|Elevation||253 m (830 ft)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Vehicle registration||UP 17|
Baghpat (Hindi: बाघपत or बाग़पत) is a city of NCR and a Municipal board in Baghpat district in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India. It is the administrative headquarters of Baghpat District. The city's name derives from the Hindi word for tiger (बाघ Baagh). The Baghpat city is located on the banks of river Yamuna at 28 deg 57' North Latitude and 77 deg 13' East Longitude. It is 52 km from Meerut City and is on the main Delhi–Saharanpur Highway around 40 km from Delhi toward north.
- 1 History
- 2 Culture
- 3 Occupation
- 4 Geography
- 5 Medical Facilities
- 6 Famous Places
- 7 Educational Facilities
- 8 Demographics
- 9 History and Culture
- 10 Land of Tigers
- 11 References
- 12 External links
It was founded by the Pandava brothers of Mahabharata as Vyagprastha. Barnava, near Binauliis the site of the Lakshagriha, the lac palace that was built by Mayasura, the demon architect, to kill the Pandavas. The district has a strong presence of Jainism. Bada Gaon is an important pilgrimage center for Jains. It is located near the town of Khekra. Here is a place called pakke ghat where one of the popular Shankaracharya Swami Savroopanandji had got jnana.
Baraut is a multi-religious place with many Hindu Temples, Jain Temples and Mosques around. There are 32 Temples, 45 Mosques, 2 Gurudwaras and 2 churches around this region. One of the biggest temple in this area is known as Digamber Jain Bara Mandir. It is very famous and holds big importance here. It is worth seeing and cannot be described in words. On the day of Mahavir Jayanti (Birth of Bhagwan Mahavir) during month of April a three-day carnival is organised every year. Another Hindu carnival is organised during Dusshera following Ramlila (Play depicting life of lord Rama). Another big Hindu temple in the heart of the city is Panchvati Temple, on the bank of nahar (stream of water). This temple has three parts, first with Goddess Santoshi Ma temple, second is Ram Temple and third part is Ganesh and Hanuman ji temple.
Occupation of the people of Baghpat is mostly Agriculture. approximately 70% people are dependent upon agriculture.Main crops of Baghpat are sugarcane,wheat and rice. Also vegetables like Gourds, Pumpkins, Potatoes, Ladyfinger, Spinach, Radish and Carrots are also grown. Most of the economic growth of Baghpat is due to "The Baghpat Cooperative Sugar Mills Ltd"....located about one and a half a km from the city.
District Baghpat is one of the district of West Uttar Pradesh.The city is Located on the banks of river Yamuna.It is 52 km from Meerut City and is on the main Delhi – Sharanpur Highway around 40 km from Delhi.In the north of the district baghpat there is district Muzaffarnagar,in the south district Ghaziabad,in the west river Yamuna and district Rohtak of Harayana.The shape of the district Baghpat is rectangular which area is more in north to south than east to west.It is very closely located to (around 40 km) the national capital New Delhi.
The district hospital is continued to work from 2011 and Aastha Multispeciality hospital in Baraut worked From 2008 The Government Medical Center is relatively outdated, thought the present UP state government does have plans to modernize the currently available facilities. The city also has private hospitals - Jeevandeep Hospital, Delhi Nurshing Home, Raksha Hospital, are modern hospitals in the district providing all sorts of medical facilities.
Pura MahaDev (पुरामहादेव) Village is inhabited by the Malik Jaats and is situated on the banks of Hindon River and is on the hillock. There is very ancient Temple dedicated to the Mighty Lord Shiva and twice in the year Shiva devotees used to offer water which they carry from the Holy River Ganges from Haridwar and all the way walked up to their designated destination to offer water to the Lord Shiva.Fairs are held here on the fourteenth day of Sravana (sometime in August–September)and Phalguna (February) at the foothills of the Lord Shiva Temple in this village. Mahadev Pura is about 3 K.M. from the nearest town Baleni which is on the highway from Meerut to Baghpat well connected by the road.It is 28 km distant from Baghpat and 32 km from Meerut. According to a local tradition, the sage Parashurama founded a Shiva temple here and named the place Shivapuri which in process of time became changed to Shivpura and then got shortened to Pura.
Gufa Waale Baba Ka Mandir
This temple is a holy place of the name of Gufa Wale Baba Ji (a.k.a. Kuti Wale Baba). There is also Lord Shiva's mandir within this place. People, in large numbers, visit it on religious festivals like Holi, Diwali, etc. Every Sunday devotees from nearby areas participate in religious activities. The temple is situated on the Delhi to Saharanpur highway (SH-57) in Sarurpur Kalan village.
Naag Baba Ka Mandir
It is situated near village Bamnauli on road from Baraut to Budhana via Puchar. Every year on Naag Panchmi, huge croud can be seen here. On deepawali and Holi also, people belonging to nearby places come here from other cities of India to worship Naag Devta.
About 25 km from the city towards Meerut, off Meerut road and near the Hindon River is the Valmiki Ashram, where according to Ramayana Luv and Kush sons of Lord Rama were born and brought up. This is the place where Sita came to live after the Ram-Ravan yudh in Ramayana.
Kali Singh Baba Mandir
This temple is situated near Laliyana village on the road from Chamrawal to Dhauli Pyau. Every Sunday, a huge crowd can be seen here. On Diwali, and Holi also, people come here from nearby cities to worship Kali Singh Baba.
- Abdula Pur Mevla
- Adarsh Nangla
- Ahamadshahpur Padra
- Anandpur Urf Bandpur
- Budhsani Ahir
- Chirchita (Binauli tehsil)
- Chopra Maheshpur
- Hariya Kheda
- Jiwana Guliyan
- Khatta Prahladpur
- Loyan Malkpur
- Mavi Khurd
- Narojpur Gujjar
- Nawada Ahir
- Pura Mahadev
- Puthi Brahman
- Saidhbhar Ahir
- Salawatpur Kheri
- Sarurpur kalan
- Singhawali Ahir
- Surajpur Mehanwa
- Tavela garhi
Baraut city is also a major centre of education.
The newest institute DIET [District Institute for Education and Training] is set up by the education dept. of UP in Baraut city at Barka road.
Digambar Jain College, started by the Gangaram Kishorilal Jain family and Janta Vedic college, started by Mahashaya Chaudhary Umrao Singh are famous. Master Umarao Singh was the founder teacher. In Baraut city all the courses are available up to the research level especially in the field of agriculture.
JagMohan Institute of Management and Technology Opened in 2011 is quite famous in around city for its campus placements.
Jain Polytechnic is famous for technical education.
The Janta (Jat) Vedic College—established in 1917, registered in 1920 under the Society Registration Act as Jat Vedic High School, which has become a collegiate undergraduate (1949), and postgraduate (1956), co-educational institution of 5000 students—is famous for its quality education in the field of agriculture, as well as the arts, science, and education. The college—which sits on a sprawling, 40 acres (16 ha), park-like campus near a Yamuna Canal trubutary—was affiliated to Chaudhary Charan Singh University (formerly Meerut University), Meerut, and was also included under section 2(f) and 12(b) of UGC Act.
As of 2001[update] India census, Baghpat had a population of 36,365. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Baghpat has an average literacy rate of 66%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with 82% of the males and 58% of females literate. 13% of the population is under 6 years of age. Major castes are Jats, Yadav, Gujjars and Rajputs besides Dalits and a large number of Muslims.
History and Culture
Some panchayats in Baghpat have recently issued backward diktats limiting women's freedom and rights, which have been denounced by prominent politicians and activists. This indicates the backward culture of the people in this district and the challenges faced by women in this society.
Land of Tigers
The city was originally known as Vyagprastha - Land of Tigers (because of the population of tigers found many centuries ago), and was one of the 5 villages asked by the Pandava brothers from Duryodhan to avoid the Mahabharat. Barnava, near Binauli is the site of the Lakshagarha - palace made of wax, that was built by Purochana a minister of Duryodhana to kill the Pandavas.
There are many versions of the story as to how the city derived its name. One version states that the city’s original name was ‘Vyagprasth’, while according to another, less popular version, the city has derived its name from the Hindi word ‘Vakyaprasth’, which means place of delivering speeches. Inspired by such words and versions, the city was finally named ‘BAGHPAT’ during the Mughal Era.
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
- "Baghpat panchayat bans mobiles for women, police says no idea". Hindustan Times. 13 July 2012.
- "Baghpat Panchayat issues a Taliban-style diktat to women". The Hindu. July 13, 2012.
- "Baghpat Panchayat's Diktat Against Women 'Illegal': PC". Outlook India. July 13, 2012.
- "After diktat against women, Baghpat villagers thrash cops". July 13, 2012.