Dwarka

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This article is about a city in Gujarat. For the sub-city in Delhi, see Dwarka (Delhi). For the ancient city in Indian epic literature, see Dvārakā. For the nearby island, see Bet Dwarka.
Dwarka
દ્વારકા
city
Dwarka coast
Dwarka coast
Dwarka is located in Gujarat
Dwarka
Dwarka
Coordinates: 22°14′N 68°58′E / 22.23°N 68.97°E / 22.23; 68.97Coordinates: 22°14′N 68°58′E / 22.23°N 68.97°E / 22.23; 68.97
Country  India
State Gujarat
District Devbhoomi Dwarka district
Elevation 0 m (0 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 33,614
Languages
 • Official Gujarati, Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)

Dwarka (Listen) also spelled Dwarika, and Dwaraka, is a city and a municipality of Devbhoomi Dwarka district in the Gujarat state of India. Dwarka is one of the foremost Chardham four sacred Hindu pilgrimage sites, and is one of the Sapta Puri seven most ancient religious cities in the country. Dwarka is often identified with the Dwarka Kingdom, the ancient kingdom of Krishna and is believed to have been the first capital of Gujarat. The Dwarkadhish Temple was built around 200 BCE and was enlarged in the 17th century. Prior to the reallocation of the districts, this city was part of Jamnagar district.

History[edit]

Dwarka is considered the ancient city in Indian epic literature Dvārakā found in Mahabharata and Skanda Purana. Dwarka is mentioned in the copper inscription dated 574 AD of Simhaditya, the minister of Vallabhi under Maitraka. He was the son of Varahdas, the king of Dwarka. The nearby Bet Dwarka island is a religious pilgrimage site and the important archeological site of Late Harappan period. Archaeological excavations have uncovered underwater stone structures which have been described as showing settlement during proto-historic times. Evidence such as a stone block with Gujarati script, the way the stones were dressed showing that dowels had been used, and an examination of anchors found on the site suggest that the harbour site dates only to historical times, with some of the underwater structure being late medieval. Coastal erosion was probably the cause of the destruction of what was an ancient port.[1]

Dwarka under Baroda state, Amreli division, 1909

Dwarka, along with Okhamandal region, was under Gaekwad of Baroda state. During Indian rebellion of 1857, the Vaghers captured the region in 1857. Later by joint offensive of British, Gaekwad and other princely states troops ousted the rebels and recaptured the region in 1859.[2][3]

Climate[edit]

Dwarka has a Tropical Maritime Climate (Köppen climate classification BWh).

Climate data for Dwarka
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 31.0
(87.8)
33.8
(92.8)
38.6
(101.5)
38.3
(100.9)
33.8
(92.8)
35.5
(95.9)
35.3
(95.5)
32.3
(90.1)
35.4
(95.7)
38.1
(100.6)
37.1
(98.8)
33.2
(91.8)
38.6
(101.5)
Average high °C (°F) 26.0
(78.8)
26.7
(80.1)
28.5
(83.3)
30.0
(86)
31.6
(88.9)
32.2
(90)
30.9
(87.6)
29.8
(85.6)
30.3
(86.5)
31.1
(88)
31.1
(88)
27.9
(82.2)
29.68
(85.42)
Daily mean °C (°F) 21.0
(69.8)
22.3
(72.1)
25.1
(77.2)
27.5
(81.5)
29.4
(84.9)
30.2
(86.4)
29.2
(84.6)
28.1
(82.6)
28.1
(82.6)
27.8
(82)
26.3
(79.3)
22.8
(73)
26.48
(79.67)
Average low °C (°F) 15.9
(60.6)
17.8
(64)
21.6
(70.9)
25.1
(77.2)
27.2
(81)
28.3
(82.9)
27.4
(81.3)
26.2
(79.2)
26.0
(78.8)
24.5
(76.1)
21.5
(70.7)
17.7
(63.9)
23.27
(73.88)
Record low °C (°F) 11.2
(52.2)
11.6
(52.9)
13.2
(55.8)
20.8
(69.4)
22.6
(72.7)
23.2
(73.8)
21.1
(70)
23.0
(73.4)
22.1
(71.8)
19.2
(66.6)
16.0
(60.8)
11.3
(52.3)
11.2
(52.2)
Precipitation mm (inches) 1
(0.04)
4
(0.16)
0
(0)
0
(0)
1
(0.04)
60
(2.36)
97
(3.82)
78
(3.07)
21
(0.83)
10
(0.39)
2
(0.08)
1
(0.04)
275
(10.83)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 0.1 0.4 0 0 0.2 3.3 6.4 7.9 2.6 0.8 0.3 0.1 22.1
Average humidity (%) 65 70 79 81 83 84 86 86 83 79 66 61 76.9
Source: NOAA (1971-1990) [4]

Demographics[edit]

As of the 2011 Indian census,[5] Dwarka had a population of 38,863. Males constitute 53% of the population, and females constitute 47%. Dwarka has an average literacy rate of 64%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; the male literacy rate is 72%, and the female literacy rate is 55%. 13% of the population is under six years of age.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gaur, A.S.; Sundaresh and Sila Tripati (2004). "An ancient harbour at Dwarka: Study based on the recent underwater explorations". Current Science 86 (9). 
  2. ^ Ramanlal Kakalbhai Dharaiya (1970). Gujarat in 1857. Gujarat University. p. 120. 
  3. ^ "Gujarat During The Great Revolt: The Rebellion In Okhmandal". XXXIissue= 40. People's Democracy. October 7, 2007. Retrieved 15 January 2015. 
  4. ^ "Dwarka Climate Normals 1971-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 27 January 2014. 
  5. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 

External links[edit]

  • Dwarka travel guide from Wikivoyage