Dwarka

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This article is about a city in Gujarat. For the sub-city in Delhi, see Dwarka (Delhi). For the ancient city in Indian epic literature, see Dvārakā.
Dwarka
city
Dwarka coast
Dwarka coast
Dwarka is located in Gujarat
Dwarka
Dwarka
Coordinates: 22°14′N 68°58′E / 22.23°N 68.97°E / 22.23; 68.97Coordinates: 22°14′N 68°58′E / 22.23°N 68.97°E / 22.23; 68.97
Country  India
State Gujarat
District Devbhoomi Dwarka district
Elevation 0 m (0 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 33,614
Languages
 • Official Gujarati, Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)

Dwarka (Listen) also spelled Dvarka, Dwaraka, and Dvaraka, is a city and a municipality of Devbhoomi Dwarka district in the Gujarat state of India. Dwarka is one of the foremost Chardham four sacred Hindu pilgrimage sites, and is one of the Sapta Puri seven most ancient religious cities in the country. Dwarka is often identified with the Dwaraka Kingdom, the ancient kingdom of Krishna and is believed to have been the first capital of Gujarat. The Dwarakadheesh Temple was built around 200 BCE and was enlarged in the 17th century. Prior to the reallocation of the districts, this city was part Jamnagar District.

History[edit]

Archaeological excavations have uncovered underwater stone structures which have been described as showing settlement during proto-historic times. Evidence such as a stone block with Gujarati script, the way the stones were dressed showing that dowels had been used, and an examination of anchors found on the site suggest that the harbour site dates only to historical times, with some of the underwater structure being late Medieval. Coastal erosion was probably the cause of the destruction of what was an ancient port.[1]

Climate[edit]

Dwarka has a Tropical Maritime Climate (Köppen climate classification BWh).

Climate data for Dwarka
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 31.0
(87.8)
33.8
(92.8)
38.6
(101.5)
38.3
(100.9)
33.8
(92.8)
35.5
(95.9)
35.3
(95.5)
32.3
(90.1)
35.4
(95.7)
38.1
(100.6)
37.1
(98.8)
33.2
(91.8)
38.6
(101.5)
Average high °C (°F) 26.0
(78.8)
26.7
(80.1)
28.5
(83.3)
30.0
(86)
31.6
(88.9)
32.2
(90)
30.9
(87.6)
29.8
(85.6)
30.3
(86.5)
31.1
(88)
31.1
(88)
27.9
(82.2)
29.68
(85.42)
Daily mean °C (°F) 21.0
(69.8)
22.3
(72.1)
25.1
(77.2)
27.5
(81.5)
29.4
(84.9)
30.2
(86.4)
29.2
(84.6)
28.1
(82.6)
28.1
(82.6)
27.8
(82)
26.3
(79.3)
22.8
(73)
26.48
(79.67)
Average low °C (°F) 15.9
(60.6)
17.8
(64)
21.6
(70.9)
25.1
(77.2)
27.2
(81)
28.3
(82.9)
27.4
(81.3)
26.2
(79.2)
26.0
(78.8)
24.5
(76.1)
21.5
(70.7)
17.7
(63.9)
23.27
(73.88)
Record low °C (°F) 11.2
(52.2)
11.6
(52.9)
13.2
(55.8)
20.8
(69.4)
22.6
(72.7)
23.2
(73.8)
21.1
(70)
23.0
(73.4)
22.1
(71.8)
19.2
(66.6)
16.0
(60.8)
11.3
(52.3)
11.2
(52.2)
Precipitation mm (inches) 1
(0.04)
4
(0.16)
0
(0)
0
(0)
1
(0.04)
60
(2.36)
97
(3.82)
78
(3.07)
21
(0.83)
10
(0.39)
2
(0.08)
1
(0.04)
275
(10.83)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 0.1 0.4 0 0 0.2 3.3 6.4 7.9 2.6 0.8 0.3 0.1 22.1
 % humidity 65 70 79 81 83 84 86 86 83 79 66 61 76.9
Source: NOAA (1971-1990) [2]

Demographics[edit]

As of the 2011 Indian census,[3] Dwarka had a population of 38,863. Males constitute 53% of the population, and females constitute 47%. Dwarka has an average literacy rate of 64%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; the male literacy rate is 72%, and the female literacy rate is 55%. 13% of the population is under six years of age.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gaur, A.S.; Sundaresh and Sila Tripati (2004). "An ancient harbour at Dwarka: Study based on the recent underwater explorations". Current Science 86 (9). 
  2. ^ "Dwarka Climate Normals 1971-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 27 January 2014. 
  3. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 

External links[edit]

  • Dwarka travel guide from Wikivoyage