Hinton, Alberta

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Hinton
Town
Town of Hinton
Government Centre
Government Centre
Official logo of Hinton
Logo
Motto: Gateway to the Rockies
Hinton is located in Alberta
Hinton
Hinton
Location of Hinton in Alberta
Coordinates: 53°24′41″N 117°33′50″W / 53.41139°N 117.56389°W / 53.41139; -117.56389Coordinates: 53°24′41″N 117°33′50″W / 53.41139°N 117.56389°W / 53.41139; -117.56389
Country  Canada
Province  Alberta
Region Central Alberta
Census division 14
Municipal district Yellowhead County
Incorporated 1928
Government[1]
 • Mayor Rob Mackin
 • Governing body
 • Manager Mike Schwirtz (Interim)
 • MP Rob Merrifield (Cons - Yellowhead)
 • MLA Robin Campbell (PC - West Yellowhead)
Area (2011)[2]
 • Total 33.77 km2 (13.04 sq mi)
Elevation[3] 990 m (3,250 ft)
Population (2011)[2]
 • Total 9,640
 • Density 285.4/km2 (739/sq mi)
Time zone MST (UTC−7)
 • Summer (DST) MDT (UTC−6)
Postal code span T7V
Area code(s) +1-780
Website Official website

Hinton is a town in west-central Alberta, Canada.

It is located in Yellowhead County, 81 kilometres (50 mi) northeast of Jasper and about 284 kilometres (176 mi) west of Alberta's capital city, Edmonton, at the intersection of Yellowhead and Bighorn Highway, in the Athabasca River valley.

Welcome sign

History[edit]

Downtown Hinton

The Town of Hinton was named for William P. Hinton, Vice President and General Manager of the Grand Trunk Pacific Railway. The community was named in 1911 and remained a hamlet for the next 45 years.

Settlement in the area was scattered along a line some twelve kilometres (7.5 mi) in length. A site along Hardisty Creek, is where an aboriginal group from the Jasper area had left members stricken with smallpox while the rest of the group travelled to Lac Ste. Anne to find medical aid for the smallpox epidemic which was ravaging the indigenous population in Alberta. The area was thus dubbed Cache Picote (Smallpox Camp) in 1870. In 1888 Jack Gregg established a trading post at Prairie Creek to serve travellers along the Jasper trail. The creek is now known as Muskuta Creek after an incorrect interpretation of the Cree name by white settlers. The construction of the Grand Trunk Pacific Railway saw the establishment of a construction camp at the mouth of Prairie Creek (at the Athabasca River) in 1908. A trestle was built over the creek and is still in use by CN today. In 1911 the Grand Trunk Pacific built a station house at mile 978 west of Winnipeg. The station was named Hinton, and the community was born. The Canadian Northern Railway also established a station called Bliss in 1914. The Canadian Northern Railway ran north of the Grand Trunk Pacific line and the Bliss station was located about 4 miles east of Hinton in the Athabasca River valley. In 1916 when the Grand Trunk Pacific rail line was temporarily closed, Dalehurst became the postal station for Hinton. Entrance (formerly Dyke), another important centre to Hinton, served as its communications centre. The original community known as Entrance was so named due to its location at the entrance to Jasper National Park and was located on the Canadian Northern rail line north of the Athabasca River from where Entrance (formerly Dyke) is located. The original site of Entrance is now known as Old Entrance.

The Canadian National Railway became the owner of both rail lines, the Canadian Northern and the Grand Trunk pacific and various portions of both lines were used by the new mother company. The company, however, abandoned the use of the rail line through Bliss in 1926 and once again the rail line through Hinton was opened.

The population of Hinton experienced a boom during the 1930s when American entrepreneur Frank Seabolt and two partners opened the Hinton coal mine in 1931.[4] Shortly thereafter, a recession caused the population to dwindle to fewer than 100 people, but the town began to rebound in 1955 with the construction of a pulp mill. The mill brought rapid growth to Hinton and a new village was developed and was named the Village of Drinnan in 1956. The two communities amalgamated on April 1, 1957, to form the present Town of Hinton.[5]

In 1986, 23 people were killed in the Hinton train collision.[6]

Demographics[edit]

In the 2011 Census, the Town of Hinton had a population of 9,640 living in 3,781 of its 4,143 total dwellings, a -1% change from its 2006 population of 9,738. With a land area of 33.77 km2 (13.04 sq mi), it had a population density of 285.5/km2 (739.3/sq mi) in 2011.[2]

The population of the Town of Hinton according to its 2009 municipal census is 9,825.[7] The census originally counted 9,812 people within the town limits[8] but an additional 13 were added when a long-standing annexation application was approved shortly after the census was conducted.

According to the 2006 census:

  • Population: 9,738 ; 9,405 (2001)
  • Land area: 25.76 square kilometres (9.95 sq mi)
  • Population change (2001–2006): 3.5%
Source: Statistics Canada 2006 Census.[9]

Arts and culture[edit]

Hinton is also home to the Wild Mountain Music Fest, a weekend long show hosted by the Entrance Ranch.

Attractions[edit]

Hinton is one of two staging areas for expeditions in the Willmore Wilderness Park, the other being Grande Cache.

Infrastructure[edit]

Hinton Railway Station

Transportation[edit]

Hinton Transit is the municipal public transportation service, operated under contract by First Canada, which is responsible for providing the vehicles, drivers and maintenance. The bus service operates on Monday to Friday from 7:00am to 8:00pm and on Saturday from 8:00am to 7:00pm. No service is provided on Sunday or statutory holidays.

As a flag stop Via Rail's The Canadian calls at the Hinton CN railway station three times per week, in each direction.

Health care[edit]

Emergency and other medical care is provided at the Hinton Healthcare Centre.

Education[edit]

Grande Yellowhead Regional Division No. 35
  • Crescent Valley Elementary School (K-7)
  • Harry Collinge High School (8-12 English, French)
  • Mountain View Elementary School (K-7 English, French)
Evergreen Catholic Separate Regional Division No. 2

Media[edit]

Newspapers

Two weekly newspapers are produced in Hinton; the Hinton Parklander, owned by Sunmedia, and the Hinton Voice, a weekly independent newspaper that started up in June 2009.

Radio

Notable residents[edit]

Sister town[edit]

Hinton has had a partnership with the town of Wanouchi, Gifu, Japan since 1998. This partnership is primarily for educational and cultural exchange. Every year, students from Wanouchi Junior High School travel to Hinton to learn about Canadian life and culture while living with a host family. Every two years, students from Hinton's Harry Collinge High School visit Wanouchi and live with local families.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Municipal Officials Search". Alberta Municipal Affairs. September 5, 2014. Retrieved September 5, 2014. 
  2. ^ a b c "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2011 and 2006 censuses (Alberta)". Statistics Canada. 2012-02-08. Retrieved 2012-02-08. 
  3. ^ "Alberta Private Sewage Systems 2009 Standard of Practice Handbook: Appendix A.3 Alberta Design Data (A.3.A. Alberta Climate Design Data by Town)" (PDF). Safety Codes Council. January 2012. pp. 212–215 (PDF pages 226–229). Retrieved October 8, 2013. 
  4. ^ A History of Hinton
  5. ^ Province of Alberta (1957-03-27). "Order in Council (O.C.) 494-57, New Town Established (Amalgamation of Hinton and Drinnan)". Retrieved April 23, 2010. 
  6. ^ "Hinton Train Collision". Town of Hinton. Retrieved 2011-01-29. 
  7. ^ Alberta Municipal Affairs (2009-09-15). "Alberta 2009 Official Population List". Retrieved 2010-09-14. 
  8. ^ "Hinton's Population is Up!". Town of Hinton. 2009-07-25. Retrieved 2009-08-26. 
  9. ^ Hinton Community Profile - Statistics Canada. 2006. 2006 Community Profiles. Released March 13, 2007. Last modified: 2007-03-13. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 92-591-XWE

External links[edit]

Media related to Hinton, Alberta at Wikimedia Commons