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|Strained yogurt, cucumbers, garlic, olive oil, salt and sometimes lemon juice, dill, mint or parsley|
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Tzatziki (Anglicised: //; Greek: τζατζίκι [dzaˈdzici] or [dʒaˈdʒici]; Turkish: cacık [dʒaˈdʒɯk]; Albanian: xaxiq ; Persian: و خیار ماست ) is a Greek sauce served with grilled meats. Tzatziki is made of strained yogurt (usually from sheep or goat milk) mixed with cucumbers, garlic, salt, olive oil, and sometimes lemon juice, and dill or mint or parsley. Tzatziki is always served cold.
Turkish cacık, the more diluted cousin of tzatziki, is usually served as an accompaniment to meat or bread. Usual ingredients are goat's milk yogurt, cucumber, salt, garlic, and dried and crushed wild mint. When served as a meze (appetizer), it is of a thicker consistency, indistinguishable from tzatziki.
In Bulgaria, the Republic of Macedonia and Serbia, the same dish is known as "dry tarator" (Bulgarian: сух таратор, Macedonian: сув таратур, Serbian: сув таратор), or as "Snezhanka" salad (салата "Снежанка"), which means "snow white salad", and is served as an appetizer. During preparation, the yogurt (Bulgarian: кисело мляко, Macedonian: кисело млеко, Serbian: кисело млеко) is hung for several hours in a kerchief and loses about half of its water (drained yogurt, Bulgarian: цедено кисело мляко, Serbian: цеђено кисело млеко, Macedonian: цедено кисело млеко). The cucumbers, garlic, minced walnuts, salt and vegetable oil are then added.
A variation in the Caucasus mountains, called ovdukh, uses kefir instead of the yogurt, thus creating a refreshing summer drink. This can be poured over a mixture of vegetables, eggs and ham to create a variation of okroshka, sometimes referred to as a 'Caucasus okroshka'.
A similar dish is made in Iran, called mast-o-khiar literally meaning yogurt with cucumber. It is made using a thicker yogurt, which is mixed with sliced cucumber, and mint or dill (sometimes chopped nuts and raisins are also added as a garnish). Iranians take the dish a step further, substituting shallots, called mast-o-moussir.
In India a similar dish is made with yoghurt, cucumber, salt and ground cumin (sometimes also including onions) called raita.
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