Giardiniera is an Italian or Italian-American relish of pickled vegetables in vinegar or oil.
Varieties and uses 
Italian giardiniera is also called "sotto aceti", which means "under vinegar", a common term for pickled foods. It is typically eaten as an antipasto or with salads.
In the United States, giardiniera (Pronounced JAR - DIH - NAIR - AH) is commonly available in traditional or spicy varieties, and the latter is sometimes referred to as "Hot Mix".
In the cuisine of Chicago, giardiniera is used as a condiment, typically as a topping on Italian beef sandwiches.
A milder variety of giardiniera is used for the olive salad in the Muffuletta sandwich.
The Italian version includes onions, celery, zucchini, carrots, and cauliflower. The pickled vegetables are in red- or white-wine vinegar.
Chicago giardiniera is commonly made "hot" with sport peppers or "mild" without, along with a combination of assorted vegetables, including bell peppers, olives, celery, pimentos, carrots, and cauliflower, and sometimes crushed red pepper flakes, all marinated in vegetable oil, olive oil, soybean oil, or any combination of the three.
On the West coast of the United States it is common to see it pickled in vinegar.
- ^ Miller, Robin (November 2007). Quick Fix Meals: 200 Simple, Delicious Recipes to Make Mealtime Easy. Newtown, CT: Taunton Press. p. 231. ISBN 978-1-56158-947-0.
- ^ Lombardi, Skip (2004). La Cucina dei Poveri. p. 8. ISBN 1-4116-1141-1.