt Hibok-Hibok.
1853 December 20 Ramón Montero y Blandino appointed Governor-General (1853–1854)
1854 February 2 Manuel Pavía y Lacy appointed Governor-General (1854)
October 28 Ramón Montero y Blandino appointed Governor-General (1854)
November 20 Manuel Crespo y Cebrían appointed Governor-General (1854)
1856 December 5 Ramón Montero y Blandino appointed Governor-General (1856–1857)
1857 January 12 Fernándo Norzagaray y Escudero appointed Governor-General (1857–1860)
1859 Jesuits return to the Philippines
Jesuits takes over the Escuela Municipal and establishes the Ateneo Municipal
1860 January 12 Ramón María Solano y Llanderal appointed Governor-General (1860)
August 29 Juan Herrera Dávila appointed Governor-General (1860–1861)
1861 February 2 José Lemery e Ibarrola Ney y González appointed Governor-General (1861–1862)
June 19 Jose Rizal, Philippines' National Hero is born.
Escuela de Artes Y Oficios de Bacolor established as Asia's oldest vocational school.
1862 July 7 Salvador Valdés appointed Governor-General (1862)
July 9 Rafaél de Echagüe y Bermingham appointed Governor-General (1862–1865)
1863 June 3 An earthquake leaves Manila in ruins
1865 University of Santo Tomas made the center for public instruction throughout the Philippines by royal decree of Queen Isabella II of Spain.[16][17]
Observatorio Meteorológico del Ateneo Municipal de Manila (Manila Observatory) established by the Jesuits
March 24 Joaquín del Solar e Ibáñez appointed Governor-General (1862–1865)
April 25 Juan de Lara e Irigoyen appointed Governor-General (1862–1865)
1866 July 13 José Laureano de Sanz y Posse appointed Governor-General (1866)
September 21 Juan Antonio Osorio appointed Governor-General (1866)
September 27 Joaquín del Solar e Ibáñez appointed Governor-General (1866)
October 26 José de la Gándara y Navarro appointed Governor-General (1866–1869)
1867 Colegio de Santa Isabel established in Naga by Bishop Francisco Gainza, OP of Nueva Caceres, through the royal decree of Queen Isabella II of Spain.
1869 November 17 Suez Canal opened
Colegio de Santa Isabel inaugurated as the first Normal School in Southeast Asia
June 7 Joaquín del Solar e Ibáñez appointed Governor-General (1866)
June 23 José de la Gándara y Navarro appointed Governor-General (1869–1871)
1871 The Gabinete de Fisica of the University of Santo Tomas established as the first Museum in the Philippines.[16][17]
The Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy of the University of Santo Tomas is established as the first schools of Medicine and Pharmacy in the Philippines.[16][17]
April 4 Rafael de Izquierdo y Gutíerrez appointed Governor-General (1871–1873)
1872 200 Filipino soldiers stage a mutiny in Cavite.
February 17 Priests Mariano Gomez, José Apolonio Burgos, and Jacinto Zamora (together known as Gomburza) are implicated in the Cavite Mutiny and executed.
1873 January 8 Manuel MacCrohon appointed Governor-General (1873)
January 24 Juan Alaminos y Vivar appointed Governor-General (1873–1874)
1874 March 17 Manuel Blanco Valderrama acting appointed Governor-General (1874)
June 18 José Malcampo y Monje appointed Governor-General (1874–1877)
1875 The Colegio de San Jose incorporated into the Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy of the University of Santo Tomas.[16][17][24][25]
1877 February 28 Domingo Moriones y Murillo appointed Governor-General (1877–1880)
1880 March 20 Rafael Rodríguez Arias appointed Governor-General (1880)
April 15 Fernando Primo de Riverae appointed Governor-General (1880–1883)(1st Term)
Manila is connected through telegraphic cable Europe by Eastern Telecom.
July 18 Two shocks of an earthquake create destruction from Manila to Santa Cruz, Luguna. Tremors continue until Aug 6
1882 March 3 Jose Rizal leaves for Spain to continue his medical studies
June 2 Jose Rizal begins writing the Noli Me Tangere(novel)
1883 March 10 Emilio Molíns becomes acting Governor-General (1883). (First Term)
April 7 Joaquín Jovellar appointed Governor-General (1883–1885)
1884 Required forced labor of 40 days a year is reduced to 15 days by the Spanish Colonial Government.
June 21 Rizal finishes his medical studies in Spain
1885 April 1 Emilio Molíns becomes acting Governor-General (1885). (First Term)
April 4 Emilio Terrero y Perinat appointed Governor-General (1885–1888)
1887 29 May Noli Me Tangere published.
October Rizal starts writing the El Filibusterismo
The Manila School of Agriculture is established.
1888 March 10 Antonio Molto becomes acting Governor-General (1888)
Federico Lobaton becomed acting Governor-General (1888)
Valeriano Wéyler appointed Governor-General (1888–1891)
December 10 La Solidaridad established
1891 March 28 Rizal finishes writing El Filibusterismo in Biarritz, France
El Filibusterismo published in Ghent, Belgium
Eulogio Despujol appointed Governor-General (1891–1893)
1892 June 26 Rizal arrives in the Philippines from Europe via Hong Kong
July 3 Rizal forms the La Liga Filipina
July 7 Rizal is arrested for establishing the La Liga Filipina
July 17 Rizal is exiled to Dapitan
1893 March 10 Federico Ochando becomes acting Governor-General (1893)
Ramón Blanco appointed Governor-General (1893–1896)
1894 July 8 Bonifacio forms the Katipunan
1896 July 1 Rizal is recruited as a physician for the Spanish Army in Cuba by Governor Ramon Blanco
August 6 Rizal returns to Manila from Cuba
August 19 The Katipunan discovered by the Spanish Colonial Government. Katipuneros flee to Balintawak
August 23 Revolution is proclaimed by Bonifacio at the Cry of Balintawak. Katipuneros tear up their cedulas
August 26 Andres Bonifacio, Emilio Jacinto and other Katipuneros board Rizal's ship to Barcelona. They offer his rescue but Rizal refused
August 30 Revolutionary Battle at San Juan del Monte. Governor Ramon Blanco proclaims a state of war in Manila, Laguna, Cavite, Batangas, Pampanga, Bulacan, Tarlac and Nueva Ecija.
September 2 Rizal Boards the ship Isla de Panay for Barcelona
October 3 Rizal arrives at Barcelona
October 4 Rizal is imprisoned in Montjuich by order of Capt. Gen. Despujo
October 6 Rizal returns to Manila as a prisoner
October 31 A new group of the Katipunan is formed in Cavite headed by Emilio Aguinaldo
November 13 Rizal arrives in Manila and incarcerated in Fort Santiago
November 20 Rizal is interrogated for charges against the Spanish Colonial Government
December 13 Camilo Polavieja becomes acting Governor-General (1896–1897)
December 30 Rizal is executed at Bagumbayan
1897 March 22 The Katipunan holds its election. Emilio Aguinaldo is elected as president
April 15 José de Lachambre becomes acting Governor-General (1897)
April 23 Fernando Primo de Rivera appointed Governor-General (1897–1898)
April 29 Katipuneros arrest Andres Bonifacio and his brothers Procopio and Ciriaco on orders of Aguinaldo with sedition and treason before a military court of the Katipunan.
8 May The Katipunan convicts and sentences Bonifacio brothers to death
10 May Andres Bonifacio and his brothers are executed at Mt. Buntis, Maragondon, Cavite.
31 May Aguinaldo establishes a Philippine republican government in Biak-na-Bato, San Miguel, Bulacan.
August 10 Aguinaldo begins negotiating with the Spaniards colonial government in Manila with Pedro Paterno as representative.
August 15 A 7.9 intensity estimated earthquake hits Luzon's northwest coast
November 1 Constitution of Biak-na-Bato ratified
December 14 Pact of Biak-na-Bato between Aguinaldo and Governor Primo de Rivera signed
December 27 Aguinaldo is self-exiled to Hong Kong following the Pact of Biak-na-Bato
1898 February 8 The Katipunan is revived by Emilio Jacinto and Feliciano Jocson
April 11 Basilio Augustín appointed Governor-General (1898)
April 24 The US government promises support in exchange for his cooperation. Aguinaldo agrees
April 26 The US declares war on Spain.
1 May Commodore George Dewey attacks Manila
19 May Aguinaldo and his companions return to the Philippines from exile
24 May Aguinaldo proclaims a dictatorial government and issues two decrees which show his trust and reliance in US protection
June 12 Aguinaldo proclaims Philippine Independence
June 23 Aguinaldo changes the dictatorial government to revolutionary government.
July 15 Aguinaldo creates a cabinet
July 15 The Malolos Congress in established
July 17 US reinforcements and troops arrive in the Philippines.
July 24 Fermín Jáudenes becomes acting Governor-General (1898)
August 13 Francisco Rizzo becomes acting Governor-General (1898)
August 13 Wesley Merritt appointed Military Governor (1898)
August 14 The Spanish surrenders to the US after at mock battle of Manila
August 29 Elwell S. Otis appointed Military Governor (1898–1900)
September Diego de los Ríos becomes acting Governor-General (1898)
September 15 The Malolos Congress meets and elects its officers.
December 10 Spain and the US sign the Treaty of Paris. Article III provides for the cession of the Philippines to the US by Spain and the payment of 20 million dollars to Spain by the US.
December 21 US President McKinley issues the Benevolent Assimilation Proclamation
1899 January 20 US President McKinley appoints the First Philippine Commission, known as the Schurrman Commission
January 21 The Malolos Constitution is promulgated by Aguinaldo.
January 23 The Malolos Republic government is inaugurated. Aguinaldo takes his oath of office as President.
February 4 Hostilities break out between the Filipino and US forces.
February 6 The US Senate ratifies the Treaty of Paris with Spain
March 4 The Schurrman Commission arrives in Manila
6 May Aguinaldo creates a new cabinet
20 May Aguinaldo's moves face opposition from Apolinario Mabini and Antonio Luna
June 5 Antonio Luna assassinated
1900 January 21 The Schurrman Commission returns to the US.
March 16 US President McKinley appoints the second Philippine Commission, known as the Taft Commission
5 May Arthur MacArthur, Jr appointed Military Governor (1900–1901)
June 3 The Taft Commission arrives in Manila
December 23 Partido Liberal established

20th century[edit]

Year Date Event
1901 March 2 The Army Appropriation Act, also known as the Spooner Amendment, is passed by the US Senate.
March 23 Aguinaldo is captured by US authorities.
April 1 Aguinaldo takes an oath of allegiance to the US.
June 17 El Colegio de San Beda established
July 4 Adna Chaffee appointed as the last US Military Governor (1901–1902)
July 4 A civil government is established in the Philippines with William Howard Taft as the first Civil Governor (1901–1904)
July 18 The US organizes the Philippine Constabulary
August 28 Silliman Institute, later known as Silliman University, is established as the first American university in the Philippines
September The first Filipino members of the second Philippine Commission are appointed
September 27 Guerillas, headed by the Filipino Captain Daza, attack the US military barracks in Balangiga, Samar
September 28 Balangiga massacre occurs
October 20 A U.S. Marine battalion arrives on Samar to conduct the March across Samar operation
November 4 The Philippine Commission enacts the Sedition Law
December 14 An earthquake estimated of magnitude 7.8 shakes Lucena City.
1902 January The first labor union of The Country, Union de Litografose Impresores de Filipinas, is organized.
January 21 The Philippine Commission calls for the organization of Public Schools in the Philippines.
March 30 The US Marines leave Balangiga
April 16 General Miguel Malvar surrenders to the US forces
May Governor Taft negotiates with Pope Leo XIII the sale of the friar lands in the Philippines
July Philippine Commission passes the Philippine Organic Act
July 1 Cooper Act is passed by the US Senate. Philippine Assembly is established
July 4 Americans proclaim the end of the Philippine-American War, however fighting continues
August 3 The Foundation of Iglesia Filipina Independiente separated from Roman Catholic Church was proclaimed by The Union Obrera Democratica with Gregorio Aglipay as The 1st Obispo Maximo
September 17 Pope Leo XIII formally bestows a Pontifical title on the University of Santo Tomas[16][17]
November 12 Bandolerism Act passed by the Philippine Commission. All armed resistance against US rule are considered banditry
1903 Governor Taft enunciates the policy of The Philippines for the Filipinos
1904 February 1 Luke Edward Wright appointed as Civil Governor (1904–1905)
October 19 The Manila Business School was founded and started its operation (later as the Philippine School of Commerce, 1908, then as the Philippine College of Commerce, 1952, and now the Polytechnic University of the Philippines).
1905 November 3 Henry Clay Ide appointed as Civil Governor (1905–1906)
1906 September 20 James Francis Smith appointed as Civil Governor (1906–1909)
December 3 St. Scholastica's College established by the Benedictine Missionary Sisters of Tutzing
1907 June 3 Centro Escolar University established as Centro Escolar de Señoritas.
June 30 First Congressional Elections held
1908 June 18 The University of the Philippines is established in Manila.
1911 January 27 Mt Taal erupts, and kills 1,334 people
June 16 De La Salle University-Manila is founded as De La Salle College by the Brothers of Christian Schools.
December 28 Tricentennial of the Royal and Pontifical University of Santo Tomas[16][17]
1913 September 1 Newton W. Gilbert appointed as acting Civil Governor (1913)
October 6 Francis Burton Harrison appointed as Civil Governor (1913–1921)
1914 July 27 Iglesia ni Cristo (largest independent church in Asia) is registered to the government.
1916 October 16 The Jones Law is passed establishing an all-Filipino legislature
October 16 Manuel Quezon elected Senate President while Sergio Osmenna is elected as House Speaker of the House of Representatives of the Commonwealth of the Philippines
1917 January 11 The first cabinet of Filipinos under the US regime is organized.
March 10 Ambos Camarines Dissolved; Split into Camarines Norte and Camarines Sur.
1921 March 5 Charles Yeater appointed as acting Civil Governor (1921)
October 14 Leonard Wood appointed as Civil Governor (1921–1927)
1927 August 7 Eugene Allen Gilmore appointed as acting Civil Governor (1927)
December 27 Henry L. Stimson appointed as Civil Governor (1927–1929)
1929 February 23 Eugene Allen Gilmore appointed as acting Civil Governor (1929)
July 8 Dwight F. Davis appointed as Civil Governor (1929–1932)
1930 November 30 The Communist Party of the Philippines is formally established
1932 January 9 George C. Butte appointed as acting Civil Governor (1932)
February 29 Theodore Roosevelt, Jr. appointed as Civil Governor (1932–1933)
June 20 Adamson School of Industrial Chemistry (ASIC) later known as Adamson University was founded by George Lucas Adamson
October 26 The Communist Party of the Philippines is declared illegal by the Supreme Court
1933 July 15 Frank Murphy appointed as the last Civil Governor of the Philippines (1933–1935)
1934 March 24 The Tydings-McDuffie Law, known as the Philippine Independence Law, is approved by US President Roosevelt.
July 10 202 delegates are elected to the Constitutional Convention in accordance with the Tydings-McDuffie Law
July 30 The Philippine Constitutional Convention is inaugurated
1935 February 8 The Constitutional Convention creates a new constitution
February 15 The Philippine Constitution is signed
14 May The Philippine electorate ratifies the Constitution in a referendum
September 17 Manuel Quezon elected President in the first Philippine Presidential elections
November 15 The Philippine Commonwealth is inaugurated
November 15 The Office of Civil Governor is abolished
1941 November 11 Manuel Quezon re-elected as President
December 8 Start of the Japanese Invasion of the Philippines
December 20 President Quezon, his family and the war cabinet move to Corregidor Island
December 26 General MacArthur declares Manila an open city
December 28 Filipino and US armies retreat to Bataan
December 30 Manuel Quezon takes his oath of Office at the Corregidor Island
1942 January 2 Japanese troops enters Manila
January 3 Masaharu Homma appointed as Japanese Military Governor (1942)
January 3 General Masaharu Homma declares the end of American Rule in the Philippines
January 3 Martial Law declared
January 13 All forms of opposition against the Japanese forces declared subject to death penalty
January 23 An executive committee, composed of Filipinos, is formed by General Homma as a conduit of the military administration's policies and requirements.
February 17 The Japanese Military Government issues an order adopting the Japanese educational system in The Country
February 20 President Quezon and the war cabinet leave for the US
March 11 General MacArthur leaves for Australia to take command of the South Western Pacific Area
March 13 The Commonwealth government is moved to the US
March 29 The People's Anti-Japanese Army or Hukbong Bayan Laban sa Hapon (Hukbalahap) is organized.
April A pro-US resistance movement is organized, mainly to provide data to the US on enemy positions
April 9 Bataan, under US commander General Edward King, is the last province that surrenders to the Japanese armies.
26 May Corregidor Island falls to Japanese forces
June 8 Shizuichi Tanaka appointed as Japanese Military Governor (1942–1943)
June 14 The Commonwealth of the Philippines becomes a member of the United Nations
December 30 The Kalibapi is organized by the Japanese
1943 28 May Shigenori Kuroda appointed as Japanese Military Governor (1943–1942)
June 20 Japanese Premier Hideki Tojo nominates an all Filipino 20 member Preparatory Commission for Philippine Independence
September 4 The Philippine Preparatory Commission for Independence drafts a new Constitution which provides for a unicameral national assembly
September 20 The 108 delegates to the National Assembly are chosen by the members of the Preparatory Commission for Philippine Independence.
September Jose P. Laurel elected President of the Philippines by the National Assembly
October 14 The puppet government is inaugurated. Laurel takes his oath of office
November The Philippine economy collapses, the shortage of rice becomes serious.
1944 May The puppet government inaugurates the Green Revolution Movement.
August 1 Sergio Osmena assumes the Office of the President of the Commonwealth of the Philippines after the death of Manuel Quezon
September 21 US forces raids Manila
September 26 Tomoyuki Yamashita appointed as Japanese Military Governor (1944–1945)
October 20 General MacArthur lands in Palo, Leyte, accompanied by President Sergio Osmena and US troops
October 23 The Commonwealth government of the Philippines is re-established in Tacloban, Leyte
December 8 Pro-Japanese Philippine generals Pio Duran and Benigno Ramos organize the Makapilis
1945 February 4 US troops enter Manila
February 22 Hukbalahap troop leaders arrested by the US forces
February 24 The Battle of Manila ends. The Japanese surrender to the combined US and Filipino troops
February 27 MacArthur hands over Malacanang Palace to Osmena.
March 3 The US and Filipino troops recaptured Manila.
March 22 The families of pro-Japanese President Laurel and Speaker Aquino leave The Country for Japan to seek refuge
June 5 The Congress elected in 1941 convenes for the first time
July 5 General MacArthur announces the liberation of the Philippines
August 6 The American forces drop an atomic bomb over Hiroshima, Japan.
August 9 The American forces an atomic bomb over Nagasaki, Japan.
August 15 The Empire of Japan accepts defeat
September 12 Jose P. Laurel is arrested by the US army
December Manuel Roxas separates from the Nacionalista Party of Sergio Osmena Sr and joins the Liberal Party
1946 April 23 Manuel Roxas wins in the last Presidential Election under the Commonwealth
July 4 The United States recognizes the Independence of the Republic of the Philippines
September 30 The Amended Tenancy Act is promulgated.
1947 January 28 President Roxas issues an amnesty proclamation to collaborators
March 6 HUKBALAHAP declared illegal
April 15 President Roxas dies from a heart attack at Clark Air Field; Vice President Quirino Assumes the Office of President
April 17 Elpidio Quirino takes his oath of office as President of the Philippines
September 8 The Philippine representative to the Far Eastern Commission, Carlos P. Romulo, signs the Japanese Peace Treaty
1950 August 31 President Quirino appoints Ramon Magsaysay as Secretary of the Department of National Defense
1951 August The National Movement for Free Elections (NAMFREL) is established
1953 November 10 Ramon Magsaysay is elected President of the Republic of the Philippines
December 30 Magsaysay takes his oath of office
1954 July 21 The Southeast Asia Collective Defense Treaty is signed in Manila, creating the South East Asian Treaty Organization (SEATO)
December 15 The Laurel-Langley Agreement is signed
1957 March 17 President Magsaysay dies in a plane crash; Vice-President Carlos P. Garcia assumes the presidency
November 14 Carlos P. Garcia elected President of the Republic of the Philippines
1958 August 28 The Filipino first policy is promulgated
1961 December 7 Diosdado Macapagal elected President of the Republic of the Philippines
December 30 Macapagal takes his oath of office
1965 November 9 Ferdinand Marcos elected President of the Republic of the Philippines
December 30 Ferdinand Marcos takes his oath of office
1968 December 26 A new Communist Party of the Philippines established by Jose Sison
1969 March 29 Jos Sison formally organizes the military arm of the Communist Party of the Philippines, The New People's Army
November 11 Ferdinand Marcos re-elected President of the Republic of the Philippines
1970 November 17 Elections for 315 members of a Constitutional Convention held.
1971 June 1 The Constitutional Convention assembles to rewrite the 1935 Constitution. The Convention elects former President Carlos Garcia as its head.
June 14 Garcia dies and former President Diosdado Macapagal takes over the top position at the Convention.
August 21 Plaza Miranda bombed during the election campaign of the Liberal Party
August 22 President Marcos suspends the Writ of Habeas Corpus
1972 Suspicious bombing incidents increase all over The Country . The MNLF launches its campaign for the independence of the Muslim provinces.
September 21 President Marcos signs the Martial Law Edict (at that time not publicly announced).
September 22 Marcos places the entire country under martial law
September 23 Senator Benigno Aquino, Jr. is arrested
September 23 The implementation of martial law is officially announced
September 26 The whole country is proclaimed a land reform area and an Agrarian Reform Program is decreed.
October 21 Marcos passes the Tenant's Emancipation Patent
October 21 The first major armed defiance of martial law takes place in Lanao del Sur
October 22 The battle between the MNLF and the government troops ends with the latter regaining control of the city.
November 29 The Constitutional Convention passes the new Constitution of the Philippines.
1973 Misuari leaves The Country for Libya to solicit armed support from Muslim countries for the war in Mindanao.
January 10 A plebiscite referendum is held among the citizens' assemblies to ratify the new Constitution
April The National Democratic Front (NDF), the united front organization of the Communist Party of the Philippines, is formally organized.
July 27 Marcos' term as President extended by virtue of a referendum
1974 February 27 Presidential appointments to local elective positions declared legal by virtue of another referendum
December 1 Jose Sison's essay entitled Specific Characteristics of Our People's War published
1976 January 4 New people's Army Spokesman Satur Ocampo arrested
August 26 Kumander Dante of the New People's Army arrested
October 16 Martial Law allowed to exted by virtue of a Plebicte
December 23 Tripoli Agreement signed
August 17 An earthquake of 7.8 magnitude and a following tsunami (flood wave) kills 8,000 people on and off the coast of Mindanao.
1977 January 20 The Armed Forces of the Philippines enters into a ceasefire agreement with the MNLF.
March 4 President Marcos issues a decree creating the autonomous Bangsa Moro Islamic Government
November 10 The CPP head Jose Maria Sison arrested
December 16 A referendum is held, the result of which again empowers the President to continue in office, and to become Prime Minister as well.
1978 Rodolfo Salas takes over the leadership of the Communist Party of the Philippines.
April 8 Members of the Interim Batasang Pambansa are elected.
1983 August 21 Benigno Aquino, Jr. assassinated
1984 Philippine parliamentary election, 1984
1986 February 6 Philippine presidential election, 1986
EDSA Revolution ousts President Marcos; Corazon Aquino becomes president
1987 Philippine legislative election, 1987
1989 September 28 Death of Ferdinand Marcos
1991 Senate of the Philippines rejects renewal of U.S military bases in the Philippines
1992 Philippine general election, 1992 (Fidel V. Ramos is elected)
1995 Philippine general election, 1995
1997 Asian financial crisis
1998 Philippine general election, 1998 (Joseph Estrada is elected)
Centennial of Philippines Independence
2000 President Estrada declares an "all-out-war" against the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF).
President Estrada impeached by House of Representatives

21st century[edit]

Year Date Event
2001 EDSA II Revolution ousts Joseph Estrada; vice-president Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo becomes president
EDSA III
Philippine general election, 2001
2003 Oakwood mutiny
2004 Philippine general election, 2004 (Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo elected to a six-year term)
2005 Hello Garci scandal (Legitimacy of declared election winners questioned)
2006 A state of emergency was declared in February in response to coup rumours.
2007 Philippine general election, 2007
Manila Peninsula mutiny
2009 Three International Committee of the Red Cross volunteers were kidnapped by the rebel group Abu Sayyaf
Death of former president Corazon Aquino.
Great Flood because of Typhoon Ondoy
November 23 Maguindanao massacre
2010 10 May The 2010 Philippine general elections took place.
June 9 President-elect Benigno Aquino III won the Presidential election, being the 15th President of the Philippines.
June 30 Inauguration of the President-elect Benigno Aquino III took place, officially declaring him as the 15th President of the Philippines.
August 23 The hostage crisis in Manila took place, killing eight Hong Kong holidaymakers.
October 16 Typhoon Juan, officially as Typhoon Megi, hits northeastern Luzon at Sierra Madre, creating widespread damage over Luzon. (to October 18)
December Vizconde Massacre Case Finished. Result Webb's Freedom
December Philippine New Banknotes Released
2012 October 15 The Framework Agreement on the Bangsamoro is signed which seeks for the creation of a new autonomous political entity, Bangsamoro replacing the Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao.
2013 July 27 The United Federated States of Bangsamoro Republik (UFSBR) declares it independence from the Philippines
September 28 The UFSBR ceases to exists as it is defeated in the Zamboanga City crisis.
October 15 In the morning, at 8:12 a.m. (PST), the Bohol province suffered a severe earthquake with a magnitude of 7.2 Ms. Its epicenter was located at a depth of 33 kilometres (21 mi), 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) east of Carmen, Bohol, and 629 kilometres (391 mi) from the Philippines' capital, Manila. The quake was felt as far as Davao City, a city located in the island of Mindanao. 99 were reported dead while 276 people were injured. It was the deadliest earthquake in the Philippines in 23 years. The energy of the quake released was equivalent to 32 Hiroshima bombs dropped in Hiroshima, Japan during the World War II.
November 8 Typhoon Haiyan known in the Philippines as "Yolanda" hits Regions MIMAROPA, Western Visayas, Central Visayas, and Eastern Visayas resulting of 6201 deaths, 27665 injured, 1785 missing and ₱138,552,546.55 (US$3,208,322.78) total damages

References[edit]

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