S. R. Srinivasa Varadhan
Srinivasa Varadhan in May 2007
2 January 1940 |
Madras (Chennai), Madras Presidency, British India
|Alma mater||University of Madras
Indian Statistical Institute
|Doctoral advisor||C. R. Rao|
|Doctoral students||Peter Friz
|Notable awards||National Medal of Science (2010)
Padma Bhushan (2008)
Abel Prize (2007)
Steele Prize (1996)
Birkhoff Prize (1994)
Sathamangalam Ranga Iyengar Srinivasa Varadhan FRS (born 2 January 1940) is an Indian American mathematician who is known for his fundamental contributions to probability theory and in particular for creating a unified theory of large deviations.
Early life and education
Srinivasa Varadhan, known also as Raghu to friends, was born in Chennai (previously Madras) in 1940. Varadhan received his undergraduate degree in 1959 from Presidency College, Madras, and then moved to the Indian Statistical Institute in Kolkata. He was one of the "famous four" (the others were R. Ranga Rao, K. R. Parthasarathy, and Veeravalli S. Varadarajan ) in ISI during 1956-1963. He received his doctorate from ISI in 1963 under C. R. Rao, who arranged for Andrey Kolmogorov to be present at Varadhan's thesis defense. Since 1963, he has worked at the Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences at New York University, where he was at first a postdoctoral fellow (1963–66), strongly recommended by Monroe D. Donsker. Here he met Daniel Stroock, who became a close colleague and co-author. In an article in the Notices of the American Mathematical Society, Stroock recalls these early years:
“Varadhan, whom everyone calls Raghu, came to these shores from his native India in the fall of 1963. He arrived by plane at Idlewild Airport and proceeded to Manhattan by bus. His destination was that famous institution with the modest name, The Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences, where he had been given a postdoctoral fellowship. Varadhan was assigned to one of the many windowless offices in the Courant building, which used to be a hat factory. Yet despite the somewhat humble surroundings, from these offices flowed a remarkably large fraction of the postwar mathematics of which America is justly proud.”
Varadhan is married to Vasundra Varadhan who is also an academic (in media studies in the Gallatin School of Individualized Study). They have two sons, one of whom died in the September 11 attacks in 2001. His other son, Ashok, is an executive at Goldman Sachs in New York City.
Awards and honours
Varadhan's awards and honours include the National Medal of Science (2010) from President Barack Obama, "the highest honor bestowed by the United States government on scientists, engineers and inventors". He received also the Birkhoff Prize (1994), the Margaret and Herman Sokol Award of the Faculty of Arts and Sciences, New York University (1995), and the Leroy P. Steele Prize for Seminal Contribution to Research (1996) from the American Mathematical Society, awarded for his work with Daniel W. Stroock on diffusion processes. He was awarded the Abel Prize in 2007 for his work on large deviations with Monroe D. Donsker. In 2008, the Government of India awarded him the Padma Bhushan. He also has two honorary degrees from Université Pierre et Marie Curie in Paris (2003) and from Indian Statistical Institute in Kolkata, India (2004).
Varadhan is a member of the U.S. National Academy of Sciences (1995), and the Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters (2009). He was elected to Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences (1988), the Third World Academy of Sciences (1988), the Institute of Mathematical Statistics (1991), the Royal Society (1998), the Indian Academy of Sciences (2004), the Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics (2009), and the American Mathematical Society (2012).
- "If you can write it down, it's measurable!"
- Convolution Properties of Distributions on Topological Groups. Dissertation, Indian Statistical Institute, 1963.
- Varadhan, SRS (1966). "Asymptotic probabilities and differential equations". Communications on Pure and Applied Mathematics 19 (3): 261–286. doi:10.1002/cpa.3160190303.
- Stroock, DW; SRS Varadhan (1972). "On the support of diffusion processes with applications to the strong maximum principle". Proc. of the sixth Berkeley Symposium on Mathematical Statistics and Probability (Univ. of California Press) 3: 333–359.
- (with M. D. Donsker) "On a variational formula for the principal eigenvalues for operators with maximum principle". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 72 (3): 780–783. 1975. PMC 432403.
- (with M. D. Donsker) Asymptotic evaluation of certain Markov process expectations for large time. I, Communications on Pure and Applied Mathematics 28 (1975), pp. 1–47; part II, 28 (1975), pp. 279–301; part III, 29 (1976), pp. 389–461; part IV, 36 (1983), pp. 183–212.
- Varadhan, SRS (2003). "Stochastic analysis and applications". Bull. Amer. Math. Soc. 40 (1): 89–97. doi:10.1090/s0273-0979-02-00968-0. MR 1943135.
- Ramachandran, R. (7–20 April 2007). "Science of chance". Frontline. India. Archived from the original on 11 December 2007.
- Interview with Srinivasa Varadhan, http://gonitsora.com
- Kalyan Bidhan Sinha and B. V. Rajarama Bhat. "S. R. Srinivasa Varadhan". Louisiana State University.
- S. R. Srinivasa Varadhan at the Mathematics Genealogy Project
- List of degree / diploma / certificate recipients of ISI, web site at the Indian Statistical Institute, accessed 22 March 2007.
- S. R. Srinivasa Varadhan's Biography, Allvoices, accessed 1 August 2010.
- Announcement of the 1996 Steele Prizes at the American Mathematical Society web site, accessed 21 February 2007.
- Srinivasa Varadhan is known as S R S Varadhan for short and Raghu to his friends and colleagues. His father, Ranga Iyengar, was a science teacher who became the Principal of the Board High School in Ponneri Biography (PDF), from the Abel Prize web site, accessed 22 March 2007.
- "Goldman Promotes Ashok Varadhan to Co-Head of Securities". New York Times Dealbook. 2014-02-10.
- "President Obama Honors Nation’s Top Scientists and Innovators". The White House. 27 September 2011. Retrieved 28 September 2011.
- "1996 Steele Prizes". Notices of the American Mathematical Society 43 (11): 1340–1347. November 1996. Retrieved 29 September 2011.
- Citation for the Abel Prize (PDF), accessed 22 March 2007.
- "NAS Membership Directory". U.S. National Academy of Sciences. Retrieved 10 June 2011. Search with Last Name is "Varadhan".
- "Gruppe 1: Matematiske fag" (in Norwegian). Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. Retrieved 10 June 2011.
- "Book of Members, 1780-2010: Chapter V". American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 10 June 2011.
- "Fellows of the Royal Society". Royal Society. Retrieved 10 June 2011.
- "SIAM Fellows: Class of 2009". Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics. Retrieved 10 June 2011.
- List of Fellows of the American Mathematical Society, retrieved 2013-08-28.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to S. R. Srinivasa Varadhan.|
- S. R. Srinivasa Varadhan, home page at the Courant Institute
- O'Connor, John J.; Robertson, Edmund F., "S. R. Srinivasa Varadhan", MacTutor History of Mathematics archive, University of St Andrews.
- S. R. Srinivasa Varadhan at the Mathematics Genealogy Project